Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution

Qualcomm Incorporated November 2007

Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution

Table of Contents

[1] Executive Summary ......................................................................... 1 [2] Introduction and Overview ............................................................... 2 2.1 What is HSPA+?...................................................................... 3 [3] HSPA+ Doubles Data Capacity and Reduces Cost ........................ 4 3.1 Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO)..................................... 6 3.2 Higher Order Modulation (HOM) ............................................. 7 3.3 Discontinuous Transmission (DTX) and Discontinuous Reception (DRX)..................................................................... 7 [4] HSPA+ Provides Three Times Increased Voice Capacity............... 8 [5] Higher Data Capacity through VoIP............................................... 10 [6] Enhanced User Experience Benefits ............................................. 11 [7] HSPA+ Offers an Entire Range of IP Services .............................. 12 7.1 VoIP Enables Rich Services.................................................. 13 7.2 VoIP Simplifies Fixed Mobile Convergence .......................... 14 [8] Backward Compatibility and Leverage in a Large 3G Ecosystem. 15 [9] The Optimal Solution in 5 MHz ...................................................... 16 [10] Conclusion ................................................................................... 18


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extended talk time and a true “always-on” experience. HSPA+ doubles the data capacity and increases voice capacity by three times enabling operators to offer mobile broadband at even lower cost. HSPA+ is the optimal solution for a 5 MHz carrier and provides similar data and voice capacity as LTE in the 5 MHz block for the same number of antennas. HSPA+ further enhances the end-user experience through higher peak rates. it also significantly increases data capacity. 11/2007 page 1 . As the natural evolution.Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution [1] Executive Summary UMTS operators are rapidly launching High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) services to capitalize on HSPA’s mobile broadband capabilities and increased data capacity. Moving voice traffic to VoIP over HSPA not only increases the voice capacity in itself. lower latency. HSPA+ further enhances the performance and capabilities of HSPA. While HSPA already supports the full range of packet-based IP services with integrated Quality of Service (QoS). HSPA+ is expected to be commercially available in 2008 through incremental investments and backward and forward compatible handsets.

allowing UMTS operators to most efficiently use their existing assets and investments in network. faster call set-up time. allowing for a phased introduction of devices and a smooth upgrade to existing nodes. refarmed 900 MHz. and for new spectrum. The enhanced downlink (HSDPA) had been launched commercially by 128 UMTS operators as of mid-2007. HSPA+ supports downlink peak rates up to 28 Mbps (42 Mbps in 3GPP Release 8) and up to 11 Mbps in the uplink. and deployment of the enhanced uplink (HSUPA) began during 2007. HSPA+. Like HSPA. HSPA+ provides three times more voice capacity through VoIP than R99 circuit-switched voice with the same quality and codec. using the same number of antennas. HSPA+ enhances the end-user experience through higher peak rates. thus reducing the cost of delivering data services and offering a better mobile broadband experience. it provides similar data and voice performance as LTE in a 5 MHz block. This helps to meet the increased demand for data services. It further enhances the performance and capabilities of HSPA. HSPA+ is the most economical evolution of HSPA. HSPA+ is forward and backward compatible. The higher VoIP efficiency can also be used to free up significant data capacity in a mixed VoIP and data usage model. is the natural evolution of HSPA. HSPA+ is the optimal solution for a 5 MHz carrier. 11/2007 page 2 . expected to be commercially available by the end of 2008.Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution [2] Introduction and Overview UMTS operators are rapidly launching HSPA services to capitalize on its mobile broadband capabilities and increased data capacity. spectrum and devices. lower latency. for existing. This white paper discusses these key benefits of HSPA+: HSPA+ doubles the data capacity over HSPA. significantly longer talk time and a true “always-on” experience. HSPA+ VoIP frees up significant data capacity.

HSPA will continue to evolve and 3GPP R8 and beyond will introduce features that will further enhance the HSPA performance. HS_SCCH Less Enhanced CELL_FACH state operation MBSFN (single frequency network) Table 1: Key HSPA+ R7 Features 11/2007 page 3 . This paper focuses on the first step of the HSPA evolution and the enhancements that have been defined in 3GPP R7. Broadband downloads Rel-99 Rel-5 (HSDPA) DL: 14. Table 1 presents the key HSPA+ R7 features and their benefits.4 Mbps UL: 384 Kbps Broadband uploads Rel-6 (HSUPA) DL: 14.72 Mbps Enhanced Voice and data capacity Rel-7 DL: 42 Mbps UL: 11 Mbps Rel-8 WCDMA DL: 384 Kbps UL: 384 Kbps Figure 1: UMTS Evolution HSPA HSPA+ (HSPA Evolved) The enhanced uplink (HSUPA) was defined in R6 and doubles the uplink data capacity over WCDMA R99.4 Mbps UL: 5. The enhanced downlink (HSDPA) was defined in 3GPP R5 and provides three times the data capacity of WCDMA R99 (using a rake receiver and a single UE receive antenna).Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution 2. HSPA+ Features DL 2x2 Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) Higher Order Modulation (HOM) 64-QAM DL and 16-QAM UL Key Benefits Doubles peak data rates Increases downlink capacity 50% higher downlink peak data rate Doubles uplink data peak rate Increases uplink and downlink capacity Improves VoIP capacity Extends talk time by up to 50% Better “always-on” experience Faster cell set up Better “always-on” experience Increases broadcast capacity Better broadcast cell edge rate Continuous Packet Connectivity (CPC): DTX/DRX.1 What is HSPA+? HSPA+ is the name of the set of HSPA enhancements that are defined in 3GPP Release 7 (R7) and beyond.

While the use of 4-Branch receive diversity could further double the uplink capacity. as HSPA+ doubles the data capacity compared to HSPA R6 (assuming a rake receiver and receive diversity at the HSPA R6 UE). These results do not take higher order modulation (HOM) schemes into consideration (64-QAM on the downlink 1 Type 3 UE receiver: linear MMSE equalizer and receive diversity. both in the uplink (Node B IC) and downlink (UE IC) will be introduced in the same timeframe as HSPA+. the performance numbers discussed in this paper assume implementation of Node B IC. Figure 2 compares the downlink and uplink data capacity of HSPA and HSPA+. Thus. UE receive diversity and Node B IC)1 in addition to the HSPA+ features. 11/2007 page 4 . we anticipate that interference cancellation (IC). Additional HSPA+ Features Key Benefits (Expected to be available same timeframe as HSPA+ R7) Uplink Interference Cancellation (Node B IC) Downlink Interference Cancellation (UE IC) Node B four-way receive diversity Increases uplink capacity and rates Beneficial for VoIP Increases Downlink capacity Higher Downlink cell edge data rate Increases uplink capacity (>100%) Higher uplink cell edge data rates Table 2: Standard Independent HSPA+ Features [3] HSPA+ Doubles Data Capacity and Reduces Cost With the launch of HSPA. those enhancements are not taken into account for the performance projections in this paper.Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution In addition to the HSPA+ enhancements defined in the 3GPP standards. operators are seeing a significant uptake in data demand. and the use of UE IC would increase the downlink capacity and enhance user experience at the cell edge through higher rates. The almost doubled downlink and uplink data capacity assumes advanced receivers (UE equalizer. a result of new data applications and increased demand for high-performance mobile broadband services. HSPA+ enhances the performance of HSPA networks and enables wireless operators to continue to fulfill these data needs in the most economical way.

Some of the HSPA+ enhancements that improve data capacity are discussed below.44 1X R6 HSPA baseline (RxDiv) R6 HSPA (RxDiv+EQ) 2. smaller transmission interval. Additional enhancements are being planned for R8 and beyond.3X 1.Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution and 16-QAM in the uplink).7X Uplink 1.55 1X R6 HSPA Baseline R7 HSPA (RxDiv+IC) Source: Qualcomm Simulations.18 2. Data Capacity Per Sector Mbps (5MHz) 7.81 Downlink 6. 2x2 MIMO.8X 3. Figure 2: Data Capacity per Sector in Mbps (5 MHz) 11/2007 page 5 . 64-QAM in DL not considered. HSPA+ builds on this solid foundation by adding support for 64-QAM. 16-QAM in UL not considered. CPC and other air interface improvements. Hybrid ARQ and opportunistic scheduling. Details in 3GPP R1-070674. 500m ISD. which will provide a clear evolution path for current networks. It is expected that HOM will provide further performance boost in particular deployment scenarios.61 R7 HSPA+ (2x2 MIMO) 1. HSPA greatly increased data capacity over R99 systems by adding the high-speed shared channels with HOM (16-QAM).

76 Mbps (QPSK) 5. To be most effective. High SNR ensures that the UE will be able to decode the incoming signal successfully despite distributing the transmit power among the two antennas. HSPA+ Peak Data Rates Downlink MIMO (2x2 DL MIMO) 28 Mbps (16-QAM) Non .Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution 3. on the other hand. MIMO can increase the system capacity and double user data rates without using additional Node B power or bandwidth.1 Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) HSPA+ supports 2x2 downlink MIMO that uses two transmit antennas at the Node B to transmit orthogonal (parallel) data streams to the two receive antennas at the UEs. data in a 2x2 MIMO system can be transmitted using up to two orthogonal streams. In rural environments with large cell sizes and less scattering. cannot support orthogonal streams and hence provide limited MIMO gain. MIMO needs a high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at the UE and a rich scattering environment. A rich scattering environment ensures that the two data streams remain orthogonal when they reach the UE. as there is enough scattering and cell sizes are small (potentially high SNR at the UE). HSPA+ introduces the dual transmit adaptive array (D-TxAA) scheme for 2x2 MIMO. Using two antennas and additional signal processing at the receiver and the transmitter. Line-of-sight transmissions. the MIMO gains will be limited.MIMO 14 Mbps (16-QAM) 21 Mbps (64-QAM) 5.76 Mbps (QPSK) 11 Mbps (16-QAM) Uplink 11 Mbps (16-QAM) Table 3: HSPA+ R7 Data Rates2 2 The combination of 64-QAM and MIMO operation is expected in R8 and will provide DL rates up to 42 Mbps. The MIMO benefit is therefore maximized in a dense urban (city) environment where the MIMO gain is most needed. Under certain channel conditions. Future releases (R8 and beyond) are considering higher-order MIMO and UL MIMO. 11/2007 page 6 .

DTX and DRX are. beneficial for low-rate data applications like VoIP. This in turn saves UE battery power. On the uplink. Wireless signals transmitted with a higher modulation are more sensitive to interference and require a higher SNR at the receiver for successful demodulation. HSPA+ introduces 64-QAM on the downlink. HOM significantly increases the data rates for those users that are in good signal conditions (high SNR).Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution 3. where it is possible to gate off transmission or turn off reception between the data transmissions. DTX thereby increases the uplink capacity by reducing the uplink interference at the Node B. Table 3 shows the peak data rates with HOM and MIMO. leaving Node B with more time and resources to service users in weaker signal areas. which significantly improves the UE battery life. the data capacity (bits/symbol) increases as we move from QPSK to 16-QAM and then to 64-QAM. such as the cell edge. DTX can also reduce the battery consumption and thus extend the battery life by limiting the time the UE transmitter needs to be active to send information. or bursty applications like web browsing. which increases the data rates by 50% for UEs that have a high SNR. 3. As Figure 3 shows. this provides high data rates and improved user experience for all users in the cell. the traffic for these high SNR users can be serviced faster. Overall. 11/2007 page 7 . where MIMO gains are limited.3 Discontinuous Transmission (DTX) and Discontinuous Reception (DRX) The CPC DTX feature allows the UE to gate off the control channels when there is no user data to send. 16-QAM doubles data rates for UEs that are not power headroom limited. in particular. HOM complements MIMO by providing significant gains in line-of-sight scenarios. DRX allows the UE to turn off the receiver at certain agreed intervals in which Node B does not transmit any downlink information to the UE. In the same way. Figure 3: Higher Order Modulation Synchronized DTX and DRX operation allows the UE to shut off its transmitter and receiver blocks completely.2 Higher Order Modulation (HOM) R6 HSPA supports 16-QAM modulation on the downlink and QPSK on the uplink. Hence.

• VoIP enables rich services – The integration of voice with other data services enables new end-user services and new revenue sources for the operator. in fact. Furthermore. • VoIP simplifies fixed mobile convergence – Moving all services to the packet domain with a common packet network creates synergies that reduce cost. provide an even richer user experience than circuit switched (CS) voice. The underlying voice technology. header compression and IP multimedia system (IMS) support. The operator can provide telco-quality VoIP in the same way as R99 CS voice and fully control the service from end to end. it is natural also to move the voice service to VoIP for lower cost and better integration with the other packet-based services. including: • Higher data capacity through VoIP – Mixing VoIP and data services frees up significant data capacity compared with mixing R99 CS voice and data services. VoIP would. Telco-quality VoIP over HSPA provides several benefits to operators and end users beyond reduced cost through higher capacity. as long as the quality and user experience remains the same. Telco-quality VoIP over HSPA+ provides three times the voice capacity of current R99/HSPA networks. packet-based VoIP or circuit-based voice. especially when moving from traditional MOU (minutes of use) based plans to flat-rate unlimited minutes plans. non-standard implementation11/2007 page 8 . which allows it to meet the increasing voice demand cost efficiently. through its integration with other packet services. To support telco-quality VoIP. the HSPA network requires standard defined features such as QoS.Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution [4] HSPA+ Provides Three Times Increased Voice Capacity High-quality voice is a key service that has traditionally been the core of the wireless business. VoIP also enables the network operator to offer third-party VoIP clients with appropriate QoS to ensure voice quality. With packet-based data applications rapidly taking off. does not need to be known by the end-users. and charge accordingly for this high-quality VoIP flow.

voice services are carried over dedicated circuit-switched bearers. 11/2007 page 9 . 500m ISD.6X 93 68 1. Voice Capacity Per Sector (5MHz) 182 2. providing a two times voice capacity increase without Node B IC and a three times increase with Node B IC for the same voice quality and codec (AMR 12. HSPA+ enables operators to offer these same high-capacity VoIP services to the end users without relying on the circuit-switched core network.Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution specific features such as QoS scheduling and admission control must be supported. This optimizes air-interface resource usage. AMR 12. Detailed assumptions in R1-070674. HSPA+ further improves VoIP capacity by introducing enhancements such as CPC. Figure 4 compares the voice capacity of R99 CS. which are assigned to users for the duration of the voice call. HSPA VoIP uses shared-packet channels with smaller transmission intervals to transfer VoIP packets more efficiently. In current UMTS networks.2kbps) over R99 CS voice.2 Codec. 50ms delay. Figure 4: Number of Voice Users Supported Per Sector (5 MHz) The next-generation wireless systems like Long Term Evolution (LTE) and Ultra Mobile Broadband (UMB) will rely on VoIP and an IMS network for voice without supporting circuit-switched services.3X 1X R99 CS R6 VoIP R7 HSPA+ VoIP Source: QUALCOMM simulations. HSPA R6 and HSPA+ R7 VoIP.

Furthermore. Mixing VoIP and data on the same HSPA+ carrier is significantly more efficient than mixing R99 CS voice and HSPA+ data. Assumptions: 20 BE Users vs Voice AMR 12.Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution [5] Higher Data Capacity through VoIP Because VoIP is more efficient and uses fewer resources than circuitswitched (CS) voice. mixing VoIP and data provides almost three times higher data capacity compared to mixing R99 CS voice and data. MIMO and HOM would further increase the HSPA+ capacity. At a typical voice load of 50 voice users. and there is additional capacity left over in the downlink at the maximum uplink VoIP capacity. as it increases the data capacity and offers data services at a lower cost.2 users. 11/2007 page 10 . This means that at any given voice load level. VoIP is typically uplink-limited. 6000 Throughput (Kbps) 5000 4000 Almost 3X data capacity at typical voice 3000 2000 1000 0 100 150 200 250 load (50 users/sector) when using VoIP Data Gain HSPA+ VoIP and Data R5 CS Voice and Data 50 Voice Users HSPA+ does not include MIMO and HOM. means that the remaining resources can be used to increase the data capacity. as exemplified by the three times capacity increase. one with R99 CS voice and HSPA data and one with VoIP and HSPA+ data mixed on the same carrier. 1Km ISD Figure 5: Sector Data Capacity when Mixing Voice/VoIP and Data Figure 5 presents the remaining downlink data capacity for two cases. the system has significantly more data capacity if VoIP is used instead of R99 CS voice. This is a key driver in the adoption of VoIP.

In addition. • Up to 50% extended talk time3 through VoIP as compared with R99 CS voice. faster state transition allows users to move more rapidly between inactive and active states (enhanced Cell_FACH). • Better broadband experience with up to 28 Mbps peak data rates (42 Mbps in R8) on the downlink and 11 Mbps on the uplink. due to lower battery consumption (DRX and DTX).” which enhances the user experience across an entire range of IP services. due to faster state transitions (enhanced Cell_FACH). 3 DTX and DRX will wake up every 8 TTI (T1=T2=8). faster state transition and true “always-on.Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution [6] Enhanced User Experience Benefits HSPA+ not only improves data capacity. • Reduced latency for data services due to higher peak rates. 11/2007 page 11 . voice capacity and peak rates. • 50% reduction in the over-the-air call set-up time compared with HSPA R6. it also enhances the end-user experience in other ways: • True “always-on” experience by allowing user to stay longer in connected mode without compromising battery life (CPC).

HSPA’s QoS support also enables service tiering. these features provide an enhanced user experience with a true “always-on” experience for data services such as push-to-talk (PTT) or for bursty HTTP traffic. which are tailored to each user’s needs. HSPA’s high-capacity broadband uplink and downlink with integrated QoS and low latency support the entire range of IP services. In addition to CPC. 11/2007 page 12 .Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution CPC allows packet data users to stay in the connected mode longer since the overhead channels can be gated off (DTX) and the reception turned off (DRX). The enhanced Cell_FACH is achieved by moving the transmission of the paging channel (PCH) and the intermediate Cell_FACH state to the highcapacity HSPA channel. PTT. video sharing. push-to-media. Together. Some examples of the range of IP services supported by HSPA and HSPA+ are: packet-based video telephony. The enhancements also reduce call set-up times through twice-as-fast transition from inactive mode (Cell-PCH) to active mode (Cell_FACH/DCH) for both data and voice services. HSPA+ further enhances the user’s experience and makes these services more affordable by lowering the cost through doubled data and voice capacity. place shifting of media. [7] HSPA+ Offers an Entire Range of IP Services HSPA allows consumers and business users to rely on HSPA as their main broadband connection. An inactive user will have to move to the inactive state after some inactivity time. low-latency gaming. but CPC allows the user to stay longer in the connected state without significantly compromising the battery life. and social networking. the enhanced Cell_FACH allows twice-as-fast transitions between active and inactive states compared with R6. which allows the network to assign users different levels of priority based on their subscription levels. and offers similar user experience across mobile and fixed networks. including delay-sensitive applications such as telco-quality VoIP. This allows for much higher performance and thus reduced latency.

11/2007 page 13 . the user may decide to share video and thus share an experience instantaneously. 7. and enables new. or share music. VoIP allows for personalization and greater service flexibility. as a user can add and remove IP services and enrich the communication in real time. VoIP enables greater flexibility in mixing voice and data traffic.Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution VIDEO SHARING VIDEO HSPA+ Offers Entire Range of IP Services GAMES PTT VoIP MUSIC The following section set forth the benefits of VoIP. The presence status of friends and co-workers allows the user to select from a variety of communication types such as instant messaging (IM). During an ongoing voice call. richer voice services. and presence on a common packet data channel.1 VoIP Enables Rich Services Voice will continue to be a key service. PTT or a voice call. video clips and pictures. Business users will also be more productive through richer communication and improved collaborative applications that combine voice and business applications. one of the IP services that HSPA and HSPA+ supports. the vast number of Internet data applications. and VoIP enables the transition to richer services and communication by simplifying the integration of simultaneous voice.

rich. The converged all-IP core network for voice and data services will support different access technologies. and at the office. always-on services regardless of location. on the go. it leverages existing. Furthermore. SW upgrade to RNC Figure 6: HSPA+ Network Upgrades Mainly SW upgrade to Node B New backward compatible HSPA+ devices 11/2007 page 14 . VoIP offers better end-user experience through seamless connectivity at home. consumer electronics and computing platforms with integrated applications that have a familiar look and feel. creating synergies in operation and maintenance that reduce operational expenditure. Rich VoIP over HSPA leverages converged applications that users are already accustomed to in wireline and WLAN. with personalized. thus benefiting from the IP cost curve and reducing capital expenditure. 7. The common IMS network ensures that the services are consistent across the different networks.2 VoIP Simplifies Fixed Mobile Convergence Fixed Mobile Convergence (FMC) is taking place in many different forms.Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution Rich voice enables cheaper and faster development of new services and applications. Moving voice to VoIP enables the key aspect of FMC: the opportunity to move all services and traffic to the packet domain with a common all-IP packet network. standard and scalable IP network elements. It enables the expansion of connectivity to a wider range of devices. The gradual phase-out of the circuit-switched core network will reduce PSTN interconnection fees and tariffs for long distance.

Backward 11/2007 page 15 . (Subscribers: June 2007)] HSPA+ is designed to be compatible with existing R99. Operators have already made considerable capital investments in spectrum and network resources to enable UMTS and HSPA services. Existing UMTS and new HSPA+ devices can roam seamlessly between R99 UMTS. and uses the same spectrum and network resources to deliver the enhanced performance.6Mbps Figure 7: WCDMA and HSPA Deployments [Source: GSMA (Operators: July 2007). The existing radio and core network can be upgraded to HSPA+ without the need for adding any new network elements. and enables operators to maximize their return on investments. and 128 of these have enabled HSPA (Figure 7) as of mid-2007. HSPA and HSPA+ networks. 5/6 devices and networks. WCDMA WCDMA + HSDPA There Were More Than 137 Million UMTS Subscribers July ’07 WCDMA: 174 Commercial Operators HSDPA: 128 Commercial Operators 53 Commercial Operators @ 3. HSPA+ will ensure that these networks continue to provide performance comparable to that of next-generation technologies like LTE and UMB in a 5 MHz spectrum block. HSPA+ provides an excellent technology evolution path for these networks.Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution [8] Backward Compatibility and Leverage in a Large 3G Ecosystem There are currently 174 commercial UMTS networks.

such as LTE or UMB. HSPA+ performance in 5 MHz is comparable to that of next-generation OFDMA technologies. using the same spectrum and network resources. Operators have greater flexibility in selecting vendors. [9] The Optimal Solution in 5 MHz HSPA+ is an incremental upgrade of the existing HSPA networks. emphasis is placed on ensuring interoperability with existing 3GPP technologies like UMTS and GSM. By deploying HSPA+. providing a capacity boost in high-demand areas. Initial deployments of LTE will be more suited for urban hot spots.g. without concern about device/network incompatibility. This will ensure that HSPA+ and LTE co-exist and that LTE will complement HSPA+. Initial HSPA+ device and network support will be available in late 2008. using same number of antennas. Figure 8 shows the comparable capacity of HSPA+ and LTE in a 5 MHz system. HSPA+ presents as the optimal solution for upgrade of the existing HSPA networks and for new or re-farmed 5 MHz spectrum blocks. Throughout the design of LTE and EPC..Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution compatibility will enable operators to roll out HSPA+ features in phases. wireless operators will benefit tremendously from the vast 3GPP device and vendor ecosystem that provides economies-of-scale benefits to the 3GPP community. 11/2007 page 16 . 3GPP is also working on LTE. which is the next-generation. Given the advantages of backward compatibility and superior system performance. OFDMA based system supported by a new core network called EPC. and have a larger choice of devices and terminals that they can potentially offer to their customers at an affordable price. whereas HSPA+ will cover the existing vast HSPA footprint. This wide vendor support and backward compatibility also enables operators to deploy HSPA+ in a timely manner and gives them a timeto-market advantage compared with other competing technologies. Many of the features being defined (e. DTX/DRX and other enhancements) could be an easy software upgrade to the existing base stations.

11/2007 page 17 . and it allows the operator to roll out LTE in phases.8X 3.18 8.Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution HSPA+ will ensure a consistent user experience across the entire network.81 6. HSPA+: 16/64QAM not considered. 7. irrespective of LTE coverage. LTE results scaled down from 10MHz. HSPA+ and its evolution remains the most optimal solution for existing HSPA/WCDMA operators. HSPA provides a proven technology with economies of scale in device and network procurement.44 1X R6 HSPA baseline (RxDiv) R6 HSPA (RxDiv+EQ) R7 HSPA+ (2x2 MIMO) LTE 2x2 MU-MIMO Source: Qualcomm Simulations.4X 1. 500m ISD. such that LTE is first deployed in dense urban areas and then gradually expanded. Figure 8: Downlink Data Capacity per Sector Mbps (5 Mhz) Given the early availability of HSPA+ in 2008. Details in 3GPP R1-070674.1 2.3X 2. The common IMS network enables users to experience the same services across the entire network. For new operators that are planning on launching 3G UMTS networks.

HSPA+ is backward compatible. allowing for a gradual introduction of devices and a smooth. HSPA supports the entire range of IP services. allowing UMTS operators to make the most efficient use of their existing assets and investments in network. spectrum and devices. and a true “always-on” experience. © 2007 Qualcomm Incorporated. cost-efficient and simple network upgrade to existing HSPA nodes. Thanks to three times the voice and two times the data capacity. HSPA+ lowers the cost of delivering voice and data services enabling operators to offer mobile broadband at an even lower cost. 11/2007 page 18 . HSPA+ further enhances the end-user experience through higher peak rates. All rights reserved. lower latency.Release 7 HSPA+ For Mobile Broadband Evolution [10] Conclusion HSPA+ is the natural and most economical evolution from HSPA. Qualcomm asserts that all information is correct through November 2007. Moving voice to VoIP over HSPA not only more than doubles the voice capacity. it also significantly increases the data capacity. extended talk time through VoIP.

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