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ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (Electrical Machines and Appliances) THEORY - I VOCATIONAL EDUCATION Higher Secondary - First Year A Publication under Government of Tamilnadu Distribution of Free Textbook Programme (NOT FOR SALE ) Untouchability is a Sin Untouchability is a Crime Untouchability is Inhuman TAMILNADU TEXTBOOK CORPORATION College Road, Chennai - 600 006. © Government of Tamilnadu First Edition - 2010 CHAIRPERSON Mr. K. GOVINDASAMY Senior Lecturer Electrical Bhakthavatsalam Polytechnic College, Kanchipuram - 631 552 AUTHORS Mr. A. RAMESH Mr. R. Balamurugan Vocational Instructor Vocational Sastructor Govt. Model Hr. Sec. School Govt. Model Hr. Sec. School Saidapet, Chennai - 15 Saidapet, Chennai - 15. Mr. V.V. Shanmugadoss Mr. P. Muthusamy Vocational Teacher Vocational Instructor Govt. Hr. Sec. School Govt. Boys Hr. Sec. School Perunagar Namakkal South Kanchipuram - 603 404 ‘Namakkal Mr. Kasinathan Vocational Instructor General Kariappa Hr. Sec. School Saligramam Chennai - 600 093 This book has been prepared by The Directorate of School Education on behalf of the Government of Tamilnadu This book has been printed on 60 GSM Paper Printed by Offset at: HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND APPLIANCES, Syllabus forXi Standard ‘Theory I (ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING) 1. INTRODUCTION OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING Introduction ~methods of power generation —electrical safety ~ safety precautions of electrician —electric shock — preventive method of electric shock - first aid. 2. MATERIALS AND TOOLS USED IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT Electric conductor—types of electric conductor — properties of electric conductor— electrical insulating materials — properties types of insulating materials —clectrical accessories—typesof switches ~ fuse unit - socket - ceiling rose— hand tools. 3. ELECTRICAL TERMS AND DC CIRCUITS Current — voltage —resistance — ampere —volt—ohms—ohm’s law~capacitance—krichot’s, law - electrical circuit — closed electric circuit — open electric circuit~ electric short circuit - series circuit parallel cireuit ~series parallel circuit— power — energy calculation. 4. ELECTRO MAGNETISM. ‘Magnetic materials Blectro magnet - magnetic effect due to curtent—flemmning’s right hand rule—max-well’s cork screw rule— magnetic field in the coil -end rule ~magnetic reaction when the current passing in a conductor in same direction and opposite direction —Faraday’s electro magnetic induction —induced electro motive force — statically induced e.m.{~self.and mutual induced e.m.f lenz’s law—hysterisis hysterisis loop —cnergy stored in a magnetic filed. $8, ELECTRICAL EFFECT Electricalenergy = —=—=—_Lightenergy (lamp-CFL) Electricalenergy = ~~ Sound energy (Bell Syren) Electrical energy = -—= Magnetic energy (Eilectromagnet) Electrical Energy = ~—=—- Heat Energy (Iron box) electrical energy - Chemical energy (Blectroplating~ Battery charging) electrical energy = Mechanical energy (Electric Motor) 6. BATTERIES Battery — types of Batteries —psimary cells ~ secondary cells ~ difference between primary cells and secondary cells ~ Lead acid cell —-recharge batteries — watch cell UPS.