MARINE POLLUTION Between 1976 and 1996 a total of 4647 incidents resulted in the spill of approximately 2,369,470

barrels of oil into the environment. In addition, between 1997 and 2001, Nigeria also recorded a total number of 2,097 oil spill incidents. Nigeria's largest spill was an offshore wellblow out in January 1980 when an estimated 200,000 barrels of oil (8.4million US gallons) spilled into the Atlantic Ocean from an oil industry facility and that damaged 340 hectares of mangrove (Nwilo and Badejo, 2005).Oil endangers fish hatcheries in coastal waters and as well contaminates the flesh of commercially valuable fish.In the Nigerian coastal environment a large areas of the mangrove ecosystem have been destroyed.The laws and policies passed by the government to protect the Nigerian marine coast are given in the following sections: 3.1 Oil Pollution Act (OPA) of 1990. 3.2 National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA). 3.3 The Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) 3.4 Petroleum Related Laws and Regulations a. Endangered Species Decree Cap 108 LFN 1990. b. Federal Environmental protection Agency Act Cap 131 LFN 1990. Totally 14 laws have been passed, 6 agencies organized by the government of Nigeria, and 4 non-governmental organanisations are working towards this due to which the rest of the mangrove ecosystem is being preserved. Further marine pollution and oil spill has come down drastically owing to these measures.

(iii) piloted activities and (iv) a shift from µbusiness as usual¶ to investments and planning that incorporate climate change information.POST COPENHAGEN STRATEGY Nigeria. includes (i) awareness raising. . Nigeria would enact appropriate policy. is strongly predisposed to suffer the negative impacts of climate change due to its fragile economy. > Specific agreement for additional contributions by developed countries towards new bilateral and multilateral funds to enhance international investment and financial flows to developing countries for economic diversification. and ensuring adequate financing and funding of adaptation initiatives. (ii) targeted information. A four stage approach for mainstreaming adaptation into development. legal and institutional frameworks. mainstreaming climate change into development planning and processes. In addition. the country may consider setting up a technical committee of experts to support the Special Climate Change Unit (Nigeria¶s focal point for negotiations) to have a critical look at the negotiation. advocated by Huq and Ayers (2008). innovative and transparent accesses to adaptation funds. like many developing nations. taking into account the capacity &peculiarities of developing nations to access them. The country snegotiation efforts with the developed nations should result in the following: > Establishment of a more streamlined. weak resilience and low adaptive capacity.

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