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Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water selfpurification)


[Series: Legendary Discoveries. Item 1]; additional key words: ecotoxicology, environmental chemistry, water, sustainability; aquatic, ecosystems, freshwater, marine, resources, environmental safety, biodiversity, protection, conservation, services, hydrosphere, pollution, control, prevention, habitats, decontamination, water quality, self-purification, pollutants, biological, processes, anthropogenic, effects, Updated August 20, 2011. Questions which were answered in this series of publications (http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/): Besides microorganisms, do other organisms play a key role in improving water quality? Which processes are the main ones which contribute to water self-purification? Which organisms play key roles in improving water quality in aquatic ecosystems? Which organisms, freshwater or marine are more involved in improving water quality? How biological, chemical and physical processes are interacting in ecosystem in improving water quality? Is it possible to organize a multitude of factors and processes of water self-purification into a few groups (categories, blocks)? Is the self-purification potential of an aquatic ecosystem a certain constant or a labile parameter? Is the mechanism of water self-purification vulnerable to external impact on the aquatic ecosystem, e.g. to the impact of chemical pollution with synthetic chemicals? Answer was given in the papers see online: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/;

Innovation / Discovery

Why it is useful

Who cited papers presenting various aspects of this innovation


Integrated outdoor culture of two estuarine macroalgae as biofilters for dissolved nutrients from Sparus auratus waste waters. I. Hernandez, MA Fernndez-Engo - Journal of Applied , 2005 Springer; Ignacio Hernndez , M. Angeles FernndezEngo, J. Lucas Prez-Llorns & Juan J. Vergara; Area de Ecologa, Universidad de Cdiz, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y Ambientales, 11510; Spain Puerto Real, Cdiz, Spain; ** Samal, N. R.; Mazumdar, A.; Johnk, K. D.; Peeters, F. Assessment of ecosystem health of tropical shallow waterbodies in eastern India using turbulence model. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, Volume 12, Number 2, 2009 , pp. 215-225; ** REN Rui-li LIU Mao-song ZHANG Jieming ZHANG MingXU Mei. Chinese Journal of Ecology200726812221227. **

An innovative conceptualizatio n of the key role of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in improving water quality; A new conceptualizatio n of water selfpurification in aquatic (both marine and freshwater) ecosystems

To create an energy-saving, no-greenhousegas technology for water treatment; To create a costeffective technology to treat water; A new reationale for nature conservation, and biodiversity protection; To ensure water sustainability

Where this innovation / discovery was published Ostroumov S.A. Polyfunctional role of biodiversity in processes leading to water purification: current conceptualizations and concluding remarks. Hydrobiologia, 2002, 469: 203-204.
DOI 10.1007/s10750-0041875-1; Full text free: http://www.scribd.com/doc/5 2627327/2H469p203Polyfunctional-role-w-

Intra-basin spatial approach on pollution load estimation in a large Mediterranean river. Chatzinikolaou, Y. ; Ioannou, A. ; Lazaridou, M. Desalination. Vol. 250, no. 1, pp. 118-129. ** Estimation of critical nutrient amounts based on input-output analysis in an agriculture watershed of eastern China. Chen, D.; Lu, J., Shen, Y., Dahlgren, R.A., Jin, S. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment [Agric., Ecosyst. Environ.]. 2009. Vol. 134, no. 3-4, pp. 159-167. And other publications;

Addendum; http://scipeople.com/uploads/ materials/4389/2H469p203.P olyfunctional.role.w.Addend um.rtf; **

On the biotic selfpurification of aquatic ecosystems: elements of the theory. S.A. Ostroumov. Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 396, 2004, pp. 206211.
http://www.scribd.com/doc/4 8099028/ ;

OTHER EXAMPLES OF KEY DISCOVERIES in ecology, environmental sciences, biology: [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 1]: Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water self-purification): http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; Key papers: http://www.scribd.com/doc/52627327/2H469p203-Polyfunctional-role-w-Addendum; http://www.scribd.com/doc/48099028/; **[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 2]: New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60757545/, additional key words: book, detergents, surfactants, Key publication: http://www.crcpress.com/product/isbn/9780849325267 **[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 3]: Inhibitory analysis: New method to explore top-down control in ecosystems: eutrophication, algal bloom, self-purification: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61179989/3-Legendary-discoveries-top-Down-Control-Inhibitory-analysis; Key paper: http://www.moip.msu.ru/?p=154; ** [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 4]: New: a solution to the problem of criteria for ecohazards of chemicals, and negative anthropogenic effects on organisms and biota: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60891549/; Key papers: http://sites.google.com/site/2000dbs371p204criteria/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/49088234; And: http://www.scribd.com/doc/52636721/; **[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 5]: A new solution to the problem of eutrophication: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61241602/ Text of the key paper: http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065550/; ** [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 6]: New Measurements. Role of Pellets of Mollusks in Fluxes of Chemical Elements. [pellets are small pieces, aggregates of organic matter excreted by invertebrates after filtering the suspended organic matter and plankton out from water] http://www.scribd.com/doc/61247059/; Text of the key paper: scribd.com/doc/49065604; http://www.scribd.com/doc/45911730; http://b23.ru/ndgz; **[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 7]: New Discovery: Pollutants Inhibit Fluxes of Chemical Elements: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61251644/; Text of the key paper:
www.scribd.com/doc/49065530/;

*[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 8]: New Discovery: BIOMACHINERY. Example: biomachinery of improving water quality (self-purification) in aquatic (freshwater and marine) ecosystems: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61779321/; Texts of the key papers: http://www.scribd.com/doc/44105992/;
www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/100141.pdf;

**[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries, Innovations. Item 9]: A new improved definition of the term ecosystem: http://www.scribd.com/doc/62076114/; Key paper: http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065580; The new definition that was proposed in this publication is in accord with the comment about ecosystems given by Prof. P.Ehrlich. **[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries, Innovations. Item 10]: Toward new phytotechnology of water treatment: the plant Ceratophyllum demersum removes lead, cadmium and 2 other heavy metals from water: http://www.scribd.com/doc/62146380/; Key paper: http://www.getcited.org/pub/103493773; **[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries, Innovations. Item 11]: A solution to the enigma of stability of the biosphere, the balance in ecology, the sustainability of the natural environment: http://www.scribd.com/doc/62333244/; **Item 12: Chemical and molecular regulation and self-organization in the biosphere. Ecological chemomediators, ecological chemoregulators: See: On the Concepts of Biochemical Ecology and Hydrobiology: Ecological Chemomediators. Contemporary Problems of Ecology, 2008, Vol. 1, No. 2, p. 238244. http://scipeople.com/publication/67236/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/41634664; http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5465_ConceptsEcologicalChemomedia tors; **Item 13: New hazards from low-level (sublethal) chemical pollution. Inhibition of activity of filter-feeders, and as a result, a decrease in efficiency of self-purification of water. See relevant information in publications that are mentioned here: Item 8: New Discovery: BIOMACHINERY. Example: biomachinery of improving water quality (self-purification) in aquatic (freshwater and marine) ecosystems: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61779321/; Item 1: Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water self-purification) http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; Item 2: New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60757545/ ; **Item 14. Discovery of a group of situations where environmental pollution by a man-made chemical make a hazard of breaking an important link between components of ecosystems See the paper: A New Type of Effect of Potentially Hazardous Substances: Uncouplers of Pelagial Benthal Coupling .- Doklady Biological Sciences 2002, v.383, No.1-6; pp.127-130. http://www.scribd.com/doc/45913695/A-new-Type-of-Effect-2DBS-fulltext;
http://sites.google.com/site/ostroumovsergei/publications-1/new-type-of-action-of-potentially-hazardous-chemicals-uncouplers-of-pelagial-benthalcoupling-novyi-tip-deistviya-potentzialno-opasnykh-veshchestv-razobshchiteli-pelagialno-bentalnogo-sopryazheniya--dan-2002-v-383-no-1-p138-141; http://sites.google.com/site/ostroumovsergei/publications-1/a-new-type-of-effect-of-potentially-hazardous-substances-uncouplers-of-pelagialbenthalcoupling---doklady-biological-sciences-2002-vol-383-1-6; http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/179_A_new_type_of_effect_of_potentially_hazardous_substances_uncouplers_of_pelagi albenthal_coupling; http://www.researchgate.net/publication/11319341_A_new_type_of_effect_of_potentially_hazardous_substances_uncouplers_of_pelagialbenthal_coupling;

scipeople.ru/group/341/topic/1395/; www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12053562; www.springerlink.com/index/28v23jbfadl1y100.pdf;

**Item 15. Discovery of a new mechanism of how life (living organisms) adjust or condition some vital chemical parameters of the environment, and decrease toxicity of the environment. Ostroumov S.A. Some issues of chemico-biotic interactions and the new in the teaching on the biosphere / series: Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions. Volume 17. Moscow, MAX Press, 2011. 20 p. ISBN 978-5-317-03710-9. http://scipeople.ru/publication/102875/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/57818520/; [In Russian: .. - / : Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions. Volume 17. .: , 2011. - 20 . ISBN 978-5-317-03710-9. , ] **Item 16. New concepts ant terms: two-level synergism of man-made effects; synecological summation of man-made effects: synecological summation or synergistic summation of anthropogenic effects on organisms of two adjacent trophic levels: Ostroumov S.A. The hazard of a two-level synergism of synecological summation of anthropogenic effects. - Doklady Biological Sciences. 2001; 380: 499-501. http://sites.google.com/site/2001dbs380p499synerg/; Danbio52.2001v380p847.E.2 level.synergism Paper: Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001, vol. 380, (Russian edition: Doklady Akademii Nauk, 2001, vol. 380, p.847); two-level synergism; S.A.Ostroumov; http://b23.ru/n1dk = http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065634/Danbio52-2001v380p847-E-2levelsynergism; **Item 17: Finding of a new factor that may initiate algal blooms (also red tides, brown tides, blooms of cyanobacteria): Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification. Hydrobiologia. 2002, vol. 469, p. 117-129; http://www.scribd.com/doc/52598579/; http://b23.ru/nwmb; The Synecological Approach to the Problem of Eutrophication. - Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 381, 2001, pp. 559562; http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065550/; A list of other fundamental discoveries: http://www.scribd.com/doc/59437439/; CITATION: Scientists of which countries cited those discoveries: http://www.scribd.com/doc/54504932/-Table-worldWideCiting3-05; Scientists of which institutions cited those discoveries: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60225505/ A list of who cited those discoveries: http://www.scribd.com/doc/58228788/; Citation of publications authored by S.A.Ostroumov / ... .. Updt/ http://www.scribd.com/doc/58353188/Cited-ostroumov-big-Listupd-June21-2011-Nov8; OTHER EVALUATIONS of works of this author:

Evidence of merit. Comments in published editions, reviews; other forms of evaluation of publications and works by Dr. S. A. Ostroumov: http://www.scribd.com/doc/59068679/; On the book: Ostroumov S.A. Introduction to Biochemical Ecology. Moscow University Press, 1986: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/4575; Reviews, evaluations of books by Dr. S. Ostroumov: http://www.scribd.com/doc/45111401/; About the publications by S.A. Ostroumov (opinion of a member of Russian Academy of Sciences): http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5724; Opinion on and rating of Dr. S.A. Ostroumovs works: comments of international experts of 10+ countries, citation in scientific literature worldwide. Updated: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/7034; About the author: http://www.famous-scientists.ru/3732/; On Twitter: http://twitter.com/Sergeiost;

Additional references and sites: a series of relevant papers by the same author, in Doklady Biological Sciences and other journals: www.scribd.com/ar55/documents?page=7; List of relevant papers with sites, abstracts, and key words online free (39 pages): http://www.scribd.com/doc/46454069/List-scribd-7January2011; List of relevant papers with sites, some of them with abstracts, and key words online free (6 pages): http://www.scribd.com/doc/50651350/-PAPERS-online-S-Ostro; MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION : The discoveries and made by this author, and the new factual data generated have a proved innovative potential to be used as a refreshing addition to the following lecture courses and educational seminars on a number of subjects including: Environmental monitoring; Environmental sciences ; Environmental studies ; Environmental chemistry ; Environmental toxicology ; Environmental ethics ; Environmental protection ; Environmental conservation ; Environmental policy ; Environmental management ; Environmental engineering ; Ecology ; Ecotoxicology; Aquatic science;

Sustainability ; Biotechnology ; Limnology ; Zoology ; Pollution ; Water quality ; Biosphere ; Aquatic bioresources ; Biodiversity conservation ; Conservation biology ; Biochemical ecology ; Chemical ecology ; Ecological chemistry ; Bioassay ; Assessment of environmental hazards ; Man-made effects ; Anthropogenic impact ; Natural resources ; Eco-ethics ; Nanomaterials ; Nanoscience ; Biogeochemistry ; Geochemistry ; Phytotechnology ; Phytoremediation ; Aquatic ecosystems ; Biological oceanography ; Water resources ; Water pollution ; Organic pollutants ; Soil, water and air pollution ; Inorganic pollutants ; Applied ecology ; Xenobiology ; Xenobiotics ; Invertebrates ; Freshwater biology ; Marine biology ; Plant-animal interactions ; Conservation of nature ; Hydrobiology ; Aquatic ecology ; Biotesting ; Phytotest ; Plant biology ; Biotransformation ; Global change ; Interactions among organisms ;

Toxicology of environment ; Protected areas ; Some of Dr. S. Ostroumovs scientific results were used in lectures delivered to university students in the U.S.A., Germany, Netherlands, and other countries. More detail on how Dr. S. Ostroumovs publications are being used to modernize education: http://www.scribd.com/doc/53784108/Modernizing-education-Ostroumov; http://b23.ru/nlov; ** MORE KEY WORDS IN OTHER LANGUAGES (the series of publications of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov): , , , , , , , , , - , , , , , ; , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , C, N, P, Si, Al, , , , , , , , ; Biogeochemie, Pellets, neue, chemische Elemente, Flussmittel, Methodik, Muscheln, Weichtieren, Waschmittel, Tenside, hemmen, kotoxikologie, Umwelt-Chemie, Wasser, Nachhaltigkeit, aquatische, kosysteme, Swasser-, Meeres-, Ressourcen, ecosafety, Biodiversitt, Schutz, Erhaltung, Dienstleistungen, Hydrosphre, Umweltverschmutzung, Steuer-, Kohlenstoff, Stickstoff, Phosphor, Silizium, Aluminium, C, N, P, Si, Al, Klimawandel, globale, Erwrmung, Prvention, Umwelt-, Schutz-, ecosafety CNPSi ; ; biogeoqumica, pellets, nuevos, elementos qumicos, los flujos, la metodologa, los bivalvos, moluscos, detergentes, surfactantes, inhibir, ecotoxicologa, qumica ambiental, el agua, la sostenibilidad, acuticos, los ecosistemas de agua dulce, marinos, recursos, seguridad ambiental, la biodiversidad, la proteccin, conservacin , los servicios, la hidrosfera, la contaminacin, control, carbono, nitrgeno, fsforo, silicio, aluminio, C, N, P, Si, Al, el clima, el cambio, el calentamiento global, la prevencin, medio ambiente, proteccin, biogochimie, des pastilles, de nouvelles, les lments chimiques, des flux, la mthodologie, les bivalves, les mollusques, les dtergents, tensioactifs, inhiber, l'cotoxicologie, la chimie de l'environnement, l'eau, la durabilit; aquatiques, les cosystmes d'eau douce, marins, les ressources, la scurit environnementale, biodiversit, la protection, la conservation , les services, l'hydrosphre, la

pollution, le contrle, carbone, azote, phosphore, silicium, aluminium, C, N, P, Si, Al, le climat, le changement, rchauffement global, la prvention, l'environnement, la protection, C N P ; Questions which were answered in this series of publications (http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/): Besides microorganisms, do other organisms play a key role in improving water quality? Which processes are the main ones which contribute to water self-purification? Which organisms play key roles in improving water quality in aquatic ecosystems? Which organisms, freshwater or marine are more involved in improving water quality? How biological, chemical and physical processes are interacting in ecosystem in improving water quality? Is it possible to organize a multitude of factors and processes of water self-purification into a few groups (categories, blocks)? Is the self-purification potential of an aquatic ecosystem a certain constant or a labile parameter? Is the mechanism of water self-purification vulnerable to external impact on the aquatic ecosystem, e.g. to the impact of chemical pollution with synthetic chemicals? Answer was given in the papers see online: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; Fragen, die in dieser Reihe von Verffentlichungen (http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/) beantwortet wurden: Neben Mikroorganismen, wie andere Organismen spielen eine wichtige Rolle bei der Verbesserung der Wasserqualitt? Welche Prozesse sind die wichtigsten sind, die zu Wasser Selbstreinigung beitragen? Welche Organismen eine wichtige Rolle spielen bei der Verbesserung der Wasserqualitt in aquatischen kosystemen? Welche Organismen, S-oder marine sind strker in die Verbesserung der Wasserqualitt? Wie biologische, chemische und physikalische Prozesse in kosystemen interagieren in die Verbesserung der Wasserqualitt? Ist es mglich, eine Vielzahl von Faktoren und Prozesse der Wasser-Selbst-Reinigung in ein paar Gruppen (Kategorien, Blcke) zu organisieren? Ist die Selbst-Reinigung Potenzial eines aquatischen kosystems eine gewisse Konstante oder eine labile Parameter? Ist der Mechanismus der Wasser Selbstreinigung anfllig fr externe Auswirkungen auf das aquatische kosystem, z. B. um die Auswirkungen der chemischen Verschmutzung mit synthetischen Chemikalien? Antwort war in der gegebenen Papiere-see online: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; Preguntas que fueron contestadas en esta serie de publicaciones (http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/): Adems de los microorganismos, hacen otros organismos desempean un papel clave en la mejora de la calidad del agua? Qu procesos son los principales que contribuyen a la autodepuracin del agua? Qu organismos desempean un papel clave en la mejora de la calidad del agua en los ecosistemas acuticos? Que los organismos de agua dulce o marinos estn ms involucrados en la mejora de la calidad del agua? Cmo biolgicos, procesos qumicos y fsicos que interactan en el ecosistema en la mejora de la calidad del agua?

Es posible organizar una multitud de factores y procesos de auto-purificacin del agua en unos pocos grupos (categoras, bloques)? Es el potencial de auto-depuracin de un ecosistema acutico cierta constante o un parmetro lbil? Es el mecanismo de auto-purificacin de agua vulnerables a los impactos externos sobre el ecosistema acutico, por ejemplo, a los efectos de la contaminacin qumica de los productos qumicos sintticos? Respuesta fue dada en los peridicos, ver en lnea: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/;http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/ http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/ http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; Les questions qui ont rpondu cette srie de publications (http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/): Outre les micro-organismes, ne autres organismes jouent un rle cl dans l'amlioration de la qualit de l'eau? Quels sont les processus les principaux qui contribuent l'auto-puration de l'eau? Quels organismes jouent un rle cl dans l'amlioration de la qualit de l'eau dans les cosystmes aquatiques? Quels sont les organismes d'eau douce ou marines sont plus impliqus dans l'amlioration de la qualit de l'eau? Comment les processus biologiques, chimiques et physiques sont en interaction dans les cosystmes dans l'amlioration de la qualit de l'eau? Est-il possible d'organiser une multitude de facteurs et de processus d'auto-purification de l'eau en quelques groupes (catgories, blocs)? Est le potentiel d'auto-purification d'un cosystme aquatique une certaine constante ou un paramtre labiles? Est le mcanisme de l'auto-puration de l'eau vulnrables aux chocs externes sur l'cosystme aquatique, par exemple l'impact de la pollution chimique avec des produits chimiques de synthse? Rponse a t donne dans les journaux-Voir en ligne: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/;

Pertanyaan yang dijawab dalam seri publikasi (http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/): Selain mikroorganisme, lakukan organisme lain memainkan peran kunci dalam meningkatkan kualitas air? Yang proses adalah yang utama yang berkontribusi terhadap air pemurnian diri? Organisme yang memainkan peran kunci dalam meningkatkan kualitas air di ekosistem perairan? Yang organisme, air tawar atau laut lebih terlibat dalam meningkatkan kualitas air? Bagaimana biologi, kimia dan fisik proses yang berinteraksi dalam ekosistem dalam meningkatkan kualitas air? Apakah mungkin untuk mengatur banyak faktor dan proses air pemurnian diri menjadi beberapa kelompok (kategori, blok)? Apakah potensi pemurnian diri dari ekosistem perairan konstan tertentu atau parameter labil? Apakah mekanisme air pemurnian diri rentan terhadap dampak eksternal pada ekosistem perairan, misalnya terhadap dampak polusi kimia dengan bahan kimia sintetik? Jawaban diberikan di koran-lihat online: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; ( http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/) : ) ( : http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/ , (http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/): , ? ? ? ? , ? 3-4 (, )? ? , , , ? , . : http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/;