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The RTP Pyrolysis Pathway Maximizing Value of Biomass Residues 1 April 2011
The RTP Pyrolysis Pathway Maximizing Value of Biomass Residues 1 April 2011
The RTP Pyrolysis Pathway Maximizing Value of Biomass Residues 1 April 2011
The RTP Pyrolysis Pathway Maximizing Value of Biomass Residues 1 April 2011

The RTP Pyrolysis Pathway Maximizing Value of Biomass Residues

1

April 2011

The RTP Pyrolysis Pathway Maximizing Value of Biomass Residues 1 April 2011
Presentation Overview  Ensyn Corporation overview  RTP Technology  Renewable Fuel Products  Project

Presentation Overview

Ensyn Corporation overview

RTP Technology

Renewable Fuel Products

Project Initiatives

Summary

 Ensyn Corporation overview  RTP Technology  Renewable Fuel Products  Project Initiatives  Summary
 Ensyn Corporation overview  RTP Technology  Renewable Fuel Products  Project Initiatives  Summary
Ensyn Corporation - Overview  Ensyn is a US, technology-based producer of renewable fuels and

Ensyn Corporation - Overview

Ensyn is a US, technology-based producer of renewable fuels and chemicals

Core technology is Rapid Thermal Processing (RTP™), a fast pyrolysis technology for conversion of cellulosic wood feedstocks

Commercial production of renewable chemicals and fuels since 1989

Food chemicals application of RTP developed in mid 1980’s and sold to Red Arrow Products Company (Wisconsin)

Petroleum heavy crude upgrading application of RTP developed in late 1990s and sold to Ivanhoe Energy Inc in

 Petroleum heavy crude upgrading application of RTP developed in late 1990s and sold to Ivanhoe

2005

 Petroleum heavy crude upgrading application of RTP developed in late 1990s and sold to Ivanhoe
 Petroleum heavy crude upgrading application of RTP developed in late 1990s and sold to Ivanhoe
Current Focus: Renewable Liquid Fuels  Major alliance for renewable liquid fuels established with UOP

Current Focus: Renewable Liquid Fuels

Major alliance for renewable liquid fuels established with UOP Inc., a Honeywell company, in 2008

Ensyn has now developed a market-ready, conditioned RTP Renewable Heating Oil (RHO) from cellulosic wood residues

RTP transportation fuels in development

Initial projects announced in Malaysia, Alberta and Italy

Business development initiatives worldwide

Ensyn’s role:

License RTP technology

Participate in RTP projects

development initiatives worldwide  Ensyn’s role:  License RTP technology  Participate in RTP projects
development initiatives worldwide  Ensyn’s role:  License RTP technology  Participate in RTP projects
development initiatives worldwide  Ensyn’s role:  License RTP technology  Participate in RTP projects
development initiatives worldwide  Ensyn’s role:  License RTP technology  Participate in RTP projects
RTP Background Continuous development since 1984 Current focus: renewable fuels

RTP Background

RTP Background Continuous development since 1984 Current focus: renewable fuels

Continuous development since 1984 Current focus: renewable fuels

RTP Background Continuous development since 1984 Current focus: renewable fuels
RTP Background Continuous development since 1984 Current focus: renewable fuels
RTP Background Continuous development since 1984 Current focus: renewable fuels
Envergent Technologies: UOP/Honeywell connection UOP/Honeywell:  Engineering / performance guarantees  Piggy-back

Envergent Technologies:

UOP/Honeywell connection

UOP/Honeywell:

Technologies: UOP/Honeywell connection UOP/Honeywell:  Engineering / performance guarantees  Piggy-back

Engineering / performance guarantees

Piggy-back PyOil technology (upgrading)

Credibility

Development capabilities

Worldwide sales network

 Development capabilities  Worldwide sales network Ensyn:  RTP technology, patents, I.P.  Operating
 Development capabilities  Worldwide sales network Ensyn:  RTP technology, patents, I.P.  Operating

Ensyn:

Development capabilities  Worldwide sales network Ensyn:  RTP technology, patents, I.P.  Operating history /

RTP technology, patents, I.P.

Operating history / partnerships

Proven commercial roll-out in two industries

Operating history / partnerships  Proven commercial roll-out in two industries  Know-how (business and technical)
Operating history / partnerships  Proven commercial roll-out in two industries  Know-how (business and technical)

Know-how (business and technical)

Operating history / partnerships  Proven commercial roll-out in two industries  Know-how (business and technical)
Operating history / partnerships  Proven commercial roll-out in two industries  Know-how (business and technical)
Operating history / partnerships  Proven commercial roll-out in two industries  Know-how (business and technical)
UOP: FCC & RTP  RTP is close analogue to FCC (Fluid Catalytic Cracking) 

UOP: FCC & RTP

RTP is close analogue to FCC (Fluid Catalytic Cracking)

FCC technology is key process in gasoline production

UOP has been designing FCC units since the early 1940’s – a co-inventor

Licensed over 250 units – more than 50% of world-wide capacity

Unit sizes from 1,500 to 200,000 BPD of capacity

RTP TM

Unit sizes from 1,500 to 200,000 BPD of capacity R T P T M UOP FCC
Unit sizes from 1,500 to 200,000 BPD of capacity R T P T M UOP FCC

UOP FCC

UOP facilitates scale-up, engineering and supply

Unit sizes from 1,500 to 200,000 BPD of capacity R T P T M UOP FCC
Unit sizes from 1,500 to 200,000 BPD of capacity R T P T M UOP FCC
RTP Technology
RTP Technology
RTP Technology
RTP Technology

RTP Technology

RTP Technology
RTP Technology
Prototype RTP Fuels Plant  Renfrew Fuels Commercial Prototype Facility  Producing RTP liquids since

Prototype RTP Fuels Plant

Renfrew Fuels Commercial Prototype Facility

Producing RTP liquids since 2007

Renfrew, Ontario

Nameplate capacity:

75 dry tpd

Processing experience:

up to 100 dry tpd –

Approx. 18,000 gal/day of RTP Renewable Heating Oil @ 75% yield

tpd  Processing experience: up to 100 dry tpd –  Approx. 18,000 gal/day of RTP
tpd  Processing experience: up to 100 dry tpd –  Approx. 18,000 gal/day of RTP
tpd  Processing experience: up to 100 dry tpd –  Approx. 18,000 gal/day of RTP
RTP Technology Pyrolysis Oil Solid Biomass RTP: 20+ years of commercial operations The world’s only

RTP Technology

RTP Technology Pyrolysis Oil Solid Biomass RTP: 20+ years of commercial operations The world’s only commercial

Pyrolysis Oil

RTP Technology Pyrolysis Oil Solid Biomass RTP: 20+ years of commercial operations The world’s only commercial

Solid Biomass

RTP Technology Pyrolysis Oil Solid Biomass RTP: 20+ years of commercial operations The world’s only commercial
RTP Technology Pyrolysis Oil Solid Biomass RTP: 20+ years of commercial operations The world’s only commercial

RTP:

20+ years of commercial operations The world’s only commercial fast pyrolysis process Patented, proprietary

Biomass RTP: 20+ years of commercial operations The world’s only commercial fast pyrolysis process Patented, proprietary
Biomass RTP: 20+ years of commercial operations The world’s only commercial fast pyrolysis process Patented, proprietary
Minimal net utilities RTP is self-sustaining process RTP Flow Diagram

Minimal net utilities RTP is self-sustaining process

RTP Flow Diagram

Basic Product Yields Biomass 80% 70% 60% PyOil 50% 40% 30% Bio Gas 20% 10%

Basic Product Yields

Biomass

80% 70% 60% PyOil 50% 40% 30% Bio Gas 20% 10% 0% Char Bio- Bio-
80%
70%
60%
PyOil
50%
40%
30%
Bio Gas
20%
10%
0%
Char
Bio-
Bio-
Char
Oil
Gas
Basic Product Yields Biomass 80% 70% 60% PyOil 50% 40% 30% Bio Gas 20% 10% 0%
RTP Mass-Energy Balance – 75 tpd basis Wet Biomass ~47wt% moisture ~10,895 lb/hr ~48.9 MM

RTP Mass-Energy Balance – 75 tpd basis

Wet Biomass ~47wt% moisture ~10,895 lb/hr ~48.9 MM btu/hr
Wet
Biomass
~47wt% moisture
~10,895 lb/hr
~48.9 MM btu/hr
Biomass ~47wt% moisture ~10,895 lb/hr ~48.9 MM btu/hr Net Energy for Drying ~4.8 MMbtu/hr Flue Gas

Net Energy for Drying

~4.8

MMbtu/hr Flue Gas

~4.0

MMbtu/hr Product Gas

Biomass

Dryer

Flue Gas ~4.0 MMbtu/hr Product Gas Biomass Dryer Dry Biomass ~6 wt% moisture ~6,298 lb/hr ~

Dry

Biomass

~4.0 MMbtu/hr Product Gas Biomass Dryer Dry Biomass ~6 wt% moisture ~6,298 lb/hr ~ 48.9 MM

~6 wt% moisture ~6,298 lb/hr ~48.9 MM btu/hr

** Net Utilities ~ 0.9 MM btu/dry ton processed **

MM btu/hr ** Net Utilities ~ 0.9 MM btu/dry ton processed ** RTP T M ~5.3

RTP TM

RTP T M ~5.3 MMbtu/hr

~5.3 MMbtu/hr

RTP T M ~5.3 MMbtu/hr
~ 0.9 MM btu/dry ton processed ** RTP T M ~5.3 MMbtu/hr Pyrolysis Heating Oil ~

Pyrolysis

Heating

Oil

** RTP T M ~5.3 MMbtu/hr Pyrolysis Heating Oil ~ 72.7 wt% of feed ~34.8 MM

~72.7 wt% of feed ~34.8 MM btu/hr ~11,000 gal per day

PYROLYSIS HEATING OIL YIELDS Mass Energy Energy Content Equivalence Value Energy Density ~ 73 wt%
PYROLYSIS HEATING OIL YIELDS
Mass
Energy
Energy Content
Equivalence Value
Energy Density
~ 73 wt% of dry biomass
~ 71 % of dry biomass
~ 75,000 btu/gal
~ 1.3
~ 6 times dry feed
Value Energy Density ~ 73 wt% of dry biomass ~ 71 % of dry biomass ~
Value Energy Density ~ 73 wt% of dry biomass ~ 71 % of dry biomass ~
Renewable Liquid Fuels
Renewable Liquid Fuels
Renewable Liquid Fuels
Renewable Liquid Fuels

Renewable Liquid Fuels

Renewable Liquid Fuels
Renewable Liquid Fuels
RTP PyOil Liquid Fuels Development  Crude RTP liquids have been combusted commercially for 20+

RTP PyOil Liquid Fuels Development

Crude RTP liquids have been combusted commercially for 20+ years for heating, drying or process steam

Crude RTP liquids combustion tests have been successfully carried out in numerous boiler/combustion systems up to 60 MWth (200 MMbtu/hr)

Conditioned heating oil product developed in 2010 for broader applications for heting and power generation

= RTP Renewable Heating Oil (RHO)

and power generation = RTP Renewable Heating Oil (RHO) RTP liquids combustion boiler, Rhinelander, Wisconsin 

RTP liquids combustion boiler, Rhinelander, Wisconsin

RHO has enhanced properties compared to ASTM-D7544-10 “Standard Specification for Pyrolysis Liquid Biofuel”

 RHO has enhanced properties compared to ASTM-D7544-10 “Standard Specification for Pyrolysis Liquid Biofuel”
 RHO has enhanced properties compared to ASTM-D7544-10 “Standard Specification for Pyrolysis Liquid Biofuel”
Evolution: RTP Liquid Fuels Combustion of conditioned RTP Renewable Heating Oil (RHO) in Industrial Heating

Evolution: RTP Liquid Fuels

Combustion of conditioned RTP Renewable Heating Oil (RHO) in Industrial Heating and Power Applications Fully
Combustion of
conditioned RTP
Renewable Heating
Oil (RHO) in
Industrial Heating
and Power
Applications
Fully upgraded
on-road
Transportation
Fuels
Combustion of
crude RTP liquids
for drying and
space heating
Crude RTP
liquids
production
Combustion of
crude RTP liquids
in utility and
industrial boilers
2012
1989
1992
1997
2010
liquids production Combustion of crude RTP liquids in utility and industrial boilers 2012 1989 1992 1997
RTP Renewable Heating Oil (RHO)  Development of a “Conditioned” heating oil for broad applications

RTP Renewable Heating Oil (RHO)

Development of a “Conditioned” heating oil for broad applications in heating and power generation= RHO

RHO can be co-fired or use alone in conventional boilers with little or no modifications

Additional uses for RHO in stationary diesels for power generation

A standardized PHO Combustion package developed to retrofit fuel oil boilers for 100% RHO use

RHO combustion emissions compare favorably with fossil fuel

for 100% RHO use  RHO combustion emissions compare favorably with fossil fuel Standardized RHO combustion

Standardized RHO combustion test unit

for 100% RHO use  RHO combustion emissions compare favorably with fossil fuel Standardized RHO combustion
for 100% RHO use  RHO combustion emissions compare favorably with fossil fuel Standardized RHO combustion

gCO 2 eq/MJ

gCO 2 eq/MJ

gCO 2 eq/MJ gCO 2 eq/MJ Renewable Heating Oil & GHG 120 100 80 60 40

Renewable Heating Oil & GHG

120

100

80

60

40

20

0

120

100

80

60

40

20

0

Comparison of GHG Emissions Cradle to Delivered Energy

Energy extraction GHG emissions

Energy extraction GHG emissions
Energy extraction GHG emissions
Energy extraction GHG emissions
Energy extraction GHG emissions
Energy extraction GHG emissions

Petroleum

Hard

Natural

Canadian

RHO

RHO

RHO

RHO

Crude Oil

Coal

Gas

Oil Sands

from

from

from

from

 

Crude Oil

Logging

Willow

Poplar

Sawmill

Residues

Residues

Comparison of GHG Emissions Cradle to Delivered Energy, and Burned

   
 

Life Cycle GHG emissions through combustion

Petroleum

Hard

Natural

RHO from

Logging

RHO from

Willow

RHO from

RHO from

Sawmill

Fuel Oil

Coal

Gas

Residues

Poplar

Residues

RHO production footprint similar to other energy alternatives

GHG emission approaches zero

Assumed biomass transport distances:

200 km for logging residues

25 km for short rotation forest crops

0 km for sawmill residues

RHO Lifecycle footprint greener than other alternatives

70-90% lower GHG emission SOX emission similar to natural gas

UOP 5398A-34

greener than other alternatives  70-90% lower GHG emission  SOX emission similar to natural gas
Power Generation  Power generation with turbine genset is proven  Ensyn is working with

Power Generation

Power generation with turbine genset is proven

Ensyn is working with a leading diesel engine manufacturer on a RHO-fed diesel genset

Trials are underway

Diesel engine with guarantees expected in late 2011

Dramatic increases in efficiency over conventional cogen

 Diesel engine with guarantees expected in late 2011  Dramatic increases in efficiency over conventional
 Diesel engine with guarantees expected in late 2011  Dramatic increases in efficiency over conventional
 Diesel engine with guarantees expected in late 2011  Dramatic increases in efficiency over conventional
 Diesel engine with guarantees expected in late 2011  Dramatic increases in efficiency over conventional
 Diesel engine with guarantees expected in late 2011  Dramatic increases in efficiency over conventional
Transport Fuels  Major initiative with UOP  Production of gasoline, diesel and jet fuels

Transport Fuels

Major initiative with UOP

Production of gasoline, diesel and jet fuels from RTP LIquids

Drop-in solution – products are indistinguishable from petroleum counterparts

Addition of hydrogen/use of catalysts

Success in smaller scale

Current focus on scale-up, logistics, catalyst optimization

Commercial availability in 2012

in smaller scale  Current focus on scale-up, logistics, catalyst optimization  Commercial availability in 2012
in smaller scale  Current focus on scale-up, logistics, catalyst optimization  Commercial availability in 2012
in smaller scale  Current focus on scale-up, logistics, catalyst optimization  Commercial availability in 2012
in smaller scale  Current focus on scale-up, logistics, catalyst optimization  Commercial availability in 2012
in smaller scale  Current focus on scale-up, logistics, catalyst optimization  Commercial availability in 2012
Projects Initiatives
Projects Initiatives
Projects Initiatives
Projects Initiatives

Projects Initiatives

Projects Initiatives
Projects Initiatives
Tolko Industries - Alberta  Joint venture established between Ensyn and Tolko Industries  JV

Tolko Industries - Alberta

Joint venture established between Ensyn and Tolko Industries

JV to develop 400 tpd RTP facility in High Level, Northern Alberta

Feedstocks: wood residues from High Level dimensional lumber mill

Products: heat, power and resins

Resins to be used for Tolko engineered panels

Engineering and design: UOP

Construction to start late 2011

 Resins to be used for Tolko engineered panels  Engineering and design: UOP  Construction
 Resins to be used for Tolko engineered panels  Engineering and design: UOP  Construction
 Resins to be used for Tolko engineered panels  Engineering and design: UOP  Construction
 Resins to be used for Tolko engineered panels  Engineering and design: UOP  Construction
Premium - Malaysia  Premium Renewable Energy established and licensed to develop RTP projects in

Premium - Malaysia

Premium Renewable Energy established and licensed to develop RTP projects in Malaysia, Indonesia and part of India

Focus is palm residues and sugar cane baggasse

Premium has announced intent to build 29 RTP facilities over next ten years in Malaysia for conversion of palm residues. The entire project would:

Process 7.7 million tons of palm waste / year

Produce 3.8 million tons of RTP liquids / year

RTP liquids to be used for heat and power

Engineering: UOP

Construction to begin late 2011

used for heat and power  Engineering: UOP  Construction to begin late 2011 premium R
used for heat and power  Engineering: UOP  Construction to begin late 2011 premium R
premium R E N E W A B L E E N E R G
premium
R E N E W A B L E
E N E R G Y
used for heat and power  Engineering: UOP  Construction to begin late 2011 premium R
used for heat and power  Engineering: UOP  Construction to begin late 2011 premium R
INDI - Italy  RTP Project in central Italy being developed by Industria e Innovazione,

INDI - Italy

RTP Project in central Italy being developed by Industria e Innovazione, a leading Italian power/renewable energy group

Project will process 150 tons per day of mixed- source wood residues

Principal product will be power (diesel genset)

Engineering: UOP

Constriction to start late 2011

residues  Principal product will be power (diesel genset)  Engineering: UOP  Constriction to start
residues  Principal product will be power (diesel genset)  Engineering: UOP  Constriction to start
residues  Principal product will be power (diesel genset)  Engineering: UOP  Constriction to start
residues  Principal product will be power (diesel genset)  Engineering: UOP  Constriction to start
Summary  Ensyn & RTP: a unique, patented pyrolysis technology with a proven commercial track

Summary

Ensyn & RTP: a unique, patented pyrolysis technology with a proven commercial track record across multiple industries

Strategic partnership for liquid fuels with industry leaders UOP/Honeywell

Focus on non-food wood and agricultural residues as RTP feedstocks

RTP is an attractive technology “Pathway” that allows for the conversion of wood/wood residues to:

Available now: A series of commercial products with attractive economic returns: heating fuels, power, chemicals

Available soon: Transport fuels, specialty chemicals

attractive economic returns: heating fuels, power, chemicals  Available soon: Transport fuels, specialty chemicals
attractive economic returns: heating fuels, power, chemicals  Available soon: Transport fuels, specialty chemicals
attractive economic returns: heating fuels, power, chemicals  Available soon: Transport fuels, specialty chemicals