HOW TO WRITE CHAPTER I Chapter 1 The Project and Its Background

This chapter explains how to write the introduction how to formulate the specific questions and hypotheses,how to write about the importance of the study,how to define terms,how to delimit the study and how to construct the conceptual framework are clearly explained and illustrated Chapter 1 of a thesis should contain a discussion of each of the following topics Introduction Background of the study Statement of the problem Objectives of the study Assumptions and Hypotheses Significance of Importance of the Study Definition of Terms Scope and Limitations of the Study Conceptual Framework The Introduction should contain a discussion of any or all of the following 1. Presentation of the Problem.The start of the introduction is the presentation of the problem that is what the project is all about.This will indicate what will be covered by the study (Prolong the discussion citing the multifarious and wonderful benefits that Information Technology is giving to humanity tpday.Later,in connection with Information Technology,the chosen topic which is the system proposal may be presented) The existence of an unsatisfactory condition,a felt problem that needs a solution. Rationale of the study.The reason/s why it is necessary to conduct the study must be discussed. Historical background of the problem. A desire to have a deeper and clearer understanding of a situation,circumstance,or phenomenon. A desire to find a better way of doing something or of improving a product. A desire to discover something. A link between the introduction and the statement of the problem.A sentence or two should show the link between the introduction and the conducting of researcher.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Background of the Study 1. Cite the reasons why you have chosen the topic of your study.

References : thesis and Dissertation Writing A Modular Approach - Tejero & Catchillar ,2004 Methods of Research and Thesis Writing-Calderon & Gonzales, 1993 Prepared by : Emma C. Reyes

1993 Prepared by : Emma C. to determine. 3. 3. The objectives should be stated in behavioral terms. methodology and research instrument Objectives of the study 1. Do not be repetitive in the use of action words. globally. 5. Importance of Significance of the Study The importance of the whole study must contain explanations or discussions of any or all of the following: References : Thesis and Dissertation Writing A Modular Approach. Cite the problematic situation which prompted you to conduct the study from the macro to micro level. to zero-in on the local setting of the study Support your discussion with legal basis relevant to your study Pertinent statistical data should support your claims. Only experimental studies need expressly written assumptions and hypotheses. You should vary them. The objectives should start with the word ``to . etc. say for instance: to assess. 4. nationally and locally. and Time-bounded) Assumptions and Hypotheses Historical and descriptive investigations do not need explicit hypotheses and assumptions. the objectives should be stated in the infinitive or the verb ``to be . 3. Make a general statement of the problem. to evaluate. 2004 Methods of Research and Thesis Writing Calderon & Gonzales. to draw. Make your presentation emphatic and explosive. hypothesis. Result-oriented. 2.Tejero & Catchillar. 4. conceptual framework. It should prod your reader to go on and find out what good is there in your research study Statement of the Problem There should be a general statement of the whole problem followed by the specific questions or sub problems into which the general problem is broken up 1. 5. Measurable.2. (It means that objectives should be SMART Specific. regionally. Cite the specific problems in logical and sequential order as they appear in your paradigm The problems must be with the paradigm. Attainable. that is. Write an introductory paragraph before listing the objectives The objectives should be with the problems if there are six problems. there should also six objectives While the problems are stated in question form. to find out. Reyes . 2.

Define the parameters or boundaries of the investigation. and or relevance of the study. during which the data were gathered. where the data were gathered or the entity to which the data belong. 4. This is the time. magazines and newspaper articles. the possible effects of the problems. The rationale. 4. 3. that is. words or phrases which have special or unique measuring in the study are defined Terms should be defined operationally. and unequivocal as possible. The rational. Possible implications. The researcher may develop his own definition from the characteristics of the term defined. 5. 5. 2. Definitions may be taken from encyclopedias. either months or years. or communities who may be placed in a more advantageous position on account of the study. The subject matter and topics studied and discussed. Possible solutions to existing problems or improvement to satisfactory conditions. Reyes . and other publications but the researcher must acknowledge his sources Definitions should be as brief. Acronyms should always be spelled out fully especially if it is not commonly known or if it is used the first time Scope and Limitations of the Study The scope and delimitations should include the following: 1. groups. Who are to be benifited and how they are going to be benifited. clear. It must be shown who are the individuals. Definitions of Terms Guidelines in defining terms: 1. 1993 Prepared by : Emma C. dictionaries. References : Thesis and Dissertation Writing a Modular Approach Tejero & Cathchillar. 3. timeliness. 5. 2. timeliness. 2004 Methods of Research and Thesis Writing Calderon & Gonzales. 2. The locale of the study. Possible contribution to the fund of knowledge.1. how they are used in the study. It should be discussed here that the implications include the possible causes of the problems discovered. Only terms. 3. books. 4. and the remedial measures to solve the problems Implications also include the good points of a system which ought to be continued or to be improved if possible. The period of the study. A brief statement of the general purpose of the study. and/or relevance of the study to existing conditions must be explained or discussed.

References : Thesis and Dissertation Writing a Modular Approach Tejero & Cathchillar. the main thrust of the study. the researcher may formulate a theoretical scheme for his research problem. 1. A paradigm is a diagrammatic representation of a conceptual framework it depicts in a more vivid way what the conceptual framework wants to convey. Paradigm. etc. efficiency. effectiveness. Define the anticipated limitations of the study. It serves as a guide in conducting the investigation. Write the figure number under the whole paradigm and label it. Reyes . 2. 2004 Methods of Research and Thesis Writing Calderon & Gonzales.The Limitation of the Study include the weaknesses of the study beyond the control of the researcher. The conceptual framework becomes the central theme. extent. The use of one-headed or two-headed arrows will clarify which variables are to be correlated. The variables should be appropriately placed in their corresponding boxes. 1993 Prepared by : Emma C. The paradigm should illustrate or concretize the conceptual framework. How are you going to handle them so that they do not become the bottleneck of the investigation? Conceptual Framework From the review of related literature and studies. 3. This scheme is tentative explanation or theoretical explanation of the phenomenon or problem and serves as the basis for the formulation of hypotheses. the focus. This is especially true in descriptive research where the variables involved are uncountable or continuous variables such as adecuacy.

List of computerized/automated processes covered by your study Output The title of your project List of input activities - References : Thesis and Dissertation Writing a Modular Approach Tejero & Cathchillar. supplier data) Technology .Format: Input Process Data .List of data needed in processing (e. 2004 Methods of Research and Thesis Writing Calderon & Gonzales. Reyes .List of technologies (software and network connection needed in the process activities Computerized Process . 1993 Prepared by : Emma C. customer data.g.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful