You are on page 1of 7

32 bar aabc form please note that the melody is written in a simplified form, and is a guide only, embellishments

& syncopation are expected

Autumn Leaves

j > j > j >


major ii v i in b flat

mark@jazzpiano.co.nz

this indicates that the feel is swung not straight 8ths

medium A1
comping rhythm 1

for A sections minor ii v i in g only

bb c &
Am7( ! 5)

Cm7

b &b w 6

A2

b Cm7 b w & 10 b &b w 14

a locrian #2

major ii v i in b flat

. .

D7( # 5 # 9 )

c dorian

> . j

F7

f mixolydian b flat major e flat lydian

d superlocrian

F7

n #

Gm (maj7 )

.
. j > j > j >

B !maj7

j >

E !maj7

g jazz minor

minor ii v i in g

Am7( ! 5)

b &b 18
22

minor ii v i in g

Am7( ! 5) Cm7

D7( # 5 # 9 )

B !maj7


D7( # 5 # 9 )

Gm(maj7 )


E !maj7

. .

w w

bb w & &b

major ii v i in b flat

F7

. J

Gm(maj7 )

26

b
minor ii v i in g

minor ii v i in g

Am7( ! 5) Am7( ! 5)

B !maj7

D7( # 5 # 9 )

E !maj7

#
B !7

C7

major ii v in F

Gm7

30

bb . &

D7( # 5 # 9 )

g dorian e.g.

major ii v in e flat

Fm7

Gm (maj7 )

f dorian e.g.

( )

Modes for Autumn Leaves


34

mark@jazzpiano.co.nz

scales & modes are a group of notes, a pool if you like from which you can draw your ideas

& & &

bb bb bb

Cm7

c dorian mode (2nd mode of B flat major scale, or c major scale with lowered 3rd and 7th)

F7

36

f mixolydian mode (5th mode of B flat major scale, or f major scale with lowered 7th)

B !maj7

38

b &b 40
42

b flat major scale

E !

& & & & &

bb bb bb bb bb

e flat lydian mode (4th mode of B flat major scale, or E flat major scale with raised 4th)

Am7( ! 5)

a locrian #2 mode (6th mode of c jazz minor scale, or natural minor scale with lowered 5th)

D7( # 5 # 9 )

44

d superlocrian mode (7th mode of E flat jazz minor, also called altered and half whole scale)

Gm (maj7 ) Gm7 Fm7

46

g jazz minor scale (melodic minor ascending)

48

g dorian mode, or c mixolydian mode (same notes)

n b

C7

B !7

50

f dorian mode, or b flat mixolydian mode (same notes)

Jazz Swing Quavers


play this scale and articulation
52

mark@jazzpiano.co.nz

&b

12 8 c

now play this in 12/8 time

55

b & b 12 8 b &b c &b b

j j j j j j j w. J w w

Now add an accent to the off-beat note

58

> > > > > > > >

Now play the slurred notes at full value (don't shorten) but with less emphasis

61

} > }>} k > }> }>} k k k > }> k k k >

This is an exaggerated rough guide to jazz swing feel and phrasing note length, weight of accent etc are all open to personal interpretation the shape of the melody and use of different rhythms will also determine the articulation used The only real way to get an idea of jazz swing is by listening to recordings made by great players

Voicings For Autumn Leaves


64

mark@jazzpiano.co.nz

&

bb

Cm7

ww w w

F7

bb w & ww 66 w
68

B !maj7

ww w w w w w w

E !maj7

&

bb b b

n ww w w
Gm7

Am7( ! 5)

nw n# ww w

D7( # 5 # 9 )

71

&b &b

72

Fm7

C7

w # ww note: you may want to play w

Gm(maj7 )

this chord using f natural instead of f sharp, try it out!

B !7

Chords can be divided into 3 groups, major, minor, and dominant Learn to recognise a major ii v i progression & the qualities of the chords involved (m7, 7, Maj7) Learn to recognise a minor ii v i progression & the qualities of the chords involved (m7b5, 7(alt), Min7 Your chord must contain at least the 3rd and 7th (guide tones) Build your chord from either the 3rd or the 7th upwards (there are usually 2 voicings per chord) Avoid playing the root in your voicings Keep movement between chords to a minimum (just like J.S. Bach!!) Extend the m7 and maj7 chord to the 9th with the 5th Extend the dominant chord to the 13th using the 9th (omit 5th) Use alterations on the dominant chord especially in a minor ii v i

Nomenclature of jazz chords

mark@jazzpiano.co.nz

There are 3 types of chord group, major, minor, and dominant. When you are reading chord charts you will need to be able to recognise which symbol belongs to which group. Often beginning improvisers get confused between a dominant chord and a major chord, whilst only a semitone different, the function of the chord is ENTIRELY different.

Here are common ways major chords are written

73

bb & bb & bb & &b b

B!

B !maj7

B !J

B !M7

Here are common ways minor chords are written

77

C-

Cmin7 F9

C-7 F13 A

Cm7

Here are common ways dominant 7 chords are written

81

F7

Here are the 2 ways a half diminished chord is written

84

Am7( ! 5)

Please note that jazz use extensions such as 9th, and 13th rather than 2nd and 6th to imply that the interval is ADDED to the existing chord and doesnt replace a note. e.g. C9 means a C7 plus a 2nd, Csus2 would imply that the 3rd is replaced by the 2. A C6 chord is just a c triad with the 6 added, however a C13 is a dominant chord. Jazz musicians will usually play a C7 with either a 9th or 13th anyway, so C7, C9, & C13 are the same practically.

Blues scales for Autumn Leaves


86

what b B flat blues - you may wish to try this scale over autumn leaves, see you think! b &b n b 88

&

bb

G blues - This is a good blanket scale to use when your brain aches from thinking too much!

Change running exercises


90

mark@jazzpiano.co.nz

& &

bb bb b

Cm7

>> >> etc.


F7

94


B !maj7


B !maj7

98

&b


Cm7
1

Digital pattern exercises


1
102

bb n & b 105
108

&b

E !maj7
2


3 5 3 2 1

F7
1

Am7( ! 5)
2

1 etc.

D7( # 5 # 9 )

b &b & bb
Cm
3

Gm (maj7 )

110

b &b 112


B !maj7
4 5 7 5 4

F7

3 etc.

E !maj7

Jazz lines (ideas)


114

mark@jazzpiano.co.nz

bb & bb &

Cm7

Cm7

117

What makes a solo interesting?

n b b
3

n b

F7

b b
F7

B !maj7

B !maj7

Repetition, Sequence, Dynamics, Range (high, low etc), Accents, Rest and Silence, Rhythmic Variation Variety (but not too much), Blues scale, Tension and Release, Motifs Knowing where the guide tones are (3 and 7) Trills, Glissandos, Swoops, Staccato etc Emphasise pretty sounding notes, 7ths, 9ths, #4ths Always try to buiid your solo, tell a story and make it go somewhere Above all of this, the main thing you need to do is LISTEN, it helps swing feel, improvisation, style and generally helps you build a solid jazz vocabulary!

What do I do now?

Practise Swing rhythms over familiar scales Practice major 251 in both hands through cycle of 4ths, best choice Practice major 251 in left hands through cycle of 4ths, play 251 exercise in right hand practising swing rhythms Seperate Chords types and practise through cycle, chromatically and randomly until you know the chords quickly Practise minor 251 in left hand , best choice Practise minor 251 in left hand, play 251 exercise using Locrian #2, Superlocrian, and Jazz Minor scales Buy a real book and play chords from any tune making yourself fluent with your new jazz voicings Buy Jamey Aebersold backing tracks and play along either with chords & tune or try soloing over the changes too! Just play, be creative, listen and have fun playing jazz! There is a huge recourse of jazz tutorial material available to buy and study, or book a series of private lessons from a tutor, study at one of the jazz courses available in both Auckland based universities.