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The first of these at Tabari files has comments on his range and capacity and the poverty of this attempt to precis his work. This file was last updated on November 8, 2006. Here are described highly important years and events of the greatest significance. In future this summary may be more effectively rewritten, but still will fail to suggest more than a glimmer of the full work. at Tabari vol. 18, transl. Michael G. Morony (UCLA), SUNY, Albany, 1987 text pp 2-226. At present (14/10/2006) about a hundred of these are briefly summarized below. Preface (p. 1): This relatively thin account relies heavily on two sources (Abu Mikhnaf and Umar ibn Shabbah). Much of the material in this volume has not previously been available in English. A.H. 40 (17/5/660-6/5/661): Hasan ibn Ali ordered peaceful acceptance of Mu'awiyah. A.H. 41 (7/5/661-25/4/662): Mu'awiyah sought peace with Hasan's commander Qays. Hasan, stabbed, and his brother Husayn left for Medina. Mu'awiyah ordered the release of Ziyad's (Ali's commander in Fars) sons. A.H. 42 (26/4/662-14/4/663): Mu'awiyah made appointments. Kharijites selected Mustawrid as leader. Ziyad met Mu'awiyah, settled accounts and moved to Kufa. A.H. 43 (15/4/663-3/4/664): Mu'awiyah appointed Abdallah to succeed his deceased father as Egypt's governor. Some Kharijites were arrested for plotting rebellion. Hajjar ibn Abjar noticed Kharijites with weapons. He did not inform. Mustawrid led Kharijites off and was pursued. Fiercely kharijites fought. Finally foes defeated them, both commanders (Mustawrid and Ma'qil ibn Qays) killing each other. A.H. 44 (4/4/664-24/3/665): Arabs attacked Byzantines by land and sea. Mu'awiyah replaced Abdallah, Basra's governor. A.H. 45 (25/3/665-13/3/666): Mu'awiyah appointed Ziyad Basra's governor. Ziyad imposed order. A.H. 46 (13/3/666-2/3/667): Abd ar Rahman fought the Byzantines. Mu'awiyah feared his popularity and had ibn Uthal kill him. Khalid ibn ar Rahman killed ibn Uthal. A.H. 47 (3/3/667-19/2/668): Malik ibn Hubayrah fought Byzantines. Mu'awiyah ibn Hudayi became Egypt's governor, Hakim ibn Amr al Ghifari Khurasan's. A.H. 48 (20/2/668-8/2/669): Arabs fought Byzantines. A.H. 49 (9/2/669-28/1/670): Arabs fought Byzantines. Mu'awiyah replaced Marwan, Medina's governor, with Sa'id ibn al As. Kufah suffered plague. A.H. 50 (29/1/670-17/1/671): Kufah's governor Mughirah died. Ziyad now held firmily Basra and Kufah. Mu'awiyah had Muhammad's pulpit brought to Syria. 'Uqbah was dismissed. He had taken Ifriqiyyah and founded Qayrawan ("156 km south of Tunis"). Mu'awiyah replaced Mu'awiyah ibn Hudayi with Maslamah ibn mukhallad. He gave Muhajir Ifriqiyyah. Farazdaq avoided Ziyad and moved to Medina and Mecca. A.H. 51 (18/1/671-7/1/672): Fadalah ibn 'Ubay raided Byzantines. Hujr ibn Adi spoke boldly before patient Governor Mughirah. Ziyad clamped Hujr in irons, sent him to Mu'awiyah who executed him. Some of Hujr's companions offered freedom if they cursed Ali preferred death. Ziyad appointed Rabi Khurasan's governor. Rabi took Balkh peacefully and Quzistan by force. A.H. 52 (8/1/672-26/12/672): Byzantines were raided. A.H. 53 (27/12/672-15/12/673): Muslims conquered Rhodes. Yazid later withdrew Muslims from the island. Ziyad got an infection and died. Mu'awiyah appointed Samurah Basra's governor and then replaced him. Rabi died in Khurasan. A.H. 54 (16/12/693-5/12/674): An island near Constantinople fell. Mu'awiyah appointed Marwan Medina's governor, Abdallah ibn Amr Basra's and Ubaydallah Khurasan's. Ubaydallah took Bukhara.
Mas'udi and al Mufid provide valuable roles in the corraboration of him and demonstrating his high degree of detail and specified chains of transmission. Howard of the University of Edinburgh. Marwan failed in his mission to secure support for Yazid from Husayn and Abdallah ibn Zubayr. 680.H.H.H. Mu'awiyah appointed Abd ar Rahman Kufah's governor. Dahhak was Kufah's governor. even go to Yemen. Hurr. 61 (1/10/680-19/9/681): There are some one hundred pages here describing details of the martyrdom of Imam Husayn and its immediate aftermath.H. The Ka'bah's covering was damaged by fire. He appointed his son Yazid to succeed him. Foreward: Yazid's caliphate is largely described as the opposition to him by Husayn and Abdallah. A. A. They did not appoint Yazid. son of Husayn) were spared. Husayn was advised to remain in Hijaz. 58 (3/11/677-23/10/678): Muslims fought Byzantines. Muslim urged Medinans to accept Yazid. Mu'awiyah replaced Abdallah ibn Amr with Ubaydallah as Basra's governor. Ubaydallah defended Kufah. 59 (23/10/678-12/10/679): Muslims fought Byzantines. He set out for Kufah.H.H. Husayn ibn Numayr. to Yazid or a frontier post. News came of Yazid's death. Their utterances confirm the nobility of this family. aged thirty eight or thirty five. Captives (women and children and sick Ali. 63 (10/9/682-29/8/683): Many in Medina repudiated Yazid and moved against Umayyah clan members there. 64 (30/8/683-17/8/684): Muslim died on the way to Mecca. There was fighting in Mecca. A. etc. 60 (Cont. Informed Yazid sent a large force under Muslim ibn Uqbah. A.H. as Yazid's command. 57 (14/11/676-2/11/677): Muslims fought Byzantines. 62 (20/9/681-9/9/682): Summoned to Yazid. so without combat he could pass on to Mecca. A. Accounts of the six people Mu'awiyah sought to win to Yazid's side could refer to the Council selecting the successor. deeds. His dying words praised his taking of Medina and held the appointment of his successor.H. lineage. A. Yazid ordered Mundhir imprisoned. Sa'id ibn Uthman became Khurasan's governor and Mu'awiyah named Yazid heir. 22/4/680-30/9/680): Mu'awiyah died on April 22. Yazid received reports Kufans favoured Husayn and commanded Ubatdallah secure the city. Decisively he did so. 680. SUNY. They replied they would oppose this. a cavalry commander. . I. Amr explained his actions concerning Zubayr.H. There is also the hagiograpgical literature.A. Yazid ibn Mufarrigh satirized Ziyad's sons and was forgiven. Yazid received allegiance. Husayn offered to depart for Arabia. Mu'awiyah" transl.A.H. Rebelling Kharijites were defeated. A. Albany. 60 (13/10/679-30/9/680): Mu'awiyah died. Meccans lost. the Umayyah swore not to harm other Medinans and left the City. A Medinan deligation met Yazid. 56 (25/11/675-13/11/676): Muslims fought Byzantines. He spoke even more harshly against Yazid. vol. The fight was long and there was hesitation to kill Husayn as many did not want his blood on their hands. Ali ibn Husayn who had not fought was spared on Yazid's previous order. 1990. defected to Husayn. but Ubaydallah allowed him to leave for Medina. Yazid ordered Amr lead an army. Sources for at Tabari such as Dinawari and Yakubi and others such as Baladhuri. On the Syrians' approach. A list of those killed with Husayn indicates the swath hereby cut in the descendants of Ali. Some prominent survivors were executed. Kufans invited Husayn. Medinans lost. Mundhir ibn Zubayr went to Basrah. 19 "The Caliphate of Yazid b. They returned and denounced him. A. Husayn and his small party were defeated on October 10. A.H. A.K. Baladhuri has fuller and chronoligically more accurate accounts of events in Mecca. Mu'awiyah appointed Abd ar Rahamn Khurasan's governor. 55 (6/12/674-24/11/675): Muslims fought Byzantines. His accomplishments. are mentioned. Ubaydallah refused.
Salm appointed two men commander of Marwan. "Avenge Husayn" in Kufa. Zubayr remained there. They advanced and outnumbered fell fighting. Tribal allegiances were important.R. 1989 Foreward (pp. He seized the governor's residence. After Yazid's death. He had appointed his two sons heirs.H. Several thousand went to Husayn's tomb and mourned him. Much of this volume comes from two sources. A. Basrans chose Abdallah ibn Harith leader. obtained the nine million dirhams in the treasury and paid his some ten thousand men some three million. They contended. Dahhak. Fighting continued in Khurasan. Mada'in. Central and Lower Bihqubadh and Hulwan. A. Umar ibn Shabbah and Hisham ibn Muhammad al Kalbi. extended its foundations and entrusted its contents to the gatekeepers. xi-xviii): This volume covers early years of the second civil war. Shi'ite. Zubayr's man in Damascus.H. In Kufa penitents regretted not supporting Husayn. 64 (30/8/683-17/8/684): Fighting halted at Mecca.vol. They had gone to Abdallah ibn Zubayr in Mecca. 20 "The Collapse of Sufyanid Authority and the Coming of the Marwanids" tr. they left ibn Zubayr. SUNY. Ubaydallah fled to Syria. A Syrian force failed to take Medina. A.H. Ubaydallah was opposed in Iraq. 65 (18/8/684-7/8/685): Penitents raised the cry. 66 (8/8/685-27/7/685): Mukhtar ibn Abi Ubayd rose in Kufa to avenge Husayn. Ibn Zubayr rebuilt the Ka'bah. Kharijite) contended with Umayyids. Adharbayjan. Ibn Ziyad had strenuously pursued the Khawarij. Upper. Three groups (Zubayrid. Masud supporting Ubaydallah was killed. Many died of plague in Basra. There was inter tribal conflict. He fled Basra at night sitting behind Harith on Harith's mule. Salm was governor in Khurasan until Yazid's death. was opposed in the mosque and defeated in battle. There was fighting in Herat. Amr ibn Masud was chosen leader in Kufa. He appointed commanders in Armenia. Albany. Hawting (of U. Ibn Zubayr levelled the very damaged Ka'bah. Marwan became caliph in Syria. London). Muhallab ibn Abi Sufra defeated Kharijites threatening Basra. Solarguard at Tabari Solarguard Islam Solarguard Homepage . Muhallab succeeded him. In Ramadan (April/May 685) Marwan was suffocated to death with a pillow. G.
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