H.G.P. Premadasa 70763820

It has to decide whether the system should begin processing the query immediately or defer execution until enough system resources are available to devote to this query Upon receiving the client¶s first SQL command. the DBMS assign a thread of computation to the command and the thread¶s data and control outputs are connected via the communication manager to the client Relational Query Processor Relational Query Processor consists of a Query Parsing & Authorization. sorting and calls to request data records from lower layers of the system . aggregation.Local Client Protocols and Remote Client Protocols Tasks performed by the DBMS client communications manager in all these protocols are:1) Establish and remember the connection state for the caller 2) Respond to SQL commands from the caller 3) Return both data and control messages (result codes.1 Client Communications Manager A Database Management System needs to be compatible with many different connectivity protocols used by various client drivers and middleware systems. Client Communication manager consist of two types of protocols . This consists of a set of operators for executing any query. Plan Executor and DDL & Utility Processing units The task of Query Parsing and Authorization is to check that the user is authorized to run the query. These operators implement relational query processing tasks including joins. errors.Q1) 1. Query Rewrite. Query Optimizer. etc) as appropriate Process Manager Process Manager has two units ± Admission Control and Dispatch & Scheduling The most important decision that the DBMS needs to make at this stage is Admission Control with regards to query. and compiles the user¶s SQL query text in to an internal query plan Once compiled the resulting query plan is handled by the Plan Executor. projection. selection.

Query processor uses the Catalog manager during authentication. keeping the database as a whole well tuned & reliable . parsing and query optimization The memory manager is used throughout the DBMS whenever memory needs to be dynamically allocated or deallocated The other three modules are utilities that run independently of any particular query. delete) calls. update. Replication & Loading Services and Batch Utilities. Buffer Manager. Administration Monitoring & Utilities. Catalog Manager. Memory Manager. which are Access Methods.Transactional Storage Manager Transactional Storage Manager has four units. Lock Manager and Log Manager This component manages all data access (read) and manipulation (create. The storage system includes algorithms and data structures for organizing and accessing data on disk. including basic structures like tables and indexes The buffer manager decides when and what data to transfer between disk and memory buffers Access methods are used to access data Before accessing data. locks are acquired from a lock manager to ensure correct execution in the face of other concurrent queries Shared Components and Utilities This component consists of the entities which are.

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