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Table I.

1 : Population Density, 1980-2000


Total

Country

Pop. Density (per Sq. Km)

Rank of Pop.

Area (Sq. Km)

1980

1990

2000

Density in 2000

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

5,765

32

44

59

Cambodia

181,035

36

48

67

Indonesia

1,919,317

77

93

106

Lao PDR

236,800

13

17

22

10

Malaysia

329,758

42

56

71

Myanmar

676,577

50

60

72

The Philippines

300,000

152

191

254

660

3,658

4,618

6,088

Thailand

513,120

92

110

122

Viet Nam

330,363

159

200

235

4,493,395

78

96

114

(1)

Brunei Darussalam

Singapore

ASEAN

Source: 1). United Nations, Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2000
2). Yearbook of Brunei Darussalam 1998 & 1999 and Brunei Darussalam Key Indicators, 2000; Yearbook of Cambodia 2000
and General Population Census of Cambodia, 1998, Provisional Population Total; Yearbook of Indonesia 1996, 1997, 1999,
and 2000; Yearbook of Malaysia 1997 and Siaran Perangkaan Bulanan Malaysia, 2001; Yearbook of Myanmar 1998; Yearbook
of Philippines 2000 and website (for year 2000); Yearbook of Thailand 1996 and Key Statistics of Thailand, 2000;
Yearbook of Singapore 2001; and Yearbook of Vietnam 1995 and 2000.
3). ASEAN Secretariat, ASCU database (for Lao PDR 2000)
Notes: 1. 1980 figures for Brunei is estimated based on the annual rate of growth during 1990-1995 of 3.16% per year.
2. 1980 and 1990 figures for Lao PDR are estimated based on the annual rate of growth during 1996-2000, of 2.5% per year.

Graphic I.1 Population Density of ASEAN Countries


120

513,919

100
114

'000 people per Sq Km

80
96
60
78
40

78
96
114

20
0

'00
0

Table I.2: Population by Sex, 2000


Number ('000)

Country

Percentage by Sex

Sex

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

Ratio

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

179

159

338.4

52.9

47.1

100.0

112.4

Cambodia

5,900

6,300

12,200

48.4

51.6

100.0

93.7

Indonesia

101,642

101,814

203,456

50.0

50.0

100.0

99.8

Lao PDR

2,629

2,589

5,218

50.4

49.6

100.0

101.6

Malaysia

11,800

11,466

23,266

50.7

49.3

100.0

102.9

Myanmar

24,352

24,656

49,008

49.7

50.3

100.0

98.8

The Philippines

38,505

37,815

76,320

50.5

49.5

100.0

101.8

Singapore

2,007

2,010

4,018

50.0

50.0

100.0

99.8

Thailand

31,106

31,302

62,408

49.8

50.2

100.0

99.4

Viet Nam

38,189

39,497

77,686

49.2

50.8

100.0

96.7

49.9

50.1

100.0

99.5

(1)

Brunei Darussalam

256,308 257,610 513,919

ASEAN

Source: 1). Brunei Darussalam Key Indicators, 2000; Yearbook of Cambodia 2000; Siaran Perangkaan Bulanan Malaysia, Mei 2001; Yearbook of
Myanmar 1998; Yearbook of Singapore, 2001; Keys Statistics of Thailand, 2000; and Yearbook of Viet Nam 2000.
2). Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat (percentage population by sex for Indonesia, Lao PDR and the Philippines)
3). ASEAN Secretariat, ASCU database

Table I.3 : Urban Population, 1980-2000

Country

Urban Population

Rate of Annual Growth

Rank of %

As % of Total Population

of Urban Population

of Urban

1980-1990 1990-2000

Pop. In 2000

1980

1990

2000

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

72.0

Cambodia

12.4

12.6

23.5

2.86

10.22

Indonesia

22.2

30.6

40.2

5.30

4.14

Lao PDR

13.4

18.1

23.5

Malaysia

42.0

49.8

57.3

4.72

3.83

Myanmar

24.0

24.6

27.7

2.21

3.07

The Philippines

37.5

48.8

58.6

5.07

4.81

Singapore

100.0

100.0

100.0

2.36

2.80

Thailand

17.0

18.7

21.6

2.81

2.50

Viet Nam

19.2

19.7

19.7

2.59

1.64

10

(1)

Brunei Darussalam

ASEAN

37.1

Source: 1). Asian Development Bank, Growth and Changed In Asia and the Pacific "KEY INDICATORS", 2001.
2). Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat (for Brunei in 2000)
Notes: ASEAN figures is estimated based on Member Countries figures.

Table I.4 : Population by Age Group, 2000


Number ('000)

Country
(1)

Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
Indonesia
Lao PDR
Malaysia
Myanmar
The Philippines
Singapore
Thailand
Viet Nam
ASEAN

Percentage

<15

15-60

>60

Total

<15

15-60

>60

Total

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

109
204
5,002
5,978
63,071 109,866
2,296
2,348
7,701
14,053
16,075
29,062
27,628
44,113
863
2,726
15,602
35,573
25,636
40,396

25
338.4
1,220 12,200
30,518 203,456
574
5,218
1,512 23,266
3,872 49,008
4,579 76,320
430
4,018
11,233 62,408
11,653 77,686

32.2
41.0
31.0
44.0
33.1
32.8
36.2
21.5
25.0
33.0

60.3
49.0
54.0
45.0
60.4
59.3
57.8
67.8
57.0
52.0

7.5
10.0
15.0
11.0
6.5
7.9
6.0
10.7
18.0
15.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

163,983 284,319

65,617 513,919

31.9

55.3

12.8

100.0

Source: 1). Statistical Yearbook of Myanmar 1998, Staistical Yearbook of The Philippines 2000; Statistical Yearbook of Singapore 2001;
Siaran Perangkaan Bulanan Malaysia, Mei 2001; and Brunei Darussalam Key Indicators, 2000.
2). For other countries, the figures are estimated based on the percentage of total population under 15 and 60+ by sex from
Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat.

Graphic I.2 ASEAN Population by Age Group, 2000


60.0

50.0

Percent

40.0

30.0

55.3

20.0

31.9
10.0

12.8
0.0
1

Age group
3

12.8
0.0
1

Age group

Table I.5 : Number of Mid Year Population of ASEAN Countries 1980-2000


(National Estimates, in thousand)
Country

1980

1990

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

185.65)
6,590
147,490
3,1856)
13,745
33,610
45,502
2,414
46,961
52,462

253.4
8,600
179,379
4,0776)
18,380
40,786
57,308
3,047
56,303
66,017

296.0
10,200
195,283
4,6136)
20,689
44,744
68,349
3,526
59,460
71,996

305.1
10,702
196,8917)
4,728
21,170
45,565
69,946
3,670
60,003
73,157

314.4
10,368
198,5127)
4,846
21,670
46,402
71,539
3,794
60,602
74,307

323.1
11,437
200,1477)
4,967
22,180
47,255
73,131
3,922
61,466
75,456

330.7
11,599
201,7947)
5,091
22,710
48,123
74,723
3,951
61,662
76,597

338.4
12,200
203,456
5,218
23,266
49,008
76,320
4,018
62,408
77,686

348,774

430,073

474,544

486,137

492,353

500,284

506,581

513,919

Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
Indonesia
Lao PDR
Malaysia
Myanmar
The Philippines
Singapore
Thailand
Viet Nam
ASEAN
Sources:

1. Yearbook of Brunei Darussalam 1998 & 1999 and Brunei Darussalam Key Indicators, 2000; Yearbook of Cambodia
2000 and General Population Census of Cambodia, 1998, Provisional Population Total; Yearbook of Indonesia 1996,
1997, 1999, and 2000; Yearbook of Malaysia 1997 and Siaran Perangkaan Bulanan Malaysia, 2001; Yearbook of
Myanmar 1998; Yearbook of Philippine 2000 and website (for year 2000); Yearbook of Thailand 1996 and
Key Statistics of Thailand, 2000; Yearbook of Singapore 2001; and Yearbook of Viet Nam 1995 and 2000.
2. ASEAN Secretariat, ASCU database (for Lao PDR year 1996-2000)
Notes:Thailand figures in 1980, 1990 and 1995 (column 2, 3, 4) are as data registration in 31 December
1) Brunei Darussalam 1990 Population Census
2) Cambodia 1998 Population Census
3) Myanmar 1991 Fertility Census
4) Viet Nam 1999 Population and Housing Census
5) 1980 figures for Brunei is estimated based on the annual rate of growth during 1990-1995, of 3.16% per year
6) 1980, 1990 and 1995 figures for Lao PDR are estimated based on the annual rate of growth during 1996-2000, of 2.5% per year.
7) Indonesia's figures for 1996-1999 are estimated based on preliminary Population Census 2000 figures of 203,456,005

Graph I.5: Number of Mid Year Population of ASEAN Countries 1980-2000


4

200,001.0

Graph I.5: Number of Mid Year Population of ASEAN Countries 1980-2000


200,001.0

150,001.0

100,001.0

50,001.0

1.0

Cambodia
Brunei Darussalam
4

Lao PDR
Indonesia

Myanmar
Malaysia

Singap
The Philippines

1.0

Cambodia
Brunei Darussalam

Lao PDR
Indonesia

Myanmar
Malaysia

Singap
The Philippines

Mid Year Population of the ASEAN, 1980-2000


600,000
474,544

500,000

400,000

486,137

492,353

500,284

506,581

513,919

430,073
348,774

300,000

200,000

100,000

0
1

Latest Population
Census
(10)

2601)
11,4262)
203,456
n.a
22,203
41,5523)
76,499
4,018
60,607
76,5974)
-

80-2000
4

Column B
Column C
Column D

80-2000
Column B
Column C
Column D
Column E
Column F
Column G
Column H
Column I

Singapore

hilippines
4

Thailand

Singapore

hilippines

513,919

Thailand

Table I.6 : Population Growth in ASEAN, 1980-2000

Country
(1)

1980-1990

1990-1995

1995-2000

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

1. Brunei Darussalam
2. Cambodia
3. Indonesia
4. Lao PDR
5. Malaysia
6. Myanmar
7. The Philippines
8. Singapore
9. Thailand
10. Viet Nam

3.162)
2.70
1.98
2.53)
2.95
1.95
2.33
2.36
1.83
2.33

3.16
3.47
1.71
2.53)
2.40
1.87
3.59
2.96
1.10
1.75

2.71
3.65
0.82
2.53)
2.38
1.84
2.23
2.65
0.97
1.53

3.07
4.92
0.82
2.50
2.32
1.83
2.34
4.11
0.91
1.61

3.05
-3.12
0.82
2.50
2.36
1.84
2.28
3.36
1.00
1.57

2.77
10.31
0.82
2.50
2.35
1.84
2.23
3.38
1.43
1.55

2.35
1.42
0.82
2.50
2.39
1.84
2.18
0.74
0.32
1.51

2.33
5.18
0.82
2.50
2.45
1.84
2.14
1.69
1.21
1.42

ASEAN

2.12

2.12

1.61

2.44

1.28

1.61

1.26

1.45

1. Yearbook of Brunei Darussalam 1998 & 1999 and Brunei Darussalam Key Indicators, 2000; Yearbook of
Cambodia 2000 and General Population Census of Cambodia, 1998, Provisional Population Total; Yearbook
of Indonesia 1996, 1997, 1999, and 2000; Yearbook of Malaysia 1997 and Siaran Perangkaan Bulanan Malaysia,
2001; Yearbook of Myanmar 1998; Yearbook of Philippine 2000 and website (for year 2000);
Yearbook of Thailand 1996 and Key Statistics of Thailand, 2000; Yearbook of Singapore 2001; and
Yearbook of Viet Nam 1995 and 2000.
2. ASEAN Secretariat, ASCU database (for Lao PDR year 1996-2000)
Note:1) 1980-1990 growth
2) 1980 figures for Brunei is estimated based on the annual rate of growth during 1990-1995, of 3.16%
per year (make it similar)
3) 1980, 1990 and 1995 figures for Lao PDR are estimated based on the annual rate of growth during
1996-2000, of 2.5% per year (make it similar).

Chart I.6: Population Growth in ASEAN, 1980-2000


12.00

10.00

8.00

Chart I.6: Population Growth in ASEAN, 1980-2000


12.00

10.00

8.00

5
2

6.00 1

4.00

2.00

0.00
Column B

Column C

Column D

Population Growth in the ASEAN, 1980-2000


2.50
2.12

2.12

2.00
1.61

10

1.50

1.00

9
9

10
10

Population Growth in the ASEAN, 1980-2000


2.50
2.12

2.12

2.00
1.61
1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

Latest Census
1990-2000
(11)

1.48
1.27
1.91
1.991)
2.18
2.81
1.06
-

10
10

9
9

10