Ancient Egypt and the Near East

---DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST BOOKLET--MATCHING--- Match the terms on the left with the definitions on the right and place your answer on the sheet provided. (2 points each) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Topography Vizier Embalm Artisan Kandake A. A craftsperson B. A powerful female leader who co-ruled Kush with her husband and sons C. To treat a dead body to prevent it from decaying D. A high-ranking government official E. Surface features of a place or region, such as mountains or deserts

TRUE AND FALSE---A for true, B for false (2 points each) 6. The three important environmental features that affected where people would settle were water, topography, and climate. 7. The Nile River flowed from south to north. 8. The Sea of Galilee, Jordan River, and Nile River were all fresh water sources. 9. Only men could be priests in Egyptian society. 10. Women in Egypt enjoyed more rights than most women in the ancient world. 11. Government officials included the vizier, the chief treasurer, and the general of the armies. 12. Parchment was the form of paper used by scribes to write on. . 13. Kush was also known as Nubia, which comes from nub, the Egyptian word for gold. 14. The Assyrians were able to drive Kushites out of Egypt because they had superior military technology. 15. In Kush, there were female leaders, known as kandakes, who ruled with great power.

Kushites adopted Egyptian ways of life. B. C. The desert offered protection from invaders. Egyptians chose to worship Kush gods. . B. Children never look at their teachers. D. (2 points each) 16. C. They believed people needed their bodies in the afterlife. C. What was one result of Egypt conquering Kush during the New Kingdom? A. The desert had good land for growing crops. They believed people needed to preserve their bodies after death. C. It did not have a strong current. If you were a peasant and wanted to raise your status. Kush civilization disappeared completely. B. Children never sit still during school. How was the Jordan River different from the Nile River? A. 18. It did not flood regularly. Marry an official Work for the rich Take care of a temple Become a scribe 19. D. C. 20. D. They believed only whole bodies could enter heaven. 17. Children listen only if they're beaten." What did he mean when he spoke those words? A. Children learn only by listening. B. C. They hoped to bring people back to life in the future. B. 21. How did ancient Egyptian settlements benefit from being surrounded by desert? A.MULTIPLE CHOICE--. B. An ancient Egyptian schoolteacher once said. The desert made trade and travel easy because it was flat. Egyptian civilization became very powerful. It was salt water. D. The desert had special plants that could be used to make medicine. what one route might be open to you? A. Why did Egyptian priests embalm human bodies? A. It was home to many fish. "A youngster's ear is on his back. D. D.Choose the best answer and fill in the corresponding letter on the sheet provided.

B. they were probably working during what season? A. producing iron advanced farming complex weaving making urns 24. What can you conclude about Kush based on its location? A. B. D. Flooding Season Planting Season Harvesting Season Monsoon Season . If peasants were working from sun up to sun down in the field. What was Kush's capital city. Meroe. C. It had a kandake as its leader. known for? A. C. It was a center for the arts. It was a trading center. B. D. 23.22. D. C. It had a large population.

government officials did not. to your south is another sea. both civilizations helped each other B. Unstable. Kush B. The relationship between Kush and Egypt can best be described as… A. They created irrigation systems D. Peasant B. Artisan. Egpyt D. beginning from the top and going down was… A. Pharaoh. Government Officials. peasants believed only in the afterlife.25. Priest. D. Artisan. Lebanon 29. Government officials believed in important burial rites. Most artisans were women C. How did the farmers fertilize their field in ancient Egypt? A. Artisan. Scribe. Pharaoh. Women could be the head of government households. They were considered part of the upper class because of their skill. D. Friendly. they were sometimes friends and sometimes enemies. They specialized in any one of a number of crafts. 28. Government officials enjoyed banquets for fun while peasants held festivals. Unfriendly. Peasant D. Canaan C. Government Officials. They were often recognized for their work on royal tombs and temples. 27. Scribe. Scribe. Priest. and you are standing on a river. Peasant C. Priest Scribe. Peasants emphasized a love for family life. Priest. Pharaoh. To your north is a small sea. What was a key difference between government officials and peasants? A. Surrounding you is desert. D. B. Government Officials. Which of the following is true about artisans? A. They used manure from animals C. Unstable. Artisan. They waited for the Nile to flood B. 26. They planted fertilizer during the planting season 30. The order of Egypt’s social structure. C. Government Officials. but not peasant households B. Peasant . both civilizations were attacked by the Assyrians C. Pharaoh. they never cooperated. You are in what region? A.

. “All empires are destined to fail”.31. What social group is seen in the picture? How do you know? Provide THREE pieces of evidence in your response. Is this statement true? EXPLAIN why/or why not using TWO examples from class. 32.