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Oracle Exadata Database Machine for your SAP implementation NOW!
U P D A T E
D A T A B A S E
Hardware and Software
Engineered to Work Together
No. 20 Oracle for SAP, May 2011 www.oracle.com/sap
Hardware and Software
Engineered to Work Together
Oracle Exadata Database Machine for SAP
Delivers substantial performance boost, ideal for consolidations
The Oracle Exadata Database Machine for SAP is a completely new out–of-the-box optimization for companies. As well as seriously enhancing performance, the machine is also ideal for performing consolidations.
The Oracle Exadata Database Machine combines both software and hardware in one unique rack. All of the database features and storage functionalities are integrated in a system rack, X2-2 with 2 to 8 database servers or X2-8 with 2 large database servers and all of the components and modules are designed to work together. Meanwhile, high-speed connections ensure connectivity. The multitude of individual components – and the intelligent way they are combined – allows the database machine to deliver outstanding performance, scalability, stability, IT cost savings in OLTP and OLAP applications, and when consolidating mixed workloads.
Opening up entirely new possibilities
The Oracle Database Machine is an out-of-the-box solution featuring a fully integrated platform for database and database-based applications. Exadata for SAP enables previously unheard of database service allowing users to implement a highly efficient centralized data pool featuring a multitude of system databases. The Oracle Exadata Database Machine is ideal for initiating consolidations or effectively supporting ongoing consolidation initiatives, resulting in real IT cost savings. The out-of-the-box approach means there is also no need to perform the costly integration work required when using databases in a mission critical environment. The Oracle Exadata Database Machine can be implemented and migrated in a short space of time without long and expensive project runtimes.
The World’s First OLTP Database Machine With Sun FlashFire Technology
Under the Hood: The hardware and features
Oracle Exadata Database Machine includes hardware components that are particularly beneficial in both grid and cloud computing environments. These components include:
• • • • • • • •
2 Eight-processor x64 database servers with a total of 128 Intel CPU cores and 2 terabytes (X2-8) of memory or up to 8 dual-processor x64 database servers with a total of 96 cores and 768 GB of memory (X2-2 full rack). 14 Exadata Storage Servers with 168 Intel CPU cores and up to 336 terabytes of raw storage capacity. Up to 5 terabytes of Exadata Smart Flash Cache to cache frequently accessed ‘hot’ data for extremely fast transaction response times and high throughput. Multiple compression tiers to manage more data and reduce I/O requirements of OLTP and OLAP data. 40 Gigabit/second InfiniBand internal connectivity. 10 Gigabit/second Ethernet external connectivity. Up to 1,500,000 Flash Cache IOPS. Up to 75 Gigabit/second Raw Flash Data Bandwidth.
For the database machine to provide exceptional database services, the software also has to be up to the job. That’s why several of the latest intelligent high-performance software components are integrated into Exadata, including features like Advanced Compression, Secure Files, Advanced Security, Real Application Testing, and more. For example:
• • •
The Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) moves the database as single point of failure. The Oracle Enterprise Manager software has a unique top-down design that delivers outstanding service quality at extremely low IT operating costs. Oracle Automatic Storage Management (ASM) is designed to satisfy the requirements of Oracle databases in a grid environment and ensure simple system administration. Oracle ASM also delivers a high degree of protection in the event of storage or disk errors.
Either Oracle Linux 5 or Oracle Solaris Express can be used as the operating system for the database servers within Exadata Database Machine.
The Oracle Exadata Database Machine is an out-of-the-box solution featuring everything required to deliver highly efficient database services. This unique solution embodies the comprehensive know-how, extensive experience and sound knowledge of Oracle and Sun, so companies can be sure they will receive optimum support whether they’re introducing, implementing, migrating, or operating the appliance. This means, companies benefit not only from the database machine’s integrated hardware, software, storage, and network technologies, but also from the corresponding support services. SAP customers in particular can use this solution to access the extensive experience and outstanding expertise of Oracle and Sun. It’s a fact that Oracle is the market’s leading database in the SAP environment. A multitude of customers all over the world rely on the Oracle partnership. The Oracle Exadata Database Machine for SAP software has been certified since June 10, 2011. For more information please visit: http://www.oracle.com/sap
Oracle Exadata Database Machine at a Glance
• • • • • • • •
Combines technologies from Oracle and Sun Boosts performance in database-supported OLTP and data warehousing applications and consolidates mixed workloads Satisfies even the most stringent security and high-availability requirements Makes complex integration work and manual tuning (database, storage, network, and server) superfluous Optimally supports implementations, migrations, and consolidations for quick, inexpensive project runtimes Enables users to implement a highly efficient centralized data pool featuring a multitude of system databases High-level support services provided by Oracle Sun and selected partners Available in a range of rack versions (half rack, quarter rack, full rack) to satisfy individual company requirements
Hardware and Software
Engineered to Work Together
CONTENTS Oracle database for SAP is safe, reliable and scalable
2 Oracle Exadata Database Machine for SAP (Part 1) 3 Editorial 4 Oracle Database 11g Release 2 for SAP 10 Q&A Oracle Exadata Database Machine for SAP (Part 2) 14 Oracle Cloud for SAP 18 Oracle Sun – Complete IT Infrastructure Stack to run SAP even better 23 SAP on Oracle Solaris 26 Oracle Solaris Enhancement 28 Release of Oracle Solaris 11 Express 30 Oracle and Fujitsu Enhance Sparc Enterprise 32 Optimizing Storage in SAP with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 38 Oracle Database Security for SAP Applications 44 Oracle Linux for SAP 46 Oracle VM for SAP 50 Oracle Advanced Compression at SHARP Japan 53 Oracle Partitioning for SAP at RWE Poland 54 Oracle Advanced Compression at TVS Motor Company 57 Eastman Kodak Company benefiting of Oracle Advanced Customer Services for SAP 58 SAP Mainframe Migration to Oracle Database at EDP Energias de Portugal 60 Index Key Compression at National Foods Australia 62 Oracle to Oracle Online Migration at Carl Zeiss 64 Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) for SAP at Bauerfeind 68 Oracle Partner – Connectria 70 Oracle Partner – Hosting with Oracle at Freudenberg IT 73 Oracle Partner – Delta Consulting 74 Oracle Partner – All4IT Group 75 Oracle Sun Collateral Reference List 76 Oracle Advanced Customer Services (ACS) for SAP 81 Oracle Partner – IS4IT, SAP on RAC 82 Oracle DB related Notes for SAP 83 Imprint
More than two-thirds of all mid. Secure Files. and companies are running SAP applications with Oracle databases on all major operating systems. Oracle offers a complete technology stack. and more. energy efficiency. Our focus in this edition of the “Oracle Database for SAP Technology update” are the benefits of Oracle Database 11g Release 2 including features such as. Oracle Exadata Database Machine includes Oracle Exadata Storage Software with Oracle Automatic Storage Management (ASM) that is used as the file system and volume manager for Exadata. Now.com Sincerely Gerhard Kuppler Senior Director Corporate SAP Account. storage. Oracle Corporation and SAP AG have had an ongoing commitment to our joint customers for 22 years and our longstanding reseller and customer support agreements provides enhanced access to Oracle database technology and world class customer support. reliable. scalable. and integrated technology stack. Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) enables use of clustered and active-active standby databases. and a low total cost of ownership. installation-ready package. Hardware. including Assisted Services Engagements (Analysis/Enhancement and SAP Readiness Service for IT Infrastructure). Advanced Security. workshops. Oracle ASM provides a consolidated environment where multiple databases can be stored and managed within the same disk group. Please see the availability dates for Exadata on www. Real Application Testing. Oracle provides the world’s most complete.oracle. Oracle provides reliability. health checks. and virtualization technology as well as the Oracle Solaris and Oracle Linux operating systems. allowing customers to immediately use the latest Oracle Solaris features to deploy new applications. performance. Oracle Enterprise Manager management software has a unique top-down design that delivers outstanding service quality at extremely low IT operating costs.0X on Oracle Database 11g Release 2. business software. The Oracle for SAP Service & Support team offers Advanced Customer Services (ACS) that includes. database migrations. Oracle Linux 5 is certified by SAP on X86_64 platforms for all Unicode versions based on SAP NetWeaver 7. Software Engineered to Work Together. powerful performance. energy efficiency. scalability. scalability. Thus.com/sap We welcome your comments and questions. optimized for SAP customers 3 DEAR SAP CUSTOMER.size to large enterprise SAP customers in every industry entrust their application deployments to Oracle databases. running on Oracle Linux and Oracle Solaris. Oracle Corporation . performance. to deliver the industry’s best performing database solution. servers. Please contact us at: saponoracle_de@oracle. including database. and cost effectiveness. enabling even the most demanding SAP customers to meet their business requirements and transform their technology infrastructure into an eco-friendly data center. every layer is integrated to work together as a single system. and storage.Oracle Database for SAP – The #1 Database safe.oracle. Oracle’s product strategy provides flexibility and choice across the IT infrastructure. For more information or to see current and previous editions go to: www. open. operating systems. Advanced Compression.com/sap Oracle Solaris 11 Express delivers advanced Oracle Solaris features that have been in development for over five years in an easy to use. The Oracle Database and database options are constantly optimized for SAP applications. Oracle’s open architecture and multiple operating system options provide excellent system availability. tuning and ACS Oracle Solaris Services for SAP Environments. with Sun server.
x and higher are certified with Oracle Database 11. automates and reduces cost and overhead by providing a unified and integrated solution stack for all file management needs. For details see SAP Note 1550133. higher security. . external files and text files. business intelligence. OLTP Table Compression INTRODUCTION Oracle Database 11g Release 2 Enterprise Edition delivers industry leading performance. exceeding productivity and at least in an outstanding high availability/disaster recovery for SAP applications. see the article on page 14).2. OLTP Table Compression.2. Oracle Database 11g Release 2 Enterprise Edition comes with a wide range of options to extend the world’s #1 database to help grow your business and meet your users performance. security and reliability on a choice of clustered or single-servers. and UNIX. (see SAP Note 527843). In addition. Oracle Clusterware files and non-structured general purpose data such as Oracle and SAP kernel binaries. • The SAP release of Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) 11g Release 2 occurred at the same time as the general release of Oracle Database 11g Release 2 in the SAP environment. Oracle Database 11g introduced a new feature called OLTP Table Compression that allows data to be compressed during all types of data manipulation operations. For information about Oracle RAC support. extends the benefits of compression to all application workloads. Oracle ASM has two major enhancements that are important for running SAP: • Oracle Cluster Repository (OCR) and voting files can be stored on Oracle ASM. The following provides a list of important features available for SAP customers today and many of them are unique to Oracle. file systems and clusterware platforms. It contains important details about the released RAC configurations. 2 is not provided for earlier SAP releases (SAP R/3 3.2.2. 7. It provides comprehensive features to easily manage the most demanding transaction processing. running Windows. better manageability. including conventional DML such as INSERT and UPDATE. eliminating the need for 3rd party volume managers.1I up to and including SAP R/3 4. • A general release of Oracle Database 11g Rel. Linux. Similar to Oracle Database Version 10. and content management applications.2 release in direct connection with an SAP upgrade project for these older SAP versions. • Oracle RDBMS Home can be stored on Oracle’s new cluster file system ACFS.40_EX2.4 O R A C L E D AT A B A S E 11g R E L E A S E 2 FUNCTIONALITY CERTIFIED BY SAP • As of Oracle 11g Database version 11. Oracle ASM simplifies. more performance.6C).0. SAP has certified Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (please see SAP Note 1398634) with the following details: • Only SAP products based on SAP Kernel 6. This makes Oracle ASM the preferred storage platform for SAP running on Oracle Real Application Clusters as well as for SAP systems running on a single instance Oracle Database (for more information about Oracle ASM. Oracle Database 11g Release 2 provides customers more benefits: saving disk space with lower hardware costs. therefore. there is only a temporary 11. scalability. OLTP Table Compression reduces the associated compression overhead of write operations making it suitable for transactional or OLTP environments as well. security and availability service level expectations. SAP fully supports Oracle Automatic Storage Management Oracle (ASM) and its extended functionality to manage ALL data: Oracle Database files.
in many cases performance may improve due to the reduction in I/O since Oracle will have to access fewer blocks. so there is no need to uncompress a dump file before importing it. Data Pump Compression The ability to compress the meta data associated with a Data Pump job was first provided in Oracle Database 10g Release 2. SAP NetWeaver Portal. maintain. part of Advanced Compression. Data Pump compression is fully inline on the import side as well. an additional 20% of total disk space reduction for the whole database can be achieved using index compression. When compared with competing compression algorithms that maintain a global database symbol table. SecureFile Data Compression RMAN Backup Compression The continuous growth in enterprise databases creates an enormous challenge to database administrators. SecureFiles data is compressed using industry standard compression algorithms. errors. SAP has certified the use of Index compression to save disk space for indexes and reduce total database size on disk. monitoring. Data Guard provides the management. buffer cache requirements. Therefore. Since Oracle Database Rel. so the reduced dump file size means a significant savings in disk space. manageability.2. Further. disasters. the buffer cache will become more efficient by storing more data without having to add memory. and ease of application development. SAP XI. Compressed blocks contain a structure called a symbol table that maintains compression meta data. Data Pump compression is an inline operation. and even in SAP ERP. In fact. and automation software infrastructure to create.Oracle Database 11g Release 2 for SAP 5 D A T A B A S E 11g Oracle’s OLTP Table Compression. SecureFile compression provides significant storage and handles in-line and out-of-line LOB data which are getting more and more important in SAP applications and are widely used in SAP products such as SAP CRM. Customer experiences show that even after a full database reorganization has taken place.0. 10. When a block is compressed. redo data is generated and written to the local redo log files. Data Guard Redo Transport Services are used to transfer this redo data to the standby site(s). uses a unique compression algorithm that eliminates duplicate values within a database block. Unlike operating system or file system compression utilities. there is no measurable performance degradation for accessing compressed data. The benefits of OLTP Table Compression go beyond just on-disk storage savings. The compressed dump file sets are automatically decompressed during import without any additional steps by the Database Administrator. Almost all non-cluster tables in SAP ERP use outoffline LOBs that are unique to the Oracle database. The storage requirements for maintaining database backups and the performance of the backup procedures are directly impacted by database size. As transactions occur in the primary database. duplicate values are eliminated by first adding a single copy of the duplicate value to the symbol table. even across multiple columns. Oracle Advanced Compression includes compression technology that can dramatically reduce the storage requirements for backup data. Data Guard Network Compression SecureFiles is a new feature in Oracle Database 11g that introduces a completely re-engineered large object (LOB) data type to dramatically improve performance. Data Guard maintains synchronization of primary and standby databases using redo data (the information required to recover a transaction). . Due to RMAN’s tight integration with Oracle Database. this compression capability has been extended so that table data can be compressed on export. and monitor one or more standby databases to protect enterprise data from failures. Oracle’s unique approach offers significant performance benefits by not introducing additional I/O when accessing compressed data.2. and data corruptions. RMAN backup (widely used by SAP customers) data is compressed before it is written to disk or tape and doesn’t need to be uncompressed before recovery – providing an enormous reduction in storage costs. In Oracle Database 11g. One significant advantage is Oracle’s ability to read compressed blocks directly without having to first uncompress the block. Compression not only results in significant savings in storage but also improved performance by reducing IO. redo generation and encryption overhead.
cluster tables) . SecureFiles is a major paradigm shift in the choice of files storage. relational data is stored in a database. audio. video.817 GB 1. such as images.g.0 SAP BW 7.413 GB 950 GB 2. creation of segments is deferred for any LOB columns of the table. Traditionally. Especially for large tables.782 GB 1. and spreadsheets. indexes and partitions in a SAP installation are empty • Makes database installation for SAP a lot faster because creation of empty tables. SAP customers benefit from SecureFiles because of: • Significantly faster access times compared to LOBs in SAP environments • Increased transaction throughput on SAP cluster tables especially with RAC • Prerequisite for compression of SAP tables containing LOBs (e. when creating a table in a locally managed tablespace. updating table column results in reduced execution time and space saving. and any indexes subsequently explicitly created on the table. it also consumes no space. LOBs. Adding new columns with DEFAULT values and NOT NULL constraint no longer requires the default value to be stored in all existing records. SecureFiles is specifically engineered to deliver high performance for file data comparable to that of traditional file systems. the database can optimize the resource usage and storage requirements for this operation. enhanced ADD Column Functionality leads to: • Factor 10-20 performance improvement for SAP BW during ADD column process • Saving large amount of disk space Compared to Oracle Database 10g. the listed Oracle Database 11g features give the following results: Beginning in Oracle Database 11g Release 2. PDFs. SecureFiles offers the best database and file system architecture attributes for storing unstructured content. and indexes are dramatically faster • Oracle Data Dictionary Space queries run substantially faster Enhanced Add COLUMN Functionality Without Compression With compression and other space optimizations Space Savings Database (fully reorganized) SAP ECC 6. while unstructured content—both semi-structured and unstructured—is stored as files in file systems. any indexes created implicitly as part of table creation. while retaining the advantages of the Oracle Database. table segment creation is deferred until the first row is inserted.0 RMAN Backup (for compressed database) Export Data Pump 4. default values of columns are maintained in the data dictionary for columns specified as NOT NULL. This not only enables a schema modification in subseconds and independent of the existing data volume. Redo transport compression is no longer limited to compressing redo data only when a redo gap is being resolved.0 SAP CRM 7. SecureFiles offer the best solution for storing file content. The advantages of this space allocation method for customers running Oracle database underneath their SAP applications are the following: • Empty database objects will not consume any disk space • Very important for SAP environments as 60-70% of all tables. Now in Oracle Database 11g. Deferred Segment Creation Because ADD column is very common within SAP BW applications and SAP upgrades.976 GB 543 GB 334 GB 667 GB 59% 62% 64% 76% 973 GB 156 GB 84% SecureFile Performance Before Oracle Database 11g adding new columns with DEFAULT values and NOT NULL constraint required both an exclusive lock on the table and the default value to be stored in all existing records.6 D A T A B A S E 11g With Advanced Compression. LOBs. In addition. When compression is enabled for a destination. redo data may be transmitted in a compressed format to reduce the network bandwidth in an efficient way. all redo data sent to that destination is compressed.
More Security – Database Vault As of version 7.Oracle Database 11g Release 2 for SAP 7 Overall transaction throughput increases when LOB data is stored in SecureFiles (see figure beside). a clear recommendation is given to migrate all existing LONG and Basicfile LOB data to SecureFiles.2) Securefiles 11. Tablespace Encryption SAP VBDATA Throughput (Insert/Read/Delete) Performance Improvement Factor row size in KB LONGs (9. Oracle provided security features such as Column Encryption through Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) and Client Server (SAP Application Server) Network Encryption.10. security is in the forefront and becoming much more important for customers. which allow you to activate the new OLTP table compression • To convert the “old LOBs” (data type LONG or LOB) to the “new LOBs” (data type SecureFiles). protective realms around SAP application database objects can be established to prevent privileged database users from accessing sensitive data and to enforce separation of duties among privileged database users. BRSPACE provides a new action “lob2lob” within the reorganization function “tbreorg” • As of patch 3. Prior to Oracle Database 11g. so no one can read data from a (stolen) backup. set up every database in the Data Guard configuration to use a password file. Oracle has a lot of features in the area of security.11. In addition customers can easily encrypt export file with Oracle Data Pump unstructured LOB data with SecureFile Encryption. To enable secure transmission of redo data. Therefore. With Oracle Database Vault. Additional Encryption BR*Tools Support for Oracle Database 11g Advanced Security Option (ASO) within Oracle Database 11g includes RMAN Backup Encryption. it is now very easy to encrypt sensitive data.2) LOBs (10. DG Secure Network Transport Data Guard provides a secure environment and prevents tampering with redo data as it is being transferred to the standby database. Tables that are created in (or moved to) such a tablespace then implicitly adopt these attributes.20 supports the management of the index compression for Oracle Database 10g as well as Oracle Database 11g (see SAP Note 1464156) • BRSPACE allows you to set the compression and encryption attributes at tablespace level when you create a new tablespace. the following operations are possible: • BRSPACE provides special options for online reorganization. BRSPACE 7.2 On many agendas. SecureFiles improve dramatically the scalability of SAP applications running against Oracle Database 11g RAC but also Oracle Database 11g Single Instance benefits substantially from SecureFiles. and set the password for the SYS user identically on every system. LOB data stored in SecureFiles delivers equal or better performance compared with LOB data stored in LONG or BasicFiles (LOB implementation prior to Oracle Database 11g).20. BR*Tools support the new features provided by Oracle Database 11g Release 2 which makes it very easy to implement them even in existing systems (see SAP Note 1430669).2. Especially for SAP customers.2. In particular. . except if they are set explicitly at table level • BRSPACE is aware of columns which contain data that are compressed by SAP. Included within the Advanced Security Option (ASO) is the technology to encrypt all data in a tablespace. It makes sure that the useless overhead of an additional compression is avoided Oracle Database Vault is also certified for use with SAP applications.
With Oracle Database 11g Release 2. • Configuration changes such as conversion from a single instance to Oracle RAC. This workload was then replayed multiple times against both compressed and noncompressed Oracle Database 11g Release 2 databases. rather than using the operating system kernel NFS client. accurately and realistically rerun actual production workloads.0. By capturing the full database workload from production systems. database Replay enables you to realistically test system changes by essentially recreating production workloads on the test system. The test results can be read in the newsletter http://www. interconnect changes • Operating system. including online user and batch workloads.com/newsletters/sap/volumes/volume19-en. you can configure Oracle Database to access NAS devices directly using Oracle Direct NFS Client. in test environments. something that a set of scripts can never duplicate. DBAs and system administrators can test: Database upgrades. SAP customers can benefit from Direct NFS in the following way: • Improves throughput of NAS solutions such as NetApp • Up to 50% more database throughput in NAS environments with multiple NICs • Up to 20% CPU savings on database server • Works for Single Instance and Real Application Clusters (RAC) • Works for UNIX. The testing activity consisted of using Database Replay to capture a production workload from a Oracle Database Rel. parameter. more complex SAN solutions • Superior to any bonding solution – faster and easier • Better throughput than most SAN solutions . etc.2. dependencies and timing. patches. etc. These files are also accessible via the operating system kernel NFS client thereby allowing seamless administration. Oracle ASM. With database Replay.4 SAP database. Oracle Database will access files stored on the NFS server directly through the integrated Direct NFS Client eliminating the overhead imposed by the operating system kernel NFS. SQL Performance Analyzer provides a granular view of the impact of environment changes on SQL execution plans and statistics by running the SQL statements serially before and after the changes. schema changes. upgrades.pdf as of page 12. easier and more available than any OS or NAS based bonding or trunking solution • Direct NFS with NAS may provide higher throughput than traditional.8 The Oracle/SAP Development Team recently concluded comprehensive testing of SAP applications using Real Application Testing to measure the effects of Advanced Compression for OLTP and SecureFiles on DML operations for SAP ERP. network. Linux and Windows Platforms • Highly Available Network Solution • Faster. parameter changes statistics by running the SQL statements serially before and after the changes • SQL Performance Analyzer (SPA) can predict and prevent SQL execution performance problems caused by environment changes. Direct NFS Real Application Testing (RAT) • Database Replay provides DBAs and system administrators with the ability to faithfully. including all concurrency. • Storage. hardware migrations. 10. patches.oracle.
A SAP Bundle Patch consists of Current Patch Set Update (PSU). relinking the Oracle binary. 10. The patch set upgrade is now the same process to upgrade from one version to another. Beginning with Oracle Database 11g Release 2.2. NetWeaver BI. SBPs are based on Oracle Patch Set Updates (PSUs) that are proactive cumulative patches containing recommended bug fixes and Critical Patch Updates (CPU) that are released on a regular and predictable schedule. current SAP specific Optimizer-Merge-Patch. SAP specific necessary Single-and Merge-Patches which are not contained in the PSU. you then migrate the Oracle Database from the older Oracle home. customers always need to install only one. Snapshot Standby does not require patching an ORACLE_HOME that is already being used in production. Starting with the first patch set for Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11. which is integrated with OPatch. and restarting the instance.html: list of patches contained in SBP. However. separate Oracle home location. uninstalling a regular patch requires the same steps. With online patching. and without requiring RAC or Data Guard configurations. because this patch set application option requires much less downtime.2).Oracle Database 11g Release 2 for SAP 9 9 D A T A B A S E 11g Online Patching A regular RDBMS patch is comprised of one or more object files and/or libraries. SBPs are cumulative and the current one contain all previous patches and then nes patches in addition. With Oracle Database 11g. without requiring the database instance to be shut down. You install the patch set into a new. SAP Bundle Patches (SBP) Easy conversion of a physical standby database to a reporting database – A physical standby database can be opened read/write for reporting purposes.html: installation manual for SBP.g.0. In other words. This allows the physical standby database to be utilized for read/write reporting activities for SAP applications e. each process associated with the instance checks for patched code at a safe execution point. it is possible to install single or bundle patches completely online. Out-of-place Upgrade Oracle database patches for UNIX-platforms are now delivered in form of so-called SAP Bundle Patches (SBP) as of Oracle Database Rel. bugs_fixed. After you install the patch upgrade. README. and then copies the code into its process space. and is safer because it . the most current.4. Oracle Database patch sets are full installations of the Oracle Database software. Oracle recommends that you perform an out-of-place patch set upgrade.0. SBP using MOPatch.2. Installing a regular patch requires shutting down the RDBMS instance. Oracle Database patch sets consisted of a set of files that replaced files in an existing Oracle home. and then flashed back to a point in the past to be easily converted back to a physical standby database. This is Oracle’s recommended way to apply a patch set. you must ensure that you have sufficient free disk space to accommodate two Oracle home directories at the same time (for more information check SAP note 1524205). At this point. Data Guard automatically synchronizes the standby database with the primary database. patch sets are full installations that replace existing installations. In past releases.
We often refer to the 3 legs of a stool: extreme performance. and complete solution. All the database features and storage functionalities are integrated in a system rack (X2-2 and X2-8) and all the components and modules are designed to work together – or in other words: “Hardware and Software. . thus less floor space. OLAP or a combination of both. Q: Is Oracle Exadata only intended for companies using SAP? A: Oracle and SAP agreed to certify Exadata and Oracle technologies (such as Oracle ASM and Oracle Linux). and time from the database deployment process as well as the need to deploy a high-performance database system. Exadata can be considered as a consolidation platform for any kind of Oracle database.Exadata is suitable for any kind of load. etc. their characteristics and operations are well known and understood by Oracle field engineers and support. This can even be supported by a new feature called Oracle instance caging which can dedicate processors to specific instances (a solution that prevents one instance from “hogging” the processors). Having a complete solution on day one means less setup and configuration time. regardless of the application. If a large number of databases share the platform. Database machines are tested in the factory and delivered ready for use. Because all database machines are the same. The 3 legs are interconnected. extreme performance leads to less hardware. Engineered to Work Together”. The powerful servers within the Exadata Database Machine (up to 64 cores and 2 TB RAM) allow customers to move multiple small databases to a single server for enhanced management and resource sharing. this will dramatically reduce administration costs and improve economic viability. All companies using SAP are potential customers who can benefit of the Oracle Exadata Database Machine for SAP. The Oracle Exadata Database Machine for SAP is a completely new optimization appliance for companies. This group of customers stands to benefit in particular from the Exadata Database Machine. . Individual customers will not need to diagnose and resolve unique issues that only occur on their configuration. which results in lower cost. What position does the Oracle Exadata Database Machine occupy in the SAP environment or what are the concrete benefits for companies using the Oracle appliance? Q: Why is the Oracle Exadata Database Machine an ideal optimization tool for companies using SAP? – What are the main benefits for users? A: The Oracle Exadata Database Machine combines both software and hardware in one unique box. Performance tuning and stress testing performed at Oracle on an exact replica of the customer’s configuration ensure better performance and higher quality. The Database Machine is a pre-configured system ready for use on day one. Benefiting most from the Oracle Exadata Database Machine are definitely companies which provide database services based on the Oracle Database and database-based applications using the Oracle Database. for example. It can be assumed that between 70 and 80 percent of all SAP customers also use Oracle database servers for non-SAP purposes. such as SAP. . cooling. It eliminates significant integration work.10 O R A C L E E X A D ATA F O R S A P C U S T O M E R S N O W AVA I L A B L E ! Database Consolidation and extreme Performance for your SAP ERP and BW/BI and more. OLTP. cost.Large databases can be spread over several RAC nodes. lower cost. thus lower cost and so on.
extensive experience and sound knowledge of Oracle and Sun. SRM or NW. SCM. It can take weeks or months to build systems from scratch. Whether they are databases for SAP ECC 6. Such data pooling and all the benefits it brings are an optimization priority for customers with a SAP IT infrastructure. Q: Is there an alternative to the Oracle Exadata Database Machine? A: The Oracle Exadata Database Machine has a unique position in the market. operating system.0. it creates great opportunity for efficiency in the data center. Testing and validation is also an issue.Q&A Oracle Exadata Database Machine for SAP 11 Q: What position does the Oracle Exadata Database Machine occupy on the market? A: Optimization is where Oracle is uniquely positioned to help customers meet their unique needs in today’s tough economic environment. Also. and database. migrating or operating the Oracle Exadata Database Machine. Exadata also offers needs-based future compatibility and progressive technologies with prospects. or a combination of the two. reducing your ongoing cost. customers can save money by using the Oracle Exadata Database Machine with standard CPUs. whether using OLTP. It is truly a “cloud in a box. Engineered to Work Together”.” Given this setup. BW all of these “SAP databases” can be consolidated into an Oracle Exadata Database Machine that results in benefits and efficient operation. To reiterate: The multitude of individual components and the intelligent way in which they are combined make the Oracle Exadata Database Machine unique – “Hardware and Software. companies can not only access the Oracle Exadata Database Machine with its integrate grated hardware. This unique solution embodies the comprehensive know-how. DW. storage and network technologies. Compared with proprietary UNIX hardware. giving companies optimum support in meeting their business requirements through the use of IT – as we’ve said before: “Hardware and Software. The Exadata Database Machine does not require schema configuration or tuning since this is completed prior to delivery. software. all relevant SAP customers run several Oracle databases with several SAP application solutions. Q: How much work is the implementation of the Oracle Exadata Database Machine? A: The out-of-the-box approach means there is no need for the costly integration work required when using databases in a mission-critical environment. whether introducing/implementing. but also the corresponding support services. the result of continuous growth over the last several years. Unlike proprietary UNIX hardware. as a platform for consolidating several databases. Exadata provides the benefit of a common infrastructure when using a database for SAP and non-SAP applications. We also have the experience to help you to solve these problems – helping maximize the return to your business and gain a competitive advantage. reducing deployment time by up to six months is not unusual.Virtually. It also facilitates the management of storage. Engineered to Work Together. a “database farm” is created.” By consolidating non-SAP related Oracle databases and Oracle databases for SAP through Exadata. . Oracle allows customers to choose the hardware at the SAP application server level that is most suited to their needs. The Oracle Exadata Database Machine can be implemented and migrated in a short time span without lengthy and expensive project runtimes.
DDR3 memory. runs Oracle database and options (e. best availability. best deployment flexibility. Real Application Testing. So any component can fail and the system as a whole will keep running. That’s why several of the latest intelligent high-performance software components are integrated into the Database Machine. and more. SAP will expand utilities and tools such as BR*Tools or the Solution Manager to ensure Oracle Exadata Database Machine administration (monitoring) and control from within the SAP environment. Complete – Hardware. uses standard configurations and industry standard hardware. allowing users to implement a highly efficient centralized data pool featuring a multitude of system databases. best support for very large databases. the software has to be up to the job. The Oracle Exadata Database Machine X2 for SAP is ideal for initiating consolidations or effectively supporting ongoing consolidation initiatives. The Oracle Enterprise Manager management software has a unique top-down design that delivers outstanding service quality at extremely low IT operating costs. software and networking components delivered pre-configured. Exadata can still result in considerably improved performance in the classic BW environment. Please see more in SAP Note 1590515 – SAP Software and Oracle Exadata. utilizes latest Intel Xeon processors. We would expect to see significant improvements in performance in terms of OLTP. Exadata for SAP enables a previously unheard of database service. Secure Files. Business benefits of Oracle consolidations are: Performance – Massive parallel grid with wide InfiniBand pipes increases data bandwidth between servers. best database security and best manageability and self-management. resulting in real IT cost savings. Advanced Security. intelligent software offloads data-intensive query processing to storage servers. Oracle Automatic Storage Management is used as the file system and volume manager for Exadata.sap. More detailed information and best practices can be found in the technical white paper “Using SAP NetWeaver with the Oracle Exadata Database Machine” located on SDN under https://www. In the area of SAP BI/BW. Our measurements to date show that the hardware failure rate is dominated by disk failures. Oracle RAC and partitioning). The Oracle Database 11g Release 2 includes features such as Advanced Compression. despite the fact that functions such as Smart Scans are not used.12 Q&A Oracle Exadata Database Machine for SAP Q: How do SAP customers benefit from using the Oracle Exadata Database Machine? A: The Oracle Database Machine is a tested out-ofthe-box solution featuring a fully integrated highavailability platform for database and database-based applications. The Oracle Exadata Database Machine delivers the following benefits while also reducing TCO: best performance and scalability. SAS drives and Smart Flash Caches. The Database Machine also includes Oracle Exadata Storage Software with Oracle Automatic Storage Management (ASM). redundant servers. redundant network. measurements and tests are being undertaken at present.sdn. The Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) enables use of clustered and active-active databases. It’s a fact that Oracle is the market’s leading database in the SAP environment. redundant storage servers. For the Oracle Exadata Database Machine to provide excellent and beneficial database services.com/irj/sdn/ora .g. Oracle ASM provides a consolidated environment where multiple databases can be stored and managed within the same disk group. Exadata has fully redundant hardware.
All rights reserved. . Potential savings based on total hardware costs. Copyright © 2010. Oracle Database and options licenses not included. Actual results and savings may vary. Oracle Exadata Database Machines. 10x faster based on comparing Oracle data warehouses on customer systems vs. Oracle and/or its a affiliates. Oracle and Java are registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates.10x Faster The World’s Fastest Database Machine • Hardware by Sun • Software by Oracle Runs Oracle * * But you have to be willing to spend 50% less on hardware.
was used depending on the platform and the operating system (e. external files. and raw devices. therefore eliminating the need for multiple 3rd party software layers. Oracle ASM is easier to manage than conventional file systems. Oracle ASM is Oracle’s recommended storage management solution for SAP on Oracle RAC and Oracle single instance that provides an alternative to conventional volume managers.g.0.2 Clusterware. medium and large SAP customers on all available and certified platforms for SAP applications (HP-UX. Sun QFS for Sun. and Linux). 10. The underlying shared cluster file system. This certification has been done as of Oracle version 11. The Oracle Cloud File System includes: • Oracle Automatic Storage Management (ASM) • Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System (ACFS) • Oracle Automatic Storage Management Dynamic Volume Manager (ADVM) These three main parts of Oracle Cloud File System create an integrated foundation for database and general purpose files as well as an infrastructure for cluster and single node server configurations. Oracle Clusterware files and non-structured general purpose data such as Oracle and SAP kernel binaries. Overview of Automatic Storage Management (ASM) Oracle ASM is a volume manager and a file system for Oracle database files that supports single-instance Oracle Database and Oracle Real Application Clusters configurations. Additionally.2 for Oracle Single Instance and Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC). complexity and cost. “Oracle Cloud File System” that compliments Oracle Automatic Storage Management for Oracle Databases is now certified by SAP. The Oracle Grid Infrastructure simplifies and streamlines management of volumes.2. Complexity and cost can be reduced enormously for SAP customers using Oracle RAC by using SAPCTL (SAP Control) based on Oracle Database Rel. Oracle ASM lowers the Oracle database storage total cost of ownership and increases storage utilization while improving performance and availability over traditional file system and volume management solutions.2. Starting with Oracle Database 11g (11. Windows. 2 and Oracle Database 11g Rel. required by Oracle RAC. has the performance of raw volumes.0.2) Oracle Cloud File System is the preferred storage platform for SAP systems running on Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC). SAP customers are now able to use Oracle Cloud File System to manage ALL data: Oracle Database files. and is tightly integrated with the Oracle Database forming the foundation of a storage grid for Oracle. Sun. Oracle ASM uses disk groups to store data files. file systems and cluster configurations. Network Appliance NFS and OCFS for Linux and Windows).14 ORACLE CLOUD FOR SAP Oracle Automatic Storage Management (ASM) and ASM Cluster File System (ACFS) available for SAP customers INTRODUCTION Oracle Real Application Clusters 10g Rel. Oracle ASM exposes a file system interface for Oracle . as well as SAP systems running on a single Oracle Database. an Oracle ASM disk group is a collection of disks that Oracle ASM manages as a unit. Within a disk group. AIX. making SAP services highly available and eliminating the need of 3rd party software. and text files. 2 for SAP has been implemented by many small. Oracle ASM eliminates the need for 3rd party volume managers and file systems for managing the Oracle database files. file systems. HP Service Guard Cluster File System for HP-UX.
The Oracle ASM volume manager functionality provides flexible server-based mirroring options. configuration. Oracle ADVM snapshot are tightly integrated with the Oracle Database. as shown in Figure 1. Oracle customers can benefit from a single integrated solution instead of acting as the systems integrator and dealing with the complexities of integrating different software layers from different vendors in house. Oracle ASM was a volume manager and a file system for Oracle database files only. and storage management technology that extends Oracle Automatic Storage Management functionality to support customer files maintained outside of the Oracle Database. Oracle ACFS can be accessed using industry standard Network Attached Storage (NAS) File Access Protocols: Network File System (NFS) and Common Internet File System (CIFS). Oracle RAC. The performance is comparable to the performance of raw devices. participating directly in Clusterware cluster membership state transitions and in Oracle Clusterware resource-based high availability (HA) management. and management tools have been updated to support Oracle ACFS. The Oracle ASM normal and high redundancy disk groups enable two-way and three-way mirroring respectively. Clusterware and other Oracle technologies and presents a comprehensive and well tested solution for SAP customers running the Oracle Database. Oracle installation. . Oracle ACFS can be configured and managed using Oracle Enterprise Management tools. verification. Overview of Oracle ASM Cluster File System (ACFS) Oracle ACFS can be accessed and managed using native operating system file system tools and standard application programming interfaces (APIs). This capability simplifies the integration of Oracle ASM into pre-existing environments. When you add or remove disks from a disk group. Figure 1 An Oracle ACFS file system is a layer on Oracle ASM and is configured with Oracle ASM storage. Now. Oracle ASM files can coexist with other storage management options such as raw disks and third-party file systems. In addition. Oracle ACFS leverages Oracle ASM functionality that enables: • Oracle ACFS dynamic file system resizing • Maximized performance through direct access to Oracle ASM disk group storage • Balanced distribution of Oracle ACFS across Oracle ASM disk group storage for increased I/O parallelism • Data reliability through Oracle ASM mirroring protection mechanisms Prior to Oracle Database 11g Release 2. The content of files that are stored in a disk group is evenly distributed to eliminate hot spots and to provide uniform performance across the disks. Oracle ACFS is tightly coupled with Oracle Clusterware technology. Oracle ASM automatically redistributes the file contents and eliminates the need for downtime when redistributing the content. You can add or remove disks from a disk group while a database continues to access files from the disk group. scalable file system.Oracle Cloud for SAP 15 database files. Oracle ACFS. Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System is a multi-platform. Oracle ASM.
2. An Oracle ADVM volume device is constructed from an Oracle ASM dynamic volume.sap. alert logs. These file systems contained on Oracle ASM volumes are able to support files beyond Oracle database files.16 Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System (Oracle ACFS) is layered on Oracle ASM through the Oracle ADVM interface.sdn.oracle. or system failures. One or more Oracle ADVM volume devices may be configured within each Oracle ASM disk group. and other application data files. report files.2) installation • Configuration of Source and Target system • Online database migration through RMAN using “duplicate from active database” in case the OS platform does not change or if the source and target system have the same ENDIAN • Off line database migration thorough RMAN using “transportable tablespaces” or export/import or Triple O based on Oracle GoldenGate if the platform changes (can also be used for homogeneous migration) • For more information about the migration process. An Oracle ADVM volume device exports Oracle ASM volume manager features and ensures that volume mirrors remain consistent in the face of abnormal system shutdowns. Oracle ASM instance failures. Customers can migrate their current file systems to ASM/ACFS/ADVM in a smooth way based on the best practices published on http://www. SAP customers can now move their databases to ASM. Based on these white papers the migration can be briefly described as follow: • Oracle ASM Disk Groups configuration • Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation • Oracle Database 11g Release 2 and first patch set (11. Oracle ADVM extends Oracle ASM by providing a disk driver interface to Oracle ASM storage allocated as Oracle ASM volume files.0. The Oracle ADVM Driver maps I/O requests against an Oracle ADVM volume device to blocks in a corresponding Oracle ASM dynamic volume and disk set located within an Oracle ASM disk group. Moving SAP databases to Oracle Database 11g Release 2 ASM Overview of Oracle ASM Dynamic Volume Manager (ADVM) Oracle ASM Dynamic Volume Manager (Oracle ADVM) provides volume management services and a standard disk device driver interface to clients. With the addition of the Oracle ADVM. such as executable files.com/irj/sdn/ora and SAP Note 1550133. http://www. check the white papers mentioned above . File systems and other disk-based applications send I/O requests to Oracle ADVM volume devices as they would to other storage devices on a vendor operating system. the preferred storage platform for SAP systems running on RAC and single instance. Oracle ASM becomes a complete storage solution of user data for both database and non-database file needs. trace files.com/sap. Because Oracle ADVM volumes are actually Oracle ASM files. they require the same administrative privileges as the Oracle ASM files. You can use Oracle ADVM to create virtual disks that contain file systems.
Exadata “Stunning” “A screamer” “Performance boost of up to 300x” Experts Say “Wiped the floor with Netezza/Teradata” Customer Quotes in Piper Jaffray Report. All rights reserved.com/exadata Individual results depend on a number of factors and actual results may vary. 10/19/10 oracle. Oracle and Java are registered trademarks . 300x performance gain customer reported . Oracle and/or its a affiliates. Copyright © 2010.
18 PROVIDING A COMPLETE IT INFRASTRUCTURE STACK T O R U N S A P A P P L I C AT I O N S E V E N B E T T E R Complete Stack for SAP Applications Oracle Sun Storage Oracle’s Sun storage offers the industry’s broadest portfolio of high-performance. maximize data protection. and cooling requirements. tier-1 storage that scales in every dimension. These products optimize performance. Oracle’s proven StorageTek tape and library solutions help you manage complexity. and integrated product strategy provides flexibility and choice to our customers across their IT infrastructure. Oracle Enterprise Linux. Now. operating system. including excellent system availability. Sun Flash Storage As the volume and value of data grows beyond online resources and backup windows. and increase productivity using Oracle’s Sun Flash products across a full range of blade. Oracle offers some of the fastest and most cost-efficient host bus adapters. open. StorageTek Tape Storage Oracle’s complete. optimizes storage hardware investments. control costs. improve business response times. with Sun servers. leading performance. Sun Storage Software Oracle’s comprehensive suite of storage software efficiently manages data growth. storage. switches. simplified management. scalability. and heterogeneous environments. Sun Disk Storage For enterprise customers looking for superior I/O connectivity. middleware and management tools. Sun Storage Networking Turbocharge database applications. space. and other leading operating and virtualization platforms with greater performance and efficiency. Sun Unified Storage (OpenStorage) Oracle’s Sun Unified Storage systems combine an innovative storage architecture and file system with storage analytics and management technologies to deliver leadership performance and value. cost effective. and reduces the cost and complexity of storage management. and cost-saving efficiencies. Tailor performance profiles to site and application specific needs to achieve higher application performance while reducing power. Oracle VM. Oracle’s complete portfolio of mission-critical servers are engineered to deliver record-breaking performance. and easy to manage storage solutions. and reduce the cost of ownership for Oracle databases. and deliver on service level agreements. and low total cost of ownership. rackmount and scalable server products. Oracle’s open architecture and multiple operating system options gives our customers unmatched benefits. database. energy efficiency. virtualization technology. . Our systems are optimized to run Oracle Solaris. directors. Oracle is the only vendor able to offer a complete technology stack in which every layer is integrated to work together as a single system. and routers on the market today. Oracle Sun Servers Oracle’s Sun storage fibre channel arrays provide mission-critical. applications.
InfiniBand. enterprise-class portfolio of virtualization solutions across the stack. including Oracle Database. from applications to disk. management. and support of your IT infrastructure and to deliver unmatched performance and scalability. which are certified with Oracle VM. Server Virtualization Oracle VM Server for x64 Oracle’s Ethernet. Applications. the balanced architecture of the Sun Blade 6000 chassis provides an open. storage. Oracle VM is server virtualization software that fully supports both Oracle and non-Oracle applications. Virtualization offers cost savings through consolidation and lower energy. standards-based infrastructure for virtualization and consolidation. and advanced networking capabilities to support a complex and dynamic mix of IT workloads. Oracle uses best-of-breed components to greatly simplify the deployment. as well as enterprise cloud deployments. customers now have a comprehensive. Fusion Middleware. Sun Networking Products Only Oracle offers the industry’s most comprehensive desktop-to-data center virtualization solutions portfolio that can virtualize and manage your full hardware and software stack. and delivering new business services. Controlled by a single system management interface. Oracle’s virtualization solutions provide these benefits and much more. and Linux. and manageability. multi-tier applications and are available in two series: The Sun SPARC Enterprise T-Series with chip multi-threading (CMT) technology for highly concurrent applications. and flexibility Backed by Oracle’s world-class support organization. facility. Sun SPARC Enterprise servers are designed to meet the needs of complex. and the Sun SPARC Enterprise M-Series for complex processing requiring mainframe-class capacity and availability. agility. The Sun SPARC Enterprise server family includes systems designed for optimal performance on all application tiers. lowering ownership costs. and Fibre Channel products provide advanced network capabilities and serve as the foundation for increasing productivity. and delivers more efficient performance. Sun SPARC Enterprise Servers VIRTUALIZATION Oracle’s Sun SPARC Enterprise servers running Oracle Solaris are ideal for mission-critical applications that require best-in-class availability. Sun Blade Servers Oracle’s Sun Blade modular systems integrate robust x86 and SPARC-based servers. from highly concurrent web applications to complex enterprise applications and data warehouses. .Oracle – Complete IT Infrastructure Stack 19 Sun x86 Servers Oracle is the only company that can offer tightly integrated x86 clustered systems from applications to disk. including: • Highly optimized and integrated hardware and software virtualization solutions • Integrated management from applications to disk • Easier and faster deployment of software • Greater IT efficiency. scalability. and labor costs. Oracle’s world-class support organization offers customers a single point of enterprise-class support for their entire virtualization environments.
Oracle Solaris enables customers to increase system and service availability while reducing infrastructure costs and risk. improved power management and energy efficiency. and secure. Linux. Unlike other virtualization technologies. Oracle Solaris is designed to provide superior performance and scalability. fine grained CPU and memory resource control. scalability. An integral part of the Solaris 10 Operating System. Desktop Virtualization Oracle Solaris is the #1 enterprise OS for data centers. Oracle Solaris offers the most complete range of reliability features and delivers data center reliability on systems ranging from a single processor to hundreds of processors and cores. and reliability for enterprise applications. derived from the stable 2.20 Oracle VM Server for SPARC Operating Systems – Oracle Solaris Oracle VM Server for SPARC (previously called Sun Logical Domains) provides highly efficient. DTrace and Predictive Self Healing. databases. developers.32 mainline Linux kernel • Reliable—Supports the Data Integrity Extensions and T10 Protection Information Model. Run Solaris 8. and service providers. and network resources for a broad range of mission-critical workloads. Solaris 9 and Solaris 10 applications in Containers on the latest systems and save on power. Each environment has its own identity. Solaris Containers isolate software applications and services using flexible. . It optimizes the system CPU. This capability is available at no additional cost. separate from the underlying hardware. administrative. 200% speedup of Infiniband messaging. Safely consolidate multiple applications onto one system and increase your utilization rates with the advanced functionality of Solaris 10. 137% faster solid state disk access • Modern—Optimized for large servers. improves application uptime • Optimized for Oracle—Built and tested to run Oracle hardware. delivering extreme performance. advanced scalability. security and reliability on a choice of clustered or single-servers running Windows. and UNIX. cooling. I/O. safe. software defined boundaries and allows many private execution environments to be created within a single instance of the Solaris 10 OS. space. Oracle Linux • Oracle Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) • Oracle Secure Global Desktop • Sun Ray • Oracle VM Virtual Box Storage Virtualization Oracle Linux combined with Oracle‘s Unbreakable Enterprice Kernel brings the latest Linux innovations to market. enterpriseclass virtualization capabilities for Sun SPARC Enterprise servers with Chip multi-threading (CMT) technology. and middleware. Recommended for all enterprise applications Oracle Database for SAP • Oracle Sun Storage Virtualization • Oracle Automatic Storage Management • Oracle Exadata • Oracle VM Storage Connect Oracle Database 11g Release 2 Enterprise Edition delivers industry leading performance. so it behaves as if it’s running on its own system making consolidation simple. The proven reliability of Oracle Solaris gives customers built-in fault tolerance through features such as ZFS.6. Oracle VM Server for SPARC allows you to create up to 128 virtual servers on one system to take advantage of the massive thread scale offered by the CMT architecture. The combination is: • Fast—Delivers more than 75% performance gain in OLTP performance tests over a Red Hat 5 Compatible Kernel. memory. Oracle Solaris provides industry-leading performance and scalability. and support costs. OS Virtualization with Solaris Containers allows you to maintain the one-application-per-server deployment model while simultaneously sharing hardware resources.
SAP on Oracle Database 11g Release 2 Oracle General Availability of RAC for SAP SAP supports Oracle Database 11g Release 2 for SAP products based on SAP Kernel 6. servers. transaction processing and consolidated mixed application workloads. With the Sun Oracle Database Machine.x and higher. Sub and Interval Partitioning. Customers are. HP-UX. SecureFiles. including data warehousing. Oracle Exadata Storage Servers combine Oracle’s smart storage software and Oracle’s industry-standard Sun hardware to deliver the industry’s highest database storage performance.40. 2009. storage and networking for all data management. The result is faster parallel data processing and less data movement through higher bandwidth connections. For information about Oracle RAC support. This massively parallel architecture also offers linear scalability and mission critical reliability. In addition. Index. Oracle Exadata: Sun Oracle Database Machine The Sun Oracle Database Machine is the world’s fastest for any type of database workload. Advanced Security (Tablespace. Linux. Some of the major new features for SAP customers are Advanced Compression (Table. only allowed to use the certified cluster components and SAP product versions as specified in SAP Note 527843. and the only database machine that runs transaction processing applications.0. however. See this note for all further information. SecureFile and Backup Encryption). Oracle Database 11g Release 2 already demonstrated its performance leadership by delivering a world record result for a two-tier configuration on the SAP Business Intelligence-Data Mart (BI-D) standard application benchmark. and Backup Compression). Existing RAC customers (Oracle 9. see SAP Note 527843. and content management applications. and AIX). Oracle Exadata Storage Servers use a massively parallel architecture to dramatically increase data bandwidth between the database server and storage. GA status is only valid for Oracle 10. search data up to ten times faster. smart storage software offloads data-intensive query processing from Oracle Database 11g servers and does the query processing closer to the data. Oracle Database 11g Release 2 Enterprise Edition comes with a wide range of options to extend the world’s #1 database to help grow your business and meet your users’ performance. Direct NFS.2) will continue to receive full support for their installations. including the list of certified cluster components and SAP products. which means that all new Oracle RAC installations must meet this requirement.2 and Oracle 10. customers can consolidate all their database applications. To overcome the limitations of conventional storage.4 and higher. It is a complete package of software. Dictionary-Only Add Column. The Sun Oracle Database Machine also includes Oracle’s new Sun FlashFire technology to cache ‘hot’ data for dramatically improved transaction response times and throughput. security and availability service level expectations. Deferred Segment Creation. and Database Vault. The SAP release of Oracle Real Application Clusters 11g occurs at the same time as the general release of Oracle Database 11g in the SAP environment. The GA status for Oracle RAC also means that customers can now use Oracle RAC for their production SAP systems without any formal approval from SAP. and make faster business decisions in real time without making changes to applications. Oracle Database 11g (single instance) and Oracle Real Application Clusters 11g for SAP are available for the major UNIX platforms (Solaris.Oracle – Complete IT Infrastructure Stack 21 It provides comprehensive features to easily manage the most demanding transaction processing. and Windows – as listed with details regarding the OS versions in SAP Note 1398634. It contains important details about the released RAC configurations. Online Patching.2. Customers who want to implement the new features provided by Oracle Database 11g Release 2 and Real Application Clusters 11g can find detailed information in a series of technical white papers as well as in technical skill workshops offered by Oracle Services and Support for SAP. business intelligence. 7. . As of January 1. store up to ten times more data. Real Application Testing. Oracle RAC is now in support status “General Availability (GA)” for use with SAP systems.
Oracle Identity Management 11g enables customers to efficiently comply with regulatory requirements. Oracle Waveset. Efficiently Manage Your Sun Hardware with Ops Center • Validate system security — Verify the integrity of your system using Oracle Solaris Secure Execution and file verification features • Delegate appropriate privileges — Reduce risk by granting only the privileges needed with user and process rights management • Simplify administration — Use the open standards based Oracle Solaris cryptographic and key management frameworks for file and network encryption • Ensure strong defenses — Protect your system against attack using the Secure By Default networking profile.22 Middleware and Systems Management IT Management Security and Oracle Identity Management Both Solaris features plus Oracle middleware tools help SAP customers run their environment safe and secure. Oracle Sun has integrated Oracle’s Enterprise Manager Ops Center with SAP Adaptive Computing Controller (ACC) and thus lets SAP customers deploy and configure their SAP landscape on Oracle Sun IT layers more easily. TCP Wrappers and IPsec/IKE Oracle Identity Management Oracle Enterprise Manager Ops Center is the most comprehensive solution for managing physical and virtual Sun infrastructure. and SUSE. Red Hat. secure critical applications and sensitive data. provision users and services and prevent risk from daily IT operations. and lower operational costs. providing greater security and compliance in the data center. Some examples are: • Meet stringent access-control demands — Provide the strong mandatory access controls required by governments and financial institutions using Oracle Solaris Trusted Extensions Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g helps IT organizations achieve an ROI of 149% for their IT management investments while also helping them to reduce customer-reported IT issues by as much as 80%. It also provides management for Linux operating systems from Oracle. Using the most complete and best-in-class suite of identity management solutions available. Solaris operating systems. Ops Center dramatically improves the efficiency of IT operations while reducing system downtime. IP Filter firewall. the former Sun IDM product. including Sun servers. . With its rich lifecycle management capabilities and built-in automation. is integrated and works together with SAP BO Access Control to provide an end-to-end security and governance and risk solution for SAP customers. Ops Center’s world-class configuration and patch management capabilities ensure that systems stay accurate and up to date. and Solaris and SPARC virtualization technologies. enterprises can manage the entire user identity life cycle across all enterprise resources — both within and beyond the firewall.
SAP on Oracle Solaris
SAP ON ORACLE SOLARIS
The Oracle Solaris Operating System
The Oracle Solaris Operating System – supported on over 1000 x86 and SPARC platforms – delivers the performance, stability and security our customers demand. With thousands of applications available on Solaris, one OS can span your entire enterprise: the Web tier, the data warehouse, and the most demanding technical applications. Moving to Solaris 10 is easy, whether you’re upgrading from an older Solaris release or migrating from another OS. Oracle Sun and SAP have worked together since 1993 to provide a scalable, reliable, secure, flexible, and open computing infrastructure for customers around the globe. Over time, our joint efforts have paid off, helping Sun to consistently achieve many SAP Sales and Distribution standard application benchmark world records. Sun has 15 years of experience in scaling the OS to support throughput workloads. SAP leverages the scalability and performance of Solaris, whether on a 72-CPU SMP server, a 32-thread CoolThreads server, or a grid of x64 servers. With Solaris Containers, you can securely consolidate applications and increase the utilization of system resources by up to 80%. Solaris ZFS enables file systems to grow dynamically to virtually any size. All these features running on Sun servers create a powerful, efficient environment that can quickly scale and adapt to changes in demand or business processes.
Increase Business Efficiency, Lower Costs
replacing 9 servers to as many as 20 servers with a single server (see table for sample savings based on real-world configurations). A free onsite data center assessment is available.
2 IBM p595, 24 CPUs High-availability requirements 2 HP Superdome Itanium 2, 80.000 SAPS, 2x EMC CLARiiON CX4 model 240, VxVM, VxFS 14 HP servers (different types, PA-RISC) 2 Sun M8000, 12 4 Core CPUs 2 Sun B6000 with 12 x64 Blades (4 4-core 32GB) and 4 CMT blades (1 T2 8-core 32GB) 2 Sun X4600, 90320 SAPS, 256 GB, 2x Sun StorageTek 7410, Solaris ZFS 2 Sun X4600, 2 Sun M3000 23% lower operating costs than current configuration; 35% lower investment than proposed IBM P6 solution 89% savings in energy and cooling 87% savings in hardware maintenance 100% savings Veritas software license ROI within 6 months 76% savings in energy and cooling, HW maintenance not considered, ROI within 2 years
Enterprises are under tremendous pressure to do more with less: roll out new business services faster, fit more servers into the same space, and comply with new regulations — all while budgets are shrinking and headcount is frozen.
Sample TCO Savings with Sun Server Consolidations When TCO comparisons take into account costs for years 1 through 3 rather than year 1 only, Solaris wins over other options such as Linux that might appear low-cost but come with additional administration and licensing costs. The value-added features of Solaris coupled with its cross-hardware compatibility make its TCO very competitive indeed. When companies find themselves at an inflection point in SAP deployment, needing to squeeze the most value from existing SAP seats and licenses, server consolidation is an important way forward. In this context, it makes sense to consider Solaris for the following reasons:
Server consolidation with Solaris results in substantial reductions in total cost of ownership (TCO). Such information is always more meaningful if it is specific to your installation, and Oracle has TCO tools that can help you calculate the cost of your current infrastructure as well as the TCO of a consolidated infrastructure. Such server consolidations range from
Solaris’ platform compatibility means that it runs on everything from laptops to high-end servers. Deploy Solaris on low-cost systems to achieve highperformance and stability. Having one operating system run on various computing platforms significantly reduces administration cost.
Virtualization is free
Some advantages of Solaris are less easily quantified. In today’s economy, businesses need a painless solution that solves problems and reduces stress. Solaris offers proven and unparalleled stability. Solaris’ TCO is low in part because it needs so little administration and administering Solaris (for example patch management) is much easier than administering Linux. It just works.
Flexibility and agility
Solaris Containers are the only virtualization option currently supported by both Oracle and SAP (Oracle supports running in Oracle VM and in Solaris Containers; SAP supports running in VM ware and in Solaris Containers). Examine case studies regarding Containers for further details about the enterprise benefits of free virtualization using Solaris Containers.
Solaris is green
Cutting-edge technology features open the way for changing business processes and business network transformation. ZFS, virtualization, DTrace, network virtualization, identity management and many other capabilities make Solaris and Oracle software the ideal solutions for the changing business landscape.
Compliance and security
Green IT offers sustainability, energy and cost savings, and compliance with emerging regulations.
360-degree support for running SAP
Support for and integration with SAP GRC as well as robust secure as configured OS-level security are important enterprise considerations.
Having a single source for support is also a compelling value proposition for enterprise data centers. If problems arise, calling Oracle Sun will solve the problem. Oracle Sun’s role as an SAP Global Technology Partner, the Solaris Lab for SAP, and the Oracle Solution Center in Walldorf as well as SAPcertified migration consultants highlight Oracle’s commitment to supporting SAP customers.
Solaris, though often thought of in the context of high-end RISC servers, is included with Sun servers. For customers facing challenging business and technical requirements such as lowering costs, simplifying system administration, and maintaining high service levels, the Oracle Solaris operating system is the ideal choice. Only Solaris’ innovative, built-in features deliver:
SAP on Oracle Solaris
• Availability — Predictive Self Healing provides both hardware and software resiliency with automatic predictive component retirement, software restart, and live upgrade of the OS and applications, as well as simplified service administration that reduces opportunities for errors • Data Integrity — Oracle Solaris ZFS, an advanced file system, provides unmatched data integrity, automated error correction, and integrated data services that include unlimited snapshots and file compression • DTrace — DTrace Analytics provide safe, live observability from the lowest level of the kernel to high-level application constructs, allowing you to optimize performance and quickly solve issues in production environments
• Optimization — Solaris is optimized for the latest SPARC, Intel, and AMD processor technologies, high performance flexible networking, encryption acceleration, and memory allocation • Efficient Consolidation — Oracle Solaris Containers provide built-in, high-performance and flexible virtualization on any system, allowing for highly efficient consolidation, relocation and replication of application environments. P2V capabilities make it fast and easy to rehost existing Oracle Solaris 8 and 9 applications onto Oracle’s latest modern Sun SPARC servers
Oracle Solaris security, including Solaris Trusted Extensions, provides the separability and control required by governments and financial institutions without sacrificing hardware and application compatibility.
Oracle Solaris Enhancement
ORACLE DELIVERS ORACLE SOLARIS ENHANCEMENT
Update of the #1 Enterprise Operating System Provides Mission-Critical Security, Reliability and Performance on SPARC and x86 Systems
Building on its leadership in the enterprise operating system market, Oracle announced Oracle Solaris 10 9/10, Oracle Solaris Cluster 3.3 and Oracle Solaris Studio12.2. • 10 of the top 10 Telecommunications Companies, Utilities and Banks use Oracle Solaris • Oracle Solaris is now developed, tested and supported as an integrated component of Oracle’s “applications-to-disk” technology stack, which includes continuous major platform testing, in addition to the Oracle Certification Environment, representing over 50,000 test use cases for every Oracle Solaris patch and platform released • Oracle Solaris 10 9/10 provides networking and performance enhancements, virtualization capabilities, updates to Oracle Solaris ZFS and advancements to leverage systems based on the latest SPARC and x86 processors • The Oracle Solaris 10 9/10 update includes new features, fixes and hardware support in an easy-toinstall manner, preserving full compatibility with over 11,000 third-party products and customer applications • Oracle Solaris is designed to take advantage of large memory and multi-core/processor/thread systems and enable industry-leading performance, security and scalability for both existing and new systems • Oracle Solaris Cluster 3.3 builds on Oracle Solaris offer the most extensive, enterprise high availability and disaster recovery solutions. It provides the highest level of security with Oracle Solaris Trusted Extensions for mission-critical applications and services • Supports InfiniBand on public networks and as storage connectivity and is tightly integrated and thoroughly tested with Oracle’s Sun Server and Storage Systems
Oracle Solaris 10 9/10 features include:
• Networking and database optimizations for Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC). Oracle Solaris Containers now provide enhanced “P2V” (Physical to Virtual) capabilities to allow customers to seamlessly move from existing Oracle Solaris 10 physical systems to virtual containers quickly and easily • Increased reliability for virtualized Solaris instances when deployed using Oracle VM for SPARC, also known as Logical Domains • Oracle Solaris ZFS online device management, which allows customers to make changes to file system configurations, without taking data offline • New Oracle Solaris ZFS tools to aid in recovering from problems related to unplanned system downtime. Operating system, database and other Oracle Solaris patches are now verified and coordinated to provide the highest levels of quality, confidence and administrative streamlining
com/sap saponoracle_de@oracle. platform independent active-active clustering solution for both SAP and database through RAC and Clusterware/SAPCTL • Dictionary only add column with default • High Performance NAS Storage through Direct NFS Best Deployment Flexibility • Online Patching • Real Application Testing Option Best Availability & Reliability • Updatable Standby Database • Fully integrated. Oracle.com Copyright © 2010. platform independent active-active clustering solution for both SAP and database through RAC and Clusterware/SAPCTL Best Support for Very Large Databases • • • • • • RMAN Backup Compression SecureFile out-of-line LOB data compression Deferred Segments Creation Disk-Based Bitmap Indexes Dictionary only add column with default High Performance NAS Storage through Direct NFS Best Database Security • • • • Tablespace Encryption RMAN Backup Encryption Data Guard Secure Network Transport Database Vault Best Manageability & Self-Management • Real Application Testing Option • Online Patching • Automatic Workload Repository (AWR) Oracle – the # 1 Database for Deploying SAP Applications oracle.Only Oracle Database 1 1g Release 2 provides for SAP customers Best Performance & Scalability Oracle other DBs • Fully integrated. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its a affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. . All rights reserved.
000 SPARC and x86 systems from Oracle and other hardware providers. Oracle Solaris 11 Express will also power the Oracle Exadata X2-2 and X2-8 Database Machines. New availability features greatly reduce planned downtime by up to 50%. virtually eliminating traditional patching and maintenance related reboots and vastly improving system boot time to tens of seconds. Oracle Solaris 11 Express adds network virtualization and resource management to the complete. ZFS enhancements for file and block de-duplication. speed up applications. which allows customers to recover systems and databases in tens of seconds versus tens of minutes • Leading edge patching. Oracle Solaris 11 preserves guaranteed binary compatibility with over 11. Oracle Solaris is the #1 enterprise operating system. demonstrating Oracle’s continued commitment and R&D investment in Oracle Solaris.000 third-party products and customer developed applications on more than 1. security and performance on both SPARC and x86 systems. My Oracle Support telemetry integration with the Oracle Solaris in-depth fault management architecture allows customers to receive proactive and preemptive support that reduces service outages from known issues. built-in virtualization capabilities of Oracle Solaris. providing the highest performance virtualization environment with the lowest overhead. hundreds of terabytes of system memory and hundreds of Gigabits of I/O • A built in snapshot facility that always keeps a backup of the system boot image and allows customers to revert back to the old version with a simple reboot . Oracle Solaris 11 Express delivers advanced Oracle Solaris features that have been in development for over five years in an easy to use. upgrade and installation capabilities designed to reduce risk and greatly simplify the most common system administrator tasks • Maximum performance and scale for future hardware that will scale to tens of thousands of hardware threads. providing mission-critical availability. such as memory management and I/O enhancements. allowing customers to immediately use the latest Oracle Solaris features to deploy new applications. A L S O AVA I L A B L E O N O R A C L E E X A D ATA Oracle Releases Oracle Solaris 11 Express Oracle announced immediate availability of Oracle Solaris 11 Express. installation-ready package. and reduce network loads and complexity • Increased Oracle Database 11g and Java-based application performance through jointly engineered improvements. Fast Reboot. encryption and provisioning • Multi-tenancy with enhanced security for today’s virtual and cloud environments implementing the latest security standards • Further reductions in number of maintenance operations that require a reboot.28 SOLARIS E N A B L E S F I R S T D E P L O Y M E N T O F T H E L AT E S T O R A C L E S O L A R I S 1 1 F E AT U R E S . Key Features of Oracle Solaris 11 Express include: • Networking virtualization and resource manage ment capabilities that increase throughput.
Edward Screven. He discussed Oracle Virtualization.0. He unveiled eight world-record benchmark results. running the new SPARC T3 server family. Oracle’s complete. delivering better performance. John Fowler. with advanced virtualization features for the new SPARC T3 servers. availability. showcased key technology innovations and outlined the value of hardware and software. Oracle Chief Corporate Architect. Oracle Executive Vice President. Fowler also unveiled the next-generation Sun ZFS Storage Appliance product line that provides the best unified storage solutions for deploying Oracle Database and Applications. . and for data consolidation and data protection for Oracle Applications. the SPARC T3. open and integrated virtualization offering from desktop-todatacenter that includes Oracle VM for SPARC 2. engineered to work together. open and integrated solutions make it easier for customers to run a modern data center. Fowler introduced the industry’s first 16-core processor. security and management. Reiterating Oracle’s commitment to SPARC. efficiency and scalability for customers running mission-critical applications. Oracle is increasing its investment in the Oracle Solaris operating system and announced Solaris 11 Express. and SPARC T3 systems. Oracle Solaris 11 Express will provide customers and partners with early access to the latest Oracle Solaris 11 technology. a highly optimized Linux kernel for the Oracle Linux operating system. joined Fowler to discuss Oracle’s Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel.Oracle Solaris 11 Express 29 Additional Facts During his keynote presentation at Oracle OpenWorld 2010 in San Francisco. which deliver highly optimized system performance. the most complete.
delivering up to 20 percent more performance. memory mirroring and fault containment with Dynamic Domains and Solaris Containers. The SPARC Enterprise M-Series servers with Oracle Solaris provide mission-critical reliability. Customers running other applications will also benefit from the improved performance of the SPARC Enterprise M-Series servers. including: Simplified management for the entire integrated hardware and software stack. the enhanced SPARC Enterprise M-Series servers deliver increased performance. component redundancy and hot-swap. The recently announced Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g OpsCenter has new SPARC Enterprise M-Seriesspecific management capabilities. Oracle and Fujitsu announced the enhanced SPARC Enterprise M-Series server product line with a new processor SPARC64 VII+. ranging from the single-socket M3000 to the 64-socket M9000. all running at full speed. Oracle and Fujitsu also unveiled the unified enclosure design of the Oracle and Fujitsu SPARC Enterprise M-Series servers which features the logos of both companies. The new SPARC64 VII+ processor provides faster memory access and increased compute power. The SPARC Enterprise M-Series servers are Oracle and Fujitsu’s comprehensive line of SPARC Solaris servers. The SPARC Enterprise M-Series servers protect customer hardware and software investments with easy in-system processor and system board upgrades that enable customers to mix multiple generations of processors in one server. The ability to create.” including: Predictive self-healing. Oracle is optimizing the hardware. . Extensive combined hardware. The SPARC Enterprise M-Series servers run Oracle Solaris and deliver extreme reliability and scalability.0 GHz and double the size of the L2 cache up to 12MB. This announcement completes a full refresh of Oracle and Fujitsu’s entire line of SPARC servers. provision and configure Dynamic Domains and Solaris Containers. making the SPARC Enterprise M-Series servers a better consolidation platform. Jointly designed and manufactured by Oracle and Fujitsu. further demonstrating Oracle and Fujitsu’s continuing investment in the SPARC architecture. operating system and application testing to improve reliability and performance of the servers.30 Oracle and Fujitsu Enhance Sparc Enterprise O R A C L E A N D F U J I T S U E N H A N C E S PA R C E N T E R P R I S E M-SERIES SERVERS WITH NEW PROCESSOR Delivers Improved Performance and Investment Protection for Mission-Critical Computing Continuing their more than 20-year partnership and leadership in mission-critical computing. improved manageability and maximum investment protection for mission-critical computing. operating system and Oracle Applications to deliver maximum system performance. including: Increased clock speed of up to 3. (1) SPARC hardware and Oracle Solaris jointly engineered for maximum performance. manage. availability and serviceability (RAS) for applications that need to be “always on. and tightly engineered performance optimizations for customers running mission-critical SAP applications.
SOFTWARE. COMPLETE. . HARDWARE.
9 TB for R/3 (ECC6. And given the growth experienced by today’s databases. will require 16 digits in other DBMSes – no matter the actual number of digits. The capabilities provided by Oracle’s Advanced Compression Option (ACO) enables many customers to run the database in an in-memory mode by being able to fit the entire working set of the application in memory after 2x to 3x compression – giving applications a significant leap in performance. a VARCHAR(10) field containing the string ‘DB’ could require a total of 2+4=6 bytes of storage in other DBMSes. It has become imperative to employ more efficient ways of storing and managing data to meet the growing demands being placed on IT systems. Oracle Database will use only one additional byte to store information and will require 2+1=3 bytes of storage. A DECIMAL(16.0).5 TB for BW (7. Similarly. enterprise applications have proven to be among the fastest growing applications. Numeric data is stored with variable length in Oracle . depending on the actual data size. Oracle Database 11g Release 2 compression and space optimizations reduced the overall size of SAP systems from 4. . Exponential increases in data volumes in recent years have put enterprise IT infrastructures under severe pressure – from a cost. which often store numeric data using a fixed length format . This article discusses the Oracle Database 11g Release 2 capabilities that enable database administrators to control the ever-expanding storage volumes of their SAP databases and quantifies how those features will benefit the underlying database in a SAP environment. irrespective of the size of actual data. Some DBMSes uses four additional bytes to store information about VARCHAR data. Oracle has again set the industry standard by becoming a leader in compressed technology. Now with Oracle Database 11g Release 2.32 OPTIMIZING STORAGE IN SAP WITH O R A C L E D ATA B A S E 1 1 g R E L E A S E 2 Introduction Using actual customer data. from 1.3 TB for CRM (7. Oracle’s storage structures focus on efficiency and utilize only the minimum required space for each data type. when storing variable length character data using VARCHAR. Even prior to Oracle Database 11g. Oracle had already been a world leader in storage efficiency for customer data – Oracle’s database size is generally significantly smaller than other databases because of the key attributes of Oracle’s data representation on disk (see Storage Efficiency section below).4 TB to 0. there are significant advantages in the way data is internally stored in an Oracle database. Oracle Database’s overhead for storing such data can be as small as one byte. For example. there is often more overhead with other DBMSes than with Oracle Database. Businesses also have growing requirements to run applications and analytics faster and faster in spite of the growth in storage volumes.2) data type. operations like backups are increasingly seen as taking longer to perform – Oracle’s Advanced Compression Option can help make those operational tasks faster. In this example.7 TB to 1. to be more efficient in terms of data storage compared to other vendors’ databases. Drastic increases in storage volumes are evident in all types of applications.NUMBER data type which means that Oracle uses only the minimum required space to store the NUMBER data type.DECIMAL data type. however.0) and from 0. performance.9 TB to 0.0). Compare this to other DBMSes. for example. Storage Efficiency Even before applying compression. especially under SAP. thereby providing both storage efficiency + performance as benefits. scalability and manageability perspective. This has helped Oracle databases.
As the bitmap representation is very efficient from a storage perspective. Starting with Oracle Database 10.2. Through the use of bitmap indexes. Customer experiences show that up to 75% less disk space (compared to using non-compressed indexes) is needed for key compressed indexes. including memory and network bandwidth.5GB.0. network (Data Guard Redo Transport) or backup (RMAN and Data Pump) data. out-of-the-box. and also provide The Oracle Database 11g Advanced Compression Option introduces a comprehensive set of compression capabilities to help customers maximize resource utilization and reduce storage costs. Even after full database reorganization has taken place. For columns where each value is repeated hundreds or thousands of times. especially for low and medium cardinality data. Real world example: The size of the index ‘GLPCA~1’ was reduced from 18GB to 4. Oracle requires less storage space. thereby reducing the storage for repeated values. followed by an example benefit of implementing that features in a SAP environment. an additional 20% of total disk space reduction for the whole database can be achieved using index compression. Although storage cost savings are often seen as the most tangible benefit of compression. A brief description of each Advanced Compression capability is outlined below. for the same data compared to other DBMS’es – even without (explicit) compression. It allows IT administrators to significantly reduce their overall database storage footprint by enabling compression for all types of data – be it relational (OLTP table compression). bitmap indexes can save significant space over other index types. SAP certified the use of index compression to save disk space for indexes and reduce total database size on disk. Index Compression and Bitmap Indexes significant performance improvements. Bitmap indexes are used in SAP BW to model star and snow flake schema’s in the database. Index compression allows compression of key column values in an index or index organized table. A bitmap index uses a bitmap (or bit vector) for each key value instead of a list of row identifiers. Oracle is able to implement highly efficient star transformation techniques for SAP BW reports. Because of this greater storage efficiency. this difference can easily get extended to a point where other DBMSs use 40-50% more space than Oracle Database to store an equivalent dataset in a real world setting. . Depending on the table structure.Optimizing Storage in SAP 33 To understand the impact of Oracle’s efficient internal storage structures on real world data. innovative technologies included in the Advanced Compression Option are designed to reduce resource requirements and technology costs for a number of components of your IT infrastructure. unstructured (SecureFiles Compression and Deduplication).2. it is important to remember that even without compression there are significant differences in the way data is internally stored in Oracle compared to other DBMS’es. Bitmap indexes are compressed by definition and do not require compression to be turned on separately. Oracle Advanced Compression Index compression is part of the Enterprise Edition so no additional options or licenses are required. a bitmap index typically could be less than 25% of the size of a regular B-tree index.
SecureFiles compression can result in huge storage savings for applications storing unstructured data inside the database. the system would store one copy of the file for each of the 10 users – requiring 10MB of storage. while retaining the advantages of the Oracle database. offers a “best-of-both-worlds” architecture for storing semi-structured and unstructured content. utilizes industry standard compression algorithms to further minimize the storage requirements of SecureFiles data. Without SecureFiles Deduplication. The first feature. SecureFiles Compression. users can determine the optimal storage savings and compression CPU overhead for their environment. in many cases performance will improve due to the reduction in I/O since Oracle will have to access fewer blocks. SecureFiles is specifically engineered to deliver high performance for file data comparable to that of traditional file systems. With SecureFiles compression typical files. Oracle stores one copy of the SecureFiles LOB and replaces the duplicate copies with references to the first copy. SecureFiles Deduplication. the buffer cache will become more efficient by storing more data without having to add memory. Therefore. Furthermore. a feature introduced in Oracle Database 11g Release 1. SecureFiles is designed as a superset of the ANSI standard LOB data type and offers easy migration from existing BasicFile LOBs. there is no measurable performance degradation for accessing compressed data. In fact. Portal and PI as they use the LOB Data type a lot for storing documents. SecureFiles. is an intelligent technology that eliminates duplicate copies of SecureFiles data. SecureFiles Compression and Deduplication Securefiles are important for the following reasons: • Very important for SAP Applications like CRM. even across multiple columns. such as documents or XML files. One significant advantage is Oracle’s ability to read data in compressed blocks directly without having to first uncompress the block. With three levels of compression available (LOW. such as documents. experience a reduction of 2x to 3x in size. The algorithm works by eliminating duplicate values within a database block. Using built-in intelligence. The second feature. In general. . contracts. Consider a content management application where 10 users store an identical 1MB document in the system. That is. That’s a 90% savings in storage requirements. the amount of space consumed by compressed data will be two to four times smaller than that of the uncompressed data. If the application uses SecureFiles with Deduplication. SecureFiles Compression automatically avoids compressing data that would not benefit from compression – for instance a document that was compressed via a 3rd party tool before being inserted into the database as a SecureFiles file.34 OLTP Table Compression Oracle’s OLTP Table Compression uses a unique compression algorithm specifically designed to work with OLTP applications. MEDIUM and HIGH). SAP customers can expect to reduce their storage space consumption by a factor of 2x to 4x by using the OLTP Table Compression feature. spreadsheets and XML files. The benefits of OLTP Table Compression go beyond just on-disk storage savings. the precursor to SecureFiles. workflow information and etc… • Significantly faster access times compared to LOBs in SAP environments – improved performance over Basicfiles and LONGs for larger LOBs • Improved Oracle RAC scalability over Basicfiles – increased transaction throughput on SAP cluster tables especially with Oracle RAC • Prerequisite for compression and encryption • Used by all SAP products in the following way: Replacing LONG and LONG RAWs used in many SAP tables such as SAP cluster tables in SAP ERP Advanced Compression has two storage optimization features that can be leveraged with SecureFiles. specifically the cardinality of the data. it will store the 1MB attachment just once. The compression ratio achieved in a given environment depends on the nature of the data being compressed.
Due to RMAN’s tight integration with Oracle Database. Data Pump is used to perform a “logical” backup by offloading data from one or more tables into a flat file. redo data is generated and written to the local redo log files. SAP Benefits with Advanced Compression Using various customers’ SAP data. But unlike operating system or file system compression utilities. the data and metadata generated by Data Pump exports can be compressed with Advanced Compression. maintain. RMAN compression and Data Pump compression yielded significant savings. Features such as OLTP table compression. errors and data corruption. Data Pump compression is an inline operation. and automation software infrastructure needed to create. Oracle Advanced Compression also includes the capability to compress backup data. monitoring. Oracle Data Guard provides the management. Oracle Advanced Compression includes RMAN compression technology that can dramatically reduce the storage requirements for backup data. disasters. redo data may be transmitted in a compressed format to reduce network bandwidth consumption and in some cases reduce transmission time of redo data. redo data can be transmitted in a compressed format when the Oracle Data Guard configuration uses either synchronous redo transport (SYNC) or asynchronous redo transport (ASYNC). also known as a “physical” backup. Implementation Overview for Compression in SAP Environments Below are some basic implementation guidelines regarding how to approach an Oracle Database 11g Release 2 upgrade in terms of implementing compression technologies in SAP environments for the purpose of storage optimization: . Network Compression Data Guard Redo Transport Services are used to transfer this redo data to the standby site(s).Optimizing Storage in SAP 35 Backup Compression In addition to compressing data stored inside the database. With Advanced Compression. backup data is compressed before it is written to disk or tape and doesn’t need to be uncompressed before recovery – providing an enormous reduction in storage costs. Similarly. Data Guard maintains synchronization of primary and standby databases using redo data (the information required to recover a transaction). The table below outlines the extraordinary benefits of Advanced Compression for SAP. which can be used to perform database. Recovery Manager (RMAN) and Data Pump are the two most commonly used tools to backup the data stored inside an Oracle Database. As transactions occur in the primary database. As of Oracle Database 11g Release 2. RMAN makes a block-by-block backup of the database data. so the reduced dump file size means a significant savings in disk space. Oracle conducted tests using Advanced Compression features to estimate the total storage savings in a SAP environment. there is no need to uncompress a Data Pump dump file before importing it. tablespace or block level recovery. index prefix compression. and monitor one or more standby databases to protect enterprise data from failures. Oracle Advanced Compression includes the capability to compress the backup data generated by both of these tools.
reduced installation time and performance improvements for querying data dictionary tables. Dictionary Only Add Column • Very important for SAP Applications like CRM or XI who store large (uncompressed) amount of data in LOBs 4. the database optimizes the resource usage and storage requirements for this same operation. Start with Index Compression • Improves R/3 performance the most as all database access in R/3 environments is index based. are deferred until the first row is inserted. LOB segments. With this new feature. As the name implies.2. and any associated indexes for that table.2 this capability also works for partitioned objects (tables. In addition to the space savings. the benefits of dictionary only add column include: • Sub-second schema modifications and no space usage – regardless of the size of the table or added columns • While tables of all sizes benefit from this feature. adding new columns with DEFAULT values and a NOT NULL constraint to an existing table required both an exclusive lock on the table and the default value to be stored in all existing records. up to 70% of tables are created but never populated.Compression Results Examples Prior to Oracle Database 11g. Implement SecureFiles Compression The main advantage of deferred segment creation is storage savings for application tables that are automatically created but never populated with data. Implement OLTP Table Compression • Reporting queries and OLTP run faster by being able to hold more data in the buffer cache and reducing disk I/O • Provides very good disk space savings 3. In many SAP implementations. Queries on data dictionary tables are also faster. deferred segment creation can significantly benefit SAP customers through storage savings. adding columns to large tables in this fashion is dramatically faster • Significantly reduces disk space usage . especially index range scans • Up to 20% disk space reduction for complete database 2. indexes)). default values of columns are maintained in the data dictionary for columns specified as NOT NULL.0. the segment creation for these tables is deferred until the first row is added to the table. In general. SAP heavily queries Oracle’s data dictionary tables as part of its built-in space management processes. non-partitioned heap-organized tables can take advantage of a new feature called Deferred Segment Creation (with 11.36 1. In addition. Therefore. In Oracle Database 11g. deferred segment creation increases the speed of SAP system installation since it eliminates the space allocation operations for empty objects during a SAP installation. adding new columns with DEFAULT values and NOT NULL constraints only requires the necessary metadata to be stored in the data dictionary and no longer requires the default value to be stored physically in all existing records. This type of behavior is extremely common in SAP environments. Additional SAP Compression/Storage Capabilities Deferred Segment Creation In Oracle Database 11g Release 2. Specifically. RMAN Backup Compression • Additional disk space savings (even if database tables and indexes are already compressed) SAP R/3 and BW Tables -. where typical installations create thousands of tables – many of which are never populated with data. Adding columns in this manner is very common for both the SAP BW applications and SAP upgrades.
Cube changes are very frequently triggered by BW users when additional key figures are needed in SAP BW reports • Similar performance improvement can be seen for SAP upgrades as additional columns are added for tables Unicode Charactersets Oracle uses a variable length representation on disk for multi-byte character sets.0). customer data was used to compare the storage consumption before and after implementing the individual features. Using various customers’ SAP data. Using this actual customer data. Oracle conducted tests using the additional Oracle capabilities to estimate the storage savings in a SAP environment. Companies must quickly adapt to the changing business landscape without impacting the bottom line. Bitmap Index’s and Unicode Character sets provide SAP users with significant advantages in storage savings.9 TB to 0. Oracle 11g Release 2 compression and space optimizations reduced the overall size of their SAP systems from 4. yet continue to deliver extraordinary application performance. Deferred Segment Creation. which reportedly have to use a fixed 2 Byte character set for SAP Unicode systems.4 TB to 0.9 TB for R/3 (ECC6. enterprises can efficiently manage their increasing data requirements throughout all components of their data center – minimizing costs while continuing to achieve the highest levels of application performance. Unicode is becoming very important for the following reasons: • Upcoming new SAP versions are Unicode only • All Java based SAP products require Unicode Additional SAP Compression/Storage Benefits Conclusion To quantify the results in an SAP environment. The table below outlines the additional estimated storage benefits provided by these capabilities: .3 TB for CRM (7.5 TB for a BW (7. The variable length representation is a significant space advantage. Built-in Oracle database capabilities including: Index Compression.0) and from 0. About 40% of disk space is saved by using the variable length UTF-8 character set for SAP enabled Unicode systems compared to the fixed multi-byte representation of other databases. The Advanced Compression Option of Oracle Database 11g provides a robust set of compression capabilities that enable IT managers to succeed in this complex environment. Dictionary Only Add Column.Optimizing Storage in SAP 37 • The process of adding columns in SAP BW triggered through cube changes is now more than 20x faster. from 1. compared to other database vendors. Storage Efficiency. improved data dictionary query performance and faster SAP installation times. SAP uses the UTF-8 character set within the Oracle Database for SAP Unicode systems. IT managers need to efficiently manage their existing infrastructure to control costs. The explosion in data volume being experienced by enterprises introduces significant challenges.0).7 TB to 1. Using the Advanced Compression Option.
which are defined by three different access strategies to the data in the database. And there is not much Oracle could or would need to add. So whereas in our discussion of topics number 1 and 2 we will show how much Oracle’s securityrelated products and features can do. e. • “Security” means “encryption”. g. From an Oracle perspective. While many regulatory requirements are procedural in nature. this is the easiest case. Putting the pieces together You want to protect the data created by SAP applications and are stored in an Oracle database. how do you do that? What are the threats and what are the measures you can take? Three main scenarios can be distinguished. the concern over unauthorized access to sensitive information has never been greater.38 O R A C L E D ATA B A S E S E C U R I T Y F O R S A P A P P L I C AT I O N S Summary Historically. We will. In order to address this misconception. in our discussion of this third topic we will need to clarify in which cases the Oracle products can help and in which cases you should look for other tools (see figure 1). Over the past decade. technical solutions are required to mitigate the risks associated with items such as unauthorized access and modification of data. it would be impossible to understand why Oracle offers two different security-related products to SAP customers. Many regulations have common themes that require strong and demonstrable controls on access to sensitive data as well as separation of duty. we will discuss what can and should be done on the database level. . • Database security can help fix application security issues. here they expect too much. there is a lot you can do to increase security. security has become a critical component in that list. the first and obvious way is the usage of interfaces provided by SAP’s applications (see figure 2). This one is obviously different from the previous misconceptions. because all questions – Which people should be able to access the data and which people should not? Which part of the data should a particular person be able to access? What exactly should this person be able to do with the data? – are asked and answered by SAP’s User and Privilege Management. The cost of data theft from both a financial and public relations standpoint can be significant. Then each of these products will be discussed in more detail. You should use the features provided by SAP to define the users as well as their privileges. But. therefore. if you use Oracle Database 10g or Oracle Database 11g for your SAP systems. At the same time compliance with regulations such as SarbanesOxley (SOX). but almost nothing can be done on the database level. European Union Data Protection Directive. performance and high availability have been two of the key drivers behind IT decision making. If this were true. on the network or on the application level. and numerous breach disclosure laws requires strong controls on access to sensitive data. Whereas in the first two cases people expect too little. however. The next section will draw an overall picture in order to give you an idea what to expect from Oracle Advanced Security and Oracle Database Vault and which product should be used for which purpose. Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI-DSS). This means: All legal data accesses are managed by the SAP system itself. While problems such as data theft and insider threats are certainly not new. as long as there are only well-behaved users. discuss these two products – Oracle Advanced Security and Oracle Database Vault – and see what their main differences are. Scenario 1: If a user wants to read and/or update data in the database. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). The goal of this article is to address three of the most common misconceptions about database security in SAP environments: • In SAP environments.
SAP user and privilege management handles access control. The first aspect that needs to be understood when considering this scenario is that encryption does not help against this kind of threat. so a lot of knowledge about SAP’s data model and Oracle’s data storage algorithms would be required. g. means that you are allowed to manipulate the database structure. we get the rule: Oracle’s security products and features are required to prevent data accesses which bypass the SAP applications. on the other hand. is by default able to read (and even change) all data in the database? . Privileged database users – e. thus bypassing SAP’s security checks (see figure 4). Scenario 3: Figure 1: SAP and Oracle security. then. Only recently companies began to ask: Is it really necessary and is it really desirable that a database administrator. If someone is able to connect to the Oracle Database using a sufficiently privileged account. you could steal a copy of the database files and read the files directly (see figure 3). And if the data is encrypted on disk. But it is not impossible. use non-SAP tools to inspect the database and are at least potentially illegal.Oracle Database Security for SAP Applications 39 If we put this statement in a different way. in traditional databases (including the Oracle Database). There are many different kinds of objects in a database. So it is difficult. Therefore the information in the data files looks like nonsense and is completely meaningless to everybody who tries to read the data files directly. but in a coded form. who is supposed to manage the database structure. An “object privilege” for this or that table. As a database user you can be granted object privileges and system privileges. The white area is protected by SAP security features. Scenario 2: E. The second aspect that needs to be understood is the reason for Oracle’s behavior. Now. But there is yet another “unusual” way to the data. Data encryption means that data are not stored as plain text. so for simplicity’s sake we will assume that database “objects” means just “tables”. g. these files are not simple text files. The green area indicates the realm that is protected by Oracle security products and features. This is when encryption becomes interesting. to (or release it from) the database. database administrators – can use DBA tools and directly connect to the database. you implicitly received object privileges for all tables as well. because from an Oracle Database perspective the request sent by this user seems to be a perfectly valid request. For decades people found this quite natural and unproblematic. You may add disk space Figure 2: Regular data access via SAP applications. A system privilege. but average database users as well as people who want to steal data are only interested in tables. means that you are allowed to access the data in this or that table. Of course. if you were explicitly granted a sufficient set of system privileges. then Oracle will generously deliver the result set to this user. then Oracle will even decrypt them. if then he or she is able to build an appropriate SELECT statement and send it to the database. potentially also by third-party products. you may createnew tables (or drop existing ones).
an option to Oracle Database 11g as well as to Oracle Database 10g. they can also try to sniff the data when they are in transit. Oracle Advanced Security for SAP Figure 4: Attempted data access using SQL statements and database tools. And Database Vault prevents people from accessing the data via standard database tools. and therefore we only looked at data in the database. but it should get rid of implicitly granted object privileges. Oracle Advanced Security (Transparent Data Encryption and Backup Set Encryption) prevents such illegal access. But. there is not much SAP can do. it can be said that all data accesses using SAP’s applications are handled by SAP. However. if people use other strategies to access the data in your database. So the third aspect that needs to be understood is that the third scenario requires a new privilege management strategy in the database.40 why the database administrator should be able to access the data as well. Putting the pieces together. so there is not much Oracle can or needs to do. somewhat clumsy privilege management strategy by a new. Encryption prevents people from directly reading the database files. more flexible one. This is exactly what Oracle Database Vault does. It eliminates all implicit grants and instead provides means to explicitly define access rights and the circumstances under which they are effective which go far beyond traditional user – privilege or user – role correlations. . Figure 3: Attempted data access using a copy of the database files. It replaces the traditional. and this is exactly when Oracle’s security products can help you protect your data. Therefore. This bundle is called Oracle Advanced Security. Oracle Database Vault prevents such potentially illegal access. then he or she – as everybody else – should be granted the required object privileges explicitly. Network Encryption In the previous section. but a bundle of several encryption features. we tried to understand why Oracle provides two separate security-related products for SAP customers. If there is a reason In the previous section. before (and after) they are stored in the database. And people can not only try to read data in the database files. In other words: A “normal” database user needs object privileges only. and a database administrator in most cases needs system privileges only. In this section we take a closer look at encryption. data travels over the network. It allows customers to implement and enforce concepts such as the segregation of duties or the four eyes principle. we tried to make things as simple as possible. and again we find that Oracle does not provide one single encryption feature. a first set of technologies provided by Oracle Advanced Security is related to network encryption. This strategy should continue to provide system privileges and object privileges.
Whole tables or tablespaces can be encrypted with minimal CPU overhead. Details about the differences between these two versions (mostly in the area of installation and administration) can be found in SAP Note 1355140. you can use BRSPACE to set the encryption attribute on tablespace level. For details see SAP Note 1430669 (BR*Tools support for Oracle 11g encryption) and 974876 (Transparent Data Encryption for SAP). TDE is transparent to the application. Column encryption was introduced in Oracle Database 10g. whole backup sets. BRSPACE can also be used to manage the wallet. For details. only those columns that are encrypted in the production database files are encrypted in the backup copies. “network encryption” means: Oracle encrypts data travelling between the Oracle Database Server and the Oracle Database Client machines. etc. This minimalist approach provides a balance between security requirements and CPU load resp. and in both areas the system administrator can chose between several algorithms. There are two main implementation strategies: column encryption and tablespace encryption. Starting with version 7. Backup Encryption Especially if you decide to use column encryption in your production database. it was possible to considerably reduce the CPU overhead related to data encryption. You pick a few columns that contain information such as social security numbers. the third set of features in Oracle Advanced Security is related to backup encryption. as it is generally much easier to steal backups of the database files than the production database itself. which stores the encryption keys. but not the data traveling between user devices and Application Server instances. Oracle Database Vault for SAP Transparent Data Encryption means: encryption is applied to data in the files which make up the production database (as opposed to backup files. Using a new algorithm.20.Oracle Database Security for SAP Applications 41 In this context. all data can be encrypted. Given SAP’s data model. in this case. and it is supported by SAP for both Oracle Database 10g and Oracle Database 11g. Backup encryption. you may want to increase the security level of your database backups. people can not only try to read data in transit. However. users do not directly connect to the Oracle Database Server. and the SAP Application Server instance(s) in turn connect(s) to the Oracle Database Server. which will be discussed in the next paragraph). So. e. in addition to network encryption. is available in both Oracle Database 10g and Oracle Database 11g. like column encryption. the implementation of tablespace encryption is much easier for SAP on Oracle customers than the implementation of column encryption. they can also try to intercept and modify them. As the name indicates. performance considerations. In SAP environments.. They connect to SAP Application Server instance. which consists of tens of thousands of tables. combining Oracle’s Recovery Manager (RMAN) and Advanced Security. i. Therefore. the Application Server instance(s) is (are) the Oracle client(s). no application changes are required. However. and Oracle’s network encryption encrypts all data traveling between Application Server(s) and Database Server. i. e. salaries. Therefore. please see SAP Note 973450. Oracle Advanced Security also supports crypto-checksumming to ensure data integrity. . If you simply backup your database files. For details see SAP Note 1324684. Both encryption and crypto-checksumming are completely transparent to the application. Both Oracle Database Vault 10g and 11g have been certified by SAP for use with all SAP applications. The basic idea here is that you protect the most sensitive data only. it is no longer necessary to restrict encryption to a few columns only. and you encrypt nothing but those columns. Tablespace encryption is an Oracle Database 11g feature. Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) Therefore. Oracle Database Vault is an option that extends the functionality and the power of Oracle Database 11g as well as of Oracle Database 10g.
(some-where else) inside the company network. you need a tool to make that happen. which is used in some papers. An access time could be within typical working hours or outside working hours. but not if it is a weekend day. As usual. On the other hand there is no guarantee that the same policy would be appropriate for all tables. • Rule sets are combinations of rules. The concept of realms constitutes a group on its own. the day of the week. When you design an access policy. or outside of the company network. but you can combine as many factors as necessary to determine whether or not the attempted access should be allowed. The second group comprises the concepts of factors. Having implemented an access control policy. In addition.e. rule sets. Access control components are the pieces that are used to build access policies. DVA is also used in SAP environments.. Oracle Database Vault comes with an auditing feature. As in the previous section. means exactly the same thing. how it works (what it does and what people do). – The expression “multi-factor authorization”. rules can be combined by AND and by OR: Access is allowed (a) if it is a working day OR (b) if it is a weekend AND the IP address tells us that the user is inside the company network. if the attempt happens between 8 am and 6 pm. and in most cases they do this by defining a very small number of possible types. add meaning to those values. we will only consider tables and neglect all other kinds of objects for simplicity’s sake. factors. rule sets). E. a PL/SQL procedure) after evaluation of a specific rule set. you want to monitor.e. Oracle Database Vault provides predefined reports which allow you to check the consistency of your access policy as well as security violation attempts. and in all cases they don’t mean much. you are not restricted to one factor (ultimately: one rule). rules. If you really want to make use of them. Two groups of them can be distinguished. Management and Monitoring As discussed so far. Days of the week can be working days or weekend days. g. . and as the second step you assign every single table to its appropriate realm. • A factor is an attribute of a data access (or an attempted data access) that can be determined automatically by the database server. Oracle Database Vault is designed to protect your data against insider threats by enabling you to define very flexible access policies. There is no additional or alternative tool provided by SAP. therefore. Identities. Therefore. the time. i. • A command rule is a special kind of rule. These are the building blocks that you use to create access policies for your realm(s). A rule could say: It is allowed to access the tables in this realm. • Secure application roles are database roles that are or are not enabled by the database system (i. if it is a working day. but it would be very cumbersome to define a complex security policy for every single table. This application allows security managers to configure an access control policy through a user-friendly interface. Examples are: the IP address. which allows you to track both successful and failed attempts based on different characteristics (in particular realms. Oracle Database Vault provides an administrative console called Oracle Database Vault Administrator (DVA) for managing realms and rule sets. • The problem with factors is that they are just stupid facts.42 Access Control Components As described before. So as the first implementation step you create one realm or several realms. In most cases there are too many possible values (IP addresses. It is the basis for everything else. if it is a working day. identities. A database can contain many tables. command rules. • Identities can be used to build rules. the IP address could indicate that the user is working in the data center. if you want to build an access control policy. And of course there is a userfriendly interface that allows you to design additional reports. As the name suggests. if the user is inside the company network. • A realm is basically a container for database objects. the access control components are just concepts. That is why Oracle Database Vault supports the concept of realms. access times). and secure application roles. A realm and a rule set assigned to this realm are the minimal form of what we initially called access or security policy. The idea is that a realm is a group of tables to which the same access policy applies. it is related to a specific command: An ALTER TABLE is allowed.
g. . E. tens or hundreds of thousands of companies use a certain standard application and the security requirements of all these companies are – at least to a certain point – identical. More details and best practices can be found in SAP Note 1502374. g. a dedicated SAP realm needs to be created and the database objects that contain the SAP data need to be assigned to this realm.. • It is typical for SAP systems that customers can use an ABAP and/or a Java stack.Oracle Database Security for SAP Applications 43 Policy Implementation Levels Database Vault. Therefore. Also certain database users should no longer be able to connect using applications than those provided by SAP. Oracle Database Vault for SAP What exactly does Oracle Database Vault for SAP do? What exactly does “application-specific security requirements” mean? Here are just a few examples: • Some aspects are obvious and similar to policies appropriate for other applications. This means: Considering Oracle Database Vault for SAP. That is because Oracle does not know anything about your applications and your data. E. But there is an important difference. because they are results of the application design. but they do not protect your application data. which allows you to work with Database Vault. is just a tool box. however. It is true that it comes with predefined realms and roles. and Oracle Database Vault for SAP is a member of this family. • It is typical for SAP systems that SAP Support needs to perform remote connects. And. enabling and disabling this account needs to be audited. of course. it is simply inefficient for Oracle to care. an SAP-specific security policy needs to make sure that even after installation and activation of Oracle Database Vault all BR*Tools operations are still possible and work as expected. Therefore. as sold by Oracle. So these predefined components allow Database Vault to be functional and allow you to use it. The second level is a predefined access control policy which covers the basic requirements of SAP applications. Finally. but it can be easily enabled whenever this is necessary. The first level is just the toolbox. If. This account may be (and by default is) disabled. Therefore. a SAPspecific security policy needs to distinguish between data accesses via the ABAP and the Java stack. you should distinguish between three levels. then it makes much more sense for Oracle to analyze the requirements and implement a basic security policy. a SAPspecific security policy needs to create a dedicated database user for SAP Support. and we can also protect these customers from forgetting to implement some of the basics. because this way we can save hundreds of thousands of customers the time that is needed to implement the boring basics of an application-specific security policy. As long as customers use home grown applications. but those are realms for system tables (such as the Oracle Database data dictionary or the tables that Database Vault needs itself) and very general (if fundamental) roles (such as the distinction between database administrator and security administrator). there is a third level which allows you to modify or enhance the predefined policy. it is typical for SAP applications running on top of an Oracle database that the BR*Tools family of administration tools are used to manage the database. • But there are more specific aspects. if the predefined policy does not cover all your requirements. Oracle has actually done this. Oracle can only give you a toolbox. Oracle provides a whole family of predefined applicationspecific Database Vault policies. and it is up to you to determine your security requirements and translate these requirements into an access control policy. Application-specific Policy Enhancements (Customer) Application-specific Default Policy (Oracle) Database Vault Access Control Components (Oracle) Figure 5: Oracle Database Vault – security policy implementation levels. As of today.
existing applications run unchanged. modern.44 LINUX ORACLE LINUX WITH ORACLE’S UNBREAKABLE ENTERPRISE KERNEL Part of Oracle Linux. Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel is available for x86-64 servers. Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel is based on a stable 2. Under the Unbreakable Linux Support program. Modern. and reliable Key Features: • Modern kernel based on 2. use and re-distribute. customers may subscribe to a new Oracle Linux 5 latest channel on the Unbreakable Linux Network (ULN) or download freely from public-yum server. This means you have a choice at boot time: strict RHEL compatibility with the Red Hat Compatible Kernel or a system optimized for running enterprise software with the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel. including performance counters • Complete data integrity checking from application to disk • Hardware fault management Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel is delivered via Unbreakable Linux Network and public yum server. especially for large systems • Fine grained control over memory and CPU resources • Improved power management • Improved application uptime • Faster problem resolution • Avoids silent data corruption Oracle Linux is fully compatible— both source and binary—with Red Hat Enterprise Linux as it includes the exact same set of packages at the same version levels based on the same source code as the Red Hat Enterprise Linux. .6 for clustered volumes • Includes OFED 1. which means the Application Binary Interface used by userspace applications is unchanged.6. optimized by Oracle for server deployments • Includes OCFS2 1. compiled directly from Red Hat Enterprise Linux source.32. Because Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel doesn’t require you to reinstall the operating system. To install Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel. Middleware and Hardware engineering teams to ensure stability and optimal performance for the most demanding enterprise workloads.5. and Reliable Linux Kernel Easy Installation on top of Oracle Linux 5 With Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel.32 kernel and includes optimizations developed in collaboration with Oracle’s Database. Fast.oracle. Oracle Linux is available as a free DVD download via edelivery. Existing Applications Run Unchanged Key Benefits: • Tested and recommended by Oracle • Easy to install — no need to reinstall the operating system • Existing applications run unchanged • Extreme performance.com/linux and is free to install. Fast. Oracle Linux also includes a Red Hat compatible kernel. No changes to glibc are required. Oracle’s new Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel brings the latest innovations and improvements from upstream Linux development to the datacenter.1 • Advanced NUMA support • New diagnostic and tracing tools.6. Oracle will continue to support the Red Hat Compatible kernel. Oracle delivers the latest innovations from upstream development to customers who run Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 or Oracle Linux 5. so installation on top of Oracle Linux 5 is quick and easy.
network and disk I/O performance as well as improvements for large NUMA (Non-Uniform Memory Access) systems: • The latest Infiniband software stack. Contact Us For more information about Oracle Linux.5.6. OFED 1. but for any Linux deployments that can benefit from boost in performance. Oracle recommends customers use Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel not just for all Linux-based Oracle deployments. reliability and scalability.0X running against Oracle Database 11g Release 2. Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel includes enhancements and bug fixes to improve virtual memory performance.18194).com/sap In addition to performance improvements for large systems. visit: oracle. the latest release of Oracle’s clustered file system . Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel is also included in Oracle Exadata and Oracle Exalogic. Tested and Recommended by Oracle Oracle uses Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel exclusively for building and testing of Oracle software including Fusion Middleware and Oracle Database. low latency networking • Overall networking performance has been improved—especially at high loads—due to the inclusion of receive packet steering • Improved asynchronous write back performance • Increased scalability on fast storage such as solid state disk (SSD) • Advanced support for large NUMA systems The Latest Innovations from Upstream Linux Development • Latencytop support.Oracle Linux 45 Extreme Performance Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel has been engineered and tested with performance in mind and internal benchmarks show tremendous performance improvements compared to a standard Enterprise Linux 5 kernel (2.1 • Improved RDS (reliable datagram sockets) stack for high speed. Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel contains many new features that are relevant to Linux running in the data center. including: • Task Control Groups for fine grained control of memory.6. CPUs and devices • Hardware fault management to avoid system crashes and improve application uptime • Power management features to reduce power consumption when a system is idle • Data integrity features to avoid corrupt data from being written • OCFS2 1. allowing the administrator to quickly find the cause of long latencies in any command • Fallocate() system call to quickly pre-reserve space in large files Certified by SAP Oracle Linux 5 (from update 5 on) is certified by SAP on X86_64 platforms for all Unicode versions of SAP products based on SAP NetWeaver 7.
• Faster Software Deployment with Oracle VM Templates – Download and import pre-configured virtual machines containing pre-installed Oracle enterprise applications or other software to get up and running in hours not weeks. New. • Oracle VM Manager Command Line Interface (CLI) and Web Services API – Enable integration of third party products with Oracle VM Manager. and support. and support. or can be started within a user-designated subset of servers. VM HighAvailability. • Included Secure Live Migration. Oracle VM facilitates the deployment and operation of your enterprise applications on a fully certified platform to reduce operations and support costs while simultaneously increasing IT efficiency and agility Oracle`s certified virtualization solution: • Complete server virtualization and management with no license costs • Speeds application deployment with VMTemplates • Modern.or individual VM outage. Oracle VM delivers: • Leading Performance – Low-overhead architecture with the Xen® hypervisor provides scalable performance under increasing workloads to meet the most aggressive performance requirements. • Latest Hardware Support – Leverage the new hardware features from Intel® Xeon® and AMD® Opteron® processors for higher performance and more efficient power management. and make applications easier to deploy. inefficient resource utilization and an appetite for real estate. Web Services API. The Virtualization Platform for Your Enterprise Server Workloads You are facing the challenges of a rapidly expanding data center—increased operating costs. improving performance and storage efficiency. server pool master auto-failover feature eliminates any single point of failure for virtualization management. But any solution also has to increase your flexibility. • Physical-to-Virtual / Virtual-to-Virtual Machine Conversion – Quickly convert existing Linux or Windows physical servers or VMDK or VHD virtual machines to Oracle VM virtual machines to reduce license expenses. • Secure Live VM Migration – Completely eliminate service outages associated with planned maintenance or scale up your resources quickly by migrating running VMs to other servers over secure SSL links without interruption. • Automatic or Manual Server Pool Load Balancing – Guest VMs are automatically placed on the server with the most resources available in the pool at start-up.46 ORACLE VM S E RV E R V I RT U A L I Z AT I O N & M A N A G E M E N T Oracle VM is a free. next-generation server virtualization and management solution that makes enterprise applications easier to deploy. and other advanced features. Backed worldwide by affordable enterprisequality support for both Oracle and non-Oracle environments. manage. meet your price/performance needs. low overhead architecture for leading price/performance. • High Availability – Reliably and automatically restart failed VMs on other servers in the server pool after unexpected server. P2V and V2V conversion. • Rapid VM Provisioning and Cloning – Sparse file support in OCFS2 enables significantly faster virtual machine provisioning and cloning. • Virtual CPU Scheduling Priorities and Caps per VM – Control access to CPU between multiple VMs to align with IT/business priorities. . manage. allow users more control over data allocation.
configured. Zero License Keys – Include Oracle VM Manager for centralized. “virtualization aware”) and hardware-virtualized kernels: • Enterprise Linux 4 and 5 (from Oracle or Red Hat®) • Hardware-virtualized kernels only (Virtualization support in hardware – Intel VT or AMD-V required): • Oracle Solaris 10 (PV drivers included in the OS) • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 (32-bit PV drivers also available) • Microsoft® Windows® Server 2008 R2. running on x86 and x86_64 based systems across the enterprise. Oracle VM provides an easy-to-use. Users can create and manage virtual machines (VMs) that exist on the same physical server but that can behave independently. Oracle VM Server installs on physical. • Affordable. and an integrated web browser-based management console. and managed from either the Oracle VM Server command-line. “bare-metal” servers from a single CD or from a network in about a minute to provide the environment for hosting guest virtual machines. browser-based management of your resource pools.Oracle VM 47 • Virtual Machine I/O Resource Management – Set bandwidth cap for each virtual network interface and prioritize the virtual disks. feature-rich graphical interface for creating and managing virtual server pools. or hundreds of servers can be managed centrally from a browser using the included Oracle VM Manager software. Windows 7. Windows Server 2008. Full-Stack Enterprise-Class Support – Worldwide support from Oracle for the entire virtualization environment and workloads together. • Solaris. Integrated Server Virtualization and Management Consisting of Oracle VM Server. greatly improving performance of applications such as Oracle Real Application Cluster (RAC). Windows Server 2003. Linux and Windows guest operating systems on Oracle VM. open source server software. network interfaces. Windows Vista. • Microsoft Windows 2000 Please refer to the product documentation for complete information on supported guest operating system configurations. Oracle VM Manager. • Importing Block Devices as Shared Virtual Disks – Block devices can be assigned to VMs. Integrated Server Virtualization and Management Oracle VM supports the following guest operating systems (both 32-bit and 64-bit): • Both paravirtualized-(PV. Linux and Windows Support – Run Solaris. Virtual Machines can be created. with each VM having its own virtual CPUs. • Official Certification Based On RealWorld Testing – Supported for use with the most sophisticated enterprise workloads under real-world conditions. storage. and operating system. and Windows XP. • Virtualization and Management: Zero License Costs. .
Oracle VM Support: The Complete Stack – One Call Worldwide Oracle’s world-class support organization offers Oracle VM Premier Support including: • Access to patches. The Certified and Supported Virtualization Environment for Oracle Oracle VM Manager Interface Oracle Enterprise Manager includes the Oracle VM Management Pack. and lifecycle automation for both virtual. Pricing for Oracle VM support is calculated on a per system basis: Consult Oracle’s pricing guide for further details. • Oracle VM Manager is a Java-based management server running on Linux. Oracle VM Manager. . which can be installed either on the management server or a separate server. Oracle Database Express Edition (XE).48 Advanced VM Management Creating and configuring guest VMs is only the beginning.and physical infrastructure for maximum operational efficiency. • Please refer to the product documentation for complete information on the system requirements. administrators can enable advanced functionality to load balance across resource pools and automatically reduce or eliminate outages associated with server downtime. the Unbreakable Linux Network • 24x7 global support Oracle VM software is available for free download. fixes. configuration management. Support for Oracle VM can be purchased via Oracle VM Store. and Real Application Clusters (RAC) are supported as the management repository. With Oracle VMs included management solution. and updates delivered via a subscriber network. The Oracle VM Management Pack provides integrated in-depth health and performance monitoring. Standard Edition (SE). All new Oracle product releases are certified by default but consult Support Note 464754.1 on the My Oracle Support website for information on exact product versions certified. which provides a comprehensive management solution for managing both the virtual machines and the operating systems and software running inside the virtual machines from a single product. System Requirements Oracle performs real-world testing on its broad portfolio of products with Oracle VM to ensure bulletproof reliability and stream-lined support. Oracle VM Manager uses an Oracle database as its management repository. • Oracle VM Server installs directly on server hardware with x86 or x86_64 processors that support PAE (Physical Address Extension) and does not require a host operating system. Two systems with static IP addresses are needed to install Oracle VM: one to install Oracle VM Server and the other to install Oracle VM Manager. Enterprise Edition (EE).
Without Oracle’s Database Vault. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. your staff can see: Your financial results Your customer list Your employees’ salaries Only Oracle has a Database Vault oracle.com/security or call 1. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its a affiliates.Database Vault The only database that prevents your IT staff from seeing your data.800. Oracle.1 Copyright © 2009.ORACLE. . All rights reserved.
As for the database. SI Solutions has vast experience in implementing SAP globally. “The database would become extremely large and consequently require an extraordinary large amount of storage due to our attempt to integrate systems that had their own instances and that were being used independently. SHARP Corporation. SHARP integrated “SAP ERP 6. a number of concerns were raised. and reduced the data volume by 60% thanks to the Oracle Advanced Compression option.” Consolidating and integrating all separately installed SAP systems and Oracle databases at various bases When the process of instance integration (integrating multiple instances to a single instance) in each region had started. Takashi Tamashima. SHARP succeeded in establishing mass production of solar batteries as well as being the first company in the world to commercialize electronic calculators and LCD display products.0” on the Oracle Database 11g by utilizing Oracle Advanced Customer Services for SAP. Assistant Executive Director of the First IT Promotion Dept. Ltd. “After evaluating several products. and reduced the data volume by 60% thanks to the Oracle Advanced Compression option. SI Solutions offers templates that assist in the formulation of mission-critical operations. SHARP began replacing the host system with a system that incorporated SAP and the Oracle Database. Group Leader of the Solution Engineering Dept. SI Solutions Co. In a process that took place at bases in Japan around 1997. a process that is now almost completed. says Mr. This raised . “We were able to complete the SAP and Oracle DB integration process in a short period of time. IT System Promotion Center. and a range of solutions to business issues existing in the high-tech industry. we determined SAP would be the global standard.” one of the major brands of LCD TVs. SHARP Corporation (SHARP) is a worldleading manufacturer of general home electronics products that produces “Aquos. SHARP rolled out the big bang approach to implement SAP into the operations of their overseas bases. the business has gained a good reputation in Japan and overseas as being a company that is competent at creating specific types of demand. we selected Oracle because of its level of reliability and global support structure.” claims a spokesperson from SHARP Corporation. and Mr. Mr. which had both been in various locations around the world. results in a successful launch of production operations. in a single instance configuration at each location. “We were able to complete the SAP and Oracle DB integration process in a short period of time. Based on the expertise gained through such achievements. Since SHARP was established in 1912. (SI Solutions).. Starting in approximately 1994. Second Service Division. Shinji Hara. SHARP planned to consolidate and integrate SAP systems and Oracle databases. primarily for SHARP production and sales companies.” – Spokes person. Hara explains the reason why SHARP selected the Oracle Database. by the targeted date. We interviewed Mr. SHARP is a leading Japanese company that holds to the policy of “Manufacturing products strictly to satisfy customers” while at the same time proposing new lifestyle options to users through the introduction and expansion of electronic technology. SHARP. Tamashima.50 D A T A B A S E 11g UTILIZING ADVANCED CUSTOMER SERVICES (ACS) F O R S A P O N O R A C L E A N D O R A C L E D ATA B A S E 1 1 g RELEASE 2 Global integration of SAP and Oracle Database Early stages of implementing SAP and the Oracle Database in the mid-1990s Chevron Corporation Efficient skill acquisition through utilization of the Oracle Advanced Customer Services (ACS) for SAP on Oracle.
Mr. Utilizing “ACS for SAP on Oracle” to implement the system in a short period of time In this project. SHARP. It was at that point that SI Solutions decided to utilize “ACS for SAP on Oracle”. was not going to be released until the end of March 2010. we decided that Oracle Database 11g was best suited to utilize its Advanced Compression feature to compress data and the partitioning feature to logically partition the database. This meant that SI Solutions.Oracle Advanced Compression at SHARP Japan 51 “As for the database. For that reason. which was committed to implementing the system for SHARP. Group Leader of the Engineering Dept. and they seriously needed to consider reducing TCO. SHARP decided to take into consideration the future utilization of Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC). Oracle Database 11g with its partitioning and data compression features that would have solved the problems SHARP was experiencing. Japan our concerns about performance. To solve these problems.” – Takashi Tamashima. launching production operations in January of 2011 was a critical prerequisite. We explored ways to control the size of the database and to access data efficiently even if the size of the database became large so as to maintain a satisfactory level of database performance. data compression using Oracle Database 11g became an important key in view of performance and TCO. Tamashima talks about this decision. . we selected Oracle because of its level of reliability and global support structure. In other words. SHARP at that time was spending approximately half of their system operation budget solely on storage-related expenses.” There were other reasons why SHARP selected Oracle Database 11g for the consolidation and integration of SAP and the company’s database. had to successfully complete what was an extensive project within just six months. However. available since Oracle Database 9i. SHARP was also concerned that the integration process would result in an increase in load on the database. but an around-the-clock service was required for the system because SHARP had expanded their business worldwide.
” “As Mr. Tamashima claims. We hope that Oracle Japan will continue to provide us with new proposals. I expect the experience of compressing SAP BW and the skills we gain from doing it will lead to more direct sales opportunities. database compression will not be limited to SAP. We realized that with the given schedule we would not be able to implement the system and check the procedures by ourselves before starting production operations.” Mr. To reduce the man-hours and time required. the data compression executed at that time enabled SHARP to reduce the relevant data volume by approximately 60%. . Hara commented. we feel that data compression is necessary and we will enforce that notion further.52 Oracle Advanced Compression at SHARP Japan “As Oracle Database 11g was going to be released in March. As they provided us with procedures that suited the SHARP system. we decided to adopt the service again for this operation. we relied on this service when we previously explored implementation of Oracle Data Guard. and when we came to a standstill with problems. as was the case this time. We will also compress other databases. Regarding their future prospects. Advanced Customer Services for SAP on Oracle provided excellent support at that time and we were able to acquire necessary skills in a short period of time. Both companies thus gained substantial benefits. Hara commented: “We would like to make compressing of all databases a standard rule. Oracle staffers took appropriate actions promptly as we expected. we were able to implement our work very smoothly and launch production operations in January 2011 as scheduled. It will be a great advantage for SI Solutions to be able to apply the skills gained for direct sales activities in the future. As a result. consequently the schedule was fixed so that we would start our work in July and launch production operations the following January. we considered requesting the service of “ACS for SAP on Oracle”. We were also able to drastically reduce man-hours spent on inspections. Actually. Mr. they directed us to try new and different ways to overcome problems. Tamashima. Utilizing ACS for SAP on Oracle was also beneficial for SI Solutions as they were able to make use of the skills they acquired through the service.” Acquiring skills efficiently and succeeding at reducing data volume by 60% According to Mr. Through such an experience. In this respect. we were able to save time and reduce the workload required for inspections. We expect improvements and consolidations with Exadata for SAP. Reduction of data volume has had a significant effect on TCO reduction and disk capacity due to the fact we use an expensive storage device.
decreasing the number of disk system reads by tenfold to prolong storage lifecycle • Speeded up the company’s monthly financial close. deployed for our billing system. provided long-term system stability and enabled an unprecedented 400% growth in system performance. enabling faster computing of customer billing data for electricity. More than 70. enabling the company to process and issue customers’ utility bills faster • Shortened average report execution time from a few hours to several minutes—for key reports such as the payments-due settlement report. Challenges • Increase capacity of the utility’s SAP billing system due to extremely high loads of electricity and gas billing data—as much as 60 gigabytes monthly • Shorten access time to the billing database. as technical analysis found that additional servers will not translate into the expected results Solution • Implemented parallel in-and-out operations along with Oracle Partitioning.O r a c l e P a r t i t i o n i n g f o r S A P a t RW E P o l a n d 53 “Oracle Partitioning. broken down into electricity tariffs —reports that had been suspended because they were too time consuming to create • Optimized storage utilization.” – JAROSLAW GROMADZINSKI. such as reporting on payments due. achieving long-term business value RWE Polska SA Warszawa. Poland www. Infrastructure Development & Support.000 employees supply 16 million customers with electricity and approximately 8 million customers with gas. gas. and eliminate billing system slowdowns caused by the prolific growth of the customer base • Simplify and streamline management of extremely large mission-critical database objects • Improve database response by methods other than hardware investments. Oracle technology proved more cost effective and successful than any other system upgrade investments. reporting performance grew by 400% • Relaunched several important billing reports.600 Oracle Products & Services: Oracle Database Oracle Partitioning • Used Oracle Partitioning to split key Oracle Database tables into smaller fragments (11–12 parts) and gained much smaller volumes of data in each partition. RWE IT Poland RWE Polska Enhances Stability and Performance of Billing System RWE is one of the leading electricity and gas companies in Europe.000 customers in the country.pl Industry: Utilities Annual Revenue: US$65 billion Employees: 1. and other utility services .rwe. 900. resulting in a twelve-fold increase in processing speed. RWE Polska supports RWE development in Poland and provides electricity to approx.
5 million units a year with exports to over 47 countries and is the flagship company of the USD 4 billion TVS Group. The improvements and benefits gained are clear to see.” – T. Indonesia) • 7800 employees .04 (FI CO.5 TB before Advanced Compression with Oracle Database 10g (10. performance.04) Key Benefits: Space savings with optimized management. QM.0 modules are used. It has proven to be the ideal solution. EVA 4400 storage Strong business. database update times and also restore times. PP.5 billion in revenue • Deming Prize Winner for Quality – First and only two-wheeler manufacturer in the world to have won the award • Exports to over 47 countries • Second largest three-wheeler manufacturer in India TVS Motor Company is the third largest twowheeler manufacturer in India and among the top ten in the world. above-average increases in data volume – like many other companies. HCM/HR. Our database and our storage units were growing all the time which had impacted on storage costs. TVS Motor has been using Oracle Database 11g for SAP. G.01) and Process Integration (PI 7.in Introduction Industry: Manufacturer of two-wheelers (production capacity 2. High rate of data growth. which was also a significant cost driver. cost savings.tvsmotor.000 people worldwide.31 and EVA-4400 storage units) make up the hardware component. We are already planning implementation of other 11g features such as Database Vault or Network Compression. significant database size reduction. SM. and one in Indonesia. TVS Motor Company (7. several optimization points Motor Company was faced with this situation and needed to find a way of countering this problem area. G . D H A N D A PA N I . Dhandapani. Virtually all ERP ECC 6.2. all modules active Infrastructure: HP rx6600 servers with HP-UX 11.0).01.31. explains: “We set ourselves the goal of finding an effective tool to counter our ever-rising and cost-intensive growth of data in SAP usage. with an annual turnover of more than USD 1 billion (2008-2009). mopeds dd Workforce: 7. MM. which is used to link three non-SAP applications with the central application landscape.” Since last December.1 for SAP.800 employees) has a production capacity of 2. size: 2. enabling future growth SAP: ERP ECC 6. in Himachal Pradesh (North India).0). PM. T. variomatic scooters. PLM. much better performance. Netweaver BW 7. employing more than 40. TVS . Group CIO. TVS Motor Company T V S M O T O R C O M PA N Y E N J O Y S S I G N I F I C A N T I M P R O V E M E N T S W I T H O R A C L E D ATA B A S E 1 1 g TVS Motor Company http://www.0.2. delivering significant improvements through its beneficial Advanced Compression features.54 D A T A B A S E 11g “Opting for Oracle Database 11g and the Advanced Compression features was the right choice and was certainly worth the investment. We could reduce the Database volume by 60 % and the response times by 56 %. Oracle products: Oracle Database Rel. as are Netweaver Business Warehouse (7.5 million units per year). reduced backup time. PI (7. 11. For more than 10 years. motorcycles. this highly successful and growth-orientated company based in India has been using Oracle Database together with a distinct and intense-use SAP application landscape.3 Locations in India 1 Location in Indonesia • Third largest producer of two-wheelers in India • $1. The company currently manufactures a wide range of two-wheelers from mopeds to racing-inspired motorcycles and has 4 plants located in Hosur and Mysore (South India). Group CIO at TVS Motor Company.800 (India. More than 600 users work with this system environment where HP systems (rx6660 servers with HP-UX 11.
including Real Application Testing (RAT) and Secure Files. database update times and also restore times. Before using 11g Advanced Compression. “Opting for Oracle Database 11g and the Advanced Compression features was the right choice and was certainly worth the investment. Unlike LOB technology. the company managed to reduce the size of its database (which had grown during the 10g to 11g upgrade to around 2. Advanced Compression has also been used successfully with the SAP Netweaver BWwhich is also running on Oracle DB. Our database and our storage units were growing all the time which had impacted on storage costs. It has also been possible to cut the backup time from 9 to 3 hours. We are already planning the .Oracle Advanced Compression at TVS Motor Company 55 Problem-solver: Oracle Advanced Compression implementation of other 11g features such as Database Vault or Network Compression.3 TB) by 60 percent to 0. Other Oracle Database 11g features firmly in sight TVS Motor Company consciously opted for Oracle Database 11g and Oracle Compression in order to implement storage and database management optimizations. RAT is a tool for testing and optimizing changes under real conditions to assess their impact on workload before they are adopted or go live. the system was upgraded from 10g to 11g (10.” The before and after values are miles apart and some of the optimizations are huge.2.” continues Dhandapani.2. Group CIO. performance.” – T. Firstly.8 TB. for example when upgrading from version 10g to 11g. but this would have resulted in disproportionately high costs and a relatively long implementation period. Firstly.G. the database response times were 550 milliseconds.04-11. This process was a smooth and rapid one (not including preliminary work/tests: 6 hours). Impressive and clear results “We set ourselves the goal of finding an effective tool to counter our ever-rising and costintensive growth of data in SAP usage.01). You could say that Secure Files are compatible with database options such as Advanced Compression. The IT team working for the growth-focused company had to choose from three possible options. to significantly extend the storage systems. data stored in this format offers better performance and simplified management. Then Advanced Compression was added and configuration/settings/compression undertaken using BRtools. As TVS Motor Company’s CIO Dhandapani concludes: “By using Oracle Database 11g and Advanced Compression we have gained major space savings and the cost savings aren’t bad either. But that’s not all. now they are 240. “Since we had already enjoyed positive experiences with the Oracle Database 10g feature Index Compression and we were able to benefit from very sustainable optimizations after testing with Oracle Database 11g. TVS Motor Company is also using other new Oracle Database 11g features in addition to Advanced Compression. we decided to rapidly upgrade our Oracle database to Oracle Database 11g. TVS Motor Company TVS Motor Company is delighted with the results. Secondly. to use a data archiving concept and implement this gradually. Response times have improved dramatically by a massive 56 percent. to switch from Oracle Database version 10g to 11g and to tap into the farreaching database Advanced Compression features with the prospect of benefiting from several of these at the same time.” What’s more. Dhandapani. The time taken for the compression activity was 18 hours. The improvements and benefits gained are clear to see. Our entire disk space management now also has a beneficial and firm footing for the future. And thirdly. using Oracle Database 11g Advanced Compression. For example. Secure Files is a new type of data for storing large objects (LOBs). but this would have taken a long time and the potential space savings would only have been marginal.
5 0. 410 • No additional archive log generation 570 • Entire activity was completed by the 220 Cost and implementation time is high 210 • Archive the rarely accessed data – Time taken 10 in-house team zero investment by referring SAP notes.8 • Update response time reduced from 570ms to 220ms DB update time down by 61% 610 • CPU load on the DB server remains same after compression (60%) Options available: • Upgrade the storage with the cost of 60 lakhs.5 TB 550 ms 570 ms 9 hr After Oracle Advanced Compression 0. TG Dhandapani (Group CIO).3 from 550ms to 240ms AFTER 0.8 TB 240 ms 220 ms 3 hrs Reduction Database size 60% 56% 61% 65% Names from left: Suesh Tatikonda.5TB – 60% reduction Database Size at PRD 2.3 TB • Insufficient space in the storage in both PRD and DR location for future DB growth Result: DB size down by 1. BR*Tools was used for DB compression will be high and the space saving is only marginal feature – We have selected this solution • Compress the Database using the Oracle Database 11g DB Response time down by 56% 700 600 • DV & Network compression is planned • SAP BI system was also compressed Database response time BEFORE in the similar way.5 1 2.56 Oracle Database Compression in SAP system Background: • Very high database size in PRD system around 2. KN Swaminathan (GM-IT). Database response time Database update response time Backup time . Actions Implemented: • Upgraded the Oracle Version from 10g to 11g 500 400 300 200 100 (Prerequisite for Advanced Compression) 550 AFTER • Compressed the PRD database 240 Oracle Database 11g Advanced Compression in SAP Systems at TVS Motor Company Item Bevore Oracle Advanced Compression 2. Space saving is 6. Hari Sastri.8TB from 9 Hrs to 3 Hrs BEFORE 2 • Backup time has been reduced • DB response time reduced Business Issues: • High cost on storages (Rs 60 lakhs) • High DB response time (550ms) • High DB update time (570ms) • High restoration time (15 hrs) 1.5 Benefits: • DB size has been reduced from 2.3TB to 0. Suresh T and Balaji S.
as well as incorporate new subsidiaries as necessary.kodak. and how to spot inefficient code • Helped Kodak to manage a complex implementation—including adding hundreds of new users to the system each year—by putting a change management plan in place that helps to deal with fluctuations in capacity demands • Developed a plan for patching SAP databases • Enabled Kodak to meet its service level agreements. Challenges • Meet growing demands for performance. due to Oracle Database’s reliability and comprehensive standby functionality for disaster recovery • Used Oracle’s fail-over capabilities to enable Kodak to move to two new data centers.6 billion Employees: 20. and Entertainment Group (FPEG).Oracle ACS for SAP at Eastman Kodak Company 57 “Supporting a global business running SAP as an enterprise solution is challenging. Oracle’s capabilities are always there for us. they never fail us. but through four major releases. working closely with our excellent DBAs to maximize performance. Today’s business is ever changing.” – KAREN SCHUH. potential roadblocks to monitor. we’ve met the challenges and have been successful. Eastman Kodak Company E A S T M A N K O D A K C O M PA N Y O P T I M I Z E S C O M P L E X ENTERPRISE-WIDE ERP SYSTEM WITH MINIMAL DOWNTIME Eastman Kodak Company (Kodak) provides imaging technology products and services to the photographic and graphic communications markets worldwide. and Graphic Communications Group (GCG). enterprise wide SAP implementation on Oracle Databases • Provide onsite database administrator (DBA) training to keep in-house team up to date on critical Solution • Worked with Oracle Advanced Customer Services to facilitate a workshop on database services for SAP environments for a dozen Kodak DBAs. enhancing IT staff knowledge and efficiency • Enabled Kodak DBAs to log into production systems and see—in realtime —the changes they should make.com Industry: Consumer Goods Annual Revenue: US$7. helping Kodak to minimize risk and complexity associated with systemwide upgrades and complete the projects on time and within budget EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY Rochester. Photofinishing. Worldwide Information Systems – Global Operations. availability. while meeting downtime goals • Leveraged Oracle Advanced Customer Services for guidance around three major database upgrades. Film. Senior IT Architect. NY www. It operates in three business segments: Consumer Digital Imaging Group (CDG).300 Oracle Products & Services: • Oracle Database • Oracle Advanced Customer Services • Oracle Sun Servers . and reliability for complex. Oracle Advanced Customer Services understands this best.
EDP was running their core business in an ERP system within a Mainframe environment: • 3-node Parallel Sysplex with 6400 MIPS • DB2 v7 for SAP • 40 TB databases • 5 x IBM P561. but the path was not without obstacles: • EDP relied on IS-U for all their sales. which was a totally unacceptable downtime • The IS-U SAP version was 4. The rewards of the second option were many. and then upgrade the database to DB2 v8 and later to DB2 v9 • Migrate to UNIX/Oracle technology The first path was the easier one. In 2007. downtime had to be minimal • The data on all environments accounted for more than 40 TB of data and IS-U Production is 14 TB in size. as such. This seemed the best alternative At the end of July 2008. A migration strategy was prepared using direct path unload/load tools.58 S A P M A I N F R A M E M I G R AT I O N EDP CASE-STUDY The Company The Challenge EDP – Energias de Portugal is one of Portugal’s largest companies and also one of Europe’s major electricity generation. on average. EDP announced that 39% of its produced energy came from renewable sources and that it was aiming for a 75% target by 2013. It has a strong presence in Spain. 16-core AIX But these systems were facing severe operational challenges: • The growth rate of the largest tables was on the verge of becoming blocked by DB/2 v7 partition size limit • The processing capacity was. To achieve that target. two very different paths laid ahead: • Stay with the current Mainframe technology. mainly in Brazil. Africa and Latin America. a Friday.6C and had no support for table splitting which made the migration using only SAP tools impossible Since the single use of standard SAP tools R3Load/Migmon was not viable. namedpipes. replacing the existing equipment with new. and made EDP the world’s fourth largest wind power producer. more powered machines. 24x7 customer service (call center) and. distribution and trading. would eventually reduce the migration time but required changes in the productive system and was very dependent on application changes • Choosing a hybrid migration strategy using SAP tools for the smaller tables and developing special tools to handle the 8 largest tables. but it was also the most expensive and it was really just a postponing of the problem. EDP bought the US company Horizon Wind Energy in what was the largest deal in renewable energy to date. more than 90% usage • There was no space to provision for new functionalities To EDP. the migration began. including a 3 day weekend. 18:00 WET. On December 5. network aggregates and other similar strategies to accelerate this migration speed. . US. it became clear to EDP that they were facing important decisions about the future of their IT systems. At that time. Beginning 2008. The maximum acceptable downtime was 5 days. a decision was taken to go with the UNIX/Oracle migration before the year end. two other alternatives were analyzed: • To copy the oldest data from the largest tables to temporary tables. invoicing. The first runs of the SAP unload procedure for IS-U took more than 13 days.
. and immediately loaded into Oracle databases with SQL*Loader direct path. The next day.Mainframe Migration to Oracle Database 59 The Migration The Results The new environment was composed of • 2-node cluster Sun Microsystems M8000 32 core production DB servers • 4 x Sun Microsystems T5240. The team used the BMC Unload Plus and Oracle SQL*Loader to migrate the 8 largest tables. When the loading of the table was finished. December 9 at 8:00 AM. Unload Table BMC DBUnload Load Table sqlldr All the 7 SAP Systems (including productive. all users had full system access to the new environment. . meeting all milestones on-time and on budget. The list of intermediate steps and total duration of the migration were as follows: • Online full backup (and restore) in half the time of before • No downtime needed to perform backups • Average processing utilization of less than 10% on the new environment compares with more than 90% of the previous 6400 MIPS 3-node Mainframe cluster • 1/20th of direct infrastructure cost Before: After: Tuesday. the system was available to a few restricted users. quality DB servers • 2 x Sun Microsystems T5240. quality and development) were migrated in 3. Each partition was unloaded in parallel with direct path.. Wednesday at 8:00 AM. 16-core production application servers • 2-node cluster Sun Microsystems M5000 24-core. Significant service improvements were accounted for: • Overall dialog response time reduced by 35% • Database response time reduced to 1/3 • IS-U batch reduced in 3 hours • Seven times more invoices produced per minute Part 1 Part 2 .5 months. the first working day of that week. its indexes were immediately generated. Part n ftp ftp ftp ftp Part 1 Part 2 .. it was transferred by FTP to a UNIX named pipe.. 16-core production application servers. Part n All remaining tables were migrated using the standard SAP R3load and migmon process. When completed.
The company also produces a range of popular block and premium specialty cheeses and is prominent in the soy beverage market.6 TB.0. which meant considerable disk space savings. Australasia’s largest food and beverage company. index size reduction of 70 percent. one of the team responsible for SAP at National Foods. SCM 5.6 percent.0. Malaysia. SAP Technical Manager. Information technology has long been an essential ingredient in day-to-day business at National Foods. ECC 6.700 users are making intensive use of the application solutions.2.3 billion liters of milk that comes from more than 1.6% percent.0 and others. cheese and soy. Netweaver BI 7. SAP ECC size 7.04).56 billion in 2009. “We benefit from Oracle Key Compression in numerous ways. In Australia. Today. The total database volume shrank by 26. and Singapore National Foods with headquarters in Melbourne is one of Australasia’s largest food and beverage companies with a revenue of USD 3. National Foods is an established user of core applications such as SAP ERP ECC 6. fast online implementation in 3 months. over 1.60 “The database optimization feature Oracle Index Key Compression exceeded our expectations. Recent years have seen an increase in IT use in almost every area of the company. At the same time. was also growing rapidly – eventually peaking at over 7.” – GLENN CADMAN. In response.000 Australian farms to produce a range of full cream.000 in Australia. Oracle products: Oracle Database 10.” says Cadman. reduced number of backup tapes SAP: SAP ERP ECC 6. the company makes a significant contribution to the Australian and New Zealand economies. “The application environment and the associated IT infrastructure involve enormous costs. fresh dairy. National Foods is also a major supporter of local industry through sourcing of local raw materials and an integral part of the retail economy. reduced backup volume. National Foods will make a best practice marketing investment and focus on higher potential core brands to drive revenue and mix. juice. the IT infrastructure linked to these solutions has steadily expanded. juice. National Foods employs more than 4. Netweaver BI and SCM and has gradually increased the number of functions it uses in these solutions. Around five months ago the expansion-focused business found just what it was looking for in the database feature Oracle Index Key Compression.6 TB before Index Key Compression Key benefits: Significant database size reduction of 26. This means we’re always looking to increase IT efficiency and use tools or technologies with an optimization effect. New Zealand. National Foods is part of Lion Nathan National Foods.000 people. This is due in part to the acquisitions by the well-known Australian food company. HP XP24000 Storage Systems . National Foods ORACLE INDEX KEY COMPRESSION FOR SAP AT N AT I O N A L F O O D S A U S T R A L I A : E X C E E D I N G E X P E C TAT I O N S Profile: National Foods Focus on optimization Industry: Food and beverage company producing household-name brands in milk and dairy beverages. In addition to direct employment.8 TB to around 875 GB. Total index size was reduced 2. National Foods is the only milk business servicing the entire national market and buys 2.0 and Oracle Database (Release 10. flavored and modified fresh and UHT milks.” says Glenn Cadman. fresh dairy. in a trend which is still continuing.2.700 named users Infrastructure: HP Superdome (HP-UX).0. The data volume of the database management system used for the application environment. Over the coming years.04. cheese and soy dd Workforce: 4. both the server capacities (HP Superdome) and storage systems had to be gradually enlarged. more than 1. Meanwhile. producing household-name brands in milk and dairy beverages.
We were very impressed.” The company also achieved greater efficiency in another respect. Even though the company allowed itself plenty of time for the database optimization project with Oracle Index Key Compression. it took just three months from the meeting where the idea was first created until the tool went into productive use for the first time. The potential for optimization offered by Index Key Compression met with immediate interest from National Foods. updates and backups.” After these tests. We were able to reduce the total index size from 2. for example in typical content management or XML applications. including optimized I/O times.8 TB to 875 GB. which meant considerable disk space savings. “The Oracle compression feature achieved reductions of 40% . and thanks to Oracle Key Compression the company now needs fewer tapes than before. These indexes were then compressed with Oracle Index Key Compression on a test system to analyze the situation before and after compression. The first stage involved identifying the top 20 indexes of 10 GB or more in size. Oracle Database 11g comes with Advanced Compression.35 TB to 400 MB. a range of additional compression features such as OLTP Compression. SecureFiles Compression.” An archiving project that had been in the pipeline for some time had yet to deliver the urgently required space disk savings. At National Foods these are stored on tapes. “The difference was striking. The tool also offers other benefits from which business users stand to profit. National Food . Data Guard Network Compression and Data Pump Compression. This means that database compression can be used not only with Warehouse applications but also applications with mixed workloads and OLTP applications. The Australian food giant was then finally able to roll out Oracle Index Key Compression.Index Key Compression at National Foods Australia 61 Immediate interest At a regular meeting with Oracle. National Foods is already contemplating further optimization projects – in conjunction with an upgrade to Oracle Database 11g Release 2 for SAP planned for deployment in 2011. RMAN Compression. and it was this that prompted the idea of using Oracle Index Key Compression. Cadman explains: “The potential for optimization offered by Oracle Index Key Compression was exactly what we were looking for and it fitted in perfectly with National Foods’ ongoing efforts to increase efficiency. The implementation and roll-out of Oracle Index Key Compression went without a hitch. one massive index: VBOX~0 reduced from 1. Significant savings Looking to the future National Foods was delighted at the results achieved with Oracle Index Key Compression: “The Oracle database optimization feature exceeded our expectations. In terms of compression. By opting for Oracle Index Key Compression. Oracle Index Key Compression can dramatically reduce index and disk space by shortening individual indexes within index blocks by up to 75%.6 percent. it has reduced its backup volume at the same time in terms of both business copies and disaster recovery backups.90% on these huge indexes. optimization was extended to more indexes and performance tests were run.” Cadman recalls.” – Glenn Cadman. The database volume shrank by 26. SAP Technical Manager. as well as a slimmer database. the conversation turned to the success other customers have had with database optimization in association with SAP. “The potential for optimization offered by Oracle Index Key Compression was exactly what we were looking for and it fitted in perfectly with National Foods’ ongoing efforts to increase efficiency. Advanced Compression also provides effective support for unstructured data in the shape of SecureFiles Compression.
one of its main concerns was an optimum SAP migration process. IT infrastructure is of great importance for such an innovative company with such a global reach. it would have taken around 40 hours to transfer the data alone. USA and APAC).04).5 TB database. The largest platform covered in this article is based on a 2. including interface adaptions and corrections. System stability and reliability also needed to be ensured after migration. Triple-O records all the changes which occur during O2O migration in the source database. The project Implementation The project was started in July and the actual cut over took place in mid-August. Oracle addressed both these concerns with its latest “Triple-O” online migration technology. This process enabled Carl Zeiss to migrate its global ERP system in just one weekend and without any noteworthy availability restrictions. Linux. Carl Zeiss uses SAP ECC 6. the new database is fully synchronized with the old one – although only to the status at the start of migration. Siemens IT Solutions and Services therefore used Oracle Triple-O for the migration. Once complete. When the company decided to outsource to Siemens IT Solutions and Services. The subsequent interface adaptations and other follow-up work required would have made the original requirement of migrating over one weekend impossible. USA and APAC at the same time . Carl Zeiss set aside one weekend for the downtime of the key SAP platform for the markets (EMEA. with a workforce numbering more than 24. there is a delta which is usually very small in terms of the volume of data concerned compared with the actual size of the database. In order to satisfy the requirements of Carl Zeiss. Triple-O consists of two components: • O2O Migration from the source to the target database is started at a defined time. Carl Zeiss is one of the world’s leading optical and opto-electronic firms. This migration project included various challenges: • Migration of a database of this size. If the traditional approach of SAP LOAD had been used to migrate this hefty database.2. over one weekend • Large number of interfaces (more than 200) • Inclusion of EMEA. To do this.000. This is available for a wide range of system platforms (UNIX. Windows) which support SAP. • This final update for the new target database is undertaken online using the Triple-O component.62 O R A C L E T O O R A C L E O N L I N E M I G R AT I O N AT C A R L Z E I S S SAP platform migration completed over one weekend Oracle to Oracle Online migration (Triple-O) is a new technical way of carrying out large system migrations. But since operations have continued during the migration.0 and Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.0 with SAP NetWeaver 7.
The corrections expected during a migration at basic SAP level and interface adaptations then had to be undertaken. tests and the decision to go live. Synchronization took 30 minutes.oracle. The source system was migrated into this. And it was soon made available again for testing. The actual production platform is not restricted in any way at any time. corrections. please consult SAP Note 1508271 or go to www.com/sap. The financial and compliance checks and user acceptance tests required in the APAC. Everyone involved in the project was therefore fully prepared when the actual migration started as planned on Friday. • Reorganization of the database environment • Database upgrades • RAC implementations • Installation of new and more powerful system platforms • Realization of new storage solutions Oracle Triple-O offers efficient functions for ensuring the transfer of data from source to target system and uses the Golden Gate component for data synchronization. It is estimated that this will take around 30 minutes.Oracle Online Migration at Carl Zeiss 63 Once the migration is completed with O2O and the IT operation has been closed for the migration – as planned – the database changes recorded are then updated in the target database. The Oracle migration can be interrupted at any time. Just before midnight on Saturday. The system was powered down. Technological platform: Oracle Triple-O Quote from Siemens Oracle to Oracle Online migration (Triple-O) is an innovative further development of O2O which allowed us to move several hours of weekend work forward in the week for this project. The final posting date was 9 pm. The new “Oracle Triple-O” online migration technology is recommended when undertaking a whole host of recurring requirements in data centers: • Migration of large Oracle database environments to new system platforms in short periods of time . Americas and EMEA regions were then undertaken. Oracle Triple-O is SAP-certified. A SAP target system was produced. For more information. once as part of a test migration to the future target system and once to the new test management system. the actual process was tested twice with the assistance of Carl Zeiss experts. the team decided to go live. To ensure a successful migration. freeing up a lot of time for interface adaptations.
bauerfeind. it was necessary to replace legacy systems like Brain AS and MAS 90. For the resulting infrastructure at Bauerfeind. By integrating professional users (suppliers of medical equipment. with delivery within 24 hours. because the company has international subsidiaries in nine time zones. This landscape delivers excellent price-performance.8 TB for production systems such as SAP ERP and SAP CRM. Bauerfeind can offer a rapid and efficient ordering process. and initiated a five year project program to implement the solution. corporate-wide business management strategy based on SAP Business Suite. and users need access to the SAP systems 24 hours 7 days a week. needs to manage data volumes of currently 2. GPFS is the required clustered file system for SAP environments running on the AIX operating system to enable the Oracle 10. dynamic manner. the company began designing a modern. new IBM Power Systems and IBM System Storage infrastructure enables the SAP environment to be managed in a flexible.100 licensed SAP users) are concurrent users of the SAP ERP system. 500-600 people (approximately 50 percent of the 1. pharmacies.64 O R A C L E R E A L A P P L I C AT I O N C L U S T E R S ( R A C ) FOR SAP AND IBM POWER SYSTEMS: T H E R I G H T C H O I C E F O R 2 4 / 7 O P E R AT I O N S Bauerfeind AG.6 TB for the SAP NetWeaver BW system. GPFS also enables Bauerfeind to provision SAP systems on different Power servers or LPARs rapidly and flexibly. a leading German manufacturer of medical aids. there are many specialized users of other SAP applications such as SAP CRM and SAP NetWeaver BW. In total.com The continuous availability of business applications around the clock is crucial for Bauerfeind. as demonstrated by a VMS benchmark. A further 0. This solution had to be scalable to meet the needs of the company as it continued to grow. In the course of this project. and build a completely new network infrastructure as well as a new centralized storage solution. . centralized.000 simultaneous B2B users.04 RAC nodes to access the same database tables simultaneously. Very early in the project. and 2. and medical practices) online into the SAP eCommerce system. Customer Benefits around the clock Bauerfeind AG www. The window for planned downtime is extremely narrow.2. Replacing its legacy systems with a companywide deployment of SAP Business Suite. Additionally. Another important contribution to the total load on the infrastructure is made by the approximately 2. This factor was a major influence on platform selection and architecture from the beginning of the project. Bauerfeind decided to run the databases for the SAP environment in an active-active configuration using multiple nodes in an Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) on IBM Power Systems servers with a Unix OS.5 TB is required for other systems that are integrated with the SAP environment. The administration and SAP operation was simplified considerably by using IBM GPFS (Global Parallel File System). In 2002.
If one of the two database nodes suffers a failure. fewer peripherals and a significantly reduced network complexity. and the cluster nodes were distributed between two separate locations on the Bauerfeind campus for disaster recovery reasons. to ensure a flexible and dynamic infrastructure that would facilitate functional extensions and scale to support corporate growth. Bauerfeind uses SAP Dispatcher to manage initial load-balancing at log-on in between the dialogue instances on the blades. One reason for using Oracle RAC is to enable horizontal scaling by adding additional nodes to handle Virtualization parameters for SAP Business Suite growing workload. Additionally. To guarantee efficient utilization of capacity on the Oracle RAC database nodes. The IT team can serve many more systems and users without increasing their headcount by a high degree of standardization in both the SAP environment and IT infrastructure. there is a third “quorum data centre” where dedicated servers and disks are installed as tie-breaker nodes. . PowerVM virtualization provides high average system utilization while maintaining constant response times. These VPNs use fully redundant WAN network connections from several different providers. The underlying topology was designed with full redundancy for every single point of failure. Germany. SAP Central Services for ABAP systems (ASCS) are also moved to the remaining node using the Oracle SAPCTL utility. If an SAP application server detects a fault. and can also use ISDN dial-up connections as a standby in case the WAN fails. Bauerfeind opted for a cluster solution on the database level. preserving 50 percent of the database server throughput and keeping systems online until the broken node can be repaired. Oracle Real Application Clusters provides high availability for database servers. The SAP environment not only serves users at the company headquarter in Zeulenroda. Meeting Availability Requirements To meet the availability requirements. The databases for the large SAP production systems run on IBM Power 570 servers in an active-active cluster configuration. SAP users are grouped into logon groups according to the main applications that they use. These groups then primarily access tables on one or other of the two RAC nodes. This was put into practice with an Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) and connected Oracle Clusterware. eliminating this single point of failure. Additionally.SAP on RAC at Bauerfeind 65 Additional SAP users can be integrated seamlessly as the company grows with low administrative effort and operational costs. GPFS enables rapid re-provisioning. the other can take over the whole workload. it also serves many of the foreign subsidiaries remotely via VPN connections. Bauerfeind nominated server virtualization as another prerequisite for the global SAP roll-out.
The company’s owner. orthoses. At the heart of his renewal strategy was the concept of centralization. because the cluster software assumes that there has been a complete breakdown of the other nodes. the tie-breaker node is used. the company also runs the Bauerfeind Innovation Centre. and leads during data resynchronization. In this situation. To avoid this situation. medical practitioners and retailers to research and develop new products. Germany. compression stockings and foot orthoses. Headquartered in Zeulenroda. The transactions that the two groups of users would perform might then lead to inconsistencies in the SAP database. combined with the incorporation of a joint stock company. while a second group remains active on node B. Thus. Starting in 1984 Bauerfeind established other locations in Europe.’ A split-brain situation occurs when the network connection or the heartbeat between the two active data centres is interrupted. a group of users would remain active on node A. realized that the business needed to renew its corporate organization structure in order to adapt successfully to future business requirements. the cluster site accessing and reserving this disks first becomes primary. such as supports. which provides training about the company’s products. the US and Asia. and the Bauerfeind Academy. each of the independent GPFS and RAC nodes attempts to take over the entire SAP system. both of which would be running the same SAP instance. the company employs around 2.66 About Bauerfeind AG Bauerfeind AG is a specialist manufacturer of medical aids. . leading to data corruption and making it impossible to manage business processes correctly.000 staff. Business processes were reorganized to provide a consistent and standardized corporate approach for the whole company. SAP landscape combining horizontal and vertical scaling This is important for very fast-reacting clusters to rule out so-called ‘split-brain situations. Professor Bauerfeind. which works with scientists. In addition to its manufacturing facilities.
Only Oracle Database 1 1g Release 2 provides for SAP customers Oracle other DBs Fully integrated. platform independent active-active clustering solution for both SAP and database through RAC and Clusterware/SAPCTL Enhanced Add COLUMN Functionality High Performance NAS Storage through Direct NFS Online Patching Real Application Testing Option Updatable Standby Database RMAN Backup Compression. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its a affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle.com Copyright © 2010. . RMAN Backup Encryption SecureFile out-of-line LOB data compression Deferred Segments Creations Disk-Based Bitmap Indexes Tablespace Encryption Data Guard Secure Network Transport Database Vault Automatic Workload Repository (AWR) Oracle – the # 1 Database for Deploying SAP Applications oracle. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.com/sap saponoracle_de@oracle.
without having to build and maintain a complex technology infrastructure or operate a 24/7 support organization. Corporate Headquarters: 10845 Olive Blvd. Since that time VQS’s development team has continued to aggressively develop additional feature sets and performance enhancements for its customers in the Telecommunications industry. ProgramScope has successfully reduced customer budgets by 60%. Connectria’s ability to completely tailor its support services to meet VQS’s unique requirements was another key component in VQS’s successful SaaS offering. St.” – J O H N PAT T O N . as compared to local Access databases or Excel spreadsheet initiatives. Louis. MO 63141 314-587-7000 (Phone) 800-781-7820 (Toll-free) www.connectria. Development of ProgramScope started in 1997 with the idea to create a new standard in program management software systems. Managed and Complex Hosting Data Center Outsourcing VQS and ProgramScope Data Centers: St. it chose Connectria to host and manage the Program-Scope solution. Louis. As a SaaS solution. a SaaS-based program management solution. ProgramScope enables customers to rapidly implement the software without internal IT support under a costeffective monthly subscription model. As a result.com . A key component of Connectria’s custom SaaS Managed Hosting solution was a flat monthly pricing model that allowed VQS to accurately budget its costs and build a profitable business model for its SaaS offering. VQS’s customers depend upon the continuous availability of the solution. Thus. VQS CONNECTRIA MANAGED HOSTING AND ORACLE R E A L A P P L I C AT I O N C L U S T E R S ( R A C ) D E L I V E R S MAXIMUM UPTIME FOR DEMANDING ENVIRONMETS Industry: Cloud. PA (1) Oracle Products & Services: • Oracle Database 10g • Oracle Database 11g • Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) • Oracle Clusterware Key Benefits: • Hosting allows IT / management to focus upon business needs • Oracle and Oracle RAC expertise as an extension of your organization • More flexibility and scalability in use of SAP • Greater SAP stability / high availability and performance VQS is the developer of ProgramScope software. Managing Partner. VQS also wanted to concentrate upon its core capabilities which is developing and marketing software – not operating and supporting IT infrastructure. End users are able to securely access ProgramScope software 24/7 via the Internet. Connectria’s custom SaaS Managed Hosting solution allowed VQS to immediately begin offering its ProgramScope software to a broader market. VQS engineered ProgramScope with Oracle RAC architecture. MO (2) Philadelphia. Because ProgramScope is a mission-critical application.com firstname.lastname@example.org “Oracle RAC and Connectria customized managed hosting is an ideal combination of reliability and scalability demanded by our SaaS solution.
rely upon Connectria to host and manage Oracle database environments.Oracle Partner – Connectria 69 As part of the Software as a Service (SaaS) implementation. including Oracle RAC environments. including Oracle. Management and Administration of the Program Scope web front-end and Oracle Database 11i infrastructure hosted within Connectria’s enterprise class data centers. Connectria is also an experienced SAP application hosting provider. . SAP representatives and customers interested in more information may contact Connectria as indicated below. Connectria’s engineers provided comprehensive configuration and integration support to assist VQS during its launch. Connectria has a strong background in 24/7 business-critical Oracle hosting. Connectria Managed Hosting and Data Center Outsourcing Many companies.com As an award-winning Oracle Hosting Provider. PA 19406 USA 215-639-3180 Office 610-757-5896 Mobile sazzolina@connectria. Connectria Hosting East Regional Headquarters 1060 First Avenue. from its faulttolerant World Class Data Centers. with notable customers such as Paramount Studios and Caterpillar’s dealer network. Running complex Oracle environments requires an experienced technical staff with a strong knowledge of Oracle products. allowing VQS to greatly minimize its risk. Connectria also provides 24/7 Monitoring. Suite 400 King of Prussia. database clustering and load balancing technologies.
70 “OUR SAP CUSTOMERS RUN ORACLE” Freudenberg IT Delivers SME and Large Enterprise Hosting Solutions on Oracle RDBMS Freudenberg IT LP 601 Keystone Park Drive. VMware. all hosted 3-system SAP landscapes will have their Quality Assurance system located in the other data center. and a Global DR solution to our German data center • 4-zone security model (building. security. communication lines) • Standardized platforms and vendor agreements worldwide (SAP. Europe. Linux. is tape library backup to the other data center. and Asia – wherever your business may be SAP/Oracle Hosting Service Packages Freudenberg IT has developed two main service offerings that incorporate standard disaster recovery using its dual data center concept. Suite 600 Morrisville. The two data centers are connected with fiber optic connections (owned and operated by Freudenberg IT). and Windows platforms. regardless of which data center they are in. . EMC. stated Scott LaBouliere. In this way. Why Freudenberg IT prefers Oracle RDBMS • Rock solid operational reliability • Highly scalable regardless of database sizes • Supported across multiple operating systems • Platform independent • Established monitoring and management tools integrate into Freudenberg IT’s Global Active Monitoring System • Architecture designed for multi-user Enterprise level I/O • Excellent disaster recovery options Freudenberg IT is committed to providing SAP hosting services to all enterprises. Freudenberg IT maintains its own data centers and full-time employees and does not subcontract SAP operations. North Carolina 27560 Phone: +1 (866)-705-6385 Fax: +1 (919) 321-0258 info@freudenberg-it. HP.com www. Standard to all hosted systems. AIX. and at a very competitive price.at no additional charge. UPS.freudenberg-it. we are able to deliver the value. and scalability our customers require”. office. HVAC. IBM. Additionally. This avoids the high telecommunication costs typically incurred when maintaining a Disaster Recovery concept between two data centers (Note: there is no usage charge for this line). advanced resources and nimble size enables them to provide the correct balance of service and quality that larger outsourcing service providers often fail to provide. In addition they have: • SAP/Oracle hosting focus and expertise (certified SAP Global Hosting Partner) • FIT is SAS 70 Type ll compliant • FIT has been certified by SAP as one of their first Global Cloud Support Services Partners • Standard Metro Data Center Cluster concept in all locations worldwide for cost effective disaster prevention/recovery as a standard customer service offering • FIT offers a Geographic DR solution in the US at a Freudenberg Data Center over 750 miles away. “We support SAP applications on HP-UX. Their top talent. Freudenberg IT has standardized disaster recovery for all of its customers . logical) with access control and 24/7 camera surveillance • Redundancies in the data center infrastructure (Power. reliability. data center. and with the Oracle database. SVP of Hosting Operations for Freudenberg IT USA. NetApp.com Freudenberg IT relies on its years of SAP/Oracle hosting expertise and its unique dual data center concept to guarantee service levels to all enterprises. Cisco) • Standardized proactive monitoring and support of all hosted systems worldwide • 24/7 International Call Center using a ‘Follow-the-Sun’ concept • Flexible service level agreements with performance penalties • Data centers located in North America. Oracle. regardless of size.
the Production and Development systems will still be running. The hardware platform is HP/Intel servers running Linux or Windows with an Oracle database. This hosting package is designed for a higher level of hardware redundancy. FIT Professional SAP Hosting Package “We are extremely proud of the strong relationships we have built with our customers. System Availability commitments range from 99. and an improved Recovery Time Objective (RTO). FIT Compact SAP Hosting Package FITvFlex SAP Hosting Package Virtualization Option: This architecture provides added flexibility in load-balancing and enables capabilities to reduce both planned and unplanned outages.e. This architecture can support either Windows or Linux. Freudenberg IT does not charge extra when additional application servers are required to maintain agreed upon service levels. These application servers are also distributed between both data centers so that at least half the Application Servers will still be available in the case where one of the data centers becomes inoperable. and utilizes virtualization capabilities through bare-metal products. the Quality Assurance system along with the tape backups can be used to recreate the Production system and bring it online. bandwidth. SVP of Sales & Marketing for FIT Americas This package is for customers looking to run their SAP applications on the highly-scalable Intel architecture. and actual location of the WAN entry point (the customer’s location(s) and/or a Freudenberg IT data center) is mutually agreed upon between the customer and Freudenberg IT and is defined in the hosting contract service levels. data line type. SAP Application servers are allocated to customer SAP systems based on the number of SAP users. Due to this fact. communication line carrier. In the case where the data center with the Quality Assurance system and the tape backups becomes inoperable. The choice of network security concept. supported with stand-by virtual servers at the opposite data center. . we have achieved 100% customer retention and 100% customer referenceability. associated network devices. Freudenberg IT Internet Lines using SONET with multiple path redundancy) using VPN access. Data mirroring is used across the two data centers. WAN lines into each data center can either be dedicated to each customer or shared (i.9%.Hosting with Oracle at Freudenberg IT 71 In the case where the data center with a Production system becomes inoperable. Each of these servers run with an Oracle database and a shared EMC or NetApp enterprise storage device. The hardware platform is either HP’s Integrity servers running HP-UX. These platforms run with a shared EMC or NetApp enterprise storage device. and Recovery Point Objective (RPO) beyond the standard 24 hours and 4 hours respectively. or IBM p-series servers running AIX. The Quality Assurance system will be recreated and the tape backups redirected to the tape drive unit in the remaining data center. High-Availability Option: This architecture leverages virtualization capabilities through bare-metal products.5% to 99. This provides for an Availability of 99. Freudenberg IT is responsible for all LAN lines within each data center.9%. as well as advanced enterprise storage solutions. the backup data line method. They view us as their “trusted advisor” for all things SAP related.” – Todd Kemmerly.
Suite 600 Morrisville.com www. It is reconfigured and attached to the Quality Assurance system. . Freudenberg IT combines these standards with tailor-made elements to adapt them to customers’ specific requirements. The shadow system becomes the Production system and original Production system will be recreated and assume the role of shadow system. North Carolina 27560 Phone: +1 (866)-705-6385 Fax: +1 (919) 321-0258 E-mail: info@freudenberg-it. Similar capabilities are offered by our NAS storage solutions as well. Freudenberg IT offers medium-sized and large companies a holistic MES solution for production and human resources planning and control. (CPU/OS-based mirroring is used for server boot disks as well.freudenberg-it. implements and optimizes IT infrastructure. Pre-configured solutions offer the security of global standards. Our average production system availability since 2005 has been over 99. The Professional package is enhanced with immediate and automatic mirroring of data at the CPU/OS level to 2 SAN storage devices – one in each data center.72 Hosting with Oracle at Freudenberg IT “We’re very proud of the fact that we have 100% Customer Retention since 1995. reliability. Using Oracle Data Guard in Redo Apply mode. Freudenberg IT designs. Plus Shadow Option: This add-on package is for customers with large amounts of data who need to reduce overall RTO and RPO but who also need a low RTO and RPO when logical database errors occur (e. security. Shadow-based RTO is less than 1 hour (no need to reconfigure the Quality Assurance system or attach the other SAN storage device) and RPO is less than 1 minute before the logical error (but all data entered after the logical error will not be available in the shadow database so the customer must have all SAP users cease their work as soon as the logical error is detected). At pre-determined periods (e. the SAN storage device in the other data center contains the entire customer’s data up to the last successful data write transaction. When the customer becomes aware of a logical database error. they immediately contact Freudenberg IT with a critical call. America (including Mexico and Canada). The entire production (active) SAP landscape is shadowed with a passive SAP landscape in the other data center. This increases system availability to 99. DB redo logs are copied to the shadow landscape on a regular basis. After analysis of the redo logs.) When the Production system and/or data center becomes inoperable.g. With the adicom® Software Suite. and is represented at 18 locations in Europe. – Scott LaBouliere. and scalability our customers require”. the SAP instance is started and brought up as the recovery Production system. every 4 hours) the redo logs will be applied to the shadow database to keep it consistent with the Production database. user error resulting in mass deletion of master data).com Freudenberg IT is the internationally active solution provider for SAP and MES (Manufacturing Execution System) outsourcing and consulting. operates SAP with application hosting and provides application management services.9% or higher. Freudenberg IT is part of the Freudenberg Group.g. Metro Data Center Cluster Concept Diagram Interested in a cost-effective SAP/Oracle hosting solution? Please contact: Freudenberg IT LP 601 Keystone Park Drive.97% – with Oracle we are able to deliver the value. and Asia and employs about 600 associates throughout the world. the shadow database can be updated to reflect the production database just before the logical error occurred. SAN-based RPO is less than 1 minute. SVP of Hosting Operations for Freudenberg IT USA Advanced Mirror Option: This add-on package is for customers with large amounts of data who need to reduce RTO and the RPO even further. Hosting personnel immediately shutdown the shadowing process.
the motivation to implement RAC include: • Higher Availability – New Requirements – Maintenance window negotiation – More and more work places rely on SAP ERP • More Flexibility – Dynamical growth by adding servers – Better reuse of equipment • Cost Savings – Buy cheaper servers (scale out) – Reduce maintenance costs Want to increase the ROI on your existing SAP system? Working with Delta Consulting.com or contact: Jack Tomb. we can help you explore areas where you can leverage industry best practices and make current processing even more efficient. Inc. 5 Christy Drive. Inc.Oracle Partner – Delta Consulting 73 D E LTA C O N S U LT I N G Delta Consulting. As a certified SAP Services Partner for over 11 years and a member of the Oracle Preferred Partner Program (OPP). Delta has a deep rooted belief that the successful implementation of an SAP solution involves much more than installing software – it requires the integration of people.go-delta. Oracle Database 11g is the highly scalable and reliable database for mission critical SAP solutions. processes and technology. please visit our website at www. PA 19317 Toll Free: 1-888-461-5553 Phone: 1-610-558-1730 E-mail: email@example.com Website: www. Our commitment and focus on this technology enables Delta Consulting to bring the best practices for migrating an existing SAP installation from a single instance Oracle database to a multiple instance Oracle RAC cluster database configuration. .go-delta. Delta Consulting is pleased to announce its selection by Oracle to extend its agreement to provide support services for Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC). With SAP’s endorsement and certification of Oracle Database 11g. is a SAP-focused consultancy offering extensive SAP consulting services and Software components for it’s SAP customer base. Our extensive SAP expertise and multi-disciplinary business backgrounds makes Delta consultants uniquely qualified to effectively deliver a broad range of SAP solutions. Suite 109 Chadds Ford. Using SAP with Oracle RAC offers a unique solution for SAP customers already running Oracle by providing them with a total solution that provides high availability and scalability.com Delta For additional information regarding Delta Consulting. Services to be provided by Delta Consulting include: • RAC Implementations • Database Migrations • Tuning and Performance Optimization • Backup/Recovery and Hot Standby Solutions Over two-thirds of all mid-sitze to high-end SAP customers run their applications on Oracle. Partner at 610-558-1730. We offer a wide array to help you take advantage of your SAP investment. Delta Consulting. Our team includes highly skilled and experienced Oracle DBAs who are trained and certified in SAP basis administration.
Over time. Telecity. All4it has led many successful ECC/Oracle database migrations and major implementations of new Oracle features: Real Application Testing. SAP and All4it has a long history that continues to be successful. Founded in 1997. From a tactical point of view. This included projects. SAP compliance and superior support to deliver optimal results. services. and Equinix The partnership between Oracle Database.All4it. All4it was initially comprised of senior consultants that delivered advisory services for high value-added technology around the Oracle database for SAP. Today.74 Oracle Partner – All4it Group ALL4IT FOCUSES ON DELIVERY SOLUTIONS FOR SAP ON ORACLE IT Strategy and Transformation All4it Group • For additional information regarding All4it. All4it has made significant investments in programs for the Oracle for SAP organization which include: Global Technology Center. Globalswitch. advanced compression. All4it has managed to identify a market that supports projects involving very large Oracle Database & SAP landscapes. training programs and Oracle Database 11g Roadmap @ SAP. Flashback & Data Guard. This approach is built on the continuity of the following key drivers: • Understanding customer issues and upstream phase of study and design • Technical project management with local support from Oracle Advanced Customer Service division (ACS) • Integration of the best technologies with the standard manufacturers and now Oracle Exadata • High value outsourcing • Hosting through our partners such as Interxion. please visit our website at www. Securefiles. All4it now offers a wide range of vertical services. hosting and outsourcing. With this knowledge.com or contact Olivier Lambert at +33 6 08 73 09 92 All4it’s IT strategy is to help companies achieve greater business value by optimizing their investments and transforming their capabilities and SLAs. All4it combines the best of Oracle Database. from physical infrastructure to the business borders of the information systems. TeleHouse. and through the expertise gained through large enterprise level projects. All4it has over 50 Oracle RAC/SAP references! . Database Vault and now Oracle Database 11g Release 2 RAC with ASM.
html http://www.com/sap http://www. Using Oracle Infrastructure Technologies • Minimizing Planned Downtime of SAP Systems with the Virtualization Technologies in Oracle Solaris 10 • Minimizing Downtime in SAP Environments Other: • SAP BWA on Oracle’s Sun Systems • Oracle Sun Systems for SAP Mid-Sized Businesses • Better Storage Solutions with Oracle’s Sun ZFS Storage Appliance for SAP • Oracle Sun Storage 7000 Unified Storage Systems and XML-Based Archiving for SAP Systems .oracle.html Here you can find the following and download additional documents: Overview: Systems /Servers: • Oracle’s Full Line of Integrated Sun Servers and Storage Systems • Oracle Infrastructure Solutions for SAP Applications • Oracle’s Platform for SAP Solutions • Oracle’s IT Infrastructure for Optimizing SAP Environments Solaris: • Oracle’s Full Line of Integrated Sun Servers and Storage Systems • Sun SPARC T5440 Server • Configuring SAP Business Objects for Scalability and Performance on Oracle Systems Virtualization: • Oracle Solaris 10 • Oracle Solaris 10: Performance Advantages • The Role of Solaris 10 in Support of SAP Enterprise Applications • Performance and Efficiency for SAP Solutions: Oracle Solaris 10 on Intel XeonBased Servers • Leveraging the Power of Oracle Solaris 10 on Intel Xeon Processors for SAP Solutions • Minimizing Downtime in SAP Environments • Deploying SAP NetWeaver Master Data Management on Oracle Solaris Containers Storage: • Oracle Virtualization Technologies and the SAP NetWeaver Adaptive Computing Controller • SAP ERP in the Cloud. O S . V I RT U A L I Z AT I O N .html http://www. AND MANAGEMENT) Some key literature (Solution Briefs.oracle. Data Sheets and White Papers) can be found at oracle.com/technetwork/systems/index.Oracle Sun Collateral Reference List 75 K E Y I N F O R M AT I O N A B O U T O R A C L E S U N I T I N F R A S T R U C T U R E F O R S A P ( S T O R A G E .com/technetwork/server-storage/solaris/overview/index.com/us/solutions/sap/infrastructure/index. S Y S T E M S .oracle.
These services are available through Oracle’s Advanced Customer Services (ACS) organization. As SAP certifies new versions of Oracle databases. that deliver greater speed. Oracle Advanced Customer Services has the expertise and certifications to help customers adopt and leverage this technology for SAP applications. DataGuard. Partitioning and RAC is available to ensure proper configuration and set ups with SAP application requirements.76 ORACLE ADVANCED CUSTOMER SERVICES FOR SAP Database Services for SAP Environments Oracle Support for SAP A key attribute to the deep customer focused partnership with SAP. Many of our joint customers however. Oracle Advanced Customer Services. Oracle with SAP Expert Guidance Tailored to Your Business In addition to the integrated support with SAP. Senior Vice President. as with Oracle Database 11g. Tokyo and Palo Alto. “SAP works in partnership with Oracle to provide quality system support. Advanced Support Assistance – facilitates and expedites service requests through a single point of contact. scalability and reduced IT costs. Business Critical Assistance . All Advanced Customer Services Database Services for SAP Environments are delivered by Oracle experts who are skilled in maximizing Oracle technology contributions to overall system performance. Database Services for SAP Environments offers three levels of annualized services that can be combined with engagements and workshops to meet your specific needs. explains Larry Abramson. Advanced Customer Services experts deliver personalized services directly to customers worldwide to maximize performance and increase productivity for all Oracle systems. Our annualized services take support to the next level”. Your Service Delivery Manager (SDM) ensures that the right people and organizations are aligned with meaningful action plans resulting in more efficient and effective issue resolution. The Centers. is SAP’s requirement for a permanent onsite technical staff. The SAP-Oracle integrated support model draws from over 20 years of close-in collaboration and delivers a highly responsive and anticipatory level of service. In addition. located in Walldorf. setup of high availability solutions and data exchange between the SAP system and other Oracle databases. and then assist with ensuring a successful outcome for each of your projects. Assisted Services Engagements and onsite Technical Skill Workshops. stability and recoverability. Your SDM coordinates the efforts of a team of engineers who develop background capabilities on your company and your IT goals. require even higher levels of support for their database environments to leverage maximum Oracle capabilities. – combines service request resolution with proactive advice and assistance tailored to your specific operations and projects. Oracle Direct Customer Support Through Advanced Customer Services The services provide for three levels of annualized operational support. many customers choose to engage Oracle Support directly to help achieve even greater performance and ROI from their SAP-Oracle configured environment. onsite assistance in deploying and leveraging Oracle database features such as Database Vault. performance optimization. also assist SAP customers with a wide range of proactive support in areas such as management of increasing data volumes. These “Centers of Expertise” staff SAP’s Oracle Development Level Support queue and provide immediate assistance for a wide range of activities ranging from critical issue support to “production down” outage situations.
Oracle Advanced Customer Services (ACS) for SAP 77 Solution Support Center – offers our most comprehensive service. Key areas include: database-user security. Database Healthcheck/Performance Analysis Oracle/SAP. Our specially trained staff. . To further enhance the value. IT professionals. our workshops are created and delivered by specialists who know how SAP applications interact with Oracle databases. Oracle Security for SAP ERP Customers is now available on request. Both at the beginning of a deployment and at regular intervals over the application life-cycle. Performance is a primary key to success in the introduction and operation of a SAP system for all SAP customers. a new workshop. with a team of focused engineers that are deeply aware of your environment. but is also trained in the intricacies of Oracle in a SAP environment. Database Healthchecks can ensure proper configuration and tuning for optimum performance. Designed to help customers deal more effectively with external and internal compliance and security requirements. network security. when upgrading or moving the database or when leveraging Oracle database features. Oracle Advanced Customer Services provides the following Technical Skill Workshops: • Fundamentals of Oracle database for SAP ERP (Level I) • Oracle Advanced Performance Tuning for SAP ERP (Level II) • Oracle Expert for SAP (Level III) • Oracle Database 11g for SAP Business Suite Technical Skills Workshop • Oracle Database Administration for SAP Business Intelligence • Oracle Real Application Clusters for SAP • SAP ERP ABAP Tuning with Oracle Database Platform In addition to established portfolio of workshops. Technical Skill Workshops are specific to your company and are scheduled based on availability. the workshop focuses on how to leverage the Oracle database features to safeguard their deployments at the database level. Our most popular engagements include: • Database Health Check • Database Partitioning • SAP ERP Administration Concepts • Review and Proof of Concepts • Hot Standby/Data Guard Implementation • Backup/Restore/Recovery • RAC Setup Assistance • HW Migration “O2O”/Oracle (Advanced Customer Services as Provider) • HW Migration Assistance “O2O” Packages (Advanced Customer Services as Assistance) • Database Migration Assistance • Database Reorganizations With Advanced Customer Services Database Services for SAP Environments. and developers to maximize the value of your Oracle environment. not only knows the Oracle database in detail. auditing. you enjoy a preferred relationship with Oracle subjectmatter experts.Oriented Workshops and Engagements To build your IT staff’s capabilities and confidence in optimizing the Oracle database in a SAP environment. Many customers find that deep Oracle and SAP experience and expertise is necessary to improve database performance and system stability. This focused team of engineers is available to you through a direct access hotline to provide assistance for critical Service Requests and a range of proactive services including assessments and root cause analysis. operations and projects. Transparent Data Encryption and Oracle Database Vault. With the content drawn from a long history of technical partnership with SAP. these Technical Skill Workshops can be modified and enhanced to help ensure alignment with your specific situation and goals.
The Oracle Advanced Customer Services for SAP group is certified by SAP for database migrations and can assist companies who wish to migrate their SAP Business Suite installation from a non-Oracle database to Oracle. The O2O Services Set offers our Oracle customers a faster and more reliable method for changing hardware platforms. Systems that have been migrated in this way are fully supported by SAP upon completion. of course. To provide our Oracle DB–SAP customers with the best possible support. in the areas of planning. . The reorganization can be performed on the entire database or on individual table spaces. to assist you with enabling RAC for your SAP environments. Database Migration Services for SAP The O2O (Oracle-To-Oracle) Transition Services Set has been created by the Oracle Support and Solution Center SAP in Walldorf. such as hardware clusters.” O2O Transition Services The “Real Application Clusters” (RAC) option enables the distribution of your database instance across different servers. average of data load >500GB/h). Oracle Advanced Customer Services can advise on the comparative advantages and disadvantages of these different approaches as it applies to your particular situation and. (very highthroughput. during the span of one weekend. This method supports all operating systems on which at least Oracle 8. and also provides greater flexibility in the dimensioning and scalability of system resources. Germany. migrating even very large SAP systems greater than 2TB. A much valued aspect of Oracle’s migration services is the deep familiarity of the change from a DBA perspective. it is possible to execute trouble-free hardware migrations and to perform partial or complete database reorganizations without risk to the production environment. both logistically and financially. Even systems that were not feasible previously can now be considered as strategic options. Oracle Advanced Customer Services provides professional services. assist with the implementation of the chosen solution. to meet the growing challenges encountered by our customers with regard to availability. IT organizations must pro actively plan for failover and recoverability. standby databases. This offers new possibilities in the area of high availability of an Oracle database system. RAC and Data Guard. and it is fully hardware-independent. Oracle Advanced Customer Services can assist your staff in executing a migration plan while familiarizing them with the new database operations.1. We have expanded this program to include special services in the areas of “Heterogeneous Database Migrations” and “Database Reorganizations. In order to minimize the risk of unplanned downtime in a mission critical environment. Oracle has created a service program that gives customers a broad range of services from which to choose.78 High Availability/Backup Concepts O2O Transition Services Extremely Quick Database Reorganizations and Transitions for SAP Systems Unavailability of the SAP system leads to catastrophic problems for most customers. Oracle RAC Enablement for SAP Oracle is the number 1 database provider in the SAP ERP and SAP BW market space. or nodes. A comprehensive “zero risk” strategy for the production environment is also pursued in this approach. Oracle database products enable different approaches. Heterogeneous Database Migrations The majority of all SAP ERP installations run on an Oracle database. Using this service set. Database Reorganizations The services set can also be used to reorganize databases. technical workshops and implementation.7 is installed. mirror technologies.
Oracle to Oracle Online (Triple O) helps to reduce the downtime needed for the migration significantly. This ACS online database transaction process is called “Triple-O” and based on Oracle GoldenGate. Oracle GoldenGate is a comprehensive software package for enabling the replication of data in heterogeneous data environments. ASSM) • Complete database reorganization • Minimization of database size • “Zero risk” strategy for the production environment • Maximization of system availability • Conversion speeds of >500GB/h possible Oracle to Oracle ONLINE (Triple-O) D A T A B A S E 11g Oracle Support and Service Team for SAP in Walldorf (Germany) has developed a new online migration process which allows users to migrate their: • operating system • hardware platform • or even database release with a very short SAP system downtime of just a few minutes.g. The needed tablespace sizes on the target system are calculated automatically • Parallel copy method for large tables • Import of external scripts to create customized migration scripts (partitioning) • Simple LIST partitioning based on the column “MANDT” possible • IOT-Support • Enhanced partitioning support (sub partitioning.Oracle Advanced Customer Services (ACS) for SAP 79 O2O Features Overview Special Features The O2O Service. transformations. . data replication. CRM and XI based on an Oracle database of any size. As part of the O2O Online migration you can: • Perform cross platform migrations on OS level. The product set enables high availability solutions. Global partitioned and local indexes) • Support for DataPump export/import for tables having LOB or Long Raw data types • Supports table sorting during migration • Index compression on target system (10g) • Table compression for Oracle Database 11g • Enhanced migration checks based on row counts on each table in source and target system • Optimization of the file system layout • Ability to update systems in existence for a long time to state-of-the-art status (LMTS. Many features have been added since its initial development to support a wider range of different database systems and configurations as well as different migration scenarios (migrations over WLAN). SAP BW. has been used for over four years in hundreds of SAP and non-SAP migrations worldwide. also for legacy databases • Moving selected tables and indexes to individual tablespaces (defined in an Input-File) • Excluding selected database users from migration (defined in an Input-File) • Copying table structure only for selected tables. SAP schema name • Migration to SAP single tablespace layout • Creating an individual tablespace layout. Global. Cross database migration possible • Automated scheduling software to make the migration easier • Changing database user names including. transactional change data capture. So any combination of UNIX. and verification between operational and analytical enterprise systems. Key features of O2O include: • Runs on all UNIX. real-time data integration. Linux and Windows on source and target system is supported. is delivered globally by the Oracle Database for SAP Support Services team. You can migrate the system between all operating systems supported by SAP ERP. create size reduces database copies • Resumable Transaction per Default (Job freeze 24h) • All options can be combined in any order. e. Linux and Windows operating systems.
oats@oracle. For further information please contact us: saponoracle_de@oracle. Secure-files and Online Patching.2 during the migration is possible. Oracle can also partition a table by a list of values. Partitioning is the feature that allows a database to scale for very large datasets while maintaining consistent performance. Oracle Partitioning is embedded into the core database engine and supported by Oracle’s administrative tools. no changes need to be made to the application or to the SQL statements in order to use partitioning. Please contact: EMEA: Michael Weick michael. NH. In addition. Partitioning for SAP has been supported since SAP Release 4. Technical workshops are in development to help your IT staff become aware and comfortable in deploying and supporting the many features of Oracle Database 11g. Database Vault is certified by SAP for supportability. For more information.com Oracle Support for SAP Customers Altrottstr. Useful for: • Database reorganizations • Database upgrades • RAC implementation New Hardware Implementation • New Storage System Implementation of new Database Features • Table compression (Advanced Compression) • Index compression • Partitioning • Automatic Storage Management – ASM • TDE/Security The solution has been certified by SAP and is available. 2010 can reside in its own partition. or directly with your IT organization.20. so. Oracle Partitioning for SAP Customers From a SAP application perspective. Oracle can “partition” a table by ranges of values.com Japan. 03062 derek. Partitioning is a critical feature for managing large databases. Advanced Customer Services stands ready to advise and assist SAP users in efficiently and smoothly upgrading to Oracle Database 11g in line with SAP supportability firstname.lastname@example.org Oracle Partitioning is an option to Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition (also along with Oracle Database 11g certification). ANZ: Oracle Japan Eisuke Sekiguchi eisuke. while the European data is in another partition. such as Advanced Compression. Oracle Advanced Customer Services deliver personalized services with deep experience operating with SAP applications.com .6C (see SAP Note 742243) for the SAP Kernel 6. APAC. Oracle Partitioning allows tables and indexes within a database to be subdivided into smaller pieces. DirectNFS.sekiguchi@oracle. the data for Jan 1. 31 69190 Walldorf USA: Oracle Corporation Derek Oats Nashua. so for example. enthusiasm and advanced demand continues to build for fast deployment. Oracle Database 11g With the many new capabilities and enhancements of Oracle Database 11g. without an unduly increased need for hardware resources or administrative efforts. Whether through our ongoing support and partnership with SAP. North American data is in one partition. 2010 through Jan 31. please consult the SAP Note: 1 5 0 8 2 7 . Thus. With this release a direct upgrade to Oracle 11. At a technical level. for example. The Oracle Support and Services for SAP team will be happy to assist.80 Oracle Advanced Customer Services (ACS) for SAP D A T A B A S E 11 g • The database can be upgraded during the migration. partitioning is completely transparent.
No matter what you are searching for – with the help of around 160 consultants across Germany.and storage virtualization.kupfer@is4it. is solving our client’s technical problems through the application of our IT-specialist’s expertise. we also provide you with SAP technical maintenance in accordance with Service Level Agreements and Professional Services. S A P o n R A C 81 PEOPLE. PROJECTS. and planning. We already implemented several RAC4SAP projects for our customers. as a manufacturerindependent system house and IT-consulting firm. Switzerland and Austria we provide a full range of services: from analysis. SAP Basis and SAP Infrastructure have successfully been our main focus for many years. conception. to final implementation to the production process – worldwide.de . From the very beginning. In addition to handling such projects. our activities have included solving problems of server. as well as HA cluster.O r a c l e P a r t n e r – I S 4 I T.638 98 48 63 e-mail: fabian. KNOWLEDGE. AND IS4IT = 4 SUCCESS FACTORS TO HELP YOU GET AHEAD! The main task of IS4IT. We provide IT services individually-tailored to your specific requirements. Contact: Fabian Kupfer Key Account Manager IS4IT GmbH Gruenwalder Weg 28b 82041 Oberhaching /Germany Tel: +49 89 . Get everything you need from a single source – that’s IS4IT.
com Note Number Overview: Feature Support 105047 720886 828268 1398634 1426979 1430669 1431800 1434131 581312 740897 1028068 1339724 1575609 701235 1109743 1289494 1431296 1436352 1464156 Note Title Support for Oracle Functions in the SAP Environments Oracle Database 10g Integration into the SAP Environment Oracle Database 10g – New Functions Oracle Database 11g Integration in SAP Environment SecureFiles – The New Way to Store LOB Data BR*Tools support for Oracle 11g Oracle 11.20 Advanced Compression for SAP Systems Support for Index Compression in BRSPACE 7. Patches .2 for SAP versions Oracle Database Licensing Restrictions Oracle License Scope & Required Oracle Options Required Oracle Options for DBA Cockpit Oracle 10.20 General Table Partitioning Deinstallation of Oracle Partitioning Option (SAP BW) Partitioning Engine for Oracle DB Version All DB Versions Oracle DB 10g Oracle DB 10g Oracle DB 11g Oracle DB 11g Oracle DB 11g Oracle DB 11g Oracle DB 11g All DB Versions All DB Versions All DB Versions Oracle DB 10g All DB Versions Oracle DB 10g All DB Versions All DB Versions Oracle DB 11g Oracle DB 11g All DB Versions All DB Versions All DB Versions All DB Versions All DB Versions Oracle DB 11g Oracle DB 11g All DB Versions All DB Versions All DB Versions All DB Versions Oracle DB 11g All DB Versions All DB Versions All DB Versions All DB Versions Oracle DB 11g Oracle DB 11g Oracle DB 11g All DB Versions All DB Versions All DB Versions All DB Versions Oracle DB 11g Oracle DB 11g Oracle DB 11g Oracle DB 11g Oracle DB 11g Oracle DB 11g Oracle DB 11g Oracle DB 11g Overview: License & Maintenance information DB Option: Compression DB Option: Partitioning 742243 859841 1333328 527843 1550133 1426980 DB Option: Real Application Clusters (RAC) Oracle RAC Support in the SAP Environment Automatic Storage Management (ASM) The Real Application Testing Option DB Option: Real Application Testing (RAT) DB Option: Security 974876 973450 974876 1324684 1355140 — Advanced Security – Network Encryption Advanced Security – Transparent Data Encryption Advanced Security – Backup Encryption Using Oracle Database Vault in an SAP Environment Database Vault for SAP Policy Scripts DB Administration: Tools Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control 1502374 386413 937492 966117 Oracle Enterprise Manager (OEM) in the SAP Environment Oracle Flashback FAQ Oracle Flashback Database Technology SAP Software and Oracle Linux Oracle Linux 5.2 Extended Support Future HPUX Itanium Support for Oracle Database Usage of Oracle Compression and BW Use of Index Key Compression for Oracle Databases FAQ Oracle Compression LOB Conversion and Table Compression with BRSPACE 7.82 Oracle DB related Notes for SAP For Oracle Solaris and latest DB Notes please see: service.sap.x SAP installation and upgrade SAP Software on Linux Oracle to Oracle Online Migration (“Triple O”) Support of IBM Dynamic LPAR and Micropartitioning Support of Oracle for VMware Support of Oracle Database for XEN and KVM Quick Reference for ADRCI and ADR Upgrade Scripts Instant Client Patches/Patch Collections Troubleshooting the Software Installation Troubleshooting the Database Upgrade Database Parameter Settings Current Patch Set DB Administration: Backup & Recovery OS Platforms: General 1565179 1567511 171356 1508271 1002461 1173954 1426182 1431751 1431793 1431794 1431795 1431796 1431797 1431798 1431799 OS Platforms: Virtualization Technical Details: Installation. Upgrade.2 Central Technical Note Oracle Database 11.
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6% Oracle Database Trusted by 295. ”DC#223912. Vendor share is based on software license and revenue. (relational database management systems).000 Customers Worldwide oracle.4% Microsoft 20. Table 2. All rights reserved.9 43. June 2010. Oracle and Java are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its a affiliates.ORACLE. Copyright © 2010. .800. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.com/goto/database or call 1. “Worldwide Database Management Systems 2009 Vendor Shares .# Database Worldwide Vendor Share 1 Oracle IBM 20.1 Source: IDC. Oracle and/or its a affiliates.
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