Background

The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – which range from halving extreme poverty to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and providing universal primary education, all by the target date of 2015 – form a blueprint agreed to by all the world’s countries and all the world’s leading development institutions. They have galvanized unprecedented efforts to meet the needs of the world’s poorest. Millennium Summit In September 2000, building upon a decade of major United Nations conferences and summits, world leaders came together at United Nations Headquarters in New York to adopt the United Nations Millennium Declaration, committing their nations to a new global partnership to reduce extreme poverty and setting out a series of time-bound targets - with a deadline of 2015 - that have become known as the Millennium Development Goals. 2005 World Summit The 2005 World Summit, held from 14 to 16 September at United Nations Headquarters in New York, brought together more than 170 Heads of State and Government. It was a once-in-a-generation opportunity to take bold decisions in the areas of development, security, human rights and reform of the United Nations. The agenda was based on an achievable set of proposals outlined in March 2005 by Secretary- General Kofi Annan in his report “In Larger Freedom”. UN Millennium Project The Millennium Project was commissioned by the United Nations Secretary-General in 2002 to develop a concrete action plan for the world to achieve the Millennium Development Goals and to reverse the grinding poverty, hunger and disease affecting billions of people. In 2005, the independent advisory body headed by Professor Jeffrey Sachs, presented its final recommendations to the Secretary-General in a synthesis volume “Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals.” "Eradicating extreme poverty continues to be one of the main challenges of our time, and is a major concern of the international community. Ending this scourge will require the combined efforts of all, governments, civil society organizations and the private sector, in the context of a stronger and more effective global partnership for development. The Millennium Development Goals set timebound targets, by which progress in reducing income poverty, hunger, disease, lack of adequate shelter and exclusion — while promoting gender equality, health, education and environmental sustainability — can be measured. They also embody basic human rights — the rights of each person on the planet to health, education, shelter and security. The Goals are ambitious but feasible and, together with the comprehensive United Nations development agenda, set the course for the world’s efforts to alleviate extreme poverty by 2015. "
United Nations Secretary-General BAN Ki-moon

in a single package. founded on a global partnership endorsed at the International Conference on Financing for Development in Monterrey. poverty reduction and sustainable development. the responsibilities of developing countries with those of developed countries. the rule of law.About the MDGs: Basics What are the Millennium Development Goals? The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight goals to be achieved by 2015 that respond to the world's main development challenges. Implementation of the MDGs . respect for human rights and peace and security. many of the most important commitments made separately at the international conferences and summits of the 1990s. are based on time-bound and measurable targets accompanied by indicators for monitoring progress. acknowledge that development rests on the foundations of democratic governance. recognise explicitly the interdependence between growth. malaria and other diseases Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development The MDGs: • • • • • synthesise. in the eighth Goal. The MDGs are drawn from the actions and targets contained in the Millennium Declaration that was adopted by 189 nations-and signed by 147 heads of state and governments during the UN Millennium Summit in September 2000. and bring together. and again at the Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development in August 2002. The eight MDGs break down into 21 quantifiable targets that are measured by 60 indicators. Mexico in March 2002. • • • • • • • • Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women Goal 4: Reduce child mortality Goal 5: Improve maternal health Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS.

In 2003. emphasis was placed on strategies for development and strategies for sustainable development.In 2001. it was on bridging the digital divide and curbing transnational crime. the annual report focused on progress made in the prevention of armed conflict and the treatment and prevention of diseases. in response to the world leaders' request. the Secretary-General prepared the first comprehensive five-yearly report on progress toward achieving the MDGs The report reviews the implementation of decisions taken at the international conferences and special sessions on the least developed countries. progress on HIV/AIDS and financing for development and sustainable development. In 2004. including HIV/AIDS and Malaria. The road map has been followed up since then with annual reports.Click here for additional information on the 2005 Summit. an integrated and comprehensive overview of the situation. UN Secretary General presented the Road Map Towards the Implementation of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. . outlining potential strategies for action designed to meet the goals and commitments of the Millennium Declaration. In 2002. In 2005.

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5 Employment-to-population ratio 1. including women and young people • • • • 1.4 Growth rate of GDP per person employed 1.Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Indicators Target 1a: Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day • • 1.2 Poverty gap ratio • 1.6 Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day 1.1 Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day 1.3 Share of poorest quintile in national consumption Target 1b: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all.7 Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment Target 1c: Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger .

secondary and tertiary education 3.• • 1. Indicators Target 3a: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005.9 Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education Indicators Target 2a: Ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling • • • 2. women and men Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women UNDP works on pro-women's policy advice.1 Net enrolment ratio in primary education 2.3 Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament Goal 4: Reduce child mortality Indicators . and supports projects for gender equality in collaboration with UNIFEM.2 Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector 3.2 Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary 2. and at all levels by 2015 • • • 3.3 Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds.8 Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age 1. capacity development.1 Ratios of girls to boys in primary.

Target 4a: Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five • • • 4.1 HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years 6. universal access to reproductive health • • • • 5. by 2010.3 Contraceptive prevalence rate 5.2 Infant mortality rate 4.2 Condom use at last high-risk sex 6.1 Maternal mortality ratio • 5.5 Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs Target 6c: Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases • . by 2015.3 Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles Goal 5: Improve maternal health Indicators Target 5a: Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio • 5.6 Unmet need for family planning Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS.4 Adolescent birth rate 5.1 Under-five mortality rate 4.2 Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel Target 5b: Achieve.4 Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of nonorphans aged 10-14 years Target 6b: Achieve. malaria and other diseases Indicators Target 6a: Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS • • • • 6.5 Antenatal care coverage (at least one visit and at least four visits) 5.3 Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS 6. universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it 6.

3 7. achieving.6 Incidence and death rates associated with malaria 6.• • • • • 6.2 7.10 Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under directly observed treatment short course Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability Indicators Target 7a: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes.9 Incidence.9 Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility Target 7d: Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers.1 7.10 Proportion of urban population living in slums Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development Indicators .4 7. a significant reduction in the rate of loss • • • • • • • 7.6 Proportion of land area covered by forest CO2 emissions.7 Proportion of species threatened with extinction Target 7c: Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water 7. by 2020 • • 7.7 Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets 6. prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis 6.8 Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs 6.5 7. per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) Consumption of ozone-depleting substances Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits Proportion of total water resources used Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected 7.8 Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source 7. by 2010. reverse loss of environmental resources Target 7b: Reduce biodiversity loss. total.

and more generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction Target 8c: Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States (through the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the outcome of the twenty-second special session of the General Assembly) Target 8d: Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term Some of the indicators listed below are monitored separately for the least developed countries (LDCs). nondiscriminatory trading and financial system Includes a commitment to good governance. development and poverty reduction – both nationally and internationally Target 8b: Address the special needs of the least developed countries Includes: tariff and quota free access for the least developed countries' exports. enhanced programme of debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) and cancellation of official bilateral debt. . predictable.Target 8a: Develop further an open. Africa. landlocked developing countries and small island developing States. rule-based.

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