Surgical instrument

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Various scalpels

A surgical instrument is a specially designed tool or device for performing specific actions of carrying out desired effects during a surgery or operation, such as modifying biological tissue, or to provide access for viewing it. Over time, many different kinds of surgical instruments and tools have been invented. Some surgical instruments are designed for general use in surgery, while others are designed for a specific procedure or surgery. Accordingly, the nomenclature of surgical instruments follows certain patterns, such as a description of the action it performs (for example, scalpel, hemostat), the name of its inventor(s) (for example, the Kocher forceps), or a compound scientific name related to the kind of surgery (for example, a tracheotome is a tool used to perform a tracheotomy). The expression surgical instrumentation is somewhat interchangeably used with surgical instruments, but its meaning in medical jargon is really the activity of providing assistance to a surgeon with the proper handling of

by a specialized professional. such as drills. lancets. cryotomes and cutting laser guides Measurement devices. trocars. etc. used to spread open skin.surgical instruments during an operation. . ribs and other tissue Distractors. electronic and mechanical devices Ultrasound tissue disruptors. such as rulers and calipers                An important relative distinction. Powered devices. Minimally invasive systems are an important recent development in surgery. usually a surgical technologist or sometimes a nurse or radiologic technologist. to help "wedge" open damaged tissues in the brain. Ligasure.) Dilators and specula. for introducing fluid Tyndallers. for removal of bodily fluids Sealing devices. drill bits. for access to narrow passages or incisions Suction tips and tubes. such as forceps Clamps and occluders for blood vessels and other organs Retractors. [edit]Classification There are several classes of surgical instruments: Graspers. including fiber optic endoscopes and tactile probes Carriers and appliers for optical. Terms relating to this issue are 'atraumatic' and minimally invasive. rasps. positioners and stereotactic devices Mechanical cutters (scalpels. regarding surgical instruments. is the amount of bodily disruption or tissue trauma that their use might cause the patient. tips and tubes. dermatomes Scopes and probes. such as surgical staplers Irrigation and injection needles.

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