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- ERP is a package with the techniques and concepts for the integrated management of business as a whole, for effective use of management resources, to improve the efficiency of an enterprise. Initially, ERP was targeted for manufacturing industry mainly for planning and managing core business like production and financial market. As the growth and merits of ERP package ERP software is designed for basic process of a company from manufacturing to small shops with a target of integrating information across the company . Different types of ERP? - SAP, BAAN, JD Edwards, Oracle Financials, Siebel, PeopleSoft. Among all the ERPÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s most of the companies implemented or trying to implement SAP because of number of advantages aver other ERP packages. What is SAP? - SAP is the name of the company founded in 1972 under the German name (Systems, Applications, and Products in Data Processing) is the leading ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) software package. Explain the concept of “Business Content” in SAP Business Information Warehouse? Business Content is a pre-configured set of role and task-relevant information models based on consistent Metadata in the SAP Business Information Warehouse. Business Content provides selected roles within a company with the information they need to carry out their tasks. These information models essentially contain roles, workbooks, queries, InfoSources, InfoCubes, key figures, characteristics, update rules and extractors for SAP R/3, mySAP.com Business Applications and other selected applications. Why do you usually choose to implement SAP? - There are number of technical reasons numbers of companies are planning to implement SAP. It’s highly configurable, highly secure data handling, min data redundancy, max data consistency, you can capitalize on economics of sales like purchasing, tight integration-cross function. Can BW run without a SAP R/3 implementation? - Certainly. You can run BW without R/3 implementation. You can use pre-defined business content in BW using your non-SAP data. Here you simply need to map the transfer structures associated with BW data sources (InfoCubes, ODS tables) to the inbound data files or use 3rd part tool to connect your flat files and other data sources and load data in BW. Several third party ETL products such as Acta, Infomatica, DataStage and others will have been certified to load data in BW. What is IDES? - International Demonstration and Education System. A sample application provided for faster learning and implementation. What is WF and its importance? - Business Work Flow: Tool for automatic control and execution of cross-application processes. This involves coordinating the persons involved, the work steps required, the data, which needs to be processed (business objects). The main advantage is reduction in throughput times and the costs involved in managing business processes. Transparency and quality are enhanced by its use. What is SAP R/3? - A third generation set of highly integrated software modules that performs common business function based on multinational leading practice. Takes care of any enterprise however diverse in operation, spread over the world. In R/3 system all the three servers like presentation, application server and database server are located at different system. What are presentation, application and database servers in SAP R/3? - The application layer of an R/3 System is made up of the application servers and the message server. Application programs in an R/3 System are run on application servers. The application servers communicate with the presentation components, the database, and also with each other, using the message server. All the data are stored in a centralized server. This server is called database server. What should be the approach for writing a BDC program? - Convert the legacy system data to a flat file and convert flat file into internal table. Transfer the flat file into sap system called “sap
data transfer”. Call transaction(Write the program explicitly) or create sessions (sessions are created and processed ,if success data will transfer). Explain open SQL vs native SQL? - ABAP Native SQL allows you to include database-specific SQL statements in an ABAP program. Most ABAP programs containing database-specific SQL statements do not run with different databases. If different databases are involved, use Open SQL. To execute ABAP Native SQL in an ABAP program, use the statement EXEC. Open SQL (Subset of standard SQL statements), allows you to access all database tables available in the R/3 System, regardless of the manufacturer. To avoid conflicts between database tables and to keep ABAP programs independent from the database system used, SAP has generated its own set of SQL statements known as Open SQL. What are datasets? - The sequential files (processed on application server) are called datasets. They are used for file handling in SAP. What are internal tables check table, value table, and transparent table? - Internal table: It is a standard data type object, which exists only during the runtime of the program. Check table: Check table will be at field level checking. Value table: Value table will be at domain level checking ex: scarr table is check table for carrid. Transparent table: - Exists with the same structure both in dictionary as well as in database exactly with the same data and fields. What are the major benefits of reporting with BW over R/3? Would it be sufficient just to Webenable R/3 Reports? - Performance — Heavy reporting along with regular OLTP transactions can produce a lot of load both on the R/3 and the database (cpu, memory, disks, etc). Just take a look at the load put on your system during a month end, quarter end, or year-end — now imagine that occurring even more frequently. Data analysis — BW uses a Data Warehouse and OLAP concepts for storing and analyzing data, where R/3 was designed for transaction processing. With a lot of work you can get the same analysis out of R/3 but most likely would be easier from a BW. How can an ERP such as SAP help a business owner learn more about how business operates? - In order to use an ERP system, a business person must understand the business processes and how they work together from one functional area to the other. This knowledge gives the student a much deeper understanding of how a business operates. Using SAP as a tool to learn about ERP systems will require that the people understand the business processes and how they integrate. What is the difference between OLAP and Data Mining? - OLAP - On line Analytical processing is a reporting tool configured to understand your database schema ,composition facts and dimensions . By simple point-n-clicking, a user can run any number of canned or userdesigned reports without having to know anything of SQL or the schema. Because of that prior configuration, the OLAP engine “builds” and executes the appropriate SQL. Mining is to build the application to specifically look at detailed analyses, often algorithmic; even more often misappropriate called “reporting. What is Ã¢â‚¬Å“Extended Star SchemaÃ¢â‚¬Â ﾝ and how did it emerge? - The Star Schema consists of the Dimension Tables and the Fact Table. The Master Data related tables are kept in separate tables, which has reference to the characteristics in the dimension table(s). These separate tables for master data is termed as the Extended Star Schema. Define Meta data, Master data and Transaction data - Meta Data: Data that describes the structure of data or MetaObjects is called Metadata. In other words data about data is known as Meta Data. Master Data: Master data is data that remains unchanged over a long period of time. It contains information that is always needed in the same way. Characteristics can bear master data in BW. With master data you are dealing with attributes, texts or hierarchies. Transaction data: Data relating to the day-to-day transactions is the Transaction data.
Bex Map. But it is stored externally in the master data tables (texts. Hierarchies and hierarchy node.Extractors is a data retrieval mechanisms in the SAP source system. In contrast to multi-dimensional data storage with InfoCubes. User entry/Default type. Bex Web. What is AWB?. we have query Q2 which gets the top 10 customers for info object 0customer with as a vairable with replacement path and display detailed report on the customers list passed from Q1. What are the different types of source system? . Processing types. What is an info cube? Info cube is structured as star schema (extended) where a fact table is surrounded by different dim table that are linked with DIM’ids. It describes a consolidated dataset from one or more InfoSources. The queries in workbook can be saved to there respective roles in the Bex browser. What is extended star schema? In Extended Star Schema. click on the ‘Process Chain Maint’ button and type in the name and descrition . you will have aggregated data in the cubes. very complex. flat database tables. hierarchies). the individual info packages are inserted automatically. Expensive. analyze information and can execute queries. Which can fill the extract structure of a data source with the data from the SAP source system datasets. for ex: let us assume that u have query Q1 which displaysthe top 10 customers. What is modeling? It is an art of designing the data base.SAP R/3 Source Systems. attributes. What is the significance of ODS in BIW? . Determine where master data resides. SAP BW. Bex analyzer. monitoring and maintaining all the processes connected with data staging and processing in the business information whearhousing.Variables are parameters of a query that are set in the parameter query definition and are not filled with values until the queries are inserted into workbooks. The SID table points to characteristics attribute texts and hierarchies. This dataset can be analyzed with a BEx Query or InfoSet Query. What is Extractor? .An ODS Object serves to store consolidated and debugged transaction data on a document level (atomic level). There are different types of variables which are used in different application: Characteristics variables. How do you replace a query result from a master query to a child query? A: If you select characterstic value with replacement path then it used the results from previuos query. Formulas. The data of an ODS Object can be updated with a delta update into InfoCubes and/or other ODS Objects in the same system or across systems. the data in ODS Objects is stored in transparent. . The extractor may be able to supply data to more fields than exist in the extract structure. The design of DB depends on the schema and the schema is defined as representation of tables and their relationships.Interfaces are huge problem. Texts. Flat Files and External Systems. What is Bex? . Replacment Path. demands highly trained staff. Bex has the following components: Bex Browser. The characteristic in the dimensional table points to the relevant master data by the use of SID table. What is its purpose? .Bex stands for Business Explorer.AWB stands for Administrator WorkBench. view reports. How would you convert a info package group into a process chain? A: Double Click on the info package grp. lengthy implementation time. the dimension table does not contain master data. What are variables? . Bex enables end user to locate reports. under the BW star schema model. AWB is a tool for controlling. And the data wise.Name some drawbacks of SAP .
And also it supports slowly changing dimension. Explain how you used Start routines in your project? • Start routines are used for mass processing of records. What is compression? • It is a process used to delete the Request IDs and this saves space. Moreover the SID table concept allows users to implement multi languages and multi hierarchy OLAP environments. In one of scenario. instead of single value. Example: If we have total telephone expense for a Cost Center. Assign a Constant . we wanted to apply size % to the forecast data. we wanted to have 4 records against one single record that is coming in the info package. Then after applying size %(Small 20%. • V2 Update: It is an Asynchronous update. Large 20%. we use the return table in the Update Routine. • Serialized V3 Update: The V3 collective update must be scheduled as a job (via LBWE). The transfer sequence may not be the same as the order in which the data was created in all . document data is collected in the order it was created and transferred into the BW as a batch job.This multistep navigational task adds extra overhead when executing a query. Medium 40%. For example if material M1 is forecasted to say 100 in May. What is the table that is used in start routines? • Always the table structure will be the structure of an ODS or InfoCube. In start routine all the records of DataPackage is available for processing. Extra Large 20%). V2 and V3 updates? • V1 Update: It is a Synchronous update. ABAP routine or a Formula When you write user exit for variables what does I_Step do? A: I_Step is used in ABAP code as a conditional check. Statistics update and the Document update take place as different tasks. What are the options available in transfer rule and when ABAP code is recquired during the transfer rule what important variables you can use? A: Assign info object. What are Return Tables? • When we want to return multiple records. using a return table we can get expense per employee. For example if it is an ODS then active table structure will be the table. How do start routine and return table synchronize with each other? • Return table is used to return the Value following the execution of start routine What is the difference between V1. Here. So we can process all these records together in start routine. However the benefit of this model is that all fact tables (info cubes) share common master data tables between several info cubes. Here the Statistics update is carried out at the same time as the document update (in the application tables). o V1 & V2 don’t need scheduling. This is achieved in start routine.
If we have not performed a rollup then the new InfoCube data will not be available while reporting on the aggregate. Informix. IBM DB2/390 supports table partitioning while SAP DB. What are the options available in transfer rule? • InfoObject • Constant • Routine • Formula Under which menu path is the Test Workbench to be found. Ex: Assume that u have 100 products and 200 customers. We can partition only at 0CALMONTH or 0FISCPER. Oracle. Even if you put more than one characterstic per dimension. What is Rollup? • This is used to load new DataPackages (requests) into the InfoCube aggregates. for example after loading data into Info Cube. if you make one dimension for both . This rolling up into aggregates might fail. Apart from them. What is table partitioning and what are the benefits of partitioning in an InfoCube? • It is the method of dividing a table which would enable a quick reference. Also table maintenance becomes easier. if you make individual dimensions then the total number of rows will be 300.the size of the dimension will be 20000. including in earlier Releases? The menu path is: Tools – ABAP Workbench – Test – Test Workbench. in process chains you add so many process types. A) During data loading.scenarios. now this rolling up of data into aggregates is a process type which you keep after the process type for loading data into Cube. Microsoft SQL Server. Table partitioning helps to run the report faster as data is stored in the relevant partitions. Another one is after you load data into ODS. V3 update only processes the update data that is successfully processed with the V2 update. IBM DB2/400 do not support table portioning. Errors while monitoring process chains. How would you optimize the dimensions? A: Use as many as possible for performance improvement. you activate ODS data (another process type) this might also fail. SAP uses fact file partitioning to improve performance. . do the math considering worst case senerio and decide which characterstics may be combined in a dimension. you rollup data into aggregates. How many extra partitions are created and why? • Two partitions are created for date before the begin date and after the end date.
you can make them as infoprovider.) SM50 à Program/Mode à Program à Debugging & debug this work process. Yes. I don’t think you can delete single records.In Monitor—– Details (Header/Status/Details) à Under Processing (data packet): Everything OK à Context menu of Data Package 1 (1 Records): Everything OK —. Can we make a datasource to support delta. You have to delete entire PSA data for a request. . (Here we can debug update rules or transfer rules. Delta extraction is supported for all generic extractors. Generic delta services: Supports delta extraction for generic extractors according to: Time stamp Calendar day Numeric pointer. after entering datasource name and pressing create.right click on the infoarea and select ‘Insert characterstic as data target’. While creating datasource from RSO2. it’s in last pages u find out. A) If this is a custom (user-defined) datasource you can make the datasource delta enabled. the date to calender month is converted automatically. which says generic delta. in the next screen there is one button at the top. Ex: if the cube contains calender month and your transfer structure contains date. Ex: you can make 0CUSTMER as infoprovider and do Bex reporting on 0 CUSTOMER. PSA Cleansing. If you want more details about this there is a chapter in Extraction book.Simulate update. SAP Query and function modules The delta queue (RSA7) allows you to monitor the current status of the delta attribute What are the conversion routines for units and currencies in the update rule? A: Time dimensions are automatically converted. such as tables/views. such as document number & counter Only one of these attributes can be set as a delta attribute. A) You know how to edit PSA. Can you make an infoobject as info provider and why? A. When you want to report on characterstics or master data.
. delete overlapping requests. 5. Define the file structure(max file size and max no of data objects) 5. Activate extract structure MC03BF0 for data source 2LIS_03_BF 3. Data export(open hub). Choose fields for selection(like 0CALDAY. 2. 4. How do you transoform Open Hub Data? A: Using BADI What are the data loading tuning one can do? A: 1. Extras -> Select archival 3. Initialize openig balance in R/3(S278) 2. load historical movements and compress without marker update. Select the delete options (not scheduled. cube is ready for archival. generate index.etc) 4. 8. load deltas using 2LIS_03_BF Give step to step approach to archiving cubex. indexes on source tables . Read PSA and update data target.activate ODS. 4. Select the folder(logical file name) 6. activate the cube. 6. load opening balance using data source 2LIS_40_s278 5. What are the parallel process that could have locking problems A: 1. Update ODS data object. What are the data target administration task A: delete index. loading master data from same infoobject. A: 1. construct database statistics. rolling up for the same info cube. 3. setup historical material docus in R/3. load balance on different servers 3. watch the ABAP code in transfer and update rules. heirachy attribute change run 2. initial fill of new aggregates.What are the steps to unload non cumulative cubes? A: 1. activation or delection of ODS object when loading parallel. double click on the cube (or right click and select change) 2. complete deletion of data target. What are the load process and post processing? A: Info packake. setup V3 Update 7. 0CUSTOMER. compression of the infocube. start automatically or after event) 7. for ex: avoid master data from different source systems at the same time. roll up of filled aggregates. selecting deletion of info cube/ ODS and parallel loading. Save Hierarchy.
What is BW? The SAP Business Information Warehouse allows you to analyze data from operative SAP applications as well as all other business applications and external data sources such as databases. u can overwrite the existing data in ODS. use PSA and data target inparallel option in the info package 7. What is the use of BW Statistics? A: The sets of cubes delivered by SAP is used to measure performance for query.4. Click on the exception icon on the left. Select the exception from query for reporting(drag and drop). start several info packagers parallel with different selection options 8. online services and the Internet.What is infoobject? . 6. What is ODS? A: Operations data Source .give a name and description. 1. load master data before loading transaction data.Systems. What is SAP? SAP . use fixed length files if u load data from flat files and put the file on the application server. What are the options when definging aggregates? A: * – groups accotding to characterstics H – Hierarchy F – fixed value Blank — none How will you debug errors with SAP GUI (like Active X error etc) A: Run Bex analyzer -> Business Explorer menu item -> Installation check. How do you define exception reporting in the background? A: Use the reporting agent for this from the AWB. What is transaction code? A transaction code is a four-character command that tells the system location of a task 3. buffer the SID number ranges if u load lot of data at once 9. use content extractor 6. 5. loading data etc. It also shoes the usage of aggregates and the cost associated with then.if u find any errors either reinstall or fix it. this verifies the GUI installation . What is /o stands for? Create a new session and go to new system task without closing prior session. click on it. 2. 4. this shows an excel sheet with a start button. 5.. What is /n stands for? End current system task and go to new system task. Applications and products in data processing.
The dimensional tables are specific to a fact table. Actually fact table holds transactional data. that means it contains millions to billions of records. Fact table holds transactional data and dimensional table holds master data. In practice. This problem can be solved in extended star schema. They are used to structure the information that is needed to create larger BW objects. What is slowly changing dimension? Dimensions those changes with time are called slowly changing dimension. They are responsible for extracting and staging data from various source systems. . InfoSources contain either transaction data or master data (attributes. such as InfoCubes or ODS Objects. This situation creates data management problems such as master data redundancy because the very same product is duplicated in several dimensional tables instead of sharing from one single master data table. An InfoSource is a quantity of information that logically belongs together. and sales) are referred to as InfoObjects in BW. the dimension table does not contain master data. Fact table is usually very large. This multi step navigational task adds extra overhead when executing a query. Fact table is surrounded by dimensional tables. summarized into a single unit. Moreover the SID table concept allows users to implement multi languages and multi hierarchy OLAP environments. It contains the transactional data obtained from the transactions in onlinetransactional processes (OLTP) and master data such as addresses of customers andorganizations. However the benefit of this model is that all fact tables (info cubes) share common master data tables between several info cubes.what is infosource? InfoSources are the group of InfoObjects that belong together from a business point ofview. under the BW star schema model. texts and hierarchies). The design of DB depends on the schema and the schema is defined as representation of tables and their relationships. which remain unchanged for longer time period. What is extended star schema? In Extended Star Schema. What is modeling? It is an art of designing the data base.Business evaluation objects (for example. 7. hierarchies). 8. This means that dimensional tables are not shared to across other fact tables. customers. The SID table points to characteristics attribute texts and hierarchies. What is Star Schema? In Star Schema model. And also it supports slowly changing dimension. What is dimension table? Dimension table is a collection of logically related descriptive attributes that means characteristics. The characteristic in the dimensional table points to the relevant master data by the use of SID table. Hence they contain a few thousands to few million records. InfoObjects are the smallest components in BW. But it is stored externally in the master data tables (texts.What is Datasource? DataSources are flat data structures containing data that logically belongs together. On the other hand dimensional tables are very small. What is fact table? Fact table is the collection if facts and relations that means foreign keys with the dimension. attributes. When other fact table such as a product needs the same product dimension data another dimension table that is specific to a new fact table is needed.
Allows you to save the data view after ad-hoc analysis. And the data wise. Data packet dimension (P)…. 1. TIMS How you’ll write date in BW? YYYYMMDD Q1. Answer: A.. B. What is the maximum no. 0calday etc 3. of characteristics? 248 What is the model of the info cube? Info cube model is extended star schema.it contains time characteristics such as 0calmonth..a) request Id (b) Record type (c) Change run id 2. query view. of key figures? 233 What is the maximum no. CHAR 2.it contains 3characteristics. The Web Analyzer allows you to execute ad hoc analyses on the Web: When you have selected a data provider (query. convenient Web application for data analysis that you can call using a URL or as an iView in the portal. InfoProvider. Can be called as an iView in the SAP Portal C. What is the maximum no. C The BEx Web Analyzer is a standalone. What are the 3SAP defined dimensions? The 3 SAP defined dimensions are….What is an info cube? Info cube is structured as star schema (extended) where a fact table is surrounded by different dim table that are linked with DIM'ids. How many tables does info cube contain? Actually info cube contains two tables’ E table and F (fact) table. of dimensions in info cube? 16(3 are sap defines and 13 are customer defined) What are the minimum no of dimensions in info cube? 4(3 Sap defined and 1 customer defined). Time dimension (T)…. you will have aggregated data in the cubes. external data source). Is a standalone Web Application that can be called using a URL B. What are the data types for the characteristic info object? There are 4types: 1. The BEx Web Analyzer: (More than one answer is correct) A. NUMC 3. Unit Dimension (U)…it contains basically amount and quantity related units. the data is displayed in a table with a . DATS 4.
when the ad hoc analysis is saved. You can navigate to the data and use other Web Analyzer functions available in the application toolbar. When the query view is saved. Q 3. you can change the type of data display. B. Transformation Rules D. Query Run Time C. 2 Structures. In which of the following can you implement currency translations? (More than one answer is correct) A.navigation pane. Query definition B. you can save the data view generated from navigation and analysis as a query view by choosing Save View in the context menu. 1 Structure B. and create printable versions of your analyses. Infopackage Answer: A. C The following diagram shows where the currency translation is possible in BI. the entire Web application is saved. use the information broadcasting functions to broadcast your analyses to others. both in the rows . In the Web Analyzer. including the properties of Web items and the layout of the data. For example. What must be in place before you are able to define ‘Exception Cells’ in the query definition? (Only one answer is correct) A. Q2. only the data view is saved. and you can save the ad hoc analysis by choosing Save As.
You can then define cells if these prerequisites have been met. Attributes are stored against Characteristic in BI. 2 Structures. D Attributes are part of Master Data and not Meta Data. They can be selected in the query in exactly the same way as the characteristics for an InfoCube. the cell definition always takes effect at the intersection between the characteristic value and the key figure. Answer: C When you define selection criteria and formulas for structural components and there are two structural components of a query. With reference to ‘Attributes’ in BI. B. a new edge/dimension is added to . For example. Attributes are part of Metadata C. one in rows and one in columns D. C. Q 4. which of the following statements are true? (More than one answer is correct) A. In this case. The term cell for the function Defining Exception Cells should not be confused with the term cell in Microsoft Excel. No structures are required. 3 Structures E. This function allows you to design much more detailed queries. The formulas or selection conditions that you define for a cell always take effect at the intersection between two structural components.C. Navigation Attributes provide functionality similar to characteristic in query definition. Cell-specific definitions allow you to define explicit formulas and selection conditions for cells as well as implicit cell definitions. generic cell definitions are created at the intersection of the structural components that determine the values to be presented in the cell. There are two types of Attributes Text and Navigation D. Characteristic attributes can be converted into navigation attributes. A cell is the intersection between two structural components. If a drilldown characteristic has two different characteristic values. you can use characteristic values in one structure and key figures in the other. You can define exception cells only for queries that have two structures. Answer: A. This means that you can override implicitly created cell values.
If you want to navigate in the query using the cost center manager. A basic key figure of the InfoProvider whose values have been restricted by the use of a formula. When executing the query there is no difference between navigation attributes and the characteristics for an InfoCube. you have to create the attribute ‘Cost Center Manager’ as a navigation attribute. During the data selection for the query. Which of the following statements are true? (More than one answer is correct) A. A basic key figure that is displayed in conjunction with a hierarchy. and flag it as a navigation characteristic in the InfoProvider. the data manager connects the InfoProvider and the master data table (‘join’) in order to fill the Query. The key figures that are restricted by one or more characteristic selections can be basic key figures. C In the Query Designer. or key figures that are already restricted.the InfoCube. C. Calculated Key Figures stored at Query level can be reused Answer: A. Calculated Key Figures can be stored at Query level D. Q 6. Answer: B You can restrict the key figures of an InfoProvider for reuse by selecting one or more characteristics. you use formulas to recalculate the key figures in an InfoProvider so that you can reuse them. B. What is the definition of a restricted key Figure? (Only one answer is correct) A. B. e. restricted key figures . Calculated Key Figures can be stored in the PSA C. A basic key figure of the Infoprovider that has been restricted by one or more characteristic selections.g. If you need the costs of the cost center drilled down by person responsible: You use the attribute ‘Cost Center Manager’ for the characteristic ‘Cost Center’. calculated key figures. You are planning to use Calculated Key Figures. Calculated key figures consist of formula definitions containing basic key figures. Calculated Key Figures can be stored at Infoprovider level. All navigation functions in the OLAP processor are also possible for navigation attributes Q 5.
versioning allows both a customer version and SAP version of the same object. B. you can use this calculated key figure in all queries based on this InfoProvider by moving the key figure into the rows or columns of the query using drag and drop. If you define a Calculated key figure at the InfoProvider level. which of the following statements are true? (More than one answer is correct) A. Change the delivered content object 0COSTCENTER Answer: B Unlike other SAP products. Q 9. Which one of the following approaches would you use recommend. If you define a Calculated Key Figure at the Query level. DSO C. This approach leads to faster implementations and is generally taken in ‘real life’ projects. Create a new InfoObject COSTC** to represent the 13 character cost center number. the Infoprovider can be: (More than one answer is correct) A. For real-time InfoCubes you can define permitted combinations of characteristic values in the form of characteristic relationships and create data slices for data that you want to protect. and they can be different. Aggregation levels are used as InfoProviders for planning . Q 7. (Only one answer is correct) A. See InfoProviders. the cost centre number is 13 characters long but the SAP system only allows 10 characters. Q 8. Your company wants to consolidate Cost Center data from an SAP system and an external system via a file interface. it is valid only for the Query in question and cannot be resued. Infocube B. Multiprovider Answer: A.or precalculated key figures. This involves real-time InfoCubes and MultiProviders. C The InfoProvider defines the data basis for planning. With reference to aggregation levels in IP. In the legacy system. In IP (Integrated Planning).
to increase performance C. an aggregation level is located on a real-time enabled InfoCube C. Why do we need to normalise a data model? (Only one answer is correct) A. reducing the possibility of inconsistent data. B Aggregation levels are used as InfoProviders for planning: with an aggregation level. The key figures included in the aggregation level are aggregated using the characteristics that are not included in the aggregation level. Aggregation levels can also be created on MultiProviders. Q 11. you model levels whose data can be changed manually using input-ready queries or automatically using planning functions. None of the above Answer: D Data normalization is a process in which data attributes within a data model are organized to increase the cohesion of entity types. The advantage of having a highly normalized data schema is that information is stored in one place and one place only. the goal of data normalization is to reduce and even eliminate data redundancy. to make it look good B. Aggregates can be created for which of the following? (Only one answer is correct) A. Please note that in the extended star schema only the Fact Table (and not dimension table) is normalized. an aggregation level is located on a real-time enabled InfoCube.B. For more information on the functioning principle of aggregation and saving the changed data records for an aggregation level by means of a simple example. To avoid redundancy E. Aggregation levels can also be created on MultiProviders and Data Store Objects Answer: A. To comply with the multidimensional modelling rules D. Q 10. An aggregation level is set using a set of characteristics and key figures from the underlying InfoProvider. In the simplest case. In other words. Multiproviders . see Simple Aggregation Level.
This can result in significant reduction in overheads once individual data providers are enabled. DSO D. BW Statistics queries can be runtime queries. Virtual Providers C. One can select the objects to be inserted for collection. You have the following options: ● Proposals from queries: The system considers the queries that are created for an InfoCube. After BW authorizations are complete. aggregative data. In Data Ware housing what are the nine decision points? Ans: The nine Decision Points of Data Warehousing are: 1. the BW user role "SAP_BW_TCONT". BW statistics can be enabled in SAP business warehouse using the menu path AWB >> Tool >> BW Statistics. as part of the interview question.B. The Business content section of the AWB contains the settings for BW statistics. Identify Attributes of entities. B You can choose Proposals in the menu if you want the system to propose aggregates. ● Proposals from BI Statistics (InfoCube): The system considers the data that is contained in the BI Statistics InfoCube. Propose from BI Statistics C.e. or how quickly data in loaded into BW and so on. What is BW Statistics and how is it used? Ans: The set of info cubes delivered by SAP as a part of SAP BIW which are useful in measuring the performance of how quickly a query is calculated. ● Proposals from BI Statistics (tables): The system considers BI statistical data (database tables).queries related to infocubes. Propose from Query B. the candidate can also discuss how BW statistics can be installed. Propose from DSO Answer: A. Aggregates can be automatically proprosed by the BI system. 2. BW statistics are the name suggest are useful in showing data about the costs associated with BW queries. InfoCubes & DSO Answer: D Aggregates can be created only for InfoCubes. Which of the following options are available? (More than one answer is correct) A. You can create multiple aggregates against the same infocube. use of infocubes etc. After selecting the objects. To take an example. the BW user must install the technical content i. . OLAP. 1. ● Proposals from the previous navigation: The system evaluates the last navigational step that you carried out with a query. SAP business warehouse management. Identify Dimension Tables. Q 12. mean time per query. the last step is to install the infopackage groups for master data and transaction data. InfoCubes E. 2. Finally.
it can make them as info provided for example make 0CUSTOMER as info provided and do Bex reporting on CUSTOMER. Uses Numeric as indexes for faster access. it can be used this to define global data and global checks. 8. 3. Define attributes of entities. 3. How long data will be kept. Pre Calculated Key figures. 7. Setup V3 update. 5. Language support. Setup historical material documents in R/3. Load deltas using 2LIS_03_BF. Slowly changing dimension support. Extras > Select archival. Initialize opening balance in R/3 (S278). the size of the dimension will be 20000. 6. 4. . For info object what is the transfer routine? Ans: The transfer routine is like a start routine. this is independent of the data source and valid for all the transfer routines. 2. if it was made individual dimensions then the total number of rows will be 300. Master Data independent of info cubes. 9. What steps are involved to upload non cumulative cubes? Ans: The steps that are involved to upload non cumulative cubes are: 1. 7. How the dimensions are optimized? Ans: It system can be used as many as possible for performance. 5.3. What are the advantages of SID table? Ans: The SIC table Surrogate ID table is the interface between master data and the dimension table. 4. Choose fields for selection like 0CALDAY. Define granularity of the fact table. How often data is extracted. etc. 2. 0CUSTOMER. 4. Aggregates. Load opening balance using data source 2LIS_40_s278. for instance it may be assumed that 100 products and 200 customers. 6. Slowly changing dimensions. 2. 8. Even if they are taken more than one characteristic per dimension. and the advantages are: 1. 4. 3. if one dimension for both. 5. the math considering worst case and decide which characteristics may be combined in a dimension. 3. Activate extract structure MC03BF0 for data source 2LIS_03_BF. How can an info object as info provider and why? Ans: When the report on characteristics or master data. right click on the info area and select “Insert Characteristic as data target” 6. Give the Step to Step approach to archiving cubes? Ans: The Step to Step approach to Archiving Cubes is: 1. Double click on the cube or right click and select change. 7. Load historical movements and compress without marker update.
start automatically or after event. Select the folder logical file name. create partition on A. Project Realization 4. How do you measure the size of infocube? 5. Ans. Select the delete options not scheduled. click on the Process Chain Maintenance button and type in the name and description. 9. What are the four ASAP Methodologies? 4. Difference between infocube and ODS? 6.4. 8. one work around is to make a copy of the cube A to cube B.Viji 1. 6. Cube is ready for archival. This depends. the individual info packages are inserted automatically. ODS objects do not aggregate data as infocubes do. or deleting old records as specified by RECORDMODE value. SAP BW Interview Questions What is ODS? It is operational data store.if you have complex coding in update rules it will take longer time.orelse it will take less than 30 mins. It is not based on the star schema and is used primarily for details reporting. What is the procedure to convert an info package group into a process chain? Ans: The procedure to convert an info package group into a process chain is by double clicking on the info package group. and delete cube B. rather than for dimensional analysis. How much time does it take to extract 1 million of records from an infocube? 2. export data from A to B using export data source. 5.Kiran 1. Define the file structure maximum file size and maximum number of data objects. Ans: Project plan. Ans: In no of records . Difference between display attributes and navigational attributes? *-. How much does it take to load (before question extract) 1 million of records to an infocube? 3. empty cube A. *-. Data are loaded into an IDS object by inserting new records. Activate the cube. Gap Analysis. updating existing records. Requirements gathering. How can a cube partitioned for which the data already exists? Ans: The cube cannot be partitioned if the data already exists the cube must be empty to do this. re-import data from B. 7. 10. 3. ODS is a BW Architectural component that appears between PSA ( Persistant Staging Area ) and infocubes and that allows Bex ( Business Explorer ) reporting.
Data flows from transactional system to analytical system(BW). Q3.Virtual(remote. Ans: Display attribute is one which is used only for display purpose in the report. Ans: Infocube is structured as star schema(extended) where in a fact table is surrounded by different dim table which connects to sids. IF THERE ARE 2 DATASOURCES HOW MANY TRANSFER STRUCTURES ARE THERE.SBiw1.We don't need to maintain Nav attribute in the cube as a characteristic(that is the advantage) to drill down. Q5. DS on the transactional system needs to be replicated on BW side and attached to infosource and update rules respectively. CURRENCY CONVERSIONS CAN BE WRITTEN IN UPDATE RULES. It holds granular data.Where as navigational attribute is used for drilling down in the report. DIFFERENT TYPES OF INFOCUBES. Q2. 2 in R/3 and 2 in BW . For example. HOW TO CORRECT IT? Ans: But how is it possible?. Q8. Basic. ODS is a flat structure(flat table) with no star schema concept and which will have granular data(detailed level).If you load it manually twice. then you can delete it by request. INFOSET QUERY.sbiw2 for delta update in LIS THEN WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE IN LO-COCKPIT? No lis in lo cockpit. CAN U ADD A NEW FIELD AT THE ODS LEVEL? Sure you can. WHAT IS PROCEDURE TO UPDATE DATA INTO DATA TARGETS? Full and delta.WHAT IS DATA SIZE? The volume of data one data target holds(in no. CAN NUMBER OF DATASOURCE HAS ONE INFOSOURCE? Yes of course. SIGNIFICANCE OF ODS. Q4. In R/3 or in BW. Can be made of ODSs and objects Q13. ODS is nothing but a table. AS WE USE Sbwnn. you will have aggregated data in the cubes. WHERE THE PSA DATA IS STORED? In PSA table.We will have data sources and can be maintained(append fields). SOME DATA IS UPLOADED TWICE INTO INFOCUBE. 6. WHY NOT IN TRANSFER RULES? Q6. BRIEF THE DATAFLOW IN BW. Q10. for loading text and hierarchies we use different data sources but the same infosource. And the data wise. Q1.5.Refer white paper on LO-Cokpit extractions.of records) Q11.sap remote and multi) Q12. Q9. Q7.
Profile generator Q27. REPORTING AND RESTRICTIONS.1 AND 3. WHAT ARE INDEXES? Indexes are data base indexes. ST*.Number ranges. Nope Q21.Multicube works on Union condition . PROCEDURES OF REPORTING ON MULTICUBES. HOW MANY LEVELS YOU CAN GO IN REPORTING? You can drill down to any level you want using Nav attributes and jump targets Q18. What are you expecting?? Q28.update routines and start routine Q15. TOOLS USED FOR PERFORMANCE TUNING.Q14.INFOOBJECT CAN BE INFOPROVIDER. AUTHORIZATIONS. PROCESS CHAINS: IF U ARE USED USING IT THEN HOW WILL U SCHEDULING DATA DAILY. CAN CHARECTERSTIC CAN BE INFOPROVIDER .What are you expecting??.delete indexes before load . There should be some tool to run the job daily(SM37 jobs) Q26. ROUTINES? Exist In the info object.you can create structures.etc Q25. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN 2. WEB REPORTING. Help!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Refer documentation Q24. Refer help.transfer routines. WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF KPI'S? KPI’s indicate the performance of a company. BRIEF SOME STRUCTURES USED IN BEX.. WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT VARIABLES USED IN BEX? Variable with default entry Replacement path SAP exit Customer exit Authorization Q17. IS IT NESSESARY TO INITIALIZE EACH TIME THE DELTA UPDATE IS USED. AFTER THE DATA EXTRACTION WHAT IS THE IMAGE POSITION.X VERSIONS. After image(correct me if I am wrong) Q23. Rows and Columns. Of course Q29.These are key figures Q22. Help!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Refer documentation Q20.which help in retrieving data fastly. Q19. Q16.
5. On the Menu Bar. On the left most you can see a check box 14. Double Click on the Job. EXPLAIN TRANPORTATION OF OBJECTS? Dev ---> Q and Dev ---> P 1) What is process chain? How many types are there? How many we use in real time scenario? Can we define interdependent processes with tasks like data loading. Click on that option. 1. tuning can only be done for infocube partitions and creating aggregates or any other? 8) What is mean by multiprovider and what purpose we use multiprovider? 9) What is scheduled and monitored data loads and for what purpose? Ans # 1: Process chains exists in Admin Work Bench. You can see "Process" 16.Q30. Is a procedure either with in the SAP or external to it with a start and end. In the Pop-up screen. You can see different Application Servers. You will navigate to a screen 6. This process runs in the background. Open a new SM37 (/OSM37) command 10.Before defining PROCESS CHAIN. PROCESS CHAIN is set of such processes that are linked together in a chain. In the Click on "Application Servers" button 11. 4. 11. Using these we can automate ETTL processes. index maintenance. cube compression. 2. This is normally done in order to automate a job or task that has to execute more than one process in order to complete the job or task. Select the request ID (it will be in Header Tab) of PC 3. In that Click "Job Details" button 7. "Check" the check Box 15. Go to SM37 of Source System. In other words each process is dependent on the previous process and dependencies are clearly defined in the process chain. master data & ods activation in the best possible performance & data integrity. and Double Click (Point 8 (a)) 12. Ans # 2: Data Integrity is about eliminating duplicate entries in the database and achieve normalization. . 2) What is data integrityand how can we achieve this? 3) What is index maintenance and what is the purpose to use this in real time? 4) When and why use infocube compression in real time? 5) What is mean by data modelling and what will the consultant do in data modelling? 6) How can enhance business content and what for purpose we enhance business content (becausing we can activate business content) 7) What is fine-tuning and how many types are there and what for purpose we done tuning in real time. A small Pop-up Window comes 8. Check the Source System for that particular PC.. PROCESS CHAIN . Goto Executing server. let us define PROCESS in any given process chain. take a note of a) Executing Server b) WP Number/PID 9. These allows BW guys to schedule all activities and monitor (T Code: RSPC). In the "process" you have the Option "Cancel with Core" 17. Goto PID (Point 8 (b)) 13.
.. like you can combine 4-5 infocubes or 2-3 infocubes and 2-3 ODS or IC.. eg: you have a customer infocube(In BC) but your company uses a attribute for say... and after you collect all these you need to decide which one you ill be using. similarly the storing of data by creating indexes is called indexing. the power users... You are safe as long as you don't have any error in modeling.. Ans#6 We can enhance the Business Content bby adding fields to it.. fine tuning=lowering time(for everything possible).Ans # 4: InfoCube compression creates new cube by eliminating duplicates... for eg: compression... Since BC is delivered by SAP Inc it may not contain all the infoobjects...Tuning is done the increase efficiency.. you can't alter the InfoCube..sap...apt number.. Ans#9 Scheduled data load means you have scheduled the loading of data for some particular date and time you can do it in scheduler tab if infoobject. you can refer to help... lowering time for accessing a query...... then instead of constructing the whole infocube you can add the above field to the existing BC infocube and get going. that means lowering time for loading data in cube. This process of collection is done by interviewing the end users. Ans#5 Datamodeling is a process where you collect the facts.the attributes associated to facts. etc. and monitored means you are monitoring that particular data load or some other loads by using transaction RSMON... Once you compress. Project Manager or sometimes a Sr. navigation atributes etc. ODS and Master data.. etc. Consultant (4-5 yrs of exp) So if you are new you dont have to worry about it. Ans#3 Indexing is a process where the data is stored by indexing it... This compression can be done through Process Chain and also manually.. Eg: A phone book.. Here the catch is . Ans#8 Multiprovider can combine various infoproviders for reporting purposes.. infocubes etc that you want to use according to your company's data model.com for more info.. .. it is generally done by the Team Lead.But do remember that it is a imp aspect of any datawarehousing soln.... lowering time for doing a drill down etc. Ans#7 Tuning is the most imp process in BW. The phone book process is indexing.. When we write somebodys number we write it as Prasads number would be in "P" and Rajesh's number would be in "R". the share holders etc... so make sure that you have read datamodeling before attending any interview or even starting to work. Compressed infocubes require less storage space and are faster for retrieval of information.tuning can be done by many things not only by partitions and aggregates there are various things you can do.
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