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http://www.scribd.

com/doc/60659939/;

Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water selfpurification)
[Series: Legendary Discoveries. Item 1]; additional key words: ecotoxicology, environmental chemistry, water, sustainability; aquatic, ecosystems, freshwater, marine, resources, environmental safety, biodiversity, protection, conservation, services, hydrosphere, pollution, control, prevention, habitats, decontamination, water quality, self-purification, pollutants, biological, processes, anthropogenic, effects, Updated August 20, 2011. Questions which were answered in this series of publications (http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/): Besides microorganisms, do other organisms play a key role in improving water quality? Which processes are the main ones which contribute to water self-purification? Which organisms play key roles in improving water quality in aquatic ecosystems? Which organisms, freshwater or marine are more involved in improving water quality? How biological, chemical and physical processes are interacting in ecosystem in improving water quality? Is it possible to organize a multitude of factors and processes of water self-purification into a few groups (categories, blocks)? Is the self-purification potential of an aquatic ecosystem a certain constant or a labile parameter? Is the mechanism of water self-purification vulnerable to external impact on the aquatic ecosystem, e.g. to the impact of chemical pollution with synthetic chemicals? Answer was given in the papers –see online: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/;

Innovation / Discovery

Why it is useful

Who cited papers presenting various aspects of this innovation
Integrated outdoor culture of two estuarine macroalgae as biofilters for dissolved nutrients from Sparus auratus waste waters. I. Hernandez, MA Fernández-Engo… - Journal of Applied …, 2005 – Springer; Ignacio Hernández ∗ , M. Angeles FernándezEngo, J. Lucas Pérez-Lloréns & Juan J. Vergara; Area de Ecologıa, Universidad de Cádiz, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y Ambientales, 11510; Spain Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain; ** Samal, N. R.; Mazumdar, A.; Johnk, K. D.; Peeters, F. Assessment of ecosystem health of tropical shallow waterbodies in eastern India using turbulence model. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, Volume 12, Number 2, 2009 , pp. 215-225; ** REN Rui-li ,LIU Mao-song ,ZHANG Jieming ,ZHANG Ming,XU Mei. Chinese Journal of Ecology,2007,26(8):12221227. **

An innovative conceptualizatio n of the key role of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in improving water quality; A new conceptualizatio n of water selfpurification in aquatic (both marine and freshwater) ecosystems

To create an energy-saving, no-greenhousegas technology for water treatment; To create a costeffective technology to treat water; A new reationale for nature conservation, and biodiversity protection; To ensure water sustainability

Where this innovation / discovery was published Ostroumov S.A. Polyfunctional role of biodiversity in processes leading to water purification: current conceptualizations and concluding remarks. Hydrobiologia, 2002, 469: 203-204.
DOI 10.1007/s10750-0041875-1; Full text free: http://www.scribd.com/doc/5 2627327/2H469p203Polyfunctional-role-w-

Intra-basin spatial approach on pollution load estimation in a large Mediterranean river. Chatzinikolaou, Y. ; Ioannou, A. ; Lazaridou, M. Desalination. Vol. 250, no. 1, pp. 118-129. ** Estimation of critical nutrient amounts based on input-output analysis in an agriculture watershed of eastern China. Chen, D.; Lu, J., Shen, Y., Dahlgren, R.A., Jin, S. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment [Agric., Ecosyst. Environ.]. 2009. Vol. 134, no. 3-4, pp. 159-167. And other publications;

Addendum; http://scipeople.com/uploads/ materials/4389/2H469p203.P olyfunctional.role.w.Addend um.rtf; **

On the biotic selfpurification of aquatic ecosystems: elements of the theory. S.A. Ostroumov. Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 396, 2004, pp. 206–211.
http://www.scribd.com/doc/4 8099028/ ;

OTHER EXAMPLES OF KEY DISCOVERIES in ecology, environmental sciences, biology: [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 1]: Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water self-purification): http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; Key papers: http://www.scribd.com/doc/52627327/2H469p203-Polyfunctional-role-w-Addendum; http://www.scribd.com/doc/48099028/; **[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 2]: New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60757545/, additional key words: book, detergents, surfactants, Key publication: http://www.crcpress.com/product/isbn/9780849325267 **[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 3]: Inhibitory analysis: New method to explore top-down control in ecosystems: eutrophication, algal bloom, self-purification: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61179989/3-Legendary-discoveries-top-Down-Control-Inhibitory-analysis; Key paper: http://www.moip.msu.ru/?p=154; ** [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 4]: New: a solution to the problem of criteria for ecohazards of chemicals, and negative anthropogenic effects on organisms and biota: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60891549/; Key papers: http://sites.google.com/site/2000dbs371p204criteria/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/49088234; And: http://www.scribd.com/doc/52636721/; **[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 5]: A new solution to the problem of eutrophication: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61241602/ Text of the key paper: http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065550/; ** [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 6]: New Measurements. Role of Pellets of Mollusks in Fluxes of Chemical Elements. [pellets are small pieces, aggregates of organic matter excreted by invertebrates after filtering the suspended organic matter and plankton out from water] http://www.scribd.com/doc/61247059/; Text of the key paper: scribd.com/doc/49065604; http://www.scribd.com/doc/45911730; http://b23.ru/ndgz; **[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 7]: New Discovery: Pollutants Inhibit Fluxes of Chemical Elements: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61251644/; Text of the key paper:
www.scribd.com/doc/49065530/;

*[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 8]: New Discovery: BIOMACHINERY. Example: biomachinery of improving water quality (self-purification) in aquatic (freshwater and marine) ecosystems: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61779321/; Texts of the key papers: http://www.scribd.com/doc/44105992/;
www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/100141.pdf;

**[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries, Innovations. Item 9]: A new improved definition of the term ‘ecosystem’: http://www.scribd.com/doc/62076114/; Key paper: http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065580; The new definition that was proposed in this publication is in accord with the comment about ecosystems given by Prof. P.Ehrlich. **[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries, Innovations. Item 10]: Toward new phytotechnology of water treatment: the plant Ceratophyllum demersum removes lead, cadmium and 2 other heavy metals from water: http://www.scribd.com/doc/62146380/; Key paper: http://www.getcited.org/pub/103493773; **[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries, Innovations. Item 11]: A solution to the enigma of stability of the biosphere, the balance in ecology, the sustainability of the natural environment: http://www.scribd.com/doc/62333244/; **Item 12: Chemical and molecular regulation and self-organization in the biosphere. Ecological chemomediators, ecological chemoregulators: See: On the Concepts of Biochemical Ecology and Hydrobiology: Ecological Chemomediators. Contemporary Problems of Ecology, 2008, Vol. 1, No. 2, p. 238–244. http://scipeople.com/publication/67236/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/41634664; http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5465_ConceptsEcologicalChemomedia tors; **Item 13: New hazards from low-level (sublethal) chemical pollution. Inhibition of activity of filter-feeders, and as a result, a decrease in efficiency of self-purification of water. See relevant information in publications that are mentioned here: Item 8: New Discovery: BIOMACHINERY. Example: biomachinery of improving water quality (self-purification) in aquatic (freshwater and marine) ecosystems: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61779321/; Item 1: Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water self-purification) http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; Item 2: New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60757545/ ; **Item 14. Discovery of a group of situations where environmental pollution by a man-made chemical make a hazard of breaking an important link between components of ecosystems See the paper: A New Type of Effect of Potentially Hazardous Substances: Uncouplers of Pelagial– Benthal Coupling .- Doklady Biological Sciences 2002, v.383, No.1-6; pp.127-130. http://www.scribd.com/doc/45913695/A-new-Type-of-Effect-2DBS-fulltext;
http://sites.google.com/site/ostroumovsergei/publications-1/new-type-of-action-of-potentially-hazardous-chemicals-uncouplers-of-pelagial-benthalcoupling-novyi-tip-deistviya-potentzialno-opasnykh-veshchestv-razobshchiteli-pelagialno-bentalnogo-sopryazheniya--dan-2002-v-383-no-1-p138-141; http://sites.google.com/site/ostroumovsergei/publications-1/a-new-type-of-effect-of-potentially-hazardous-substances-uncouplers-of-pelagialbenthalcoupling---doklady-biological-sciences-2002-vol-383-1-6; http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/179_A_new_type_of_effect_of_potentially_hazardous_substances_uncouplers_of_pelagi albenthal_coupling; http://www.researchgate.net/publication/11319341_A_new_type_of_effect_of_potentially_hazardous_substances_uncouplers_of_pelagialbenthal_coupling;

scipeople.ru/group/341/topic/1395/; www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12053562; www.springerlink.com/index/28v23jbfadl1y100.pdf;

**Item 15. Discovery of a new mechanism of how life (living organisms) adjust or condition some vital chemical parameters of the environment, and decrease toxicity of the environment. Ostroumov S.A. Some issues of chemico-biotic interactions and the new in the teaching on the biosphere / series: Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions. Volume 17. Moscow, MAX Press, 2011. – 20 p. ISBN 978-5-317-03710-9. http://scipeople.ru/publication/102875/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/57818520/; [In Russian: Остроумов С.А. Некоторые вопросы химико-биотических взаимодействий и новое в учении о биосфере / серия: Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions. Volume 17. М.: МАКС Пресс, 2011. - 20 с. ISBN 978-5-317-03710-9. Предложена новая типология основных видов вещества, выявлен новый тип вещества] **Item 16. New concepts ant terms: two-level synergism of man-made effects; synecological summation of man-made effects: “synecological summation” or “synergistic summation” of anthropogenic effects on organisms of two adjacent trophic levels: Ostroumov S.A. The hazard of a two-level synergism of synecological summation of anthropogenic effects. - Doklady Biological Sciences. 2001; 380: 499-501. http://sites.google.com/site/2001dbs380p499synerg/; Danbio52.2001v380p847.E.2 level.synergism Paper: Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001, vol. 380, (Russian edition: Doklady Akademii Nauk, 2001, vol. 380, p.847); two-level synergism; S.A.Ostroumov; http://b23.ru/n1dk = http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065634/Danbio52-2001v380p847-E-2levelsynergism; **Item 17: Finding of a new factor that may initiate algal blooms (also red tides, brown tides, blooms of cyanobacteria): Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification. – Hydrobiologia. 2002, vol. 469, p. 117-129; http://www.scribd.com/doc/52598579/; http://b23.ru/nwmb; The Synecological Approach to the Problem of Eutrophication. - Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 381, 2001, pp. 559–562; http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065550/; A list of other fundamental discoveries: http://www.scribd.com/doc/59437439/; CITATION: Scientists of which countries cited those discoveries: http://www.scribd.com/doc/54504932/-Table-worldWideCiting3-05; Scientists of which institutions cited those discoveries: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60225505/ A list of who cited those discoveries: http://www.scribd.com/doc/58228788/; Citation of publications authored by S.A.Ostroumov /Цитирование публикаций д.б.н. С.А.Остроумова Updt/Дополнено… http://www.scribd.com/doc/58353188/Cited-ostroumov-big-Listupd-June21-2011-Nov8; OTHER EVALUATIONS of works of this author:

Evidence of merit. Comments in published editions, reviews; other forms of evaluation of publications and works by Dr. S. A. Ostroumov: http://www.scribd.com/doc/59068679/; On the book: Ostroumov S.A. Introduction to Biochemical Ecology. Moscow University Press, 1986: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/4575; Reviews, evaluations of books by Dr. S. Ostroumov: http://www.scribd.com/doc/45111401/; About the publications by S.A. Ostroumov (opinion of a member of Russian Academy of Sciences): http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5724; Opinion on and rating of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov’s works: comments of international experts of 10+ countries, citation in scientific literature worldwide. Updated: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/7034; About the author: http://www.famous-scientists.ru/3732/; On Twitter: http://twitter.com/Sergeiost;

Additional references and sites: a series of relevant papers by the same author, in Doklady Biological Sciences and other journals: www.scribd.com/ar55/documents?page=7; List of relevant papers with sites, abstracts, and key words – online free (39 pages): http://www.scribd.com/doc/46454069/List-scribd-7January2011; List of relevant papers with sites, some of them with abstracts, and key words – online free (6 pages): http://www.scribd.com/doc/50651350/-PAPERS-online-S-Ostro; MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION : The discoveries and made by this author, and the new factual data generated have a proved innovative potential to be used as a refreshing addition to the following lecture courses and educational seminars on a number of subjects including: Environmental monitoring; Environmental sciences ; Environmental studies ; Environmental chemistry ; Environmental toxicology ; Environmental ethics ; Environmental protection ; Environmental conservation ; Environmental policy ; Environmental management ; Environmental engineering ; Ecology ; Ecotoxicology; Aquatic science;

Sustainability ; Biotechnology ; Limnology ; Zoology ; Pollution ; Water quality ; Biosphere ; Aquatic bioresources ; Biodiversity conservation ; Conservation biology ; Biochemical ecology ; Chemical ecology ; Ecological chemistry ; Bioassay ; Assessment of environmental hazards ; Man-made effects ; Anthropogenic impact ; Natural resources ; Eco-ethics ; Nanomaterials ; Nanoscience ; Biogeochemistry ; Geochemistry ; Phytotechnology ; Phytoremediation ; Aquatic ecosystems ; Biological oceanography ; Water resources ; Water pollution ; Organic pollutants ; Soil, water and air pollution ; Inorganic pollutants ; Applied ecology ; Xenobiology ; Xenobiotics ; Invertebrates ; Freshwater biology ; Marine biology ; Plant-animal interactions ; Conservation of nature ; Hydrobiology ; Aquatic ecology ; Biotesting ; Phytotest ; Plant biology ; Biotransformation ; Global change ; Interactions among organisms ;

Toxicology of environment ; Protected areas ; Some of Dr. S. Ostroumov’s scientific results were used in lectures delivered to university students in the U.S.A., Germany, Netherlands, and other countries. More detail on how Dr. S. Ostroumov’s publications are being used to modernize education: http://www.scribd.com/doc/53784108/Modernizing-education-Ostroumov; http://b23.ru/nlov; ** MORE KEY WORDS IN OTHER LANGUAGES (the series of publications of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov): биогеохимия, пеллеты, новый, химические элементы, потоки, методология, двустворчатые моллюски, моллюски, моющие средства, поверхностно-активные вещества, подавляют, экотоксикология, экологическая химия, вода, устойчивость; водные, экосистемы, пресноводные, морские, ресурсы, экобезопасность, биоразнообразие, охрана, сохранение, экосистемные услуги, гидросфера, загрязнение, окружающей среды, контроль, углерод, азот, фосфор, кремний, алюминий, C, N, P, Si, Al, климата, изменения, глобальное, потепление, профилактика, охрана окружающей среды, защита, предотвращение; Biogeochemie, Pellets, neue, chemische Elemente, Flussmittel, Methodik, Muscheln, Weichtieren, Waschmittel, Tenside, hemmen, Ökotoxikologie, Umwelt-Chemie, Wasser, Nachhaltigkeit, aquatische, Ökosysteme, Süßwasser-, Meeres-, Ressourcen, ecosafety, Biodiversität, Schutz, Erhaltung, Dienstleistungen, Hydrosphäre, Umweltverschmutzung, Steuer-, Kohlenstoff, Stickstoff, Phosphor, Silizium, Aluminium, C, N, P, Si, Al, Klimawandel, globale, Erwärmung, Prävention, Umwelt-, Schutz-, 生物地球化学、ペレット、新しい、化学元素、フラックス、方法論、二枚貝、軟体動物、洗剤 、界面活性剤、阻害、生態毒性、環境化学、水、持続可能性、水生、生態系、淡水、海洋、資 源、ecosafety、生物多様性、保護、保全、サービス、水圏、汚染、制御、炭素、窒素、リン、 ケイ素、アルミニウム、C、N、P、Siの、アル、気候、変化、地球、温暖化、防止、環境、保 護、; 生物地球化学,球团,新的化学元素,助焊剂,方法,双壳类,软体动物,洗涤剂,表面活性剂 ,抑制,生态毒理学,环境化学,水,可持续发展;水产,生态系统,淡水,海洋,资源,环境安 全,生物多样性,保护,养护,服务,水圈,污染控制,碳,氮,磷,硅,铝,碳,氮,磷,硅 ,铝,气候,变化,全球性的气候变暖,预防,环境,保护, biogeoquímica, pellets, nuevos, elementos químicos, los flujos, la metodología, los bivalvos, moluscos, detergentes, surfactantes, inhibir, ecotoxicología, química ambiental, el agua, la sostenibilidad, acuáticos, los ecosistemas de agua dulce, marinos, recursos, seguridad ambiental, la biodiversidad, la protección, conservación , los servicios, la hidrosfera, la contaminación, control, carbono, nitrógeno, fósforo, silicio, aluminio, C, N, P, Si, Al, el clima, el cambio, el calentamiento global, la prevención, medio ambiente, protección, biogéochimie, des pastilles, de nouvelles, les éléments chimiques, des flux, la méthodologie, les bivalves, les mollusques, les détergents, tensioactifs, inhiber, l'écotoxicologie, la chimie de l'environnement, l'eau, la durabilité; aquatiques, les écosystèmes d'eau douce, marins, les ressources, la sécurité environnementale, biodiversité, la protection, la conservation , les services, l'hydrosphère, la

pollution, le contrôle, carbone, azote, phosphore, silicium, aluminium, C, N, P, Si, Al, le climat, le changement, réchauffement global, la prévention, l'environnement, la protection, ‫ان صذف ز ٍُ رواد ، وان ً ُهج ُخ ان زذف قبد،و ، ان ك ًُ ُبئ ُخ وان ؼ ُب صش جذَ ذح، وان كشَ بد، ،ن ج ُىج ُىك ًُ ُبئ ُخ‬ ‫وان ُظى ان ًبئ ُخ واال س زذايخ؛ وان ً ُبِ، ،ان ج ُ ئ ُخ ان ك ًُ ُبءو ، ان سً ُخ ور ً ُغ، ان سطحٍ،و وان ً ُظ فبد وان شخىَ بد‬ ‫و ص ُبَ خ وحًبَ خ ان ج ُىن ىجٍ، وان ز ُىع ،ان ج ُ ئ ُخ وان س اليخ وان ًىاسد، ،وان جحشَ خ ان ؼزث خ وان ً ُبِ ،ان ج ُ ئ ُخ‬ ‫ان س ُ ه ُ كىٌو وان فى س فىس ان ُ ُ زشوج ٍُو وان كشث ىٌ ويشاق جخ وان ز هىس، ان ًبئ ٍ، ان غ الفو ، وان خذيبد‬ ‫ ،واألن ً ُ ُىو‬C، N، P ، ٍ‫;وان ً ُبخ، ششك خ، ، س‬ Questions which were answered in this series of publications (http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/): Besides microorganisms, do other organisms play a key role in improving water quality? Which processes are the main ones which contribute to water self-purification? Which organisms play key roles in improving water quality in aquatic ecosystems? Which organisms, freshwater or marine are more involved in improving water quality? How biological, chemical and physical processes are interacting in ecosystem in improving water quality? Is it possible to organize a multitude of factors and processes of water self-purification into a few groups (categories, blocks)? Is the self-purification potential of an aquatic ecosystem a certain constant or a labile parameter? Is the mechanism of water self-purification vulnerable to external impact on the aquatic ecosystem, e.g. to the impact of chemical pollution with synthetic chemicals? Answer was given in the papers –see online: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; Fragen, die in dieser Reihe von Veröffentlichungen (http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/) beantwortet wurden: Neben Mikroorganismen, wie andere Organismen spielen eine wichtige Rolle bei der Verbesserung der Wasserqualität? Welche Prozesse sind die wichtigsten sind, die zu Wasser Selbstreinigung beitragen? Welche Organismen eine wichtige Rolle spielen bei der Verbesserung der Wasserqualität in aquatischen Ökosystemen? Welche Organismen, Süß-oder marine sind stärker in die Verbesserung der Wasserqualität? Wie biologische, chemische und physikalische Prozesse in Ökosystemen interagieren in die Verbesserung der Wasserqualität? Ist es möglich, eine Vielzahl von Faktoren und Prozesse der Wasser-Selbst-Reinigung in ein paar Gruppen (Kategorien, Blöcke) zu organisieren? Ist die Selbst-Reinigung Potenzial eines aquatischen Ökosystems eine gewisse Konstante oder eine labile Parameter? Ist der Mechanismus der Wasser Selbstreinigung anfällig für externe Auswirkungen auf das aquatische Ökosystem, z. B. um die Auswirkungen der chemischen Verschmutzung mit synthetischen Chemikalien? Antwort war in der gegebenen Papiere-see online: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; Preguntas que fueron contestadas en esta serie de publicaciones (http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/): Además de los microorganismos, hacen otros organismos desempeñan un papel clave en la mejora de la calidad del agua? ¿Qué procesos son los principales que contribuyen a la autodepuración del agua? ¿Qué organismos desempeñan un papel clave en la mejora de la calidad del agua en los ecosistemas acuáticos? Que los organismos de agua dulce o marinos están más involucrados en la mejora de la calidad del agua? ¿Cómo biológicos, procesos químicos y físicos que interactúan en el ecosistema en la mejora de la calidad del agua?

¿Es posible organizar una multitud de factores y procesos de auto-purificación del agua en unos pocos grupos (categorías, bloques)? Es el potencial de auto-depuración de un ecosistema acuático cierta constante o un parámetro lábil? Es el mecanismo de auto-purificación de agua vulnerables a los impactos externos sobre el ecosistema acuático, por ejemplo, a los efectos de la contaminación química de los productos químicos sintéticos? Respuesta fue dada en los periódicos, ver en línea: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/;这是在这一系列出版物(http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/ )回答的问题: 此外微生物,做其他生物在改善水质方面发挥关键作用? 哪些进程是这有助于水体自净主要的呢? 生物体在改善水生生态系统的水质量的关键角色? 其中生物,淡水或海洋更在改善水质的工作? 如何生物,化学和物理过程的相互作用的生态系统,改善水质? 是否可以组织成一个(类,块)少数群体的因素和水体自净过程的众多? 是一个水生生态系统在一定常数或不稳定参数自净潜力? 是水的自净机制,容易对水生生态系统,如外部影响对化学污染,人工合成化学物质的影响? 答案是在给定的文件,在网上看到:http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; 这是在这一系列出版物(http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/)回答的问题: 此外微生物,做其他生物在改善水质方面发挥关键作用? 哪些进程是这有助于水体自净主要的呢? 生物体在改善水生生态系统的水质量的关键角色? 其中生物,淡水或海洋更在改善水质的工作? 如何生物,化学和物理过程的相互作用的生态系统,改善水质? 是否可以组织成一个(类,块)少数群体的因素和水体自净过程的众多? 是一个水生生态系统在一定常数或不稳定参数自净潜力? 是水的自净机制,容易对水生生态系统,如外部影响对化学污染,人工合成化学物质的影响? 答案是在给定的文件,在网上看到:http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; Les questions qui ont répondu à cette série de publications (http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/): Outre les micro-organismes, ne autres organismes jouent un rôle clé dans l'amélioration de la qualité de l'eau? Quels sont les processus les principaux qui contribuent à l'auto-épuration de l'eau? Quels organismes jouent un rôle clé dans l'amélioration de la qualité de l'eau dans les écosystèmes aquatiques? Quels sont les organismes d'eau douce ou marines sont plus impliqués dans l'amélioration de la qualité de l'eau? Comment les processus biologiques, chimiques et physiques sont en interaction dans les écosystèmes dans l'amélioration de la qualité de l'eau? Est-il possible d'organiser une multitude de facteurs et de processus d'auto-purification de l'eau en quelques groupes (catégories, blocs)? Est le potentiel d'auto-purification d'un écosystème aquatique une certaine constante ou un paramètre labiles? Est le mécanisme de l'auto-épuration de l'eau vulnérables aux chocs externes sur l'écosystème aquatique, par exemple à l'impact de la pollution chimique avec des produits chimiques de synthèse? Réponse a été donnée dans les journaux-Voir en ligne: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/;

Pertanyaan yang dijawab dalam seri publikasi (http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/): Selain mikroorganisme, lakukan organisme lain memainkan peran kunci dalam meningkatkan kualitas air? Yang proses adalah yang utama yang berkontribusi terhadap air pemurnian diri? Organisme yang memainkan peran kunci dalam meningkatkan kualitas air di ekosistem perairan? Yang organisme, air tawar atau laut lebih terlibat dalam meningkatkan kualitas air? Bagaimana biologi, kimia dan fisik proses yang berinteraksi dalam ekosistem dalam meningkatkan kualitas air? Apakah mungkin untuk mengatur banyak faktor dan proses air pemurnian diri menjadi beberapa kelompok (kategori, blok)? Apakah potensi pemurnian diri dari ekosistem perairan konstan tertentu atau parameter labil? Apakah mekanisme air pemurnian diri rentan terhadap dampak eksternal pada ekosistem perairan, misalnya terhadap dampak polusi kimia dengan bahan kimia sintetik? Jawaban diberikan di koran-lihat online: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; ‫( ان ً ُ شىساد يٍ ان س ه س هخ هزِ ف ٍ ػ ه ُهب اإلج بث خ ر ى ان زٍ األ س ئ هخ‬http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/) : ‫َ ىػ ُخ ر ح س ٍُ ف ٍ سئ ُ س ُب دوسا ر ه ؼت ال األخ شي ان ح ُخ ان كبئ ُبدو ، ان ذق ُ قخ ان كبئ ُبد إن ً ث بإل ضبف خ‬ ِ‫؟ان ً ُب‬ ‫؟ان زار ٍ ان ً ُبِ ر ُ ق ُخ ف ٍ َ سهى ان زٌ ان شئ ُ سٍ هى ان زٍ ان ؼً ه ُبد‬ ‫؟ان ًبئ ُخ اإلَ كىن ىج ُخ ان ُظى ف ٍ ان ً ُبِ َ ىػ ُخ ر ح س ٍُ ف ٍ سئ ُ س ُب دوسا ر ه ؼت ان زٍ ان كبئ ُبد‬ ٌ‫؟ان ً ُبِ َ ىػ ُخ ر ح س ٍُ ف ٍ اَ خشاطب أك ثش هٍ ان جحشَ خ أو ان ؼزث خ ان ً ُبِو ، ان ح ُخ ان كبئ ُبد ان ز‬ ‫َ ىػ ُخ ر ح س ٍُ ف ٍ ان ج ُ ئٍ ان ُظبو ف ٍ ان ز فبػم ػً ه ُبدو ان ف ُزَ بئ ُخو وان ك ًُ ُبئ ُخ ان ج ُىن ىج ُخ ك ُف‬ ِ‫؟ان ً ُب‬ ‫؟)وك زم ف ئبد( ق ه ُ هخ يجًىػبد ف ٍ ان زار ٍ ان ً ُبِ ر ُ ق ُخ ػً ه ُبدو ان ؼىايم يٍ ان ؼذَ ذ ر ُظى أٌ ان ًً كٍ يٍ هم‬ ‫؟ػطىة يؼ هًخ أو يؼ ٍُ ث بث ذ ان ًبئ ٍ ان ج ُ ئٍ ان ُظبو ر ُ ق ُخ ان زار ُخ اي كبَ بر هب هى‬ ٍ‫ان ً ثبل س ج ُم ػ هً ،ان ًبئ ُخ اإلَ كىن ىج ُخ ان ُظى ػ هً ان خبسجٍ ر أث ُشن م ػش ضخ ان زار ٍ ان ً ُبِ ن ز ُ ق ُخ آن ُخ ه‬ ‫؟اال صط ُبػ ُخ ان ك ًُ ُبئ ُخ ان ًىاد يغ ان ك ًُ ُبئ ٍ ان ز هىس ألث ش‬ ‫ : االَ زشَ ذ ػ هً ان زشق ت أوساق ف ٍ ان جىاة أػط ُذ‬http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/‫؛‬ Вопросы, на которые были даны дополнительные ответы в серии публикаций (http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/): Помимо микроорганизмов, другие организмы играют существенную роль в улучшении качества воды? Какие процессы наиболее существенно способствуют самоочищения воды? Какие организмы играют ключевую роль в повышении качества воды в водных экосистемах? Организмы пресноводных или морских экосистем больше вовлечены в улучшение качества воды? Как биологические, химические и физические процессы взаимодействия в экосистеме по улучшению качества воды? Можно ли подразделить множество факторов и процессов самоочищения воды на 3-4 группы (категории, блоки)? самоочистительный потенциал водной экосистемы – это некоторая постоянная величина или лабильный параметр? Является ли механизм самоочищения воды уязвимым к внешним воздействиям на водные экосистемы, например, к воздействию химических загрязнений, синтетических химических веществ? Ответ был дан в работах, см. на сайте: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/;