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Program Description: We will be creating a start up program that will call this function and open a n ew transaction for VL03N, and it will skip the first screen while supplying the delivery order number and display the delivery order screen. Here s the ABAP sample source code. Z_CALL_NEW_TASK. WRITE:/ WRITE:/ WRITE:/ This is your main Program . You will see a new session program . Opened after this program is active .
DATA : lv_skscr(1) TYPE c VALUE X , lv_vbeln LIKE LIKP-VBELN VALUE 5572000119', l_st_prscr TYPE tpara, l_it_scrprm TYPE TABLE OF tpara. CLEAR l_st_prscr. CLEAR l_it_scrprm. l_st_prscr-paramid = VL . l_st_prscr-partext = lv_vbeln. APPEND l_st_prscr TO l_it_scrprm. CALL FUNCTION CC_CALL_TRANSACTION_NEW_TASK STARTING NEW TASK VL03N DESTINATION NONE EXPORTING transaction = VL03N skip_first_screen = X TABLES paramtab = l_it_scrprm EXCEPTIONS communication_failure = 97 system_failure = 98 OTHERS = 99. IF sy-subrc = 0. Success ELSEIF sy-subrc = 97. Communication Failure EXIT. ELSEIF sy-subrc = 98. System Failure EXIT. ELSE. EXIT. ENDIF.
Tutorial1 A ADD for single fields Adds two single fields. ALIASES Defines class-specific alias names for an interface component in ABAP objects.. This is equivalent to: <m> = <m> + <n>. Syntax ADD-CORRESPONDING <struc1> TO <struc2>. If <n1>... Syntax ADD <n> TO <m>. Syntax ALIASES <alias> FOR <intf~comp>. <alias> is defined within a class or interface as synonymous with the interface component <intf~comp>. APPEND . Syntax ADD <n1> THEN <n2> UNTIL <nz> GIVING <m>. these fields are added and the result is stored in <m>. The contents of <n> are added to the contents of <m> and the results are stored in <m>. ADD-CORRESPONDING Adds subfields of structures. <n2>. to include <m> in the sum.. All the subfields of the structures <struc1> and <struc2> having the same name a re added and the results are stored in <struc2>. ADD <n1> THEN <n2> UNTIL <nz> TO <m>. ADD <n1> FROM <m1> TO <mz> GIVING <m>. and to perform the operation on a sequence of fields that directly follow one another. <nz> is a sequence of fields with the same distance to one an other and if they have the same type and length.ABAP SYNTAX . ADD for field sequences Adds sequences of fields in storage. Different variants allow you to limit fields to a subse quence. ADD <n1> THEN <n2> UNTIL <nz> ACCORDING TO <sel> GIVING <m>.
The CASTING addition per mits you to cast data objects when assigning field symbols. In Unicode programs. The data object to which the data reference refers is assigned to field symbol <FS>. ]. but this can be extended with RANGE. AT PFn. AT USER-COMMAND. Syntax APPEND <line> LINES OF <jtab> TO <itab> [ASSIGNING <FS> REFERENCE INTO <dref>]. standard access is possible up to the boundary of the data segment and can be limited with RANGE. If you use ASSIGNING or INTO REFERENCE.. AT for group change . Syntax ASSIGN <f> [INCREMENT <n>] TO <FS> [CASTING [TYPE <t> LIKE <f>] [DECIMALS <d>]] [RANGE <r>]. After the addition INCREMENT <n>. standard access is only allowed withi n the field limits of <f>.. The RANGE addition d efines the storage area in which either offset/length accesses or the INCREMENT addition are allowed. User actions on a selection screen or on a list trigger certain events in the AB AP runtime environment. ASSIGN Assigns a field to a field symbol. In non-Unicode p rograms.Appends a line or multiple lines to the end of an index table. The event keywords define event blocks that are called w hen events occur. A line <line> or multiple lines of an internal table <jtab> are appended to inde x table <itab>. Data object <f> is assigned to field symbol <FS>. AT for event blocks Event keywords for defining event blocks for screen events. Syntax AT SELECTION-SCREEN. Syntax ASSIGN <dref>->* TO <FS> [CASTING . AT LINE-SELECTION. Dereferencing of the data reference in <dref>. Pointed brackets are part of the syntax for field symbol names. the storage area that is offset <n> time s by a length of <f> starting with <f> is assigned to the field symbol. <FS> now points to the data ob ject. field symbol <FS> refers to the appended line or the relevant data reference is stored in <dref> after t he statement...
.... <f1>. <f1>. Syntax AT NEW <f>. Interrupts execution of the program and goes to debugging mode.. .. Syntax BREAK-POINT. AT END OF <f>. ID <name10> FIELD <f10>. Positions the list output either in the first column of the first line following the page header of the current page or in connection with RESERVE in the first column of the first line of a line block..Change of group when processing loops of extracts and internal tables. They introduce statement blocks that must be closed with ENDAT. <name10> are the authorization fields of the authorization object. AT <fg>. The statements between AT and ENDAT are only executed if the corres ponding group change occurred. Syntax AUTHORITY-CHECK OBJECT <object> ID <name1> FIELD <f1> ID <name2> FIELD <f2> . The value of the data objects is checked against the authorization fields. There is a check if the program user has all the authorizations defined in autho rization object <object>.. AUTHORITY-CHECK Checks user authorization. <f10> are data objects of the prog ram. <name1>.. BREAK-POINT Calls the Debugger. B BACK Relative position of the output in a list. The statements are used to process group levels within a loop using an extract d ataset or an internal table. Syntax BACK. Is used as a tes .... AT LAST. AT FIRST.
Syntax CALL CUSTOMER-FUNCTION <func>..... i. i. [CHANGING .. The function modules must be programmed and activated within the customer's modification concept. depending on the variant of the statement you use. Similar to CALL FUNCTION... You can also call functions asyn chronously. Syntax CALL FUNCTION <func> [EXPORTING . [TABLES ... You can ca ll update modules when processing transactions. It does not have to be started using a transaction code. or one from a n external system.... [EXCEPTIONS. CALL DIALOG Calls a dialog module. fi = a i. ] ] ] ] ] The program calls either a function module in the same R/3 System.. ] [USING itab]. fi fi fi fi ei = = = = = a a a a r i.t help... The other additions are used to specify actual parameters for the pa rameter interface for the function module. i.. and to handle exceptions. A dialog module is an ABAP program with a sequen ce of screens. [DESTINATION <dest>] [IN UPDATE TASK] [STARTING NEW TASK] [IN BACKGOUND TASK]. CALL METHOD Calls a method in ABAP Objects. <func>... C CALL CUSTOMER-FUNCTION Calls the customer function modules. [IMPORTING .... Syntax CALL DIALOG <dialog> [AND SKIP FIRST SCREEN] [EXPORTING. CALL FUNCTION Calls the function modules. like the calling program. i. Normal program processing is interrupted when this statement is reached and the system goes to a debugger... . ] [IMPORTING..... fi = a i. Calls the dialog module <dial>. or run i n the same SAP LUW.. The additions are used to skip the initial screen in the sequence and specify actual parameters for the parameter interface of the dialog module...
] [CHANGING . CALL SCREEN Calls a screen sequence.. <ei> =.. Calls a selection screen defined in an ABAP program. <ii> =. Syntax CALL SCREEN <scr> [STARTING AT <X1> <Y1>] [ENDING AT <X2> <Y2>].. The additions let you call a single screen in a new window. Calls a method <meth>. <m>.<g i>. The las t two additions pass parameters dynamically in a dynamic method call. <ci> =. The additions let you ca ll a selection screen in a new window... )....<f i>. Alternativ ely. You can also use functional methods with this syntax in operand position s. Syntax CALL SELECTION-SCREEN <scr> [STARTING AT <x1> <y 1>] [ENDING AT <x2> <y 2>].Syntax CALL METHOD <meth> [EXPORTING ... of the OLE2 Automation Object. <obj>. Syntax CALL METHOD OF <obj> <m>. ] [PARAMETER-TABLE <ptab>] [EXCEPTION-TABLE <etab>].<f i>. Calls the method. The selection screen is pro cessed in the program in the AT SELECTION-SCREEN event.. All the screens in the screen sequence belong to the current ABAP program. CALL TRANSACTION .. Calls the sequence of screens that begins with the screen <scr>. the parameters can be specified using p arenthesis notation (as you can when specifying parameters in a CALL METHOD stat ement). <ei> = r i.. [CALL METHOD]<meth>( ... CALL METHOD OF Calls a method in OLE2 Automation. if the method is called statically. The screen sequence ends when the program reaches the screen numbered 0. ] [RECEIVING r = h ] [EXCEPTIONS... CALL SELECTION-SCREEN Calls a selection screen.. The additions are used to specify actual parameters for t he parameter interface for the function module and to handle exceptions. ] [IMPORTING .
processing within the loop is interrupted at the curre . which ends with an ENDCATCH statement. If it is false.Call a transaction. Calls the transaction <tcod> after having received data from the calling program . Opens a CASE control structure that ends with an ENDCASE statement. If a catchable r untime error <excepti>. the system returns to the statement following the call in the calling report.. <except n> = <rc n>. If the logical expression <logexp> is true. based on the contents of a data object. <cxn> [INTO <ref>]. Syntax CATCH SYSTEM-EXCEPTIONS <except1> = <rc 1>. You can use INTO to place a reference to the exception object into the reference variable <ref>. Introduces a CATCH area. CATCH Catches a class-based exception. You can only use this statement in a TRY-ENDTRY block. CASE Conditional branch. CHECK Conditionally leaves a loop or processing block. At the end of the transaction that has been called. Syntax CALL TRANSACTION <tcod> [AND SKIP FIRST SCREEN] [USING <itab>]. the current processin g block is interrupted. the system continues with the next s tatement. The additions are used to sk ip the initial screen in the sequence or to pass a batch input table to the tran saction. CATCH SYSTEM-EXCEPTIONS Catches a catchable runtime error. where you define a handle r for one or more class-based exceptions. The CASE con trol structure allows you to control which statement blocks (introduced by WHEN) are processed. Syntax CHECK <logexp>.... CATCH <cx1> . occurs between CATCH and ENDCATCH. The system jumps to the appropriate ENDCATCH statement a nd fills SY-SUBRC with <rc i>. Syntax CASE <f>.
which cannot be instantiated. from a superclass. CLASS Implementation Implements a class in ABAP Objects.] [DEFERRED] [LOAD]. The DEFERRED addition makes the cla ss known to the program before it is declared. Th e PUBLIC addition is generated only by the Class Builder. <cif> tha t can access the private components of the class and instantiate objects of the class. Static attributes are not instance-specific. FRIENDS allows you to specify other classes or interfaces.. independently of the CREATE addition. It defines a global cl ass in the Class Library. the attribute <a> is declared as a static attribute. Like DATA. CLASS-METHODS Declares static methods of a class or interface.nt loop pass. Syntax CLASS <class> DEFINITION [PUBLIC] [INHERITING FROM <superclass>] [ABSTRACT] [FINAL] [CREATE PUBLIC PROTECTED PRIVATE] [FRIENDS <cif1> <cif 2> . The implementation part ends with ENDCLASS and contains the implementation of all the components of the class. However. Otherwise the system leaves t he current processing block. you can use an extra variant of the CHECK statement.. Introduces the declaration part of a class. and the next loop pass is performed. Syntax CLASS-DATA <a>. Their content is shared by all instances. In conjunction with selection tables. Syntax CLASS <class> IMPLEMENTATION. The declaration part ends w ith ENDCLASS and contains the declaration of all the components of the class. Introduces the implementation part of a class. <class>. The CREATE addition specifies who can instantiate the class. and inside GE T events. <class>. <class>. Syntax . The ABSTRACT addition defines an abs tract class.. The FINAL addition defines a class th at cannot have any subclasses.. CLASS Declaration Declares a class in ABAP Objects. CLASS-DATA Declares static attributes of a class or interface. The LOAD addition loads a class e xplicitly from the Class Library. The INHERITING FROM addition lets you derive the class . <superclass>.
except that the method <meth> is declared as a static method. Like METHODS. the system execut es the statements between CLEANUP and ENDTRY. except that the event <evt> is declared as a static attribute. CLEANUP Tidies up after class-based exceptions.. If a class-based exception is not caught with a CATCH statement. Closes a cursor opened with OPEN CURSOR. is set to an initial value appro priate to its type. before passing the exception along the call hierarchy. Can only be used within a TRY-ENDTRY block.. Syntax CLEAR <f>. CLOSE DATASET Closes a file. CLEANUP.. which can have any data type. A st atic method can access static attributes and can only trigger static events. Closes a file opened with OPEN DATASET on the application server. Like EVENTS. Stat ic events are the only type of event that can be triggered in a static method.. Syntax CLOSE DATASET <dsn>. CLOSE CURSOR Closes a database cursor. Syntax CLOSE CURSOR <c>. CLASS-EVENTS Declares static events of a class or interface. Syntax CLASS-EVENTS <evt>. COLLECT . where it defines a control block.CLASS-METHODS <meth>. The variable <f>. CLEAR Sets a variable to its initial value.
COMMUNICATION RECEIVE ID <id> [additions]. If you use ASSIGNING or INTO REFERENCE. field symbol <FS> refers to the in serted line or the relevant data reference is stored in <dref> after the stateme nt. Syntax COMPUTE <n> = <expression>. I f there is no corresponding entry already in the table. the COLLECT statement ha s the same effect as INSERT. creates. but adds the contents of the numeri c fields in the work area <line> to the contents of the fields in the existing e ntry. updating is asynchronous. If an entry with the same key already exists. and then closes the connectio n. Triggers up dating. COMMUNICATION SEND ID <id> BUFFER <f> [additions]. The system checks whether there is already a table entry that matches the key. Syntax COMMUNICATION INIT DESTINATION <dest> ID <id> [additions]. COMPUTE Performs numeric operations. and accepts communication between two progra ms. The statement initializes. Otherwise. Syntax COLLECT <line> INTO <itab> [ASSIGNING <FS> REFERENCE INTO <dref>]. COMMUNICATION ACCEPT ID <id> [additions].Aggregates lines and then adds them to an internal table. COMMUNICATION Enables two programs to communicate with each other. COMMUNICATION ALLOCATE ID <id> [additions]. the C OLLECT statement does not append a new line. Syntax COMMIT WORK [AND WAIT] Writes all the database changes and releases all the database locks. The AND WAIT addition forces the program to wait until the system has fi nished updating the database. lets these two programs send and receive data. The result of the mathematical operation specified in <expression> is assigned t . COMMUNICATION DEALLOCATE ID <id> [additions]. COMMIT Closes a SAP LUW.
CONCATENATE Concatenates (chains) several strings to a string. CONSTANTS Declares constant data objects. CONTINUE Ends a loop pass. In Unicode pr ograms. you must specify whether the statement is a character or byte operation. This statement terminates the current loop pass and starts the next CONTEXTS Declares a context. Syntax CONSTANTS <c>. CONDENSE Removes spaces from a string Syntax CONDENSE <c> [NO-GAPS]. Syntax CONTEXTS <c>. <cn> INTO <c> [ SEPARATED BY <s> ] [IN BYTE MODE IN CHARACTER MODE].. VALUE [<val> IS INITIAL]. Syntax CONCATENATE <c1>. This statement concatenates the strings <c1> to <cn> and assigns the result to < c>..o the field <n>. and t hat internal tables and deep structures cannot be declared as constants The star t value specified in the VALUE addition cannot be changed during the execution o f the program.. This statement removes any leading blanks from the field <c> and replaces other sequences of blanks by exactly one blank. . using the IN BYTE MODE or IN CHARACTER MODE (default) additions. Syntax CONTINUE.... The syntax is similar to DATA. The addition SEPARATED BY <s> allows you to specify a character field <s> wh ich is placed in its defined length between the individual fields. If the addition NO-GAPS is specified. The keyword COMPUTE is optional. all blanks are removed. except that the VALUE addition is required. Only possible within loops.
This displays data in a particular format on a screen. Syntax CONVERT DATE <d1> INTO INVERTED-DATE <d2>. Defines an ABAP runtime object <ctrl>. CONVERT DATE <d> TIME <t> INTO TIME STAMP <tst> TIME ZONE <tz>. which you can use to create context instances CONTROLS Defines a control. If <d1> and <d2> are date fields in the internal form YYYYMMDD. CONVERT INVERTED-DATE <d1> INTO DATE <d2>. CONVERT for Text Converts a text into a format that can be sorted alphabetically. th e most recent date has the smaller numerical value CONVERT for Timestamps Converts a timestamp into the correct date and time for the current time zone Syntax CONVERT TIME STAMP <tst> TIME ZONE <tz> INTO DATE <d> TIME <t>.Generates an implicit data type CONTEXT_<c>. <ctrl_type> may be a table control or tabstrip control CONVERT für Dates Converts a data into an inverted date form. As long as <tst> has type P(8) or P(11) with 7 decimal placed. and <tz> has type C(6). Syntax CONTROLS <ctrl> TYPE <ctrl_type>. depending on the type <ctrl_type> Currently. the nines comple ment of <d1> is placed in field <d2> and vice versa. <text> must have type C and <x> must have type X. In inverted date format. the time stamp <tst> will be converted to the correct date <d> and time < t> for the time zone <tz>. . Syntax CONVERT TEXT <text> INTO SORTABLE CODE <x>. The string is then converted s o that the relative order of the characters allows them to be sorted alphabetica lly in the current text environment CREATE DATA Creates a dynamic data object.
<fi>. <ii> =. If <oref> is a typed cla ss reference variable with reference to a subclass of <class>. CREATE DATA <dref> TYPE TYPE LIKE <tabkind> OF <linetype> WITH <key>. If <dref> is a data reference variable.. CREATE OBJECT in OLE2 Automation Instantiates an external object in OLE2 Automation. to establish the dynamic type of the reference variables. Syntax CREATE OBJECT <obj> <class>. ]. CREATE DATA <dref> TYPE REF TO DATA <type>.Syntax CREATE DATA <dref> TYPE <type> LIKE <obj>. a data object of the specified type is c reated. You can omit the TYPE dec laration in fully-typed reference variables. defined with reference to a class. <cref> must be a reference variable. Syntax CREATE OBJECT <oref> [TYPE <class>] [EXPORTING .. whose interface is implemented in the class <cla ss>. CREATE O BJECT then creates an object of that class. CREATE OBJECT in ABAP Objects Instantiates an object in ABAP Objects. The EXPORTING addition specifies the non-optional IMPORTING parameters of the instance constr uctor of the class of the instantiated object. an initial object <obj> of this class is created . to which the reference in <cref> the n points The reference in <dref> points to this object. The reference in <dref> points to this object... If <class> is a class assigned to an automation server. you can specify the class of the instantiated object explicitly in a TYPE a ddition. or if <oref> is a n interface reference variable. CREATE DATA <dref> TYPE LINE OF <itab> LIKE LINE OF <itab>.
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