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Probability

Question 1

60% of students at a school wear neither a ring nor a necklace, 20% wear a ring and 30% wear a necklace. If a student is chosen at random, what is the probability that this student is wearing: (a) a ring or a necklace ? (b) a ring and a necklace ?

Question 2

If A and B are mutually exclusive events, such that, P (A) = 0.3 & P (B) = 0.5. Find the probability of occurrence of: (a) either A or B ? (b) A, but not B ? (c) both A and B ?

Question 3

28% of students in a class work on Windows OS, 7% work on Linux, and 5% work on both Windows and Linux. What is the percentage of students who (a) use neither Windows nor Linux (b) use Linux but not Windows ?

Question 4

Consider a community of 20 families; of which 4 have one child, 8 have two children, 5 have three children, 2 have four children and 1 has ﬁve children. (a) For a family chosen at random, ﬁnd the probability mass function of the number of children ? (b) For a child chosen at random, what is the probability that the child comes from a family of i children, i = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ?

1

60. 36% of the families own a dog. 50. B. 30% of the families own a cat. What is (a) the probability that a randomly seleced family owns both a dog and a cat ? (b) the conditional probability that a randomly selected family owns a dog. and 100 employees and respectively. and 70 percent of these are women. Resignations are equally likely among all employees regardless of gender. what is the probability that she works at C ? Question 3 An ectopic pregnancy is twice as likely to develop when the pregnant woman is a smoker as it is when she is a non-smoker. If a woman employee resigns. and 22% of families that own a dog also own a cat. and C have 50. 2 . given it owns a cat ? Question 2 Stores A. 75. If 32% of women of childbearing age are smokers. what percentage of women having ectopic pregnancies are smokers ? Hint: Use Bayes’ Theorem based on Law of Total Probability.Conditional Probability Question 1 In a certain community. In addition.

(b) Find the cumulative distribution function of X.Continous Random Variable . Question 2 Find a and b for a random variable whose E(X) = 0.PDF.6 and density function is given by a + bx2 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 f (x) = 0 otherwise Question 3 Find E(X) and Var(X) when the density function of the continuous random variable X is 2x if 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 f (x) = 0 otherwise 3 . CDF Question 1 Let X be a random variable with probability density function f (x) = c(1 − x2 ) −1 < x < 1 0 otherwise (a) Find c.

Question 2 Suppose that a random variable X is equal to the number of hits obtained by a certain baseball player in his next 3 at bats. ﬁnd E(X). (d) the diﬀerence of the ﬁrst and the second rolls.Discrete Random Variable . Given P{X = 1} = 0. Find the expected number of ﬂips and its standard deviation. 4 . (b) the minimum value to appear in the two rolls.PMF. and P{X = 0} = 3P{X = 3}. Question 4 Find the probability mass function for a random variable which is the sum of outcomes of rolling two fair dice. (c) the sum of the two rolls.2. P{X = 2} = 0. CDF Question 1 For a die that is rolled twice. what are the possible values of the following random variables ? (a) the maximum value to appear in the two rolls. Question 3 A coin that when ﬂipped comes up heads with probability p is ﬂipped until either heads or tails has occurred twice.3.

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