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p=16873699&postcount=676 The Catcher in the Rye is set around the 1950s and is narrated by a young man na med Holden Caulfield. Holden is not specific about his location while he s telling the story, but he makes it clear that he is undergoing treatment in a mental ho spital or sanatorium. The events he narrates take place in the few days between the end of the fall school term and Christmas, when Holden is sixteen years old. Holden s story begins on the Saturday following the end of classes at the Pencey p rep school in Agerstown, Pennsylvania. Pencey is Holden s fourth school; he has al ready failed out of three others. At Pencey, he has failed four out of five of h is classes and has received notice that he is being expelled, but he is not sche duled to return home to Manhattan until Wednesday. He visits his elderly history teacher, Spencer, to say goodbye, but when Spencer tries to reprimand him for h is poor academic performance, Holden becomes annoyed. Back in the dormitory, Holden is further irritated by his unhygienic neighbor, A ckley, and by his own roommate, Stradlater. Stradlater spends the evening on a d ate with Jane Gallagher, a girl whom Holden used to date and whom he still admir es. During the course of the evening, Holden grows increasingly nervous about St radlater s taking Jane out, and when Stradlater returns, Holden questions him insi stently about whether he tried to have sex with her. Stradlater teases Holden, w ho flies into a rage and attacks Stradlater. Stradlater pins Holden down and blo odies his nose. Holden decides that he s had enough of Pencey and will go to Manha ttan three days early, stay in a hotel, and not tell his parents that he is back . On the train to New York, Holden meets the mother of one of his fellow Pencey st udents. Though he thinks this student is a complete bastard, he tells the woman ma de-up stories about how shy her son is and how well respected he is at school. W hen he arrives at Penn Station, he goes into a phone booth and considers calling several people, but for various reasons he decides against it. He gets in a cab and asks the cab driver where the ducks in Central Park go when the lagoon free zes, but his question annoys the driver. Holden has the cab driver take him to t he Edmont Hotel, where he checks himself in. From his room at the Edmont, Holden can see into the rooms of some of the guests in the opposite wing. He observes a man putting on silk stockings, high heels, a bra, a corset, and an evening gown. He also sees a man and a woman in another room taking turns spitting mouthfuls of their drinks into each other s faces and l aughing hysterically. He interprets the couple s behavior as a form of sexual play and is both upset and aroused by it. After smoking a couple of cigarettes, he c alls Faith Cavendish, a woman he has never met but whose number he got from an a cquaintance at Princeton. Holden thinks he remembers hearing that she used to be a stripper, and he believes he can persuade her to have sex with him. He calls her, and though she is at first annoyed to be called at such a late hour by a co mplete stranger, she eventually suggests that they meet the next day. Holden doe sn t want to wait that long and winds up hanging up without arranging a meeting. Holden goes downstairs to the Lavender Room and sits at a table, but the waiter realizes he s a minor and refuses to serve him. He flirts with three women in thei r thirties, who seem like they re from out of town and are mostly interested in ca tching a glimpse of a celebrity. Nevertheless, Holden dances with them and feels that he is half in love with the blonde one after seeing how well she dances. Aft er making some wisecracks about his age, they leave, letting him pay their entir e tab. As Holden goes out to the lobby, he starts to think about Jane Gallagher and, in a flashback, recounts how he got to know her. They met while spending a summer
and by the time he does. but her mother answers the phone. He claims that he recently unde rwent a spinal operation and isn t sufficiently recovered to have sex with her. and Holden is annoyed that Sally talks with a b oy she knows from Andover afterward. At Whooton. he asks the cab driver where the ducks in Central Park go in the winter . and the girl tells him that Pho ebe might be in the Museum of Natural History. but there is no answer. Then he goes to the lagoon in Central Park. leaves. Luce arranges to meet him for a drink after dinner. but she wouldn t let him kiss her on the mouth. She sits on his lap and talks dirty to him. Though he knows that Phoebe s class wouldn t be at the museum on a Sunday. Holden sits alone a t a table in Ernie s and observes the other patrons with distaste. he goes there anyway. Sunny returns wit h Maurice. Maurice. He then decides to sneak into his own apartment building and wake his sister. Luce had spoken frankly with some of the boys about sex. identifying herself as Sunny. he calls her a pain in the ass and laughs at her when she reacts angrily. Holden and Sally go to the play. Holden telephones Sally Hayes and babbles about their Christmas Eve plans.vacation in Maine. arrives at his door. but h e insists on paying her five dollars and showing her the door. Maurice punches him in the stomach and leaves him on the floor. the elevator operator at the Edmont. They both skate poorly and decide to get a table instead. He runs into Li llian Simmons. Holden t ries to explain to Sally why he is unhappy at school. and he hangs up. and held hands at the movies. Again. Phoebe. during a game of checkers. offers to send a prostitute to Hol den s room for five dollars. and he makes an excuse to leave early. It takes him a long time to find it. while Sunny takes five dollars from his wallet. He gives the nuns ten dollars. where he used to watch the d ucks as a child. He calls Carl Luce. He tries to telephone Ja ne Gallagher. a young man who had been Holden s student advisor at the Whooton School and who is now a stud ent at Columbia University. who invites him to s it with her and her date. He wakes up at ten o clock on Sunday and calls Sally Hayes. an attractive girl who m he has dated in the past. She pulls off her dress. but Holden starts to feel peculiar and tries to make conversation with her. Luce grows irritated by Holden s juvenile remarks about homosexuals an d about Luce s Chinese girlfriend. That was the closest they came to necking. A young woman. and walks back to the Edmont. Holden goes to bed. Holden and Luce meet at t he Wicker Bar in the Seton Hotel. and Holden agrees. played golf and checkers. and Holden tries to draw him into a conversation about it once more. Holden calls Jane again. h e is freezing cold. He he lps one of Phoebe s schoolmates tighten her skate. and when he left Jane began to cry. but she isn t there. She refuses to listen to his apologies and leaves. but when he gets the re he decides not to go in and instead takes a cab to the Biltmore Hotel to meet Sally. Phoebe. When she refu ses. He eats breakfast at a sandwich bar. who demands another five dollars from Holden. one of his older brother s former girlfriends. Holden had moved to sit bes ide her and kissed her all over her face. and Holden goes to a movie at Radio City to kill time. He is forced to admit to Phoebe that he was kicked out . They arrange to meet for a matinee showing of a Broa dway play. they go to Radio City to ice skate. Holden c ontinues to drink Scotch and listen to the pianist and singer. Holden leaves the Edmont and takes a cab to Ernie s jazz club in Greenwich Village . where he converses with two nuns about Romeo and Juliet. Quite drunk. Holden says he has to meet someone. At Sally s suggestion. her stepfather came onto the porch where th ey were playing. and this cabbie is even more irritable than the first one. bu t he offers to pay her anyway. When Holden refuses to pay. and actually urges her to run away with him to Massachusetts or Vermont and live in a cabin. He takes a cab to Central Park to look for his younger sister. One a fternoon.
Antolini asks Holden about his expulsion and tries to counsel him about his future. we begin to perceive that Holden s alienation is his way of protecting himself. which makes her mad at him. While it is appropriate to discuss the novel in such terms. When he tries to explain why he hates sc hool. and his cy nical sense of superiority serves as a type of self-protection. but his ne ed for isolation causes him to insult her and drive her away. Fo r example. and she cries and then refuses to speak to him . a person who catches little children as they are about to fall off of a cliff. Antolini p uts him to bed on the couch. It starts to rain heavily. He depends upon his alienation . not catch a body. He buys her a ticket and watches her ride it. Holden Caulfield is an unusual protagonist for a bildun . and then takes her across th e park to a carousel. Ali enation is both the source of Holden s strength and the source of his problems. below) to ad vertise his uniqueness. As the novel progresses. He refuses angrily. but he is too f rightened to make any real effort to contact her. Thus. he walks to the zoo. Antolini is making a homosexual overture.of school. Holden ends his narrative here. sleeping for a few hours on a bench at Grand Cent ral Station. Holden calls his former English teacher. As readers. Knowing she will follow him. Holden seems to be excluded from and victimized by the wor ld around him. and Mr. Thinking that Mr. Spencer. nor does he attempt to discover th e source of his troubles. The Painfulness of Growing Up According to most analyses. Holden awakens to find Mr. As he says to Mr. Phoebe tells him that he has misremembered the poem that he took the image from: Robert Burns s poem says if a body meet a body. she accuses him of not liking anything. his loneliness propels him into his date with Sally Hayes. Holden hasti ly excuses himself and leaves. He never addresses his own emotions directly. and she asks Holden to take her with him. he uses his isolation as proof that he is better than ev eryone else around him and therefore above interacting with them. Similarly. he long s for the meaningful connection he once had with Jane Gallagher. a novel a bout a young character s growth into maturity. Antolini stroking his fo rehead. He plans to go to a new school in the fall and is cautiously optimistic about his future. The Catcher in the Rye is a bildungsroman. Holden goes to Phoebe s school and sends her a note saying that he is leaving home for good and that she should meet him at lunchtime at the museum. who tells Holden he can c ome to his apartment. He tells her his fantasy of being t he catcher in the rye. He desperately needs human contact and love. Mr. telling the reader that he is not going to tell the story of how he went home and got sick. Mr. we can see that Holden s alienation is the cause of most of his pain. Antolini. but his p rotective wall of bitterness prevents him from looking for such interaction. but it destroys him. Holden s ali enation is the source of what little stability he has in his life. Just as he wears his hunting hat (see Symbols. he feels trapped on the other side of li fe. When Phoebe a rrives. she is carrying a suitcase full of clothes. Holden can t hide his sleepiness. === Alienation as a Form of Self-Protection Throughout the novel. coming throug h the rye. but Holden is so happy watching his sister ride the carousel that he is close to tears. and he continually attempts to find his way in a world in which he feels he doesn t belong. The truth is t hat interactions with other people usually confuse and overwhelm him.
when he talks about s ex and admits that [s]ex is something I just don t understand. He can b e a highly insightful narrator. adulthood. It is his catch-all for describing the superf iciality. Yet. but that simply isn t the case. like Maurice and Su nny. expressing it only in a few instances for example. But although Holden expends so much energy searching for phoniness in others. But he refuses to acknowledge t his fear. Maurice and Sunny. Although he d like to bel ieve that the world is a simple place. His created understandings of childhood and adulth ood allow Holden to cut himself off from the world by covering himself with a pr otective armor of cynicism. contrasts. a more concrete manifestation of his alienation problem. Phoniness. while his behavior indicates his loneliness. His dece ptions are generally pointless and cruel and he notes that he is a compulsive li ar. Morrow. Holden consistently shies away from introspection and thus doesn t really know why he keeps behaving as he does. Motifs Motifs are recurring structures. Some characters. Though oversimplified. As his thoughts about the Museum of Natural History demonstrate. The Phoniness of the Adult World Phoniness. Most of the novel describes his almost manic quest for companionship as he flits from one meaningless encounter to another. and that virtue and innocence rest on one side of the fence while superficiality and phoniness rest on the other. what s worse. Instead of acknowledging that adulthood scares and mystifies him. In Chapter 22. Holden s observations are not entirely inaccurate. Holden fears chan ge and is overwhelmed by complexity. just before he reveals his fantasy of the catcher in the rye. i s one of Holden s favorite concepts. For example. he never directly observes his own phoniness. He wants everything to be easily understand able and eternally fixed. he perpetrates a mean-spirited and ne edless prank on Mrs. Loneliness Holden s loneliness. while childhood is a world of innocence. He is frightened because he is guilty of the sins he criticizes in others. part icularly his encounters with Mr. is a driving force throughout the book. and honesty. for Holden. Throughout the novel he encounters many characters who do seem affected. Holden explains that adults are inevitably phonies. hypocrisy. and literary devices that can help t o develop and inform the text s major themes. Holden invents a fantasy that adulthood is a world of superficiality and hypocrisy ( phoniness ). Holden is his own counterevidence. for the children of this world. and. pretentious.gsroman because his central goal is to resist the process of maturity itself. He d like us to believe that he is a paragon of virtu e in a world of phoniness. pretension. Antolini and Phoebe. even he cannot adhere to the same black-and-white standards with which he judg es other people. The world is not as simple as he d like and needs it to be . which is probably the most famous phrase from The Catcher in the Rye. Holden s experiences. Nothing reveals his image of these two worlds better than his fantasy about the catcher in the rye: he imagines childhood as an idyllic field of rye in which children romp and play. I swear to God I don t (Chapter 9). t hey can t see their own phoniness. stands as an emblem of e verything that s wrong in the world around him and provides an excuse for him to w ithdraw into his cynical isolation. curiosity. like the statues of Eskimos and Indians in the museum. Because Holden depends on his isolation to preserve his detachment from the wor . are genuinely harmful. reveal the shallowness of his conceptions. Carl Luce. and even Mr. Spencer stand out as examples. on the train to New York. and because he can t understand everything around him. and shallowness that he encounters in the world around him. is equivalent to death a fatal f all over the edge of a cliff. or superficial Sally Hayes. and he is very aware of superficial behavior in those around him. But as the book progresses.
As he wa tches Phoebe sleep. and Phoebe reveals how diffe rent her childhood is from Holden s romanticized notion. For example. Holden s definition of phoniness relies mostly on a kind of sel f-deception: he seems to reserve the most scorn for people who think that they a re something they are not or who refuse to acknowledge their own weaknesses. and sexuality are also recurring motifs relating to the larger theme of alienation. It is highly ironic that the word meet refers to a n encounter that leads to recreational sex. The song Comin Thro the Rye asks if it is wrong for two people to have a romantic en counter out in the fields. Holden has trouble dealing with this kind of complexity. of a catcher in the rye. Although he encounters opportu nities for both physical and emotional intimacy. a type of deception that indicates insensitivity. Symbols Symbols are objects. includ . Lying and Deception Lying and deception are the most obvious and hurtful elements of the larger cate gory of phoniness. intimacy. But lying to others is also a kind of phoniness. Hold en likes the world to be silent and frozen. he replies with his image. Holden himself is guilt y of both these crimes. figures. from the song. and potential fo r conflict and change. callousness. and Sexuality Relationships. away from the public eye. full of children romping and playing. As a re sult. Through his lying and deception. because the word that Holden substit utes catch takes on the exact opposite meaning in his mind. Loneliness is the emotional manifestation of the aliena tion Holden experiences. this symbol merits close inspection. Because people are unpred ictable. predictable and unchanging. when Phoebe asks Holden what he wants to do with his life. Both physical and emotional relationships offer Hol den opportunity to break out of his isolated shell. unpredictability. Holden imagines a field of rye perched high on a cliff. Ho lden desperately continues searching for new relationships. and colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts. seemingly stemming fr om Allie s death. Ho lden proves that he is just as guilty of phoniness as the people he criticizes. As Phoebe points out. people talk back. The Catcher in the Rye As the source of the book s title. But in real-world relationships.ld and to maintain a level of self-protection. In Chapte r 22. he often sabotages his own attemp ts to end his loneliness. but the actual lyric is If a body meet a body. They also represent what he fears most about the adult world: complexity. always undoing himse lf only at the last moment. Holden has misheard the lyric. His calls to Jane Gallagher are aborted for a similar reason: to protect his precious and fragile sense of individuality. he has isolated himself and fears intimacy. Holden projects his own idealizations of childhood onto her. For intricate and unspoken reasons. characters. coming through the rye. they challenge Holden and force him to question his senses of self-conf idence and self-worth. Relationships. or even cruelty. his conversation with Carl Luce and his d ate with Sally Hayes are made unbearable by his rude behavior. As he demonstrates at the Museum of Natural History. Holden wants to catch chil dren before they fall out of innocence into knowledge of the adult world. Intimacy. Even so. even if they don t plan to ha ve a commitment to one another. His random and repeated lying highlights his own self-de ception he refuses to acknowledge his own shortcomings and is unwilling to conside r how his behavior affects those around him. when a kid Holden admires for walking in the street rather than on the sidewalk is singing the Robert Burns song Comin Thro the Rye. Of course. it is both a source of great pain and a source of his s ecurity. He says he would like to protect the children from falling off the edge of the cliff by catching t hem if they were on the verge of tumbling over. It first a ppears in Chapter 16. he bungles them all. He thinks the line is If a body catch a body comin through th e rye. wrapping h imself in a psychological armor of critical cynicism and bitterness.
Life is a game that one plays according to the rules . We see his silent contempt for a . all right I ll admit that. I know it is.ing knowledge of sex. because it is partly frozen and pa rtly not frozen. and infinite. But if you get on the other side. because Holden clearly lacks such willingness in other aspects of his life. In addition. Finally. where ther e aren t any hot-shots. Traumatized and made acutely aware of the fragility of life by h is brother Allie s death. the pond itself becomes a m inor metaphor for the world as Holden sees it. Their mysterious persever ance in the face of an inhospitable environment resonates with Holden s understand ing of his own situation. m ore youthful side to his character. red. he is confused by Allie s senseless death. He also mentions that he is troubled by the fact that he has changed every time he returns to them. at this point. Holden is terrified by the idea of change and disappeara nce. His former teacher is needling him about his failures at Pencey. and it shows that Holden desires to be different from everyone around him. Perhaps Holden associates it with the innocence and purity he believes these characters represent and wears it as a way to connect to them. Life is a game. Yes. Holden is terrified by the unpredictable challenges of t he world he hates conflict. but cyclical. my ass. It is a memorable moment. The conversation succinct ly illuminates key aspects of Holden s character. therefore. where everything is simple. Holden s Red Hunting Hat The red hunting hat is one of the most recognizable symbols from twentieth-centu ry American literature. The ducks and their pond are symbolic in several ways. The Ducks in the Central Park Lagoon Holden s curiosity about where the ducks go during the winter reveals a genuine. No game. Some game. mirrors the central conflict in the bo ok: Holden s need for isolation versus his need for companionship. The ducks vanish every winter. thus symbolizi ng change that isn t permanent. with good re ason: it is a symbol of his uniqueness and individuality. It is worth noting that the hat s color. The hat is outlandish. boy. unders tandable. he is very self-conscious about the hat he always mentions when he i s wearing it. and he fears interaction with other people. Explanation for Quotation 1 >> This quotation is from Holden s conversation with Spencer in Chapter 2. The pond is in transition between two states. but his search for the ducks represents the curiosity of youth and a joyful willingness to encounter the mysteries of the w orld. and he often doesn t wear it if he is going to be around people he k nows. If you get on the side where all the hot-shots are. == 1. just as Holden is in transition between childhood and adulthood. At t he same time. He never e xplicitly comments on the hat s significance other than to mention its unusual app earance. but they return every spring. he sounds like a grump y old man who is angry at the world. It is inseparable from our image of Holden. Game. a world where nothing ever changes. The museum represent s the world Holden wishes he could live in: it s the world of his catcher in the ry e fantasy. For most of the book. The Museum of Natural History Holden tells us the symbolic meaning of the museum s displays: they appeal to him because they are frozen and unchanging. the n it s a game. then what s a game about it? Nothing. is the same as that of Allie s and Pho ebe s hair. he lecture s Holden about the importance of playing by the rules. I know it. The presence of the hat. the ducks prove that some vanishings are only temporary. sir.
. I took it off and looked at it. Holden ne vertheless does shoot people in his own way: when he is in this cynical frame of m ind. When he actually gets to the m useum. but it remains a symbol of his scorn for convention. I shoot people in this hat. Of all the places in the novel where Holden discusses his hat. It is significant that in the final sentence Holden uses the second-person prono un you instead of the first-person me. Like hell it is. he remembers in detail his school trips to the museum. I h ave to catch everybody if they start to go over the cliff I mean if they re running and they don t look where they re going I have to come out from somewhere and catch . in which Holden explains why he loves the Museum of Natural Histor y. manageable vision of life that Holden wishes he could live. Explanation for Quotation 2 >> This brief passage occurs in Chapter 3. given his circumstances: he s clearly a bright boy from a privileged New York family. I sort of closed one eye. . we learn that Holden has built a c ynical psychological armor around himself to protect himself from the complexiti es of the world. The museum presents him with a vision of life he can understand: it is frozen. . [Ackley] took another look at my hat . for Chrissake. I said. . he expends all of his mental energy denigrating the people around him. It troubles him that he has changed each time he returns. . We also see how alienated he feels. They represent the simple. Holden s sense of disadvantage and corresponding bitterness seem somewhat strange. idealistic. What I have to do. Killing time before his date with Sally. He wants life to remai n frozen like the display cases in the museum. Holden will not really shoot pe ople in this hat. he retreats to a fantasy world of his own making. however. and always the same. Nobody d be different. Holden has already demons trated that he fears and does not know how to deal with conflict. to the bittern ess he has for the rest of the world. He d esires independence because he feels that the world is an inhospitable. while the museum s displays remain compl etely the same. Close 3. . we see how deeply his d esire for independence is connected to his feeling of alienation. compliant veneer. Up home we wear a hat like tha t to shoot deer in. like I was taking aim at it. in that museum was that everything always stayed right where it was. Here. As the book progresses. though. The only thing that would be different would be you. ugly pla ce that. he said. It is obvious from the start that Holden uses th e hat as a mark of individuality and independence. The best thing. silent. after Holden has returned to his dorm ro om and is being pestered by Ackley. Holden dec ides to walk from Central Park to the Museum of Natural History. the most famous and recognizable symbol in the book. this is probably the most enlightening. Of course. That s a deer shooting hat. and change. Close 2. . This is a people shooting hat. Holden can think about and judge the Eskimo in the display case. . as though the world is against him. Along the way.dults. Close 4. he decides not to go in. is located in Chapter 16. confusion. It seems to be an attempt to distance himself from the inevitable process of change. but the Eskimo will never judge him back. At this point in the novel. which is evidenced by the silent ridiculing and cursing of Spencer that H olden hides beneath his nodding. and he feel s alone and victimized. He clearly identifies with those on the other side of the game. deserves only contempt. Explanation for Quotation 3 >> This passage. I m standing on the edge of some crazy cliff. that would require disturbing his fragile imagin ative construction by making it encounter the real world. Nobody d move. he feels. But the impossibility of such a fantasy is the tragedy of Holden s situation: rather than face the challenges around him.
a child who is anything but simple and innocent. his assessment is accurate. but Mr. His response makes sense.them. He has a cynical. Holden pictured an idyllic world of childhood innocence from which children would fall into a dangerous world. and then reconcile. That s all I d do all day. Antolini describes Holden in an apathetic free fall giving up. as we have a lready seen. I d just be the catcher in the rye and all. following his conversation with Phoebe. and Phoebe asks Holden what he wants to do with his life. he has trouble seeing the world in any other way. Antolini s image of falling presents a more accur ate image of what awaits Holden on the other side of the cliff. argue. we sense that although Holden envisions himself as the protector rather than t he one to be protected. Close 5. I have a feeling that you re riding for some kind of terrible. were looking for something their own environment couldn t supply them w ith. . his belief in pure. Explanation for Quotation 5 >> The conversation in which Mr. Mr. yet he cannot come up with anything mo re pragmatic. oversimplified view of other people. Antolini is trying to catch Holden in the midst of a fall. . . Mr. . Antolini speaks these words takes place in Chapter 24. Antolini s head-rubbing serve a simi lar purpose: they upset Holden s view of the way things are or the way he believes they ought to be. and he is reaching a point of critical instability. after Holden has slippe d quietly back into his apartment and is speaking with Phoebe. he is the one who really needs to be caught. and a large part of hi s fantasy world is based on the idea that children are simple and innocent while adults are superficial and hypocritical. Holden has isolated himself in an attem pt to be his own savior. the passage in which Holden reveals the source of the book s title. Antolini. They talk. Both the conversation and Mr. given what we already know about Holden: he prefers to retreat into his own imaginary view of the world rather than deal with the complexities of the world around hi m. which reveals his fantasy of idealistic childhoo d and of his role as the protector of innocence. He goes to Mr. some of it stems from the conversa tion they have. . Holden has just left his parents apartment. it represents his extrem e disconnection from reality and his naïve view of the world. Mr. Mr . It occurs in Chapter 22. Antolini s words here resonate with the desires Holden has just expressed to P hoebe: like the catcher in the rye that Holden envisions. disengaging himse lf from the world. and. terrible fal l. Antolini is the event that precipitat es his full-blown breakdown. is perha ps the most famous in the book. While most of Holden s confusion stems from what he interpre ts as a homosexual come-on from Mr. Antolini describes is ve ry different from the one Holden had imagined. It completely unsettles him. at some time or other in th eir lives. H olden responds with this image. . So they gave up looking. Explanation for Quotation 4 >> This. His catcher in t he rye fantasy reflects his innocence. on the other hand. Holden himself realizes this to a degree w hen he acknowledges that his idea is crazy. The whole arrangement s designed for men who. having just burst in to tears when Phoebe lent him her Christmas money. . But Holden s interaction with Mr. In both cases . uncorrupted youth. It thus reveals th e weaknesses of Holden s romantic outlook. and leaves him feeling confused and unsure. Antolini s becau se he feels he can trust and confide in him it seems to be his final chance to sav e himself. falling in a void removed from life around him. Antolin i guesses that Holden feels disconnected from his environment. The fact that he is having this conver sation with Phoebe. But the fall Mr. an d his desire to protect that spirit. reveals the oversimplification of his worldview.
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