Mark Scheme (Results) June 2011

GCE Mechanics M3 (6679) Paper 1

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June 2011 Publications Code UA028443 All the material in this publication is copyright © Edexcel Ltd 2011

EDEXCEL GCE MATHEMATICS General Instructions for Marking
1. The total number of marks for the paper is 75. 2. The Edexcel Mathematics mark schemes use the following types of marks: • • • • M marks: indicated. A marks: Accuracy marks can only be awarded if the relevant method (M) marks have been earned. B marks are unconditional accuracy marks (independent of M marks) Marks should not be subdivided. method marks are awarded for ‘knowing a method and attempting to apply it’, unless otherwise

3. Abbreviations These are some of the traditional marking abbreviations that will appear in the mark schemes and can be used if you are using the annotation facility on ePEN. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • bod – benefit of doubt ft – follow through the symbol will be used for correct ft cao – correct answer only cso - correct solution only. There must be no errors in this part of the question to obtain this mark isw – ignore subsequent working awrt – answers which round to SC: special case oe – or equivalent (and appropriate) dep – dependent indep – independent dp decimal places sf significant figures The answer is printed on the paper The second mark is dependent on gaining the first mark

June 2011 Mechanics M3 6679 Mark Scheme
Question Number Scheme Marks

1. (a) P 0.5 kg O
x

x

0.375x 2
M1 M1 A1

0.5v

dv = −0.375 x 2 dx

1 2 v = −0.25 x3 + c 2

t = 0, v = 2, x = 8 1 2 × 2 = −0.25 × 83 + c 2 c = 130 1 ∴ v 2 = − x3 + 260 * 2
(b)

A1 (4) M1 A1 (2) 6

v = 5 x = 520 − 50 x = 7.77
3

GCE Mechanics M3 (6679) June 2011

1

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

2.

V = π ∫ ( 9 − x 2 ) dx = π ∫ ( 81 − 18 x 2 + x 4 ) dx
3 2 3 0 0

M1 OR: M1 A1

⎡ x5 ⎤ 648 = π ⎢81x − 6 x 3 + ⎥ = π 5 ⎦0 5 ⎣

3

3

0

π ( 9 − x 2 ) x dx
2

π ∫ ( 81x − 18 x 3 + x 5 ) dx
3 0

3 3 π = ⎡− (9 − x2 ) ⎤ ⎢ ⎥

6⎣

⎦0

=

⎦ 6⎣ 9 1 ⎡ 81 ⎤ = π ⎢ × 32 − × 34 + × 36 ⎥ 2 6 ⎣2 ⎦ 243 = π 2 243 15 x= 2 = ( accept 0.94 ) 648 16 5

π⎡ 3 0 + (9) ⎤

9 1 ⎤ ⎡ 81 = π ⎢ x2 − x4 + x6 ⎥ 2 6 ⎦0 ⎣2

3

M1 A1

M1 243 π 2

=

A1

M1 A1 (9) 9

3. (a)

Mass ratio

π ( 3l ) × 5l ρ
2

Dist. from O Moments equation: 5 9 5 × l − 4 × l = 9x 2 8 8 x= l 9

5 5 l 2

2 3 π ( 3l ) × 2 ρ 3 4 3 − × 3l 8

81π l 3 ρ

9

B1 B1

x

M1 A1 ft A1 (5)

GCE Mechanics M3 (6679) June 2011

2

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

(b)

8 37 GX = 5l − l = l 9 9 3l 27 tan θ ° = = 37 l 37 9 θ ° = 36.1° accept 36° , 0.63 or 0.630 rad or better

B1ft

M1 A1 ft A1 (4) 9

GCE Mechanics M3 (6679) June 2011

3

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

4. (a)

A 4a
TA

C 3a

3a
TB

P mg

B 4 3 cosθ = or sin θ = 5 5 R ( vert ) TB cos 45 + mg = TA cos θ
1 4 TB + mg = TA 5 2 TA sin θ + TB cos 45 = m × 3aω 2
3 1 TA + TB = 3maω 2 5 2 3 4 TA − mg = 3maω 2 − Ta 5 5

B1 M1 A1

R ( horiz )

M1 A1=A1

M1

(b)

7 TA = 3maω 2 + mg 5 5 TA = m ( 3aω 2 + g ) 7 ⎛4 ⎞ Tb = 2 ⎜ Ta − mg ⎟ ⎝5 ⎠ 4 ⎛ ⎞ = 2 ⎜ m ( 3aω 2 + g ) − mg ⎟ ⎝7 ⎠ 3 2 m ( 4aω 2 − g ) oe = 7

*

A1 M1

(8)

A1 (2)

GCE Mechanics M3 (6679) June 2011

4

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

(c)

g g ω2 4a 1 g * ω 2 a (Allow strict inequalities in (c).)

Tb

0 ⇒ 4aω 2

M1

A1 (2)
12

5. (a)

7l 6

R A T mg F

O

T=

3mg ⎛ 1 ⎞ 1 ⎜ l ⎟ = mg l ⎝6 ⎠ 2 R ( →) F = T =

B1 1 mg 2 M1

R ( ↑ ) R = mg

F
1 mg 2

µR
µ mg
1 2 *

M1 A1 (4)

µ
(b)

1 3mg ⎛ 1 ⎞ 3mgl E.P.E. lost = × ⎜ l⎟ = 2 l ⎝2 ⎠ 8 1 ⎛l⎞ Work done by friction = mg ⎜ ⎟ 2 ⎝2⎠ 3mgl 1 2 1 ⎛l⎞ = mv + mg ⎜ ⎟ 8 2 2 ⎝2⎠ gl v2 = 4 1 v= gl 2

2

B1 B1 M1 A1ft

A1

(5)
GCE Mechanics M3 (6679) June 2011 5

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

(c)

3mgl 1 = mgx 8 2 3l x= 4

M1 A1 ft A1 (3)

12

6.

(a)

Energy to B: 2 1 1 m 3 ag − × mV 2 = mag 2 2 2 9ag − V = 2ag V 2 = 7 ag

(

)

M1 A1

NL2 along radius at B: V2 TB + mg = m a TB + mg = 7 mg TB = 6mg TB > 0 ⇒ particle reaches B
GCE Mechanics M3 (6679) June 2011 6

M1 A1 M1 A1 (6)

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

(b)

Energy to C: 1 1 × mU 2 − m 3 ag 2 2 U 2 = 2ag + 9ag

(

)

2

= mag

M1

U = 11ga

A1 (2)

(c)

θ
0

5 11ag 12 Energy from C to rest:
1 ⎛ 5 ⎞ 11ag ⎟ = mga (1 − cos θ ) ×m×⎜ 2 ⎝ 12 ⎠ 25 ×11ag = 2 ga (1 − cos θ ) 144
2

M1 A1

1⎛ 25 ×11 ⎞ cosθ = ⎜ 2 − ⎟ 2⎝ 144 ⎠ θ = 87.4... θ = 87° (or 1.5 rad) or better

M1 A1 (4) 12

GCE Mechanics M3 (6679) June 2011

7

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

7.
x

x
B

A

Ta
1m O

Tb x

(1 − x)

(a)

Total extn. = 0.6 λ × ext 2 ( 0.3 − x ) 2 Tb = = = ( 3 − 10 x ) l 0.7 7 Ta = 2 ( x + 0.3) 0.7

*

M1 A1 (2)

(b)

⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎜ = (10 x + 3) ⎟ ⎝ 7 ⎠

B1 (1)

(c)

Tb − Ta = 0.5 x 2 2 ( 3 − 10 x ) − (10 x + 3) = 0.5 x 7 7 ⎛ 20 x ⎞ 2×⎜ − ⎟ = 0.5 x ⎝ 7 ⎠ 40 x=− x 7 × 0.5 (∴ S.H.M.)

M1 A1 ft

M1 A1

Period =

ω

= 2π

7 × 0.5 7 = 2π 40 80

*

M1 A1 (6)

(d)

vmax = aω = 0.2

80 o.e. or a.w.r.t. 0.68 m s−1 7

M1 A1 (2)

(e)

⎛ 80 ⎞ x = a cos ωt = 0.2 cos ⎜ ⎜ 7 t⎟ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎛ 80 ⎞ 0.1 x = −0.1 − = cos ⎜ ⎜ 7 t⎟ ⎟ 0.2 ⎝ ⎠

M1 A1

t=

7 cos −1 ( −0.5 ) 80

t=

7 2π π × = 80 3 3

7 o.e. (accept a.w.r.t. 0.62) s 20

M1 A1 (4) 15

GCE Mechanics M3 (6679) June 2011

8

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