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THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition

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Table of Contents
How to connect with the fellow Biharis : ............................................................................................ 3 Want to contribute to this magazine .................................................................................................. 3 Want to advertise in this magazine ................................................................................................... 3 Editorial Board .................................................................................................................................. 3 From editor‘s desk ............................................................................................................................ 4 BENCON 2011 ................................................................................................................................. 5 Bihar My Mother Land....................................................................................................................... 9 Do you speak Bihari? ...................................................................................................................... 10 Saas and bahu: the eternal struggle ............................................................................................... 13 Bihar Development Trust ................................................................................................................ 16 Much Needed Change and Development in Bihar, necessary to avoid revolution ........................... 18 " ...".. ................................................................................................................................. 21

Book Review ‗The Plain Truth‖ by N.K.Singh .................................................................................. 25 A tale a tale story of the rampant corruption in the Civil Services .................................................... 25 The Curious Case of Bihari Cuisine: Part 1 ..................................................................................... 26 Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar': Whose Pen Literally Burnt the Page ........................................................ 33 ........................................................................................................................... 35 Chasing a Mirage............................................................................................................................ 36 I am Death ...................................................................................................................................... 38 ............................................................................................................................... 38 Love's Journey by Rashmi Singh .................................................................................................... 41 The Concept of a Nation ................................................................................................................. 42 Pride of Bihar Culture- Ramayan Group ......................................................................................... 43

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How to connect with the fellow Biharis : Please join us on Facebook: 1. Facebook Bihar Community 2. Bihar Society Org on Facebook Want to contribute to this magazine Please send your artcile to the Editor: Want to advertise in this magazine Please send your advertisement to the Editor : at Editorial Board Editor Santosh Pandey (email: ) Blog: Executive Editor Atul Kumar (email: ) Blog: Consulting Editor Consulting Editor Design & Creative Editor Manoj Pandey ( email: ) Sarvesh Upadhyay ( email: ) Sanjay Prasad ( email: ) Blog: Ankit Ptrakash (email: ) Website: Abhishek Kumar (email Associate Editor Bhartendu Kumar Das ( email: ) Associate Editor Vivek Kumar (email: ) Blog: Associate Editor Editor Ankit Kumar (email: ), Ajit Chauhan (email: ) Blog:, Consulting Guest Editor replace Mrunalini with ―new editors ― Dwijendra Kashyap(emai :l at

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From editor’s desk
Dear readers,

We are thankfull for your overhelming response with the first edition of this webzine. We have received many encouraging responses from all quarter of society and from Bihari and non-Bihari community from across the globe. It is this tremendous response that helps encourages and gives us much needed fuel to continue with this publication in its second consecutive edition.

Since the release of the first edition, a lot has happened in Bihar, there has been a tragic case of Police atrocity in Farbesganj, Meeting of Nalanda mentor group was recently held, in another encouraging and bold step, Bihar Society with the help of people of Bihar has established Bihar Entrepreneur Network (BEN) and the first conference of BEN (BENCON) was held in the historic city of Bodh Gaya. The event was well received by all stakeholders.Since, the idea of BEN germinated on the online/facebook forum and finally culminated on the ground which is similar to the idea of launching this webzine as well, the theme of this edition is dedicated to BEN -IDEAS to EXECUTION.

After successful organization of BENCON, Bihar Society is now planning to organize another Bold and large scale event which will bring lot of positivity and energy not only in Patna but whole of Bihar. This event is PATNA MARATHON. The ground work has already been started and soo you will see lot of action.

Although many of you have sent your contribution to this edition of the webzine and earlier edition there is still deficiency of good quality articles on current relevant topics, hence, we would like to urge upon you to share your articles on relevant topics for the next edition. Only your participation and contribution can elevate the quality of this webzine and sustain this wonderful initiative in a longer run.

We also invite interested people with journalistic flavor to assume responsibility in publication of this webzine. Please do write to us at if you are interested to be part of this webzine in any manner. Please send us your suggestion as to how this webzine can be further improved by email to us.

Editorial Team

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Last month (21st May 2011) we organized our first BEN CONFERENCE in Bodh Gaya. It has created a wave of excitement and energy among the young entrepreneurs, students/teacher and locals of Gaya. The energy and hunger for creating jobs and being a part of changing Bihar was very visible and palpable. This event was unique in many ways and the way event got organized and hosted itself had some lessons and reasons to celebrate summer of Gaya (when temperatures touched 45 centigrade often). 4. The fact that 150+ entrepreneurs were able to converge at one venue on a saturday morning in the heat of gaya itself was a good reflection of the "hunger" and "need gap" that exists in Bihar. 5. The fact that people like Ajay Kumar Gupta from Noida ( via Santosh Pandey) , Tanya Prasad from Singapore (via Atul Kumar), Akhourie Nites (via Kumar Ankit) offered financial sponsorship for the event which was just an unproven idea and

experiment also proved the need for many such events. 6. We also got great support & participation from various govt departments was another eye-opener. We didn't know Industry Commissioner (Principal Secy), CK Mishra jee till 1 week before the event and he bought in the idea and promised to sponsor the event. He also sent two of his senior team members to the event, who presented their case very well. The ease with which we could walk in & reach-out to to various departments in secretariat with no political connection was an example that entrepreneurs 1. We had no formal organization or paid staff to conduct this event. It was organized in an open source / wikinomics model. 2. It started as an idea discussed over facebook and skype between Kumar Ankit, Naveen Sharma in Gaya and Santosh Pandey in Europe, Atul Kumar in USA. Many of them had never met in person so it was an example of how the rules of collaboration and doing business in the 21st century are changing. 3. There were lot of skeptics, critics, cheerleaders, supporters and very strong supporters. Like all new ventures we had a fair share of all of these. As the event started to catch momentus more and more people started joing in but initially some of the key members were also skeptical abou the possibility of pulling off an event like this in Bihar especially in 7. The participation of 60+ students of Gaya College in the event at a short notice gave a very encouraging signal. The way they were able to put interested in Bihar should take note of.

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together a professional show and got trained in few hours, put up a Rangoli under Lalita jee guidance. 8. The way Prof Madhukar Shukla, Prof Piyush Sinha, Prof Ashok Ghosh, Prof Nupur Bose and many others supported the event and offered their networks and guidance was a symbol of the resources and guidance that was available. 9. The participation of investing community

Prachin Bharat, Ranjan Verma and Kumar Ankit (locals from Gaya), pulled all their local network of freind sand family to the event ( Kumar Ankit's younger sister, Lisa, a +2 student, helped us call media people), Kumar Rahul and Manish Dayal, Aunty and uncle, friends & family all came together to make the event a success .. this was a good showcase of EVENT 3.0 or Org 3.0 where events can be executed at a short notice using the power of networks and collaboration.

especiall two young girls from Mumabi based funds was encouraging, the way many of the speakers agreed to come on their own (in fact paid registration feed also) was a symbol of the event, the participation of media ( Prabhat Khabar, Hindustan, Hindustan Times, Telegraph, Mint, Appan Samachar and many more was very encouraging) and symbol of the fact that media, professors and investors are available if you put-up a team and lay out a vision and mission. 10. The way multiple orgs like Bihar Industries Association, Bihar Udaya, Tie-Patna, Prachin Bharat, Green Leaf Energy, Sulabh International, Prabhat Khabar, Kamdhenu, collaborated, Karma to Society this Appan and event Samachar, many others is



something to take note of and get inspired. 11. During this event, Ram Kumar & Tanvi Nalin , who were managing the speakers, partners and sponsors from Delhi flew to Gaya to host the event. Ranbir Bahadur of Bihar Uday, came from Caclutta and took charge of registrations, Kavi Kumar & D. S. Mathur, Adviser, Sulabh from Delhi, Santosh Singh from IDRF, Chennai, Prof Ashok Ghosh and Nupur Bose from Patna, Mrs Jyoti Sinha and her team (Kamdhenu) from Patna, Rajiv Kumar came from Maner with his world famous Ladoos, Ajay Gupta came from Noida and his team not only sponsored the event but also supported as a volunteer/team and panelsit on Infrastructure, Akhourie Ntesh and his team (Praniti Motors) not only sponsorsed the evnt but also offered their cars and transportation help, 12. As a result of the event, many enterpreneurs discovered each other, their business and possible partnership opportunities, sales opportunities .. BEN discovered Abhihek Kumar Sinha, who single

handedly manged the show and logistics in Patna and got the brochure published with some help from Prabhat Khabar and also managed the Patna

logistics of guests Naveen Sharma jee stayed in Gaya for those few 13. After the event, many enterepeneurial ideas and days inspite of his crazy enterepreurial life as CEO of partnerships are in discussion but those discussions

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obviously in closed rooms and private discussions, we should see the fruits of BEN being launched in near future. Abhishek Kr Singha & Kaushalendra discovered each other and are leveraging each other's networks and resources, Ravi Chandra found a wider net for his venture. 14. One of the highlights of the event was after the event when enterpeneurs were given a change to present the idea on stage and many did present their ideas ( Image Bihar and many others).

been shared woth the 550+ members of BEN and ideas are being discussed on a real time basis. Planning for 2012 has also started and you can visit below URL for details 36768325022 . As a spin-off from the event, few entereprenurial venturess have also been kicked off and you will see the detail from upcoming publication by BEN. (Atul Kumar)

T-Shirt and other creative stuffs designed by Manish Sinha and Jugad Studio for BENCON 2011

Many many more results and learnings. We also learnt some hard lessons The promised 10 lakh INR from Indian Oil and 5 lakh INR from BPCL didn't come but we are sure more will come in next event. The quality of mikes and sound system at event venue could have been better and so on .. but then we have the next event to plan much longer for .. miles to go and miles to go before we sleep but the journey of a thousand miles beging with a single small step .. we took it .. now the topic of discussion in Bihar is changing from corruption and politics to job creation and entrepreneurship and that itself is a big giant leap forward ….. on the lines of TEDx, we hope to have smaller events in various cities of bihar ( Muzzafarpur, Chhapra, Hajipur, Darbhanga,

Madhubani, Saharsa) and also maybe host the event at a national or international venue ... more to come later. After the meet, we had couple of meetings online and in Patna and the process of formalizing BEN as a Trust is in progress. The Governance Model, Charter of BEN, Membership and goals have

Madhu the first Bihari Twitter Bird

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Business Line (The Hindu) 16th May Bihar Society to meet at Bodh Gaya

7. 8.


11. yvoy8ck2

Some media coverage of BENCON
12. 13. 14.!/Biharent





19. NOMY/dna_english_news_and_features/B-

Some Press coverage links of BENCON 2011 1. ihar/story_14008562.jsp (Global meet to boost business by ALOK KUMAR 2. Forbes India (In May, Bihar saw its first ever conference on entrepreneurshipRead
more: ) 23. 21. 20.

school/IIT-alumni-join-hands-to-encourageentrepreneurship/DNMUM212238 d/story_14005395.jsp 22. 24. y_14013003.jsp




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The Buddha spent five years at Rajgir after having attained enlightenment, and many of the remains at

Bihar My Mother Land
-------------------------------------------------------BIHAR is the name derived from the ancient word "VIHARA" , It is indeed a land of monasteries. Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, Muslim and Sikh shrines abound in this ancient land where India‘s first major empires rose and fell. Where the ruins of the worlds‘ earliest university slumbers in the void of time. The passage of Ganga, flowing wide and deep enrich the plains of Bihar before distributing in Bengal‘s deltoid zone.

Rajgir commemorate various incidents related to life of Buddha, the hill of Gridhrakuta being perhaps the most important, as this is where the Buddha delivered most of his sermons. Bodhgaya is the spot where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment, with the Mahabodhi Temple marking the precise location.

Today Bihar rising in all aspect , todays Bihar is the best place for entrepreneurs, businessmen. There is huge potential across many and boundless of opportunities sectors Healthcare, including infrastructure,

Education, Ancient Bihar (which consisted of Anga (East Bihar), Videha (North Bihar), Magadha (South Bihar) and Vaishali (North Bihar)) was a center of power, learning and culture in ancient and classical India. From Magadha arose India‘s first greatest empire, the Maurya empire as well as one of the world‘s most widely adhered-to religions, Buddhism. Magadha empires, notably under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties, unified large parts of South Asia under a central rule. Its capital Patna, earlier known as Pataliputra, was an important center of Indian civilization. Nalanda was a centre of learning established by the 5th century CE in Bihar.


Agriculture , Energy , information technology (IT), Food production and Tourism.

In my last visit of Patna, i was there for one month, now i am sure in next five years Patna is going to achieve Metro status and Bihar is going to be number one state growth wise , because of lot of other advantage , its is next best destination for IT Company , again i am sure by 2014 Patna is next IT hub in India .

Now this is time of for us. We need to unite for our mother land, for our states development. We need to contribute our talent, our efforts. We need to do

Among all Indian states, Bihar is the one most intimately linked to the Buddha‘s life, resulting in a trail of pilgrimages which have come to be known as the Buddhist circuit. The Buddhist trail begins at the capital city, Patna, where a noteworthy museum contains a collection of Hindu and Buddhist

something great and outstanding for our mother land. Please awake and arise.come and join and be the active part of growth of our Mother Land "BIHAR". Now Bihar Govt and "BIHARI" people is ready to bring Bihar on world MAP. Author : Binay Yadav

sculptures as well as a terracotta urn said to contain the ashes of Lord Buddha.

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Do you speak Bihari? ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------language. It has 'devnagri' script.. it has 'Hindi' "So do you speak Bihari at home?" More than often we are stumped by this question. Am sure, most of the fellow Biharis never knew that there is a certain language called' Bihari' before they left Bihar. No parents told us this... no school book taught us. Is it a Hindi Dialect: Not sure as how one would define 'dialect' as? If i look at other 5 Bihar dialects- Magahi, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Angika and Bajjika.. i am able to differentiate the sound of it.. My answer to that question was always a the tonality.. the words.. the specific districts where it gets spoken. I am not able to imagine "Bihari' in the same light. grammar.. It doesn't have it's own script and vyakaran.. so surely not a different language

big 'No'.No, because i never knew what 'Bihari language' meant. What we speak at home is Hindi and that's the only language i am familiar with, i know of and i speak.

Is it Hindi: That's what i always thought of.. .. so I would stick to it. But yes it is surely different from

For long I defended that there is no such language called Bihari.. We have Bhojpuri, Angika, Magahi, Bajjika and Maithili as dialects of Hindi in Bihar but nothing as such which would be referred and recognised as 'Bihari'.

Hindi that is spoken in the mainland in various ways.

For e.g. 1) the way we speak... so we love strectching the word ( )

However, lately if posed with the same question, my answer has been in affirmative...and primarly because of love for the place. 2) We know the distinction between , and Alright, so back to the same question. say What is Bihari language? व and theoretically... instead of And badi we and , also choti

matra...( Something that seems to be absent in other region) but mess up with the pronunciation.

a) Is it a different language?

So Sheela would become sila...( or silwa) silsila would become shilshila.. We also mix र and

b) Is it a Hindi dialect?

. So


र and र is


c) Or is it Hindi? 3) We might be excellent with our Hindi vyakaran Is it a different language: Am not a linguist but i would still want to believe that Bihari is not a and adept at all those al or , ,

क र et

but we mess up with gender. So

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though we know that dahi is khatta (grammatically) but in practice when we are speaking then we'll say, .. .. I think we are fond 8) As my sister sushmita says, Bihari Hindi exudes respect for one and everyone. So we say ' ' ' ( not ) instead of प'

of using masculine gender for most of the things. Although the interesting thing is that while writing, our sentence construction is correct. So in our essays we would write . और

. ' ' used as a

prefix for lot of words to suggest respect like: , ...etc...

9) Then we have super rich vocabulary which only Biharis would understand. And well, it extends

4) We don't like saying things straight. When was the last time your name got pronounced as is. We love suffixing. so Nina becomes Ninwa... rohit would become rohitwa.. ruchi would become ruchiya.. khao would become khaiyebe.. nahao would become nahaiyebe.. andhera would be andheriya and so on.. so each of the Hindi word would have it's suffix according to what suits the pronunciation... so'suffixing according to

beyond the popularly known 'burbak' and 'baklol

I have been trying to recollect the words which you get to hear in Bihar only..

Spontaneous ones.. :-)

So you make bhaat in tokna and eat in a chipli. Tarkari is made in kadhahiya with the help

convenience' is one of the intrinsic characteristic of Bihari Hindi. 5) Then we don't even like answering straight. You ask a question and you get another question as an answer. Question: Answer: ? ?

of cholni. You take out daal from the tokna with the help of dabbu. Roti is rolled on a chokla with the help of belna The sisa ka sisi (glass bottle) has got a thepi You see your face in an Ena ( Not Aaina) You wipe your gor with a ghamchi Sugga (parrot) has a 'laal lol'.

Sugga eats boont and sings sita ram sita ram Mummy would One make is 'ek

6) Fetish for affirmation: Like my friend Ejaz rightly says that after every two sentence you would end up saying- " " :-)

nenua and kadima ka tarkari today

tho'.. two is ' doo go' You sit on a peedha and when your eyes water when you cut the onion then that's 'jhons lagna'

7) The use of ' '

' ,

क ' instead of ' ' and




screeching You Kapda

then go

he to

is 'chichiya


क '. I have actually always wondered about
' to me is an

school 'Bhihane' (Morning).

feechna is

washing clothes Okta jaana ( not ukta) is getting usage of hum in Bihar particularly. ' bored. When you are stubborn then you urdu word so i would understand it's wide usage in awadh belt but Hindi in Bihar does not have Urdu influence. Never understood how 'hum' got

are 'thethar' Jonk ( earthworm) is 'jhonkti'.. and mitti ka cup (kulhar) is 'kaptee or cuptea' :-) Butru kaan raha ( the kid id crying)

calibrated with Bihar's Hindi

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Bartuhar or Kutumb are coming home to see the girl and even if they like her they would ask for grand 'tillak'. Door is Kiwad and chouraha is 'chaubatiya' Samosa is Singhara, chahe baliya ho ya Aara Gulab jamun is kala rasgulla and if you have sore throat then do 'susum paani ka kulla' Desi daru is 'taadi' while the meetha sugarcane is 'ketari' Cut the 'kasaili' with a 'Sarauta' ( betel nut cutter) and the tarkari on a 'hasua'

then it's called 'susum', Bindi is 'tikli' and a gold chain is a 'sikdi', Mattress is tosak you wrap yourself in oodhna. Your head is 'kapar' while a tattoo would be 'Godna. Wife is 'kaniyan' and Jeth is 'bhaisur' Jethani is 'gotni'.. while a sasur remains a 'sasur'. 'Biha- saadi' ( vivah- shaadi) is the biggest celebration and if you didn't serve 'Buniya ka laddu' then that's quite an


Eat 'boont ka saag' garnished with mirch and tel that should be 'Karuwa' ( mustard oil). You go to maidan with a 'lota' and if you spot a big black ant, then that's a 'khota'

To see is 'laukna'... and to to slip is 'sasarna' and If you blink then that's 'matki marna' and if you limp then that's 'lengrana' ( not langarana).

Ok.ok ok...The list can only get longer... as i am Go to 'kansaar' for 'bhunja bhunjane' writing this, am actually being able to think of so many words which had almost become absent in my vocabulary. (Sorry.. bhocabulary.. that's the way we would pronounce it) Anyways, the point is not to create the shabkosh but just to establish that Bihari has a distinct 'shabd-kosh'.... that the way we speak is slightly different.. that we have used all our freedom to Mirch is ' Marchai' while chai is still a chai You jamao the dahi in 'matkuri' while the kaccha aam is 'Tikola' and if there's a hailstorm then that's called 'oola' Ribbon is 'feeta' and teekha is 'teeta' You 'chilo chimdi on your kotha' in jaadey ka mausam and if the milk is lukewarm By Richa Rai ? make it flexible... But at the end of the day it is HINDI.

When you get lost then that's 'bhutlaana' Polythene bags are 'Panni' and hard board would be 'koot'

'Gaach' would be tree and 'fawa' is free :)Kheechad is "Kaado" while hibiscus is "arhul" Handbag a "ghaila". is 'jhola' and you store water in

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Saas and bahu: the eternal struggle
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The saas feels An exceprts from the book: ―Bhojpuri KahawatenEk Sanskritik Adhayan‖ written by late Satyadev Ojha and the Bhojpuri transcript from the book produced hereunder is translated by his son Santosh Ojha. A smart bahu slowly works her way to a status so that her voice is heard within the family. She exerts her personality and challenges the threatened by the entry of the bahu so she wants to dominate her (the bahu) and underscore her powers.

unbridled powers of the saas. In the olden days of child-marriage a saas could easily establish her influence on the family; since the age of the bahu has begun getting higher this too has gone. The bahu would no longer meekly subject herself to torture and let her saas control her life. The bahu is ready to raise her voice against her tyrannical saas. There are many Bhojpuri kahavatein dealing with this changing equation. @@@ The relationship between two women in a family is between a mother and her daughter, sister and sister, sisters-in law (nanad-bhabhi), daughters-inlaw and mothers-in-law (saas-bahu). But the relationship between the mother-in-law (saas) and the daughter-in-law (bahu) attains importance for the power-struggle in encapsulates, the power for the upper hand in the affairs of the family. Not surprisingly we find more kahavatein on this Any mother is keen to see her son married. (A bahu is critical to the extension of the family tree). Her anxiety grows when her son becomes older. Many-a-time, the matrimonial proposal may even break down when the enemies of the groom‘s family create obstructions. The older the son, the more suspicious is the prospective bride‘s family. So, when the son does get married, it is natural for his mother to rejoice as in the following kahavat: , प

relationship. The role of the saas is paramount in the household affairs till the bride (bahu) arrives. Before the marriage, the mother-in-law is the housewife- and the boss. And she genuinely believes that she has the rights to meddle into all the affairs within the family.


Having a son is lucky, Having a daughter-in-law is fortuitous!

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the bahu enters



र,क इ र, क -क


the saas does not relinquish her powers to the new bahu. To the contrary, she gets even more attached to them. , प क

He is away, and I am free to go wherever I wish, And she is off to her mother’s place; and I can eat whatever I want. But the saas returns and does what she is traditionally expected to do, trouble and torture

All saas’ are pious, All bahus are sinners. The saas believes there really is no point in giving any rights to such useless bahus, even in the tiniest affairs of the household: र कर क र, व क

her bahu:

, .

My saas feels a surge of affection for me, And she singes my cheeks with glowing embers. . Saas regularly criticizes even the makes tiniest of


Respect your bahu, yes, But why let her touch the domestic vessels? The saas shows her miserly attitude to



the bahu and


sarcastic remarks. The bahu does not find these funny at all and she starts retaliating. कव कव प

the bahu as mentioned in the kahavat: क कर,




A manipulated lamp-wick, Or a criticized bahu,

In an outpouring of affection says the saas, Both are counter-productive. Dig a little cavity into your litti, I will fill it up with mattha (butter-milk) In the days of yore it was rather common in households to serve the best portions of the meal to the men of the family and the dregs to the bahu. No wonder the bahu would feel liberated when her husband and saas were away: @@@@ The bahu starts feeding her husband with real and imagined tales hersaas‘ tortures. And, over a period of time, with such stories she is able to influence her husband enough for him to develop

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hatred towards his mother. The mother senses this and laments:

From one spout she pours buttermilk And amrit from the other,

प इ प र

प व

, The old lady gets the sour buttermilk व While she serves amrit to her man. @@@@ The bahu tries to dominate her saas by all means fair and foul. She even threatens:

I nourished my son, he was my own, The bahu arrives and cuts me off from my own. The animosity intensifies and the saas is

devastated. Once when her son was unmarried she longed for a bahu and now she can not stand her. प प व ,प क क व , व . Enough for saas to vanish. Let a bahu come, let a bahu go; do I care? My body burns when I see the bahu. The bahu keeps consolidating her position with her husband who has now clearly turned anti-mother. She now feels emboldened to start treating her saas badly as said in this picturesque kahavat: क व क क क र, प प क र प @@@@ Sure enough, the bahu starts dominating the household. She rules the roost even as she takes off on her saas ever so often: क क इ पर I will scream my lungs off,


, र,

The bed-clothes of saas Serves as the foot-wiper of the bahu The break between the bahu and saas is

poignantly captured in the following kahavat.

My cultured bahu, since she has come, Serves food from a two-spouted vessel.

Saas dies today,

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Cries tomorrow, the bahu. The bahu was never happy with the treatment meted by her saas, right from the beginning. Though there were some moments (especially when the saas helped out with the chores when the bahu was in the family way) when the bahu felt some emotional attachment to hersaas. Hence the bahu weeps a bit, albeit a day late. @@@@ The relationship between due the to the two the two women lack of

protagonists. Perhaps the saas should reconcile to the fact that one day, over time, the bahu will be ruling the roost in the family. Why not reconcile to this situation early on? क क Neither a well-fed son, nor a thieving bahu, Carry the family gains away. Santosh Ojha इ , प क रव

deteriorates understanding




Bihar Development Trust
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------receiving support from Bihari and people who feel strongly about the development of Bihar. Over the last three year, It is emerging as a platform for the youth who are passionate about Bihar to create and provide employment & services to benefit millions of people in Bihar. It is striving to to break the scale barrier of non-profit sector. It has aimed to demonstrate that professionals can turn

entrepreneur in Bihar and catalyze the growth of economic activity with the help of poor people which has been achieved to certain extent. Bihar Development Trust is an idea to adapt GRAMEEN and AMUL model to Bihar context and in different sectors (manufacturing as well as services) supported by most efficient technologies. It has Bihar Development Trust has been founded on March 26, 2007 by management professionals from IRMA (Institute of Rural Management, ANAND) with a belief that professionally qualified youth should come back to Bihar and turn entrepreneur to provide employment in their native state. The feeling was that Bihar Development Trust should act as an honest platform for adopted a value chain approach for each

livelihood initiatives. Its vision is to make Bihar most developed state of India in next 20 years. Its mission is to build a US$20 billion enterprise in Bihar by 2020 in areas of opportunities like microfinance, handloom and handicrafts, fruits and vegetable, Agricultural commodities, health care and education, power and

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BPO(animation,graphics etc),carbon trading and tourism etc with an outreach of 10 million families. Its core values are Ttransparency, Honesty, Faith, Integrity and Discipline. It has an outreach of 6000 families and employee strength of 40.

The Lodipur Bunkar Trust has been given share in the marketing company. It has provided drinking water facility, constructed drainage and cemented the work place of weavers and conducted design workshop with designers from NIFT, NID etc to develop contemporary designs .Rickshaw Sangh Bihar Development Trust is operating in Patna, Bhagalpur and Aurangabad Districts of Bihar. Microfinance program provides credit and program enables cycle rickshaw drivers to own rickshaws by accessing formal credit, repaid through easy installments. BDT has partnered with American India Foundation to implement this program in Bhagalpur.

insurance services and promotes savings and financial literacy among women members. BDT has disbursed more than 5000 loans to women borrowers with more than Rs.500 lakhs till date with a repayment rate of 99.5% over last three year. It has an outstanding of over Rs. 150 Lakh with around 3000 active borrowers. Tasar Silk Livelihood Program has organized 20 weavers in Lodipur in form of Mutual Benefit Trust. It has been working with two more weavers‘ clusters with an outreach of 100-200 weavers with sales around Rs. 50 Lakh.

BDT is providing the rickshaw puller a new built rickshaw, identity card, municipal license, health, medical, asset and life insurance.

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BDT has improved the livelihood of 100 rickshaw puller under this program in Bhagalpur. Farmer Livelihood Program is providing services like Institution building, input supply at fair price, Agri Extension services, market linkages, Credit to farmers at the doorstep to improve their earnings. BDT has an outreach of 500-700 farmers and more than 20 farmer clubs have been formed in Aurangabad District. Bamboo Based Livelihood Program is providing micro credit and market linkage assistance to 50 farmers to promote bamboo cultivation & employment to 200 women. NABARD supported manufacturing center in

small span of 11 months. His role in BDT is networking, fund raising, external communication, strategizing, designing and starting new programs besides documentary, legal and financial

compliance to various statutory bodies and donor agencies. He is good at networking, planning, training, communicating etc and in data

management, documentation etc.

Mr. Dev Kumar Dubey had worked in Employee Provident Fund (EPF) under Ministry of Labour as Account Officer during 1998-2004. He joined IRMA in 2004 after quitting his job. He did not joined SKS Microfinance from where he got an offer during campus placement. He spent one year working with NGOs in Bhagalpur working in SHGBank Linkage program besides exploring

Kahalgaon area of Bhagalpur District has been set up.

opportunities in social entrepreneurship. His role in BDT is day to day operations management, providing guidance to team members of various programmes, meeting government officials,

ensuring proper implementation of programmes & utilization of funds, maintaining internal control systems etc. He provides strategic inputs from ground while the development programmes are Bihar Development Trust has been founded by Dr. Ravi Chandra and Mr. Dev Kumar Dubey on March 26, 2007. They have studied together in Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA) during 2004-2006. Mr. Diwakar Vats joined Bihar Development Trust in 2008 after quitting his corporate job in DLF Group Company. He has done his post graduate diploma Dr. Ravi Chandra has graduated as dental surgeon from Manipal University in 2003. He has worked with Foundation of Ecological Security as Community Mobilizer before joining IRMA in 2004. He got rich management experience while working in different kind of organization and situations in in business management from designed by Dr. Ravi Chandra

International Management Institute, New Delhi in 2007. He is helping both of them in planning and strategy while in running day to day operations at Patna and doing local networking.

Much Needed Change and Development in Bihar, necessary to avoid revolution
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 18




when our



2. He can request help from the best agencies in the world in Policing, Judiciary, bureaucracy and Political System. Hire services in respective fields from best governed countries like UK, US,

bureaucrats shall began thinking as a facilitators? Like Haryana, Gujarat, Tamil etc…

Right from CM to general public, there is immense need to think and act in terms of development, removing corruption, providing civic amenities, only then; we can raise the living status in Bihar above African States.

Germany, Netherland in order to revitalize the otherwise defunct corrupt system and enforce a change for better, understand how these

developed countries evolved their system from the old legacy.. By the way we are still carrying the leftover of the old British system, which have been

Governance and law enforcement in Bihar is not better than any African state. We have almost defunct civic system, policing, judiciary, health, education system…. everything is rotten. Civic system does not take care of cleaning drainage, road, hygiene in hospital, restaurants, Dhaba, Hotels, there is almost no honest inspector who works honestly for the enforce of law just for salary. Police and judiciary is another most rotten, corrupt and junk system. You have to pay tons of money to get your legal and rightful work done, of course you can get all illegal work done if you spend money as the system demand.

completely revamped in their own countries.

3. He can simplify most of the rules for better understanding by common people and easy implementation by agencies.

This job shall not take more than one/two year/s. I can further elaborate if there is such need.

Regarding economic development in Bihar, you do not have to go far, checkout Haryana, Gujarat, Tamil, AP, Karnataka, Maharashtra, what they are providing, why Bihar cannot provide. Free zones like all these states are providing.

We have plethora of law, but their enforcement is almost nil and these laws are selectively used for targeting people at convenience for making money or suppressing opponents by the bureaucrats, politicians, police, judiciary. Do you think our chief minster Mr. Nitish Kumar, does not know all these, but what he has done so far is not sufficient but cosmetics. 2. Every districts shall have at least one such free Did he setup a working group till date even after over 5 years in power. Below are some very common ideas, but need real zeal and honest approach in implementation: 3. Make all investment and commercial approval simple, online and fully computerized in order to reduce human interface resulting into reducing 1. He can setup separate working corruption and fast processing. zone 1. We have a lot of land unfit for agriculture and inhabitations, identify them and allot for the development of Economic free zones, we can take help of infrastructure developers, to develop shade 40%, plots on lease 50%, roads drainage 10% and power for these free zones.

groups/committees on how to get rid of corruption in police, bureaucracy, judiciary and politics.

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4. Deploy development and facilitator friendly official in guidance and approval. It shall be their duty to complete the task of approval in time bound period and get the same from central govt. if any. Approval in services sectors should be in one day. For instance, if you want to start any business in Dubai, it needs one day in Chamber of Commerce and Ministry of Industry and Economy, 2-3 days for labor visa in labor department.

development. Unfortunately Congress failed. Then public gave almost 15 years to RJD. Baring the commendable change in psycho-social

engineering for backward classes, RJD failed in maintaining law and order, controlling of corruption and much needed development say roads,

employments, etc... Now the same public gave mandate to JDU-BJP for the very much needed change in Bihar.






have What are the options left with the people other than mandate to change the government? Some of them have already taken arms in their hand are called Moist. The next option left for the public is come on the street in mass i.e. revolution.

incentive/bonus for efficiency and achievement of targets. This job is not tedious and must not take more than one/two year/s. The government needs to concentrate on the development of social sectors:

a) Re-investment in health, education, technical and professional education sectors on mass scale by govt. and private sector. Old requirement like 5 acre land (impossible in city areas / or high entry capital barrier, running period) should be modified. Shall be complemented with quality teaching, sufficient equipment, laboratory, building and placement.

e) Years of JDU-BJP rule is already finished and it is running in the second span for 10 years. This is right time to pull all the strings of development, control on corruption and began reforms. Instead of doing cosmetic change and creating political hype (say public display of wealth of babus /netas, cycle scheme, etc...) we need real reforms (reform on policing, reform in judiciary, reform in

bureaucracy and politics), We want to stop b) It shall approve as much as possible colleges in medical, engineering, management, IT etc. leakages of resources from plan and non-plan expenditure and its implementation in real sense say 99% like the western countries. c) Strengthens Municipalities / rural The evolutions in Middle-East & African countries are against poverty, low income, high inflation, and concentration of wealth in few hands (mostly politician/industrialist), d) Some of us in Bihar, say politicians, corruption in police, governance and all honest and hardworking NGOs in all communities. Deploy honest inspector for implementation of rules and hygiene though out states.

bureaucracy, judiciary and politics. Situation in Bihar is not different from these countries the only exception is we have power to change the head of Govt. every five year, however the junk system remains the same.

intelligentsia as well as few general public believe, that it is the people of Bihar, responsible for the poor state of affairs, including corruption,

underdevelopment, poverty, poor governance etc. in Bihar. But I disagree, the people of Bihar, gave a long span of time to Congress for change and

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We do not have much time left, we need to achieve real tangible change or the time is not far when we are faced with the same situation as it is faced in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yaman etc............. (The writer Mohammad Irfan, (from Muzaffarpur) is Finance Director with a large overseas group, and has exposure in overseas countries and their governance.




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THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition

Page 21

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THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition

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.. औ ढ़ .. औ ,औ इ .. इ . Author: Bhaskar G Vatsa, Mumbai, India इ ...

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Book Review ‘The Plain Truth” by N.K.Singh
A tale a tale story of the rampant corruption in the Civil Services

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Kissa Kursi Ka, the sugar scam, Airbus bribery N K Singh is the CBI officer who arrested Indira Gandhi in 1977. Forced to return to his home cadre in Orissa after she returned to power, this courageous and diligent Indian Police Service officer was brought back to the CBI by Prime Minister V P Singh's government. One of the first cases he was assigned was the St Kitts forgeries. Unfortunately, his meticulous Singh gives glimpses of the deep-rooted nexus that has developed between crime, criminals, politicians and civil servants. How willingly senior civil servants connived at subverting the rule of law to please their political masters. Blinded by their In the second of six extracts from his fascinating biography, The Plain Truth, N K Singh discloses the genesis of the St Kitts investigation which has now resulted in a chargesheet against former prime minister P V Narasimha Rao. Outlook writes about this book “THE Plain Truth, as told by N.K. Singh, is going to shock and dismay many of its readers. The insider's account of events that have become an important part of India's contemporary political history makes ambition, some of them became willing and St Kitts forgery were no ordinary criminal cases investigated by the CBI. Singh describes in some detail how these important functionaries of the Indian State shamelessly subverted the system to sabotage the investigation and the judicial process. Facts are indeed stranger than fiction.”

investigation into the case earned the wrath of the next prime minister, Chandra Shekhar, who transferred him out of the agency.

accessories to criminal acts. They told lies, committed acts of perjury, theft, and destruction of evidence, but managed to go scot free. On the contrary, they were duly rewarded for their criminal role. These are the types who manage to reach the top of the ladder more easily. The numbers of such civil servants—pliable, loyal to the powers that are, unscrupulous and ambitious—are

unfortunately multiplying. They are the real villains. The criminal-politician link cannot operate without them. It is a very readable, but a serious book. It raises some fundamental questions about our political and administrative system. These questions need to be confronted and solutions found, if our democratic system is to survive. I recommend this book to all, irrespective of the fact whether they agree with the author's version of the events or not. It is good that such books are coming out. The

compelling reading. The media has not stopped discussing them, but this book fills some important gaps in our knowledge about these cases. Singh's story confirms our worst fears about the extent of politicisation of civil service and such vital investigation agencies as the CBI. Law doesn't appear to take its own course when it comes to influential and powerful persons, whatever the rhetoric. The book unmasks a number of senior political leaders and well-known civil servants, some of whom still hold very important positions. Cases like

villains who strut around as heroes need to be exposed.

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The Curious Case of Bihari Cuisine: Part 1 (Part 2 will be published in the next edition of the webzine) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Despite the many Biharis across the country, and across the continents (Mauritius, countries of the West Indies and Fiji come to my mind easily), and Biharis in Bihar, of course, there is no popular recognition of the Bihari cuisine. We do not have restaurants announcing in big and bold that they serve authentic Bihari cuisine. No Bihari food festivals in five star- or even three star- hotels. Not even does the friendly neighbourhood restaurant announce: ―Specialist in Chinese, Mughalai, Daal is something which all of us Indians have regularly, albeit with varying differences. But have you had the Bihari daal? Arhar dal, just watered down so, with a heavenly chhaunk of ―panchphoran”? (Can you visualize the description of this dish in fancy five star restaurants: ―Toor lentils, cooked to the right consistency with perfection and seasoned with a unique, mouth-watering combination of five spices‖.) Punjabi and Bihari cuisine‖. A pity, the Bihari cuisine has failed to grab the attention of other fellow countrymen? Or is it that the Biharis have failed to position their cuisine as something unique. I understand that there is Gujrati thali, Bangal ranna, Andhra mealsu and Kashmiri waazwaan. But, alas, no Bihari cuisine. How come? It is my humble endeavour in this post to educate the non-Bihari reader on the delights of the Bihari cuisine. Maybe us Biharis are to be blamed. When asked for our favourite meal, we just utter ―Daal-bhaatchokha‖. Or sometimes even ―maad-bhaatchokha‖. I am in love with the aforementioned stuff as well; I am a Bihari and I understand the delicacy of what other people would believe is rather pedestrian. And chokha, the exotic mashed potatoes with a liberal touch of mustard oil and a sprinkling of salt. Some would also add to it a burnt- and mashedred chilli to impart to it spiciness and an exotic taste.Bhaat, you exclaim is the mundane rice? Well, mundane the rice may be, but have you

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experimented with various types of rice? Usina chaawal (parboiled rice) or Arwaa chawal (the

Oh, you are not in favour of chaawal, at all, and you wish to try some alternate stuff? What about Janera ke khichdi? Khichdi made of corn? Or maybe you are a wheat afficionado. Multiple delicacies beckon you! Roti and paratha are

long-grained rice, with a flavour of its own? And either variety of rice is cooked with varying degrees of consistency, depending upon the family traditions passed down the centuries. A cousin of the above is maad-bhaat-

mundane. Maybe you should try some varieties ofmakuni. Makuni of different pedigrees. Makuni is what others would callbharwaan paratha. With either mashed potatoes, or phool-

chokha. Maad, the starchy fluid drained out of the pan (tasla) during an intermediate stage of cooking rice is used as a substitute to daal. Sometimes relished even without the chokha- with a piece of a pickle. Nimki, or the sour lemon pickle, made from large lemons, being a favourite. Sure there will be a quantity of maad left behind on your plate. Just lift up the cheepa, or chhipli (plate in Bhojpurispeak) to your lips and quaff the residual elixir! You find the above combos too cumbersome, all this effort to fix your daal-bhaat, or maad-bhaat? Fret not, you can always feast on khichdi, the ultimate comfort food. I have dwelt on this in much detail in earlier posts of mine. Suffice it to say that should you wish to have thekhichdi, do not forget its traditional accompaniments as mentioned in the following ditty: ―Khichdi ke chaar yaar, Dahi, papad, ghee, achaar.‖

gobhi(cauliflower), or murai (radish) as the filling. Technically correct. But this description equates it to the heavily commercial Punjabi fare and misses out on the unique combo of the Bihari spices, specially the two jewels in the spicy crown: ajwain and mangarial. Don‘t understand? Head out for a dinner with a Bihari family! The cuisine of Bihar is not limited

to chawal, roti alone. You should seek out the vegetables that the Biharis eat. Lauki, konhda, nenua, jheenga etc. But the king of all Bihar vegetables would be parwal. Parwal is rather unique to Bihar and to some other parts of the East. (Notably in Bengal, where it is called potol. In fact, the Bengalis are so fond of it, some of them even occasionally name their offspring, Potol!).

If you happen to come to our local market and see a throng of men and women around the rare shop

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that sells parwal, you can be sure that the customers are nearly all Biharis or Bengalis. Each one in the crowd pressing this little yellowspeckled green sabzi between his or her fingertips and evaluating if the parwal was ―fresh‖ or ―boodha‖ (over-ripe). Some would even break this tender vegetable between their fingers. If it gave way with a smart, crisp snap, then it was fresh (and by extension the entire lot). If it gave way reluctantly and ended up as a squishy mass then it was boodha! But why this lavish attention on parwal, a sabzi which rest of the country does not even bother to consider in their scheme of culinary activities? The simple answer is, they are not aware of the magic you can work with the imperial parwal. It can be made into a bhujiya (not to be confused with Haldiram, Bikaneri or generally speaking, the Rajsthani bhujiya- those are made of plain or spiced besan); sautéed slices of parwal with

mash some boiled parwal, throw in a few tablespoonfuls of mustard oil and spices, salt, to taste and you get parwal ka chokha. Or, you can even prepare a totally delightfulmithai with it. Just that instead of filling it with spices, stuff it

withkhowa and dry fruits. Parwal ki mithai! You said you do not quite enjoy green vegetables? Maybe you should try a combination of veggies and some other botanical produce as well! Like pieces of vegetables coated with a batter of gram flour-besan- and deep fried in oil. Sounds familiar? Of course this is bajkaa, aka ―pakoda‖ in all-India speak. Or would you prefer green leaves wrapped in a batter of besan; ―rinkwachch”? (Aka patra in Gujarati, one of those famous starters of a Gujarati thali, farsaan). If you really do want to avoid vegetables, worry not, the Bihar cuisine has khandera, cuboids of fried besan cooked in a spicy gravy. Best relished withchaawal. And so many other varieties! You want more adventures into Bihari cuisine? Wait a bit, I will soon write about the ubiquitous, and multi-faceted, ―sattu‖. Santosh Ojha

potato or on its own. (What a delight it is to crunch those lovely crisp parwal seeds!). It can be a gravy sabzi, combined either in glorious You isolation can or

with aloo.


each parwal and stuff it with a mix of spices- and you getkaluanji or bharwaan parwal. You could

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Leaders Inspire – Perspective on leadership style of M S Dhoni & Nitish Kumar ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------dimensions of their leadership style in their own sphere of influence. They have displayed

remarkably identical traits and style which really demonstrates similarity in their leadership style and ability to influence outcomes.

Communication is the key

Dhoni has always spoken his mind out on every aspect of Indian cricket. Often criticized for being It takes moment in life to make it special, dream of a generation, imagination of a nation, heartbeat of billions, and then the prayers finally were too blunt, he has never been a favorite of his bosses in BCCI. Nitish Kumar also stands out for being upfront and plain talks, he has often earned wrath of media, alliance partners and even his own team members for speaking his mind out. Another interesting aspect that stands out of Dhoni and Nitish is the way they have been humble and open enough to admit weaknesses. Dhoni didn‘t mince any words in castigating his fielders publicly and even accepted that few decisions didn‘t work to the plan. Celebrations still continue and what really stood out was the cool and razor sharp finesse which Dhoni displayed in his leadership style throughout the tournament. Perhaps he summed it up himself when he said how his decisions could have been questioned. But as lady luck had it, Dhoni will smile all the way to the glorious annals of cricketing history, perhaps the most successful India captain ever. One can‘t help but draw parallels of his leadership style with another great leader Nitish Kumar who was the Man of Year 2010 for bringing a ray of hope and faith in the murky theater of Indian politics. Nitish Kumar, Chief Minister of Bihar, won his world cup (Bihar elections) consecutively by transforming the electoral dynamics in Bihar. Both Nitish and Dhoni have uncanny similarities in the way they operate and bring out few unique One of the most inspiring aspects of both these leaders has been how they have struck to the basics of managing their teams. With limited resources at hand, they have ensured that they get the best out of each situation to work to their team‘s advantage and thereby imbibing the culture of self-belief and resilience. Despite India‘s limited worked with their teams to strive together as a team. As the captain of the team, both have been articulating there plans and vision for the teams. Likewise, Nitish has publicly rebuked his own party men and allies on many programs and policies. At the same time, one must acknowledge that they have set right goals,

answered. India lifted the world cup 2011 with great pride and emotions. What Dhoni and his men have achieved will remain etched in the memory of our generation forever. Tears of joy, cries of triumph, and a sense of gratitude filled our hearts as the realization of world cup victory finally sinks to the nation.

Get the best out of limited means

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bowling attack, Dhoni marshaled team well and always had an ace in his weak link whenever opposition came to bat. Though Indian bowling attack never looked lethal, but it was very effective and result oriented when it came to the

there till the end to give the final punch, and what a thump it was.

Nitish, just like Dhoni has always taken things head on and confronted his party members, policy makers on every public policy decision. He was the first one to come out and declare his assets when he enforced public declaration of assets and wealth owned by all public servants. They have both inspired there teams by their actions and has also given them hope in times of despair.

crunch. Dean Jones went to the extent of saying that Dhoni must be dreaming to win this world cup with current Indian bowling attack. With this victory, he has really proved that dreams do come true if only we work as a team.






under What‘s even more surprising is that both Dhoni and Nitish has been called the Obama

constraints, he never had the luxury to spend on public welfare programs, with limited resources and little financial aid he has been able to transfer a state by just ensuring that limited resources are put to optimum utilization. He has proved that good governance can lead to electoral success and one need not always fall back on petty politics of caste and chicanery to achieve political victory. Despite low per capita income & investment, lowest Credit deposit ratio in the country, Bihar has had the 2nd highest growth rate in the country for the last 5 years. Bihar chief minister got applauds from none other than Melinda Gates for his achievements in increasing the immunization rate in Bihar . ―In 2005, when Nitish Kumar became the chief minister of Bihar, the burden of disease in the state was massive. It also had a low immunization rate, 33 per cent compared to the global average of 70 per cent. By 2010, however, Bihar‘s rate had risen to 66 per cent,‖ said Melinda.

of cricket and politicsrespectively. Despite many parallels, both are believed to be inspiring leaders in their own rights.

Delegation, Decentralization & Team work

Gary Kirsten went on record to state how Dhoni gave him complete freedom to work in his areas. He said ―Dhoni was the man in charge once they crossed the rope‖ while he continued doing his job off the field. Great leaders are not the most talented; they realize they realize that as long as they get the best from everyone there job is done. Dhoni as a batsmen and wicket is not the greatest of all, but he helped the team achieve its peak with help of Kirsten and Sachin and other senior players. He has allowed every one the space to breathe and creating a sense of joint ownership with harmony.

Lead from the front

Unlike both Nitish and Dhoni predecessors, there was no noise in public space to display sense of

Boy.. who can question Dhoni on his ability to lead from the front ( though he remains behind the wicket). When it came to the rubber hitting the road, Dhoni stood up for the challenge like a true champion. Not only did he score well and took the battle back to the opposition, he ensured he is

being in control or vulgar display of authority on trivial issues. Nitish Kumar has delegated few key responsibilities to his key advisor N K Singh ( Rajya Sabha MP & Economist) & Deputy Chief Minister Sushil Modi. Just like Kirsten, N K Singh is believed to be the master strategist and close

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advisor of Nitish Kumar. Kumar also re-energized the local governments in the form of panchayats or assemblies, by giving them more responsibility for areas such as education.

Programmes like Sarva Shikhsa Abhiyan, Mid-Day Meal scheme, NREGS and innovative schemes to suit marginal sections, setting up of District Child Protection Units (DCPUs) are few firsts which Bihar has stood out under leadership of Nitish

Dare to dream and take risk

Kumar. His party has often warned him of losing his vote base but Nitish has always implemented

Both Dhoni and Nitish have been non-conformist in their decision making style. They have dared to risk their own stake by taking decisions that may have backfired. Dhoni‘s decision to drop Ashwin and take Nehra may have backfired but it proved otherwise in the match against Pakistan. Similarly, the decision to promote himself in the batting order during the final match would have come for severe criticism if he had failed to perform with the bat. His ability to back his team and stand for his decisions has really earned respect from his team and peers.

his ideas of development.

Humble beginning and private family life

Both Dhoni & Nitish have humble background and they continue to keep their family life very personal. Dhoni‘s father worked in MECON and his brother and sister have also stayed away from public eyes. His close friends still count on him for any support. Nitish has also kept his personal intensely private; his family has always been away from media eyes, not much is known about his brothers and only son.

Nitish has also charmed his followers and critics with his ability to implement out of box ideas which have had significant impact on social development in Bihar. Who would have imagined few years back that girls in Bihar would ride all the way to school and women‘s will get 50% reservations in panchayat. Today, Bihar‘s leads in various many initiatives, which other states are emulating. Author: Ajit Chauhan With all the glory and achievements, both of them there feet firmly stuck on the ground. They are indeed role models for today‘s youth and inspire everyone to dream the impossible.

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Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar': Whose Pen Literally Burnt the Page ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------If you are feeling down for some reason and you have a no idea how to fight it out. You want to prove something to the world and at the same time you are afraid of backlash, if failed.You want to stand up for the justice, but you are overpowered by the negativity around you. You are afraid of mighty. You are afraid of corrupt authorities. You are afraid of unsocial elements, bad systems,... and only God knows, what not! Can you look around and see, isn't there someone who can morally boost you, ignite your mind and fill the much needed fire inside you to fight all these? Fortunately, there is! The iconic leader Jaiprakash Narain during the The national poet Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar' is the name that strikes to my mind - the hardest. His coherent revolutionary writings are filled with real fires. The fire, that can burn your real enemies (fear) right-away. Emergency thundered the packed Ramlila Ground with 100,000 people, by reciting Dinkar's patriotic and provocative immortal lines, which he During India's freedom struggle, and being a freedom fighter himself, his heroic poetry extraordinary feat, which is possible only by the rare of rarest genius.

captivated the imagination of entire nation, which inspired the other freedom fighters and gave them the much needed strength and voice to fight till the end. Having such an impact of his powerful patriotic poetry and for evoking the nationalistic spirit he was hailed as aRashtrakavi ('national poet').

originally wrote against the Britsih rule in India.

Do raah samay ke rath ka ghar ghar naad suno, Singhasan Khaali Karo Ke Janata Aaati Hai! र क रथ क कर क
Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar'

र र !


(Give a way, listen the growing loud
Born in a poor Bhumihar Brahmin familiy in a small village Simariya, then only known for being situated on the bank of the holy river Ganga, in district Begusarai of Bihar; his journey from there to becoming the proverbial 'Sun' of Hindi literary world and recognition as a national poet including innumerable awards and honors is an Kshama (Strength

rebellious echo everywhere which are coming towards you. Vacate the throne, the people are coming!)
~~~ His persuasive poetry Shakti and Mercy) has aur an

unforgettable impact on mind; it fills its reader's

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heart and mind with immense energy, and at the same time gives the world a great lesson where he says your virtue of simplicity, kindness प ववक

प र !


and, forgiveness won't count much to your enemy; until you have the potential to defeat them. Here is the excerpt:(When the destruction is inevitable, the conscience of man dies first!) ~~~ Kshama shobhti us bhujang ko Jiske paas garal hao, Uska kya jo dantheen, Vishheen, vineet saral hao! व क रण रण , ! Yachna nahi ab rann hoga, Jeevan jai ya ki maran hoga!

क कप क व , व
~~~ Where in his Rashmirathi he raises his fierce voice against the sheer injustice met to

(Now, I will not crave for anything - but only war! Life will now be either for victorious glory or death!) ~~~

, , र !

Duryodhan! Rann aisa hoga, Phir kabhi nahi waisa hoga! रण रक व

, !

thePandavas, and declares war when Duryodhana tries to imprison the messenger Lord Krishna. And then, Krishna challenges him by saying:

(Duryodhan! This war will be such a devastating and terrible, it will never be repeated again!) ~~~ You can feel the energy it exudes from every

Zanjeer badha ab saadh mujhe, Haan-haan Duryodhan! bandh mujhe! र !

single word he penned. Most of his works are in veer rasa (brave mode). And, they are all treat to read.

, !

The tile 'Dinkar' (sun) with his name was aptly added later. He was truly a proverbial 'Sun' in Hindi literary world. His uncanny skill of declarative diction is unparalleled. He literally burnt the page

(Come forward Duryodhana! Capture and tie me in chain- if you can!) ~~~ Jab naash manuj pe chata hain, Pahle vivek mar jata hai!

with his pen.

He studied various languages like Hindi, Sanskrit, Maithili, Bengali, Urdu and English. Besides having a number of poetic and prose works, he also wrote few biographies and even translated

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other great works from other languages to Hindi, including Ravindra Nath Tagor's work in Bengala.

Padma Bhushan and Bharatiya Jnanpith besides being a nominated member of parliament in Rajya Sabha for three times. On his birth centenary in

So many other great writers like Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Harivansh Rai Bachchan,

2008, as







was unveiled in the Central Hall of Parliament of India by the Prime Minister of India, Dr.

Rambriksh Benipuri, Manmath Nath Gupt, Namvar Singh, Rajendra Yadav, ... and so many other greats have written about him and his contribution.

Manmohan Singh.

He was born on September 23, 1908 in village Dinkar's own literary works like 'Urvashi', Simariya of Begusarai District in Bihar and passed away on April 24, 1974 at the age of 65.

'Rashmirathi', 'Kurekshetra' and many others have been translated into English and various other languages by various other writers.

A loss that this nation couldn't fill!!

He got number of awards and recognitions for his illustrious works including Sahitya Akademi,

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Chasing a Mirage ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Eyes searching for a mate But, only loneliness is in my fate Life exist only in dreams and imaginations, I need something I need someone To keep me away from isolation I am stuck in a desert I am caught up in a sandstorm Searching for a shelter Searching for a home I am thirsty I have to assuage my thirst But how can i get aqua In this deadly desert But I am searching I am running I am panting I am gasping I am sweating profusely Winds are being my foe, blowing swiftly I am tired I am fed up I think its a nightmare And I should wakeup But, I have to accept this realism That it is not a dream I am running again In search of nectar In search of a fountain I have to survive I have to remain alive I am optimistic I have to fight After the darkness There is light Silver is flowing Below the horizon It will calm me From the giant sun I am shouting ―I am coming‖ ―I am coming‖ My voice scattering, spreading O life listen" I am coming" O Love listen "I am coming" Coming towards you Coming towards the rare dew I am chasing But, it is far I have kept chasing But, It is still far It is Calling me Calling me to caress Calling me to refresh But I am unable to be there I am falling I can not survive here Lips Are Drying Eyes Are Crying I am leaving this world I am dying I am dying without you I am dying in your absence But, every moment i have felt your presence I was coming to you You were going away I am a fool right now I was a fool then In this desert I was searching for you I was searching for a fountain Neither I got you Nor the rare dew I am wondering, how foolish I was When I was chasing a mirage Why I was chasing a mirage By Brajesh Kumar Singh 'Arahaan'

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2012 May be it is the end of world, May be it is the doomsday, May be it is the time when we have our lives to pay. May be its the start of a new world in a new way. 2012 2012 Please stay away I have a lot to do, i have a lot to say. I have to see a smile on my daddy's face, His son can also win the life's race. I have to show muma my love for her in my heart, I have to tell muma i dont wanted you to hurt. I have to make Michelle aware of my pain, I have to tell her about my love which she didnt understan(d). I have to blossom the deserts of my motherland, I have to bring here the magic wand. I have to shine like the giant sun, I have to do what anyone hasnt done. I have to narrate my children, the stories of fay. For the sake of my mom my daddy, i will have to stay. 2012 2012 go away, I have a lot to do a lot to say. By Brajesh Singh 'Arahan'

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I am Death
I am death, But I am afraid of you. I know its too contradicting. But, its really true. I am loosing my mercilessness, I am loosing my cruelity, Dont come closer, I am afraid of your purity. I am afraid of your generosity. You are crystal clear like dew. Thats why I am afraid of you. I have kissed millions of your fellows, But why my lips are shivering before kissing you. I can't embrace you, By Brajesh Kumar Singh 'Arahaan' I can't caress you. I am afraid of your chastity. I am afraid of your virginity. You are too tender. You are very new. Thats why I am afraid of you. Now, I can't harm you. I am regretful for what I was going to do. I am death But I am dying for you. Because I am afraid of you.

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Love's Journey by Rashmi Singh

Development and Soft Skills Trainer at Faridabad, near New Delhi. She is also running her independent centre for the same and is indebted to her students to keep her in touch with life. Having done her initial schooling from Notre Dame Academy, Patna, she has passed her secondary school from Loreto Convent, Ranchi.

Joint Secretary of her batch, she did graduation from Avila Convent (Patna Women‘s College). In her college days, she had had been actively involved in college activities, winning laurels, making her parents proud.

Marriage saw breaks in her studies. But an exceptionally keen student, she did her Master‘s in Political Science and M.B.A., in Human resources Love‘s Journey is the debut novel of Rashmi Singh, presently working as freelance Personality after the break.

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who‘ll rape you? Have you seen yourself, you While teaching English in Senior Sections of prestigious schools like Saint Mary‘s, Moradabad, Mount Carmel Hazaribag, Amar Singh School, Gorakhpur, Rashmi has watched life from very close quarters, which made her pen stronger day by day. Here is an excerpt form here Novel the Loves Journey which is fascinating and enchating to to read: The clamouring spectators had by now thoroughly started enjoying the scene and in fact were cheering them up; deciding their own sides to be reckoned with! This was certainly too much for Jennifer, who as a newcomer had not the oneThe real life scene was both hilarious and pathetic. The girl was blaming the new actor in the supporting role, trying to act smart and fresh with her. They both were hurling filthy abuses at each other. ―You motherfucker, don‘t you try your dirty hands on me – I‘m gonna suck the breath out of you! What do you mean by pinching my ass?‖ She growled at him, her big eyes almost bulging out. ―Hey hold on, who the fuck do you think you are huh – pinching your bloody old sagging ass – who is interested?‖ He retaliated almost the same way, ―You fucking asshole. Go and enter some dog‘s ass, so that he licks your bloody body craving for sex.‖ He seemed to be quite satisfied with his backfire, and looked at the gaping audience as though he had conquered the Everest. He further continued his unimaginable tirade, ―Rape you – thousandth of the courage as these youngsters were displaying. ―You filthy bastard, you were even trying to put your hands in my bra and pinch, you rascal, I‘ll see you. And who has gone old – me or you? And yes, how do you know about sagging asses? Oh . . . I forgot, after all you get all the oldies to fuck.‖ Jennie sat on a chair, shocked, unable to comprehend the real scene, completely appalled, remembering her days, when her young body too was badly scrounged by almost everyone on the sets, whoever had a chance! ―Hey guys c‘mon – wassup? C‘mon get ready for your shots,‖The dominating Director commanded and the transformation was magical. The recent wrestlers had suddenly transformed into amiable friends.....FROM LOVE'S JOURNEY blithering idiot. My ill luck that I have been pitched against you, you old haggard stinking bitch.‖ He continued showing his immense knowledge of the subject.

The Concept of a Nation ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------expanded or shrank, or their names changed with The belief that the British were instrumental in building a nation called India is often a result of looking at the concept of Nationalism from a Western Point of view and failing to look at the nebulous nature of the eternal entity that has been India. Unlike the modern nation states of Europe which took form in the 18th century, India was always a different setup. The current attempt of unification of Europe had already matured in India and China a millennium ago. Whether empires When it comes to political freedom, India had an enviable track record of a free nation which continued from 3000 BC to 1100 AD when some Northern kingdoms were subjugated by foreign invaders. Even if the Northern states were under time, the concept of a common and unique identity which distinguishes an Indian with an Afghan, Turk or European was always there, this difference of character was the nation which India strived for.

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the foreign rule, the rule of outsiders was never a bed of roses, the people resisted the foreign rule tooth and nail and there was never a period when some part was not up in rebellion. All this time, while the North was reeling under foreign

Author: Purnendu Singh

Pride of Bihar Culture- Ramayan Group -------------------------------------------------------Judging a person by ―what he is‖ can be more relied upon than judging by ―what he has‖. The main reason behind this maxim is that unlike the wealth (which can come by a single lottery ticket); character isn‘t developed in a single day but it requires a continuous interaction with the best moral & spiritual personalities in the surroundings.

invasions and occupation, the South not only remained free but also flourished. Barring a few exceptions, throughout the period, India was able to protect its ports, towns, trade centers and most importantly culture and free spirit.

As the Mughal Empire breathed its last, the Marathas rose in prominence and knit India from Arcot to Attuck in a common thread, ruling as a proxy for the Mughal Emperor whose diktats ran not far from the boundaries of Delhi. They were almost at the verge of becoming the greatest force India had seen in centuries when their young empire was dealt a death blow first by Ahmad Shah Abdali and then the British. The real change appeared with the arrival of White pirate turned traders. Even as the Marathas were reeling under the impact of the Third battle of Panipat, the British started stealing their territories sometimes by military might and most often by hook and crook.

In other words character comes from the culture. And preserving & maintaining a culture is a very vital task for a civilization & can be well understood by the Ramayan group of a small village named Chamgarh in Bihar.

Introduction to function of Ramayan Group-

Ramayan group is active in village Chamgarh, Bihar. There are around 15 members who assemble on Sunday evenings to sing the holy verses of the Holy Ramayan in houses of people of the village. A list of the interested people is prepared & their houses are consulted serially to complete the target of reading whole book during

The 19th century saw the decline of a great nation as never witnessed before. Like cancer, the British ate away in the economy, polity and culture of a country and made sure that even though they were to be driven off by the end of 1946, the scars they had left on the nation would continue to bleed for the decades to come. To understand the mentality that praises the British for contributing towards India, one would have to look at the analogy of a house owner who has been robbed of a last article he had in house. Now since the robber was so loaded with the goods, he had to leave his dagger in the house; and the robbed is happy that he got a new dagger.

one year time with approximately 11 verses sung by the group along with the aarty & Sri Hanuman Chalisa in one Sunday evening. After completion of one year a ceremony is organized by the group in which many saints from far off villages are called & on the very next day whole of Holy Ramayan is sung continuously for next 24 hours. After that the practice of singing of 11 verses per Sunday evening is continued for next one year.

History of Ramayan group

As per the head representative, the Ramayan group was started around 1964 under name ―Bhramanshil Manas Prachar Prasar‖ by Shri

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Bholanath Kinker of Maldhia, Purnia to spread the teachings from the holy Ramayan beyond the temples & directly to the door step of the people. From then onwards many people served this group for sake of the preservation & maintenance of this culture.

the environment of the village has changed positively & the inclination of the people towards the spiritual world has increased. Now people also use Ramayan group`s performance on special occasions like ― Mundan‖, job approval of their

family members etc. The dedication of the members are worth seeing during the 24 hour

Challenges for the Ramayan group

continuous singing, one singer is replaced by the other after a fixed time. Even old persons in 60`s

The group faced the challenge to its existence due to the increase in inclination of village people towards the dramatic city life & the non monetary benefits for the group members but thanks to Shri. Rabindra Kumar (Ex- Senior executive engineer) who understood the group & its contribution towards the preservation of the culture and hence supported the group with his full potential & integrated Ramayan with the scientific values to give a new shape to it. The holy Ramayan was read from past many years but the presentation of it in a new way gave many fruitful results & helped in spiritual development of the village.

have a night out for the Ramayn singing.

The youngest member of this group needs special mention, he is mentally not so sound but is very active in Ramayan activity, he arranges the serial list, announces any new news to all members during non working days etc..

Future of the group-

The group is now strong enough to exist several years but the visionary idea of Mr Anupam Yadav (IIT Kanpur alumni & IIM Calcutta student) suggested the global exposure of this group with stage performance under a responsible &

Present Scene of Ramayan Group

educated person for the welfare of the group & members & finally the society.

A tree can be known by the fruits it gives.

Headed by Mr. Rabindra Kumar from 2005 onwards, group has very dedicated members &

Contributed by: Apurv Yadav

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