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, lipid, and protein metabolism. It converts sugar into glycogen, carbohydrates and proteins into fats, toxic ammonia into nontoxic urea, etc. It produces bile, blood coagulating and anti -coagulating factors, proteins, and enzymes. It stores critical trace elements and vitamins and is responsible for detoxification and elimination of various toxins, carcinogens, nitrogen-containing waste products, and alcohol. The maintenance of a healthy liver is vital to overall health and well-being. Unfortunately, environmental toxins, poor eating habits, alcohol consumption, and therapeutic drug use often abuse this vital organ, and as a consequence there is an overall decline in metabolic functions of the liver. This hepatotoxicity eventually leads to serious diseases like hepatitis, cirrhosis, alcoholic liver disease, and ultimately results in hepatic cancers (liver tumors). Hepatic diseases like acute or chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis are some of the major causes of significant human mortality, which may result from a wide variety of viral infections and a range of toxins including alcohol. A large number of plants and for mulations have beenclaimed to have hepatoprotective activity. Nearly 160 phytoconstituents from 101 plants have been claimed to possess liver protecting activity. In India, more than 87 plants are used in 33 patented and proprietary multiingredient plant f ormulations. In spite of the tremendous advances made, no significant and safe hepatoprotective agents are available in moderntherapeutics. Therefore, due importance has been givenglobally to develop plant -based hepatoprotective drugs effective against a variety of liver disorders.
Botanical Name Acacia catechu Adhatoda vasica Aegle marmelos Aloe vera Anacardium occidentale Azadirachta indica Bacopa monnieir Chichorium intybus Citrullus lanthus Emblica officinalis Liver Disorders Viral hepatitis Liver diseases Hepatitis B Hepatoma Hepatoma Hepatitis B Viral hepatitis Chronic hepatitis Viral hepatitis Hepatomegaly hepatitis C
Fummaria parviflora Glycyrrhiza glabra Gynandropis pentaphylla
Hepatitis C Hepatoma Hepatoma
Phyllanthus niruri Plumbago zeylanica Saussurea lappa Solanum nigrum Sphaeramthus indicus Tephrosia purpurea Vitex nigundo Withania somnifera Hepatitis B Hepatoma Hepatoma Viral hepatitis Viral hepatitis Viral hepatitis Hepatitis B Hepatoma .