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The Dacheng Hall, the main hall of the Temple of Confucius in Qufu Chinese [show] Transliterations 儒家
Confucianism is a Chinese ethical and philosophical system developed from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (Kǒng Fūzǐ, or K'ung-fu-tzu, lit. "Master Kong", 551–478 BC). It is a complex system of moral, social, political, philosophical, and quasi-religious thought that has had tremendous influence on the culture and history of East Asia. It might be considered a state religion of some East Asian countries, because of governmental promotion of Confucian philosophies.
Cultures and countries strongly influenced by Confucianism include mainland China, Taiwan, Korea, and Vietnam, as well as various territories settled predominantly by Chinese people, such as Singapore. Japan was influenced by Confucianism in a different way.
In Confucianism, human beings are teachable, improvable and perfectible through personal and communal endeavour especially including self-cultivation and selfcreation. A main idea of Confucianism is the cultivation of virtue and the development of moral perfection. Confucianism holds that one should give up one's life, if necessary, either passively or actively, for the sake of upholding the cardinal moral values of ren and yi.Contents [hide]
1 Themes in Confucian thought 1.1 Humanity 1.2 Ritual 1.3 Loyalty 1.4 Filial piety 1.5 Relationships 1.6 The gentleman 1.7 Rectification of names 2 Governance 3 Meritocracy 4 Influence in 17th Century Europe 5 Criticism 6 Debate over classification 6.1 Ahmadiyya view 7 Names 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links
Themes in Confucian thought verification.
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frugal). are naturally good (kind-hearted)". Rén also has a political dimension. noting that 'By nature men are similar. judge and sense of right and wrong). Knowledge). the elements of Confucianism accumulated over time. Sometimes morality is interpreted as the phantom of Humanity and Righteousness. Among all elements. Confucius must have perceived all men to be born with intrinsic similarities. kindhearted). Chi (恥. Shu (恕. The Three Character Classic begins with "People at birth. Yi (義.implying that whether good or bad. Li (禮. Yong (勇. shame. Humanity). pinyin: rén) is probably best expressed in the Confucian version of the Ethic of reciprocity. Xiao (孝. A simple way to appreciate Confucian thought is to consider it as being based on varying levels of honesty. but that man is conditioned and inﬂuenced by study and practise. Integrity). In Mencius' view. Humanity Main article: Ren (Confucianism) Ritual and filial piety are indeed the ways in which one should act towards others. honesty).Humanity is core in Confucianism. exhorted to refrain from acting inhumanely towards his subjects. Confucius' concept of humaneness (Chinese: 仁. Rang (讓. honesty and cleanness). so cultivation is needed. Jie (節. or the Golden Rule: "do not do unto others what you would not have them do unto you. Ren (Humanity) and Yi (Righteousness) are fundamental. Wen (溫. All the views eventually lead to recognize the importance of human education and cultivation. Confucianism holds. Filial piety). and a simple way to understand Confucian thought is to examine the world by using the logic of humanity. self-effacing). An inhumane ruler runs the risk of . although they may become wicked. reverent). Jian(儉. There is classical Wuchang (五常) consisting of five elements: Ren (仁. it will be difficult if not impossible for his subjects to behave humanely. Xunzi's opinion is that men originally just want what they instinctively want despite positive or negative results it may bring. with root from Mencius' idea. by practice men are wide apart'  . kind and gentle). Rén is the basis of Confucian political theory: it presupposes an autocratic ruler. Loyalty). Yi (義. but from an underlying attitude of humaneness. Righteousness). all men are born to share goodness such as compassion and good heart. Xin (信. good. respectful. bravery). Liang (良. Continency). such as Cheng (誠. kindness and forgiveness). Lian (廉. Gong (恭. In practice. modestly. Righteousness). If the ruler lacks rén. There are still many other elements. Zhi (智." Confucius never stated whether man was born good or evil. Ritual). and there is also classical Sizi (四字) with four elements: Zhong (忠.
people regarded him as a great authority on ritual behaviors. A ruler lacking such a mandate need not be obeyed. but the routines that people often engage in. and eventually referred also to the propriety or politeness which colors everyday life. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. pinyin: lǐ) was soon extended to include secular ceremonial behavior. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. knowingly or unknowingly. Confucius himself tried to revive the etiquette of earlier dynasties. the acts of everyday life are considered ritual.losing the "Mandate of Heaven". Comparison of these many sources is needed for a true "general consensus" of what message Confucius meant to imply. But a ruler who reigns humanely and takes care of the people is to be obeyed strictly. the right to rule. and to content and healthy people. patterns of behavior are internalized and exert . as opposed to its usual religious meanings. Confucius himself had little to say on the will of the people. Rituals were codified and treated as a comprehensive system of norms. (November 2009) Translations from the 17th century to the present have varied widely. whereas with ritual. Rituals are not necessarily regimented or arbitrary practices. In Confucianism. Ritual Main article: Li (Confucianism) In Confucianism the term "ritual" (Chinese: 禮. external authorities administer punishments after illegal actions. during the normal course of their lives. is one purpose of Confucian philosophy. Shaping the rituals in a way that leads to a content and healthy society. Confucius argued that under law. It is important to note that "ritual" has developed a specialized meaning in Confucianism. so people generally behave well without understanding reasons why they should. for the benevolence of his dominion shows that he has been mandated by heaven. After his death. The Rites This article does not cite any references or sources. but his leading follower Mencius did state on one occasion that the people's opinion on certain weighty matters should be considered.
as it transcends such boundaries and "unifies the hearts". Loyalty . becomes insubordination. The Chinese character for "rites". Music. Obeying ritual with sincerity makes ritual the most powerful way to cultivate oneself: Respectfulness. 2) Ritual can be seen as a means to find the balance between opposing qualities that might otherwise lead to conflict. is given as an exception. ritual is used to distinguish between people. In this sense. becomes rudeness. Confucius himself often behaved other than in accord with them. previously had the religious meaning of "sacrifice". straightforwardness.their influence before actions are taken. Internally. Externally. without the Rites. rites indicate to people their duty amongst others and what to expect from them. which seems to have played a significant role in Confucius' life. carefulness. becomes laborious bustle. assigning everyone a place in society and a proper form of behavior. Its Confucian meaning ranges from politeness and propriety to the understanding of each person's correct place in society. Internalization is the main process in ritual. It divides people into categories. desires are channeled and personal cultivation becomes the mark of social correctness. (Analects VIII. pinyin: lǐ) is an ideal form of social norm. Although the Analects heavily promote the rites. and builds hierarchical relationships through protocols and ceremonies. Though this idea conflicts with the common saying that "the cowl does not make the monk." in Confucianism sincerity is what enables behavior to be absorbed by individuals. or "ritual". who is the guest and who the host and so forth. without the Rites. without the Rites. Formalized behavior becomes progressively internalized. become timidity. their usage allows people to know at all times who is the younger and who the elder. without the Rites. boldness. "rite" (Chinese: 禮. so people behave properly because they fear shame and want to avoid losing face.
pinyin: xiào) is considered among the greatest of virtues and must be shown towards both the living and the dead (including even remote ancestors). should show to his parents. then to one's spouse. pinyin: zhōng) is the equivalent of filial piety on a different plane. Filial piety Main article: Filial piety "Filial piety" (Chinese: 孝. and less on the ruler's obligations to the ruled. emphasis was placed more on the obligations of the ruled to the ruler. he did not propose that "might makes right". It is particularly relevant for the social class to which most of Confucius' students belonged. In later ages. because the only way for an ambitious young scholar to make his way in the Confucian Chinese world was to enter a ruler's civil service. loyalty was often subverted by the autocratic regimes of China. Confucius also realized that loyalty and filial piety can potentially conflict. The term "filial" (meaning "of a child") characterizes the respect that a child. family. Loyalty to one's family came first. Loyalty was also an extension of one's duties to friends. pinyin: wǔlún): The Five Bonds Ruler to Ruled Father to Son Husband to Wife Elder Brother to Younger Brother . This relationship was extended by analogy to a series of five relationships (Chinese: 五倫. and lastly to one's friends. however.Loyalty (Chinese: 忠. then to one's ruler. Like filial piety. originally a son. but that a superior who had received the "Mandate of Heaven" (see below) should be obeyed because of his moral rectitude. Loyalty was considered one of the greater human virtues. Confucius had advocated a sensitivity to the realpolitik of the class relations in his time. however. and spouse.
a work attributed to Confucius and his son but almost certainly written in the 3rd century BCE. Now filial piety is also built into law. Filial piety has continued to play a central role in Confucian thinking to the present day. The main source of our knowledge of the importance of filial piety is The Book of Filial Piety. students. high reverence was held for elders. the main source of the Confucianism of Confucius. Particular duties arise from one's particular situation in relation to others. seniors also have duties of benevolence and concern toward juniors. Such duties were also extended to the dead.Friend to Friend Specific duties were prescribed to each of the participants in these sets of relationships. This led to the veneration of ancestors. actually has little to say on the matter of filial piety and some sources believe the concept was focused on later thinkers as a response to Mohism. where the living stood as sons to their deceased family. At the time it lean overly to parent side. It's differentiated in other relationships much as the same. The idea of Filial piety influenced the Chinese legal system: a criminal would be punished more harshly if the culprit had committed the crime against a parent. People have responsibility to provide for their elder parents according to law. and others. and playing his or her . While juniors are considered in Confucianism to owe their seniors reverence. This theme of mutuality is prevalent in East Asian cultures even to this day. The individual stands simultaneously in several different relationships with different people: as a junior in relation to parents and elders. The Analects. and as a senior in relation to younger siblings. Social harmony—the great goal of Confucianism—therefore results in part from every individual knowing his or her place in the social order. The only relationship where respect for elders wasn't stressed was the Friend to Friend relationship. Relationships Relationships are central to Confucianism. while fathers often exercised enormous power over their children. In all other relationships.
(Analects XII. The great exemplar of the perfect gentleman is Confucius himself. literally "lord's child") is crucial to classical Confucianism. and the minister is minister. or benevolence. yearn for and love your parents. when being an official (or a staffer). scholar. Legge) Mencius says: "When being a child. Elitism was bound up with the concept. When Duke Jing of Qi asked about government. yearn for and love your wife and child(ren). and gentleman." The gentleman Main article: Junzi The term jūnzǐ (Chinese: 君子. by which he meant proper administration so as to bring social harmony. and the son is son. 11. when growing mature. Confucianism exhorts all people to strive for the ideal of a "gentleman" or "perfect man"." In modern times the masculine translation in English is also traditional and is still frequently used. cultivate humanity. They were to: cultivate themselves morally. show filial piety and loyalty where these are due. . when having wife and child(ren).part well. when the father is father. from which he wished to demonstrate the general well-being that would ensue if humane persons ruled and administered the state. when the prince is prince. Perhaps the tragedy of his life was that he was never awarded the high official position which he desired. Confucius replied: There is government. A succinct description of the "perfect man" is one who "combines the qualities of saint. yearn for and love your sovereign (and/or boss). and gentlemen were expected to act as moral guides to the rest of society. trans. yearn for and love your lassie.
then. When punishments are not properly awarded. in regard to what he does not know. literally "rectification of terms"). Zi-lu said. social disorder can stem from the failure to call things by their proper names. Rectification of names Main article: Rectification of Names Confucius believed that social disorder often stemmed from failure to perceive. and also that what he speaks may be carried out appropriately. and his solution to this was Zhèngmíng (Chinese: [正名]. Yu! A superior man. Fundamentally. language is not in accordance with the truth of things. What the superior man requires is just that in his words there may be nothing incorrect. When proprieties and music do not flourish. When affairs cannot be carried on to success. What will you consider the first thing to be done?" The Master replied. affairs cannot be carried on to success. If language be not in accordance with the truth of things.The opposite of the Jūnzǐ was the Xiǎorén (Chinese: 小人. narrowly self-interested. literally "small person"). pinyin: xiǎorén." "So! indeed!" said Zi-lu. The character 小 in this context means petty in mind and heart. and deal with reality. the people do not know how to move hand or foot. "You are wide off the mark! Why must there be such rectification?" The Master said. greedy. or materialistic. pinyin: zhèngmíng. Therefore a superior man considers it necessary that the names he uses may be spoken appropriately. "How uncultivated you are. "What is necessary to rectify names. proprieties and music do not flourish." (Analects XIII. in order with you to administer the government. 3. tr. punishments will not be properly awarded. shows a cautious reserve. superficial. Legge) . "The ruler of Wei has been waiting for you. He gave an explanation of zhengming to one of his disciples. understand. If names be not correct.
and become a better person. By being the "calm center" around which the kingdom turns. This idea is developed further in the Great Learning. and is tightly linked with the Taoist concept of wu wei (simplified Chinese: 无为. Republic of China To govern by virtue. (Analects II. let us compare it to the North Star: it stays in its place. Meritocracy In teaching. Taiwan. . the more gets done. such as the king being the axle between the sky. pinyin: míng) that directly corresponded with actualities (Chinese: [實]. study. traditional Chinese: 無為. the king allows everything to function smoothly and avoids having to tamper with the individual parts of the whole. The very Chinese character for "king" (Chinese: 王. human beings. This idea may be traced back to early Chinese shamanistic beliefs. united by a single line. Another complementary view is that this idea may have been used by ministers and counselors to deter aristocratic whims that would otherwise be to the detriment of the state's people. but later generations confused terminology. while the myriad stars wait upon it. When developed sufficiently. 1) Another key Confucian concept is that in order to govern others one must first govern oneself. coined new nomenclature. and the Earth. Governance Confucian temple in Kaohsiung. pinyin: shí). pinyin: wú wéi): the less the king does. (Analects XV. there should be no distinction of classes. 39) The main basis of his teachings was to seek knowledge. and thus could no longer distinguish right from wrong. the king's personal virtue spreads beneficent influence throughout the kingdom.Xun Zi chapter (22) "On the Rectification of Names" claims the ancient sage-kings chose names (Chinese: [名]. pinyin: wáng) shows the three levels of the universe.
China grew greatly and the need arose for a solid and centralized corporation of government officers able to read and write administrative papers. which originally signified the younger. a position which would bring wealth and honour to the whole family. lit. Influence in 17th Century Europe . Most Chinese emperors used a mix of Legalism and Confucianism as their ruling doctrine. led to the introduction of the Imperial examination system in China. A virtuous plebeian who cultivates his qualities can be a "gentleman". This system allowed anyone who passed an examination to become a government officer. Confucianism was promoted by the emperor and the men its doctrines produced became an effective counter to the remaining feudal aristocrats who threatened the unity of the imperial state. and submission to authority used as political tools to rule China. paternalism. The Chinese Imperial examination system seems to have been started in 165 BC. while a shameless son of the king is only a "small man". G. Since then Confucianism has been used as a kind of "state religion". Creel point to the revolutionary idea of replacing nobility of blood with nobility of virtue. Jūnzǐ (君子.Although Confucius claimed that he never invented anything but was only transmitting ancient knowledge (see Analects VII. he did produce a number of new ideas. That he admitted students of different classes as disciples is a clear demonstration that he fought against the feudal structures that defined preimperial Chinese society. known as Rujia (Chinese: 儒家. 1). His achievement was the setting up of a school that produced statesmen with a strong sense of patriotism and duty. During the Warring States Period and the early Han Dynasty. when certain candidates for public office were called to the Chinese capital for examination of their moral excellence by the emperor. that of meritocracy. offspring of a noble. pinyin: Rújiā). a kind of legitimism. Over the following centuries the system grew until finally almost anyone who wished to become an official had to prove his worth by passing written government examinations. "lord's child"). an epithet having much the same meaning and evolution as the English "gentleman". non-inheriting. became. As a result. in Confucius' work. often with the latter embellishing the former. Another new idea. with authoritarianism. Many European and American admirers such as Voltaire and H.
including Laozi's comment and Mozi's critique. Learn others' virtues. e. interests. particularly among the Deists and other philosophical groups of the Enlightenment who were interested by the integration of the system of morality of Confucius into Western civilization. Taiping Rebellion. preferences. and father Prospero Intorcetta published the life and works of Confucius into Latin in 1687. It is thought that such works had considerable importance on European thinkers[who?] of the period. they should first keep peace. there have generated various critiques against Confucianism. Matteo Ricci started to report on the thoughts of Confucius."Life and works of Confucius. . The works of Confucius were translated into European languages through the agency of Jesuit scholars stationed in China. profiles. and reflect on your own weak points when you see others' (見賢思齊焉. Lu Xun also criticised Confucianism heavily for shaping Chinese people into the state they became in the late Qing Dynasty: this is greatly portrayed through his works A Madman's Diary and The True Story of Ah Q. change it. There are still other critique related Confucian ideas.無則加勉). In modern times. Marxians during Cultural Revolution described Confucius as the general representative of class of slave owners.見不賢而內自省).. If what others say is right and your fault is true.g. Criticism For many years since the era of Confucius. by Prospero Intorcetta. May Fourth Movement and Cultural Revolution are some upsurges of those waves in China. waves of critique along with vilification against Confucianism arose.. Confucianism has a related principle idea called "He Er Bu Tong" (和而不同.. and people should live in harmony with each other and meanwhile keep their diversity. be careful of committing that kind of fault (有則改 之. Taiping Rebellers described many sages in Confucianism as well as gods in Taoism and Buddhism as bogie. Although people have differences in opinions. Numerous opinions and interpretations of Confucianism of which many are actually opposed by Confucianism were invented. If not. 1687. peaceful but different or harmonious while diversified).
fulfilling the roles of wife and mother. the religious features found in Confucian texts can be traced to traditional non-Confucian Chinese beliefs (Chinese folk religion). and sacrifice—apply to the practice of Confucianism. "School of the scholars" (Chinese: 儒家.  Debate over classification There is debate about the classification of Confucianism as a religion or a philosophy. Many attributes common among religions—such as ancestor worship. pinyin: Rújiào) "Study of the scholars" (simplified Chinese: 儒学. in his book Revelation.The ideals of Confucianism also maintains a negative view of women in saying that women have no dignity and less human rights than men and are supposed to be at home. The position adopted by some is that Confucianism is a moral science or philosophy. pinyin: Kǒngjiào) "Kong Family's Business" (Chinese: 孔家店. Rationality. ritual. Ahmadiyya view Mirza Tahir Ahmad. Under such a definition Confucianism can legitimately be considered a religious tradition. the fourth Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Since the 1970s scholars have attempted to assess the religious status of Confucianism without assuming a definition based on the Western model (for example. traditional Chinese: 儒學. pinyin: Rújiā) "Teaching of the scholars" (Chinese: 儒教. The problem clearly depends on how one defines religion.  Names Several names for Confucianism exist in Chinese. pinyin: Kǒngjiādiàn) . Knowledge & Truth has argued that Confucianism was a religion and elaborates further in attempting to explain through particular references that the religion in its original pristine form was a monotheistic religion divinely revealed to Confucious who he describes as a prophet of God. however. Frederick Streng's definition. pinyin: Rúxué) "Teaching of Confucius" (Chinese: 孔教. "a means of ultimate transformation").
or "educator". and other religions in Chinese all end with jiào. which literally means "house" or "family". and xué carry different implications as to the nature of Confucianism itself. the suffixes of jiā. political science. The term is parallel to -ology in English. however. biology. however. Christianity. it is more readily construed as meaning "school of thought". jiào. Rújiā contains the character jiā. is notably used to construct the names of religions in Chinese: the terms for Islam. Judaism. economics. These names do not use the name "Confucius" at all. Rúxué contains xué 'study'. In this context. but instead center on the figure or ideal of the Confucian scholar. since it is also used to construct the names of philosophical schools contemporary with Confucianism: for example.Three of these use the Chinese character 儒 rú. the noun "teach". chemistry. meaning "scholar". The term. used in such as terms as "education". See also Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Confucianism Four Books Five Classics Thirteen Classics Neo-Confucianism Korean Confucianism Neo-Confucianism in Japan Confucianism in Indonesia Wen Tianxiang Temple of Confucius . Rújiào and Kǒngjiào contain the Chinese character jiào. and sociology all end in xué. being used to construct the names of academic fields: the Chinese names of fields such as physics. the Chinese names for Legalism and Mohism end in jiā.
Confucian Ethic of Death with Dignity and Its Contemporary Relevance. Rodney L. p. "Confucian Spirituality.html ^ This phrase of a certain negative context became popular after its usage in many Anti-Confucianism movements in China. p. 233 ^ Lun Yu (Yang Huo) 13/05/2009 ^ Chinese Legal Theories ^ 孟子：人少，則慕父母；知好色，則慕少艾；有妻子，則慕妻子；仕則慕君 ^ The first was Michele Ruggieri who had returned from China to Italy in 1588. (1985). Ping-cheung (1999)." 3rd ed. Joseph A. 2 ^ Taylor. 2004). Dubs: 'Nature in the Teaching of Confucius'.Confucian view of marriage Confucian art Boston Confucians Homosexuality and Confucianism References ^ Lo.. . "Understanding Religious Life. (2003. p. See  and  for more details. ISBN 0890730504 ^ The Eastern Origins of Western Civilisation. while residing in Salerno ^ a b "Windows into China". and carried on translating in Latin Chinese classics.org/library/books/revelation/part_2_section_3. eds.alislam. ISBN 0521547245 ^  ^  ^ Centre for Confucian Science (Korea). p194-195. Tu Weiming and Mary Evelyn Tucker. Dao and De (Dao De means morality) are phantom position(韓愈《原道》：仁與義，為定名；道與德，為虛位。) ^ Homer H... John Parker. Introduction to Confucianism ^ Streng.25. most notably the May Fourth Movement and the Cultural Revolution. Adler. "The Religious Dimensions of Confucianism" (1990)." 2 vols. "Confucianism as Religion / Religious Tradition / Neither: Still Hazy After All These Years" (2006) ^ http://www. Frederick. John Hobson. Society of Christian Ethics ^ "Yuandao" by Han Yu: Ren and Yi are specific names.
Xinzhong Yao (2000) An Introduction to Confucianism. Herbert. (Originally published under the title Confucius—the Man and the Myth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Oriental Philosophy. Herrlee G. and movements | Religion in China | East Asian religions .. The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism. Nivison. Confucius and the Chinese Way. The Ways of Confucianism. ed. David S. Max Weber. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing. Reprint. External linksFind more about Confucianism on Wikipedia's sister projects: Definitions from Wiktionary Textbooks from Wikibooks Quotations from Wikiquote Source texts from Wikisource Images and media from Commons News stories from Wikinews Learning resources from Wikiversity Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Entry: Confucius Interfaith Online: Confucianism Confucian Documents at the Internet Sacred Texts Archive.Further reading Creel.) Fingarette. "Topic:Confucianism" Categories: Chinese philosophy | Chinese traditional religion | Confucianism | Ethical theories | Political ideologies | Religious faiths. New York: Harper Torchbooks. Confucian Moral Self Cultivation. Ivanhoe. 2nd rev. traditions. Chicago: Open Court Press. Confucius: The Secular as Sacred ISBN 1-57766-010-2. Philip J.
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More quotations on: [Kindness] He who will not economize will have to agonize.. Confucius Forget injuries. Confucius . Confucius Ignorance is the night of the mind.More quotations on: [Mistakes] Before you embark on a journey of revenge.We have 2 book reviews related to Confucius. I do and I understand. Confucius I hear and I forget. but a night without moon and star. Confucius . I see and I remember. never forget kindnesses.More quotations on: [Ignorance] . Confucius . Confucius Everything has its beauty but not everyone sees it. Be not ashamed of mistakes and thus make them crimes. dig two graves.
Confucius The superior man. Confucius .More quotations on: [Security] To be able under all circumstances to practice five things constitutes perfect virtue.More quotations on: [Respect] Study the past if you would define the future. Confucius . he does not forget that disorder may come. does not forget that danger may come. it is their habits that carry them far apart. Confucius Our greatest glory is not in never falling. but in getting up every time we do. and his States and all their clans are preserved. Thus his person is not endangered. When all is orderly.It does not matter how slowly you go so long as you do not stop. When in a state of security he does not forget the possibility of ruin. these five things are gravity. when resting in safety. generosity of soul. Confucius . Confucius Respect yourself and others will respect you. Confucius Men's natures are alike. earnestness and kindness. sincerity.
Confucius .To see what is right and not to do it is want of courage. Confucius To see what is right. Confucius. by practice. we should turn inwards and examine ourselves. Confucius They must often change who would be constant in happiness or wisdom. Analects By nature. they get to be wide apart. and not to do it. Confucius When anger rises. Confucius What the superior man seeks is in himself. Confucius Wheresoever you go. is want of courage or of principle.More quotations on: [Anger] When we see men of a contrary character. Confucius. what the small man seeks is in others. . men are nearly alike. think of the consequences. The Confucian Analects Fine words and an insinuating appearance are seldom associated with true virtue. go with all your heart.
I am one who is fond of antiquity.More quotations on: [Humility] He with whom neither slander that gradually soaks into the mind. The Confucian Analects . The Confucian Analects Have no friends not equal to yourself. The Confucian Analects . and earnest in seeking it there. are successful may be called intelligent indeed.Confucius. The Confucian Analects . The Confucian Analects Page -> Showing quotations 1 to 30 of 63 total Next . The Confucian Analects Hold faithfulness and sincerity as first principles. nor statements that startle like a wound in the flesh. which keeps its place and all the stars turn towards it. Confucius. Confucius.More quotations on: [Friendship] He who exercises government by means of his virtue may be compared to the north polar star. The Confucian Analects He who speaks without modesty will find it difficult to make his words good.More quotations on: [Faith] I am not one who was born in the possession of knowledge. Confucius. Confucius. Confucius. Confucius.
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