I Background:Population in Washim district is engaged mostly in agriculture.

Farming is major source of income to the rural people of the district. Under farming 90% of the area comes under dry land farming. These dry land farmers faced natural calamities almost every alternate year .Farmers have taken single crop due to unavailability of protective irrigation. Taking in to consideration the geographical condition & the rain fall of Maharashtra region, the Govt. of Maharashtra has undertaken programme of integrated water management on large scale from last 10 years. Among the different soil conservation measures and National Horticulture Mission, farm ponds have been established for water conservation & water harvesting. In such farm ponds, water are available near about eight to nine months, the water was used for critical irrigation. This untapped potential has been utilized for Magur farming. II Technology / process which was intervened for its success About One hundred Eighty farmers were provided long duration ten days training on aquaculture aspects and thirty farmers has been trained under magur farming. All these trainings were conducted under National Fisheries Development Board, Hyderabad. The programme was implemented during 2007-08 and 2008-09. During the training programme demonstrations were organised at Fisheries unit at KVK. After completion of training farmer has provided Magur fish seed as a input along with the feed. To minimize the feed cost & to increase the income from the small area the farmer has provided floating duck shed & Ducks of Khaki Campbell so that he can earn money by selling the duck eggs. The litters of ducks are used for the production of planktons so that the feed cost was half. Detail subjects which were taught during training are given below.

III Effect of the technology/ process on
y

Production

After having the training all the selected farmers were provided fish seed free of cost under DBT sponsored programme of "Magur Farming in existing farm ponds". Each farmers was supplied with 2000 fingerlings of Clarias batrachus. Some farmers were supplied IMC fish seed under KVK FLD programme. Farmers received different levels of yield.
y

Productivity

It was observed that the average productivity of magur was 1098 Kg/Ha and average productivity of IMC in polyculture was 481 Kg/Ha. Overall productivity of the pond was 1580 Kg/Ha. The productivity of inland fisheries in Washim District is 606 Kg/Ha. Therefore, we have received 260% higher productivity in small ponds. By intervention with appropriate technology.
y

Economic gain

The economic gains were calculated. Net profit varied between 6950 to 19770 on unit basis. It varied between 17530 Rs/Ha to 182720 Rs/Ha. Howver it was compared with Cost to benefit ratio and it varied between 1: 2.02 to 1: 3.44. It was found that in monoculture of

41 during a period of one year. Therefore objective of having rain water harvesting and its restricted use for achieving the higher water productivity is also achieved.magur Shri Sambhaji Wankhede Guruji of Anchal received heighest C:B ratio of 1:3. y Suitability in the existing farming/cropping system In washim district the available aquaculture potenstial is about 5032 Ha in the form of irrigation percolation and village tanks.Sanap of Malegaon received C: B ratio of 1: 2. Therefore. They need to be guided for further progress in this area. To date about 150-200 ponds are feasible for replication of the success story. Deshonnati etc many farmers have started thinking about the activity in Soil and Water Conservation related farm ponds constructed under different schemes of Government of India. It is worth to note that all the fisheries is done in existing irrigation tanks and percolation tanks. In Mangrulpir tahsil 6 farmers have converted tanks for fisheries. However. National Horticulture Mission is also encouraging farmers to have such ponds lined with 500 micron Geomembrane film for reduced percolation and checked evaporation by means of use of certain chemicals and Thermocol sheets. The deficit demand is being furnished from Nanded and Parbhani District. Out of that in Manora tahsil 7 tanks have been used by the farmers for fishculture. People prefer fresh fish and therefore the Magur is fetching price of 80-120 Rs/Kg. with proper management and resources it can be successfully replicated in larger bodies also. In Karanja Tahsil 9 farmers and 7 farmers in Malegaon Tahsil have done fisheries at their own level of knowledge and without support of any external agency.44. for few years there is local market available for the Magur and IMC. There are 86 fish cooperative societies registered in the district doin the fish culture by extensive method. newspapers like agrowon. E TV . the price of IMC is between 60-80/Kg y Linkage with technology The technology is being taken from CIFA since long time. y Horizontal spread Due to continuous news in different media like star maza. The tendency to use limited water for crops also is being supported by the activity of aquaculture. Under polyculture Dr. The data referred above for district average productivity is taken from the fisheries in these type of water bodies. y Acceptance of technology/process in terms of views of the farmers The technology is adopted with full spirit by the selected farmers. The practice used in the present success story is most suitable for small water bodies preferably within one hectare. y Marketing channels There is a lot of demand of fish in local markets established at Risod and Malegaon. .

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