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INTERDEPENDENCE

1.

Which of the following is true about the advantages and the disadvantages of biological control method?

A B C D

Predator prey Frogs - larvae Snakes rats Owls rats Fish - larvae

Advantages Harmful to the environment Cheap and economical Both animals come at night A cheap method to control larvae

Disadvantages Snake will come to the area Snakes are dangerous to the workers Owls cannot catch the rats at night Number of larvae increases

PMR 2008

2.

Diagram 8 shows one of a human activity.

Why should this activity be stopped? A B C D 3. A B C D Causes air pollution Increases the humidity in air Destroys the habitat of flora and fauna Reduces the percentage of carbon cycle PMR 2008 Which activity can prevent the hole in the ozone layer from getting bigger? Replant more trees Avoid the burning of fossil fuel Stop using pesticides and fertilizer in farming Avoid buying products that contain chlorofluorocarbon PMR 2008

4.

Diagram 7 shows two processes, Q and R, in a plant.

Which of the following are represented by P, Q, R and S?

PMR 2007

5.

Diagram 6 shows a pyramid number in a habitat.

5 100 500 5000

Snake Frog Caterpillar Leaves

Which of the following shows the effect on the habitat if all the snakes in the habitat are killed? A Frog Caterpillar Leaves

B Frog Caterpillar Leaves

C Frog Caterpillar Leaves

D Frog Caterpillar Leaves PMR 2007

6.

Diagram 7 shows processes P, Q, R and S that occur in the carbon cycle.

Produce carbon dioxide A B C D P, Q R, S P, Q, S Q, R, S

Absorb carbon dioxide R, S Q, P R P

PMR 2007

The following is a list of organisms. rat paddy caterpillar cobra sparrow eagle

Choose the correct food web for the organisms. A Caterpillar Paddy Rat B Caterpillar Paddy Rat C Rat Paddy Sparrow D Sparrow Paddy Caterpillar Rat PMR 2007 Cobra Eagle Caterpillar Cobra Eagle Sparrow Cobra Eagle Cobra Sparrow Eagle

Diagram 9 shows a habitat occupied by three types of organisms, X, Y and Z.

Y Z Y X Z X Z Z X

X Z X X

X Z

X X Z

Z Y

Diagram 9 A

Y X Z
B

Z Y X
C

Y Z X
D

X Y Z

PMR 2006

The graph shows the number of organisms P, Q, R and S in a habitat.

Number of organism

P
A

Type of organism

R P S Q
B

P R S Q
C

R S P Q
D

S R P Q

PMR 2005

10

The diagram shows the organisms in a forest habitat.

Which of the following food webs is found in the habitat? A Magpie Plant Grasshopper B Grasshopper Plant Rabbit C Plant Grasshopper Magpie D Grasshopper Plant Rabbit Eagle Magpie Snake Rabbit Eagle Snake Eagle Magpie Snake Eagle Rabbit Snake

PMR 2004

Figure 1 shows the carbon cycle. (PMR 2004)

Figure 1

(a) Complete the carbon cycle in Figure 1 using processes chosen from the
following list: Photosynthesis Combustion Respiration (2 marks)

(b) State two functions of plants in the carbon cycle


1. ______________________________________________________________ 2.______________________________________________________________ (2 marks)

(c) Based on Figure 1, state two effects of deforestation.


________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

(2 marks)

INTERDEPENDENCE AMONG LIVING ORGANISMS ANSWER: 1. B 2. C 3. D 4. B 5. A 6. C 7. A 8. C 9. A 10. B


Interdependence among living organisms and the environment PMR 2004 1(a)

(b) - Maintain the carbon dioxide level - Absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. - Source of fuel - Produces oxygen that is needed by all forms of life for respiration. (Any two answers) Greenhouse effect Carbon dioxide content increases Global climate change / global warming Oxygen supply decreases Reduces food supply for animals (Any two answers)

(c)