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Surname 2 Outline: 1. Capital Punishment. Practice of Capital Punishment 5. is it Ethical? 4. Capital Punishment as Deterrence 3. Improvement of Capital Punishment 6. Conclusion Introduction . Introduction 2.
mutiny. electrocution. drug trafficking. On the other hand. rehabilitate. torture and degrading punishment that surrounds the issue. assault. expensive and may be erroneously applied to innocent individuals. it acts is a deterrent that acts as a reminder to criminals. insubordination and cowardice. differs in standards. homosexuality. there is no explanation that may justify the cruelty. teach others by example. Critics argue that is a denial of the right of a person to life and violates the sanctity of life itself. Moreover. and military misconducts such as desertion. beheading. Heated debates arise from protesters and supporters of capital punishment based on moral grounds. practice. hanging. It is simply inhumane. The capital crimes awarded the death penalty vary with judicial practices of different governments. firing squad. They include treason. In addition. eliminate harmful people in the society or is retributive for the victims’ interest? This paper shall put into account these aspects as well as the ethics. eliminates harmful individuals in the society and can be administered in a more humane manner (Hodgkinson & Schabas 3). It is done in different ways which includes lethal injection. All the same. theft.Surname 3 Death penalty or capital punishment is the planned or premeditated elimination of the life of human by governmental consent due to a criminal engagement of the legally convicted individual. murder. gas chamber. supporters of the issue points out that death penalty which is a legal response to capital crimes is a sure way of showing that life is valuable and to teach a lesson to the society that life killing is a vice. rape. is capital punishment meant to punish. Capital Punishment as Deterrent . Capital crimes are those that are viewed so heinous such that the only punishment suitable to them is death. and development of capital punishment to become more effective (Fridell 10). among others.
The four States i. Virginia and Florida that practice capital punishment continue to have increased murder rates. then it would be a better place to live in.Surname 4 Deterrence is the core of debates surrounding capital punishment especially based on public opinion. Texas. Retentionists argue that capital punishment has an obvious effect of deterring crime. Those members of the society that don’t engage in criminal activities should enjoy security and be sure that they are not entitled . Conversely. Other murders with organized plans of killings think that they cannot be caught since they apply clever tactics. the capital penalty is doesn’t act as a deterrent. Georgia. fear. Supporters of the death penalty cannot prove that it certainly deters crimes. In fact “How can they b establish that someone would have committed a crime if that person had not been deterred by the threat of the death penalty?” (Kronenwetter 27) If it would be deterrence then those countries that practice it should be free of capital crimes. The criminal justice system should therefore ensure that people are deterred from engaging in criminal activities by administering punishments that instigate fear and hence. prevent crime. It is believed that murders for example are executed to discourage others from engaging in such. is it Ethical? Is there anything like a just punishment? If the punishment is designed in a way that every member of the society is entitled to maximum security.e. This is in support of the fact that moist of the murder crimes are committed in times of intense frustration. hatred and rage when the murders have no time to think rationally and inconsiderate of the consequences. Capital Punishment. abolitionists assert that murders are incapable of having a rational way of thinking and therefore cannot be deterred from committing the crime. in such a case.
is it worth embracing? Certainly not since it may engender crime as shown by individual who commit crime knowing if arrested. It’s not meant to improve the future of criminals or the society but its rationale is in the act (Tannsjo 68). if perpetrator of a crime had no choice but committing the crime. an individual who is of middle age and acquires a terminal ailment know he will die and has a short time to live. individuals engaged in crimes are afflicted with guilt and therefore deserve to be punished. guilt and ultimate punishment which is deserved. yet are not aware of what happened to them unlike of convicts to be executed who are aware of what happened to them. Similarly. its unfair to punish him but if he had a choice and opted to act in an evil way. Capital punishment deters prospects of committing capital crimes and saves the convicts from having to commit the crime again. Therefore. They kill to be killed as well. capital punishment is not cruel from this perspective and utilitarian’s like J. In contrast. they will be murder convicts and face execution. capital punishment remains pragmatic and there is no appropriate instance to the issue. If euthanasia is the mode administered to a convict.live. In accordance with the deontological ethics. If capital punishment has no deterrent effect.Surname 5 to any punishment. then there is no cruelty since knowing they will be executed is not strange and are aware that a short time is left for them to . However. . From a utilitarian perspective. Also. there is justification of the crime and the society owes it to him(Tannsjo 66 & 67). if maximum security of the society is ensured then capital punishment should be embraced and if otherwise. deontological ethics render intimately the connection of wrongdoing.S Mill believes that it is better than long-term imprisonments. it should be rejected.
while peasants were subjected to slow and torturous ways.e. anesthetic e. another chemical i. Thirdly. It was named a guillotine and was swifter and was used to execute the French queen and king after the monarchy was b overthrown by the Revolution. Potassium chloride which stops the heart beating and causes cardiac arrest is injected and the victim eventually dies and is declared so by a physician according to the . during the French Revolution. However. burying alive. another chemical i. pancuronium bromide which paralyzes the lungs as well as the diaphragm is administered which makes breathing hard. Barbiturate to eliminate pain which could as well be fatal since it is administered intravenously in high dosage.Surname 6 Practice of Capital Punishment Traditionally. the executions were made more humane prior to which aristocracy members faced b executions by sword swiftly. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin pointed out that crimes should be punished in an equal manner for everyone and proposed a machine to behead convicts with a heavy blade that hit the neck at the back. burning. Most European countries including France have abolished capital punishment but it’s still practiced in the United States.g. In US executions ceased from 1972 to 1977 when the Supreme Court based on 8th Amendment pointed that it was not only unconstitutional due to lack of equal standards in different States but also it was done on ethnic discrimination where more blacks were executed than the whites (Marzilli 11) Today. Second. capital punishment was done through bloody methods such as crucifixion. It was done even to minor crimes according to the current standards. It involves injection with first. crushing and stoning of convict publicly.e. lethal injection is the common way of executing convicts especially in the US.
local and state elections. Medical engagement in capital punishments is inevitable. Medical advice is essential to determine aspects such as developing evidence and in judicial opinions. the convicts should given a choice o the method that he wants to be v executed with and the list b should only include those that are humane and has minimal cruelty to the . India and the People’s Republic of China allows executions (Marzilli 12). Abolition of death penalty has become hard since mostly populated countries such as Indonesia. The amnesty international considers many countries as abolitionists. Improvement of Capital Punishment Should capital punishment be removed or improved? The answer to the question is dependent on issues such as public opinion. It is common in administering lethal injections. DNA analysis could be helpful to determine the factual aspects surrounding a crime. Capital punishment is still an issue in US where majority supports it and triggers a heated campaign issue during national. administering a lethal gas. Errors cannot be fully ruled out since prosecutors and police may not for sure prove an individual guilty of a crime. execution mode. It is essential to collect biological evidence from culprits in a crime scene. Other modes employed to execute include electrocution with enough current that is fatal. In helping to avoid erroneous executions. international law and the rights of individuals. involvement of physician. Medical professionals who violate ethics in the practice should be disciplined accordingly (Hodgkinson & Rutherford 253).Surname 7 medical practice procedures. religion. obtaining organ transplants and psychiatric engagements in executions of the mentally ill. Professionals in the medical field should conduct themselves in manners that are ethical. alternative penalties. deterrence. United States. hanging and firing squad. In addition.
. Hodgkinson. capital punishment is wrong and should be abolished at any cost. Others may see it as just a remedy to crime but irrespective of anything else. life itself is sacred and it’s every human’s right to life. According to my moral intuitions. It does not only disrespect life but also exposes modern totalitarianism. Lethal injection is a better way to execute and for it to be more humane. families as well as the individuals whom administer the punishment. New York: Marshall Cavendish Corporation. Works Cited: Fridell. a sedative could be administered to ensure that the victim feels no pain and is not mentally disturbed. Strategies should be aimed at abolishing the death penalty and looking for alternative ways at national and international scale. Winchester: Waterside Press. Capital Punishment. Print. Capital Punishment: Global Issues and Prospects. Peter and Rutherford. 2004. Andrew. Capital punishment aggravates pain felt by victims of homicide.Surname 8 victim. Ron. medieval fanaticism and primitive savagery. Conclusion Capital punishment can be viewed as a violation of sanctity of life or the expression of ‘an eye for an eye’. A right to life is entitled to all human. is given naturally and its denial should come naturally as well (Hodgkinson & Rutherford 11). Print. 1996.
2008. Cambridge. Marzilli. Edinburg: Edinburg University Press Ltd. Print. Print. Santa Barbara. Capital Punishment.Surname 9 Hodgkinson. 2004. New York: InfoBase Publishing. Tannsjo. Torbjorn. Understanding Ethics: An introduction to Moral Theory. 2 Ed. Capital Punishment: Strategies for Abolition. . Kronenwetter. Inc. William. 2 Ed. Peter and Schabas. Capital Punishment. 2006. California: ABCCLIO. Michael. Print. Alan. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
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