You are on page 1of 24

Cristina Webb

67 Montrose Ave, South Orange, NJ 07079 cristina.webb@gmail.com 206.619.2437

Black Market Tourism


Havana, Cuba

FOOD

SHOP

BAR
Roof gardens are harvested

Woman sells tostones


Cuban touris ts dri nk mo jitos

Man sells cigars to tourist

GALLERY

Woman buys black market soap

Ma

tch n wa

es a

ctivi

ty

hi from

s roo

Cuban man submits his art to gallery

Band plays for locals and tourists in gallery

Wo
POOL

ma

nr etu

rns

fro

mm

ark

et

Cuban and American children swim together

Coup

le re

turn

s to

hote l

Sequence of Spacial Travel Experience:


New York ,Atlanta, Cancun, Havana and back
START END

GENERIC CONDITION
National Currency
1
1

CUBAN CONDITION
Multiple Currencies
$
1

Multiple Circulating Currencies

Separation of Consumer Spaces/ Spacial Divide of Insider/Outsider

Cuban Peso

1
1

+
Store

Cuban Ration Shops

National Currency

Cuban Convertible Peso Dollar Shops/Tourist Shops

Market Driven Space Use


Government

Policy Determined Space Use


$

NY

Lag

uar

dia

Airp ort

Government

$$$

Facade/Signage as Display

STOR

Facade Masking Interior

E
Informal Markets
Government Allows Citizens to Grow and Sell Their Produce Informal Markets Exist as Source for Food Outside of Ration Shops

Commercialized Markets
Stores

742 miles

Merchandise

$ $ $
Rations Purchased From State Ration Shops Established/Run by State

Customers

=$
Produce Purchased or Sold by Citizens New Spaces For Selling Emerge

Atla n

ta A

Advertising is Essential

Advertising Restricted

irpo

rt

= FOOD
Hotel

POLIT
POLITICS

ICS
POLITICS

FOOD

=$
PRIVATE

Casa Particular
Citizens Can Acquire Liscenses to House Tourists in Extra Rooms
Cubans Only in Private Homes

More Interaction is then Permitted in Private Cuban Spaces


Cubans and Tourists in Private Homes

PUBLIC

Public City Space

RENTED PRIVATE [HOTEL]


Tourists Only in Tourist Hotel sTourists Only in Tourist Hotels

Travel Freedom

Restricted Domestic Tourism

$
$ $

Citizens are Allowed to Occupy Tourist Hotels

Public City Space

Liberalization of Access to Space Limitation on Interaction

879 miles

$ $

Can

cun

$
Lobby Service Rooms Lobby Lobby Service Service Rooms Rooms

Airp ort

Penetration into Typical Block Types:


Tourist Flows, Tourist Views and Local Seperation

Resi
Local Penetration into Phantom Public Spaces of Block Typically Inaccesable toTourist

dent

ial A

rea i n

Can

Cent

cun

ro Ha

Hot e

bana

Can

cun

City

Toor is
316 miles

t Dis

tric i

n Ha

bana

Vieja

Hav a

na A

irpo

rt

Visible Space of Tourist Via Experience

Hav a

na H ote

CONTINUE TO HAVANA TRIP

POLICE : Maintaining control and specified norms


of interaction

Theater of the Street:

Interactions between different groups

Phantom Public Space

LOCALS : Living everyday life, wanting to meet


basic needs easily

HOTE HOUS ING

L HOUS ING

TOURIST : Wanting to see what real life is like


in place, be comfortable/feel at ease

HOTE

L
Courtyards provide internal interaction away from surveillance

HOTE ING

HOTE

HOTE

HOTE
Observing local life Desire to know/see more, Experience the authentic

HOUS

Observing interactions between locals/tourists Maintaining boundaries between them

PARK

Seeking interaction with tourists Possibly selling goods or services

PARK

PARK

LEFT PAGE: Diagrams of existing conditions in Havana and the spacial interaction of the tourist [Rhino, Illustrator] RIGHT PAGE: Studies of the spacial penetration of the tourist into the city block and where the black market carves itself out from the block [Rhino, Illustrator]

Motive: To buy items not easily accessible (in this case clothespins) Space of Exchange [Where Black Market Manifests]: At Threshold Between inside/Outside

Motive: For living standard necessity Space of Exchange [Where Black Market Manifests]: Inside Shop, Empty Room

This black market Craigslist further segments those Cubans that have extra money and those that do not. of interaction by adding anonymity to the process of exchange. It eliminates any visibility of these activities that are based on social need regardless of policy. It removes the activity from the direct context and conditions that caused this type of exchange to begin with, it seperates the cause These activities should remain visible to insiders and outsiders so that the causes are also known and seen. Spaces for not only exchange, but interaction are vital in suporting this kind of activity, especially when it is against the political will.

Motive: To buy, exchange for item unavailable (in this case, a matress) Space of Exchange [Where Black Market Manifests]: In Street

Motive: Space of Exchange [Where Black Market Manifests]: Within Own Private Space or Hotel via Internet

Phantom Public Space of Courtyards:

Internal Gathering Spaces of Local Sphere, Hidden Away From Tourists and Surveillance

Courtyard Voids

LEFT PAGE: Study of block voids and courtyards as opportunity for new black market tourism [Rhino, Illustrator] RIGHT PAGE: Imaging the new black market tourism as a pop-out document continually altered by new visitors and altering the growth of the new black market spaces [Photoshop, Illustrator]

BLACK MARKET RESORT

BLOCK 1 CENTRO HABANA


HABANA, CUBA UPDATED MAY 6, 2014

San

Migu

el

Consulado

Prado
San Martin

BLACK MARKET RESORT: BLOCK 1

SPA POOL RESTAURANT GALLERY CLOTHING SOUVENIERS BAR CASINO CASA PARTICULAR

POOL

GALLERY

CLOTHING

CASA PARTICULAR RESTAURANT

BAR

SOUVENIERS

SPA

PRADO

SAN

MIGUE

PRA

DO

PRADO

PRADO

PRA

DO

SAN

CASINO

MIGUE

CONSULADO SAN MARTIN

SAN MARTIN SAN MARTIN SAN MARTIN

Retaking the Plinth


Albany, New York

The space of the plaza should be reappropriated to the populus. The public should be monumentalized and displayed as a powerful voice within our democratic society.

Scale allowing for pedestrian interaction within the government complex should be reinstituted.
CITY AT HUMAN SCALE: PUBLIC AND GOVERNMENT INTEGRATED WITHIN FABRIC

TOWERS AT MONUMENTAL SCALE: PUBLIC DWARFED IN GOVERNMENT DOMAIN

Housing and public amenities should be implanted within the landscape of the complex to create an immersive public monumentality for the individual at the human scale.
VERTICAL MONUMENTALITY OF GOVERNMENT

LEFT: Model studies of intervention RIGHT: Concept diagrams for reoccupying the plaza with public program [Photoshop, Illustrator]

IMPOSING A HORIZONTAL MONUMENTALITY OF PUBLIC DOMAIN

The plaza should be a place of communication between the government and those being governed and should physically facilitate this interaction.

PUBLIC AMENITIES

PRESENT

FUTURE PAST

1 POLICE STATION 360 SMALL BUSINESSES 3 CHURCHES

2 PUBLIC SCHOOLS

7000 RESIDENTS

Break Boundary of Plinth Create Monumental Points of Entry

Pedestrian Traffic

estr

ian

LEFT: Formal diagrams [Autocad, Illustrator]


Highway Traffic

Stre

et /

Ped

Tra ff

ic

RIGHT: Views of reoccupyed plaza [Rhino, 3DS Max, Photoshop]


Widen Paths for High Density Activity

Open Public Spaces Form at Zone Centers

TOP: Zoomed in Plan of one plaza and node [Autocad, Illustrator] Bottom: Masterplan of Plinth reoccupied by public [Autocad, Illustrator]

National Park Service HQ


Boston, Massachusetts
with Simon Taveras

STORAGE M/W EXHIBITION

RETAIL

OFFICE

CONCRETE STRUCTURAL WA

RETAIL

RETAIL

RETAIL

NATURAL STONE FACADE [REF. 1]

TRIPLE PANE FACADE

OVERHANG OF 4TH FLOOR

M M/W

RETAIL OFFICES M/W

DELIVERY

CAFE

STONE PAVERS WALKWAY [REF. 2]

PLANTERS INTEGRATED INTO WALKWAY [REF. 3]

SECTION_A

ATRIUM
SHALLOW WATER POOL FOR REFLECTANCE

M/W M/W MECHANICAL/ STORAGE KITCHEN

RISER

M/W RETAIL OFFICES

M/W M W

RETAIL STORAGE

RETAIL

STORAGE M/W EXHIBITION OFFICE

GROUND FLOOR
1/8=1

CHILLED CEILING PANELS INTEGRATED INTO SUSPENDED CEILING STRUCTURE

OPERABLE LOUVRES ON ROOF

OPERABLE WINDOWS ON EAST FACADE

WATER INTAKE FROM CHANNEL FOR COOLING

PRE-HEATED EARTH CHANNEL VENTILATION

WATER INTAKE/FILTERING

VENTILATION

Longitudinal Sectio
Scale: 1/8=1

LEFT PAGE: Concept diagrams for comprehensive studio project, Section through atrium [Rhino, Autocad, Illustrator] RIGHT PAGE: Third floor plan through offices--Ground floor on previous page [Autocad, Illustrator]

THIRD FLOOR
1/16=1

White House Redux


Washington DC
with Dennis Harvey
Syracuse Architecture | ARC.208 White House Redux

Diffusion - Site Plan Showing Autumn Landscape

Anonymity in an expanded eld

Speci city for interchanging program

LEFT PAGE: Diagrams relating concept to field condition and agglomeration of motorcade [Autocad, Illustrator] RIGHT PAGE: Photo of lasercut and 3d printed model, Diagram of masterplan and sectonal arrangement [Rhino, Illustrator]

NG O :: non - g o ver nm ent al or gani z at i ons

Native American Rights Fund [Law] International Immigrants Foundation [Human Rights]

Indigenous Environmental Network [Indigenous Persons]

Share Our Strength [Development]

Sovereignty International [Research] First Peoples Worldwide [Development]

Environmental Defense [Environment] Earth Summit Watch [Environment] Preserve and Protect [Architecture]

Rotary International [Development] Make a Wish Foundation [Grants] Human Strategies for Human Rights [Human Rights] Human Rights Advocates, Inc. [Human Rights] Human Rights First [Human Rights]

Peace Corps [Development]

Natural Resources Defense Council [Environment] Water Environment Federation [Environment]

Environmental Defense Fund [Development]

Citizens Network for Sustainable Development [Environment]

Unit for Sustainable Development and Environment [Development] Center for Respect of Life and Environment [Environment] Center of Concern [Human Rights]

Inter-American Institute of Human Rights [Research] International Rescue Committee [Humanitarian Aid] International Human Rights Law Group [Human Rights] Institute for Research on Poverty [Development] Center on Hunger and Poverty [Development]

Doctors without Borders [Human Rights] Global Lawyers and Physicians [Human Rights] Mental Disability Rights International [Human Rights] Hunger Project [Hunger] World Hunger Year [Development] Congressional Hunger Center [Development]

Global Fund for Women [Women] Women for Women International [Women's Rights] League of Women Voters [Women's Rights] Feminists for Free Expression [Women's Rights] Vital Voices [Women's Rights]

Freedom to Marry [Human Rights] Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation [LGBT]

National Lawyers Guild [Law] American Civil Liberties Union [Human Rights] Digital Freedom Network [Human Rights]

Food Research and Action Center [Development] International Wildlife Coalition [Environment] Wildlife Trust [Environment] Humane Society of the United States [Environment]

Refugees International [Human Rights]

Population Services International Association of World Citizens [Health] [Peace] Global Alliance for Women's Health Citizens for Global Solutions [Women] [Human Rights] Earth Rights International The Earth Council [Human Rights] [Environment] Development United Earth Earth Times Foundation [Environment] [Environment] Americorps Committee of Concerned Scientists [Development] [Human Rights]

Center for International Policy [Human Rights]

Physicians for Human Rights [Human Rights]

Arbor Day Foundation [Environment] Earth Society Foundation [Environment] Forests and Communities [Environment]

Global Education Associates [Development] Save the Children USA [Children] United States Fund for UNICEF [Children] National Preservation Institute [Development] Rainforest Alliance [Environment]

Institute of World Affairs [Peace] Nuclear Age Peace Foundation [Peace] Pathways to Peace [Peace]

First Nations Development Institute [Development] City Year [Development] Global Development Network [Development]

National Organization for Women [Women's Rights]

Sweatshop Watch [Worker's Rights] U.S. Committee for Refugees [Human Rights]

Global Lead Network [Environment] Grassroots International [Development]

National Wildlife Federation [Environment]

p r e s i d e nt i a l m o t o r c ad e

[Marked Police Car] [Route Car, [Pilot Car, Marked Bomb Marked Police Car] Police Car] Sweep/Police Coordinator/Police Intersection Control/Police

[Lead Car, Marked Police Car] Command Police Personnel

[Armored Limo] Spare Limo, USSS

[Armored Limo] The President and USSS

[Control Car] Staff Personnel

[Follow-Up Car] USSS

[Swat Car] Swat Team/USSS

[Support Vehicle] Staff/Staff Personnel

[Staff I] Staff

[Staff II] Staff

[Staff III] Staff

[ID Car] ID Team/USSS

[Personnel Car] White House Personnel

[Camera I Car] Photographers/Staff

[Wire I] Writing Press/Staff

[Camera II] Photographers/Staff

[Camera III] [Camera IV] Photographers/Staff Photographers/Staff

[Press Pool Van] Press Pool/Staff

[Press Van] Press/Staff

[Guest Van] VIP Guest/Staff

[Ambulance] Fire Department Personnel

[Press Bus] Press/Staff

[Tail Car I, Marked [Tail Car II, Marked Police Car] Police Car] Maintains integrity Maintains integrity of motorcade/Police of motorcade/Police

G O : : g o ve r n m e n t o ff i c e s

Local Security 930 sf

Police Command 1065 sf

Watch Center 1734 sf

Home Land Security 2660 sf

Vice President 3842 sf

Presidents Staff 3105 sf

Chief of Staff 2193 sf

Secret Service 2560 sf

SWAT 3616 sf

First Lady 2683 sf

Situation Room 3203 sf

Staff Offices 4268 sf

Staff Offices 3302 sf

ID Team 3167 sf

White House Personel 2475 sf

Press Corps 2669 sf

Press 1591 sf

Press 1302 sf

Press 1029 sf

Press 1063 sf

Press 1354 sf

Press 1843 sf

VIP Reception 1723 sf

Emergency Center 1828 sf

Press/Media Relations 1178 sf

Secret Service 1232 sf

White House Security 783 sf

Survaillance 848 sf Security 809 sf

Police Offices 1182 sf Police Offices 1218 sf

Staff Offices 2089 sf Staff Offices 3179 sf Security Staff 3182 sf Support Staff 3312 sf Support Staff 3864 sf Oval Office 3649 sf Executive Briefing Room 4406 sf Cabinet 2534 sf Cabinet 1975 sf

Head of Secret Service 3176 sf

Monitering Center 3408 sf Secret Service Offices 2158 sf Bomb Center 2303 sf

Charity Office 4181 sf White House Correspondence 2724 sf Conference Briefing Room Room 2603 sf 3474 sf Staff Offices 4627 sf Staff Offices 4964 sf Staff Offices 3382 sf Staff Offices 3473 sf Identification and Tracking 3456 sf

Social Office 2014 sf Event Planning 2628 sf

Press Briefing Room 1905 sf

Speech Writing 1248 sf Documentation 1476 sf

CBS 984 sf MSNBC 818 sf NY Times 1687 sf NBC 1296 sf CNN 1642 sf WA Post 818 sf The WA Times 585 sf

FOX News 814 sf Associated Press 1799 sf

BBC 2333 sf Al Jazeera 1470 sf

Guest Rooms 2508 sf Guest Services 2505 sf

Health Center 2549 sf Fire Safety 1786 sf

Media Center 2575 sf Video Teleconferencing Room 914 sf

Press Corps Offices 2065 sf

Police Offices 610 sf Emergency Operations Center 2493 sf

Police 566 sf

Pre

side

ntia

l Ro

ute

To Lincoln Memorial

To National Mall

Non-Governmental Organization Offce Public Elevated Walkway

Public Circulation
Government Offices

Cluster Elevator

Motorcade Vehicle

Government Circulation

Syracuse Architecture | ARC 208

TOP: Concept image of building form (final rendering by Dennis Harvey), Sectional perspective through single office pod [Rhino, Illustrator] BOTTOM: Masterplan, Lobby, Government floor, and NGO floor plans [Autocad, Illustrator]

Syracuse Architecture | ARC 208

Motorcade Parking and Lobby | Presidential Lobby

White House Redux

Motorcade Parking and Lobby | Presidential Lobby

Syracuse Architecture | ARC 208