Aegir: Aegir is the Scandinavian God of the sea.

Sacrifices were made to appease him, as Sailors believed that Aegir would drag men and ships down to his undersea hall. Aegir married Ran, the Goddess of storms, and ruler of the realm of the dead. Aegir was known for great banquets where he entertained the other Scandinavian Gods; it was during one of these banquests that Loki killed him. Astrild: a Scandinavian Goddess of love. Balder: (aka Baldr, Baldur) is called the "Good God" in Scandinavian mythology. Baldur is the God of joy, light, beauty, innocence, purity, and reconciliation. His parents are Odin and Frigg. Much loved by the Gods as well as man, Baldur was friendly, wise and eloquent. He was not a very powerful God, but was certainly one of the most loved. His wife is Nanna, and their son is Forseti (Fosite in Teutonic lore), the God of justice. (Nanna's father is the giant and star-hero Ivalde) Saxo Grammaticus wrote of Baldr as a warrior who contested with Hödhr to win Nanna. Warned by several walkyrige, Hödhr gets a magic sword to kill Baldr, as well as an arm-ring to bring him wealth. He meets up with several forest-maidens (the walkyrige) and convinces them to let him to taste the magical food they are preparing for Baldr. This food was the source of Baldr's strength. Now being of equal strength as Baldr, he defeated and mortally wounded him. In Saxo's story, Baldr has a dream where the Goddess Proserpine promises her love to him. Odhinn uses magic and trickery to get a son by Rindr, to get revenge on Hödhr. This son was called Bous, and he killed Hödhr, even though he was but one night old.The legends in the Edda tell us that Loki hated everything that Baldur stood for and plotted his death. During this time, Baldur had a dream, which he confided to his mother, Frigg. Frigg then went around getting oaths from all things that they would not harm her son... all things, except the mistilteinn which was "too young" to give its oath; so no promise was secured from it. Once Frigga had insured her son's life, the rest of the Gods amused themselves by throwing things at Balder. Baldur was killed when Loki directed the hand of Baldur's blind (twin) brother, Hod, (Hödhr, Hother, Hoder) in throwing a mistilteinn dart (fig), which struck him in the heart. Nanna, died of a broken heart. Hod was killed by his and Baldur's half-brother, Vali, who was born to Odin and his mistress, the giant Rand, to avenge Baldur's death. Note: The legends say mistilteinn which was "pulled from the ground", not mistletoe, which is a parasitic plant which grows on trees. Bragi: Bragi Boddason was a Scandinavian poet in the 9th century; but in later centuries, was made a 'God' by other poets. He is called the God of eloquence and poetry, and is the patron God of poets (skalds). Bragi has come to be thought of as a son of Odin and Frigg. He is married to the Scandinavian Goddess of eternal youth, Idun (Iduna). Bragi's tongue had Runes carved on it and he is said to inspire poets by letting them drink of the mead of poetry. Oaths are sworn over the 'Bragarfull' ("Cup of Bragi"), and toasts are drunk from it in honour of dead kings. Eir: means "mercy", is a Scandinavian Goddess of healing with herbs. Eir taught the use of healing herbs only to women, and was a handmaiden to Frigg. Elli: the Scandinavian Goddess of old age. She bested Thor in a wrestling match.

Gefion: (aka Gefjon) is an ancient Scandinavian vegetation and fertility Goddess. Gefion is the patron Goddess of virgins and a bringer of good luck and prosperity. She is married to King Skjold. In legend, she is the ancestress of the Swedish kings. It is said that any maiden which dies a virgin, will become her servant. Gefion's symbol is the plough. Gerd: (aka Gerda) is a Scandinavian earth Goddess. She reluctantly married Freyr, the Scandinavian God of sun and rain. Hödr: (Höd, Hödhr, Hother, Hoder) was the Scandinavian God of darkness and winter, and the blind twin brother of Baldur. Loki guided his hand in throwing the mistilteinn dart, which killed Baldur. Hod was killed by his half-brother Vali; whom who was born for revenge. Saxo Grammaticus wrote of Baldr as a warrior who contested with Hödhr to win Nanna. Warned by several walkyrige, Hödhr gets a magic sword to kill Baldr, as well as an arm-ring to bring him wealth. He meets up with several forest-maidens (the walkyrige) and convinces them to let him to taste the magical food they are preparing for Baldr. This food was the source of Baldr's strength. Now being of equal strength as Baldr, he defeated and mortally wounded him. In Saxo's story, Baldr has a dream where the Goddess Proserpine promises her love to him. Odhinn uses magic and trickery to get a son by Rindr, to get revenge on Hödhr. This son was called Bous, and he killed Hödhr, even though he was but one night old. Legend states that Hödr will be reborn after Ragnarok. Idun: (aka Idun, Iduna), is the Scandinavian Goddess of eternal youth and the keeper of the golden apples (of youth). She is also a Goddess of youth, fertility, and death. Her father is the giant and star-hero Ivalde, and her brother is Orvandil who was married to Sif. Idun is always shown as a sweet and naive maiden. She was once rescued by Loki, when she was kidnapped by the storm giant Thiazi. (Loki changed her into a nut, and carried her back to her hall.) Idun is married to the mortal turned Scandinavian God, Bragi. Idun's magickal items are apples, and she is invoked for longevity of life. Njörd: (aka Njöror (old Norse)) is the Scandinavian God of winds, sea and fire, as well as the patron of "all riches". One of the functions of Njörd is to reconcile people. Njörd carried a magickal Axe. Unlike Aegir, Njörd brought good fortune to sailors as well as for those in the hunt. He was married to the giantess Skadi. His children are Freya and Freyr, whom he fathered by Nerthus who was reputed to be his sister. Njörd had a large following in Uppsala, Sweden. Njörd is invoked for prosperity. Ran: is the Scandinavian Goddess of storms, and ruler of the realm of the dead. She married Aegir, and mothered nine daughters, which are the waves. It was believed that Ran sunk ships and drowned sailors so that she could tenderly care for them in her hall under the ocean. Saga: is a daughter of the Scandinavian God Odin and is invoked for a good memory as well as to recall past events.

Seaxneat: (aka Saxnot, aka Tîwaz) was the Saxon God that is said to be the founder of the Saxon dynasty of Kings in Essex. It is thought that he was originally known by this name in Essex; later to be changed to Tîwaz, Tiw, and Tig. He is believed to have been a war God; and he could have originally been known as Sahsginot, 'sword companion'. When the Saxons were forced to be baptised, Seaxneat, as Tîwaz, was one of the three specific Gods they were forced to renounce. Sif: the second wife of Thor and the mother of Uller, by her first husband Orvandil, a star-hero. Sif has long corn-gold hair and is the Scandinavian Goddess of summer fertility and corn. Loki cut Sif's hair and that act is interpreted as a corn-field fire. (In ancient Scandinavia, a married woman who slept with another, had her hair cropped, as punishment. Loki claimed in "Lokasenna" to have slept with Sif and for this, cropped her hair. He then had dwarves forge hair of gold for her.) Invoke Sif for conjugal fidelity, peace, friendship, fertility and a happy family life. Syn: invoked by Scandinavian defendants on trial Uller: (aka Wulder (Saxon), Wuldor (Teutonic), Ull (ancient Norse)) is an ancient Scandinavian God whos name meant "the brilliant one". He is a step-son of Thor and his mother is Sif. (Uller's father was the star hero Orvandil.) Uller is invoked for oaths, duels and hunting. He was considered to be the winter ruler of Asgard; and at one time was as important to the Norsemen as Odin. Uller is associated with the Aurora Borealis. In ancient Norse myth, Ull, meaning "glory", is the God of justice and dueling, as well as the patron God of agriculture. He resides in his hall, Ydalir ("yew dales"). Uller married Skadi, after she divorced Njörd. According to Saxo Grammaticus, Wuldor ruled in Wodan's place for ten years whilst the latter was expelled in disgrace. (Wodan had disguised himself as a woman in order to begat the avenger of Baldr's death, Bous.) After Wodan was reinstated, Wuldor fled to Sweden. Magickal items belonging to Uller are a bow, wuldortanas (glory-twigs), and an oath-ring. Var: was a handmaiden to Frigg and a Scandinavian Goddess of contracts and marriage agreements. She hates oath-breakers and will avenge the wronged party in one. Interestingly, Var cognates with the German word wahr, (meaning "true") and survives in English in the words "beware" and "aware". Invoke Var to witness oaths and to avenge broken ones, especially in marriages. Vidar: (aka Vídharr) is the Scandinavian God of silence and revenge. His parents are Odin and the giantess Gridr. His hall in Asgard is Vidi. When the monsterous wolf Fenrir swallows Odin at Ragnarok, Vidar will kill the wolf by tearing it apart. Vidar is the second strongest God in the Scandinavian pantheon. Vor: was a handmaiden to Frigg and a Scandinavian Goddess of contracts and marriage agreements. It is said that nothing can be kept hidden from Vor.

Esus: (aka Cu Chulainn) is the horned and leaping Celtic guardian of cattle and beasts. Maeve: (aka Medb) whom endows the Celtic sovereign with his powers. She is also a Goddess of Earth fertility. Maeve rides in a wheeled chariot, always in a sunwise direction. Maeve is also a Celtic War Goddess. Her lover is Fergus. Rhiannon: pronounced hri-an-non, is the Welsh Great Mother Goddess; goddess of horses, enchantments, fertility, horses, birds and the underworld. Invoke her as you would Epona. Sequana: a Celtic River Goddess. She has a duck prowed boat and wears a diadem.


Aphrodite: the Greek Goddess of Passion and sexual love, and womanly beauty. Said to have been born of sea-foam; her name means "laughter loving". Apollon: the Greek God of light, reason, inspiration, prophecy, the arts, healing and oracles. He is identified with the sun, and his Roman counterpart is Apollo. Arachne: the Greek spider Goddess, who is the weaver of fate. Ares: the Greek God of war. He is also called 'the shield-piercer' and [the] 'sacker of towns". Artemis: the Huntress, is the Greek Moon Goddess. She is shown often with a Deer as a companion and carried a bow and quiver of arrows. She is also the deity of wild places, groves and ponds Astarte: (aka Ashtoreth, Ashtaroth, Ashtart, Ishtar) is the general Greek Fertility Goddess as well as the Goddess of love, war and the planet Venus. She is usually depicted as being naked, wearing a lapis-lazuli necklace and carrying a spear or a bow. Sometimes she is shown with crescent-Moon horns; and sometimes she is shown walking on a lion. Athena: (aka Athene) is the Greek Goddess of War as well as the Greek Goddess of Wisdom. She is the daughter of the Greek God Zeus and Metis. Athena is depicted as a strong woman in full armour. Her breast-plate symbolizes earned wisdom, and her helment, the protection of knowledge. Athena is the Greek patron of craftsmen and the protector of cities. Cybele: (aka Kybele, Rhea) is the Greek Great Mother of the Gods. She is the leading deity of the Greek mystery religions. Her Consort is Attis, whom is also her grandson. Demeter: the Greek Earth-Mother Archtype, she is the Goddess of agriculture, crops and all produce. She is invoked to insure an abundant harvest and also during birthing. Dionysos: (aka Dionysus) is the Greek God of ecstasy, wine and fertility. Hades: the Greek God of the underworld and death. He is a brother of Zeus, but did not live on Olympos. Hera: the Greek Goddess of marriage and all phases of a woman's life. She is both sister and wife to Zeus.

Hermes: the Greek God of commerce and the herald and messenger to the Greek Gods. He often escorted the dead to the underworld. He is principally a god of boundaries, hence his designation as God of travelers (who cross boundaries), thieves (who transgress boundaries) and psychopomp. Erect phallus statues called "herms" guarded the boundaries of the ancient Greek's home, and piles of rocks called "hermes" delineated land boundaries. Hermes is an androgynous trickster God, often housed in the same body as Aphrodite. Hermes can be compared to the Roman Mercury, as well as to the Teutonic Gods, Teutatis and Woden. Hestia: (aka Vesta) is a Greek Mother Goddess, her name means "Hearth". She is also the Goddess of Household Harmony. Invoke Hestia for abundance in the home, conception and general well-being. Hestia's consort is Pales; an ass-god, and a symbol of fertility throughout the ancient world. Kore: (aka Persephone) is the Greek queen of the underworld. Her father is Zeus and her mother is Demeter, Zeus' sister. Metis: means "thought" is the Greek daughter of the Titan Okeanos. With Zeus, she is the parent of the Goddess Athena. Pan: the ancient Greek God of sacrificial fertility, and is the quintessential woodland god. The Christian church demonized Pan to diminish his powerful influence. Pan is depicted as a goat-hooved and lusty trickster. Poseidon: means "earth-shaker", is the Greek God of both earthquakes and the sea. Selene: the Greek Moon Goddess and teacher to Magickans, and sorcerers. she is shown as a beautiful, pale woman in a chariot drawn by either two white horses or a mule. Zeus: (aka Xenios, Herkios, Gamelios) is chief God of the Greek pantheon. He is God of the sky, storms, lightning and thunder. He also has a tremendous influence in other matters. As Zeus Cthonos he is God of the earth and fertility. As Zeus Soter, he is the father and saviour of humanity. As Xenios, he is the protector of the rules of hospitality. As Herkios, he was protector of the house; as Kleisos, he is the guardian of property. As Gamelios, he is the God of Marriage. Zeus is usually depicted as a powerful, regal and bearded man. Sometimes he is shown carrying a thunderbolt; at other times, he is shown with the sceptre of authority.


Apollo: the Roman God of light, intellect, the arts, healing and prophecy. Bacchus: (aka Bakchos) is the Roman name for the Greek God Dionysos. Bacchus is the orgiastic deity of the Bacchanalia. His phallic staff (Thyrsus) is crowned by a pine cone which represents wisdom and inspiration. Ceres: the Roman Goddess of agriculture and fertility. Her Greek counterpart is Demeter. Cupid: the Roman God of love, attraction, and the son of Venus. His Greek counterpart is Eros. Diana: the Roman Goddess of the hunt, moon, beasts and wild-areas. Her Greek counterpart is Artemis. Dis Pater: the Roman God of death and the underworld. His Greek counterparts are Hades and Plouton. Faunus: the Roman God of woodlands. His Greek counterpart is Pan. Janus: the Roman "two-faced" God of doorways and gates; entrances and exits. Because of this, he is depicted as looking both forward and back at the same time. Jupiter: the Roman God of the sky, and is the father of gods and men, in Roman mythology. His Greek counterpart is Zeus. Juno: the Roman Goddess of women and motherhood. She is wedded to Jupiter and her Greek counterpart is Hera. Liber: the Roman God of wild nature, fertility, ecstasy and wine. His Greek counterparts are Dionysos, and Bakchos. Mars: the Roman God of war. His Greek counterpart is Ares. Mercury: the Roman God of trade and communications. He was the Roman messenger to the gods. His Greek counterpart is Hermes. Minerva: the Roman Goddess of crafts and wisdom. Her Greek counterpart is Athena. Neptune: the Roman God of the sea. His Greek counterpart is Poseidon. Saturn: (aka Cronus, Kronos)is a Roman God of agriculture and the ruler of the golden age. He is usually shown as an old man in a robe, carrying a sickle. He is referred to as "The Sower". His counterpart in Greece is Kronos. Venus: the Roman Goddess of love and beauty. Her Greek counterpart is Aphrodite.

Voodoo and Santeria

Changó: (aka Shangó, Inquices: Nsasi, Insasi, Nkita, Nkitán Kitán, Kanbaranguanje,Insancio, Mukiamamuilo, Zaze, Kibuco Kirbrico, Kiassubangango, Nzage, Kambaranguanje ) is the Santería (Macumba, and Kongo) Orisha of Courage,

Truth and intelligence; as well as being the Lord of fire, thunder, lightening, rain and (male) fertility. Changó is identified with St. Barbara and St. Gerome of the Catholic faith. He is wedded to Oya and they have nine children. His mother is Yemayah. He is thought of being shrewd, smooth-talking, kingly, and a con-artist; he is stimulated by challenge and he always wins against all odds. Shangó is depicted in a double-headed dance wand headress, called the oshe Sangó, and carries a double-headed axe which symbolizes his preparedness, and courage. He also carries the phallic mortar, or odo, in his right hand, and his totem animals are the black cat, quail and tortoise. He embodies the value of truth, and demands a young rooster as sacrifice. Ellegguá: (aka Elegua, Eleggùa Inquices: Tata Elegua, Tata Tata Elegua, Tata Elegwa, Nkuyu Nfinda,Tata Nkuyu, Tata Nfinda, Aluvaiá, Exu Pavena, Pombo-ngira, Pambunguera, Pomba-gira, Bonbonjira, Tonã, Cubango Elegwa, Nkuyu Nfinda, Tata Nkuyu, Tata Nfinda, Aluvaiá, Exu Pavena, Pombo-ngira, Pambunguera, Pomba-gira, Bonbonjira, Tonã, Cubango) is a major warrior Orisha of Santería (Macumba). He must be paid homage before any other Santería (Macumba) Orisha, or he will cause great trouble to the Santero. He is identified with St. Anthony of the Catholic faith, and the voodoo god Legba. The sacrifice to Ellegguá is a small chicken. Erzulie Dantor: the Voodoo protectress of abused women, as well as the protector of newly consecrated Houngans and Mambos. She is identified with the "Black St. Barbara". Erzulie Freda: the Voodoo lwa (aka loa or god/dess) of the moon and love. She can be compared to Venus. Gran Met: the Voodoo all knowing, all powerful, if remote "Great God". Legba: the Voodoo (Vodun, Vodou) lwa (aka loa or god/dess) of the sun and is the chief god of the pantheon. Legba is also a lwa of communication, and can be compared to Mercury or Hermes. Obatalá: (aka Obtala) is identified with the Virgin Mary as "Our Lady of Mercy", in Santería. In the Ifá Creation myth, Obatala came down from Heaven to the Earth with a sea-shell, guinea hen, sand and ikin. Obatalá poured the sand on the waters, and dropped the hen on the earth. The hen scratched the sand and created earth's first land mass. Obatalá embodies the value of ethics and symbolizes reason. Ochosi: a Santería (Macumba) hunter Orisha. During any Santería (Macumba) sacrifice to other Orishas; Ellegguá, Osún,and Ochosi must be sacrificed to also. He requires a sacrifice of two pigeons. Oggún: (aka Ogún, Ogu, Oggzn Inquices: Pungo Dibudi, Zumbarandá, Roxo Mucumbe, Inôssi Mucumbe, Ncôsse) is the Santería (Macumba) warrior Orisha of ironworking. (In west Africa, blacksmithing is a sacred vocation.) During any Santería (Macumba) sacrifice to other Orishas; Ellegguá, Osún,and Ochosi must be sacrificed to also. The

sacrifice to Oggún is a small chicken. Oggún is identified with St. Peter, and symbolizes human will. An article on Oggún can be found here. Olodumare: (aka Inquices: Nsambi, Sambia, Sambi, Nzambi, Insambi, Sambia Mpungu, Mpungu Sambia, Asambia,Zumbá, Zambi,Zambiampongo) is the God of Heavens in the Yoruba and Kongo pantheons. Orùnmila: (aka Orula) is identified with St. Francis of Assisi in Santería. Osún: (aka Ikolé, Oshún, Ochun, Inquices: Chola Wengue, Choya Wengue, Mama Chola, Shola, Chola Anguenge, Mpungu Mama Wánga, Kissimbé, Samba) is the Santería (Macumba) Orisha of Love and Sensuality as well as the patroness of the blood-stream and of rivers. As Ikolé, she the messenger to Olodumare, the God of the heavens. She is depicted as an old woman whom is wise but sad at her loss of beauty. Alternately she may be shown as tall, light brown-skinned woman who has the sensuality of a prostitute. Osún wears seven brass bracelets, and wears a mirror at her belt to admire herself. Her companions are a peacock and a cricket. Osún is identified with the Virgin Mary as "Our Lady of Charity" and symbolizes human self-esteem. She carries river water in her pot. This is an Orisha of opposites, and powerful spells are worked in Santería (Macumba) through her. Osún embodies the value of connectiveness. The sacrifice to Osún is a small chicken. A story about her can be read here. Oya: the female Warrior Orisha of the Wind, to the Santería (Macumba). She is wedded to Shangó and has nine children. She is often depicted kneeling and suckling a child. Tall and regal, Oya is invoked for power, action and life. Oya embodies the value of change. Yemayah: (aka Yemalia, Yemalla, Yemayà, Yemonja, Baluandé, Balaúnde,Bamba di Ngola, Mboma, Mamá Kalunga, Pungo Kasimba, Mamá Umba,Mbúmba Mamba, Nkita Kiamasa, Nkita Kuna Mamba, Muana Lango,Mameto-Caitumbá,Dandalunda, Maie Danda, Pandá) is the Santería (Macumba) Orisha of the Ocean, fish, and Motherhood. Yemayah embodies the value of nurturance. She is long-breasted, and wears an insignia of alternating crystal and blue beads. She has a strong, nurturing, and life-giving, but very destructive nature. In Santería (Macumba), she is considered to be the Great Witch, and the ultimate manifestation of feminine power. Yemayah is identified with the Virgin Mary as "Our Lady of Regla" and "Our Lady of Lourdes". Yemalla symbolizes human compassion. Yemalla is the Palo version.


Diana Of Ephesus: the Amazon's multi-breasted Goddess of Heaven.

Gaia: (pronounced guy-uh) is the deified earth. Although Gaia is thought of as a New Age goddess, the person who created the concept in 1973 never intended for that to happen. Hecate: (aka Hekate) is the original representation of the holy trinity. The Christian tradition demonized her as the queen of witches; and created an evil image of her to obscure her importance to the agrarian societies of medieval Europe as a source of healing magic. She is the crone aspect of the moon. Invoke Hecate for wisdom, healing, and women's mysteries. Nehellenia: associated, in Holland, with vegetation, dogs and the sea. She is always portrayed with a basket of apples. (Apples being symbolic of life and fertility; dogs with death.) Nehellenia was worshipped on the Dutch Frisian island, Walcheren, (now a part of the provence of Zealand). Nehellenia was invoked by sailors before they attempted to cross the North Sea to England. Orisha: (aka Orisa) is a word to denote the named aspects of God in the Yoruba pantheon. Each Orisha has its own personality and myth; and may or may not be equivalent in the other forms of the religion. Orisha also represent ancestors, and values and are identified with Saints or others of the Catholic religion. Each Orisha also represents a particular law, such as Oshun's law to "Love yourself", or Shangó's "Use your head". For a clearer understanding of the Orisha, read the article hyper-linked here. Zurvan: is the Persian God of time and infinate space. He is also the lord of the four elements. Zurvan is depicted as having four faces; procreation, birth, aging and the return to the infinite. Buto: the chief wiccan Goddess of the Delta. She is associated with the snake. Khons: (aka Khonsu, Khensu) is the wiccan Moon God of Thebes. In later times, he is known as a God of healing. Min: (Minis) a wiccan God of fertility, and protector of roads and travellers. He is shown with an erect phallus and is often identified with Horus. Pashupati: the most ancient of the "horned gods". Renenet: is the wiccan Goddess whom protects children. Serapis: an wiccan God of healing and the after-life. He was the chief state god in the Ptolemaic period of wiccan history; and is a fusion of Osiris and Apis.

Imhotep: is the wiccan God of healing. He was originally a real man, whom, was elevated as a God. When alive, he was the builder of the step pyramid at Sakkara.

Meshkent: the wiccan Goddess of birth. She will be present at the great day of Judgement. Shai: the wiccan God of destiny. He is always present at births and on the day of judgement.