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Indian Oil Corporation Limited, or IndianOil, (BSE: 530965, NSE: IOC) is an Indian stateowned oil and gas company headquartered at Mumbai, India. It is Indias largest commercial enterprise, ranking 125th on the Fortune Global 500 list in 2010. IndianOil and its subsidiaries account for a 47% share in the petroleum products market, 34.8% share in refining capacity and 67% downstream sector pipelines capacity in India. The Indian Oil Group of Companies owns and operates 10 of India's 19 refineries with a combined refining capacity of 65.7 million metric tons per year. IndianOil operates the largest and the widest network of fuel stations in the country, numbering about 17606 (15557 regular ROs & 2049 Kissan Sewa Kendra). It has also started Auto LPG Dispensing Stations (ALDS). It supplies Indane cooking gas to over 47.5 million households through a network of 4,990 Indian distributors. In addition, IndianOil's Research and Development Center (R&D) at Faridabad supports, develops and provides the necessary technology solutions to the operating divisions of the corporation and its customers within the country and abroad. Subsequently, IndianOil Technologies Limited a wholly owned subsidiary, was set up in 2003, with a vision to market the technologies developed at IndianOil's Research and Development Center. It has been modeled on the R&D marketing arms of Royal Dutch Shell & British PetroliumProducts

IndianOil's product range covers petrol, diesel, LPG, auto LPG, aviation turbine fuel, lubricants, naphtha, bitumen, paraffin, kerosene etc. Xtra Premium petrol, Xtra Mile diesel, Servo lubricants, Indane LPG, Autogas LPG, Indian Oil Aviation are some of its prominent brands. Recently Indian Oil has also introduced a new business line of supplying LNG (liquefied natural gas) by cryogenic transportation. This is called "LNG at Doorstep". LNG headquarters are located at the Scope Complex, Lodhi Road

IndianOil began operation in 1964 as Indian Oil Company Ltd. The Indian Oil Corporation was formed in 1964, with the merger of Indian Refineries Ltd. Feroze Gandhi was the first chairman of Indian Oil Corporation Limited.

A brief history of Indian oil

July 07, 2006 Indian oil was first discovered in Assam in 1889, but it took until 1959 for the country to create a national energy champion—state-run Oil and Natural Gas Corporation. Virtually its first act was to take over Scottish oil firm Burmah’s

[edit] International rankings

Indian Oil is the highest ranked Indian company in the Fortune Global 500 listing, 125th position in 2010. It is also the 18th largest petroleum company in the world and the number one petroleum trading company among the National Oil Companies in the Asia-Pacific region. IOCL was featured on the 2010 Forbes Global 2000 at position 313. It is fifth most valued brand in India according to an annual survey conducted by Brand Finance and The Economic Times in 2010

[edit] Competitors
Indian Oil Corporation has two major domestic competitors, Bharat Petroleum and Hindustan Petroleum. Both are state-controlled, like Indian Oil Corporation. There are two private competitors, Reliance Industries and Essar Oil.Other competitors are coming faster