Check for understanding Back up and reread Monitor and fix up Retell the story

Use prior knowledge to connect with the text (T-S, T-T, and T-W)

Visualize by making a picture or mental image Ask questions before, during, and after reading
Predict what will happen and use the text to confirm

Infer and support with evidence (proof) Summarize text – include sequence of main events

Determine importance by using the main idea and supporting details Identify themes and topics within and between texts using evidence from the text to support

Recognize narrative literary elements (character, setting, plot, problem/resolution, theme)

Recognize and explain cause and effect Compare and contrast within and between text

Cross-check – Do the pictures and words look right? Sound right? Make sense?

Adjust tone of voice and volume according to text Stress particular words or phrases to enhance meaning
Blend sounds – stretch and reread, chunk letters and sounds together

Recognize compound words and contractions

Read with emotion when appropriate Skip unknown words, then come back Trade a word – guess a word that makes sense Reread text
Adjust and apply different reading rates (speed) to match text

Use punctuation to enhance phrasing (periods, exclamation points, question marks, commas)

Read appropriate level texts that are a “good fit”
Use text features (titles, headings, captions, etc) to understand and locate information

Determine and analyze author’s purpose and support with evidence from the text Identify characteristics of narrative, expository, and persuasive texts

Understand the differences between genres
Identify how language choice helps develop mood, meaning, and characters

Voracious reading (read A LOT!!!)
Tune in to interesting words and use new vocabulary in speaking and writing

Use synonyms and antonyms to determine word meaning

Use word parts to determine the meaning of words (prefixes, suffixes, root words) Use prior knowledge and context clues to predict and confirm meaning

Understand and use figurative language (similes, metaphors, idioms)
Use dictionaries, thesauruses, glossaries and digital tools to determine word meaning Use homophones and homographs to determine word meaning