You are on page 1of 153

4T60-E

HYDRA-MATIC

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 HOW TO USE THIS BOOK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 UNDERSTANDING THE GRAPHICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 TRANSMISSION CUTAWAY VIEW (FOLDOUT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 GENERAL DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9A MAJOR MECHANICAL COMPONENTS (FOLDOUT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 RANGE REFERENCE CHART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 TORQUE CONVERTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 APPLY COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 PLANETARY GEAR SETS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 POWER FLOW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 LUBRICATION POINTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 BUSHING, BEARING & WASHER LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 SEAL LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 ILLUSTRATED PARTS LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 BASIC SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 PRODUCT DESIGNATION SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 GLOSSARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 ABBREVIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 NOTES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123

PREFACE
The Hydra-matic 4T60-E Technicians Guide is intended for automotive technicians that are familiar with the operation of an automatic transaxle or transmission. Technicians or other persons not having automatic transaxle or transmission know-how may find this publication somewhat technically complex if additional instruction is not provided. Since the intent of this book is to explain the fundamental mechanical, hydraulic and electrical operating principles, technical terms used herein are specific to the transmission industry. However, words commonly associated with the specific transaxle or transmission function have been defined in a Glossary rather than within the text of this book. The Hydra-matic 4T60-E Technicians Guide is also intended to assist technicians during the service, diagnosis and repair of this transaxle. However, this book is not intended to be a substitute for other General Motors service publications that are normally used on the job. Since there is a wide range of repair procedures and technical specifications specific to certain vehicles and transaxle models, the proper service publication must be referred to when servicing the Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle.

COPYRIGHT 1993 POWERTRAIN GROUP General Motors Corporation ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

All information contained in this book is based on the latest data available at the time of publication approval. The right is reserved to make product or publication changes, at any time, without notice. No part of any GM Powertrain publication may be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, including but not limited to electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Powertrain Group of General Motors Corporation. This includes all text, illustrations, tables and charts.

INTRODUCTION
The Hydra-matic 4T60-E Technicians Guide is another Powertrain publication from the Technicians Guide series of books. The purpose of this publication, as is the case with other Technicians Guides, is to provide complete information on the theoretical operating characteristics of this transaxle. Operational theories of the mechanical, hydraulic and electrical components are presented in a sequential and functional order to better explain their operation as part of the system. In the first section of this book entitled Principles of Operation, exacting explanations of the major components and their functions are presented. In every situation possible, text describes component operation during the apply and release cycle as well as situations where it has no effect at all. The descriptive text is then supported by numerous graphic illustrations to further emphasize the operational theories presented. The second major section entitled Power Flow, blends the information presented in the Principles of Operation section into the complete transaxle assembly. The transfer of torque from the engine through the transaxle is graphically displayed on a full page while a narrative description is provided on a facing half page. The opposite side of the half page contains the narrative description of the hydraulic fluid as it applies components or shifts valves in the system. Facing this partial page is a hydraulic schematic that shows the position of valves, checkballs, etc., as they function in a specific gear range. The third major section of this book displays the Complete Hydraulic Circuit for specific gear ranges. Fold-out pages containing fluid flow schematics and two dimensional illustrations of major components graphically display hydraulic circuits. This information is extremely useful when tracing fluid circuits for learning or diagnosis purposes. The Appendix section of this book provides additional transaxle information regarding lubrication circuits, seal locations, illustrated parts lists and more. Although this information is available in current model year Service Manuals, its inclusion provides for a quick reference guide that is useful to the technician. Production of the Hydra-matic 4T60-E Technicians Guide was made possible through the combined efforts of many staff areas within the General Motors Powertrain Division. As a result, the Hydra-matic 4T60-E Technicians Guide was written to provide the user with the most current, concise and usable information available regarding this product.

HOW TO USE THIS BOOK


First time users of this book may find the page layout a little unusual or perhaps confusing. However, with a minimal amount of exposure to this format its usefulness becomes more obvious. If you are unfamiliar with this publication, the following guidelines are helpful in understanding the functional intent for the various page layouts: Read the following section, Understanding the Graphics to know how the graphic illustrations are used, particularly as they relate to the mechanical power flow and hydraulic controls (see Understanding the Graphics page 6). Unfold the cutaway illustration of the Hydramatic 4T60-E (page 8) and refer to it as you progress through each major section. This cutaway provides a quick reference of component location inside the transaxle assembly and their relationship to other components. The Principles of Operation section (beginning on page 9A) presents information regarding the major apply components and hydraulic control components used in this transaxle. This section describes how specific components work and interfaces with the sections that follow. The Power Flow section (beginning on page 49) presents the mechanical and hydraulic functions corresponding to specific gear ranges. This section builds on the information presented in the Principles of Operation section by showing specific fluid circuits that enable the mechanical components to operate. The mechanical power flow is graphically displayed on a full size page and is followed by a half page of descriptive text. The opposite side of the half page contains the narrative description of the hydraulic fluid as it applies components or moves valves in the system. Facing this partial page is a hydraulic schematic which shows the position of valves, checkballs, etc., as they function in a specific gear range. Also, located at the bottom of each half page is a reference to the Complete Hydraulic Circuit section that follows. The Complete Hydraulic Circuits section (beginning on page 75) details the entire hydraulic system. This is accomplished by using a fold-out circuit schematic with a facing page two dimensional fold-out drawing of each component. The circuit schematics and component drawings display only the fluid passages for that specific operating range. Finally, the Appendix section contains a schematic of the lubrication flow through the transaxle, disassembled view parts lists and transaxle specifications. This information has been included to provide the user with convenient reference information published in the appropriate vehicle Service Manuals. Since component parts lists and specifications may change over time, this information should be verified with Service Manual information.

HOW TO USE THIS BOOK

Figure 1

UNDERSTANDING THE GRAPHICS


MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32) CASE ASSEMBLY (3) REVERSE SERVO ASSEMBLY (39-49) TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

OIL PUMP BODY ASSEMBLY (200)

GASKET VALVE BODY/ SPACER PLATE (371)

GASKET SPACER PLATE/ CHANNEL PLATE (369)

CONTROL VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY (300)

SPACER PLATE (370)

CHANNEL PLATE ASSEMBLY (400)

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY (15-22) MANUAL 2/1 SERVO ASSEMBLY (103-115)

1-2 & 2-3 ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY (124-140)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

BOTTOM PAN (24)

Figure 2

The flow of transaxle fluid starts in the bottom pan and is drawn through the filter, case assembly, channel plate assembly, spacer plate and gaskets, control valve assembly and into oil pump assembly. This is a basic concept of fluid flow that can be understood by reviewing the illustrations provided in Figure 2. However, fluid may pass between the valve body, spacer plate, channel plate and other components many times before reaching a valve or applying a clutch. For this reason, the graphics are designed to show the exact location where fluid passes through a component and into other passages for specific gear range operation. To provide a better understanding of fluid flow in the Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle, the components involved with hydraulic control and fluid flow are illustrated in three major formats. Figure 3 (page 7-7A) provides an example of these formats which are:
6

A graphic schematic representation that displays valves, checkballs, orifices and so forth, required for the proper function of transaxle in a specific gear range. In the schematic drawings, fluid circuits are represented by straight line and orifices are represented by indentations in a circuit. All circuits are labeled and color coded to provide reference points between the schematic drawing and the two dimensional line drawing of the components. Figure 4 (page 7B) provides an illustration of a typical valve, bushing and valve train components. A brief description of valve operation is also provided to support the illustration. Figure 5 (page 7B) provides a color coded chart that references different fluid pressures used to operate the hydraulic control systems. A brief description of how fluid pressures affect valve operation is also provided.

A three dimensional line drawing of the component for easier part identification. A two dimensional line drawing of the component to indicate fluid passages and orifices.

UNDERSTANDING THE GRAPHICS


2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

EX

RELEASE

APPLY 3RD CL

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST

5a

LO-1ST

3RD CL

2ND CL

4TH CL

11b

6b

32a

46e

18g

48a

29a

29b

45a

19b

47a

14b

11a

19a

18k

2a

CONV FD

LO-1ST

LINE 2b

A SOL

CONV FD

LINE

PRN

LINE INPUT CL FEED INPUT CL FEED

LINE

D-4

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

30c

45b

47b

47c

#9

30d

18f

7a

SPACER PLATE (370)

10

11

12

49d

11c

30f

3a

2c

2f

20b

LO

#7

#5

#6

20a 19e

PRN

32b

18h

30e

16a

46c

46d

48b

19c

48c

GASKET (369)

46f

6a

#3

REVERSE

19d

5b

2d

2e

LINE

LO

REV SRVO

D SRV AP

EX

REV

D-4

FWD BST

REV BST

LO

REV

PRESS REG
EX

B SOL
EX N.O.

32d 46a 46b 32c 32e

33a

EX

LO

EX

INPUT CL

D-4

4TH

MOD LINE

LINE

13

#4

4b

3RD IN CL FD

SERVO APPLY

D-2

2ND CL

B SOL OFF

B SOL OFF

MOD

CONV FD

B SOL

18b 18c 43b

DECREASE

RELEASE

APPLY

EX

A SOL 2ND

4TH/4TH CL

D-3 D-2

D-4

LINE

LINE

EX

B SOL OFF D-4

EX

43a

D-2

3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

EX

EX

3RD CL

LINE SOL B OFF

14

3-4 ACCUM

B SOL OFF 3RD PWM FEED


PWM FEED

2ND

3RD

LINE

REGULATED LINE REG LINE


LINE CONV FEED

MOD

EX

10f 15 25c 225a 10g


16 25b

D-4

EX

D 2N

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

PWM MOD

10e

MOD

MOD

EX

CONV CL
EX

REG

SUCTION

PWM PWM MOD D-4 4TH OR 4TH CL 4TH EX

PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 AC

2-3 AC

EX

EX

MOD

D-4

D-4

EX

APPLY

CONV FD

22b

2-3 ACCUM

MOD

MOD

LINE

D-4

12a REG

4TH CL 40a

11d

2k

33

32

31

30 12b

29

28 9b

27 10m

26

25

24

23

22

21

26g

26h

18e

18n

18d

10a

34e

23b

#1
13b

38d

24c

10k

40b

8a

#10

20

19

26f

COOLER

MOD

EX

EX

EX

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (122)

SLOT IN GASKET

1-2 ACCUM D-4 2-3 ACC 2ND CL D-4 2-3 ACCUM

CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420) LINE

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

MOD

2ND CL BOTTOM PAN (24) EX


34

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

EX

EX

MOD

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE MODULATOR ACCUMULATOR A SOLENOID B SOLENOID

AIR BLEED

MOD

COOLER

LINE

EX

GRAPHIC SCHEMATIC REPRESENTATION

OIL PUMP BODY (202)

CONTROL VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY (300)

CHANNEL PLATE ASSEMBLY (400)

THREE DIMENSIONAL PUMP COVER SIDE

THREE DIMENSIONAL CHANNEL PLATE SIDE

THREE DIMENSIONAL VALVE BODY SIDE

TWO DIMENSIONAL

TWO DIMENSIONAL

TWO DIMENSIONAL

Figure 3

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

2ND 2ND

4TH CL MOD MOD 3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM 2ND CL SERVO APPLY COOLER
FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (124)

RELEASE

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

GASKET (369)

LUBE COOLER

18m

49a

34b

26d

30a

49b

10b

28c

24b

30b

11e

38a

26a

26e

13a

15a

24a

23a

26c

13c

34c

10c

49c

9a

8c

#2

26b 34a

8b

8d

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

28a

28b

14a

2h

38c

GASKET (371)

SPACER PLATE (370)

1-2 ACCUM

38b

34d

D-4

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

CHANNEL PLATE (400) CASE (3)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

FOLDOUT 7

LINE

RELEASE

RELEASE

SLOT IN GASKET

4TH

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

22c

APPLY

APPLY

OFF

MOD

TCC SIG

N.O.

22d
18

CONV

CL

3RD CL

2ND CL

PRIMARY TRIM PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

17

4TH CL

C.C. SOL. EX

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

10h

R LINE

SERVO APPLY

3RD 3RD 2ND

1-2 ACCUM 1-2 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM MOD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

3RD

PWM SOL

AUX INPUT CL FD PRIMARY TRIM

4a 22a

LINE

MOD

LINE

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (321)

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN
B OFF B SOL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

#8

43c

44b 44c 44d 44a

LUBE COOLER

AIR BLEED

3RD

D-3 D-4

3RD B SOL OFF

LINE

PUMP BODY (202)

A SOL
N.O. EX

3RD

ON

D-2

D-3 D-3

42a 42b

4TH CL

1-2 SHIFT

3-4 SHIFT

4-3 DOWN

D-4 D-4

3RD

REV

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

LINE

2g

LO-1ST A

EX

D-4

4TH CL

LO

4TH

INPUT CL AUX INPUT CL FD

3RD CL

D-3

PRN PRN

REV EX

4TH

4TH

LINE

LINE

ON

B SOL B SOL

EX

12D DN R

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX
LO BLOW OFF VALVE (407)

MANUAL VALVE

EX

DECREASE

DECREASE

THERMO ELEMENT

EX

D-4

20c

D-4

18a

D-4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

LINE REV SERVO


EX

LINE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LUBE

LUBE

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

COOLER

LUBE

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)


INPUT CL

COOLER

ACCUMULATOR COVER SIDE


COOLER CHECK VALVE (28)

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING ASSEMBLY (140)

THREE DIMENSIONAL

TWO DIMENSIONAL ACCUMULATOR HOUSING SIDE

GASKET (133)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

SPACER PLATE (134)

GASKET (133)

THREE DIMENSIONAL

TWO DIMENSIONAL ACCUMULATOR HOUSING SIDE

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

THREE DIMENSIONAL
SPACER PLATE (370)

TWO DIMENSIONAL CONTROL VALVE BODY SIDE

GASKET (371)

GASKET (369)

VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE (370)

THREE DIMENSIONAL

TWO DIMENSIONAL

FOLDOUT 7A

UNDERSTANDING THE GRAPHICS


TYPICAL BUSHING & VALVE

BUSHING SPRING VALVE BORE PLUG RETAINING PIN SPACER PLATE VALVE BODY RESTRICTING ORIFICE CHECK BALL

SPRING VALVE BORE PLUG BUSHING

BUSHING TO APPLY COMPONENT

SIGNAL FLUID

SIGNAL FLUID

EX WITH SIGNAL FLUID PRESSURE EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN SPRING AND SPRING ASSIST FLUID PRESSURE THE VALVE REMAINS IN CLOSED POSITION.

EX WITH SIGNAL FLUID PRESSURE GREATER THAN SPRING AND SPRING ASSIST FLUID PRESSURE THE VALVE MOVES OVER.

Figure 4

FLUID PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE MODULATOR ACCUMULATOR A SOLENOID

B SOLENOID

EXHAUST DIRECTION OF FLOW WITH EQUAL SURFACE AREAS ON EACH END OF THE VALVE, BUT FLUID PRESSURE "A" BEING GREATER THAN FLUID PRESSURE "B", THE VALVE WILL MOVE TO THE RIGHT. WITH THE SAME FLUID PRESSURE ACTING ON BOTH SURFACE "A" AND SURFACE "B" THE VALVE WILL MOVE TO THE LEFT. THIS IS DUE TO THE LARGER SURFACE AREA OF "A" THAN "B".

Figure 5

SPACER PLATE

APPLY FLUID

SPACER PLATE

EXHAUST FROM THE APPLY COMPONENT UNSEATS THE CHECKBALL, THEREFORE CREATING A QUICK RELEASE.

SPRING ASSIST FLUID

APPLY FLUID

SPRING ASSIST FLUID

APPLY FLUID SEATS THE CHECKBALL FORCING FLUID THROUGH AN ORIFICE IN THE SPACER PLATE, WHICH CREATES A SLOWER APPLY.

RETAINING PIN

VALVE BODY

7B

HYDRA-MATIC 4T60-E
TORQUE CONVERTER (1) MANUAL REVERSE SHAFT SERVO (807) ASSEMBLY (39-49) PARKING LOCK ACTUATOR (800) 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (652) INPUT SPRAG INPUT CLUTCH CARRIER ASSEMBLY ASSEMBLY (664) (672) REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) 1/2 SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (687)

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (683)

FINAL DRIVE DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY (700)

SPEED SENSOR (10)

PUMP ASSEMBLY (200)

CASE EXTENSION (6)

CONTROL VALVE ASSEMBLY (300)

FORWARD BAND ASSEMBLY (688)

DRIVE SPROCKET (516)

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY (12-22)

CHANNEL PLATE ASSEMBLY (400) 4TH CLUTCH HUB & SHAFT ASSEMBLY (504) REVERSE DRIVEN BAND SPROCKET SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (615) (609) MANUAL 2/1 SERVO ASSEMBLY (103-116)

2/1 BAND ASSEMBLY (680)

3-4 ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY (421-428)

DRIVE LINK ASSEMBLY (507)

OUTPUT SHAFT (510)

4TH CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (500-502)

DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)


Figure 6

2ND CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (620-627)

3RD CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (639-649)

INPUT CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (654-659)

Figure 7

HYDRA-MATIC 4T60-E CROSS SECTIONAL VIEW


This illustration is a typical engineering cross sectional drawing of the Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle that has been used sparingly in this publication. Unless an individual is familiar with this type of drawing, it may be difficult to use when locating or identifying a component in the transaxle. For this reason, the three dimensional graphic illustration on page 8 has been the primary drawing used throughout this publication. It also may be used to assist in the interpretation of the engineering drawing when locating a component in the transaxle.
8A

These illustrations, and others used throughout the book, use a consistent coloring of the components in order to provide an easy reference to a specific component. Colors then remain the same from section to section, thereby supporting the information contained in this book.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The Hydra-matic 4T60-E is a fully automatic four speed front wheel drive transaxle. It consists primarily of a four-element torque converter, two planetary gear sets, various clutches, a differential assembly, and a control valve body. The four-element torque converter contains a pump, a turbine, a pressure plate splined to the turbine, and a stator assembly. The torque converter acts as a fluid coupling to smoothly transmit power from the engine to the transaxle. It also hydraulically provides additional torque multiplication when required. The pressure plate, when applied, provides a mechanical direct drive coupling of the engine to the transaxle. The two planetary gear sets provide the four forward gear ratios and reverse. Changing of the gear ratios is fully automatic and is accomplished through the use of various electronic engine sensors that provide input signals to the Powertrain Control Module (PCM). The PCM interprets these signals to send current to the various shift solenoids, converter clutch solenoids or switches inside the transaxle. By using electronics, the PCM controls shift points and torque converter clutch apply and release, to provide proper gear ranges for maximum fuel economy and vehicle performance. Four multiple-disc clutches, two roller clutches, a sprag clutch, and three bands provide the friction elements required to obtain the various ratios with the planetary gear sets. A hydraulic system (the control valve body), pressurized by a vane type pump provides the working pressure needed to operate the friction elements and automatic controls. Several electronic switches, solenoids and sensors working in conjunction with the vehicles PCM or Electronic Control Module (ECM), control various shift points, converter clutch apply and release.

EXPLANATION OF GEAR RANGES


for safe passing by depressing the accelerator or by manually selecting a lower gear with the shift selector.

Figure 8

The transaxle should not be operated in Overdrive when towing a trailer or driving on hilly terrain. Under such conditions that put an extra load on the engine, the transaxle should be driven in a lower manual gear selection for maximum efficiency. D Manual Third can be used for conditions where it may be desirable to use only three gear ratios. These conditions include towing a trailer and driving on hilly terrain as described above. This range is also helpful for engine braking when descending slight grades. Upshifts and downshifts are the same as in Overdrive range for first, second and third gears except that the transaxle will not shift into fourth gear. 2 Manual Second adds more performance for congested traffic and hilly terrain. It has the same starting ratio (first gear) as Manual Third but prevents the transaxle from shifting above second gear. Thus, Manual Second can be used to retain second gear for acceleration and engine braking as desired. Manual Second can be selected at any vehicle speed. If the transaxle is in third or fourth gear when Manual Second is selected it will immediately shift to second gear. 1 Manual First can be selected at any vehicle speed. If the transaxle is in third or fourth gear it will immediately shift into second gear. When the vehicle speed slows to below approximately 56 km/h (35mph) the transaxle will then shift into first gear. This is particularly beneficial for maintaining maximum engine braking when descending steep grades.
FOLDOUT 9

The transaxle can be operated in any one of the seven different positions shown on the shift quadrant (Figure 8). P Park position enables the engine to be started while preventing the vehicle from rolling either forward or backward. For safety reasons, the vehicles parking brake should be used in addition to the transaxle Park positions. Since the final drive differential and output shaft are mechanically locked to the case through the parking pawl and final drive internal gear, Park position should not be selected until the vehicle has come to a complete stop. R Reverse enables the vehicle to be operated in a rearward direction. N Neutral position enables the engine to start and operate without driving the vehicle. If necessary, this position should be selected to restart the engine while the vehicle is moving. D Overdrive range should be used for all normal driving conditions for maximum efficiency and fuel economy. Overdrive range allows the transaxle to operate in each of the four forward gear ratios. Downshifts to a lower gear, or higher gear ratio, are available

PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION
The purpose of a transaxle in a vehicle is to provide Park, Neutral, Reverse and forward driving ranges. The primary function of the transaxle is to increase torque or twisting force between the engine and the drive wheels which is required for greater pulling power or performance. Basically, the transaxle is the component of the vehicle that enables the engine to move heavy loads with less effort. For example, to start a vehicle moving requires much more effort than is needed to keep it moving. The transaxle is capable of providing suitable gear ranges, or torque multiplying ratios for performance and economy over the vehicles entire operating range. These different gear ranges are obtained through the interaction of the electronic and hydraulic shift control of: multiple disc and mechanical clutches, friction bands and two planetary gear sets. The pages that follow describe the function of these electrical and mechanical components found in the Hydra-matic 4T60-E in order to provide the reader with a basic understanding of the operating characteristics of this transaxle.

9A

MAJOR MECHANICAL COMPONENTS


SPLINED TO TORQUE CONVERTER TURBINE ASSEMBLY (D)

DRIVE SPROCKET (516) DRIVE LINK ASSEMBLY (507) OIL PUMP DRIVE SHAFT (227)

REVERSE SERVO ASSEMBLY (39-49)

SPLINED TOGETHER SPLINED TO (672)

TURBINE SHAFT (518)

SPLINED TOGETHER

INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

SPLINED TOGETHER

SPLINED TOGETHER

SPLINED TO (632)

4TH CLUTCH HUB & SHAFT ASSEMBLY (504)

REVERSE BAND ASSEMBLY (615) 2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)


SPLINED TO (668)

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632) PARKING GEAR (696)

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (650-653)

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (661-665)

REVERSE REACTION DRUM (669)

4TH CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (500-502)

DRIVEN SPROCKET (506) FORWARD BAND ASSEMBLY (688) 2/1 BAND ASSEMBLY (680)

FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR (693)

PAWL & PIN LOCKOUT ASSEMBLY (694)

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697)

DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER ASSEMBLY (700)

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER ASSEMBLY (681-687)

SPLINED TOGETHER SPLINED TO OUPUT SHAFT (510)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689)

SPLINED TO CASE

1/2 SUPPORT INNER RACE (681)

SPLINED TO (689)

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM (678)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO ASSEMBLY (103-116)

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY (15-22)

10

Figure 9

COLOR LEGEND
MAJOR MECHANICAL COMPONENTS

The fold-out graphic on page 10 contains a disassembled drawing of the major components used in the Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle. This drawing, along with the cross sectional illustrations on pages 8 and 8A, shows the major mechanical components and their relationship to each other as a complete assembly. Therefore, color has been used throughout this book to help identify parts that are splined together, rotating at engine speed, held stationary, and so forth. Color differentiation is particularly helpful when using the Power Flow section for understanding the transaxle operation. The color legend below provides the general guidelines that were followed in assigning specific colors to the major components. However, due to the complexity of this transaxle, some colors (such as grey) were used for artistic purposes rather than being restricted to the specific function or location of that component. Components held stationary in the case or splined to the case. Examples: Driven Sprocket Support (609), Final Drive Internal Gear (693) and Valve Body (300). Components that rotate at engine speed. Examples: Torque Converter Assembly (1) and Oil Pump Drive Shaft (227). Components that rotate at turbine speed. Examples: Converter Turbine, Drive Sprocket (516), Driven Sprocket (506) and Input Shaft and Housing Assembly (632). Components that rotate at transaxle output speed. Examples: Differential Carrier (700), Output Shaft (510). Components such as the Stator in the Torque Converter (1), 2nd Clutch Housing (217), Reverse Reaction Drum (669) and Input Carrier Assembly (672). Components such as the Reaction Sun Gear Drum (678) and 1/2 Support Inner Race (681). Components such as the 1/2 Support Outer Race (687). Components such as the Reaction Carrier Assembly (675), Parking Gear (696) and Final Drive Sun Gear (697). Accumulators, Servos and Bands.

All bearings and bushings.

All seals

10A

COLOR LEGEND
APPLY COMPONENTS

The Range Reference Chart on page 11, provides another valuable source of information for explaining the overall function of the Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle. This chart highlights the major apply components that function in a selected gear range, and the specific gear operation within that gear range. Included as part of this chart is the same color reference to each major component that was previously discussed. If a component is active in a specific gear range, a word describing its activity will be listed in the column below that component. The row where the activity occurs corresponds to the appropriate transaxle range and gear operation. An abbreviated version of this chart can also be found at the top of the half page of text located in the Power Flow section. This provides for a quick reference when reviewing the mechanical power flow information contained in that section.

10B

RANGE REFERENCE CHART

RANGE

GEAR

A SOLENOID

B SOLENOID

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH * HOLDING OVERRUN

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

FORWARD BAND

P-N
1st 2nd

ON ON OFF OFF ON @ OFF @ OFF @ ON @ OFF @ ON @ ON ON

ON ON ON OFF OFF @ OFF @ ON @ ON @ ON @ ON @ ON ON APPLIED APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED * APPLIED HOLDING OVERRUN HOLDING

* APPLIED *

HOLDING HOLDING OVERRUN OVERRUN

APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED

D
3rd 4th 3rd

APPLIED * APPLIED * APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED

HOLDING OVERRUN HOLDING OVERRUN HOLDING HOLDING HOLDING APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED

OVERRUN HOLDING HOLDING HOLDING HOLDING HOLDING

2nd 1st 2nd

2
1st

1 R

1st REVERSE

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE ON = SOLENOID ENEGERIZED OFF = SOLENOID DE-ENEGERIZED @ THE SOLENOIDS STATE FOLLOWS A SHIFT PATTERN WHICH DEPENDS UPON VEHICLE SPEED, THROTTLE POSITION AND SELECTED GEAR RANGE.

Figure 10

11

TORQUE CONVERTER
THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY (B) PRESSURE PLATE SPRING (E) TURBINE THRUST SPACER (H)

CONVERTER PUMP ASSEMBLY (A)

STATOR ASSEMBLY (C)

TURBINE ASSEMBLY (D)

DAMPER ASSEMBLY (F) PRESSURE PLATE ASSEMBLY (G) TORQUE

CONVERTER HOUSING COVER ASSEMBLY (J)

TORQUE CONVERTER:

The torque converter assembly is made up of the following five main sub-assemblies: a converter pump assembly (A) which is the driving member a turbine assembly (D) which is the driven RELEASE FLUID TURBINE or output member SHAFT a stator assembly (C) which is the reaction member (518) located between the pump and turbine assemblies a pressure plate assembly (G) splined to the turbine assembly B to enable direct mechanical drive a converter housing cover assembly (J) which is welded to the converter pump assembly
CONVERTER PUMP ASSEMBLY AND TURBINE ASSEMBLY
J

When the engine is running the converter pump assembly acts as a centrifugal pump by picking up fluid at its center and discharging it at its rim between the blades. The force of this fluid then hits the turbine blades and causes the turbine to rotate. As the engine and converter pump increase in RPM, so does the turbine.
PRESSURE PLATE, DAMPER AND CONVERTER HOUSING COVER ASSEMBLIES

TCC RELEASED

The pressure plate is splined to the turbine hub and applies (engages) with the converter cover to provide a mechanical coupling of the engine to the transaxle. When the pressure plate assembly is applied, the small amount of slippage that occurs through a fluid coupling is eliminated, thereby providing a more efficient transfer of engine torque to the drive wheels.

To reduce torsional shock during the apply of the pressure plate to the converter cover, a spring loaded damper assembly (F) is used. The pressure plate is attached to the pivoting mechanism of the damper assembly which allows the pressure plate to rotate independently of the damper assembly up to approximately 45 degrees. During engagement, the springs in the damper assembly cushion the pressure plate engagement and also reduce irregular torque pulses from the engine or road surface.

12

Figure 11

to provide for a smooth conversion of torque from the engine to the mechanical components of the transaxle C to multiply torque from the engine that enables the vehicle to achieve additional performance when required DRIVE to mechanically operate the transaxle oil SPROCKET pump (200) through the pump shaft (227) SUPPORT (522) to provide a mechanical link, or direct drive from the engine to the transAPPLY FLUID axle through the use of a PUMP torque converter SHAFT (227) clutch (TCC)

APPLY FLUID D E H F RELEASE FLUID G

The torque converter (1) is the primary component for transmittal CONVERTER ASSEMBLY of power between the engine and the transaxle. It is bolted to (1) the engine flywheel (known as the flexplate) so that it will rotate TCC at engine speed. Some of the major functions of the torque APPLIED converter are:

TORQUE CONVERTER
FLUID FLOW

STATOR ASSEMBLY (C) CONVERTER PUMP ASSEMBLY (A) TURBINE ASSEMBLY (D)

Figure 12

STATOR ASSEMBLY

STATOR

The stator is located between the pump assembly and turbine assembly, and, is mounted on a one-way roller clutch that allows it to rotate in one direction but not the other. The function of the stator is to redirect fluid returning from the turbine to assist the engine in turning the converter pump assembly. At low vehicle speeds, when greater torque is needed, fluid from the turbine hits the front side of the stator blades (converter multiplying torque). At this time, the oneway roller clutch prevents the stator from rotating in the same direction as the fluid flow, thereby redirecting it to assist the engine in turning the converter pump. Fluid now leaving the converter pump has more force to turn the turbine assembly and multiply engine torque. As vehicle speed increases, centrifugal force changes the direction of the fluid leaving the turbine such that it hits the back side of the stator blades (converter at coupling speed). When this occurs, the roller clutch overruns and allows the stator to rotate freely. Fluid is no longer being redirected to the converter pump and engine torque is not being multiplied.

STATOR ROTATES FREELY CONVERTER AT COUPLING SPEED

FLUID FLOW FROM TURBINE

STATOR HELD FLUID FLOW REDIRECTED

CONVERTER MULTIPLYING

Figure 13

13

TORQUE CONVERTER
VISCOUS CLUTCH

BODY

SQUARE CUT SEAL

DOUBLE LIP SEAL WITH GARTER SPRING

ROTOR

DOUBLE LIP SEAL WITH GARTER SPRING

COVER

VISCOUS CONVERTER CLUTCH (VCC)

The viscous converter clutch performs the same function as the torque converter clutch that was explained in the preceding pages. The primary difference between the converter clutch and the viscous converter clutch is the silicone fluid that is sealed between the cover and the body of the clutch assembly. The viscous silicone fluid provides a smooth apply of the clutch assembly when it engages with the converter cover.
VISCOUS CONVERTER CLUTCH APPLY

SQUARE CUT SEAL


The viscous converter clutch is capable of applying at approximately 40 kmh (25 mph) providing that the transaxle is in third gear and the engine coolant temperature is above 60C (140F). When the viscous clutch is applied there is a constant (but minimal) slippage between the rotor and the body. Despite this slippage, (approximately 40 RPM at 97 kmh or 60 mph) good fuel economy is attained at highway speeds.

COVER

BODY

Viscous converter clutch apply is controlled by the Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) solenoid (325) and the Torque Converter Clutch (TCC) solenoid (315) through the Powertrain Control Module (PCM). The PCM monitors vehicle speed, throttle angle, transaxle gear range, engine coolant temperature to apply the viscous converter clutch. When transaxle fluid temperatures are above 93.3C (200F) but below 157C (315F), the viscous clutch will not apply until approximately 61 kmh (38 mph). If the transaxle fluid temperature exceeds 157C (315F), a temperature switch located in the cooler line will open and release the viscous clutch to protect the transaxle from overheating.

ROTOR

DOUBLE LIP SEAL WITH GARTER SPRING

14

Figure 14

APPLY COMPONENTS
The Apply Components section is designed to explain the function of the hydraulic and mechanical holding devices used in the Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle. Some of these apply components, such as clutches and bands, are hydraulically applied and released in order to provide automatic gear range shifting. Other components, such as a roller clutch or sprag clutch, often react to a hydraulically applied component by mechanically holding or releasing another member of the transaxle. This interaction between the hydraulically and mechanically applied components is then explained in detail and supported with a graphic illustration. In addition, this section shows the routing of fluid pressure to the individual components and their internal functions when it applies or releases. The sequence in which the components in this section have been discussed coincides with their physical arrangement inside the transaxle. This order closely parallels the disassembly sequence used in the Hydra-matic 4T60-E Unit Repair Section located in Section 7 of the appropriate Service Manual. It also correlates with the components shown on the Range Reference Charts that are used throughout the Power Flow section of this book. The correlation of information between the sections of this book helps the user more clearly understand the hydraulic and mechanical operating principles for this transaxle.

Figure 15

15

APPLY COMPONENTS
DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT: 2ND CLUTCH FEED:

The driven sprocket support (609), located behind the channel plate (400) and nested inside the barrel of the case (3), is the primary component for fluid distribution to the clutch packs. A cup bearing assembly (606) is pressed into the housing and provides support for the driven sprocket (506). The driven sprocket support also serves as the housing for the 4th clutch piston assembly (603-604) and the 4th clutch piston return spring assembly (602).
HYDRAULIC FEED CIRCUITS: LUBE:

2nd clutch fluid from the control valve assembly is routed through the channel plate and into the driven sprocket support. 2nd clutch fluid then passes between the driven sprocket support housing and sleeve, and exits the housing at a groove located between two seals. The seals ride on the inner diameter of the 2nd clutch housing (617) which allows 2nd clutch fluid to enter the housing and apply the clutch. See 2ND CLUTCH APPLY, page 19.
3RD CLUTCH FEED:

Whenever the engine is running, line pressure from the pump assembly (200) is fed through an orifice in the valve body spacer plate (370), through the channel plate assembly (400) and to the driven sprocket support. Lube enters the driven sprocket support housing and is routed between the housing and a sleeve where it feeds the lubrication circuit. See LUBRICATION CIRCUITS, page 100.
INPUT CLUTCH FEED:

3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid from the control valve assembly is routed through the channel plate and into the driven sprocket support. 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid then passes through the driven sprocket support sleeve and into a drilled hole located between two seals in the input shaft & housing assembly (632). 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid travels between the input shaft and sleeve, then enters the 3rd clutch piston housing (639) to apply the clutch. See 3RD CLUTCH APPLY, page 20.
4TH CLUTCH FEED:

Input clutch fluid from the control valve assembly (300) is routed through the channel plate and into the driven sprocket support. Input clutch fluid then passes through the driven sprocket support sleeve and into a drilled hole located between two seals in the input shaft & housing assembly (632). Input clutch fluid pressure then forces the input clutch piston to move and apply the clutch. See INPUT CLUTCH APPLY, page 22.

4th clutch fluid from the control valve assembly is routed through the channel plate and into the driven sprocket support. 4th clutch fluid then passes through a hole in the support that is located behind the 4th clutch piston to apply the clutch. See 4TH CLUTCH APPLY, page 17.

LINE PRESSURE

INPUT CLUTCH FLUID

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609) STATIONARY

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

3RD CL/ LO-1ST FLUID

4TH CLUTCH FLUID

2ND CLUTCH FLUID CHANNEL PLATE (400) LUBE FLUID SEALS (612 & 613)

16

Figure 16

APPLY COMPONENTS
3RD CL/LO-1ST APPLY FLUID INPUT CLUTCH APPLY FLUID

4TH CLUTCH:

The 4th clutch assembly, located between the channel plate (400) and the driven sprocket support (609), is applied ON in Fourth Gear Range (Overdrive) only.
4TH CLUTCH APPLY:

4TH CLUTCH APPLY FLUID 2ND CLUTCH APPLY FLUID 4TH CLUTCH REACTION PLATE (500) DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609) INPUT CLUTCH APPLY PASSAGE 4TH CLUTCH PISTON (603)

LUBE FLUID 4TH CLUTCH APPLY PLATE (502)

To apply the 4th clutch, 4th clutch apply fluid is fed through the driven sprocket support (609) behind the 4th clutch piston assembly (603-604). Pressure from the 4th clutch apply fluid forces the piston to move towards the channel plate (400) compressing the 4th clutch piston return spring assembly (602) to cushion the apply. Travel of the 4th clutch piston assembly (603604) continues until the 4th clutch (steel) reaction plate (500), 4th clutch plate assemblies (501) and PISTON SEAL (OUTER) 4th clutch apply plates (502) (604) contact and are held against the channel plate (400).
PISTON SEAL (INNER) (605) DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

RETAINING RING (601)

CHANNEL PLATE (400)

When fully applied, the external teeth on the 4th clutch (steel) plates (500), splined to the channel plate (400) and the internal teeth on the 4th clutch (fiber) plate assemblies (501), splined to the 4th clutch hub & shaft assembly (504), prevent the 4th clutch hub & shaft assembly (504) from rotating.
4TH CLUTCH RELEASE:

4TH CLUTCH HUB & SHAFT ASSEMBLY (504)

4TH CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (501) LUBE PASSAGE

To release the 4th clutch, 4th clutch apply fluid pressure exhausts, allowing pressure the 4th clutch piston assembly (603-604) to be released. In the absence of fluid pressure, spring force from the 4th clutch 4TH CLUTCH PISTON RETURN SPRING piston return spring assembly ASSEMBLY (602) moves the 4th clutch piston (602) assembly (603-604) away from the channel plate (400). This action allows the 4th clutch (steel), reaction plate (500) and the 4th clutch (fiber) plate assemblies (501) to disengage with the channel plate (400), and release the 4th clutch hub & shaft assembly (504) allowing it to rotate.
504 601 602 603 604

500 501

502

501

502

Figure 17

17

APPLY COMPONENTS
REVERSE SERVO ASSEMBLY:
39 40

REVERSE SERVO RELEASE:

The reverse servo assembly (39-49), located near the top of the transaxle case (3), applies the reverse band assembly (615) when Reverse Gear Range is selected.
REVERSE SERVO APPLY:

41 42 43

44

To apply the reverse servo assembly (39-49), reverse servo apply fluid is fed through the case (3) between the servo cover (40) and the reverse servo piston (44). Pressure from the reverse servo apply fluid forces the piston and selective apply pin (48) to move towards the reverse band assembly (615). This movement compresses the reverse servo cushion spring (45) return spring (49) and reverse servo curved spring (47) allowing the apply pin (48) to compress the reverse band assembly (615). When the band is compressed, the 2nd clutch housing (617) is held stationary. Reverse Gear engagement feel is controlled by: the reverse servo cushion spring (45) and return spring (49); the reverse servo curved spring (47); the apply pin (48); the reverse band assembly (615) and second clutch housing (617).
CASE (3) SPRING RETAINER 1ST & 2ND (17) REVERSE SERVO APPLY FLUID CUSHION SPRING (45) CUSHION SPRING RETAINER (46)

To release the reverse servo assembly (39-49), reverse servo fluid pressure exhausts through the same apply passage in the case, allowing pressure at the reverse servo piston (44) to be released. Spring force from: the return spring (49); reverse servo cushion spring (45); and, the reverse servo curved spring (47), move the reverse servo piston (44) and apply pin (48) away from the reverse band assembly (615) to release the band. When released, the 2nd clutch housing (617) can rotate as required for other gear ranges.
REVERSE BAND:

The reverse band assembly (615), located under the reverse servo assembly (39-49), is applied or ON during Reverse Gear Range only. The band wraps around the second clutch housing (617) and is held in position by the band anchor pin (117). When compressed by the reverse servo assembly (39-49), it holds the 2nd clutch housing (617), reverse reaction drum (669) and input carrier assembly (672) allowing the transaxle to operate in Reverse.
INTERNAL RETAINING RING (42)

17

SERVO COVER (40) RETAINING RING (39) "O" RING SEAL (41) REVERSE SERVO PISTON (44) PISTON SEAL RING (43) CURVED SPRING (47)

45

46

47

48

RETURN SPRING (49) APPLY PIN (48)

49

ANCHOR PIN (117)

REVERSE BAND ASSEMBLY (615)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

REVERSE BAND ASSEMBLY (615)

18

Figure 18

APPLY COMPONENTS
2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617) 618

2ND CLUTCH:

The 2nd clutch assembly (617-627), located between the driven sprocket support (609) and the input clutch assembly (631-659), is applied or ON during Second, Third and Fourth Gear Ranges as well as Manual Third and Manual Second Gear Ranges.

APPLIED

RELEASED

2ND CLUTCH APPLY:

SNAP RING (622)

When fully applied, the 2nd clutch provides the power to the gear sets (672 & 675) through the: waved plate (623); (steel) tapered apply reaction plate (716); (steel) reaction plates (625) external teeth splined to the 2nd clutch housing (617); and, the 2nd clutch plate assemblies (624) internal teeth splined to the hub on the input housing assembly (631-659).
2ND CLUTCH RELEASE:

RELEASE SPRING & APPLY RING (621)

To release the 2nd clutch assembly (621-627), 2nd clutch apply fluid pressure exhausts through the apply passages in the inner hub of the 2nd clutch housing (617) and driven sprocket support (609). In the absence of fluid pressure, the apply ring & release spring assembly (621) move the 2nd clutch piston (620) and releases the 2nd clutch reaction plates (625) and 2nd clutch plate assemblies (624) from contact with the backing support ring plate (626). During the release of the 2nd clutch fluid, the retainer & ball assembly (618), located in the 2nd clutch housing (617), unseats. Centrifugal force, resulting from the rotation of the 2nd clutch housing (617), unseats the checkball and forces residual 2nd clutch fluid to the outside of the piston housing and through the unseated retainer & ball assembly (618). If this fluid did not completely exhaust from behind the piston, there could be a partial apply, or drag, of the 2nd clutch plates.
620 621 622 623

2ND CLUTCH APPLY FLUID

PISTON WITH MOLDED SEAL (620)

716

625

624

Figure 19

WAVED PLATE (623) SNAP RING (627) BACKING PLATE (626) REACTION PLATE (625) 2ND CLUTCH APPLY REACTION PLATE (TAPERED) (716) PLATE ASSEMBLY (624) 626 627

To apply the 2nd clutch, 2nd clutch apply fluid is fed through the driven sprocket support (609) to the inner hub of the 2nd clutch housing (617). Feed holes in the hub allows 2nd clutch apply fluid to enter the 2nd clutch housing (617) behind the 2nd clutch piston (620); seats the retainer and ball assembly (618) and moves the piston to compress the apply ring & release spring assembly (621). The piston continues to move, compressing the 2nd clutch RETAINER & BALL wave plate (623), until the 2nd clutch reaction plates ASSEMBLY (625) and 2nd clutch plate assemblies (624) are held (618) against the backing support ring plate (626).

EX

19

APPLY COMPONENTS
3RD CLUTCH: 3RD CLUTCH RELEASE:

The 3rd clutch assembly (639-649), located inside the input shaft & housing assembly (632), is applied or ON during Third and Fourth Gear Ranges as well as Manual Third and Manual First Gear Ranges.
3RD CLUTCH APPLY:

RETAINER & BALL ASSEMBLY

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

3RD CLUTCH/ LO-1ST APPLY FLUID

LUBE PASSAGE

"O" RING SEAL (638)

SEAL (INNER) (641) 3RD CLUTCH PISTON HOUSING (639)

OIL RING SEAL (628)

WAVED PLATE (645)

639

640

642

643

640

645

647

20

Figure 20

To apply the 3rd clutch, 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid is fed through the driven sprocket support (609) and into the input shaft & housing assembly (632). A feed hole in the input shaft allows 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid to enter between the 3rd clutch piston housing (639) and 3rd clutch piston & seal assembly (642). Fluid pressure seats the retainer & ball assembly and moves the piston to compress the 3rd clutch spring guide & retainer (643). The piston continues to move until it contacts and holds the 3rd clutch (waved) plate (645) and 3rd clutch plate assemblies (646-647) against the backing plate (648). The 3rd clutch (waved) plate (645) is used to cushion the apply of the 3rd clutch. When fully applied, the 3rd clutch provides the power to the gear sets (672 & 675) through: the 3rd clutch (waved) plate (645) and external teeth on the 3rd clutch plate assemblies (646) splined into the input shaft & housing assembly (632); and, the internal teeth on the 3rd clutch plate assemblies (647) splined to the 3rd sprag clutch (outer) race (653).

To release the 3rd clutch assembly (639-649), 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid pressure exhausts through the apply passages in the input shaft & housing assembly (632) and driven sprocket support (609). In the absence of fluid pressure, the 3rd clutch spring guide & retainer (643) moves the 3rd clutch piston & seal assembly (642) and releases the 3rd clutch (waved) plate (645) and 3rd clutch plate assemblies (646-647) from contact with the backing plate (648). During the release of the 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid, the retainer & ball assembly, located in the 3rd clutch piston & seal assembly (642), unseats. Centrifugal force, resulting from the rotation of the 3rd clutch piston & seal assembly (642), unseats the checkball and forces residual 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid through the unseated retainer & ball assembly. If this fluid did not completely exhaust from behind the piston, there could be a partial apply, or drag, of the 3rd clutch plates.
APPLIED RELEASED

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

3RD CLUTCH PISTON & SEAL ASSEMBLY (642) 3RD CLUTCH SPRING GUIDE & RETAINER (643) SNAP RING (649)

EX

BACKING PLATE (648) SNAP RING (640) 3RD CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (647) 3RD CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (646)

646

648

649

APPLY COMPONENTS
3RD SPRAG CLUTCH:

The 3rd sprag clutch assembly (653, 661, 717-721), located inside the input shaft & housing assembly (632), mechanically holds the input sun gear (668) during Overdrive Range Third Gear as well as Manual Third and Manual First Gear ranges.
3RD SPRAG CLUTCH HOLDING:

inner race to rotate at the same speed as the outer race. The result is a direct drive (1:1) gear ratio through the gear sets during 3rd gear operation.
3RD SPRAG CLUTCH RELEASE:

When the 3rd clutch assembly (639-649) is applied, the internal teeth on the 3rd clutch plate assemblies (647), splined to the 3rd sprag clutch outer race (653), holds the race and rotates it in the same direction and speed as the input shaft & housing assembly. The inner race and retainer assembly (661), which is splined to the input sun gear (668), is trying to rotate at a faster speed than the 3rd sprag clutch outer race. When this occurs, the sprag elements wedge between the inner and outer races to force the

The 3rd sprag clutch assembly releases whenever the 3rd clutch releases, or when its elements overrun (freewheel). An overrunning condition occurs in Overdrive Range Fourth Gear when the input sun gear is held by the fourth clutch hub & shaft assembly (504). Since the 3rd clutch assembly is applied (driving the 3rd sprag outer race) while the inner race is held by the fourth clutch shaft, the sprag elements pivot and disengage from the races. In this situation the 3rd sprag clutch outer race overruns the stationary inner race.

OUTER RACE (653) HELD - FORCED TO ROTATE AT INPUT HOUSING SPEED OUTER RACE (653)

INPUT SPRAG INNER RACE (661)

3RD SPRAG OUTER RACE (653)

3RD SPRAG ASSEMBLY (720)

3RD SPRAG (720)

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH HOLDING/DRIVING INNER RACE (661)

INNER RACE (661) (SPLINED TO INPUT SUN GEAR) PREVENTED FROM ROTATING AT A FASTER SPEED

OUTER RACE (653) HELD - FORCED TO ROTATE AT INPUT HOUSING SPEED OUTER RACE (653)

HELD 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUNNING 3RD SPRAG (720) INNER RACE (661) 3RD CLUTCH SPRAG RETAINER (718) SPIRAL LOCK RING (717) END BEARING (719) CENTER BEARING (721)

INNER RACE (661) (SPLINED TO INPUT SUN GEAR) IS HELD STATIONARY THROUGH 4TH CLUTCH SHAFT

717

718

719

720

721

653

661

Figure 21

21

APPLY COMPONENTS
INPUT CLUTCH: INPUT CLUTCH APPLY: INPUT CLUTCH RELEASE:

The input clutch assembly (637-640 & 654659), located inside the input shaft & housing assembly (632), is applied or ON in First and Second Gear Ranges, as well as Manual Third, Manual Second, Manual First and Reverse Gear Ranges.

To apply the input clutch, input clutch fluid is fed through the driven sprocket support (609) and into the input shaft & housing assembly (632). A feed hole in the input shaft allows input clutch fluid to enter between the input clutch piston assembly (635-636) and input shaft & housing assembly (632). Fluid pressure seats the retainer & ball assembly (633) and moves the piston to compress the 633 input spring & retainer assembly (637). The piston continues to move until it contacts the input clutch apply plate (654), compresses the input clutch (waved) plate (655) to cushion the apply, and, holds the input clutch plates (656 & 657) against the backing clutch plate (658) and snap ring (659). When fully applied, the input clutch provides the power to the gear sets (672 & 675) through: the external teeth on the input clutch (waved) plate (655) and input clutch (steel) plates (657) splined to the input shaft & housing assembly (632); and, the internal teeth on the input clutch (fiber) plate assemblies (656) splined to the sprag outer race (665).
RELEASED SEAL INPUT CLUTCH (OUTER) APPLY PLATE (635) (654)

To release the input clutch assembly (637640 & 654-659), input clutch fluid pressure exhausts through the apply passage in the input shaft & housing assembly (632) and driven sprocket support (609). In the absence of fluid pressure, the input spring & retainer assembly (637) moves the input clutch piston assembly (635-636) and releases the input clutch apply plate (654), input clutch (waved) plate (655), and the input clutch plates (656 & 657) from the backing clutch plate (658) and snap ring (659). During the release of the input clutch fluid, the retainer & ball assembly (633), located in the input clutch housing (632), unseats. Centrifugal force, resulting from the rotation of the input shaft & housing assembly (632), forces residual input clutch fluid to the outer perimeter of the piston housing and through the unseated retainer & ball assembly (633). If this fluid did not completely exhaust, there could be a partial apply, or drag, of the input clutch plates.
WAVED PLATE (655) INPUT CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (656) INPUT CLUTCH PLATE (FLAT) ASSEMBLY (657)

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

APPLIED

RETAINER & BALL ASSEMBLY (633)

LUBE PASSAGE

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

INPUT CLUTCH APPLY FLUID

636

637

639

22

"O" RING SEAL (638) SNAP RING (640) SEAL (INNER) (634) INPUT SPRING & RETAINER ASSEMBLY (637) INPUT CLUTCH PISTON (636) 3RD CLUTCH PISTON HOUSING (639) 656 658 640 654 655 657

EX

SNAP RING (659) BACKING PLATE (658) SNAP RING (640)

659

Figure 22

APPLY COMPONENTS
INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH:

The input clutch sprag assembly (661, 665 & 722), located inside the input shaft & housing assembly ((632), mechanically holds the input sun gear (668) during Overdrive Range First Gear as well as Manual Third, Manual First and Reverse Gear Ranges.
INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH HOLDING:

the sprag elements wedge between the inner and outer races. This results in a mechanical lock-up of the sprag elements which forces the input sun gear to rotate at the same speed as the input shaft & housing assembly. Power is now provided to the planetary gear sets (672 & 675) during Overdrive Range First Gear, Manual First and Reverse Gear ranges.
INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH RELEASE:

The input clutch assembly (637-640 & 654-659) is applied when the internal teeth on the input clutch (fiber) plate assemblies (656) - splined to the input sprag clutch outer race (665) - drive the outer race in the same direction and speed as the input shaft & housing assembly (632). The inner race and retainer assembly (661) is splined to the input sun gear (668) which is held stationary by the weight of the vehicle. Since the outer race of the sprag is forced to rotate while the inner race is stationary,
OUTER RACE (665) HELD - SPRAG (722) FORCES INNER RACE (661) TO ROTATE AT INPUT HOUSING SPEED OUTER RACE (665)

The input sprag clutch assembly releases whenever the input clutch releases or when its elements overrun (freewheel). An overrunning condition occurs in Overdrive Second Gear Range or Manual Second Gear Range when the inner race and retainer assembly rotates faster than the input sprag clutch outer race. When this occurs, the sprag elements pivot and disengage the power flow from the outer race to the inner race.

INPUT SPRAG INNER RACE (661)

INPUT SPRAG OUTER RACE (665)

INPUT SPRAG ASSEMBLY (722)

INPUT SPRAG (722)

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH HOLDING/DRIVING INNER RACE (661)

OUTER RACE (665) HELD - SPRAG (722) FORCES INNER RACE (661) TO ROTATE AT INPUT HOUSING SPEED OUTER RACE (665)

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUNNING INPUT SPRAG (722) INNER RACE (661) CENTER BEARING (721) END BEARING (719)

INNER RACE (661) (SPLINED TO INPUT SUN GEAR) ROTATES FASTER THAN OUTER RACE (665)

721

722

665

719

661

Figure 23

23

APPLY COMPONENTS
MANUAL 2/1 BAND ASSEMBLY (680) 2/1 BAND The 2/1 manual servo assembly (104-116), located in the bottom of the case ANCHOR PIN assembly (3), applies the 2/1 manual band assembly (680) when Manual (117)

2/1 MANUAL SERVO ASSEMBLY:

Second and Manual First Gear Ranges are selected.


2/1 MANUAL SERVO APPLY:

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM (678)

To apply the 2/1 manual servo assembly (104-116), fluid in the manual 2/1 servo feed passage passes through the case (3) and manual servo apply pipe (125) to the 2/1 manual servo piston (108). Fluid pressure between the 2/1 manual servo body cover (104) and 2/1 manual servo piston (108) forces the piston and 2/1 manual apply pin (111) to move towards the 2/1 band assembly (680). This movement compresses the 2/1 manual servo cushion spring (109) and 2/1 manual servo return spring (112) allowing the apply pin (111) to compress the 2/1 band assembly (680). When the band is compressed, the reaction sun gear & drum assembly (678) is held stationary. 2/1 manual servo apply feel is primarily controlled by the 2/1 manual cushion spring (109) and the 2/1 manual return spring (112).
2/1 MANUAL SERVO RELEASE:

115

114

113

To release the 2/1 manual servo assembly (104-116), the gear selector lever must be positioned in a gear range other than Manual Second or Manual First Gear Range. This allows manual 2/1 servo feed fluid to exhaust through the apply passages and release pressure between the 2/1 manual servo piston (108) and the 2/1 manual servo body cover (104). Spring force from the 2/1 manual servo return spring (112) and 2/1 manual servo cushion spring (109) moves the 2/1 manual servo piston (108) and apply pin (111) away from the 2/ 1 band assembly (680) to release the band. When released, the reaction sun gear & drum assembly (678) can rotate if Park or Neutral Gear has been selected.
REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM (678)

2/1 BAND ASSEMBLY:


112

111

110

109

108

The 2/1 band assembly (680), located above the 2/1 manual servo assembly (104-116), is applied during Manual Second and Manual First Gear Ranges only. The band wraps around the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678) and is held in position by the 2/1 band anchor pin (102). When compressed, the 2/1 band assembly (680) holds the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678) to provide engine braking for Manual First & Second Gear Range Operation only.

2/1 BAND ASSEMBLY (680) RETAINING CLIP (TOP) (116) MANUAL 2/1 SERVO BODY (114) CUSHION SPRING RETAINER (110) RETURN SPRING (112) LIP SEAL (107)

107 MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (124) MANUAL 2/1 APPLY PIN (111)

106

124

105

125 104

MANUAL 2/1 APPLY FLUID

"O" RING SEAL (113) MANUAL 2/1 SERVO BODY COVER (104) RETAINING CLIP (BOTTOM) (106) CUSHION SPRING (109) MANUAL 2/1 SERVO PISTON (108)

103

24

Figure 24

APPLY COMPONENTS
FORWARD BAND ASSEMBLY (688) 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (681-687)

FORWARD SERVO APPLY:

To apply the forward servo assembly (12-22), drive servo apply fluid is fed through the case (3), into the forward band apply pin (21) and between the forward servo cover (13) and forward servo piston (16). Pressure from the drive servo apply fluid forces the piston and forward band apply pin (21) to move towards the forward band assembly (688). The forward servo piston (16) compresses the forward servo cushion spring (19) and servo return spring (22) allowing the forward band apply pin (21) to compress the forward band assembly (688). When the band is compressed, the 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (681-687) is held stationary. Forward gear engagement feel is controlled by: the forward servo cushion spring (19); the servo return spring (22); the thermo element located on the valve body spacer plate assembly (370); and, the forward band apply pin (21).
FORWARD BAND ASSEMBLY (688) 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (681-687)

FORWARD BAND ANCHOR PIN (117)

CUSHION SPRING RETAINER (20) PISTON LIP SEAL (18) CUSHION SPRING (19) FORWARD SERVO PISTON (16) INTERNAL RETAINING RING (15)

FORWARD SERVO RELEASE:

To release the forward servo assembly (12-22), drive servo apply fluid pressure between the forward servo piston (16) and forward servo cover (13) exhausts through the forward band apply pin (21) and through the apply passage in the case (3). Spring force from the servo return spring (22) and forward servo cushion spring (19) move the forward servo piston (16) and forward band apply pin (21) away from the forward band assembly (688), releasing the band. When released, the 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (681-687) will rotate.
FORWARD BAND ASSEMBLY:

DRIVE SERVO APPLY FLUID

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO BODY COVER (104) SQUARE CUT SEAL (105) RETURN SPRING (22) "O" RING SEAL (14)

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (124)

22

21

20

19

17

18

16

15

14

Figure 25

FORWARD SERVO COVER (13) SPRING RETAINER (17) 13 12

FORWARD BAND APPLY PIN (21)

The forward band assembly (688), located behind the forward servo assembly (12-22), is applied or ON during all forward gear ranges. The band wraps around the 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (681-687) and is held in position by the band anchor pin (117). When compressed by the forward servo assembly (12-22), it holds the 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (681-687) allowing the transaxle to operate in all forward drive ranges.

25

APPLY COMPONENTS
1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY
1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (681-687)

The 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (681-687), located between the reaction sun gear drum (678) and final drive internal gear (693), holds the reaction sun gear drum (678) during Overdrive Range First and Second Gear Ranges.
1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH HOLDING:

reaction sun gear drum (678) is held to provide power flow through the reaction carrier (675).
1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH RELEASE:

In Park, Neutral and Reverse Gear Ranges, the 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (681-687) and the reaction sun gear drum (678) rotate freely in the opposite direction of the driven sprocket (506). When the forward band assembly (688) is applied it stops the rotation of the 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (681-687). Since the reaction sun gear drum (678) has tabs splined to the inner race (681), the roller assembly (683) is forced to the narrow end of the ramp and wedges between the inner race (681) and outer race (687). When this occurs, the

The 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (681-687) releases when it overruns or when the forward band assembly (688) is not Applied. An overrunning condition occurs when the transaxle is in Overdrive Third or Fourth Gear Range and also in Manual Third Gear Range. Power flow through the reaction carrier assembly (675) causes the reaction sun gear drum (678) to rotate. The inner race (681) is also forced to rotate in the same direction as the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678) moving the rollers to the wide end of the ramp. When this occurs, the 1/2 support roller clutch (683) releases and the 1/2 support inner race (681) overruns the stationary 1/2 support roller clutch outer race (687).
1/2 SUPPORT OUTER RACE (687) 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER ASSEMBLY (683)

OUTER RACE (687) HELD STATIONARY OUTER RACE (687)

1/2 SUPPORT INNER RACE (681)

HELD

SPACER (684) 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH HOLDING INNER RACE (681)

ROLLER ASSEMBLY (683)

G DIN OL H

INNER RACE (681) HOLDING - PREVENTS THE REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM (678) FROM ROTATING OPPOSITE TO INPUT HOUSING ROTATION

OUTER RACE (687) HELD STATIONARY OUTER RACE (687)

HELD

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH OVERRUNNING ROLLER ASSEMBLY (683) INNER RACE (681) SNAP RING (682) 684 685 687 BUSHING (686) THRUST BEARING (685)

INNER RACE (681) ROTATES AS THE OUTER RACE (687) REMAINS STATIONARY

681

682

683

26

Figure 26

PLANETARY GEAR SETS


PLANETARY GEAR SETS:

Planetary gear sets are commonly used in an automatic transaxle and they are the main mechanical devices responsible for automatically changing gear ratios. The physical arrangement of its component parts and their rotation around an axis (center line to the axles) is the primary reason why a planetary gear set was given this name. This arrangement not only provides for a strong and compact transaxle component, but it also evenly distributes the energy forces flowing through the gear set. Another benefit gained by this arrangement is that gear clash (a common occurrence with manual transmissions) is eliminated because the gear teeth are always in mesh.
General Component Arrangement and Function:

sible condition also exits and that is when input torque equals output torque. This condition is called direct drive because neither reduction nor overdrive occurs through the gear set. To achieve these various operating conditions, specific components of the gear set must provide the input torque while other components must be held stationary. Detailed explanations of these gear set functions are provided on pages 28 and 29.
Torque vs Speed:

All planetary gear sets contain at least three main components:


a sun gear a carrier assembly with planet pinion gears, and an internal gear.

One of the main components, the sun gear, is located at the center of the planetary gear set and has planet pinion gears revolving around it. These planet pinion gears have gear teeth that are in constant mesh with the sun gear and an internal ring gear that encompasses the entire gear set. Torque from the engine (input torque) is transferred to the gear set and forces at least one of these components to rotate. Since all three main components are in constant mesh with each other, the remaining components are often forced to rotate as a reaction to the input torque. After input torque passes through a gear set, it changes to a lower or higher torque value known as output torque. Output torque then becomes the force that is transmitted to the vehicles drive axles. As stated above, when engine torque is transferred through a gear set, the output torque from the gear set either increases or decreases. If output torque is higher than input torque, then the gear set is operating in reduction (1st and 2nd gear ranges). On the other hand, if output torque is lower than input torque, then the gear set is operating in overdrive (4th gear). A third pos-

Another transaxle operating condition directly affected by input and output torque through a gear set is the relationship of torque with output speed. As an automatic transaxle shifts from 1st to 2nd to 3rd to 4th gear, the overall output torque to the wheels decreases as the speed of the vehicle increases (when input speed and input torque are held constant). Higher output torque and lower output speed is used in 1st gear to provide the necessary power for moving heavy loads. However, once the vehicle is moving and the speed of the vehicle increases, less torque is required to maintain that speed. This arrangement provides for a more efficient operation of the powertrain.
Hydra-matic 4T60-E Gear Sets:

The Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle combines two gear sets that provide five gear ratios (four forward and one reverse) for transferring torque to the drive axles. The four main components used in these gear sets are:
the input sun gear (668) the input carrier assembly (672) with an internal gear for the reaction carrier the reaction carrier assembly (675) with an internal gear for the input carrier, and the reaction sun gear and drum assembly (678).

Another gear set used in the Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle is the final drive differential assembly (700). Information regarding its purpose and function is discussed on page 30.

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION SUN GEAR (678)

Figure 27

27

PLANETARY GEAR SETS


REDUCTION:

Increasing the torque is generally known as operating in reduction because there is always a decrease in the speed of the output member proportional to the increase in the output torque. Stated in another way, with a constant input speed, the output torque increases as the output speed decreases. Reduction occurs in First Gear and Second Gear Ranges, when the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678) is held stationary through the 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (681-687). The planetary pinions on the reaction carrier assembly (675) are forced to rotate in a counterclockwise direction and walk around the stationary reaction sun gear drum assembly (678). This rotation of the reaction carrier assembly (675) allows the transaxle to operate in gear reduction.
DIRECT DRIVE:

Direct drive occurs in Overdrive Range Third Gear when the second clutch assembly (617-627) drives the input carrier assembly (672) while the third sprag clutch assembly (650653) prevents the input sun gear (668) from turning faster than turbine speed. With these two members of the planetary gear set rotating in the same direction and at the same speed the transaxle is operating in direct drive.
OVERDRIVE:

Operating a transaxle in overdrive enables the output speed of the transaxle to be greater than the input speed. This mode of operation allows a vehicle to maintain a relatively high road speed with a reduced engine speed to improve fuel economy. When the transaxle is operating in overdrive, the output speed increases while the output torque decreases proportionally. Overdrive occurs in Overdrive Range Fourth Gear when the input sun gear (668) is held stationary by the fourth clutch shaft (504) and power is applied to the input carrier assembly (672). The input carrier planetary pinions walk around the stationary input sun gear (668) driving the reaction carrier assembly (675) faster than the input carrier assembly (672). The transaxle is now capable of operating in overdrive.
REVERSE:

Direct drive is obtained when any two members of the planetary gear set rotate in the same direction at the same speed forcing the third member to also rotate at the same speed. In this mode of operation the planetary pinion gears do not rotate on their pins, but act as wedges to drive the entire gear set as one rotating part. Thus, the output speed of the transaxle is the same as the input speed from the torque converter turbine. Output speed will equal engine speed when the torque converter clutch is applied (see torque converter, page 12).

A planetary gear set reverses its direction of rotation when the input carrier is held stationary and power is applied to a sun gear. This causes the planet pinions to act as idler gears thus driving the output member in the opposite direction. Reverse direction of rotation occurs in Reverse Gear Range when the input carrier assembly (672) is held stationary through the reverse band assembly (615) and reverse reaction drum (669). The input sun gear (668) provides the power to the input carrier pinion gears thus driving the reaction carrier assembly (675) in the opposite direction. The transaxle is now operating in reverse.
(668) DRIVING

REDUCTION FIRST GEAR

(672) DRIVEN

(675) DRIVING DRIVEN INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672) DRIVING INPUT SUN GEAR (668) DRIVING REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

(675) DRIVEN

(672) DRIVING

(678) HELD

INTERNAL GEARS

HELD REACTION SUN GEAR (678)

28

Figure 28

PLANETARY GEAR SETS


REDUCTION SECOND GEAR (675) DRIVEN DRIVING INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672) DRIVEN REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

(672) DRIVING

(678) HELD

INTERNAL GEARS DRIVEN REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

HELD REACTION SUN GEAR (678)

DIRECT DRIVE THIRD GEAR

(672) DRIVING

(668) DRIVING DRIVING INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

DRIVING INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

(675) DRIVEN

INTERNAL GEARS DRIVEN REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

OVERDRIVE FOURTH GEAR (672) DRIVING

(668) HELD HELD INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

DRIVING INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

(675) DRIVEN

INTERNAL GEARS DRIVEN REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

REVERSE

(672) HELD

(668) DRIVING DRIVING INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

HELD INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

(675) DRIVEN

INTERNAL GEARS

Figure 29

29

FINAL DRIVE COMPONENTS


510

689

693

694

696

697

700

713

FINAL DRIVE AND DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLIES:

All Hydra-matic transaxles (transversely mounted to the body) are required to transfer the power from the final drive sun gear shaft (689) to the drive axles of the vehicle. This is accomplished by the final drive and differential components located at the output end of the gear train. These components perform the same function as the rear axle assembly found in all rear wheel drive vehicles.
FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR (693) DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER (700) SPEED SENSOR ROTOR (713)

OUTPUT SHAFT (510)

LUBE PASSAGES

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689)

FINAL DRIVE PLANETARY PINION (711)

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697)

FINAL DRIVE ASSEMBLY:

The final drive assembly is a planetary gear set consisting of: a final drive internal gear (693) splined to the case (3); a final drive sun gear (697) splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689); and, the final drive planetary pinions located in the differential and final drive carrier assembly (700). The final drive planetary gear set operates in reduction at all times. Power through the final drive sun gear shaft (689) drives the final drive sun gear (697) in the same direction as engine rotation, but forces the final drive planetary pinion gears (711)

to rotate in the opposite direction inside the final drive internal gear (693). Since the final drive internal gear (693) is held stationary by the case (3), the differential and final drive carrier assembly (700) rotates in the same direction as engine rotation. The gear ratio of the final drive and differential assemblies performs the same functions as the ring and pinion gears in a conventional rear axle unit. It is a fixed final drive axle ratio that is required to match the engine power and drive train to the vehicle requirements for all normal operating conditions.

30

Figure 30

DIFFERENTIAL COMPONENTS
DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER ASSEMBLY:

The (final drive) differential carrier assembly (700) provides the means for allowing one driving wheel to travel faster than the other when the vehicle is going around corners or curves. (The wheel on the outside of the curve has to turn faster.) The differential carrier assembly (700) consists of: a differential and final drive carrier assembly; four bevelled gears; and, a differential pinion shaft (701). Two bevelled gears, the differential side gears (705), are splined to the axle shafts (the left hand axle shaft is splined to the output shaft (510) which connects with the side gear). The other two bevelled gears, the differential pinion gears (704), act as idlers to transfer the power from the differential carrier (700) to the differential side gears (705). The differential pinion gears (704) also balance the power load between the differential side gears (705) while allowing unequal axle rotation speeds when the vehicle is in a curve.

700

701

704

705 705 704

TURNING

DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER (700)

OUTER WHEEL 110% DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER SPEED

IN

L TURNS FAS WHEE ER TE UT R O EEL TURNS S LO WH W ER E N


R

OUTPUT SHAFT (510) RIGHT AXLE SHAFT

DIFFERENCE OF WHEEL TRAVEL AS A VEHICLE MAKES A 180 DEGREE TURN.

INNER WHEEL 90% DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER SPEED

100% DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER SPEED

When the vehicle is driven in a straight line, the differential pinion gears (704), differential side gears (705) and differential carrier (700) rotate as a fixed unit. The end result is both axle shafts rotate in the same direction as engine rotation for all forward gear ranges.

DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER STRAIGHT AHEAD (700)

OUTPUT SHAFT (510) RIGHT AXLE SHAFT

BOTH WHEELS TURNING AT SAME SPEED

ALL PARTS ROTATING AT DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER SPEED

Figure 31

31

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


The previous sections of this book were used to describe some of the mechanical component operation of the Hydra-matic 4T60-E. In the Hydraulic Control Components section a detailed description of individual components used in the hydraulic system will be presented. These hydraulic control components apply and release the clutch packs and bands to provide automatic shifting of the transaxle.

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

CHANNEL PLATE ASSEMBLY (400)

REVERSE SERVO ASSEMBLY (39-49)

OIL PUMP BODY ASSEMBLY (200)

CONTROL VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY (300)

1-2 & 2-3 ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY (124-140)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO ASSEMBLY (103-116)

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY (15-22)

Figure 32

33

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


OIL PUMP ASSEMBLY
205

201

208 210 209

The oil pump assembly (200) contains a variable displacement vane type pump located in the oil pump body (202). When the engine is cranking, the oil pump drive shaft assembly (227), which is splined to the converter cover, turns the oil pump rotor (210) at cranking speed. As the oil pump rotor (210) and pump vanes (211) begin to rotate, the volume of fluid between the vanes is at its maximum, creating a vacuum at the pump intake port. This vacuum allows atmospheric pressure (acting on the fluid in the sump) to prime the pump quickly and pressurize the hydraulic system when the engine is running. Fluid from the transaxle oil pan (24) is drawn through the filter assembly (100) and into the pump intake circuit. Fluid is then forced to rotate around the oil pump slide (214) to the pump outlet where the clearance between the oil pump slide (214) and oil pump rotor (210) decreases. Transaxle fluid is then forced out of the pump into the line fluid passage and called line pressure thereby providing the main supply of fluid to the various components and hydraulic curcuits in the transaxle. Since the pump assembly (200) is bolted to the control valve assembly (300), it also functions as a device that transfers fluids to other components within the transaxle. The events described above occur when the pump is operating with maximum output. Since most normal driving conditions do not require maximum output, a calibrated decrease pressure from the pressure regulator valve (313) is applied to the backside of the oil pump slide (214). Decrease pressure moves the slide against pump priming spring pressure to lower the output of the pump. When the pump priming springs (222-223) are compressed and the oil pump slide contacts the oil pump body, minimum pump output occurs.

211

209

222 223

212 213

214

220

215 221

202

219

LINE

LINE

LINE

CONV FD

CONV FD

LINE

LINE

215

215

PRESS REG

211 210 209 202 222

211
EX

210 209

LINE

LINE

EX PRN LO-1ST

EX

REV

202 222

LINE

MOD

223

220

221

223 220

221

MAXIMUM PUMP OUTPUT

MINIMUM PUMP OUTPUT

34

Figure 33

SUCTION

LINE

SUCTION

LINE

MOD

LINE

REV

PRN LO-1ST

DECREASE

DECREASE

EX

214

214

PRESS REG

AIR BLEED

AIR BLEED

LINE

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


PRESSURE REGULATION
In order for pump output to become pressurized, there needs to be a restriction in the line fluid passage. The main restricting component that is used to control line pressure is the pressure regulator valve (313), located in the valve body (300). When the pump is operating at maximum output, initial engine start up or full throttle operation, line pressure from the pump moves the pressure regulator valve (313) against spring force. This allows line pressure to quickly fill the converter feed passage and also enter the decrease passage. Decrease fluid pressure acts on the pump slide to overcome the spring force of the pump priming springs (222, 223) and moves the slide. As the slide moves towards the center of the pump body (202), clearance on the intake side of the oil pump slide (214) and oil pump rotor (210) decreases. This movement of the oil pump slide (214) lowers the pump output capacity to maintain proper line pressures. The position of the oil pump slide (214) and pressure regulator valve (313) constantly change depending on vehicle operation and the amount of fluid pressure and volume needed to operate the transaxle. The fluid pressure required to apply clutches and bands also varies in relation to throttle opening and engine torque. The vacuum modulator assembly (32) provides the means to regulate line pressure in response to throttle position.

LINE

LINE

LINE

CONV FD

CONV FD

LINE

LINE

PRESS REG

PRESS REG

LINE

LINE (From Pump)

LINE (From Pump)

EX

LINE

EX

EX

REV

REV

PRN LO-1ST

PRN LO-1ST

LINE

MOD

PRN

PRN

MOD

LINE

LINE

LINE

12D DN R

P
PRN LO D-4

12D DN R

LINE

LINE

LINE

LO

D-4

EX

MANUAL VALVE

EX
EX REV

MANUAL VALVE

D-2

D-3

D-2

PRN

D-3

PRN

REV

NORMAL PRESSURE

BOOSTED PRESSURE

EX

EX

EX

PRN

Figure 34

DECREASE

DECREASE

EX

35

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


VACUUM MODULATOR
The vacuum modulator assembly (32), located just below the electrical connector (35) in the case (3), serves three primary functions. First, it provides boost pressure to the pressure regulator valve (313) in response to engine manifold vacuum. Second, it is used in the accumulator system to enhance the shift quality of clutch apply. Third, it compensates for low barometric pressures when the vehicle is driven at high altitudes.
VACUUM MODULATOR AND LINE BOOST:

pressure from the modulator valve (34) is fed to the primary and secondary 1-2 accumulator valves (341, 347); the 2-3 accumulator valve (343); and, the 3-4 accumulator valve (350). Modulator pressure at the valves acts as a bias to regulate accumulator pressure in response to changes in engine manifold vacuum. Through this system, the vacuum modulator assembly (32) moderates the apply and release of clutch packs to maintain a consistent shift quality.
VACUUM MODULATOR AND ALTITUDE COMPENSATION:

The vacuum modulator assembly (32) will boost line pressure by responding to low engine vacuum. When the throttle is opened quickly, engine manifold vacuum drops, allowing the diaphragm and plunger inside the vacuum modulator to move. When the plunger moves deeper in the bore it also forces the modulator valve (34) to move. Line pressure can now feed into the modulator fluid passage to the line boost valve (304) at the pressure regulator valve train (302-313). Pressure forces the line boost valve (304) to move, boosting line pressures.
VACUUM MODULATOR AND ACCUMULATION:

The vacuum modulator assembly (32) is used in the accumulator system to enhance the shift quality of clutch apply. Modulator

The type of vacuum modulator assembly (32) used on the Hydramatic 4T60-E contains an altitude compensating vacuum diaphragm. When the vehicle is operated at high altitudes, it compensates for: the lower engine manifold vacuum supply to the vacuum modulator (32); and, the lower atmospheric pressure acting on the bellows to maintain shift quality. The lower atmospheric pressure surrounding the bellows allows it to expand, thereby decreasing the force of the spring located inside the bellows. The effect is less engine manifold vacuum is now required to move the diaphragm and modulator valve (34) in order to maintain smooth and consistent shifts at all altitudes.

SOL B OFF

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

SOL B OFF

PRIMARY TRIM

PRIMARY TRIM

EX

EX

EX

D-4

D-4

EX

2-3 ACCUM
EX

1-2 ACCUM
EX

2-3 ACCUM
EX

1-2 ACCUM
EX

D-4

D-4

MOD

MOD

D-4

D-4

2-3 AC

2-3 AC

MOD

LINE

EX

EX

MOD

EX

MOD

LINE

REV

PRESS REG

LINE

REV

PRESS REG
EX

LINE (From Pump)


DIAPHRAGM

LINE (From Pump)

BELLOWS (EXPANDED)

PLUNGER

DIAPHRAGM BELLOWS (COLLAPSED) PLUNGER

EX MOD LINE MOD

MOD

MOD

VENT
MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32) ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE VENT (37) MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

VENT

ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE

HIGH ENGINE MANIFOLD VACUUM

LOW ENGINE MANIFOLD VACUUM

36

Figure 35

MOD LINE MOD


VENT (37)

EX

DECREASE PRN LO-1ST

DECREASE PRN LO-1ST

LINE

MOD

CONV FD

CONV FD

MOD

MOD

3-4 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


VALVES LOCATED IN CHANNEL PLATE
2ND CL 4TH CL REVERSE

12D DN R

LO BLOW OFF VALVE (407):

The lo blow off valve (407) is a pressure relief valve that exhausts excess lo-1st fluid pressures above 448 kPa (65 psi) in the 3rd clutch apply circuit.
MANUAL VALVE (404):

PRN

EX LO-1ST SERVO APPLY 2ND CL 4TH CL


LO BLOW OFF

EX D-2 D-3

LO

LINE

D-4

MANUAL VALVE
PRN PRN REV REV EX EX

The manual valve (404) is fed by line pressure from the pressure regulator valve (313) and is mechanically linked to the gear selector lever. When a gear range is selected, the manual valve directs line pressure into the various circuits by opening and closing feed passages. The circuits that are fed by the manual valve (404) are: Reverse, PRN, D-4, D-3, D-2, and Lo.
TCC BLOW OFF CHECKBALL LINEUP (417-420):

3RD CL D-3

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

SERVO APPLY

3RD CL

2ND CL

RELEASE #1 APPLY RELEASE EX TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420)

402 403 404

4TH CL

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

The TCC blow off checkball (420) is held closed by spring force from the TCC blow off spring (418). If converter clutch release or apply fluid pressure exceeds 690 kPa (100 psi), the checkball moves against spring force to exhaust the excess pressure.

3-4 ACCUM

3RD CL

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

405 401 406 407

423 422 421 420 428 424 425 NOTE: 3-4 ACCUMULATOR SPRING (OUTER, MIDDLE AND/OR INNER) CONFIGUATION IS MODEL DEPENDANT. 426 427 418 417 419

Figure 36

37

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


VALVES LOCATED IN THE VALVE BODY
PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE TRAIN (302-313) Pressure Regulator Valve (313):

through the solenoid to the converter clutch regulator valve (330).


CONVERTER CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE TRAIN (328-333) Converter Clutch Regulator Valves (332 & 334):

Shift Solenoid B (315):

The pressure regulator valve (313) directs line pressure to: the manual valve; the converter feed circuit to control hydraulic apply and release of the converter clutch; the decrease passage to regulate pump output.
Reverse Boost Valve (310):

Acted on by PRN fluid from the manual valve (404) and lo-1st fluid, it moves against pressure regulator valve spring (311 & 312) pressure. This increases line pressure in Park, Reverse and Neutral in response to a high percentage of throttle travel. In Manual First gear range, lo-1st fluid moves the valve to boost line pressures.
Line Boost Valve (304):

The converter clutch regulator valves are biased by PWM and MOD fluid pressures in order to regulate line pressure passing through the valve. PWM fluid pressure acting on the end of the valve combines with the spring force from the converter clutch regulator valve springs (331 & 333). In this manner, line pressure is regulated before it is routed to the converter clutch apply valve (335).
CONVERTER CLUTCH APPLY VALVE TRAIN (314-316, 335-336) TCC Solenoid (315):

Shift Solenoid B (315) is an ON/OFF type solenoid that receives its voltage supply through the ignition switch. The PCM controls the solenoid by providing a ground to energize it in: Park; Reverse; Neutral; Overdrive Range First and Second Gear; and also, Manual Second and Manual First Gear Ranges. When energized (ON), its exhaust port closes, allowing filtered line pressure into solenoid B fluid passage. When the PCM removes the ground, the solenoid is OFF allowing line pressure to exhaust through the solenoid.
3-4 / 4-3 SHIFT VALVE TRAIN (358-362) 3-4 Shift Valve (362):

Acted on by modulator fluid pressure, it moves against the reverse boost valve (310) and pressure regulator spring force (311, 312) to increase line pressure. Its function is in response to changes in engine manifold vacuum supply to the vacuum modulator assembly (32).
1-2 SHIFT VALVE TRAIN (314-318) Shift Solenoid A (315):

Shift Solenoid A (315) is an ON/OFF type solenoid that receives its voltage supply through the ignition switch. The PCM controls the solenoid by providing a ground to energize it in: Park, Reverse, Neutral, Overdrive Range First and Fourth Gear; and also Manual First Gear. When energized (ON), its exhaust port closes, it moves the 1-2 shift valve and allows filtered line pressure to enter the solenoid A fluid passage. When the PCM removes the ground, the solenoid is OFF allowing line pressure to exhaust through the solenoid.
1-2 Shift Valve (318):

The TCC solenoid (315) is an ON/OFF type solenoid that receives its voltage supply through the ignition switch while the PCM provides the ground. When the solenoid is de-energized, or OFF, TCC signal fluid is exhausted through the solenoid. When energized, or ON during Overdrive Range Third or Fourth Gear, and also Manual Third Gear Range, its exhaust port closes allowing TCC signal pressure to move the converter clutch apply valve against spring force and line pressure.
Converter Clutch Apply Valve (335):

The 3-4 shift valve (362) is controlled by solenoid A pressure on one end of the valve and the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) at the other. When downshifted, input clutch feed pressure can apply or release the input clutch depending on the gear range. When upshifted by solenoid A fluid pressure, 3rd fluid is allowed to enter the 4th and 4th clutch circuits to apply the 4th clutch.
4-3 Manual Downshift Valve (360):

The 1-2 shift valve responds to solenoid A fluid pressure, force from the 1-2 shift valve spring (317) and solenoid B off fluid pressure. Depending on the position of the valve, it will route D-4 fluid into the 2nd fluid passage or lo fluid into the lo-1st fluid passage.
Pressure Relief Valve (321):

When the TCC solenoid is OFF, the converter clutch apply valve (335) is held by the converter clutch spring (336) and line pressure. In this position, converter feed pressures enter the torque converter clutch release circuit and apply fluid flows around the valve into the cooler circuit. When the TCC solenoid (315) is ON, TCC signal fluid moves the valve against line pressure and spring force. When shifted, it directs regulated line fluid into the apply passage; converter feed fluid into the cooler passage, and, allows converter release fluid to exhaust.
Forward Servo Boost Valve (367):

The 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) is controlled by solenoid B pressure acting on one side of the valve and spring force from the 4-3 manual downshift valve spring (361) on the other side. When solenoid B is ON, solenoid B pressure moves the valve against spring force to hold the 34 shift valve (362).
2-3 / 3-2 SHIFT VALVE TRAIN (353-357) 3-2 Manual Downshift Valve (356):

The 3-2 manual downshift valve (356) is controlled by solenoid B pressures and spring force from the 3-2 downshift valve spring (355). When solenoid B is ON, solenoid B pressure moves the valve against the 2-3 shift valve (367) to prevent a 2-3 upshift.
2-3 Shift Valve (357):

Prevents line pressure from exceeding 1,690-2,480 kPa (245-360 psi). Excess line pressure unseats the checkball allowing it to exhaust.
Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) Solenoid (325):

Voltage supply is through the ignition switch while the PCM provides the ground and current to energize the solenoid in: Overdrive Range Third and Fourth gear; and, Drive Range Manual Third. The solenoid regulates PWM feed pressure entering the PWM passage to the converter clutch regulator valve (330) thereby controlling the converter clutch apply pressure. When the solenoid is OFF, full line pressure passes

Held by spring force, it opens during hard acceleration to allow D-4 feed fluid to enter the servo apply passage, by-passing the feed orifice and thermo element in the spacer plate (370). This provides for a quick fill of the drive servo apply passage and quick apply of the forward band assembly (690) to prevent slippage during abusive shifts from Park or Neutral to Drive.
Reverse Servo Boost Valve (367):

The 2-3 shift valve (357) is controlled by line pressure acting on one end of the valve and, valve position of the 3-2 downshift valve (356) at the other end. Depending on the position of the manual valve (404), solenoid A (315) and solenoid B (315) state (ON or OFF), the 2-3 shift valve (357) directs:
line pressure into the input feed passage D-4 pressure into the auxiliary input clutch feed passage D-4 pressure into the 3rd passage D-3 pressure into the input feed passage D-2 pressure into the manual 2-1 servo feed passage 3rd fluid to exhaust at the valve

Held by spring force, it opens during hard acceleration to allow reverse fluid to enter the reverse servo passage, by-passing the feed orifice. This provides for a quick fill of the reverse servo passage and quick apply of the reverse band (615) to prevent band slippage during abusive shifts from Park of Neutral to Reverse.

38

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


VALVES LOCATED IN THE VALVE BODY
3-4 ACCUMULATOR AND 1-2 ACCUMULATOR (SECONDARY) VALVE TRAIN (346-352) 3-4 Accumulator Valve (350):

The 3-4 accumulator valve (350) is biased by modulator pressure and spring force from the 3-4 accumulator spring (351). It regulates the amount of D-4 pressure passing through the valve and entering the 3-4 accumulator circuit.
1-2 Accumulator (Secondary) Valve (347):

(347) regulates 1-2 accumulator pressure in proportion to modulator pressure and spring force from the 1-2 accumulator (secondary) spring (348). It regulates the amount of primary trim pressure from the 1-2 accumulator (primary) valve (341) and directs it into the 1-2 accumulator circuit.
2-3 / 1-2 ACCUMULATOR VALVE TRAIN (339-345) 1-2 Accumulator (Primary) Valve (341):

one end of the valve and spring force from the 1-2 accumulator spring (340) at the other end. It regulates the amount of D-4 fluid passing through the valve and entering the primary trim passage to the (secondary) 1-2 accumulator valve (347).
2-3 Accumulator Valve (343):

The 1-2 accumulator (secondary) valve

The 1-2 accumulator (primary) valve (341) is biased by modulator pressure acting on

The 2-3 accumulator valve (343) is biased by modulator pressure and spring force from the 2-3 accumulator spring (344). It regulates 2-3 accumulator circuit pressure in proportion to modulator and auxiliary input clutch feed pressure.

DECREASE CONV FD

CONV FD

LO-1ST

LINE INPUT CL FEED INPUT CL FEED

PRN

LINE

LINE

REV SRVO

D-4

EX
REV

D SRV AP

EX

FWD BST

LINE
A SOL LINE 4TH LO LO-1ST

REV

PRESS REG
EX

REV BST

MOD

EX

B SOL B SOL

EX

B SOL
EX N.O.

LINE LO LO-1ST A

3RD IN CL FD

4TH 4TH
EX

D-4

INPUT CL AUX INPUT CL FD

A SOL
N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT
3RD
EX

3-4 SHIFT
A
4TH/4TH CL

4-3 DOWN
B SOL D-3 D-3 D-4 D-2

A SOL 2ND 3RD B SOL OFF LINE


D-4
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (321)

D-3
EX
EX

3RD B SOL OFF

D-4

2-3 SHIFT
LINE

3-2 DOWN
B SOL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD LINE AUX INPUT CL FD PRIMARY TRIM B OFF
SEC 1-2 ACCUM

B SOL OFF 3RD PWM FEED

LINE
SOL B OFF

PWM SOL
REGULATED LINE REG LINE PWM MOD

3-4 ACCUM

EX

EX

CONV CL
LINE CONV FEED
EX

REG

1-2 ACCUM 1-2 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM MOD MOD
EX

MOD

LINE

2-3 AC

2-3 AC

MOD

EX

RELEASE CONV FEED COOLER APPLY

TCC SIG

D-4

D-4

EX

OFF

MOD

EX

C.C. SOL. EX
N.O.

R LINE

PWM PWM MOD D-4 4TH OR 4TH CL 4TH EX D-4

D-4

EX

CONV

CL

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM
PRIMARY TRIM PRIMARY TRIM
CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

Figure 37

39

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


ACCUMULATORS
In the Hydra-matic 4T60-E, accumulators are used in the 2nd, 3rd and 4th clutch apply circuits to control shift feel. An accumulator is a spring-loaded device that absorbs a certain amount of fluid pressure in a circuit to cushion clutch engagement according to engine torque. The clutch apply fluid pressure acts against spring force and modulator biased accumulator pressure to act like a shock absorber. During the apply of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th clutch packs apply fluid overcomes the clutch piston return springs and begins to compress the clutch plates. When the clearance between the clutch plates is taken up by piston travel and the clutch begins to apply, pressure in the circuit builds up rapidly. Without an accumulator in the circuit, this rapid buildup of fluid pressure would cause the clutch to grab very quickly and create a harsh shift. However, accumulator spring force and accumulator fluid pressure is designed to absorb some of the clutch apply fluid pressure allowing for a more gradual apply of the clutch. The force of the accumulator spring and accumulator fluid pressure together control the rate at which a clutch applies. In the Hydra-matic 4T60-E, accumulator pressure varies in proportion to the modulator pressure acting on the accumulator valves. Therefore, when modulator pressure is high, accumulator pressure will be high. Likewise, when modulator pressure is low, accumulator pressure will be low. Since modulator pressure is a function of throttle position, the accumulator valves regulate accumulator fluid pressure in proportion to throttle position to control shift feel.

1-2 ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY (135-137, 139A):

Shift feel for a 1-2 shift and durability of the 2nd clutch is largely dependent upon 2nd clutch fluid pressure used to apply the clutch. To control 2nd clutch apply pressure and shift feel, a 1-2 accumulator assembly (135-137, 139A) and 1-2 accumulator fluid pressure is used in addition to the 2nd clutch wave plate (623). Fluid pressure in the 1-2 accumulator passage occurs when D-4 fluid pressure is regulated at the (primary) 1-2 accumulator valve (341) by modulator pressure and spring force. Regulated D-4 fluid pressure is then directed into the primary trim fluid passage to the (secondary) 1-2 accumulator valve (347). As primary trim pressure passes through the (secondary) 1-2

accumulator valve (347), it is regulated by modulator pressure and spring force as it enters the 1-2 accumulator circuit. 1-2 accumulator pressure is then directed to the spring side of the 1-2 accumulator piston (136). When the 2nd clutch applies during a 1-2 shift, 2nd clutch pressure is fed to the 1-2 accumulator piston (136) and compresses the 1-2 accumulator spring (139A). When this occurs, 1-2 accumulator fluid is forced out of the accumulator housing (140) back to the (secondary) 1-2 accumulator valve (347) where it exhausts. Modulator pressure and spring force at the (secondary) 1-2 accumulator valve regulates exhausting 1-2 accumulator fluid to control 2nd clutch apply.

139A 137 136

EX

139C 139B

16

137 136 135 133 134 133 132 131

1-2 ACCUM

MOD

135

135

1-2 ACCUM
EX

NOTE: ACCUMULATOR SPRING USAGE VARIES WITH MODEL APPLICATION

PRIMARY TRIM
23 22

MOD

D-4

40

Figure 38

138A

137

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

19

1-2 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

138B

PRIMARY TRIM
18

136

140

SOME MODELS ONLY

PRIMARY TRIM

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

2ND CL

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


2-3 ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY (135-138B):

The 2-3 accumulator assembly (135-138B) functions basically the same as the 1-2 accumulator assembly. To control 3rd clutch apply pressure and shift feel, a 2-3 accumulator assembly (135-138B) and 2-3 accumulator pressure is used in addition to the 3rd clutch waved plate (645). Fluid pressure in the 2-3 accumulator passage occurs when D-4 fluid pressure is regulated at the 2-3 accumulator valve (343) by modulator pressure, spring force and Solenoid "B" OFF fluid. Regulated D-4 fluid pressure is then directed into the 2-3 accumulator circuit to the spring side of the 2-3 accumulator piston (136).
140 136 138B 138A 137 136 135 133 134 133 132 131 NOTE: ACCUMULATOR SPRING USAGE VARIES WITH MODEL APPLICATION 139B

When the 3rd clutch applies during a 2-3 shift, 3rd clutch pressure is fed to the 2-3 accumulator piston (136) and compresses the 23 accumulator springs (138A, 138B). When this occurs, 2-3 accumulator fluid is forced out of the accumulator housing (140) back to the 2-3 accumulator valve (343) where it exhausts. Modulator pressure and spring force at the 2-3 accumulator valve (343) regulates exhausting 2-3 accumulator fluid to control 3rd clutch apply.

SOME MODELS ONLY 139A 137

137 139C

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)


SOL B OFF

2-3 ACCUM
EX

2-3 ACCUM

136 135 135

26

25

24

MOD

D-4

3RD CL

Figure 39

3-4 ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY (421-424):

Again, the 3-4 accumulator (421-424) functions basically the same as the 1-2 accumulator assembly (135-137 & 139A) and the 2-3 accumulator assembly (135-138). To control 4th clutch apply pressure and shift feel, a 3-4 accumulator assembly (421424) and 3-4 accumulator pressure is used. Fluid pressure in the 3-4 accumulator passage occurs when D-4 fluid pressure is regulated at the 3-4 accumulator valve (350) by modulator pressure and spring force. Regulated D-4 fluid pressure is then directed into the 3-4 accumulator circuit, through
401

the hollow 3-4 accumulator pin (426) to the spring side of the 3-4 accumulator piston (428). When the 4th clutch applies during a 3-4 shift, 4th clutch pressure is fed to the 3-4 accumulator piston (426) and compresses the 34 accumulator springs (423-424). When this occurs, 3-4 accumulator fluid is forced out of the 3-4 accumulator cannister (421) back to the 3-4 accumulator valve (350) where it exhausts. Again, modulator pressure and spring force at the 3-4 accumulator valve (350) regulates exhausting 3-4 accumulator fluid to control the 4th clutch apply.

D-4

EX

422
17

4TH CL

421

3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

428 424 427 426 425 NOTE: 3-4 ACCUMULATOR SPRING (OUTER, MIDDLE AND/OR INNER) CONFIGUATION IS MODEL DEPENDANT.

MOD

15

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

Figure 40

423

3-4 ACCUM

41

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


CHECKBALL LOCATION AND FUNCTION
#1 CONVERTER CLUTCH RELEASE/APPLY: #7 LO / LO-1ST:

Located in the channel plate (400), it directs either release or apply fluid pressures to the TCC blow off checkball (420) in the channel plate (400).

Located in the valve body (300), it blocks the lo-1st passage when Drive Range Manual First gear is selected and sends lo fluid pressure to the 1-2 shift valve (318). Lo fluid passed through the valve and enters the lo-1st fluid circiut.

#2 2ND CLUTCH:

Located in the channel plate (400), it directs 2nd (apply) fluid through an orifice into the 2nd clutch passage. When the 2nd clutch releases, it seats in the channel plate (400) forcing 2nd clutch fluid through an orifice and into the 2nd fluid passage.

#8 D2 / MANUAL 2-1 SERVO FEED:

Located in the valve body (300), it is fed D-2 fluid from the manual valve (404) seating against manual 2-1 servo feed fluid. D-2 fluid is then directed to the 2-3 shift valve (357) where it enters the 2-1 manual servo feed passage.

#3 INPUT CLUTCH / PRN:

Located in the channel plate (400), it blocks the PRN passage to direct input clutch fluid to the input clutch during the appropriate gear range. In Park, Reverse or Neutral gear ranges, PRN fluid unseats the checkball and also feeds the input clutch.

#9 3RD / 3RD CLUTCH:

Located in the valve body (300), it forces 3rd fluid through a feed orifice into the 3rd clutch passage during apply of the 3rd clutch. When the 3rd clutch releases, 3rd clutch fluid seats the checkball against the 3rd passage forcing it through an orifice and into the 3rd fluid passage to the 2-3 shift valve (357).

#4 3RD CLUTCH / LO-1ST:

Located in the channel plate (400), during Overdrive Range Third Gear, it seats against the lo-1st passage allowing 3rd clutch fluid into the 3rd clutch/lo-1st passage to apply the 3rd clutch. During a 3-2 shift, it allows 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid to exhaust into the 3rd clutch fluid passage. In Drive Range Manual First, it seats against 3rd clutch fluid allowing lo-1st fluid to enter the 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid passage to apply the 3rd clutch.

#10 4TH / 4TH CLUTCH:

Located in the valve body (300), it is seated against the 4th clutch passage during apply of the 4th clutch, forcing 4th and 4th or 4th clutch fluid through a feed orifice to the 3-4 accumulator piston (428). When the 4th clutch is released, 4th clutch fluid seats the checkball against the 4th passage, allowing 4th clutch fluid to exhaust into the 4th or 4th clutch passage.

#5 REVERSE / REVERSE SERVO FEED:

Located in the valve body (300), it blocks the reverse servo feed passage forcing reverse fluid through an orifice before entering the reverse servo feed passage. When the manual valve (404) is moved out of Reverse gear range, the checkball unseats allowing reverse servo fluid to exhaust through the reverse fluid passage.

#6 D-4 / SERVO APPLY:

Located in the valve body (300), it blocks the forward servo apply passage and forces D-4 fluid pressure to the forward servo feed orifice and thermo element on the spacer plate (370). When the manual valve (404) is moved from Drive Range to Park or Neutral or Reverse, the checkball unseats to allow for a quick exhaust of the servo apply fluid and release of the forward band assembly (688).

42

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


14a

APPLY

CHECKBALL LOCATION AND FUNCTION

#3

#1
13b

RELEASE

2ND

28a

26e

33

32

26h

26g

26f

2ND CL

28c

#2

28b

EX

#4

INPUT CL

PRN

INPUT CL

7a

48c

48b

12

47c

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)


LO

REV SERVO

47b

45a

REV

46d

46c

30e

30f

#7

32a

32b
2

#9

45b

LO-1ST

LO

20a 19e

18h

19c

19d

10

19b

18k

19a

11

18g

#6

38b

43a

18f

D SRV AP

D-4

44d 44a
14

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

38d

40b

#10

40a

44c

38a

Figure 41

SERVO APPLY D-4

38c
20

#8

43c

44b
21

THERMO ELEMENT

30c

3RD

4TH D-2 4TH OR 4TH CL

30d

3RD CL

48a

47a

#5

3RD CL

32d 46a 46b

33a

LO-1ST

REVERSE
REV SERVO

2ND

#3

#4

#1

#2

CHANNEL PLATE (400)


#5 #6

#7

3RD CL/LO-1ST

#8

#10

#9

4TH CL

43

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


THERMOSTATIC ELEMENTS
THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT LOCATED ON SPACER PLATE

FLUID COLD -18C(0F)

FLUID HOT 32C(90F)

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENTS

The Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle utilizes two types of thermostatic elements to control fluid flow to various components inside the transaxle. These thermostatic elements contain temperature sensitive strips of metal that react to fluid temperature changes and open or close a fluid passage.
1/2 SERVO THERMO ELEMENT:

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT PLATE (104)

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (105) LOCATED ON CASE BOTTOM

This thermostatic element is located on the valve body spacer plate assembly (370) and is designed to control, through an orifice, D-4 fluid pressure that feeds into the drive servo apply passage. Drive servo apply fluid is then routed to the forward servo assembly to apply the forward band (688). The position of the 1/2 servo thermo element varies from a fully open position when fluid temperature is at -18C (0F) to a fully closed position at 32C (90F). At low temperatures, the thermo element is completely open to provide a large feed orifice for D-4 fluid to enter the drive servo apply circuit. As the fluid warms up and flows easier, the thermo element begins to close and restrict the feed orifice. When the fluid is warm, the thermo element is completely closed forcing D-4 fluid through a single orifice to stroke the forward servo assembly.
THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT:

The thermostatic element (121) is located on the case and is designed to control the fluid level in the case side cover pan (53). At low temperatures, the thermostatic element exerts little pressure on the thermostatic element plate (122) allowing fluid to drain into the sump. As the temperature of the fluid increases, the thermostatic element (121) begins to apply pressure to the thermostatic element plate (122), thereby trapping fluid in the case side cover pan (53). This level of transaxle fluid is required in order to maintain the operation of the hydraulic system in the transaxle. It should be noted that when checking the fluid level in a Hydramatic 4T60-E transaxle, it will be higher on the fluid level indicator when the transaxle is cold. Conversely, the fluid level will drop when checked at operating temperatures. This event is a result of the case thermostatic element (121) functioning as explained.

FLUID COLD

FLUID HOT

44

Figure 42

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
The Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle incorporates electronic controls that utilizes the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) to command shift points and, torque converter clutch (TCC) apply and release. Electrical signals from numerous sensors provides information to the PCM about vehicle speed, throttle position, engine coolant temperature, gear range selection and braking. The PCM uses this information to determine the precise moment to energize or de-energize various solenoids located inside the transaxle. Accordingly, the transaxle is enabled to shift into the appropriate gear range and apply or release the torque converter. This type of control provides for consistent and precise shift points that is based on the operating characteristics of the vehicle. If for any reason the entire electronic control system to the transaxle becomes disabled, the shift solenoids will be off (failsafe mode). This operating state of the solenoids permits the transaxle to operate in Third Gear providing the gear selector lever is
1 B A C

in the Overdrive Range. However, if the gear selector lever is moved to Drive Range - Manual Second (with solenoids disabled), the transaxle will operate in Second Gear range. The purpose for this is to allow the transaxle to hydraulically function in these gear ranges despite the disabled electronic controls. Another feature of the Hydra-matic 4T60-E is the manual hydraulic override of the electronic control system. When Drive Range - Manual Third or Second gear is selected, the 3-4 shift valve (362) or 2-3 shift valve (357) is hydraulically forced to move. The transaxle can now operate in the selected gear range regardless of solenoid state (ON/OFF). In Drive Range - Manual First gear however, the gear selection is completely electronic for safety, durability and driver pleasing reasons. This means that the PCM must electronically command the solenoids to be in first gear state in order for Manual First gear operation to be achieved.
G ALDL PCM

CRUISE CONTROL

INPUTS
INFORMATION SENSORS A. COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR (CTS) B. THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR (TPS) C. VACUUM SENSOR (VS) D. VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR (VSS) (10) E. PARK/NEUTRAL INDICATOR SWITCH F. TEMPERATURE SENSOR G. ENGINE SPEED SENSOR ELECTRONIC CONTROLLERS
q

OUTPUTS
ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED TRANSMISSION COMPONENTS 1. SHIFT SOLENOID "A" (315)

POWERTRAIN CONTROL MODULE (PCM) ASSEMBLY LINE DIAGNOSTIC LINK (ALDL) CRUISE CONTROL

2. PWM SOLENOID (325) 3. TCC SOLENOID (315)

4. SHIFT SOLENOID "B" (315)

Figure 43

45

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
SHIFT CONTROLS:

The Hydra-matic 4T60-E uses two ON/OFF shift solenoids with a 2-port design that provides for all forward gear ranges. These shift solenoids work together in a combination of ON or OFF sequences to direct fluid pressures to the various shift valves and apply components. The following table shows the solenoid state for each gear range:

GEAR RANGE Park/Reverse/Neutral First Second Third Fourth Solenoid A (315):

SOLENOID A ON ON OFF OFF ON

SOLENOID B ON ON ON OFF OFF

CONNECTOR SOLENOID FLUID EXHAUST PLUNGER

The PCM controls the ground for solenoid A (315) thereby commanding the solenoid ON or OFF, according to transaxle and vehicle operation. When the solenoid is OFF, filtered line pressure that is fed to the solenoid exhausts. When energized (ON), the exhaust port is blocked, stopping the exhaust of line pressure through the solenoid. Pressure on the end of the 1-2 shift valve (318) moves the valve against spring force, sending line pressure into the solenoid A fluid passage to the 3-4 shift valve (362).
Solenoid B (315):

METERING BALL COIL ASSEMBLY FRAME

"A", "B" & TCC SOLENOIDS (315)

PWM FLUID

PWM FEED FLUID

METERING BALL COIL ASSEMBLY FRAME EXHAUST

PWM SOLENOID (325)

46

CONNECTOR

Solenoid B (315) functions identically to solenoid A in that the PCM controls the ground to the solenoid, commanding it ON or OFF. When the solenoid is OFF, filtered line pressure feeding the solenoid exhausts. When energized (ON), the exhaust port is blocked, stopping the exhaust of line pressure and directing it into the solenoid B fluid passage. Solenoid B fluid pressure then feeds to the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) and the 3-2 manual downshift valve (356).
TCC CONTROLS:

Most Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle models also use two solenoids to control TCC/VCC apply and release. The first solenoid in this system is the pressure controlling solenoid. It is a normally open, Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) solenoid that acts as a direct bias on the converter clutch regulator valve (330). The other solenoid is an ON/OFF solenoid with a 2-port design that is identical to the two shift solenoids. This type system provides for accurate control of regulated apply pressure that feeds the apply side of the torque converter clutch plate.
Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) Solenoid (325):

The PCM controls the PWM solenoid (325) by varying its operating duty cycle (ON/OFF time) from 0% to 100%. Until the transaxle is operating in 3rd gear, the PWM solenoid (325) is OFF. In this state, filtered PWM feed pressure flows at maximum pressure through the solenoid and into the PWM circuit. When the solenoid is energized, it operates at 32 Hz (cycles per second) and from 0% to 100% duty cycle depending on vehicle operation. The PWM solenoid (325) is enabled to modulate the amount of PWM feed pressure passing through the solenoid sending it to the converter clutch regulator valve (330). At 0% duty cycle, the torque converter clutch will apply at maximum capacity while 100% duty cycle applies it at minimum capacity.
Torque Converter Clutch (TCC) Solenoid (315):

The Torque Converter Clutch (TCC) solenoid (315) is an ON/ OFF solenoid that functions in the same manner as solenoid A (315) and solenoid B (315). Just like the shift solenoids, the PCM provides the ground to command the solenoid ON or OFF. The only difference in operation is that ignition voltage is supplied through the normally closed (N.C.) brake switch to the solenoid. When the solenoid is OFF, and if the transaxle is operating in Third or Fourth gear, TCC signal fluid exhausts through the solenoid. When energized (ON), the exhaust port is blocked allowing TCC signal fluid pressure to move the converter clutch valve (335) against spring force and line pressure at the opposite end of the valve.

Figure 44

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
SPEED SENSOR (10)

COMPONENTS LOCATED IN TRANSAXLE


SPEED SENSOR ASSEMBLY (10) AND SPEED SENSOR ROTOR (713):
ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR MAGNETIC PICKUP

The Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) system is a pulse generator consisting of a speed sensor assembly (10), located in the case, and a toothed speed sensor rotor (713) pressed onto the final drive assembly (700). As the vehicle is driven forward, the speed sensor rotor (713) located near the magnetic pickup of the speed sensor assembly (10), also rotates. This rotation produces a variable voltage signal in the pickup coil that is proportional to vehicle speed. This information is then sent to the PCM to indicate how fast the vehicle is being driven and to develop the shift pattern for the transaxle. Other systems that use vehicle speed sensor information are: TCC apply and release; cruise control system; fuel delivery systems, and idle speed control system.

ROTOR (713)

SPEED SENSOR ASSEMBLY (10)

TEMPERATURE SENSORS:

There are two styles of temperature sensors that are used in the Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle. One sensor (used in some models) is screwed into the channel plate near the TCC accumulator bore and monitors fluid temperatures in the cooler circuit. The other style sensor is incorporated into the wiring harness and clips to the valve body spacer plate (370). This type sensor monitors transmission fluid temperatures in the side cover.
SENSOR FUNCTION AND TCC/VCC OPERATION:

The PCM inhibits TCC/VCC operation until transmission fluid temperature reaches approximately 45C (113F). At this temperature, the PCM will allow the TCC/VCC to engage providing the throttle position, gear range, and other vehicle operating conditions are appropriate.
HOT MODE OPERATION:

Both sensors are negative temperature coefficient thermistors that provide transmission fluid temperature information to the PCM. The PCM sends a 5 volt reference signal to the sensors and measures the voltage drop in the circuit. The internal resistance of the sensors change as the operating temperature of the transmission fluid changes. The PCM then uses this information for determining when to engage or disengage the TCC/VCC. (Refer to the charts that accompany each sensor illustration.)
PROBE BODY CONNECTOR

If transmission fluid temperatures become excessively high, above approximately 130C (266F), the PCM modifies shift pattern and TCC schedules to reduce the heat generated by fluid coupling in the torque converter. These events occur during hot mode operation when the PCM commands the transaxle into the lower gear ranges (3rd or 2nd gear) and applies the TCC. If a situation occurs where a short or open detected in the circuit, the PCM uses coolant temperature sensor information for transmission temperature.
PROBE BODY CONNECTOR

STATOR TEMPERATURE SENSOR (450)

SUMP TEMPERATURE SENSOR (391)

STATOR TEMPERATURE SENSOR RESISTANCE VS. TEMPERATURE


402382 209812 114023 64305 37498 22571 14006 8935 5844 3911 2676 1870 1331 964.7 710.2 530.9 402.6 309.3 240.6 189.3 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 100707 52684 28677 16176 9423 5671 3515 2237 1459 973 667 467 332 241 177 132 99.90 76.80 59.80 47.20 -40 -30 -20 -10

SUMP TEMPERATURE SENSOR RESISTANCE VS. TEMPERATURE

SENSOR RESISTANCE

SENSOR RESISTANCE

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90 100 110 120 130 140 150

TEMPERATURE C

TEMPERATURE C

Figure 45

47

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
COMPONENTS LOCATED EXTERNAL TO TRANSAXLE
Throttle Position Sensor (TPS): Engine Speed:

The PCM monitors the variable voltage input signal from this sensor to calculate throttle position (angle). These input signals are then used by the PCM to determine the appropriate shift pattern for the transaxle and TCC apply and release.
Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS):

Monitored by the PCM through the ignition module, is used to determine wide open throttle shift patterns and TCC apply and release.
Brake Switch:

Sends a pulsing voltage signal to the PCM that is a measurement of the speed of the final drive assembly (700). These input signals are then used by the PCM to determine the appropriate shift pattern for the transaxle and TCC apply and release.
Coolant Temperature Sensor (CTS):

Controls the TCC solenoid and cruise control operation by opening the circuit (disengaging) the TCC solenoid from the power feed source when the brake pedal is depressed.
The Park/Neutral Switch:

Provides variable resistance information to the PCM when the engine is cold or hot. When the engine is cold, resistance will be high, and when the engine is hot, resistance through the sensor will be low. The PCM measures this resistance and will not command TCC apply until the engine coolant temperature is above 54C (130F).
Cruise Control:

The Park/Neutral Switch (or PRNDL Switch), mounted on the transaxle manual shaft (807), provides selected transaxle gear range input to the PCM. The information sent to the PCM allows the engine to be started in Park or Neutral gear range, as well as providing TCC slip calculations for apply and release feel.

When this device is in operation, it provides a smooth pattern by requiring a time limit to be met during: a 3-2 and 2-3 shift; and, a 4-3 and 3-4 shift.

48

POWER FLOW
This section of the book describes how torque from the engine is transferred through the Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle allowing the vehicle to move either in a forward or reverse direction. The information that follows details the specific mechanical operation, electrical, hydraulic and apply components that are required to achieve a gear operating range. The full size, left hand pages throughout this section contain drawings of the mechanical components used in a specific gear range. Facing this full page is a half page insert containing a color coded range reference chart at the top. This chart is one of the key items used to understand the mechanical operation of the transaxle in each gear range. The text below this chart provides a detailed explanation of what is occurring mechanically in that gear range. The full size, right hand pages contain a simplified version of the Complete Hydraulic Circuit that is involved for each gear range. Facing this full page is a half page insert containing text and a detailed explanation of what is occurring hydraulically in that gear range. A page number located at the bottom of the half page of text provides a ready reference to the complete Hydraulic Circuits section of this book if more detailed information is desired. It is the intent of this section to provide an overall simplified explanation of the mechanical, hydraulic and electrical operation of the Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle. If the operating principle of a clutch, band or valve is unclear, refer to the previous sections of this book for individual components descriptions.

Figure 46

49

PARK
Engine Running
POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) INPUT CLUTCH *APPLIED INPUT SPRAG (664) *HOLDING NO POWER TRANSMITTED TO FINAL DRIVE (700)
SHIFT SOL "A" ON SHIFT SOL "B" ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND

PARK
Engine Running
2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH * INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH * 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

HELD DRIVE LINK ASSEMBLY (507) DRIVE SPROCKET (516) TURBINE SHAFT (518) INPUT SPRAG (664) *HOLDING INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

INPUT CLUTCH *APPLIED

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632) DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) HELD

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) FREEWHEELING

FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR (693)

PARKING GEAR (696) PARKING HELD LOCK PAWL (694) ENGAGED

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697) HELD

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689) HELD

1/2 ROLLER CLUTCH SUPPORT FREEWHEELING *APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

The Hydra-matic 4T60-E automatic transaxle requires a constant supply of pressurized fluid to cool and lubricate all the components throughout the unit. It also requires a holding force to be applied to the bands and clutches during the various gear range operation. The pump assembly (200) and control valve assembly (300) provide for the pressurization and distribution of fluid throughout the transaxle. The oil pump drive shaft assembly (227) is splined to the converter cover at one end and the oil pump rotor (210) at the other end. The converter assembly (1) is connected to the engine through the engine flywheel and rotates at engine speed. Therefore, the oil pump drive shaft assembly (227) and oil pump rotor (210) also rotate at engine speed. The fluid circulating inside the torque converter (1) creates a fluid coupling, which in turn drives the torque converter turbine. The turbine shaft (518), splined on one end to the torque converter turbine and the other to the drive sprocket (516), also rotates. Teeth on the drive sprocket (516) are engaged with the drive link assembly (507), which is also engaged with the teeth on the driven sprocket (506) causing all three components to rotate. The driven sprocket (506), splined to the input clutch housing & shaft assembly (632), forcing the input clutch housing to rotate. The input clutch assembly (637-640 & 654-659), splined to the input sprag outer race (665), is applied and forces the input clutch sprag assembly (662-665) to rotate. The inner race and retainer assembly (661), splined to the input sun gear (668), is forced to rotate through the holding sprag elements. Teeth on the input sun gear (668) are in mesh with the planet pinion gears in the input carrier assembly (672) forcing the input carrier assembly to rotate. The manual shaft (807) and manual valve (404) are in Park position with the parking lock actuator assembly (800) engaging the parking lock pawl with teeth on the parking gear (696). The parking gear (696) is splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689) preventing the shaft from rotating. The final drive sun gear shaft (689) has teeth in mesh with the planet pinion gears of the reaction carrier assembly (675). When it is held, power flow is terminated at the reaction carrier assembly (675). The final drive sun gear shaft (689) is also splined to the final drive sun gear (697). Likewise, when it is held, the final drive differential assembly (700) is held and the vehicle cannot move. NOTE: The vehicle should be completely stopped before selecting Park range or internal damage to the transaxle could occur. If Park is selected while the vehicle is moving, the parking pawl will ratchet in and out of the lugs on the parking gear until the vehicle slows to 5 km/h (3 mph). Also, the manual linkage must be adjusted properly so the indicator quadrants in the vehicle correspond with the inside detent lever (802) in the transaxle. If not properly adjusted, an internal leak between fluid passages at the manual valve (404) causing a clutch or band to slip, or it may cause the transaxle not to hold in Park. Refer to the appropriate General Motors Service Manual for the proper manual linkage adjustment procedures.

50

Figure 47

50A

PARK
Engine Running

PARK
Engine Running
DECREASE

DECREASE

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (321)

OIL PUMP

EX SUCTION

LINE

LUBE

EX

LO

D-2 D-3 D-4

LINE

REV

PRN

EX

LINE

LINE

PRN

LINE PRESSURE TAP (39)

CONV FD

A SOL LO-1ST LO 2ND

DECREASE

LINE

INPUT CL

LO-1ST MOD
31 6

PRN

A SOL
N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT
EX
B SOL OFF

EX

3RD D-4

LINE

ON

LINE

REV

PRESS REG

#3

EX

28

PWM

MOD

PWM SOL

A SOL

30

MOD

CONV FEED

EX

EX

CONV CL

REG

INPUT CL

REG LINE

TCC SIG

2ND

INPUT CL FEED EX 4TH 3RD

INPUT CL

LINE

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

LINE

C.C. SOL. EX
N.O.

MOD

CONV

CL

3-4 SHIFT
A SOL

EX RELEASE CONV FEED COOLER APPLY

LINE

OFF

D-3
4TH/4TH CL

LINE

MOD

MOD LINE

EX

EX EX

D-4

LINE 3RD

14

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD AUX INPUT CL FD

50B

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 76

EX

Figure 48

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN
D-2 B SOL

EX

EX

34

D-3

LINE

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

INPUT CL FD

MOD

B SOL OFF

LINE

B SOL
13

EX

AUX INPUT CL FD

PWM FEED

LINE

CONVERTER FEED

B SOL

B SOL
N.O.

ON

4-3 DOWN
B SOL

When the engine is started, the oil pump draws fluid from the transaxle oil pan (24), through the filter assembly (100) and into the oil pump assembly (200). This fluid is pressurized by the pump and directed into the line circuit which feeds various hydraulic control components, apply components and fluid circuits throughout the transaxle. Line pressure from the pump assembly (200) is directed to the pressure regulator valve (313) to regulate pump output in response to modulator pressure, PRN pressure at the reverse boost valve (310) and spring force from the pressure regulator valve springs (311-312). Line pressure at the pressure regulator valve (313) feeds into the decrease passage which is routed back to the oil pump slide (214) to regulate pump output. Line pressure passes through an orifice before entering the converter feed circuit which directs fluid to the converter clutch valve (335). Converter feed fluid at the converter clutch valve (335) passes through the valve into the release fluid circuit which is routed to the torque converter (1). Apply fluid from the torque converter (1) is directed to the converter clutch valve (335) where it passes through the valve into the cooler passage. Cooler fluid is then routed through the cooler and sent into the lube circuit throughout the transaxle. Line pressure from the pressure regulator valve is directed to the line pressure tap (38) and to the manual valve (404) where is enters the PRN fluid passage. PRN fluid is then routed back to the pressure regulator valve and to the #3 checkball (372) where it enters the input clutch fluid circuit. Line pressure is also routed to solenoid A (315), which is energized, forcing line fluid to enter the solenoid A fluid passage. Solenoid A fluid is then directed to the 3-4 shift valve (362) where it stops. Line pressure also feeds to solenoid B (315), which is energized, forcing line fluid into the solenoid B fluid circuit. Solenoid B fluid is then routed to the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) where it moves the valve against spring pressure, and to the spring side of the 3-2 manual downshift valve (356). Line pressure is directed to the 2-3 shift valve (357) where it passes through the valve into the input clutch feed passage. Input clutch feed fluid is then sent to the 3-4 shift valve (362) where it passes through the valve and enters the input clutch fluid passage. Input clutch fluid is directed to the #3 checkball (372) where it passes by the checkball and applies the input clutch. Line pressure from the pump enters the PWM feed passage which directs fluid to the PWM solenoid (325). Since the solenoid is deenergized (OFF), PWM feed fluid passes through the solenoid into the PWM fluid passage. PWM fluid is then directed to the spring side of the converter clutch regulator valve (330). Converter feed fluid at the converter clutch regulator valve (330) enters the regulated apply passage which is routed to the converter clutch valve (330) where it stops. Line pressure is also sent to the modulator valve (34) where it is regulated and enters into the modulator fluid circuit. Modulator fluid is then routed to the line boost valve (304) in the pressure regulator valve train to boost line pressures in relation to throttle opening. Modulator fluid is also routed to the: (primary) 1-2 accumulator valve (347); 2-3 accumulator valve (343); 3-4 accumulator valve (350); and (secondary) 1-2 accumulator valve (347) to act as a bias on the valves during shift accumulation.

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

INPUT CL

AIR BLEED

LINE

3RD CL/LO-1ST LUBE

12D DN R

MANUAL VALVE

EX

51

REVERSE
SHIFT SOL "A" SHIFT SOL "B" ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND APPLIED 2ND CLUTCH

REVERSE
3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

REVERSE BAND (615) APPLIED

INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT SPRAG (664) HOLDING

POWER TO FINAL DRIVE (700)

ON

APPLIED HOLDING

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

In Reverse (R), torque from the engine is multiplied through the torque converter (1) and transaxle gear train to the vehicles axle shafts. The planetary gear sets operate in reduction and also in a reverse direction of input torque for a reverse gear ratio or approximately 2.38:1. The manual shaft (807) and manual valve (404) are in reverse gear position. * See Note Engine torque is transmitted to the input sun gear (668) through the: driven sprocket (506) input housing & shaft assembly (632) with the input clutch applied, and input sprag clutch (664) holding as described in Park range.


REVERSE SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED


INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT SPRAG (664) HOLDING 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

REVERSE REACTION DRUM (669) HELD

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

REVERSE BAND (615) APPLIED 2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (217) HELD REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) 1/2 SUPPORT INNER RACE (681)

PARKING GEAR (696)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672) HELD

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689) FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697)

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) FREEWHEELING

1/2 ROLLER CLUTCH SUPPORT FREEWHEELING

52

Figure 49

The reverse band (615) is applied, holding the 2nd clutch housing (217). The reverse reaction drum (669), splined on one end to the 2nd clutch housing (217) and the other end to the input carrier assembly (672), is held and prevents the input carrier assembly (672) from rotating. Teeth on the input sun gear (668), in mesh with the planet pinion gears in the input carrier assembly (672), drive the pinion gears and reaction carrier assembly (675) in the reverse direction of forward gear rotation. The final drive sun gear shaft (689), splined to the reaction carrier assembly (675) at one end and the final drive sun gear (697) at the other end, drives the differential assembly (700) in reverse direction.

* NOTE: In order to minimize the amount of text required for this and the remaining gear ranges, description of the mechanical power flow will begin with driven sprocket (506). The transfer of torque from the engine through the transaxle to this point is identical in all gear ranges.

52A

REVERSE
When the gear selector lever is moved to Reverse (R), the manual valve (404) allows PRN pressure to enter the reverse fluid circuit.

REVERSE
INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

Reverse Circuit:
REVERSE SERVO

REVERSE

INPUT CL

Reverse fluid pressure from the manual valve (404) is sent to: #5 checkball (372) and seats the checkball against the reverse servo passage forcing reverse fluid through an orifice in the spacer plate (370) and into the reverse servo passage Reverse servo fluid is directed to the reverse servo piston (44) to apply the reverse band (615) The reverse boost valve (367) under hard acceleration, the valve opens to allow reverse fluid to by-pass the feed orifice

#5

12

REV SRVO

EX

REVERSE SERVO

EX

REV BST

REV

PRN

DECREASE

CONV FD

LO

LINE

EX

EX

The #3 checkball (372) seats against the input clutch fluid passage in the spacer plate (370) allowing PRN fluid from the manual valve (404) to enter the input clutch apply circuit and apply the input clutch.

LINE

PRN

INPUT CL

#3
(From Pump) LINE

NOTE: Depending on throttle position, engine manifold vacuum supply to the vacuum modulator can boost to full line pressure, 2100 kPa (305 psi) at 0 kPa (0 in Hg) engine manifold vacuum.

LINE

A SOL LO-1ST LO 2ND

A SOL

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT
EX
B SOL OFF 3RD D-4

A SOL

ON

INPUT CL

MOD

LINE

INPUT CL FEED EX 4TH 3RD

INPUT CL

LINE

MOD

3-4 SHIFT
A SOL

D-3
4TH/4TH CL

LINE

MOD

MOD LINE

EX

EX EX

D-4

LINE 3RD

14

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD AUX INPUT CL FD

52B

EX

Figure 50

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 78

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN
D-2 B SOL

EX

EX

34

D-3

LINE

MOD

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

INPUT CL FD

B SOL OFF

LINE

LINE

LINE

B SOL
13

AUX INPUT CL FD

If the shift solenoids, A and B are operating in the failsafe mode (OFF) when reverse gear is selected, the transaxle will operate in reverse.

LINE

REV

PRESS REG
REVERSE

MOD

31

PRN

B SOL

B SOL
EX N.O.

EX

LO-1ST

PRN

REV

LINE

D-2 D-3 D-4

it quickly fills the reverse servo passage to prevent slippage during apply of the reverse band (615)

EX

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

3RD CL/LO-1ST LUBE

12D DN R

MANUAL VALVE

EX

ON

4-3 DOWN
B SOL

53

NEUTRAL
Engine Running
POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) INPUT CLUTCH *APPLIED INPUT SPRAG (664) *HOLDING NO POWER TRANSMITTED TO FINAL DRIVE (700)
SHIFT SOL "A" ON SHIFT SOL "B" ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND

NEUTRAL
Engine Running
2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH * INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH * 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

Mechanical power flow in Neutral (N) is the same as in Park (P) range. The turbine shaft (518), drive sprocket (516) drive link assembly (507), driven sprocket (506) and input housing & shaft assembly (632) are all turning at converter turbine speed. The manual shaft (807) and manual valve (404) are in the Neutral position. The parking lock actuator assembly (800) releases the lockout pawl (694). The lockout pawl return spring disengages the pawl from the parking gear (696). The final drive sun gear shaft (689), final drive sun gear (697), reaction carrier assembly (675) and final drive differential assembly (700) are free to rotate. The input clutch is applied but not effective, allowing the vehicle to roll freely.

DRIVE SPROCKET (516) TURBINE SHAFT (518) INPUT SPRAG (664) *HOLDING INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

DRIVE LINK ASSEMBLY (507)

INPUT CLUTCH *APPLIED

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632) DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) HELD

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) FREEWHEELING

FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR (693)

PARKING LOCK PAWL (694) DISENGAGED

PARKING GEAR (696) HELD

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697) HELD

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689) HELD

1/2 ROLLER CLUTCH SUPPORT FREEWHEELING *APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

54

Figure 51

54A

NEUTRAL
Engine Running

NEUTRAL
Engine Running
INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

REVERSE SERVO

An exhaust port opens at the manual valve (404) allowing fluid in the reverse circuit to exhaust Force from the reverse servo return spring (49) releases the reverse band (615) forcing reverse servo fluid back to the #5 checkball (372) The #5 checkball (372) is forced off its seat allowing reverse servo fluid to enter the reverse fluid passage Reverse fluid is then sent to the manual valve (404) where it exhausts.

#5
12

SERVO

REV SRVO

EX

REVERSE

REV BST

EX

REV

PRN

DECREASE

CONV FD

EX

MANUAL VALVE
REV

LO

LINE

REV

PRESS REG
EX

REVERSE

LINE

PRN

INPUT CL

#3
(From Pump) LINE

LINE

A SOL LO-1ST LO 2ND

A SOL

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT
EX
B SOL OFF 3RD D-4

A SOL

ON

INPUT CL

MOD

LINE

INPUT CL FEED EX 4TH 3RD

INPUT CL

LINE

MOD

3-4 SHIFT
A SOL

D-3
4TH/4TH CL

LINE

MOD

MOD LINE

EX

EX EX

D-4

LINE 3RD

14

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD AUX INPUT CL FD

54B

EX

Figure 52

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 80

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN
D-2 B SOL

EX

EX

34

D-3

LINE

MOD

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

INPUT CL FD

B SOL OFF

LINE

LINE

LINE

B SOL
13

B SOL

B SOL
EX N.O.

EX

MOD

31

PRN

EX

LO-1ST

PRN

LINE

LINE

D-2 D-3 D-4

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

3RD CL/LO-1ST

LUBE

When the gear selector lever is moved to Neutral (N), the hydraulic system operates in the same manner as it does in Park (P) range. If Neutral (N) is selected after the vehicle was operating in Reverse (R), the following changes in the hydraulic system would occur:

REVERSE

INPUT CL

12D DN R

EX

ON

AUX INPUT CL FD

4-3 DOWN
B SOL

55

OVERDRIVE RANGE FIRST GEAR


POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED INPUT SPRAG (664) HOLDING 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH (683) HOLDING FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED POWER TO FINAL DRIVE (700)

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FIRST GEAR


SHIFT SOL "A" ON SHIFT SOL "B" ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH HOLDING FORWARD BAND APPLIED APPLIED HOLDING

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

In Overdrive [D] range First Gear, torque from the engine is multiplied through the torque converter (1) and transaxle gear sets to the vehicles axle shafts. The planetary gears operate in reduction to achieve a first gear starting ratio of approximately 2.92:1 (this ratio does not include the final drive differential). The manual shaft (807) and manual valve (404) are in the overdrive position. Engine torque is transmitted to the input sun gear (668) through the: driven sprocket (506) input housing & shaft assembly (632) with the input clutch applied, and input sprag clutch (664) holding

INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT SPRAG (664) HOLDING 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632) DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

1/2 SUPPORT INNER RACE (681) HELD

FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED

PARKING GEAR (696) 1/2 SUPPORT OUTER RACE (687) HELD

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697)

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689)

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) HELD

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

56

Figure 53

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH (683) HOLDING

The inner race and retainer assembly (661), splined to the input sun gear (668), is forced to rotate through the holding sprag elements. Teeth on the input sun gear (668) are in mesh with the planet pinion gears in the input carrier assembly (672) forcing the carrier to rotate. The input carrier assembly (672), in mesh with the planet pinion gears in the reaction carrier assembly (675), forces the carrier to rotate around the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678). The forward band (688) is applied, holding the 1-2 support roller clutch (683). In Overdrive Range - First Gear, the direction of rotation of the reaction carrier assembly (675) is trying to rotate the reaction sun gear drum assembly in the opposite direction. Tabs on the 1/2 support inner race (681) interlock with tabs on the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678) thereby holding the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678). The reaction carrier assembly (675), splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689), provides the power flow to the final drive differential through the final drive sun gear (697). The final drive sun gear (697), splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689), transfers the torque to the final drive differential gears (705). The final drive differential gears (705), splined to the output shaft (510) and the right hand axle shaft, provides the output to the wheels. When the final drive differential assembly (700) rotates, the vehicle begins to move and first gear is achieved. As vehicle speed increases, less torque multiplication is needed for maximum efficiency. Thus, it is desirable to shift the transaxle to a lower gear ratio or second gear.

56A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FIRST GEAR


When the gear selector lever is moved to the Overdrive Range [D], the manual valve (404) moves and allows line pressure to fill the D-4 circuit. Also, an exhaust port opens allowing fluid in the PRN circuit to exhaust at the valve. When PRN fluid exhausts, input clutch fluid moves the #3 checkball (372) and seats it against the PRN fluid passage. D-4 fluid pressure from the manual valve (404) is routed to the #6 checkball (373), forcing the checkball to seat against the servo apply fluid passage. D-4 fluid is then directed to two orifices in the spacer plate where it enters the servo apply fluid passage. One orifice is regulated by a thermo element located on the spacer plate (370) that is fully open at -32C (0F) and fully closed at 18C (90F). D-4 fluid is also routed to the forward servo boost valve (367). During hard acceleration, the valve opens to allow D-4 fluid to by-pass the two feed orifices and quickly fill the servo apply passage to prevent slippage during apply of the forward band (688). D-4 fluid is directed to the 1-2 shift valve (318) where it stops, and to the 2-3 shift valve (357) where it passes through the valve and enters the auxiliary input clutch feed passage. Auxiliary input clutch feed is then directed to the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) where it stops. D-4 fluid is then sent to the 3-4 accumulator valve (350) where it enters the 3-4 accumulator circuit. 3-4 accumulator fluid then feeds to the end of the 3-4 accumulator valve (350) where it is regulated in proportion to modulator pressure and spring force. 3-4 accumulator fluid is also routed to the 3-4 accumulator assembly (421-424) to cushion the apply of the 4th clutch. D-4 fluid is routed to the 2-3 accumulator valve (343) where it enters the 2-3 accumulator circuit. 2-3 accumulator fluid then feeds to the end of the 2-3 accumulator valve (343) where it is regulated in proportion to modulator pressure and spring force. 2-3 accumulator fluid is also routed to the 2-3 accumulator assembly (135-138B) to cushion the apply of the 3rd clutch. D-4 fluid is directed to the (primary) 1-2 accumulator valve (341) where it enters the primary trim passage. Primary trim fluid then feeds to the end of the (primary) 12 accumulator valve (341) and is regulated by modulator pressure and spring force. Primary trim fluid is also directed to the (secondary) 1-2 accumulator valve (347) where it enters the 1-2 accumulator fluid circuit. 1-2 accumulator fluid, regulated by modulator pressure and spring force, is directed to the 1-2 accumulator assembly (135-137) to cushion the apply of the 2nd clutch.

OVERDRIVE RANGE FIRST GEAR


INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

DRIVE SERVO APPLY


INPUT CL

11 10

#6
THERMO ELEMENT

FWD BST

EX

3RD CL/LO-1ST

D-4

LUBE

D-4

SERVO APPLY

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)


1-2 ACCUM

LO

D-2 D-3 D-4

LINE

REV

PRN

EX

EX

EX

MANUAL VALVE

2-3 ACCUM

12D DN R

3RD CL

LINE

DECREASE

CONV FD

PRN

LINE

LO-1ST MOD
31 6

INPUT CL

EX

#3
D-4

LINE

REV

PRESS REG
EX

INPUT CL

INPUT

(From Pump) LINE

LINE LINE

3RD INPUT CL FEED EX


CL

LINE

3-4 SHIFT

LO-1ST

LINE

LO

2ND

4TH/4TH CL

2-3 ACCUM

EX

EX

ON

EX

B SOL OFF 3RD

D-3

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

LINE

A SOL

B SOL OFF

D-4 LINE

2-3 SHIFT
LINE

3-2 DOWN
14

EX

D-4

D-2

B SOL

3RD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD AUX INPUT CL FD

D-4

17 27

MOD SERVO APPLY

MOD
16

1-2 ACCUM

D-4

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM


1-2 ACC
15

19

MOD

2-3 ACCUM B SOL OFF

3-4 ACCUM
24

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

PRIMARY TRIM

EX

EX

EX

EX

26

25

23

D-4

MOD

MOD D-4

PRIMARY TRIM

3-4 ACCUM

MOD LINE

34

EX

EX EX

SERVO APPLY

56B

Figure 54

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 82

MOD

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

MOD

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL


3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

22

18

A SOL

A SOL

LINE

B SOL
13

4TH AUX INPUT CL FD

2ND CL

PRN

PRN

B SOL

B SOL
EX N.O.

ON

4-3 DOWN
D-3

57

OVERDRIVE RANGE SECOND GEAR


POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED INPUT CLUTCH *APPLIED INPUT 1/2 SUPPORT SPRAG ROLLER CLUTCH (664) (683) OVERRUNNING HOLDING FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED POWER TO FINAL DRIVE (700)

OVERDRIVE RANGE - SECOND GEAR


SHIFT SOL "A" OFF SHIFT SOL "B" ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH * INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUN 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH HOLDING FORWARD BAND APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

As the speed of the vehicle increases, input signals from the Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) and Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) are sent to the PCM. The PCM interprets this information to determine the precise moment to shift the transaxle. In Second Gear, the planetary gear sets continue to operate in reduction at a gear ratio of approximately 1.57:1. The driven sprocket (506), splined to the input housing & shaft assembly (632), transmits engine torque to the housing and forces it to rotate. The second clutch plates (624), splined onto the input housing hub, redirects the power flow into the 2nd clutch assembly (617-627). The reverse reaction drum (669) splined to the 2nd clutch housing (617) on one end and the input carrier assembly (672) at the other end, transfers the power to the gear sets. Although the input clutch is applied, power through the input clutch plates (646-647) is terminated at the input sprag outer race (665) because it is overrunning. Overrunning occurs as the input carrier pinions gears drive (rotate) the input sun gear (668) faster than the rotation of the input carrier assembly (672). The input carrier assembly (672), in mesh with the planet pinion gears in the reaction carrier assembly (675), forces the reaction carrier to rotate around the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678). The forward band (688) is applied, holding the 1-2 support roller clutch (683). Tabs on the 1/2 support inner race (681) interlock with tabs on the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678) thereby holding the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678). The reaction carrier assembly (675), splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689), provides the power flow to the final drive differential (700). The final drive sun gear (697), splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689), transfers the torque to the final drive differential gears (705). The final drive differential gears (705), splined to the output shaft (510) and the right hand axle shaft, provides the output to the wheels.

INPUT CLUTCH *APPLIED

INPUT SPRAG (664) OVERRUNNING 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

REVERSE REACTION DRUM (669)

2ND CLUTCH APPLIED DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

1/2 SUPPORT INNER RACE (681) HELD

FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED

FINAL DRIVE PARKING SUN GEAR GEAR (697) (696) 1/2 SUPPORT OUTER RACE (687) HELD

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689)

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) HELD

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

58

Figure 55

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH (683) HOLDING

As vehicle speed increases, less torque multiplication is needed to move the vehicle efficiently thus making it desirable to shift to a lower gear ratio, or third gear.

58A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - SECOND GEAR


As vehicle speed increases, the PCM receives input signals from the Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS), Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) and other engine sensors to determine the precise moment to de-energize or turn OFF solenoid A. Solenoid A is OFF when the PCM eliminates the ground for that circuit allowing the 1-2 shift valve (318) to move. Solenoid A de-energizes, allowing line pressure and solenoid A fluid pressure to exhaust through the solenoid. Spring force at the end of the 1-2 shift valve (318) forces the valve to move, allowing D-4 fluid to enter the 2nd fluid circuit. 2nd fluid feeds to the #2 checkball (372) and seats the checkball against the 2nd clutch fluid passage. This forces 2nd fluid through an orifice before entering the 2nd clutch fluid passage.

OVERDRIVE RANGE SECOND GEAR


2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617) INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

DRIVE SERVO APPLY


INPUT CL

11

#6
THERMO ELEMENT

FWD BST

D-4

SERVO APPLY

D-4

#2

33

32

LO

D-2 D-3 D-4

LINE

REV

PRN

2ND

EX

EX

LINE

DECREASE

CONV FD

PRN

D-4

1-2 accumulator fluid is then routed to the (secondary) 1-2 accumulator valve (347) where it exhausts. The rate of exhausting 1-2 accumulator fluid is regulated proportionately to modulator pressure and spring force acting on this valve.

LINE

LO-1ST MOD
31 6

INPUT CL

EX

#3

LINE

REV

PRESS REG
EX

INPUT CL

INPUT

(From Pump) LINE

LINE LINE

3RD INPUT CL FEED EX


CL

LINE

3-4 SHIFT

LO-1ST

LINE

LO

2ND

4TH/4TH CL

2-3 ACCUM

EX

EX

OFF

EX

B SOL OFF 3RD

D-3

2ND

LINE

EX

D-4

PWM FEED

14

3RD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD AUX INPUT CL FD

D-4

17 27

MOD
16

SERVO APPLY

1-2 ACCUM

EX

15

EX

PWM

1-2 ACC

28

D-4

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM


19

30

CONV CL
EX EX

REG

EX

EX

26

23

25

22

D-4

REG LINE

MOD

MOD D-4

18

PRIMARY TRIM

LINE
ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

3-4 ACCUM

TCC SIG

LINE

SERVO APPLY

58B

Figure 56

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 84

OFF

EX RELEASE CONV FEED COOLER APPLY

LINE

N.O.

C.C. SOL. EX

CONV

CL

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL


3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

MOD

2ND

2-3 ACCUM B SOL OFF

3-4 ACCUM
24

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

PRIMARY TRIM

LINE

PWM SOL

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

LINE

A SOL

B SOL OFF

D-4

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN
D-2 B SOL

A SOL

A SOL

LINE

13

4TH AUX INPUT CL FD

PRN

PRN

B SOL

B SOL
EX N.O.

ON

4-3 DOWN
D-3

1-2 accumulator fluid on the opposite side of the 1-2 accumulator piston (136) is forced out of the accumulator housing (140), into the 1-2 accumulator passage.

2nd clutch fluid is then directed to the 2nd clutch and applies the clutch. At the same time, 2nd clutch fluid is also sent to the 1-2 accumulator assembly (135-137) to cushion the apply of the 2nd clutch.

2-3 ACCUM

12D DN R
EX

MANUAL VALVE

1-2 ACCUM

2ND CL

2ND CL

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

2ND CL

10

EX

3RD CL/LO-1ST LUBE

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

3RD CL 2ND CL

B SOL

59

OVERDRIVE RANGE THIRD GEAR


POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD SPRAG (652) HOLDING 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH (683) OVERRUNNING FORWARD BAND (688) *APPLIED POWER TO FINAL DRIVE (700)

OVERDRIVE RANGE - THIRD GEAR


SHIFT SOL "A" OFF SHIFT SOL "B" OFF 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND APPLIED HOLDING OVERRUN APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

3RD CLUTCH APPLIED INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH (652) HOLDING INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

REVERSE REACTION DRUM (669)

2ND CLUTCH APPLIED DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

1/2 SUPPORT REACTION INNER RACE SUN GEAR (681) DRUM ASSEMBLY (678)

FORWARD BAND (688) *APPLIED

FINAL DRIVE PARKING SUN GEAR GEAR (697) (696) 1/2 SUPPORT OUTER RACE (687) HELD

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689)

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

60

Figure 57

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH (683) OVERRUNNING

As the speed of the vehicle increases, input signals from the VSS and TPS are sent to the PCM. The PCM uses this information to determine the precise moment to shift the transaxle to Third Gear. In Third Gear, both planetary gear sets rotate at the same speed providing for a 1:1 gear ratio to the final drive differential (700). The driven sprocket (506), splined to the input housing & shaft assembly (632) transmits engine torque to the housing and forces it to rotate. The 2nd clutch is applied and directs power flow through the reverse reaction drum (669) to the input carrier assembly (672) as previously described in Second Gear range. However, the input clutch is released in Overdrive Range Third Gear operation which eliminates the input sprag clutch (664) from the power flow. The 3rd clutch is also applied directing power flow to the 3rd clutch plates (645-648). The 3rd clutch plates (645-648), splined onto the 3rd sprag clutch outer race (653), force the elements to hold the inner race and retainer assembly (651). The inner race and retainer assembly (651), splined to the input sun gear (668), holds the sun gear and forces it to rotate at the same speed as the input housing & shaft assembly (632). With the input carrier assembly (672) being driven by the reverse reaction drum (669) and the input sun gear (668), the reaction carrier (675) is forced to rotate at the same speed and direction of rotation. Therefore, reduction through the gear set does not exist. The reaction carrier pinion gears are in mesh with the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678) and forces it to rotate at the same speed and direction of rotation as the gear sets. The forward band (688) is applied, holding the 1/2 support roller clutch outer race (687) while the 1/2 support inner race (681) overruns because it is driven by the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678). The reaction carrier assembly (675), splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689), provides the power flow to the final drive sun gear (697) which is splined to the other end of the sun gear shaft. The final drive sun gear (697) then transfers the torque to the final drive differential gears (705). The final drive differential gears (705), splined to the output shaft (510) and right hand axle shaft, provides the output to the wheels. In Overdrive Range - Third Gear, letting up on the throttle will allow engine rpm to drop as the vehicle continues to move at relatively the same speed. This results in loss of torque to the 3rd roller clutch cam (351) and allows the input carrier assembly (672) and roller clutch to freewheel. In this situation, engine compression braking is not obtainable. In Overdrive Range - Third Gear, the transaxle is operating in a direct 1:1 gear ratio between converter turbine speed and the final drive sun gear (697) speed.

As vehicle speed increases, less torque multiplication is required to operate the engine efficiently therefore making it desirable to shift to an overdrive ratio.

60A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - THIRD GEAR


As vehicle speed increases, the PCM receives input signals from the VSS, TPS and other engine sensors to determine the precise moment to de-energize or turn OFF solenoid B. Solenoid B is OFF when the PCM eliminates the ground for that circuit allowing the 2-3 shift valve (357) to move. If for any reason the electrical system to the transaxle fails, the transaxle will hydraulically and mechanically function in Overdrive Range - Third Gear. Solenoid B de-energizes, allowing line pressure and solenoid B fluid to exhaust through the solenoid.

OVERDRIVE RANGE THIRD GEAR


2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617) INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

DRIVE SERVO APPLY


INPUT CL

FWD BST

Spring force moves the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) against exhausting solenoid B fluid.
SERVO APPLY

D-4

D-4 fluid at the 2-3 shift valve (357) enters the 3rd fluid circuit and is sent to: - the 3-4 shift valve (362) where it stops - into the TCC signal passage where it exhausts through the TCC solenoid (315) - the #9 checkball (372) to seat the checkball against the 3rd clutch fluid passage. This forces 3rd fluid through an orifice before it enters the 3rd clutch fluid circuit.

#2

33

32

LO

D-2 D-3 D-4

LINE

REV

PRN

2ND

EX

EX

LO-1ST

#4

PRN PRN

INPUT CL 3RD CL

B SOL

#3

D-3

D-4

OFF

EX

3RD

D-3

LINE

AUX INPUT CL FD

LO-1ST

LO

D-3

EX

2-3 ACCUM

EX

D-4

Input clutch fluid from the input clutch assembly feeds past the #3 checkball (372) to the 3-4 shift valve (362) where it passes through the valve and enters the input clutch feed passage. Input clutch feed fluid is then sent to the 2-3 shift valve (357) where it enters the D-3 passage. The D-3 fluid passage is routed to the manual valve (404) where fluid in the passage exhausts. Also, when the 2-3 shift valve is shifted, auxiliary input clutch feed fluid from the 3-4 shift valve (362) exhausts at the valve. Line pressure at the 3-2 manual downshift valve (356) enters the solenoid B off passage and is routed to the 1-2 shift valve (318) to assist in preventing the valve from moving. Solenoid "B" OFF is also routed to the 2-3 accumulator valve (343) and assists Modulator pressure and spring force to offset 2-3 accumulator pressure.

3RD D-4

OFF

2ND

LINE

EX

14

D-2

B SOL

3RD
17 27

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD AUX INPUT CL FD

PWM FEED

D-4

MOD
16

SERVO APPLY

1-2 ACCUM

28

15

1-2 ACC

EX

EX

PWM

D-4

#9

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

19

30

3RD

MOD

2ND

2-3 ACCUM B SOL OFF

3-4 ACCUM
24

CONV CL
EX EX

REG

2-3 ACCUM
26 25

1-2 ACCUM
23 22

PRIMARY TRIM

PWM SOL

EX

EX

D-4

REG LINE LINE

MOD

MOD D-4

18

PRIMARY TRIM

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

3-4 ACCUM

TCC SIG

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 86

SERVO APPLY

60B

Figure 58

OFF

EX RELEASE CONV FEED COOLER APPLY

LINE

N.O.

In Overdrive Range - Third Gear the PCM energizes the Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) solenoid (325) in preparation for applying the torque converter clutch.

C.C. SOL. EX

CONV

CL

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL


3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN

EX

B SOL OFF

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

LINE

In Overdrive Range - Third Gear the input clutch releases when the 2-3 shift valve (357) moves.

A SOL

2ND

B SOL OFF

A SOL

D-3

SOL

4TH/4TH CL

A SOL

2-3 accumulator fluid is sent back to the 2-3 accumulator valve (343) where it exhausts at a controlled rate. (Biased by Modulator pressure and Solenoid "B" OFF pressure.)

3-4 SHIFT

4-3 DOWN

INPUT

3RD INPUT CL FEED


CL

3rd clutch fluid is also sent to the 2-3 accumulator piston (136) and forces the piston against spring force and 2-3 accumulator fluid to cushion 3rd clutch apply.

4TH

INPUT CL

N.O. EX

3rd clutch fluid is directed to the #4 checkball (372) where it seats the checkball against the lo-1st fluid passage and enters the 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid passage to apply the 3rd clutch.

LINE

B 13

SOL B SOL

EX

MANUAL VALVE

2-3 ACCUM

12D DN R

1-2 ACCUM

Line pressure moves the 2-3 shift valve (357) and 3-2 manual downshift valve (356) against spring force, exhausting solenoid B fluid.

D-4

2ND CL

2ND CL

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

THERMO ELEMENT

LUBE

2ND CL

10

11

#6

EX

3RD CL/LO-1ST

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

3RD CL 2ND CL

61

OVERDRIVE RANGE THIRD GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Released)
PWM SOLENOID (325)
30

OVERDRIVE RANGE - THIRD GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Released)

PWM FEED

LINE (From Pump)

The Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle uses two hydraulic/electrical systems that control the apply and release of the torque converter clutch. For this reason, a detailed explanation of both systems will be provided. The operating conditions of the vehicle and transaxle up to Overdrive Range - Third Gear are such that the Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) solenoid (325) or the Torque Converter Clutch solenoid (315) are energized by the PCM. This condition allows the converter clutch valve (335) to be in the release position to operate the torque converter clutch in a released state. Hydraulic power flow through the converter clutch release circuit is as follows:

28

PWM

MOD

CONV CL
EX EX

REG

REG LINE LINE

N.O.
EX RELEASE CONV FEED COOLER APPLY

OFF EX

CONV

CL

LINE

CONV FEED

RELEASE

COOLER CHECK VALVE (28)


EX

COOLER

BRAKE SWITCH (N.O.) 12V +12V

ECM

VSS

TPS

VS

CTS

ENG RPM

MAP/ MAT

C/C

PRNDL

62

Figure 59

APPLY

#1

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420)

T.C.C. SOLENOID (315)

RELEASE APPLY

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

TCC SIG

2ND

TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

Line pressure from the pump assembly (200) is routed to the spring side of the converter clutch valve (335) and holds the valve in the released position. Line pressure is also routed through a filter (374) in the valve body spacer plate (370) and into the PWM feed passage. Since the PWM solenoid (325) is OFF, full PWM feed pressure passes through the solenoid and enters the PWM passage. PWM fluid is then directed to the spring side of the converter clutch regulator valve (330). With the converter clutch regulator valve (330) in this position, line pressure from the pump passes through the valve and enters the regulated line passage. Regulated line is then sent to the converter clutch valve (335) where it stops. Since the TCC solenoid (315) is OFF, the converter clutch valve (335) is held against the solenoid. This allows: - TCC signal fluid to pass through the solenoid to exhaust; and - converter feed pressure to pass through a cross feed hole in the valve, directing fluid into the release circuit.

Release fluid is then routed to the #1 checkball (372) and seats the checkball against apply fluid (returning from the torque converter). Release fluid is also sent to the torque converter blow off valve (417-420) to exhaust pressures in excess of 690 kPa (100 psi). Release fluid then feeds between the turbine shaft (518) and oil pump drive shaft (227) to the converter cover. Release fluid pressure fills the cavity between the converter cover and pressure plate forcing the pressure plate away from the converter cover. Release fluid then passes by the pressure plate and enters the apply side of the pressure plate and into the apply circuit. Apply fluid is sent through a drilled hole in the drive sprocket support (522) where it passes between the support and the turbine shaft (518). Apply fluid flows along the turbine shaft (518) to the channel plate (400) and enters the apply circuit. In the apply circuit, apply fluid is routed to #1 checkball (372) where it stops. Apply fluid is also directed to the converter clutch valve (330) where it enters the cooler and lubrication circuits.
COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 86

62A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - THIRD GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)

OVERDRIVE RANGE THIRD GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
PWM SOLENOID (325)

The PCM monitors and receives input signals from various electrical devices, external to the transaxle, to determine when to apply (or release) the torque converter clutch. The devices that control TCC apply/release are: Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) Coolant Temperature Sensor (CTS) Cruise Control Engine Speed Brake Switch Park/Neutral Switch

PWM FEED

LINE (From Pump)

28

PWM

MOD

CONV CL
EX EX

REG

REG LINE LINE

N.O.

RELEASE

CONV FEED COOLER APPLY

EX

LINE

CONV FEED

Apply fluid seats the #1 checkball (372) against the release passage directing fluid to the torque converter blow off valve (417-420). Apply fluid passes through the channel plate (400), into the drive sprocket support (522) and follows the turbine shaft to a feed hole in the drive sprocket support (522). Apply fluid from the drive sprocket support (552) feeds to the converter clutch pressure plate forcing it against the converter cover. As TCC applies, fluid from the release side of the pressure plate is redirected between the oil pump shaft (227) and turbine shaft (518), into the release circuit. Release fluid is sent to #1 checkball (372) where it stops, and to the converter clutch valve (335) where it exhausts. Converter feed fluid at the converter clutch valve (330) passes through the cross feed hole in the valve to enter the cooler and lubrication circuits.

COOLER CHECK VALVE (28)


COOLER

BRAKE SWITCH (N.O.) 12V +12V

When the torque converter clutch (or pressure plate) is applied, it is held against the converter cover. Since it is splined to the converter turbine hub, it can provide a mechanical (direct drive) coupling of the engine to the transaxle gear sets. This mechanical coupling eliminates the small amount of slippage that occurs in a fluid coupling of a torque converter. As a result, a more efficient transfer of engine torque to the transaxle and drive wheels is achieved.
COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 84
VSS

ECM

TPS

VS

CTS

ENG RPM

MAP/ MAT

C/C

PRNDL

62B

EX

Figure 60

Regulated line fluid from the converter clutch regulator valve (330) can now enter the apply circuit.

The TCC solenoid (315) is ON, allowing TCC signal fluid to shift the converter clutch valve (335) against line pressure and spring force.

RELEASE

The duty cycle of the solenoid allows it to bleed off PWM feed pressure, thereby regulating pressure in the PWM passage.

APPLY

#1

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420)

The duty cycle of the PWM solenoid (325) ramps between 0% and 100% to regulate PWM fluid pressure to the converter clutch regulator valve (330).

ON EX

CONV

CL

When the proper vehicle/engine operating conditions have been met, the TCC solenoid (315) and the PWM solenoid (325) are simultaneously energized (ON). The following events then occur to apply the torque converter clutch:

T.C.C. SOLENOID (315)

RELEASE APPLY

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

TCC SIG

2ND

30

TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

63

OVERDRIVE RANGE FOURTH GEAR


POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD CLUTCH *APPLIED 3RD SPRAG (652) OVERRUNNING 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH (683) OVERRUNNING FORWARD BAND (688) *APPLIED POWER TO FINAL DRIVE (700)

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FOURTH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
SHIFT SOL "A" ON SHIFT SOL "B" OFF 4TH CLUTCH APPLIED REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD CLUTCH * 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUN INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

OVERRUN APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY 3RD CLUTCH *APPLIED 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED DRIVEN SPROCKET (506) 4TH CLUTCH APPLIED DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (506) INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632) 3RD INPUT SPRAG SUN GEAR (652) (668) OVERRUNNING HELD

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR PARKING (697) 4TH CLUTCH GEAR SHAFT ASSEMBLY 1/2 SUPPORT (696) (504) FORWARD BAND OUTER RACE HELD (687) (688) HELD *APPLIED REACTION 1/2 SUPPORT CARRIER INNER RACE INPUT (681) ASSEMBLY CARRIER (675) ASSEMBLY (672) REVERSE REACTION DRUM (669) FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689)

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

64

Figure 61

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH (683) OVERRUNNING

As the speed of the vehicle increases, input signals from the VSS, TPS and other sensors are sent to the PCM. The PCM uses this information to determine the precise moment to shift the transaxle into Fourth Gear. In Fourth Gear, the input carrier assembly (672) provides an overdrive ratio of .70:1 through the gear set to the final drive differential (700). The driven sprocket (506), splined to the input housing & shaft assembly (632) transmits torque to the housing and forces it to rotate. With the 2nd clutch applied, power flow is directed through the reverse reaction drum (669) to the input carrier assembly (672), as previous described in Third Gear range. The 4th clutch plates (500-502) are splined to the 4th clutch hub & shaft assembly (504) and to the channel plate (400). When the 4th clutch applies, it holds the 4th clutch hub & shaft assembly (504) and the input sun gear (668) which is splined to 4th clutch shaft. The input carrier assembly (672) rotates around the stationary input sun gear (668) with its pinion gears forcing the reaction carrier assembly (675) to rotate in the same direction but at a faster speed. The reaction carrier pinion gears are in mesh with the reaction sun gear drum assembly (669) and forces it to rotate at the same speed and direction of rotation as the reaction carrier assembly (675). The forward band (688) is applied, holding the 1/2 support roller clutch outer race (687) while the 1/2 inner race (681) overruns (driven by the reaction sun gear drum assembly). The reaction carrier assembly (675), splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689), provides the power flow to the final drive sun gear (697) which is splined to the other end of the final drive sun gear shaft (689). The final drive sun gear (697) then transfers the torque to the final drive differential gears (705). The final drive differential gears (705), splined to the output shaft (510) and right hand axle shaft, provides the output to the wheels.

64A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FOURTH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)

OVERDRIVE RANGE FOURTH GEAR


4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609) 2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617) INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

FWD BST

D-4

D-4

SERVO APPLY

#2

33

32

3rd fluid at the 3-4 shift valve (362) enters:

LO

D-2 D-3 D-4

LINE

REV

4TH CL

3RD CL

LO

D-3

2-3 ACCUM

EX

3-4 accumulator fluid is forced out of the 3-4 accumulator canister (421) through the 3-4 accumulator pin (426) and into the 3-4 accumulator circuit. 3-4 accumulator fluid is routed to the 3-4 accumulator valve (350) where it exhausts at a rate controlled by modulator pressure and spring force.

LO-1ST

2ND

EX

ON

EX

2ND

LINE

EX

D-4

4TH CL

14

D-2

B SOL

3RD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD AUX INPUT CL FD 4TH


16

PWM FEED

D-4

MOD
27

21

SERVO APPLY

1-2 ACCUM

4TH CL

EX

15

1-2 ACC

EX

19

20

PWM

28

D-4

#9

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

PRIMARY TRIM

PWM SOL

17

#10

30

MOD

2ND

CONV CL
EX EX

REG

2-3 ACCUM
26 25

1-2 ACCUM
23 22

EX

EX

D-4

REG LINE LINE

MOD

MOD D-4

18

4TH CL

PRIMARY TRIM

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

3-4 ACCUM

TCC SIG

EX RELEASE CONV FEED COOLER APPLY

N.O.

SERVO APPLY

64B

Figure 62

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 88

ON

LINE

C.C. SOL. EX

CONV

CL

3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

4TH CL

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

4TH CL

3RD

2-3 ACCUM B SOL OFF

3-4 ACCUM
24

3RD D-4

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN

B SOL OFF

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

LINE

A SOL

B SOL OFF

A SOL

D-3
4TH/4TH CL

During 4th clutch apply, 4th clutch fluid also strokes the 34 accumulator piston (428) against spring force and 3-4 accumulator fluid.

3RD

LINE

EX

AUX INPUT CL FD

A SOL

3-4 SHIFT

4-3 DOWN

3RD INPUT CL FEED


INPUT CL

4th clutch fluid is then routed to the 4th clutch piston (603) to apply the 4th clutch.

D-4

OFF
4TH

4th fluid and 4th or 4th clutch fluid both feed through an orifice into the 4th clutch circuit.

B SOL

N.O. EX

LINE

B 13

SOL B SOL

Both fluid passages are routed to the #10 checkball (372) where 4th fluid seats the checkball against the 4th clutch passage.

PRN

LO-1ST

- the 4th or 4th clutch circuit.

PRN

2ND

EX

EX

- the 4th fluid passage; and

EX

#4

MANUAL VALVE

2-3 ACCUM

12D DN R

1-2 ACCUM

Solenoid A fluid is directed to the 3-4 shift valve (362) and shifts the valve against spring pressure.

2ND CL

THERMO ELEMENT

Solenoid B off fluid pressure and spring force prevent the 1-2 shift valve (318) from shifting.

11 10

#6

EX

DRIVE SERVO APPLY


2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

Solenoid A (315) energizes, preventing line pressure from exhausting and forcing it into the solenoid A fluid passage.

LUBE

Overdrive Range - Fourth Gear is used to maximize engine performance and fuel economy under most normal driving conditions. In order for the transaxle to shift to Fourth Gear, the PCM receives input signals from the VSS, TPS and other engine sensors to determine the precise moment to energize or turn ON solenoid A. In Overdrive Range - Fourth Gear solenoid A is ON and solenoid B is OFF, providing for the following changes to the hydraulic power flow:

4TH CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

3RD CL 2ND CL

65

OVERDRIVE RANGE 4-3 DOWNSHIFT


4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609) 2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617) INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

OVERDRIVE RANGE - 4-3 DOWNSHIFT


(Torque Converter Clutch Released)

4TH CL

DRIVE SERVO APPLY

11 10

#6
THERMO ELEMENT

FWD BST

EX

D-4

D-4

SERVO APPLY

2ND CL

32

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)


2-3 ACCUM

12D DN R

#2

33

1-2 ACCUM

EX LO D-2 D-3 D-4

LINE

REV

PRN

2ND

EX

EX

LO-1ST

4TH CL

PRN LINE

CONV FD

DECREASE

LINE

LO-1ST MOD
31 6

PRN

3RD CL

B SOL

N.O. EX

EX

D-4

EX

EX 4TH 3RD IN CL FD

(From Pump) LINE

LINE LINE

INPUT CL AUX INPUT CL FD

3RD

LINE

LO-1ST

LINE

LO

2-3 ACCUM

EX

EX

OFF

3RD D-4

2ND

LINE

EX

D-4

PWM FEED

28 30

PWM MOD

MOD

17

27

MOD
16

4TH

PWM SOL

SERVO APPLY

1-2 ACCUM

D-4

4TH

MOD

TCC SIG

2ND

LINE

EX

EX

26

25

23

22

D-4

MOD LINE

34

EX

EX EX

SERVO APPLY

66

Figure 63

MOD

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

MOD

4TH CL

4TH CL

D-4

PRIMARY TRIM

3-4 ACCUM

MOD

MOD

18

OFF

EX RELEASE CONV FEED COOLER APPLY

N.O.

C.C. SOL. EX

3RD

24

CONV

CL

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

4TH CL

2-3 ACCUM B SOL OFF

3-4 ACCUM

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

15

1-2 ACC

EX

EX

EX

EX

REG LINE LINE

19

20

CONV CL

REG

CL

#9

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

PRIMARY TRIM

#10

21

D-4

3RD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD AUX INPUT CL FD

4TH CL

14

D-2

B SOL

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN

EX

B SOL OFF

IN CL FD D-3

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

LINE

A SOL

B SOL OFF

2ND

4TH/4TH CL

A SOL

A SOL

D-3

3-4 SHIFT

4-3 DOWN

LINE

REV

PRESS REG

OFF

LINE

B 13

SOL B SOL

MANUAL VALVE
#4

LUBE

2ND CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

A forced 4-3 Downshift occurs by increasing the throttle angle (percentage of travel) while the vehicle is operating in Fourth Gear. However, under light accelerating conditions, the torque converter clutch normally releases prior to the transaxle making a 4-3 downshift. In order to achieve a smooth disengagement of the torque converter clutch plate, the PCM receives input signals from the VSS and TPS to regulate the duty cycle of the PWM solenoid. Refer to Overdrive Range - Third Gear (Converter Clutch Released) for the torque converter clutch hydraulic circuit. A 4-3 downshift occurs when the PCM receives input signals from the TPS and VSS to de-energize or turn OFF current supply to solenoid A. During a 4-3 downshift the following changes to the hydraulic power flow occur: Solenoid A fluid from the 3-4 shift valve (362) exhausts through solenoid A allowing the 3-4 shift valve (362) to move to the downshifted position. The 4th clutch releases by sending 4th clutch fluid through its circuit to the 3-4 accumulator assembly (421-428). 3-4 accumulator fluid and spring pressure returns the 3-4 accumulator piston (428) to a Third Gear position while 4th clutch fluid passes around the piston to the #10 checkball (372). 4th fluid seats the #10 checkball (372) against 4th fluid and feeds into the 4th or 4th clutch fluid passage. 4th or 4th clutch fluid is then routed to the 3-4 shift valve (362) where it exhausts.

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

3RD CL 2ND CL

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 90

66A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - 3-2 DOWNSHIFT


All full throttle downshifts occur when the accelerator pedal is depressed to the full extent of its travel. This maneuver lowers engine manifold vacuum supply to the vacuum modulator (32) which raises line pressures for proper clutch and valve operation. The changes in the pressure regulation system that occur are as follows: Engine speed increases resulting in increased pump output forcing a higher volume of fluid into the line circuit. Engine manifold vacuum supply to the vacuum modulator (32) drops allowing the diaphragm inside the vacuum modulator to move. Since the vacuum modulator plunger is connected to the diaphragm it also moves and forces the modulator valve (34) deeper in its bore, thereby increasing modulator fluid pressure. The increased modulator fluid pressure is then routed to the line boost valve (304) where it boosts line pressure. A full throttle 3-2 downshift occurs when the PCM receives input signals from the VSS and TPS to energize or turn ON solenoid B. The following changes to the hydraulic system then take place: When solenoid B (315) is ON, line pressure no longer exhausts and is forced into the solenoid B fluid passage. Solenoid B fluid is routed to the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) where it shifts the valve against spring force and holds the 3-4 shift valve (362). Solenoid B fluid is also sent to the 3-2 manual downshift valve (356) forcing it, and the 2-3 shift valve (357), to the downshifted position. With the valves in this position, solenoid B off fluid is fed to the manual 3-2 downshift valve (356) where it exhausts. D-4 fluid at the 2-3 shift valve (357) passes through the valve and enters the auxiliary input clutch feed passage. Auxiliary input clutch feed is then directed to the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) where it stops. Line pressure at the 2-3 shift valve (357) passes through the valve and enters the input clutch feed passage. Input clutch feed fluid is then sent to the 3-4 shift valve (362) and enters the input clutch passage. Input clutch fluid is routed to the #3 checkball (372) and seats the checkball against the PRN fluid passage. Input clutch fluid then feeds to the input clutch piston (636) and applies the clutch. The 3rd clutch releases when 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid exhausts to the #4 checkball (372), seats the checkball against the lo1st passage and is forced into the 3rd clutch fluid circuit. 3rd clutch fluid is routed to the #9 checkball (372) where the checkball forces 3rd clutch fluid through an orifice into the 3rd fluid circuit. 3rd fluid is then directed to the 2-3 shift valve (357) where it exhausts. 3rd fluid from the TCC solenoid (315), 1-2 shift valve (318) and, 3-4 shift valve (362), also exhausts at the 2-3 shift valve (357). During the release of the 3rd clutch and exhaust of 3rd clutch fluid, regulated 2-3 accumulator fluid and spring force return the 2-3 accumulator piston (136) to Second Gear position. All full and part throttle downshifts are electronically controlled by the PCM while the transaxle is operated in the Overdrive Range. This provides for optimum engine performance and smooth clutch apply or release. Override of the electronic shift controls occurs only when the Manual Gear Ranges are selected.
COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 92

OVERDRIVE RANGE 3-2 DOWNSHIFT


2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617) INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

DRIVE SERVO APPLY


INPUT CL

11

#6
THERMO ELEMENT

EX

FWD BST

D-4

SERVO APPLY

D-4

#2

33

32

2-3 ACCUM

12D DN R

LO

D-2 D-3 D-4

LINE

REV

#4

PRN

2ND

EX

EX

LINE

DECREASE

CONV FD

PRN

CL

LINE

LO-1ST MOD
31 6

INPUT CL

EX

3RD

#3

EX

4TH
INPUT

(From Pump) LINE


5

LINE LINE

3RD INPUT CL FEED

CL

3RD

EX

LINE

3-4 SHIFT

LO

2ND

LO-1ST

LINE

4TH/4TH CL

D-3

2-3 ACCUM

EX

EX

2ND

D-4 PWM FEED

LINE

EX

D-4

14

28 30

PWM MOD

MOD SERVO APPLY


PWM SOL

D-4

17 27

1-2 ACCUM

D-4

1-2 ACC

CONV CL
EX EX

REG

#9

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM


15

MOD

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

REG LINE LINE

19

TCC SIG

2ND

26

25

EX

23

22

EX

D-4

D-4

MOD

MOD

18

PRIMARY TRIM

3-4 ACCUM

MOD LINE

34

EX

EX EX

SERVO APPLY

66B

Figure 64

MOD

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

MOD

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL


3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

OFF

EX RELEASE CONV FEED COOLER APPLY

LINE

N.O.

C.C. SOL. EX

CONV

CL

2-3 ACCUM

3RD

2-3 ACCUM B SOL OFF

3-4 ACCUM
24

1-2 ACCUM

PRIMARY TRIM

EX

EX

3RD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD AUX INPUT CL FD

MOD
16

3RD

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN
D-2 B SOL

OFF

EX

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

B SOL OFF

LINE

A SOL

B SOL OFF

A SOL

A SOL

LINE

REV

PRESS REG

D-4

INPUT CL

LINE

13

PRN

PRN

B SOL

B SOL
EX N.O.

ON

AUX INPUT CL FD

4-3 DOWN
D-3

EX

MANUAL VALVE

1-2 ACCUM

LO-1ST

2ND CL

2ND CL

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

2ND CL

10

3RD

CL/LO-1ST

LUBE

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

3RD

CL 2ND CL

B SOL

67

DRIVE RANGE MANUAL THIRD


POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD 3RD INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH SPRAG (652) APPLIED (664) HOLDING HOLDING INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH (683) OVERRUNNING FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED POWER TO FINAL DRIVE (700)

DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL THIRD


(From Overdrive Range - Fourth Gear)
SHIFT SOL "A" @OFF SHIFT SOL "B" @OFF 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED HOLDING

OVERRUN APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

3RD CLUTCH APPLIED INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT SPRAG (664) HOLDING 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH (652) HOLDING INPUT SUN GEAR (668) HELD

REVERSE REACTION DRUM (669)

2ND CLUTCH APPLIED DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

1/2 SUPPORT REACTION INNER RACE SUN GEAR (681) DRUM ASSEMBLY (678)

FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED

PARKING GEAR (696) 1/2 SUPPORT OUTER RACE (687) HELD

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697)

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689)

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

68

Figure 65

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH (683) OVERRUNNING

Drive Range - Manual Third (3) is available to the driver when vehicle operating conditions make it desirable to use only three gear ratios. These conditions include city driving, where speeds are generally below 72 kmh (45 mph), towing a trailer, or driving in hilly terrain. Manual Third also provides for engine compression braking when descending slight grades, or performance when ascending slight grades. Manual Third is also called the Drive Range because it has a direct drive ratio (1:1) through the gear sets. In Manual Third, the transaxle can upshift or downshift between first, second and third gears in the same way as it does in the Overdrive Range. However, the transaxle is prevented from shifting into Fourth Gear while operating in this mode. If the transaxle is in Overdrive Range - Fourth Gear when Manual Third is selected, the transaxle will shift immediately into Third Gear. Power flow is similar to Overdrive Range - Third Gear with the exception that the input clutch is applied to provide engine braking when the throttle is released. The manual shaft (807) and manual valve (404) are in the Manual Third (3) position. The 4th clutch plates (500-502) release allowing the 4th clutch hub & shaft assembly (504) to rotate at the same speed and direction as the input sun gear (668). The driven sprocket (506), splined to the input housing & shaft assembly (632) transmits engine torque to the housing and forces it to rotate. The 2nd clutch is applied and directs power flow through the reverse reaction drum (669) to the input carrier assembly (672). The 3rd clutch is applied and holds the 3rd sprag clutch outer race (653). During acceleration the 3rd sprag clutch prevents the input sun gear (668) from rotating faster than the input housing and shaft assembly (632). During deceleration, the 3rd sprag clutch overruns allowing the input sprag assembly (660-665) to slow down the input sun gear (668). The input clutch is also applied and holds the input sprag clutch outer race (665). During acceleration the input sprag prevents the input sun gear (668) from rotating at a slower speed than the input housing. During deceleration, the input torque from the wheels to the gear set try to force the input sun gear (668) to rotate in a direction opposite to the input housing and shaft assembly (632). The input sprag clutch assembly (660-665) prevents this from occurring by holding the input sun gear (668) and rotating it in the same direction and speed as the input housing. When this occurs, engine compression provides braking for the vehicle. The input carrier assembly (672), driven by the reverse reaction drum (669) and input sun gear (668), forces the reaction carrier (675) to rotate at the same speed and direction of rotation. The forward band (688) is applied, holding the 1/2 support roller clutch outer race (687) while the 1/2 support (inner) race (681) overruns, driven by the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678). The reaction carrier assembly (675), splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689), provides the power flow to the final drive sun gear (697) which is splined to the other end of the sun gear shaft. The final drive sun gear (697) then transfers the torque to the final drive differential gears (705). The final drive differential gears (705), splined to the output shaft (510) and right hand axle shaft, provides the output to the wheels. The mechanical power flow graphics show the transfer of power through the components during acceleration. When selecting Manual Third to slow the vehicle, power flow through the transaxle reverses. That is, vehicle speed provides the input to the wheels and through the transaxle, attempting to overrun engine speed (rpm). Engine compression and the input clutch sprag prevent the transaxle from freewheeling, thereby slowing the vehicle. 68A

DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL THIRD


(From Overdrive Range - Fourth Gear)

DRIVE RANGE MANUAL THIRD


4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609) 2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617) INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

Drive Range Manual Third may be selected at any time while the vehicle is being operated in a forward gear range. When the gear selector lever is moved to Drive Range D, from the Overdrive Range, the hydraulic system in the transaxle overrides the electronic shift controls. This allows the operator of the vehicle to select the appropriate gear range for the vehicle and road conditions. When the gear selector lever is moved into the Drive Range D from the Overdrive Range, the manual valve (404) also moves. Changes to the hydraulic control system are as follows: Line pressure at the manual valve (404) enters the D-3 circuit and is routed to the 3-4 shift valve (362) and 2-3 shift valve (357). D-3 fluid at the 3-4 shift valve (362) combines with a spring force to shift the valve into the downshifted position. Solenoid A (315), when it de-energizes, allows solenoid A fluid from the 3-4 shift valve (362) to exhaust through the solenoid. D-3 fluid at the 2-3 shift valve (357) passes through the valve and enters the input clutch feed passage. Input clutch feed fluid is then sent to the 3-4 shift valve (362) and enters the input clutch passage. Input clutch fluid is routed to the #3 checkball (372) and seats the checkball against the PRN fluid passage. Input clutch fluid then feeds to the input clutch piston (636) and applies the clutch. The 4th clutch releases when 4th clutch fluid is sent through its circuit to the 3-4 accumulator assembly (421-428). Regulated 3-4 accumulator fluid and spring pressure returns the 3-4 accumulator piston (428) to a Third Gear position while 4th clutch fluid passes around the piston to the #10 checkball (372). 4th fluid seats the #10 checkball (372) against 4th fluid and feeds into the 4th or 4th clutch fluid passage. 4th or 4th clutch fluid is then routed to the 3-4 shift valve (362) where it exhausts.

INPUT CL

4TH CL

11 10

#6
THERMO ELEMENT

FWD BST

EX

DRIVE SERVO APPLY

D-4

D-4

SERVO APPLY

2ND CL

32

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)


2-3 ACCUM

12D DN R

#2

33

EX D-2 D-3 D-4 LO

LINE

REV

LO-1ST

#4

PRN

2ND

EX

EX

4TH CL

PRN PRN

INPUT CL 3RD CL

B SOL

#3

D-3

D-4

OFF

4TH

3RD

D-3

LINE

EX

AUX INPUT CL FD

LO-1ST

LO

D-3

2-3 ACCUM

EX

EX

OFF

3RD D-4

2ND

LINE

EX

D-4

17 27

MOD
16

4TH

PWM FEED

SERVO APPLY

1-2 ACCUM

30

3RD

24

EX

EX

EX

EX

26

25

23

22

D-4

LINE
ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

SERVO APPLY

68B

Figure 66

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 94

OFF

EX RELEASE CONV FEED COOLER APPLY

LINE

N.O.

CONV

CL

3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

C.C. SOL. EX

TCC SIG

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

4TH CL

4TH CL

D-4

PRIMARY TRIM

3-4 ACCUM

REG LINE

MOD

MOD

18

CONV CL

REG

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

4TH CL

MOD

2ND

2-3 ACCUM B SOL OFF

3-4 ACCUM

In Drive Range - Manual Third, the torque converter clutch will release if Manual Third was selected while the vehicle was operating in Overdrive Range Fourth Gear with the torque converter clutch applied. The PCM will re-apply the torque converter clutch when it receives appropriate input signals from the VSS, TPS and other sensor.

28

D-4

#9

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM


15

PRIMARY TRIM

CL

PWM SOL
PWM

4TH

1-2 ACC

EX

EX

19

20

#10

21

D-4

4TH CL

3RD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD AUX INPUT CL FD

14

D-2

B SOL

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN

EX

B SOL OFF

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

LINE

A SOL

2ND

B SOL OFF

A SOL

D-3

4TH/4TH CL

A SOL

3-4 SHIFT

4-3 DOWN

3RD INPUT CL FEED

INPUT CL

INPUT CL

N.O. EX

LINE

B 13

SOL B SOL

MANUAL VALVE

1-2 ACCUM

LUBE

2ND CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

3RD CL 2ND CL

69

DRIVE RANGE MANUAL SECOND


POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED INPUT INPUT CLUTCH SPRAG *APPLIED (664) OVERRUNNING 2/1 BAND (680) APPLIED 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH (683) HOLDING FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED POWER TO FINAL DRIVE (700)

DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL SECOND


(From Drive Range - Manual Third)
SHIFT SOL "A" @OFF SHIFT SOL "B" @ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH * INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND APPLIED

OVERRUN APPLIED HOLDING

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

Drive Range - Manual Second (2) is available to the driver when vehicle operating conditions make it desirable to use only two gear ratios. Conditions where this gear range may be used are: descending a steep grade to provide engine compression braking; or, ascending a steep grade for additional engine performance. In Manual Second, the transaxle can upshift or downshift between first and second gear but is prevented from shifting into third or fourth gear. If the transaxle is in Manual Third or Overdrive Range Fourth Gear when Manual Second is selected, the transaxle will shift immediately into Second Gear. Power flow is similar to Overdrive Range - Second Gear with the exception that the 2/ 1 manual servo assembly (104-116) is applied. The 2/1 band (680) holds the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678) thus preventing the 1/2 support roller clutch (683) from overrunning.
REVERSE REACTION DRUM (669)

INPUT CLUTCH *APPLIED

INPUT SPRAG (664) OVERRUNNING 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

The manual shaft (807) and manual valve (404) are in the Manual Second (2) position. The 3rd clutch plates (623-626, 716) release allowing the 3rd sprag clutch assembly (720) to rotate freely. The driven sprocket (506), splined to the input housing & shaft assembly (632) transmits engine torque to the housing and forces it to rotate. The input clutch is applied and holds the input sprag clutch outer race (665). However, the input sprag clutch (664) is ineffective since the input sun gear (668) overruns the sprag outer race. The 2nd clutch is applied and directs power flow through the reverse reaction drum (669) to the input carrier assembly (672). The input carrier assembly (672), in mesh with the planet pinion gears in the reaction carrier assembly (675), forces the reaction carrier (675) to rotate around the stationary reaction sun gear drum assembly (678). The 2/1 manual band (680) is applied to hold the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678). The forward band (688) is applied, holding the 1-2 support roller clutch (683) but is ineffective. The reaction carrier assembly (675), splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689), transfers the torque to the final drive differential gears (705). The final drive differential gears (705), splined to the output shaft (510) and the right hand axle shaft, provide the output to the wheels.

2ND CLUTCH APPLIED DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

PARKING GEAR (696) 1/2 SUPPORT OUTER RACE (687) HELD FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

1/2 SUPPORT REACTION INNER RACE SUN GEAR (681) DRUM ASSEMBLY HELD (678) HELD

FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689)

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

70

Figure 67

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH 2/1 BAND (683) (680) HOLDING APPLIED

The mechanical power flow graphics show the transfer of power through the components during acceleration. When selecting Manual Second to slow the vehicle, power flow through the transaxle reverses. That is, vehicle speed provides the input to the wheels and through the transaxle, attempting to overrun engine speed (rpm). Engine compression, gear ratio (1.57:1), the 2nd clutch and 2/1 manual band prevent the transaxle from freewheeling, thereby slowing the vehicle.

70A

DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL SECOND


(From Drive Range - Manual Third)

DRIVE RANGE MANUAL SECOND


2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617) INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

FWD BST

D-4

SERVO APPLY

D-4

#2

33

32

2-3 ACCUM

12D DN R

D-2 D-3 D-4

LO

LINE

REV

#4

PRN

2ND

EX

EX

D-3

D-2

CL

INPUT CL

D-2

3RD

#3

D-4

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

INPUT

3RD INPUT CL FEED

CL

#8

4TH EX

3RD

D-3

LINE

3-4 SHIFT

LO-1ST LO

D-3

2ND

4TH/4TH CL

2-3 ACCUM

D-3

EX

EX

2ND

D-4 PWM FEED

LINE

EX

D-4

30

PWM MOD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

28

D-2 D-4

SERVO APPLY

1-2 ACC

REG LINE LINE

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

D-4

EX

EX

#9

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM


15

19

TCC SIG

2ND

EX RELEASE CONV FEED COOLER APPLY

LINE

N.O.

CONV

CL

OFF

2-3 ACCUM
26 25

EX

23

22

EX

D-4

MOD

MOD D-4

18

PRIMARY TRIM

3-4 ACCUM

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 96

SERVO APPLY

70B

Figure 68

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL


3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

C.C. SOL. EX

3RD

2-3 ACCUM B SOL OFF

3-4 ACCUM
24

1-2 ACCUM

PRIMARY TRIM

CONV CL

REG

1-2 ACCUM

EX

EX

PWM SOL

3RD MAN 2-1 SERVO FD


14

AUX INPUT CL FD
17

D-2

MOD
27

16

3RD

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN

OFF

EX

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

B OFF

LINE

A SOL

B SOL OFF

B SOL

A SOL

A SOL

INPUT CL

LINE

13

PRN

PRN

B SOL

B SOL
EX N.O.

ON

AUX INPUT CL FD

4-3 DOWN

EX

MANUAL VALVE

1-2 ACCUM

LO-1ST

2ND CL

2ND CL

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

Drive Range Manual Second may be selected at any time while the vehicle is being operated in a forward gear range. When the gear selector lever is moved to Manual Second (2), from Manual Third (D), the hydraulic system in the transaxle overrides the electronic shift controls. This allows the operator of the vehicle to select the appropriate gear range for the vehicle and road conditions. When the gear selector lever is moved into Manual Second (2) from Manual Third (3), the manual valve (404) also moves. Changes to the hydraulic control system are as follows: Line pressure at the manual valve (404) enters the D-2 circuit and is directed to the #8 checkball (372) where it seats the checkball against the manual 2-1 servo feed passage. D-2 fluid is then routed to the 2-3 shift valve (357) where it downshifts the valve and enters the manual 2-1 servo feed passage. Manual 2-1 servo feed fluid is then sent to the 2-1 manual servo piston (108) to stroke the piston against spring force and apply the 2/1 band assembly (680). With the 2-3 shift valve (357) in the downshifted position, line pressure at the valve enters the input clutch feed passage at the valve. Input clutch feed fluid is directed to the 3-4 shift valve (362) where it passes through the valve and enters the input clutch passage to apply the input clutch. (Same as Manual Third.) D-4 fluid at the 2-3 shift valve (357) enters the auxiliary input clutch feed circuit where it is routed to the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) where it stops. Solenoid B, when it energizes, forces line pressure into the solenoid B fluid circuit. Since D-2 fluid overrides line pressure at the 2-3 shift valve (357), a manual 3-2 downshift will result even if solenoid B is de-energized (OFF). Solenoid B fluid is directed to the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) and the 3-2 manual downshift valve (356) to prevent the 2-3 shift valve (357) from upshifting. Solenoid B off fluid, from the 1-2 shift valve (318) and 2-3 accumulator valve (350), is directed to the 3-2 manual downshift valve (356) where it exhausts. The 3rd clutch releases when 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid exhausts to the #4 checkball (372), seats the checkball against the lo1st passage and is forced into the 3rd clutch fluid circuit. 3rd clutch fluid is routed to the #9 checkball (372) where the checkball forces 3rd clutch fluid through an orifice into the 3rd fluid circuit. 3rd fluid is then directed to the 2-3 shift valve (357) where it exhausts. 3rd fluid from the TCC solenoid (315), 1-2 shift valve (318) and, 3-4 shift valve (362), also exhausts at the 2-3 shift valve (357). During the release of the 3rd clutch and exhaust of 3rd clutch fluid, regulated 2-3 accumulator fluid and spring force return the 2-3 accumulator piston (136) to Second Gear position. In Drive Range Manual Second, the torque converter clutch will release if Manual Second was selected while the vehicle was operating in Overdrive Range Third or Fourth Gear, or, Manual Third Gear with the torque converter clutch applied.

DRIVE SERVO APPLY


INPUT CL

11

#6
THERMO ELEMENT

EX

3RD

2ND CL

10

CL/LO-1ST

LUBE

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

3RD

CL 2ND CL

B SOL

71

DRIVE RANGE MANUAL FIRST


POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 3RD 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH (652) APPLIED HOLDING INPUT SPRAG (664) HOLDING INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT FORWARD (680) ROLLER CLUTCH BAND APPLIED (683) (688) HOLDING APPLIED POWER TO FINAL DRIVE (700)
SHIFT SOL "A" @ON

DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL FIRST


(From Drive Range - Manual Second)
SHIFT SOL "B" @ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND APPLIED

APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED HOLDING

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

3RD CLUTCH APPLIED INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT SPRAG (664) HOLDING 3RD SPRAG (652) HOLDING INPUT SUN GEAR (668) HELD

DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

1/2 SUPPORT REACTION INNER RACE SUN GEAR (681) DRUM ASSEMBLY HELD (678) HELD

FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED

PARKING GEAR (696) 1/2 SUPPORT OUTER RACE (687) HELD

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697)

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689)

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

72

Figure 69

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH (683) 2/1 BAND HOLDING (680) APPLIED

Drive Range - Manual First (1) is available to the driver when vehicle operating conditions require maximum engine compression braking for slowing the vehicle, or maximum engine torque transfer to the wheels in a forward gear range. Conditions where this gear range may be used are: descending a steep grade to provide maximum engine compression braking; ascending a steep grade for maximum engine power; or, starting the vehicle in motion when pulling a heavy load. Under normal driving conditions, the transaxle is prevented from upshifting while operating in Manual First gear. If the transaxle in any other forward gear range when Manual First is selected, the transaxle will not shift into First Gear until the vehicle speed is approximately 56 kmh (35 mph). Power flow is similar to Overdrive Range - First Gear with the exception that the 2/1 manual servo assembly (104-116) and 3rd clutch are applied. The manual shaft (807) and manual valve (404) are in the Manual First (1) position. The 2nd clutch releases allowing the input clutch and 3rd clutch to provide torque to the gear sets. The driven sprocket (506), splined to the input housing & shaft assembly (632) transmits engine torque to the housing and forces it to rotate. The 3rd clutch is applied and holds the 3rd sprag clutch outer race (653). During acceleration, the 3rd sprag clutch is ineffective in the transfer of engine torque through the input sun gear (668). During deceleration, the 3rd sprag clutch holds and prevents the input sun gear (668) from turning faster than the input housing. The input clutch is also applied and holds the input sprag clutch outer race (665). During acceleration, the input sprag elements are holding to transfer engine torque to the input sun gear (668), forcing it to rotate. During deceleration, the input sprag clutch is ineffective for engine compression braking. Teeth on the input sun gear (668) are in mesh with the planet pinion gears in the input carrier assembly (672) forcing the carrier to rotate. The input carrier assembly (672), in mesh with the planet pinion gears in the reaction carrier assembly (675), forces the reaction carrier to rotate around the stationary reaction sun gear drum assembly (678). The 2/1 manual band (680) is applied and holds the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678). The forward band (688) is applied, holding the 1-2 support roller clutch (683) but is ineffective. The reaction carrier assembly (675), splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689), transfers the torque to the final drive differential gears (705). The final drive differential gears (705), splined to the output shaft (510) and the right hand axle shaft, provides the output to the wheels. The mechanical power flow graphics show the transfer of power through the components during acceleration. When selecting Manual First to slow the vehicle, power flow through the transaxle reverses. That is, vehicle speed provides the input to the wheels and through the transaxle attempting to overrun engine speed (rpm). Engine compression, gear ratio (2.92:1), the 3rd clutch and 2/1 manual band prevent the transaxle from freewheeling, thereby slowing the vehicle.

72A

DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL FIRST


(From Drive Range - Manual Second)

DRIVE RANGE MANUAL FIRST


2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)
LO BLOW OFF VALVE (407)

FWD BST

D-4

#4

SERVO APPLY

#2

33

32

2-3 ACCUM

12D DN R

1-2 ACCUM

Lo fluid seats the checkball against the lo-1st fluid passage and is then routed to the 1-2 shift valve (318). Solenoid A, when it energizes, prevents line pressure from exhausting through the solenoid and forces it into the solenoid A circuit to the 3-4 shift valve (362). Solenoid A fluid, at the 1-2 shift valve (318), shifts the valve against spring force and solenoid B off fluid. Lo fluid at the 1-2 shift valve enters the lo-1st fluid circuit and it directed to the pressure regulator valve (313) where it boosts line pressure.
LO-1ST

LO-1ST

2ND

CL

D-4

D-2 D-3 D-4

LO

LINE

REV

INPUT CL

CONV FD

LINE

DECREASE

D-3

D-2

PRN

D-4

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

Lo-1st fluid is also routed to the lo blow off valve (407) and #4 checkball (372). Lo-1st fluid seats #4 checkball (372) against the 3rd clutch passage and is directed into the 3rd clutch/lo-1st circuit. 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid is then sent to the 3rd clutch piston and applies the clutch. In Manual First the 2nd clutch releases when the 1-2 shift valve (318) is shifted. 2nd clutch fluid from the 2nd clutch is routed to the #2 checkball (372) and seats the checkball against the 2nd fluid passage. 2nd clutch fluid from the 1-2 accumulator assembly (135139A) is forced back through the 2nd clutch passage by spring force and regulated 1-2 accumulator fluid pressure. 2nd clutch fluid at the #2 checkball is forced through an orifice into the 2nd fluid passage. 2nd fluid is then routed to the 1-2 shift valve (318) where it passes through the valve into the 3rd fluid circuit. 3rd fluid is directed to the 2-3 shift valve (357) where it exhausts. D-4 fluid at the (primary) 1-2 accumulator valve (341) enters the primary trim passage and is routed to the (secondary) 1-2 accumulator valve (347). Primary trim fluid then feeds into the 1-2 accumulator circuit and is routed to the spring side 1-2 accumulator assembly to stroke the piston.
COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 98

EX

MOD

31

#8
8

3RD CL

#3

3RD

D-3

LO-1ST LO

EX

LINE

LO-1ST LO

D-3

2ND

4TH/4TH CL

2-3 ACCUM

EX

EX

2ND

D-4 PWM FEED

LINE

EX

D-4

28 30

PWM MOD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

D-2 D-4

SERVO APPLY

1-2 ACCUM

17

27

1-2 ACC

REG LINE LINE


ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

D-4

#9

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM


15

19

EX RELEASE CONV FEED COOLER APPLY

LINE

N.O.

CONV

CL

3RD

OFF

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

EX

EX

22

26

25

23

D-4

MOD

MOD D-4

18

PRIMARY TRIM

3-4 ACCUM

SERVO APPLY

Figure 70

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL


3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

C.C. SOL. EX

2-3 ACCUM B SOL OFF

3-4 ACCUM
24

TCC SIG

2ND

PRIMARY TRIM

CONV CL
EX EX

REG

16

EX

EX

PWM SOL

3RD MAN 2-1 SERVO FD


14

AUX INPUT CL FD

D-2

MOD

ON

EX

B OFF 3RD

D-3

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

LINE

A SOL

B SOL OFF

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN

B SOL

A SOL

3-4 SHIFT
A SOL

LINE

INPUT

#7

3RD INPUT CL FEED

EX

CL

LINE

REV

PRESS REG

4TH AUX INPUT CL FD

INPUT CL

LINE

B SOL
13

PRN

PRN

B SOL

B SOL
EX N.O.

ON

4-3 DOWN

PRN

2ND

EX

EX

EX

MANUAL VALVE

Line pressure at the manual valve (404) enters the lo passage and is directed to the #7 checkball (372).

2ND CL

LO-1ST

3RD CL

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

When the gear selector lever is moved into Manual First (1) from Manual Second (2), the manual valve (404) also moves. Changes to the hydraulic control system are as follows:

2ND CL

10

THERMO ELEMENT

3RD CL/LO-1ST LUBE

11

#6

EX

Drive Range Manual First may be selected at any time while the vehicle is being operated in a forward gear range. When the gear selector lever is moved to Manual First (1), from Manual Second (2), the transaxle will not shift to first gear until vehicle speed is approximately 56 kmh (35 mph). The PCM receives input signals from the VSS and TPS to energize solenoid A (315) to enable the hydraulic system for first gear operation.

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

DRIVE SERVO APPLY

EX

INPUT CL

LO-1ST

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)


3RD CL 2ND CL

73

OPERATING CONDITIONS
RANGE REFERENCE CHART
1 RANGE GEAR A SOLENOID B SOLENOID 4TH CLUTCH 2 REVERSE BAND 3 2ND CLUTCH 4 3RD CLUTCH 5 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH 6 INPUT CLUTCH 7 INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH * HOLDING OVERRUN HOLDING HOLDING OVERRUN OVERRUN APPLIED * APPLIED APPLIED * APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED APPLIED HOLDING OVERRUN HOLDING OVERRUN HOLDING HOLDING HOLDING APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED OVERRUN HOLDING HOLDING HOLDING HOLDING HOLDING APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED 8 2/1 BAND 9 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH 10 FORWARD BAND

P-N
1st 2nd

ON ON OFF OFF ON @ OFF @ OFF @ ON @ OFF @ ON @ ON ON

ON ON ON OFF OFF @ OFF @ ON @ ON @ ON @ ON @ ON ON APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED * APPLIED HOLDING OVERRUN HOLDING

* APPLIED *

D
3rd 4th 3rd

2nd 1st 2nd

2
1st

1 R

1st REVERSE

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE ON = SOLENOID ENEGERIZED OFF = SOLENOID DE-ENEGERIZED @ THE SOLENOIDS STATE FOLLOWS A SHIFT PATTERN WHICH DEPENDS UPON VEHICLE SPEED, THROTTLE POSITION AND SELECTED GEAR RANGE. EXPECTED OPERATING CONDITION IF COMPONENT IN COLUMN NUMBER IS INOPERATIVE: COLUMN # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 CONDITION NO 4TH GEAR. NO REVERSE GEAR ALL FORWARD DRIVE RANGES OK. NO 2ND GEAR GOES TO NEUTRAL WHEN COMMANDED TO 3RD GEAR. NO 3RD GEAR NO ENGINE BRAKING IN MANUAL FIRST. NO 3RD GEAR NO ENGINE BRAKING IN MANUAL FIRST. NO FORWARD NO REVERSE. NO FORWARD NO REVERSE. NO ENGINE BRAKING IN MANUAL 2ND (2ND GEAR) OR MANUAL 1ST (1ST GEAR). NO FORWARD REVERSE OK, FORWARD OK IN MANUAL 2ND OR MANUAL 1ST. NO FORWARD REVERSE OK, FORWARD OK IN MANUAL 2ND OR MANUAL 1ST.

74

Figure 71

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUITS


The hydraulic circuitry of the Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle is better understood when fluid flow can be related to the specific components in which the fluid travels. In the Power Flow section, a simplified hydraulic schematic was given to show what hydraulically occurs in a specific gear range. The purpose was to isolate the hydraulics used in each gear range in order to provide the user with a basic understanding of the hydraulic system. In contrast, this section shows a complete hydraulic schematic with fluid passages active in the appropriate component for each gear range. This is accomplished using two opposing foldout pages that are separated by a half page of supporting information. The left side foldout contains the complete color coded hydraulic circuit used in that gear range along with the relative location of valves, checkballs and orifices within specific components. A broken line is also used to separate components such as the pump, valve body, channel plate and case to assist the user when following the hydraulic circuits as they pass between them. The half page of information facing this foldout identifies the components involved in this gear range and a description of how they function. The right side foldout shows a two-dimensional line drawing of the fluid passages within each component. The active fluid passages for each gear range are appropriately colored to correspond with the hydraulic schematic used for that range. The half page of information facing this foldout identifies the various fluid circuits with numbers that correspond to the circuit numbers used on the foldout page. For a more complete understanding of the different hydraulic systems used in a specific gear range, refer to the Hydraulic Control Components section and/or Power Flow section.

PASSAGE PASSAGE PASSAGE PASSAGE PASSAGE PASSAGE

A IS LOCATED IN THE PUMP BODY (LIGHT GREY AREA) B IS LOCATED IN THE VALVE BODY (LIGHT BLUE AREA) C IS LOCATED ON THE SPACER PLATE (DASHED LINE) D IS LOCATED IN THE CHANNEL PLATE (LIGHT RED AREA) E IS LOCATED IN THE CASE (WHITE AREA) F IS LOCATED IN THE ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (LIGHT YELLOW AREA)

Figure 72

FOLDOUT 75

PARK

(Engine Running)

TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

INPUT CL

2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

EX

RELEASE

APPLY 3RD CL

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST

5a

LO-1ST

3RD CL

2ND CL

4TH CL

11b

6b

46e

18g

29a

29b

45a

19b

48a

47a

14b

11a

19a

18k

2a

CONV FD

LO-1ST

LINE 2b

A SOL

CONV FD

LINE

PRN

LINE INPUT CL FEED INPUT CL FEED

LINE

D-4

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

30c

45b

47b

47c

#9

30d

18f

7a

SPACER PLATE (370)

10

11

12

49d

11c

30f

3a

2c

2f

20b

LO

#7

#5

#6

20a 19e

PRN

32b

18h

30e

16a

46c

32a

46d

48b

19c

48c

GASKET (369)

46f

6a

#3

REVERSE

19d

2d

5b

2e

LINE

LO

REV SRVO

D SRV AP

EX

REV

D-4

FWD BST

REV BST

LO

REV

PRESS REG
EX

B SOL
EX N.O.

32d 46a 46b 32c 32e

33a

EX

LO

EX

INPUT CL

D-4

4TH

MOD LINE

LINE

13

#4

4b

3RD IN CL FD

SERVO APPLY

D-2

2ND CL

B SOL OFF

B SOL OFF

MOD

CONV FD

B SOL

18b 18c 43b

DECREASE

RELEASE

APPLY

EX

A SOL 2ND

4TH/4TH CL

D-3 D-2

D-4

LINE

LINE

EX

B SOL OFF D-4

EX

43a

D-2

3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

EX

EX

3RD CL

LINE SOL B OFF

14

3-4 ACCUM

B SOL OFF 3RD PWM FEED


PWM FEED

2ND

3RD

LINE

REGULATED LINE REG LINE LINE CONV FEED

MOD

EX

10f 15 25c 225a

MOD

EX

CONV CL
EX

REG

LINE

D-4

EX

SUCTION

PWM PWM MOD D-4 4TH OR 4TH CL 4TH EX

PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 AC

2-3 AC

EX

EX

MOD

D-4

D-4

EX

APPLY CONV FD LINE


34d 12a REG

2-3 ACCUM

D-4

MOD

MOD

LINE

D-4

26b 34a

8b

11d

2k

10m

26g

26h

18e

18n

18d

10a

12b

9b

23b

#1
13b

38d

24c

10k

40b

8a

#10

40a

33

32

31

30

28

27

26

25

24

23

22

21

20

19

26f

GASKET (369)

COOLER

MOD

EX

EX

EX

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (122)

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

SLOT IN GASKET

1-2 ACCUM D-4 2-3 ACC 2ND CL

D-4 2-3 ACCUM

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

2ND CL LINE

CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)


TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

MOD

MOD

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE MODULATOR ACCUMULATOR A SOLENOID B SOLENOID

BOTTOM PAN (24)

EX

34

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

EX

EX
MOD

AIR BLEED

COOLER

LINE

76

Figure 73

EX

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

2ND 2ND

4TH CL MOD MOD 3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM 2ND CL SERVO APPLY COOLER
FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (124)

RELEASE

CHANNEL PLATE (400) CASE (3)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

LUBE COOLER

18m

49a

34b

26d

30a

49b

10b

28c

24b

30b

11e

34e

38a

26a

26e

13a

15a

24a

23a

26c

13c

34c

10c

49c

9a

8c

#2

8d

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

28b

28a

14a

2h

38c

GASKET (371)

SPACER PLATE (370)

1-2 ACCUM

38b

RELEASE

RELEASE

SLOT IN GASKET

4TH

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

22c 22b

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

APPLY

APPLY

OFF

MOD

TCC SIG

N.O.

22d
18

CONV

CL

3RD CL

2ND CL

PRIMARY TRIM PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

17

4TH CL

C.C. SOL. EX

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

10h

R LINE

SERVO APPLY

3RD 3RD 2ND

10g
16 25b

MOD

D 2N

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

PWM MOD

10e

MOD

1-2 ACCUM 1-2 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM MOD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

3RD

PWM SOL

AUX INPUT CL FD PRIMARY TRIM

4a 22a

CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (321)

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN
B OFF B SOL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

#8

43c

44b 44c 44d 44a

LINE

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

LINE

2g

LUBE COOLER

AIR BLEED

3RD

D-3 D-4

3RD B SOL OFF

PUMP BODY (202)

A SOL
N.O. EX

3RD

ON

D-2

D-3 D-3

42a 42b

4TH CL

1-2 SHIFT

3-4 SHIFT

4-3 DOWN

D-4 D-4

3RD

REV

LO-1ST A

EX

D-4

4TH CL

LO

4TH

INPUT CL AUX INPUT CL FD

3RD CL

D-3

PRN PRN

REV EX

4TH

4TH

LINE

LINE

ON

B SOL B SOL

EX

12D DN R

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX
LO BLOW OFF VALVE (407)

MANUAL VALVE

EX

DECREASE

DECREASE

THERMO ELEMENT

EX

D-4

20c

D-4

18a

D-4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

LINE REV SERVO


EX

LINE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

LUBE

LUBE

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

COOLER

LUBE

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)


INPUT CL

COOLER

COOLER CHECK VALVE (28)

PARK
Engine Running

With the selector lever in the Park (P) position, line pressure from the oil pump (200) is directed to the following: Pressure Regulator Valve (313): Regulates pump output in response to modulator, PRN pressure at the reverse boost valve (310) and spring force. It directs line pressure to the manual valve; the converter feed circuit; and into the decrease passage to regulate pump output. Manual Valve (404): Controlled through the gear selector lever, it directs line pressure from the pressure regulator valve (313) into the PRN passage. PRN fluid is directed back to the reverse boost valve to regulate pump output. Modulator Valve (34): Controlled by the vacuum modulator (32), it regulates modulator pressure inversely to engine vacuum. Modulator pressure is directed to the line boost valve (304), 1-2 accumulator valve (341), secondary 1-2 accumulator valve (347), 2-3 accumulator valve (343) and 3-4 accumulator valve (350). 2-3 Shift Valve (357): Line pressure passes through the valve into the input clutch feed passage which is sent to the 3-4 shift valve (362). 3-4 Shift Valve (362): Held in the downshifted position, allows input clutch feed fluid to enter the input clutch passage, sending it to the #3 checkball (372). #3 Checkball (372): Located in the channel plate (400), allows PRN fluid from the manual valve (404) and input clutch fluid from the 2-3 shift valve (357) to apply the input clutch. Converter Clutch Valve (335): Line pressure and spring force holds the valve against the converter clutch solenoid (315) allowing converter feed pressure to enter the release passage. Release fluid is routed to the #1 checkball (372), torque converter clutch (TCC) blow off checkball (420) and to the release side of the torque converter clutch plate. With the valve in this position, converter clutch apply pressure feeds into the cooler passage, through the cooler and into the lube circuit. #1 Checkball (372): Located in the channel plate (400), it seats against the apply passage. TCC Blow Off Checkball Lineup (417-420): Held closed by spring force, exhausts release (or apply) fluid pressure in excess of 690 kPa (100 psi). Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) Solenoid (325): OFF in Park Range, allowing line pressure to enter the PWM fluid passage which is routed to the converter clutch regulator valve ((330). Converter Clutch Regulator Valve (330): Controlled by PWM fluid pressure, it routes line pressure through the valve where it enters the regulated line passage to the converter clutch valve (335). Shift Solenoid A (315): Controlled by the Powertrain Control Module (PCM), it is ON to prevent line pressure from exhausting through the solenoid. Line pressure moves the 1-2 shift valve (318) against spring pressure and directs line fluid into the solenoid A passage. Solenoid A fluid is then directed to the 3-4 shift valve (362). Shift Solenoid B (315): Controlled by the Powertrain Control Module (PCM), it is ON to prevent line pressure from exhausting through the solenoid. Line pressure is then directed into the solenoid B passage and routed to the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) and the 3-2 manual downshift valve (356). Line Pressure Tap (38): Allows line pressure to be monitored with a gage.
SUMMARY:

The engine and torque converter are rotating forcing the oil pump to rotate and fill the hydraulic circuits. Solenoids A and B are ON and the input clutch is applied but not effective. The manual linkage holds the parking lock pawl engaged in the parking gear to prevent the vehicle from rolling.
SHIFT SOL "A" ON SHIFT SOL "B" ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH * INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH * 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

76A

PARK
Engine Running

PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 32 33 34 38 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 SUCTION LINE PRN SOLENOID "B" SOLENOID "A" INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH PWM FEED PWM MODULATOR CONVERTER FEED REGULATED LINE RELEASE APPLY COOLER LUBE DECREASE D-4 DRIVE SERVO APPLY SERVO APPLY AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED PRIMARY TRIM 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND CLUTCH SOLENOID "B" OFF 3RD 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO-1ST TCC SIGNAL 4TH 4TH CLUTCH D-3 D-2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO FEED LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST VOID VENT THERMO ELEMENT AIR BLEED

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (374A) (374B) (382) (411) (412)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 CHECKBALL #6 FILTER, SOLENOID A FILTER, SOLENOID B SCREEN ASSEMBLY, CONVERTER CLUTCH ASM. PLUG, BORE PLUG, CUP (ORIFICED)

76B

PARK

(Engine Running)
#5 47
48

#6 49 19 47 20 2
18

18
2

3 45 46

46
50 10 50 49 46

49

49

49 17

18 50 20

49

2 17 29 11 46 30

45

45 2 38 17 2 2 30

(219)

2 17 30 38 2 50 2 2 45 50

49

18

26

18

5 49 2

#7

2 50 43 4 44 #8

7 29 43 42 21 7 6 30
38

50
17

2 45 2 50 30
50

38

38

17 50 50

38

49

5 11 34 10

49 2 11 10 34 2

6 18
18 30 49 30 42

49

49

#10 #9 32

29

43

44

49

50

50 50

50 20 49 49 44 22 22 18 22 24 23 28

25 32 10 25 18

49 8

50

13 14 26

29

10 9

50

1 26 2 12 11 2

1 26 49 49 23

9 13

11

10 24 32

20

50 10

24 18 26 28 15 20

OPT. 49 12 10 11

12

50

50

12 1 2

34 14
13

15 15/13

34 50

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)


THERMAL ELEMENT

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Side)


48 47 4 48 48 4 7 43 29 44 44 44 33 25 22 18 25 10 32 26 26 25 32 10 24 24 28 24 20 18 26 20 1 14/13 13 15 34 34 34 43 6 42 38 40 38 49 6 18 49 30 32 10 42 30 30 10 16 53/9 10 9 13 14 26 9 12 11 10 49 11 12 18 26 11 26 10 10 34 49 8 8 10 2 8 8 46 18 18 19 19
19 19

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Channel Plate Side)


#3 3 49 2 19 18
43 42

47 47 4 47 48 19 2 7 29 44 43 44 32 25 22 44 22 22 23 23 24 22 10 24 24 10 18

18 19 18
19

18 2 2 20 11 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 45 46 5 2 46 10

29 46

43

43 6 42 38 38 38 6

49 18

11 34

26 10 10 34 10 2 2 8 49 8 8

18 49

42 30 30 18 30 2 10 10 13 26 28 18 26 20 1 20 14 9 30

48b/47b 48c/47c 19d/18f 3a 2c B 48a 18g 8 2d/11a 45a SOLENOID 11 47a 31 46e 6 19b 2e FILTER 18h/19a 7 12 (374B) 19c/18k 10 26a 46f 10a 18a 4 2f 4b 30a 19 46c 5b 19 5 13 29b 18m 19e/20a A 4a/2g 46b 5a/2b 7a 11b SOLENOID 43b FILTER 46d/45b 43a 29a 6b 46a (374A) 21 44c 42a 40a/38b 38d 49d 11c 26c 44b/43c 38a 18b 10f 2k 6a 40b/38c 10b 9 44a 10e 20 26b/34a 8a/2h 14 42b 18c 34b 30f 1 8b 49a 33a/32d 49c

19 2 2 2 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 46 46 5

32a/30c

30b
3

14 26 9 10 49 15/13 12 11

22a 44d 12 SLOT IN GASKET


19

32b/30d
27

22

25

25 32 32

18d 22b
16

25c

10h

17

23

9b 13c

15

28

13 15

34 34

34

23a 24b

28c

26g/28b 26f/28a

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

SPACER PLATE (370)

(37) (38)

51 2 3 48 42 10 2 7 (411)

(412) 49
10 49

(411) 49

49 49

10

10

2 50 7

49 49 49 40

50

33 40

40 25 28

49 53 49 1
28 24

50 52 13 13 15
49

13

15 50 CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF (28) 15

28 1
20

16

32

16

23

24

50 16 52

(411)

16 (29) 16 20 44 32 28 24 23 1

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

24 23 23 28 44 16

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

16 52 15

(28)

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) Channel Plate Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 74

FOLDOUT 77

44

20

44 32

28

23

11

22d 23b 18

10g 22c 24c 24a

10m
24

32c
26 25

32e
33

26e

18n
32

26h

20b

1 13b/14a

20c

REVERSE SERVO BORE 2

42

3 48
52

40 40 33 7

18e 25b

2a/16a

14b
28

10k

26d 9a 12a 49b 11e

8d
30

44 22 22 23 23 22

18

SLOT IN GASKET

8 26 12 11 49 34 34 15

14 9 53

12b 11d

13 50 13
14/13

13a 34e 34c 15a 34d ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Channel Plate)


FORWARD SERVO BORE

#1

CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

20 50 50 50 (128) 50

50

(126) 16

(130) 50 44
32

16
20

1 33

1 24

16

23 23

44

50

23 24 28 32 44 20

23 24

28 24 23 28

24

28
32

44 20 16

44

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

16 44 20 44 32 28 24 32 (126) 16 16 44 16

10

25a

30e

10c

45
46 10 5

48

10 5 46

46 18

18 11 46 29

2 19

47 4

(411)

29

26

7 43 29 46 50 7 50

50 2 (411) 49 8 50 10 49 34 10 18 14

30

50

49 6

42 40 38 44

44

18 10 30 30 16 42

46 33 #4

49 18 18 25 40 22
25

8c

44

32 10 26

18 16

28

18 20 26 1 15

32

24 28

22 23 24

44

(411) #2

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES - NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST
32

- EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN


(124) (125) 20 44 (125) 44 20 (124) 44 20

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

REVERSE
INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST LUBE 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

RELEASE

APPLY 3RD CL

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST

5a

48c

LO-1ST

3RD CL

2ND CL

4TH CL

11b

6b

46e

18g

29a

29b

45a

19b

48a

47a

14b

11a

19a

18k

2a

CONV FD

LO-1ST

LINE 2b

A SOL

CONV FD

LINE

PRN

LINE INPUT CL FEED INPUT CL FEED

LINE

D-4

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

47b

47c

#9
30c

30d

7a

SPACER PLATE (370)

10

11

12

49d

11c

30f

3a

2c

2f

45b

18f

20b

LO

#7

#5

#6

20a 19e

PRN

32b

30e

16a

46c

18h

GASKET (369)

46f

32a

46d

48b

19c

6a

#3

REVERSE

19d

5b

2d

2e

LINE

LO

REV SRVO

D SRV AP

EX

REV

D-4

REV BST

FWD BST

EX

3RD IN CL FD

SERVO APPLY

D-2

2ND CL

B SOL OFF

B SOL OFF

MOD

CONV FD

B SOL

18b 18c 43b

DECREASE

RELEASE

APPLY

EX

ON

A SOL 2ND

4TH/4TH CL

D-3 D-2

D-4

LINE

LINE

EX

B SOL OFF D-4

EX

43a

D-2

3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

EX

EX

3RD CL

LINE SOL B OFF

14

3-4 ACCUM

B SOL OFF 3RD PWM FEED


PWM FEED

2ND

3RD

LINE

REGULATED LINE REG LINE


LINE CONV FEED

MOD

EX

10f 15 25c 225a

MOD

EX

CONV CL
EX

REG

LINE

D-4

EX

SUCTION

PWM PWM MOD D-4 4TH OR 4TH CL 4TH EX

PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 AC

2-3 AC

EX

EX

MOD

D-4

D-4

EX

APPLY CONV FD LINE


34d 12a REG

2-3 ACCUM

MOD

MOD

LINE

D-4

26b 34a

8b

11d

2k

10m

26g

26h

18e

18n

18d

10a

12b

9b

23b

#1
13b

38d

24c

10k

40b

8a

#10

40a

33

32

31

30

28

27

26

25

24

23

22

21

20

19

26f

GASKET (369)

COOLER

MOD

EX

EX

EX

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (122)

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

SLOT IN GASKET

1-2 ACCUM D-4 2-3 ACC 2ND CL

D-4 2-3 ACCUM

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

2ND CL LINE

CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

MOD

MOD

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE MODULATOR ACCUMULATOR A SOLENOID B SOLENOID

BOTTOM PAN (24)

EX

34

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

EX

EX
MOD

AIR BLEED

COOLER

LINE

78

Figure 75

EX

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

2ND 2ND

4TH CL MOD MOD 3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM 2ND CL SERVO APPLY COOLER
FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (124)

RELEASE

CHANNEL PLATE (400) CASE (3)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

LUBE COOLER

18m

49a

34b

49b

34e

10b

26d

30a

28c

24b

30b

38a

11e

26a

26e

13a

15a

24a

23a

26c

13c

10c

34c

49c

9a

8c

#2

8d

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

28b

28a

14a

2h

38c

GASKET (371)

SPACER PLATE (370)

1-2 ACCUM

38b

D-4

RELEASE

RELEASE

SLOT IN GASKET

4TH

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

22c 22b

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

APPLY

APPLY

OFF

MOD

TCC SIG

N.O.

22d
18

CONV

CL

3RD CL

2ND CL

PRIMARY TRIM PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

17

4TH CL

C.C. SOL. EX

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

10h

R LINE

SERVO APPLY

3RD 3RD 2ND

10g
16 25b

MOD

D 2N

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

PWM MOD

10e

MOD

1-2 ACCUM 1-2 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM MOD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

3RD

PWM SOL

AUX INPUT CL FD PRIMARY TRIM

4a 22a

CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (321)

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN
B OFF B SOL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

#8

43c

44b 44c 44d 44a

LINE

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

LINE

2g

LUBE COOLER

AIR BLEED

3RD

D-3 D-4

3RD B SOL OFF

PUMP BODY (202)

3RD

D-2

D-3 D-3

42a 42b

4TH CL

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

3-4 SHIFT

A SOL

4-3 DOWN

D-4 D-4

3RD

REV

LO-1ST A

EX

D-4

32e

4TH CL

LO

4TH

INPUT CL AUX INPUT CL FD

3RD CL

D-3

PRN PRN

REV EX

4TH

4TH

LINE

LINE

LO

REV

PRESS REG

B SOL
EX N.O.

32d 46a 46b 32c

33a

EX

LO

EX

INPUT CL

D-4

4TH

MOD LINE

LINE

13

#4

4b

ON

B SOL B SOL

EX

12D DN R

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX
LO BLOW OFF VALVE (407)

MANUAL VALVE

EX

DECREASE

DECREASE

THERMO ELEMENT

EX

D-4

20c

D-4

18a

D-4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

LINE REV SERVO

LINE

EX

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

LUBE

LUBE

COOLER

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

EX

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

COOLER

INPUT CL

COOLER CHECK VALVE (28)

REVERSE
When the gear selector lever is moved to the Reverse (R) position, the manual valve allows PRN fluid to enter the reverse fluid passage. Manual Valve (404): Allows PRN fluid to enter the reverse fluid passage, sending reverse fluid to the #5 checkball (372) and reverse boost valve (367). #5 Checkball (372): Located in the valve body (300), it blocks the reverse servo feed passage forcing reverse fluid through an orifice in the spacer plate (370) into the reverse servo passage. Reverse servo fluid strokes the reverse servo piston (44) and applies the reverse band assembly (615). Reverse Boost Valve (367): Held by spring force, opens under hard acceleration to allow reverse fluid to by-pass the feed orifice and enter the reverse servo passage.
SUMMARY:

Solenoid state is: solenoids A is ON and solenoid B is ON. The input clutch is applied, holding the input sprag assembly and driving the input sun gear. The reverse band is applied, holding the 2nd clutch drum and input gear set. This allows the reaction gear set to rotate in a reverse direction of engine rotation.

SHIFT SOL "A" ON

SHIFT SOL "B" ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND APPLIED

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

FORWARD BAND

APPLIED HOLDING

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

78A

REVERSE
PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 32 33 34 38 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 SUCTION LINE PRN SOLENOID "B" SOLENOID "A" INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH PWM FEED PWM MODULATOR CONVERTER FEED REGULATED LINE RELEASE APPLY COOLER LUBE DECREASE D-4 DRIVE SERVO APPLY SERVO APPLY AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED PRIMARY TRIM 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND CLUTCH SOLENOID "B" OFF 3RD 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO-1ST TCC SIGNAL 4TH 4TH CLUTCH D-3 D-2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO FEED LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST VOID VENT THERMO ELEMENT AIR BLEED

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (374A) (374B) (382) (411) (412)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 CHECKBALL #6 FILTER, SOLENOID A FILTER, SOLENOID B SCREEN ASSEMBLY, CONVERTER CLUTCH ASM. PLUG, BORE PLUG, CUP (ORIFICED)

78B

REVERSE
#5 47
48

#6 49 19 47 20 2
18

18
2

3 45 46

46
50 10 50 49 46

49

49

49 17

18 50 20

49

2 17 29 11 46 30

45

45 2 38 17 2 2 30

(219)

2 17 30 38 2 50 2 2 45 50

49

18

26

18

5 49 2

#7

2 50 43 4 44 #8

7 29 43 42 21 7 6 30
38

50
17

2 45 2 50 30
50

38

38

17 50 50

38

49

5 11 34 10

49 2 11 10 34 2

6 18
18 30 49 30 42

49

49

#10 #9 32

29

43

44

49

50

50 50

50 20 49 49 44 22 22 18 22 24 23 28

25 32 10 25 18

49 8

50

13 14 26

29

10 9

50

1 26 2 12 11 2

1 26 49 49 23

9 13

11

10 24 32

20

50 10

24 18 26 28 15 20

OPT. 49 12 10 11

12

50

50

12 1 2

34 14
13

15 15/13

34 50

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)


THERMAL ELEMENT

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Side)


48 47 4 48 48 4 7 43 29 44 44 44 33 25 22 18 25 10 32 26 26 25 32 10 24 24 28 24 ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382) 20 18 26 20 1 14/13 13 15 34 34 34 43 6 42 38 40 38 49 6 18 49 30 32 10 42 30 30 10 16 53/9 10 9 13 14 26 9 12 11 10 49 11 34 34 15 12 18 26 11 26 10 10 34 49 8 8 SLOT IN GASKET 8 26 12 11 49 10 2 8 8 (411) 2 49 8 50 10 49 34 10 18 46 18 18 19 19
19 19

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Channel Plate Side)


#3 3 49 2 19 18
43 42

47 47 4 47 48 19 2 7 29 44 43 44 32 25 22 44 22 22 23 23 24 22 10 24 24 10 18

18 19 18
19

18 2 2 20 11 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 45 46 5 2 46 10

29 46

43

43 6 42 38 38 38 6

49 18

11 34

26 10 10 34 10 2 2 8 49 8 8

18 49

42 30 30 18 30 2 10 10 13 26 28 18 26 20 1 20 14 9 30

48b/47b 48c/47c 19d/18f 3a 2c B 48a 18g 8 2d/11a 45a SOLENOID 11 47a 31 46e 6 19b 2e FILTER 18h/19a 7 12 (374B) 19c/18k 10 26a 46f 10a 18a 4 2f 4b 30a 19 46c 5b 19 5 13 29b 18m 19e/20a A 4a/2g 46b 5a/2b 7a 11b SOLENOID 43b FILTER 46d/45b 43a 29a 6b 46a (374A) 21 44c 42a 40a/38b 38d 49d 11c 26c 44b/43c 38a 18b 10f 2k 6a 40b/38c 10b 9 44a 10e 20 26b/34a 8a/2h 14 42b 18c 34b 30f 1 8b 49a 33a/32d 49c

19 2 2 2 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 46 46 5

32a/30c

30b
3

14 26 9 10 49 15/13 12 11

22a 44d 12 SLOT IN GASKET


19

22

27

25

25 32 32

18d 22b
16

25c

10h

17

23

9b 13c

15

28

13 15

34 34

34

23a 24b

28c

26g/28b 26f/28a

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

SPACER PLATE (370)

(37) (38)

51 2 3 48 42 10 2 7 (411)

(412) 49
10 49

(411) 49

49 49

10

10

2 50 7

49 49 49 40

50

33 40

40 25 28

49 53 49 1
28 24

50 52 13 13 15
49

13

15 50 CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF (28) 15

28 1
20

16

32

16

23

24

50 16 52

(411)

16 (29) 16 20 44 32 28 24 23 1

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

24 23 23 28 44 16

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

16 52 15

(28)

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) Channel Plate Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 76

FOLDOUT 79

44

20

44 32

28

23

11

22d 23b 18

10g 22c 24c 24a

10m
24

32c
26 25

32e
33

26e

18n
32

26h

20b

1 13b/14a

20c

REVERSE SERVO BORE 2

42

3 48
52

40 40 33 7

18e 25b

32b/30d

2a/16a

14b
28

14 9 53

10k

26d 9a 12a 49b 11e

8d
30

44 22 22 23 23 22

18

12b 11d

13 50 13
14/13

13a 34e 34c 15a 34d

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Channel Plate)


FORWARD SERVO BORE

#1

CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

20 50 50 50 (128) 50

50

(126) 16

(130) 50 44
32

16
20

1 33

1 24

16

23 23

44

50

23 24 28 32 44 20

23 24

28 24 23 28

24

28
32

44 20 16

44

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

16 44 20 44 32 28 24 32 (126) 16 16 44 16

10

25a

30e

10c

45 46 10 5 10 5 46 50 46 18

48

18 11 46 30 29

2 19

47 4

(411)

29

26

7 43 29 46 50 7 50

50

49 6

42 40 38 44

44

18 10 14 30 30 16 42

46 33 #4

49 18 18 25 40 22
25

8c

44

32 10 26

18 16

28

18 20 26 1 15

32

24 28

22 23 24

44

(411) #2

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES - NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST
32

- EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN


(124) (125) 20 44 (125) 44 20 (124) 44 20

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

NEUTRAL

(Engine Running)

2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

EX

RELEASE

APPLY 3RD CL

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST

5a

LO-1ST

3RD CL

2ND CL

4TH CL

11b

6b

46e

18g

48a

29a

29b

45a

19b

47a

14b

11a

19a

18k

2a

CONV FD

LO-1ST

LINE 2b

A SOL

CONV FD

LINE

PRN

LINE INPUT CL FEED INPUT CL FEED

LINE

D-4

D-4

LINE

LO

REV SRVO

D SRV AP

EX

REV

D-4

FWD BST

REV BST

LO

REV

PRESS REG
EX

B SOL
EX N.O.

32d 46a 46b 32c 32e

33a

EX

LO

EX

INPUT CL

D-4

4TH

MOD LINE

LINE

13

#4

4b

3RD IN CL FD

SERVO APPLY

4TH

4TH LO LO-1ST A

2ND CL

B SOL OFF

B SOL OFF

EX

MOD

CONV FD

B SOL

18b 18c 43b

DECREASE

RELEASE

APPLY

EX

A SOL 2ND

4TH/4TH CL

D-3 D-2

D-4

LINE

LINE

EX

B SOL OFF D-4

EX

43a

D-2

3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

EX

EX

3RD CL

LINE SOL B OFF

14

3-4 ACCUM

B SOL OFF 3RD PWM FEED


PWM FEED

2ND

3RD

LINE

REGULATED LINE REG LINE


LINE CONV FEED

MOD

EX

10f 15 25c 225a

MOD

EX

CONV CL
EX

REG

LINE

D-4

EX

SUCTION

PWM PWM MOD D-4 4TH OR 4TH CL 4TH EX

PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 AC

2-3 AC

EX

EX

MOD

D-4

D-4

EX

APPLY CONV FD LINE


34d 12a REG

2-3 ACCUM

MOD

MOD

LINE

D-4

26b 34a

8b

11d

2k

40a

33

32

31

30 12b

28 9b

27 10m

26

25

24

23

22

21

26g

26h

18e

18n

18d

10a

23b

#1
13b

38d

24c

10k

40b

8a

#10

20

19

26f

GASKET (369)

COOLER

MOD

EX

EX

EX

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (122)

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

SLOT IN GASKET

1-2 ACCUM D-4 2-3 ACC 2ND CL

D-4 2-3 ACCUM

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

2ND CL LINE

CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

MOD

MOD

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE MODULATOR ACCUMULATOR A SOLENOID B SOLENOID

BOTTOM PAN (24)

EX

34

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

EX

EX
MOD

AIR BLEED

COOLER

LINE

80

Figure 77

EX

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

2ND 2ND

4TH CL MOD MOD 3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM 2ND CL SERVO APPLY COOLER
FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (124)

RELEASE

CHANNEL PLATE (400) CASE (3)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

LUBE COOLER

18m

49a

34b

49b

26d

30a

10b

28c

24b

30b

11e

34e

38a

26a

26e

13a

15a

24a

23a

26c

13c

10c

34c

49c

9a

8c

#2

8d

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

28b

28a

14a

2h

38c

GASKET (371)

SPACER PLATE (370)

1-2 ACCUM

38b

D-4

RELEASE

RELEASE

SLOT IN GASKET

4TH

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

22c 22b

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

APPLY

APPLY

OFF

MOD

TCC SIG

N.O.

22d
18

CONV

CL

3RD CL

2ND CL

PRIMARY TRIM PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

17

4TH CL

C.C. SOL. EX

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

10h

R LINE

SERVO APPLY

3RD 3RD 2ND

10g
16 25b

MOD

D 2N

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

PWM MOD

10e

MOD

1-2 ACCUM 1-2 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM MOD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

3RD

PWM SOL

AUX INPUT CL FD PRIMARY TRIM

4a 22a

CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (321)

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN
B OFF B SOL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

#8

43c

44b 44c 44d 44a

LINE

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

LINE

2g

LUBE COOLER

AIR BLEED

3RD

D-3 D-4

3RD B SOL OFF

PUMP BODY (202)

A SOL
N.O. EX

3RD

ON

D-2

D-3 D-3

42a 42b

4TH CL

1-2 SHIFT

3-4 SHIFT

4-3 DOWN

D-4 D-4

3RD

REV

D-4

4TH CL

4TH

INPUT CL AUX INPUT CL FD

3RD CL

LO BLOW OFF VALVE (407)

REV EX

D-2

D-3

LINE

LINE

ON

B SOL B SOL

EX

12D DN R

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX

MANUAL VALVE

EX

PRN PRN

DECREASE

DECREASE

THERMO ELEMENT

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

47c

#9
30c

30d

7a

SPACER PLATE (370)

10

11

12

49d

11c

30f

3a

2c

2f

45b

47b

18f

20b

LO

#7

#5

#6

20a 19e

PRN

32b

18h

30e

16a

46c

32a

46d

48b

19c

48c

GASKET (369)

46f

6a

#3

REVERSE

19d

5b

2d

2e

EX

20c

D-4

18a

D-4

LUBE COOLER

EX

CASE (3) CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

LINE REV SERVO

LINE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

LUBE

LUBE

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

COOLER

LUBE

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

INPUT CL

TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

COOLER

COOLER CHECK VALVE (28)

NEUTRAL
Engine Running

When the gear selector lever is moved to the Neutral (N) position, the manual valve blocks PRN fluid and prevents it from entering the reverse fluid passage. It also opens up an exhaust port allowing reverse fluid to exhaust. Manual Valve (404): Allows reverse fluid to exhaust when spring force strokes the reverse servo piston (44). Reverse servo fluid from the reverse servo assembly is routed through its circuit to the #5 checkball (372). #5 Checkball (372): Located in the valve body (300), is forced off its seat by reverse servo fluid allowing it to exhaust through the ball seat. Reverse fluid is then routed to the manual valve (404) where it exhausts.
SUMMARY:

Solenoid state is: solenoid A is ON and solenoid B is ON. The input clutch is applied, holding the input sprag clutch but it is not effective. The parking lock pawl is disengaged and the vehicle is allowed to roll freely.

SHIFT SOL "A" ON

SHIFT SOL "B" ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH *

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH *

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

FORWARD BAND

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

80A

NEUTRAL
Engine Running

PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 32 33 34 38 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 SUCTION LINE PRN SOLENOID "B" SOLENOID "A" INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH PWM FEED PWM MODULATOR CONVERTER FEED REGULATED LINE RELEASE APPLY COOLER LUBE DECREASE D-4 DRIVE SERVO APPLY SERVO APPLY AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED PRIMARY TRIM 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND CLUTCH SOLENOID "B" OFF 3RD 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO-1ST TCC SIGNAL 4TH 4TH CLUTCH D-3 D-2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO FEED LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST VOID VENT THERMO ELEMENT AIR BLEED

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (374A) (374B) (382) (411) (412)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 CHECKBALL #6 FILTER, SOLENOID A FILTER, SOLENOID B SCREEN ASSEMBLY, CONVERTER CLUTCH ASM. PLUG, BORE PLUG, CUP (ORIFICED)

80B

NEUTRAL

(Engine Running)
#5 47
48

#6 49 19 47 20 2
18

18
2

3 45 46

46
50 10 50 49 46

49

49

49 17

18 50 20

49

2 17 29 11 46 30

45

45 2 38 17 2 2 30

(219)

2 17 30 38 2 50 2 2 45 50

49

18

26

18

5 49 2

#7

2 50 43 4 44 #8

7 29 43 42 21 7 6 30
38

50
17

2 45 2 50 30
50

38

38

17 50 50

38

49

5 11 34 10

49 2 11 10 34 2

6 18
18 30 49 30 42

49

49

#10 #9 32

29

43

44

49

50

50 50

50 20 49 49 44 22 22 18 22 24 23 28

25 32 10 25 18

49 8

50

13 14 26

29

10 9

50

1 26 2 12 11 2

1 26 49 49 23

9 13

11

10 24 32

20

50 10

24 18 26 28 15 20

OPT. 49 12 10 11

12

50

50

12 1 2

34 14
13

15 15/13

34 50

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)


THERMAL ELEMENT

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Side)


48 47 4 48 48 4 7 43 29 44 44 44 33 25 22 18 25 10 32 26 26 25 32 10 24 24 28 24 20 18 26 20 1 14/13 13 15 34 34 34 43 6 42 38 40 38 49 6 18 49 30 32 10 42 30 30 10 16 53/9 10 9 13 14 26 9 12 11 10 49 11 12 18 26 11 26 10 10 34 49 8 8 10 2 8 8 46 18 18 19 19
19 19

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Channel Plate Side)


#3 3 49 2 19 18
43 42

47 47 4 47 48 19 2 7 29 44 43 44 32 25 22 44 22 22 23 23 24 22 10 24 24 10 18

18 19 18
19

18 2 2 20 11 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 45 46 5 2 46 10

29 46

43

43 6 42 38 38 38 6

49 18

11 34

26 10 10 34 10 2 2 8 49 8 8

18 49

42 30 30 18 30 2 10 10 13 26 28 18 26 20 1 20 14 9 30

48b/47b 48c/47c 19d/18f 3a 2c B 48a 18g 8 2d/11a 45a SOLENOID 11 47a 31 46e 6 19b 2e FILTER 18h/19a 7 12 (374B) 19c/18k 10 26a 46f 10a 18a 4 2f 4b 30a 19 46c 5b 19 5 13 29b 18m 19e/20a A 4a/2g 46b 5a/2b 7a 11b SOLENOID 43b FILTER 46d/45b 43a 29a 6b 46a (374A) 21 44c 42a 40a/38b 38d 49d 11c 26c 44b/43c 38a 18b 10f 2k 6a 40b/38c 10b 9 44a 10e 20 26b/34a 8a/2h 14 42b 18c 34b 30f 1 8b 49a 33a/32d 49c

19 2 2 2 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 46 46 5

32a/30c

30b
3

14 26 9 10 49 15/13 12 11

22a 44d 12 SLOT IN GASKET


19

32b/30d
27

22

25

25 32 32

18d 22b
16

25c

10h

17

23

9b 13c

15

28

13 15

34 34

34

23a 24b

28c

26g/28b 26f/28a

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

SPACER PLATE (370)

(37) (38)

51 2 3 48 42 10 2 7 (411)

(412) 49
10 49

(411) 49

49 49

10

10

2 50 7

49 49 49 40

50

33 40

40 25 28

49 53 49 1
28 24

50 52 13 13 15
49

13

15 50 CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF (28) 15

28 1
20

16

32

16

23

24

50 16 52

(411)

16 (29) 16 20 44 32 28 24 23 1

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

24 23 23 28 44 16

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

16 52 15

(28)

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) Channel Plate Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 78

FOLDOUT 81

44

20

44 32

28

23

11

22d 23b 18

10g 22c 24c 24a

10m
24

32c
26 25

32e
33

26e

18n
32

26h

20b

1 13b/14a

20c

REVERSE SERVO BORE 2

42

3 48
52

40 40 33 7

18e 25b

2a/16a

14b
28

10k

26d 9a 12a 49b 11e

8d
30

44 22 22 23 23 22

18

SLOT IN GASKET

8 26 12 11 49 34 34 15

14 9 53

12b 11d

13 50 13
14/13

13a 34e 34c 15a 34d ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Channel Plate)


FORWARD SERVO BORE

#1

CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

20 50 50 50 (128) 50

50

(126) 16

(130) 50 44
32

16
20

1 33

1 24

16

23 23

44

50

23 24 28 32 44 20

23 24

28 24 23 28

24

28
32

44 20 16

44

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

16 44 20 44 32 28 24 32 (126) 16 16 44 16

10

25a

30e

10c

45
46 10 5

48

10 5 46

46 18

18 11 46 29

2 19

47 4

(411)

29

26

7 43 29 46 50 7 50

50 2 (411) 49 8 50 10 49 34 10 18 14

30

50

49 6

42 40 38 44

44

18 10 30 30 16 42

46 33 #4

49 18 18 25 40 22
25

8c

44

32 10 26

18 16

28

18 20 26 1 15

32

24 28

22 23 24

44

(411) #2

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES - NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST
32

- EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN


(124) (125) 20 44 (125) 44 20 (124) 44 20

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

OVERDRIVE RANGE FIRST GEAR


INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST LUBE 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

RELEASE

APPLY 3RD CL

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST

5a

LO-1ST

3RD CL

2ND CL

4TH CL

11b

6b

20a 19e

3a

18g

46e

48a

29a

29b

45a

19b

47a

14b

11a

19a

18k

2a

CONV FD

47c

D-4 18f

#9 GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

30d

7a

SPACER PLATE (370)

10

11

12

49d

11c

30f

2c

2f

LO-1ST

LINE 2b

45b

A SOL

30c

CONV FD

LINE

PRN

47b

LINE INPUT CL FEED INPUT CL FEED

LINE

D-4

20b

LO

#7

#5

#6

PRN

32b

18h

30e

16a

46c

48b

19c

48c

GASKET (369)

46f

32a

46d

6a

#3

REVERSE

19d

2d

5b

2e

LINE

LO

REV SRVO

D SRV AP

EX

REV

D-4

FWD BST

REV BST

LO

REV

PRESS REG
EX

B SOL
EX N.O.

32d 46a 46b 32c 32e

33a

EX

LO

EX

INPUT CL

D-4

4TH

MOD LINE

3RD IN CL FD

SERVO APPLY

D-2

2ND CL

B SOL OFF

B SOL OFF

MOD

CONV FD

3RD

B SOL

DECREASE

3RD

RELEASE

APPLY

EX

A SOL 2ND

4TH/4TH CL

D-3 D-2

EX

D-4

LINE

LINE

EX

B SOL OFF D-4

43a

D-2

3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

EX

EX B SOL OFF 3RD


AUX INPUT CL FD PRIMARY TRIM

3RD CL

LINE SOL B OFF

14

3-4 ACCUM

PWM FEED

4a 22a 10e

PWM FEED

MOD

3RD

2ND

LINE

MOD

EX

SUCTION

2-3 AC

2-3 AC

EX

EX

MOD

D-4

D-4

EX

APPLY CONV FD LINE


34d 12a REG

2-3 ACCUM

MOD

MOD

LINE

D-4

26b 34a

8b

11d

2k

10m

26g

26h

18e

18n

18d

10a

12b

9b

23b

#1
13b

38d

24c

10k

40b

8a

#10

40a

33

32

31

30

28

27

26

25

24

23

22

21

20

19

26f

GASKET (369)

COOLER

MOD

EX

EX

EX

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (122)

2-3 ACC

2ND CL LINE

EX

EX

MOD

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE MODULATOR ACCUMULATOR A SOLENOID B SOLENOID

AIR BLEED

MOD

LINE

82

Figure 79

EX

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

COOLER

BOTTOM PAN (24)

EX

34

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

SLOT IN GASKET

1-2 ACCUM

D-4

D-4 2-3 ACCUM

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

2ND CL

CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

MOD

2ND 2ND

4TH CL MOD MOD


RELEASE

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM 2ND CL SERVO APPLY COOLER

CHANNEL PLATE (400) CASE (3)

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (124)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

LUBE COOLER

18m

49a

34b

49b

26d

30a

34e

10b

28c

24b

38a

30b

11e

26a

26e

13a

15a

24a

23a

26c

13c

10c

34c

49c

9a

8c

#2

8d

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

28b

28a

14a

2h

38c

GASKET (371)

SPACER PLATE (370)

1-2 ACCUM

38b

D-4

RELEASE

RELEASE

SLOT IN GASKET

4TH

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

22c 22b

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)


APPLY

APPLY

OFF

MOD

22d
18

TCC SIG

N.O.

PRIMARY TRIM PRIMARY TRIM

CONV

CL

3RD CL

2ND CL

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

17

4TH CL

C.C. SOL. EX

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

10h

R LINE

SERVO APPLY

PWM PWM MOD D-4 4TH OR 4TH CL 4TH EX

PRIMARY TRIM

3RD 3RD 2ND

LINE CONV FEED

EX

MOD

16 25b

10g

CONV CL

REG

LINE

25c

225a

REGULATED LINE REG LINE

EX

10f 15

D-4

EX

D 2N

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

PWM MOD

MOD

1-2 ACCUM 1-2 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM MOD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

3RD

PWM SOL

CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (321)

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN
B OFF B SOL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

#8

43c

44b 44c 44d 44a

LINE

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

LINE

2g

LUBE COOLER

AIR BLEED

3RD

D-3

3RD B SOL OFF

D-4

ON

43b

D-2

D-3 D-3

42a 42b

4TH CL

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

18c

PUMP BODY (202)

A SOL

LO-1ST A

EX

D-4

4TH CL

LO

4TH

INPUT CL AUX INPUT CL FD

3RD CL D-4 D-4

D-3

PRN

18b

PRN REV

REV EX

4TH

4TH

3-4 SHIFT

LINE

LINE

ON

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX

MANUAL VALVE

LO BLOW OFF VALVE (407)

LINE

13

#4

4b

4-3 DOWN

B SOL B SOL

EX

12D DN R

EX

18a

DECREASE

DECREASE

THERMO ELEMENT

EX

20c

D-4

D-4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

LINE REV SERVO

LINE

EX

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

LUBE

LUBE

COOLER

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

EX

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)


INPUT CL

COOLER

COOLER CHECK VALVE (28)

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FIRST GEAR


When the gear selector lever is moved to Overdrive Range [D], the manual valve (404) moves and allows line pressure to fill the D-4 circuit. At the same time, PRN fluid exhausts at the valve. Manual Valve (404): Allows line pressure to fill the D-4 circuit and exhausts PRN fluid at the valve. D-4 fluid is routed to the #6 checkball (373); forward servo boost valve (367); 1-2 shift valve (318); 2-3 accumulator valve (343); 2-3 shift valve (357); (primary) 1-2 accumulator valve (341); and, 3-4 accumulator valve (350). #6 Checkball (372): Located in the valve body (300), blocks the forward servo apply passage forcing D-4 fluid to the forward servo boost valve (367); the forward servo feed orifice and thermo element on the spacer plate (370). When the transaxle fluid is not at normal operating temperatures, the thermo element is open allowing D-4 fluid to enter the servo apply passage. D-4 fluid also feeds through the forward servo feed orifice into the servo apply passage to the forward servo assembly (15-22). Servo apply fluid strokes the forward servo assembly (15-22) to apply the forward band (688). Forward Servo Boost Valve (367): Opens under high line pressure allowing D-4 fluid to by-pass the feed orifice and thermo element to enter the servo apply passage. This provides for a quick fill of the servo passage and quick apply of the forward band assembly (690) to prevent slippage during abusive shifts from Park of Neutral to Drive. 1-2 Shift Valve (318): Held against spring pressure by solenoid A pressure, D-4 fluid feeds around the valve to the 2-3 accumulator valve (343). 2-3 Accumulator Valve (343): D-4 fluid is regulated in proportion to modulator pressure and feeds into the 2-3 accumulator passage. 2-3 accumulator fluid is then routed to the 2-3 accumulator assembly. Solenoid "B" OFF fluid is also used as a trim pressure during 2-3, 4-2 and 3-2 maneuvers. 2-3 Shift Valve (357): D-4 fluid is routed to the valve and directs it into the auxiliary input clutch feed passage. Auxiliary input clutch feed fluid is then directed to the 2-3 accumulator valve (343) and the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360). 1-2 Accumulator Valve (341): D-4 fluid is regulated in proportion to modulator pressure and feeds into the primary trim fluid passage. Primary trim fluid is then routed to the (secondary) 1-2 accumulator valve (347). (Secondary) 1-2 accumulator Valve (347): Regulates primary trim fluid into 1-2 accumulator fluid (in proportion to modulator pressure) and sends it to the 1-2 accumulator assembly. 3-4 Accumulator Valve (350): D-4 fluid is regulated in proportion to modulator pressure and feeds into the 3-4 accumulator passage. 3-4 accumulator fluid is then routed to the 3-4 accumulator assembly.
SUMMARY:

Solenoid state is: solenoid A is ON and solenoid B is ON. The input clutch is applied, holding the input sprag clutch and driving the input sun gear. The forward band is applied and holding the 1-2 support roller clutch which transfers torque from the gear sets to the final drive assembly.

SHIFT SOL "A" ON

SHIFT SOL "B" ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH HOLDING

FORWARD BAND APPLIED

APPLIED HOLDING

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

82A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FIRST GEAR


PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 32 33 34 38 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 SUCTION LINE PRN SOLENOID "B" SOLENOID "A" INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH PWM FEED PWM MODULATOR CONVERTER FEED REGULATED LINE RELEASE APPLY COOLER LUBE DECREASE D-4 DRIVE SERVO APPLY SERVO APPLY AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED PRIMARY TRIM 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND CLUTCH SOLENOID "B" OFF 3RD 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO-1ST TCC SIGNAL 4TH 4TH CLUTCH D-3 D-2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO FEED LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST VOID VENT THERMO ELEMENT AIR BLEED

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (374A) (374B) (382) (411) (412)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 CHECKBALL #6 FILTER, SOLENOID A FILTER, SOLENOID B SCREEN ASSEMBLY, CONVERTER CLUTCH ASM. PLUG, BORE PLUG, CUP (ORIFICED)

82B

OVERDRIVE RANGE FIRST GEAR


#5 47
48

#6 49 19 47 20 2
18

18
2

3 45 46

46
50 10 50 49 46

49

49

49 17

18 50 20

49

2 17 29 11 46 30

45

45 2 38 17 2 2 30

(219)

2 17 30 38 2 50 2 2 45 50

49

18

26

18

5 49 2

#7

2 50 43 4 44 #8

7 29 43 42 21 7 6 30
38

50
17

2 45 2 50 30
50

38

38

17 50 50

38

49

5 11 34 10

49 2 11 10 34 2

6 18
18 30 49 30 42

49

49

#10 #9 32

29

43

44

49

50

50 50

50 20 49 49 44 22 22 18 22 24 23 28

25 32 10 25 18

49 8

50

13 14 26

29

10 9

50

1 26 2 12 11 2

1 26 49 49 23

9 13

11

10 24 32

20

50 10

24 18 26 28 15 20

OPT. 49 12 10 11

12

50

50

12 1 2

34 14
13

15 15/13

34 50

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)


THERMAL ELEMENT

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Side)


48 47 4 48 48 4 7 43 29 44 44 44 33 25 22 18 25 10 32 26 26 25 32 10 24 24 28 24 20 18 26 20 1 14/13 13 15 34 34 34 43 6 42 38 40 38 49 6 18 49 30 32 10 42 30 30 10 16 53/9 10 9 13 14 26 9 12 11 10 49 11 12 18 26 11 26 10 10 34 49 8 8 10 2 8 8 46 18 18 19 19
19 19

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Channel Plate Side)


#3 3 49 2 19 18
43 42

47 47 4 47 48 19 2 7 29 44 43 44 32 25 22 44 22 22 23 23 24 22 10 24 24 10 18

18 19 18
19

18 2 2 20 11 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 45 46 5 2 46 10

29 46

43

43 6 42 38 38 38 6

49 18

11 34

26 10 10 34 10 2 2 8 49 8 8

18 49

42 30 30 18 30 2 10 10 13 26 28 18 26 20 1 20 14 9 30

48b/47b 48c/47c 19d/18f 3a 2c B 48a 18g 8 2d/11a 45a SOLENOID 11 47a 31 46e 6 19b 2e FILTER 18h/19a 7 12 (374B) 19c/18k 10 26a 46f 10a 18a 4 2f 4b 30a 19 46c 5b 19 5 13 29b 18m 19e/20a A 4a/2g 46b 5a/2b 7a 11b SOLENOID 43b FILTER 46d/45b 43a 29a 6b 46a (374A) 21 44c 42a 40a/38b 38d 49d 11c 26c 44b/43c 38a 18b 10f 2k 6a 40b/38c 10b 9 44a 10e 20 26b/34a 8a/2h 14 42b 18c 34b 30f 1 8b 49a 33a/32d 49c

19 2 2 2 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 46 46 5

32a/30c

30b
3

14 26 9 10 49 15/13 12 11

22a 44d 12 SLOT IN GASKET


19

32b/30d
27

22

25

25 32 32

18d 22b
16

25c

10h

17

23

9b 13c

15

28

13 15

34 34

34

23a 24b

28c

26g/28b 26f/28a

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

SPACER PLATE (370)

(37) (38)

51 2 3 48 42 10 2 7 (411)

(412) 49
10 49

(411) 49

49 49

10

10

2 50 7

49 49 49 40

50

33 40

40 25 28

49 53 49 1
28 24

50 52 13 13 15
49

13

15 50 CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF (28) 15

28 1
20

16

32

16

23

24

50 16 52

(411)

16

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

24 23 23 28 44 16

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

(29) 16

16 1 52 15 (28)

20 44 32

28 24 23

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) Channel Plate Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 80

FOLDOUT 83

44

20

44 32

28

23

11

22d 23b 18

10g 22c 24c 24a

10m
24

32c
26 25

32e
33

26e

18n
32

26h

20b

1 13b/14a

20c

REVERSE SERVO BORE 2

42

3 48
52

40 40 33 7

18e 25b

2a/16a

14b
28

10k

26d 9a 12a 49b 11e

8d
30

44 22 22 23 23 22

18

SLOT IN GASKET

8 26 12 11 49 34 34 15

14 9 53

12b 11d

13 50 13
14/13

13a 34e 34c 15a 34d ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Channel Plate)


FORWARD SERVO BORE

#1

CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

20 50 50 50 (128) 50

50

(126) 16

(130) 50 44
32

16
20

1 33

1 24

16

23

44

50

23

23 24 28 32 44 20

23

28 24 23 28

24

24

28
32

44

44 20 16

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

16 44 20 44 32 28 24 32 16 44 16

10

25a

30e

10c

45
46 10 5

48

10 5 46

46 18

18 11 46 29

2 19

47 4

(411)

29

26

7 43 29 46 50 7 50

50 2 (411) 49 8 50 10 49 34 10 18 14

30

50

49 6

42 40 38 44

44

18 10 30 30 16 42

46 33 #4

49 18 18 25 40 22
25

8c

44

32 10 26

18 16

28

18 20 26 1 15

32

24 28

22 23 24

44

(411) #2

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES - NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST
32

- EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN


(124) (125)

20

44 (126) 16 (125)

44 20 (124)

44 20

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

OVERDRIVE RANGE SECOND GEAR


INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST LUBE 2ND CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

RELEASE

APPLY 3RD CL

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST

5a

LO-1ST

3RD CL

2ND CL

4TH CL

11b

6b

20a 19e

18g

46e

48a

29a

29b

45a

19b

47a

14b

11a

19a

18k

2a

CONV FD

47c

LO-1ST

LINE 2b

A SOL

CONV FD

LINE

PRN

LINE INPUT CL FEED INPUT CL FEED

LINE

D-4

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

D-4 18f

#9
30c

30d

SPACER PLATE (370)

49d

11c

30f

3a

10

11

12

45b

47b

7a

2c

2f

20b

LO

#7

#5

#6

PRN

32b

18h

30e

16a

46c

48b

19c

48c

GASKET (369)

46f

32a

46d

6a

#3

REVERSE

19d

2d

5b

2e

LINE

LO

REV SRVO

D SRV AP

EX

REV

D-4

FWD BST

REV BST

LO

REV

PRESS REG
EX

B SOL
EX N.O.

32d 46a 46b 32c 32e

33a

EX

LO

EX

INPUT CL

D-4

4TH

MOD LINE

3RD IN CL FD

SERVO APPLY

D-2

2ND CL

B SOL OFF

B SOL OFF

MOD

CONV FD

3RD

B SOL

DECREASE

RELEASE

3RD

APPLY

EX

EX

D-4

LINE

LINE

EX

B SOL OFF D-4

D-2 #8

43a 43c 44b

D-2

3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

LINE

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (321)

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN

44c 44d
14

LINE

EX

EX B SOL OFF 3RD


B OFF

AUX INPUT CL FD PRIMARY TRIM

3RD CL

LINE SOL B OFF

3-4 ACCUM

B SOL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD LINE


44a 2g 22a 10e

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)


PWM FEED

4a

PWM FEED

MOD

2ND

3RD

LINE

MOD

EX

CONV CL

REG

LINE

25c

225a

SUCTION

PWM PWM MOD D-4 4TH OR 4TH CL 4TH EX

PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 AC

2-3 AC

EX

EX

MOD

MOD

D-4

D-4

EX

CONV FD

22b

LINE

2-3 ACCUM

MOD

MOD

LINE

D-4

12a REG

26d

26b 34a

8b

11d

2k

10m

26g

26h

18e

18n

18d

10a

12b

9b

23b

#1
13b

38d

24c

10k

40b

8a

#10

40a

33

32

31

30

28

27

26

25

24

23

22

21

20

19

GASKET (369)

26f

COOLER

MOD

EX

EX

EX

LINE

EX

EX

MOD

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE MODULATOR ACCUMULATOR A SOLENOID B SOLENOID

AIR BLEED

MOD

LINE

84

Figure 81

EX

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

COOLER

BOTTOM PAN (24)

EX

34

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

CHANNEL PLATE (400) CASE (3)

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (122)

2-3 ACC

2-3 ACCUM

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

2ND CL

2ND CL

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (124)

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

SLOT IN GASKET

D-4

D-4

1-2 ACCUM

CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

MOD

2ND 2ND

RELEASE

4TH CL

MOD MOD

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM 2ND CL SERVO APPLY COOLER

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

LUBE COOLER

18m

49a

34b

49b

30a

10b

28c

24b

30b

11e

34e

38a

26a

26e

13a

15a

24a

23a

26c

13c

10c

34c

49c

9a

8c

#2

8d

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)


LUBE

28b

14a

38c

28a

2h

GASKET (371)

SPACER PLATE (370)

1-2 ACCUM

38b

34d

D-4

APPLY

RELEASE

RELEASE

SLOT IN GASKET

4TH

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

22c

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

APPLY

APPLY

OFF

22d
18

TCC SIG

N.O.

CONV

CL

3RD CL

2ND CL

PRIMARY TRIM PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

17

4TH CL

C.C. SOL. EX

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

10h

R LINE

SERVO APPLY

3RD 3RD 2ND

LINE CONV FEED

EX

MOD

10g 16 25b

REGULATED LINE REG LINE

EX

10f 15

D-4

EX

D 2N

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

PWM MOD

MOD

1-2 ACCUM 1-2 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM MOD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

3RD

PWM SOL

CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LUBE COOLER

3RD B SOL OFF

AIR BLEED

3RD

2ND

A SOL

4TH/4TH CL

D-3

D-3 D-4

OFF

43b

D-2

D-3 D-3

42a 42b

4TH CL

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

18c

PUMP BODY (202)

A SOL

LO-1ST A

EX

D-4

4TH CL

LO

4TH

INPUT CL AUX INPUT CL FD

3RD CL D-4 D-4

D-3

PRN PRN REV

18b

REV EX

4TH

4TH

3-4 SHIFT

LINE

LINE

ON

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX

MANUAL VALVE
EX

LO BLOW OFF VALVE (407)

LINE

13

#4

4b

4-3 DOWN

B SOL B SOL

EX

12D DN R

18a

DECREASE

DECREASE

THERMO ELEMENT

EX

20c

D-4

D-4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

LINE REV SERVO


EX

LINE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

LUBE

LUBE

COOLER

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

EX

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)


INPUT CL

COOLER

COOLER CHECK VALVE (28)

OVERDRIVE RANGE - SECOND GEAR


When the PCM receives the appropriate input signals, it turns solenoid A OFF by removing its ground. With the solenoid operating in this state, solenoid A fluid exhausts allowing the 1-2 shift valve (318) to move from spring force at the end of the valve. Solenoid A (315): Operating in the OFF mode, exhausts solenoid A fluid allowing spring force to move the 1-2 shift valve (318). 1-2 Shift Valve (318): When shifted, allows D-4 fluid to enter the 2nd fluid passage and routes 2nd fluid to the #2 checkball (372). #2 Checkball (372): Located in the channel plate (400), 2nd fluid seats the checkball against the 2nd clutch passage forcing 2nd fluid through two orifices and into the 2nd clutch fluid passage. 2nd clutch fluid is then routed to the 2nd clutch and applies the clutch while stroking the 1-2 accumulator piston (136). 1-2 Accumulator Piston (136): Moved by 2nd clutch fluid pressure against spring force and 1-2 accumulator fluid pressure. 1-2 accumulator fluid is then routed to the (secondary) 1-2 accumulator valve (347). (Secondary) 1-2 Accumulator Valve (347): Regulates the exhaust rate of the 1-2 accumulator fluid to cushion the apply of the 2nd clutch.
SUMMARY:

Solenoid state is: solenoid A is OFF and solenoid B is ON. The input clutch is applied, however the input sprag clutch overrunning. The forward band is applied and holding the 1-2 support roller clutch. The 2nd clutch is also applied, transmitting power to the gear sets.

SHIFT SOL "A" OFF

SHIFT SOL "B" ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH APPLIED

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH *

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUN

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH HOLDING

FORWARD BAND APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

84A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - SECOND GEAR


PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 32 33 34 38 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 SUCTION LINE PRN SOLENOID "B" SOLENOID "A" INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH PWM FEED PWM MODULATOR CONVERTER FEED REGULATED LINE RELEASE APPLY COOLER LUBE DECREASE D-4 DRIVE SERVO APPLY SERVO APPLY AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED PRIMARY TRIM 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND CLUTCH SOLENOID "B" OFF 3RD 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO-1ST TCC SIGNAL 4TH 4TH CLUTCH D-3 D-2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO FEED LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST VOID VENT THERMO ELEMENT AIR BLEED

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (374A) (374B) (382) (411) (412)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 CHECKBALL #6 FILTER, SOLENOID A FILTER, SOLENOID B SCREEN ASSEMBLY, CONVERTER CLUTCH ASM. PLUG, BORE PLUG, CUP (ORIFICED)

84B

OVERDRIVE RANGE SECOND GEAR


#5 47
48

#6 49 19 47 20 2
18

18
2

3 45 46

46
50 10 50 49 46

49

49

49 17

18 50 20

49

2 17 29 11 46 30

45

45 2 38 17 2 2 30

(219)

2 17 30 38 2 50 2 2 45 50

49

18

26

18

5 49 2

#7

2 50 43 4 44 #8

7 29 43 42 21 7 6 30
38

50
17

2 45 2 50 30
50

38

38

17 50 50

38

49

5 11 34 10

49 2 11 10 34 2

6 18
18 30 49 30 42

49

49

#10 #9 32

29

43

44

49

50

50 50

50 20 49 49 44 22 22 18 22 24 23 28

25 32 10 25 18

49 8

50

13 14 26

29

10 9

50

1 26 2 12 11 2

1 26 49 49 23

9 13

11

10 24 32

20

50 10

24 18 26 28 15 20

OPT. 49 12 10 11

12

50

50

12 1 2

34 14
13

15 15/13

34 50

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)


THERMAL ELEMENT

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Side)


48 47 4 48 48 4 7 43 29 44 44 44 33 25 22 18 25 10 32 26 26 25 32 10 24 24 28 24 20 18 26 20 1 14/13 13 15 34 34 34 43 6 42 38 40 38 49 6 18 49 30 32 10 42 30 30 10 16 53/9 10 9 13 14 26 9 12 11 10 49 11 12 18 26 11 26 10 10 34 49 8 8 10 2 8 8 46 18 18 19 19
19 19

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Channel Plate Side)


#3 3 49 2 19 18
43 42

47 47 4 47 48 19 2 7 29 44 43 44 32 25 22 44 22 22 23 23 24 22 10 24 24 10 18

18 19 18
19

18 2 2 20 11 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 45 46 5 2 46 10

29 46

43

43 6 42 38 38 38 6

49 18

11 34

26 10 10 34 10 2 2 8 49 8 8

18 49

42 30 30 18 30 2 10 10 13 26 28 18 26 20 1 20 14 9 30

48b/47b 48c/47c 19d/18f 3a 2c B 48a 18g 8 2d/11a 45a SOLENOID 11 47a 31 46e 6 19b 2e FILTER 18h/19a 7 12 (374B) 19c/18k 10 26a 46f 10a 18a 4 2f 4b 30a 19 46c 5b 19 5 13 29b 18m 19e/20a A 4a/2g 46b 5a/2b 7a 11b SOLENOID 43b FILTER 46d/45b 43a 29a 6b 46a (374A) 21 44c 42a 40a/38b 38d 49d 11c 26c 44b/43c 38a 18b 10f 2k 6a 40b/38c 10b 9 44a 10e 20 26b/34a 8a/2h 14 42b 18c 34b 30f 1 8b 49a 33a/32d 49c

19 2 2 2 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 46 46 5

32a/30c

30b
3

14 26 9 10 49 15/13 12 11

22a 44d 12 SLOT IN GASKET


19

32b/30d
27

22

25

25 32 32

18d 22b
16

25c

10h

17

23

9b 13c

15

28

13 15

34 34

34

23a 24b

28c

26g/28b 26f/28a

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

SPACER PLATE (370)

(37) (38)

51 2 3 48 42 10 2 7 (411)

(412) 49
10 49

(411) 49

49 49

10

10

2 50 7

49 49 49 40

50

33 33 40 40 25 28 1
28 24

49 53 49 13
13

23

24
23

50 52 13 15
49

40

24 28 32 44

24

40 28 1 44 20 28 32
24

24

33 16

28
32

15 50 CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF (28) 15

44

44 20 16

32

16

23

50 16 52

(411)

16

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

24 23 23 28 44 16

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

(29) 16

16 1 52 15 (28)

20 44 32

28 24 23

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) Channel Plate Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 82

FOLDOUT 85

44

20

23

20

11

22d 23b 18

10g 22c 24c 24a

10m
24

32c
26 25

32e
33

26e

18n
32

26h

20b

1 13b/14a

20c

REVERSE SERVO BORE 2

42

3 48
52

18e 25b

2a/16a

14b
28

10k

26d 9a 12a 49b 11e

8d
30

44 22 22 23 23 22

18

SLOT IN GASKET

8 26 12 11 49 34 34 15

14 9 53

12b 11d

13 50 13
14/13

13a 34e 34c 15a 34d ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Channel Plate)


FORWARD SERVO BORE

#1

CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

20 50 50 50 (128) 50

50

(126) 16

(130) 50 44
32

16
20

16

23 23

44

50

28 24 23 28

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

16 44 20 44 32 28 24 32 16 44 16

10

25a

30e

10c

45
46 10 5

48

10 5 46

46 18

18 11 46 29

2 19

47 4

(411)

29

26

7 43 29 46 50 7 50

50 2 (411) 49 8 50 10 49 34 10 18 14

30

50

49 6

42 40 38 44

44

18 10 30 30 16 42

46 33 #4

49 18 18 25 40 22
25

8c

44

32 10 26

18 16 28

18 20 26 1 15

32

24 28

22 23 24

44

(411) #2

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES - NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST
32

- EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN


(124) (125)

20

44 (126) 16 (125)

44 20 (124)

44 20

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

OVERDRIVE RANGE THIRD GEAR


TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)


2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

COOLER

2ND CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST LUBE

EX

RELEASE

APPLY 3RD CL

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST

5a

6a

LO-1ST

3RD CL

2ND CL

4TH CL

11b

29a

18g

46e

48a

29b

45a

19b

47a

14b

11a

19a

18k

2a

CONV FD

47c

30c

LO-1ST

LINE 2b

A SOL

CONV FD

LINE

PRN

LINE INPUT CL FEED INPUT CL FEED

LINE

D-4

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

D-4 18f

45b

47b

#9

30d

SPACER PLATE (370)

49d

11c

30f

3a

6b

10

11

12

7a

2c

2f

20b 20c

LO

#7

#5

#6

20a 19e

PRN

32b

18h

30e

16a

46c

32a

46d

48b

19c

48c

GASKET (369)

46f

#3

REVERSE

19d

2d

5b

2e

LINE

LO

REV SRVO

D SRV AP

EX

REV

D-4

FWD BST

REV BST

LO

EX

B SOL

INPUT

REV

PRESS REG
LINE 4TH

32d 46a 46b 32c


32e

33a

EX

LO

EX

D-4

CL

MOD LINE

LINE

3RD IN CL FD

SERVO APPLY

D-2

2ND CL

B SOL OFF

B SOL OFF

MOD

CONV FD

3RD

SOL

DECREASE

RELEASE

3RD

APPLY

EX

OFF

A
4TH/4TH CL

43b

D-2

EX

D-4

LINE

LINE

EX

B SOL OFF

D-2

43a

D-2

3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

D-4

EX

3RD CL

LINE

14

3-4 ACCUM

4a 22a 10e

PWM FEED

MOD

2ND

3RD

LINE

MOD

EX

CONV CL

REG

LINE

25c

225a

SUCTION

PWM PWM MOD D-4 4TH OR 4TH CL 4TH EX

PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 AC

2-3 AC

EX

EX

MOD

MOD

22d
18

TCC SIG

N.O.

CONV
EX

CL

3RD CL

2ND CL

D-4

D-4

APPLY CONV FD LINE

2-3 ACCUM

MOD

26b 34a

MOD

LINE

D-4

12a REG

26d

28b

28a

14a

38c

8b

11d

2k

40a

33

32

31

30 12b

28 9b

27 10m

26

25

24

23

22

21

26g

26h

18e

18n

10a

23b

#1
13b

18d

38d

24c

10k

40b

8a

#10

20

19

26f

GASKET (369)

COOLER

MOD

EX

EX

EX

LINE

EX

EX

MOD

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE MODULATOR ACCUMULATOR A SOLENOID B SOLENOID

AIR BLEED

MOD

LINE

86

Figure 83

EX

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

COOLER

BOTTOM PAN (24)

EX

34

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

CHANNEL PLATE (400) CASE (3)

2ND CL

2ND CL

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (122)

2-3 ACC

2-3 ACCUM

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (124)

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

SLOT IN GASKET

1-2 ACCUM D-4 D-4

CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)


TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

MOD

2ND 2ND

4TH CL MOD MOD


RELEASE

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM 2ND CL SERVO APPLY COOLER

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

LUBE COOLER

30a

18m

49a

34b

49b

34e

10b

28c

24b

38a

30b

11e

26a

26e

13a

34c

15a

24a

23a

26c

13c

49c

10c

9a

8c

#2

8d

2h

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

GASKET (371)

SPACER PLATE (370)

1-2 ACCUM

38b

34d

D-4

RELEASE

RELEASE

SLOT IN GASKET

4TH

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

22c 22b

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

APPLY

APPLY

OFF

PRIMARY TRIM PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

17

4TH CL

C.C. SOL. EX

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

10h

R LINE

SERVO APPLY

3RD 3RD 2ND

LINE CONV FEED

EX

MOD

16 25b

10g

REGULATED LINE REG LINE

EX

10f 15

D-4

EX

D 2N

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

PWM MOD

MOD

1-2 ACCUM 1-2 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM MOD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

3RD

PWM SOL

SOL B OFF

CHANNEL PLATE (400)

B SOL OFF 3RD PWM FEED


EX

LINE

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (321)

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN

#8

43c

44b 44c 44d 44a

LINE

B OFF

B SOL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD LINE


2g

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

AUX INPUT CL FD PRIMARY TRIM

LUBE COOLER

3RD B SOL OFF

AIR BLEED

3RD

2ND

D-4

A SOL

42a 42b

D-3

D-3

D-3 D-3

4TH CL

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

18c

PUMP BODY (202)

A SOL

LO-1ST A

EX

D-4

18b

4TH CL

LO

4TH

INPUT CL AUX INPUT CL FD

3RD CL D-4 D-4

D-3

PRN PRN REV

REV EX

3-4 SHIFT

4-3 DOWN

4TH

OFF

N.O. EX

4TH

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX

MANUAL VALVE
EX

LO BLOW OFF VALVE (407)

LINE

13

#4

4b

B SOL B SOL

EX

12D DN R

18a

DECREASE

DECREASE

THERMO ELEMENT

EX

D-4

D-4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

LINE REV SERVO

LINE

EX

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

LUBE

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

COOLER

LUBE

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

INPUT CL

INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

COOLER CHECK VALVE (28)

OVERDRIVE RANGE - THIRD GEAR


When the PCM receives the appropriate input signals, it turns solenoid B OFF by removing its ground. With the solenoid operating in this state, solenoid B fluid exhausts from the spring side of the 3-2 manual downshift valve (356). Line pressure at the 2-3 shift valve (357) forces the valve to upshift and the input clutch releases. Solenoid B (315): Operating in the OFF mode, exhausts solenoid B fluid from the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) and the 3-2 manual downshift valve (356). 3-2 Manual Downshift Valve (356): When shifted against spring force by the 2-3 shift valve (357) it allows line pressure to pass through the valve and enter the solenoid B off fluid circuit. Solenoid B off fluid is then directed to the 1-2 shift valve (318) to assist in holding the valve in the downshifted position. 2-3 Shift Valve (357): When upshifted, it allows D-4 fluid to enter the 3rd fluid circuit. 3rd fluid is then directed to: the 3-4 shift valve (362) where it stops; and, into the TCC signal passage to the TCC solenoid (315) where it exhausts. 3rd fluid is also routed to the #9 checkball (372) and seats the checkball against the 3rd clutch fluid passage. #9 Checkball (372): Located in the valve body (300), it forces 3rd fluid through an orifice into the 3rd clutch fluid passage to the #4 checkball (372) and to the 2-3 accumulator piston (136). #4 Checkball (372): Located in the channel plate (400), it directs 3rd clutch fluid into the 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid circuit to apply the 3rd clutch. 2-3 Accumulator Piston (136): Moved by 3rd clutch fluid pressure against spring force and 2-3 accumulator fluid pressure. 2-3 accumulator fluid is then routed to the 2-3 accumulator valve (343). 2-3 Accumulator Valve (343): Uses line pressure to regulate the exhaust rate of 2-3 accumulator fluid in order to cushion the apply of the 3rd clutch. #3 Checkball (372): Seats against the PRN fluid passage directing input clutch fluid from the input clutch through the 3-4 shift valve (362) and into the input clutch feed passage. Input clutch feed is then directed to the 2-3 shift valve (357). 2-3 Shift Valve (357): Input clutch feed fluid passes through the upshifted valve and into the D-3 fluid passage. D-3 fluid is then routed to the manual valve (404) where it exhausts.
SUMMARY:

Solenoid state is: solenoid A is OFF and solenoid B is OFF. The input clutch releases as the 3rd clutch applies and holds the 3rd sprag clutch. The 2nd clutch is applied providing power to the input carrier assembly (672). The forward band is applied but the 1/2 support roller clutch is overrunning. The hydraulic system is prepared to apply the torque converter clutch.

SHIFT SOL "A" OFF

SHIFT SOL "B" OFF

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH APPLIED

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

FORWARD BAND

APPLIED HOLDING

OVERRUN APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

86A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - THIRD GEAR


PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 32 33 34 38 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 SUCTION LINE PRN SOLENOID "B" SOLENOID "A" INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH PWM FEED PWM MODULATOR CONVERTER FEED REGULATED LINE RELEASE APPLY COOLER LUBE DECREASE D-4 DRIVE SERVO APPLY SERVO APPLY AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED PRIMARY TRIM 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND CLUTCH SOLENOID "B" OFF 3RD 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO-1ST TCC SIGNAL 4TH 4TH CLUTCH D-3 D-2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO FEED LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST VOID VENT THERMO ELEMENT AIR BLEED

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (374A) (374B) (382) (411) (412)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 CHECKBALL #6 FILTER, SOLENOID A FILTER, SOLENOID B SCREEN ASSEMBLY, CONVERTER CLUTCH ASM. PLUG, BORE PLUG, CUP (ORIFICED)

86B

OVERDRIVE RANGE THIRD GEAR


#5 47
48

#6 49 19 47 20 2
18

18
2

3 45 46

46
50 10 50 49 46

49

49

49 17

18 50 20

49

2 17 29 11 46 30

45

45 2 38 17 2 2 30

(219)

2 17 30 38 2 50 2 2 45 50

49

18

26

18

5 49 2

#7

2 50 43 4 44 #8

7 29 43 42 21 7 6 30
38

50
17

2 45 2 50 30
50

38

38

17 50 50

38

49

5 11 34 10

49 2 11 10 34 2

6 18
18 30 49 30 42

49

49

#10 #9 32

29

43

44

49

50

50 50

50 20 49 49 44 22 22 18 22 24 23 28

25 32 10 25 18

49 8

50

13 14 26

29

10 9

50

1 26 2 12 11 2

1 26 49 49 23

9 13

11

10 24 32

20

50 10

24 18 26 28 15 20

OPT. 49 12 10 11

12

50

50

12 1 2

34 14
13

15 15/13

34 50

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)


48b/47b 48c/47c 45 46 26 30 29 11 46 18 45 46 46 5 2 46 10 B SOLENOID FILTER (374B)
48a

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)


THERMAL ELEMENT 19d/18f 18g 8 2c

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Side)


48 18 19 19
19 19

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Channel Plate Side)


#3 3 49 2 19 18
43 42

47 47 4 47 48 19 2 7 29 44 43 44 32 25 22 44 22 22 23 23 24 22 10 24 24 10 18

18 19 18
19

18 2 2 20 11 18

3a 45a 26a 30a 11b


4

47a 4b

12

13

4a/2g 29a

18m

46b

43

43 6 42 38 38 38 6

43b 43a 42a 44b/43c 44a 33a/32d 25a 22a 44d 12 SLOT IN GASKET
19 22

6b
21

46a 49d 6a
9

46d/45b 26c 10f 26b/34a 10e 10b

49 18

11 34

44c 26 10 10 34 10 2 2 8 49 8 8

40a/38b 38d 38a

11c

18b

40b/38c

18 49

42 30 30 18 30 2 10 10 13 26 28 18 26 20 1 20 14 9 30

14

20

18c

42b 30f 49c

34b
30b

32a/30c

32b/30d
27

14 26 9 10 49 15/13 12 11

25

25 32 32

18d 22b
16

25c

10h

17

23

9b 13c

15

28

13 15

34 34

34

23a 24b

28c

26g/28b 26f/28a

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

SPACER PLATE (370)

(37) (38)

51 2 3 48 42 10 2 7 (411) 49 49 49 40 50
10 49

(412) 49 (411) 49 49 49 2 50
10

10

33 33 40 40 25 28 1
28 24

52 49 13
13

40 40 13 15
49

33 28 1
20

28 32 44

28

15 50 CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF (28) 15

16

32

32

16

23

24

50 16 52

(411)

16

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

24 23 23 28 44 16

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

(29) 16

16 1 52 15 (28)

20 44 32

28 24 23

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) Channel Plate Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 84

FOLDOUT 87

44

20

44 32

28

44

23

20

20 16

53

24

49

50

23 24

11

22d 23b 18

10g 22c 24c 24a

10m
24

32c
26 25

32e
33

26e

18n
32

26h

20b

1 13b/14a

20c

REVERSE SERVO BORE 2

42

3 48
52

18e 25b

2a/16a

14b
28

22

18 25 10 32 26 26 25 32 10 24 24 28 18 26

32 10

16 53/9 10 9 13

8 14 26 9 12 11 10 49 11 12 8

10k

26d 9a 12a 49b 11e

8d
30

44 22 22 23 23 24 22

18

SLOT IN GASKET

8 26 12 11 49

14 9 53

12b 11d

13 50 13
14/13

20 1 20 14/13 13 15 34 34 34

13a 34e 34c 15a 34d ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

34 34 15

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Channel Plate)


FORWARD SERVO BORE

#1

CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

20 50 50 50 (128) 50

50

(126) 16

(130) 50 44
32

16
20

7 1 1 24
23 16

23 23

44

50

28 24 23 28

24

44

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

16 44 20 44 32 28 24 32 16 44 16

10

30e

10c

2d/11a 11 19b 2e 18h/19a 7 10 19c/18k 18a 2f 19 19 29b 19e/20a 7a

19 2 2 2 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 46 46 5

46e

31

47 4

48 48 4

18

45
46 10 5

48

46f 10a 46c 5b 5 5a/2b A SOLENOID FILTER (374A)


43

10 5 46

46 18

18 11 46 29

2 19

47 4

(411)

29 7 29 44 44 44 33 25 43 6 42 38 40 38 49 6 18 49 30 42 30 30 18 26 11 26 46

26

7 43 29 46 50 7 50

50
10 10 34 10 49 10 2 8 8

30

50

49 6

42 40 38 44

44

2k 8a/2h 49a 8b 8c

2 (411) 49 8

50 10 49 34 10 18 14 10

18 42 30 30 16

46 33 #4

49 18 18 25 40 22
25

44

32 10 26

18 16 28

18 20 26 1 15

32

24 28

22 23 24

44

(411) #2

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES - NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST
32

- EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN


(124) (125)

20

44 (126) 16 (125)

44 20 (124)

44 20

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

OVERDRIVE RANGE FOURTH GEAR


TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)


4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

INPUT CL

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)


INPUT CL REV SERVO

COOLER

2ND CL

APPLY 3RD CL

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST

5a

LO-1ST

3RD CL

2ND CL

4TH CL

11b

29a

18g

46e

48a

29b

45a

19b

47a

14b

11a

19a

18k

2a

CONV FD

30c

47c

LO-1ST

LINE 2b

A SOL

CONV FD

LINE

PRN

LINE INPUT CL FEED INPUT CL FEED

LINE

D-4

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

D-4 18f

#9

30d

SPACER PLATE (370)

49d

11c

30f

3a

6b

10

11

12

45b

47b

7a

2c

2f

20b 20c

LO

#7

#5

#6

20a 19e

PRN

32b

18h

30e

32a

16a

46c

46d

48b

19c

48c

GASKET (369)

46f

6a

#3

REVERSE

19d

2d

5b

2e

LINE

LO

REV SRVO

D SRV AP

EX

REV

D-4

FWD BST

REV BST

LO

REV

PRESS REG
EX

B SOL

32d 46a 46b 32c


32e

33a

EX

LO

EX

INPUT CL

D-4

MOD LINE

LINE

3RD IN CL FD

SERVO APPLY

D-2

2ND CL

B SOL OFF

B SOL OFF

MOD

CONV FD

3RD

SOL

DECREASE

3RD

RELEASE

APPLY

EX

ON

43b

D-2

A SOL

4TH/4TH CL

D-3 D-2

EX

D-4

LINE

LINE

EX

B SOL OFF

D-4

EX

3RD CL

LINE

14

3-4 ACCUM

4a 22a 10e

PWM FEED

MOD

2ND

3RD

LINE

MOD

EX

225a

SUCTION

2-3 AC

2-3 AC

EX

EX

MOD

MOD

22d
18

TCC SIG

N.O.

CONV

CL

3RD CL

2ND CL

D-4

D-4

EX

CONV FD

LINE

2-3 ACCUM

MOD

MOD

LINE

26b 34a

D-4

12a REG

26d

28b

38a

28a

14a

38c

8b

11d

2k

10m

26g

26h

18e

18n

18d

10a

12b

9b

23b

#1
13b

38d

24c

10k

40b

8a

#10

40a

33

32

31

30

28

27

26

25

24

23

22

21

20

19

GASKET (369)

26f

COOLER

MOD

EX

EX

EX

LINE

EX

EX

MOD

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE MODULATOR ACCUMULATOR A SOLENOID B SOLENOID

AIR BLEED

MOD

LINE

88

Figure 85

EX

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

COOLER

BOTTOM PAN (24)

EX

34

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

CHANNEL PLATE (400) CASE (3)

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (122)

2-3 ACC 2ND CL

2-3 ACCUM

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

2ND CL

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (124)

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

SLOT IN GASKET

1-2 ACCUM D-4 D-4

CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)


TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

MOD

2ND 2ND

4TH CL

RELEASE

MOD MOD

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM 2ND CL SERVO APPLY COOLER

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

LUBE COOLER

30a

18m

49a

34b

49b

34e

10b

28c

24b

30b

11e

26a

26e

13a

34c

15a

24a

23a

26c

13c

10c

49c

9a

8c

#2

8d

2h

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

GASKET (371)

SPACER PLATE (370)

1-2 ACCUM

38b

34d

D-4

APPLY

RELEASE

RELEASE

SLOT IN GASKET

4TH

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

22c 22b

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

APPLY

APPLY

ON

PRIMARY TRIM PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

17

4TH CL

C.C. SOL. EX

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

10h

R LINE

SERVO APPLY

PWM PWM MOD D-4 4TH OR 4TH CL 4TH EX

PRIMARY TRIM

3RD 3RD 2ND

LINE CONV FEED

EX

MOD

16 25b

10g

CONV CL

REG

LINE

25c

REGULATED LINE REG LINE

EX

10f 15

D-4

EX

D 2N

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

PWM MOD

MOD

1-2 ACCUM 1-2 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM MOD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

3RD

PWM SOL

SOL B OFF

CHANNEL PLATE (400)

B SOL OFF 3RD PWM FEED


EX

LINE

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (321)

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN

#8

43c

44b

4TH CL

44c 44d 44a

LINE

B OFF

B SOL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

AUX INPUT CL FD PRIMARY TRIM

LINE

2g

43a

D-2

3-4 ACCUM

LUBE COOLER

3RD B SOL OFF

D-4

AIR BLEED

42b

3RD

2ND

D-3

D-3 D-3

42a

4TH CL

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

18c

PUMP BODY (202)

A SOL

LO-1ST A

EX

D-4

4TH CL

LO

4TH

INPUT CL AUX INPUT CL FD

3RD CL D-4 D-4

D-3

PRN PRN REV

18b

REV EX

3-4 SHIFT

4-3 DOWN

4TH

4TH

OFF

LINE

N.O. EX

4TH

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX

MANUAL VALVE
EX

LO BLOW OFF VALVE (407)

LINE

13

#4

4b

B SOL B SOL

EX

12D DN R

18a

DECREASE

DECREASE

THERMO ELEMENT

EX

D-4

D-4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

EX

LINE REV SERVO

LINE

RELEASE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST LUBE

EX

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

COOLER

LUBE

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

COOLER CHECK VALVE (28)

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FOURTH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)

When the PCM receives the appropriate input signals, it turns solenoid A ON by supplying a ground for its electrical circuit. With the solenoid operating in this state, line pressure is blocked from exhausting and forced into the solenoid A fluid passage. Solenoid A (315): Operating in the ON mode, prevents line pressure from exhausting and forces it into the solenoid A passage to the 3-4 shift valve (362). The 1-2 shift valve (318) does not shift since it is held by solenoid B off fluid pressure and spring force at the end of the valve. 3-4 Shift Valve (362): When shifted by solenoid A fluid, it allows 3rd fluid to enter the 4th fluid passage and the 4th or 4th clutch fluid passage. Both fluids are routed to the #10 checkball (372) and seats the checkball against the 4th clutch fluid passage. #10 Checkball (372): Located in the valve body (300), it forces 4th fluid and 4th or 4th clutch fluid through a feed orifice into the 4th clutch circuit to apply the 4th clutch. 3-4 Accumulator Piston (428): Moved by 4th clutch fluid pressure against spring force and 3-4 accumulator pressure. 3-4 accumulator fluid is then routed to the 3-4 accumulator valve (350). 3-4 Accumulator Valve (350): Regulates the exhaust rate of 34 accumulator fluid during 4th clutch apply.
SUMMARY:

Solenoid state is: solenoid A is ON; solenoid B is OFF; and, the PWM and TCC solenoids are ON. The 4th clutch is applied and holding the input sun gear while the 2nd clutch is applied and driving the input carrier. The converter clutch is applied to eliminate torque converter fluid slip and the 3rd clutch is applied but overrunning the 3rd sprag clutch. The forward band is applied but the 1/2 support roller clutch is overrunning.

SHIFT SOL "A" ON

SHIFT SOL "B" OFF

4TH CLUTCH APPLIED

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH APPLIED

3RD CLUTCH *

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUN

INPUT CLUTCH

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

FORWARD BAND

OVERRUN APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

88A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FOURTH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)

PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 32 33 34 38 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 SUCTION LINE PRN SOLENOID "B" SOLENOID "A" INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH PWM FEED PWM MODULATOR CONVERTER FEED REGULATED LINE RELEASE APPLY COOLER LUBE DECREASE D-4 DRIVE SERVO APPLY SERVO APPLY AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED PRIMARY TRIM 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND CLUTCH SOLENOID "B" OFF 3RD 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO-1ST TCC SIGNAL 4TH 4TH CLUTCH D-3 D-2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO FEED LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST VOID VENT THERMO ELEMENT AIR BLEED

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (374A) (374B) (382) (411) (412)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 CHECKBALL #6 FILTER, SOLENOID A FILTER, SOLENOID B SCREEN ASSEMBLY, CONVERTER CLUTCH ASM. PLUG, BORE PLUG, CUP (ORIFICED)

88B

OVERDRIVE RANGE FOURTH GEAR


49

(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)


#5 47
48

#6 49 19 47 20 2
18

18
2

3 45 46

46
50 10 50 49 46

49

49 17

18 50 20

49

2 17 29 11 46 30

45

45 2 38 17 2 2 30

(219)

2 17 30 38 2 50 2 2 45 50

49

18

26

18

5 49 2

#7

2 50 43 4 44 #8

7 29 43 42 21 7 6 30
38

50
17

2 45 2 50 30
50

38

38

17 50 50

38

49

5 11 34 10

49 2 11 10 34
49 8

6 18
18 30 49 30 42

49

49

#10 #9 32

29

43

44

49

50

50 50

50

50 20 49 49 44 22 22 18 22 24 23 28

25 32 10 25 18

13 2 14 26 9 9 13 11 8

29

10

50

1 26 2 12 11 2

1 26 49 49 23

10 24 32

20

50 10

24 18 26 28 15 20

OPT. 49 12 10 11

12

50

50

12 1 2

34 14
13

15 15/13

34 50

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)


THERMAL ELEMENT

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Side)


48 47 4 48 48 4 7 43 29 44 44 44 33 25 22 18 25 10 32 26 26 25 32 10 24 24 28 24 ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382) 20 18 26 20 1 14/13 13 15 34 34 34 43 6 42 38 40 38 49 6 18 49 30 32 10 42 30 30 10 16 53/9 10 9 13 14 26 9 12 11 10 49 11 34 34 15 12 18 26 11 26 10 10 34 49 8 8 SLOT IN GASKET 8 26 12 11 49 10 2 8 8 (411) 2 49 8 50 10 49 34 10 18 46 18 18 19 19
19 19

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Channel Plate Side)


#3 3 49 2 19 18
43 42

47 47 4 47 48 19 2 7 29 44 43 44 32 25 22 44 22 22 23 23 24 22 10 24 24 10 18

18 19 18
19

18 2 2 20 11 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 45 46 5 2 46 10

29 46

43

43 6 42 38 38 38 6

49 18

11 34

26 10 10 34 10 2 2 8 49 8 8

18 49

42 30 30 18 30 2 10 10 13 26 28 18 26 20 1 20 14 9 30

48b/47b 48c/47c 19d/18f 3a 2c B 48a 18g 8 2d/11a 45a SOLENOID 11 47a 31 46e 6 19b 2e FILTER 18h/19a 7 12 (374B) 19c/18k 10 26a 46f 10a 18a 4 2f 4b 30a 19 46c 5b 19 5 13 29b 18m 19e/20a A 4a/2g 46b 5a/2b 7a 11b SOLENOID 43b FILTER 46d/45b 43a 29a 6b 46a (374A) 21 44c 42a 40a/38b 38d 49d 11c 26c 44b/43c 38a 18b 10f 2k 6a 40b/38c 10b 9 44a 10e 20 26b/34a 8a/2h 14 42b 18c 34b 30f 1 8b 49a 33a/32d 49c

19 2 2 2 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 46 46 5

32a/30c

30b
3

10 14 26 9 10 49 15/13

22a 44d 12 SLOT IN GASKET


19

22

27

25

25 32 32

18d 22b
16

25c

10h

17

23

9b 13c

12 11

15

28

13 15

34 34

34

23a 24b

28c

26g/28b 26f/28a

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

SPACER PLATE (370)

(37) (38)

51 2 3 48 42 10 2 7 (411) 49 49 49 40 50
10 49

(412) 49 (411) 49 49 49 2 50
10

10

33 33 40 40 25 28 1
28 24

49 53 49 13
13

50 52 13 15
49

40

23 24 33

40

28 32 44

15 50 CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF (28) 15

28 1 44 20 28 32
24

16

32

16

23

50 16 52

(411)

16

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

24 23 23 28 44 16

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

(29) 16

16 1 52 15 (28)

20 44 32

28 24 23

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) Channel Plate Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 86

FOLDOUT 89

44

20

23

20

11

22d 23b 18

10g 22c 24c 24a

10m
24

32c
26 25

32e
33

26e

18n
32

26h

20b

1 13b/14a

20c

REVERSE SERVO BORE 2

42

3 48
52

18e 25b

32b/30d

2a/16a

25a

30e

10c 14b
28

10k

26d 9a 12a 49b 11e

13a 34e 34c 15a 34d

45 46 10 5 10 5 46 50 46 18

48

18 11 46 30 29

2 19

47 4

(411)

29

26

7 43 29 46 50 7 50

50

49 6

42 40 38 44

44

18 10 14

42 30 30 16

46 33 #4

49 18 18 25 40 22
25

8c

14 9 53

8d
30

44

44 22 22 23 23 22

18

32 10 26

18 16 28

12b 11d

13 50 13
14/13

18 20 26 1 15

32

24 28

22 23 24

44

(411)

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Channel Plate)


FORWARD SERVO BORE

#1

CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF

#2

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE:

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

20 50 50 50 (128) 50

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

50

- NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW.
(130) 50 44
32

(126) 16

16
20

7 1 1 24
23 24

16

23 23

44

50

- DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST
32

- EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN


28 (124) (125) 44 16

28 24 23

24

28

32

44

44 20 16

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

16 44 20 44 32 28 24 32 16

20

44 (126) 16 (125)

44 20 (124)

44 20

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

OVERDRIVE RANGE 4-3 DOWNSHIFT


TORQUE CONVERTER (1)
INPUT CL

(Torque Converter Clutch Released)


4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)


INPUT CL REV SERVO

COOLER

2ND CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST LUBE

EX

RELEASE

APPLY 3RD CL

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST

5a

LO-1ST

3RD CL

2ND CL

4TH CL

11b

29a

18g

46e

48a

29b

45a

19b

47a

14b

11a

19a

18k

2a

CONV FD

30c

47c

LO-1ST

LINE 2b

A SOL

CONV FD

LINE

PRN

LINE INPUT CL FEED INPUT CL FEED

LINE

D-4

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

D-4 18f

#9

30d

SPACER PLATE (370)

49d

11c

30f

3a

6b

10

11

12

45b

47b

7a

2c

2f

20b 20c

LO

#7

#5

#6

20a 19e

PRN

32b

18h

30e

32a

16a

46c

46d

48b

19c

48c

GASKET (369)

46f

6a

#3

REVERSE

19d

5b

2d

2e

LINE

LO

REV SRVO

D SRV AP

EX

REV

D-4

FWD BST

REV BST

LO

REV

PRESS REG
EX

LINE

3RD IN CL FD

SERVO APPLY

D-2

2ND CL

B SOL OFF

B SOL OFF

MOD

CONV FD

3RD

SOL

DECREASE

RELEASE

3RD

APPLY

EX

OFF

A
4TH/4TH CL

43b

D-2

EX

D-4

LINE

LINE

EX

B SOL OFF

D-2

43a

D-2

3-4 ACCUM

D-4

EX

3RD CL

LINE

14

3-4 ACCUM

4a 22a 10e

PWM FEED

MOD

2ND

3RD

LINE

MOD

EX

CONV CL

REG

LINE

225a

SUCTION

PWM PWM MOD D-4 4TH OR 4TH CL 4TH EX

PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 AC

2-3 AC

EX

EX

MOD

MOD

22d
18

TCC SIG

N.O.

D-4

D-4

EX

CONV FD

LINE

2-3 ACCUM

26b 34a

MOD

MOD

LINE

D-4

12a REG

26d

28a

28b

14a

38c

8b

8d

11d

2k

10m

26g

18e

18n

18d

26h

10a

12b

23b

9b

#1
13b

38d

24c

10k

40b

8a

26f

COOLER

MOD

EX

EX

EX

LINE

EX

EX

MOD

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE MODULATOR ACCUMULATOR A SOLENOID B SOLENOID

AIR BLEED

MOD

LINE

90

Figure 87

EX

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

COOLER

BOTTOM PAN (24)

EX

34

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

CHANNEL PLATE (400) CASE (3)

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (122)

2-3 ACC 2ND CL

2-3 ACCUM

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

2ND CL

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (124)

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

SLOT IN GASKET

1-2 ACCUM D-4 D-4

CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

MOD

2ND 2ND

4TH CL

RELEASE

MOD MOD

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM 2ND CL SERVO APPLY COOLER

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

GASKET (369)

#10

40a

33

32

31

30

28

27

26

25

24

23

22

21

20

19

LUBE COOLER

30a

18m

49a

34b

49b

30b

10b

28c

24b

38a

11e

34e

26a

26e

13a

34c

15a

24a

23a

26c

13c

10c

49c

9a

8c

#2

2h

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

GASKET (371)

SPACER PLATE (370)

1-2 ACCUM

38b

34d

D-4

RELEASE

RELEASE

APPLY

SLOT IN GASKET

4TH

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

22c 22b

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

APPLY

APPLY

OFF

PRIMARY TRIM PRIMARY TRIM

4TH

CONV

CL

3RD CL

2ND CL

C.C. SOL. EX

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

17

CL

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

10h

R LINE

SERVO APPLY

3RD 3RD 2ND


LINE CONV FEED

EX

MOD

16 25b

10g

25c

REGULATED LINE REG LINE

EX

10f 15

D-4

EX

D 2N

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

PWM MOD

MOD

1-2 ACCUM 1-2 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM MOD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

3RD

PWM SOL

SOL B OFF

CHANNEL PLATE (400)

B SOL OFF 3RD PWM FEED


EX

LINE

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (321)

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN

#8

43c

44b 44c 44d 44a

4TH CL

LINE

B OFF

B SOL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD LINE


2g

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

AUX INPUT CL FD PRIMARY TRIM

LUBE COOLER

3RD B SOL OFF

AIR BLEED

D-4

42b

3RD

2ND

A SOL

D-3

D-3

D-3 D-3

42a

4TH CL

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

18c

PUMP BODY (202)

A SOL

LO-1ST A

EX

D-4

4TH CL

LO

4TH

INPUT CL AUX INPUT CL FD

32e 18b

3RD CL D-4 D-4

D-3

PRN PRN REV

REV EX

32c

3-4 SHIFT

4-3 DOWN

4TH

4TH

OFF

LINE

46b

LO-1ST 3RD CL

B SOL

32d 46a

33a

EX

LO

EX

INPUT CL

D-4

MOD LINE

N.O. EX

4TH

EX
LO BLOW OFF VALVE (407)

MANUAL VALVE
EX

LINE

13

#4

4b

B SOL B SOL

EX

12D DN R

18a

DECREASE

DECREASE

THERMO ELEMENT

EX

D-4

D-4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

LINE REV SERVO


EX

LINE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

LUBE

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

COOLER

LUBE

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

COOLER CHECK VALVE (28)

OVERDRIVE RANGE - 4-3 DOWNSHIFT


(Torque Converter Clutch Released)

Under light throttle acceleration, the torque converter clutch releases and the transaxle will downshift to Third gear when the PCM receives the appropriate input signals. To achieve a 4-3 downshift with the converter clutch released the PCM turns OFF the PWM solenoid, TCC solenoid and shift solenoid A. PWM Solenoid (325): Before the PWM solenoid is OFF completely (0% duty cycle), it ramps down from its operating duty cycle to 0% duty cycle in order to modify PWM fluid pressure. When OFF, full line pressure passes through the solenoid to the converter clutch regulator valve (330). Converter Clutch Regulator Valve (330): Controlled by PWM fluid pressure, it allows line pressure into the regulated line passage. Regulated line is then routed to the converter clutch valve (335) where it stops. TCC Solenoid (315): Operating in the OFF mode, exhausts TCC signal fluid through the solenoid allowing line pressure and spring force to move the converter clutch valve (335). Converter Clutch Valve (335): When shifted, converter feed pressure enters the release passage and is routed to the #1 checkball (372) and seats it against the apply fluid passage. Release fluid is also sent to the TCC blow off checkball (420) and to the release side of the torque converter clutch plate. With the valve in this position, apply fluid from the torque converter is routed to the valve where it feeds into the cooler passage, through the cooler and into the lube circuit. #1 Checkball (372): Located in the channel plate (400), it seats against the converter apply passage. TCC Blow Off Checkball Lineup (417-420): Held closed by spring force, it exhausts release fluid pressure in excess of 690 kPa (100 psi). Solenoid A (315): Operating in the OFF mode, allows solenoid A fluid from the 3-4 shift valve (362) to exhaust. 3-4 Shift Valve (362): When solenoid A fluid exhausts, spring force moves the valve to the downshifted position. 3-4 Accumulator Assembly (421-428): The 4th clutch releases when 4th clutch fluid is routed through the 3-4 accumulator assembly (421-428) to the #10 checkball (372). Regulated 3-4 accumulator fluid pressure and spring force moves the 3-4 accumulator piston (428) to the downshifted position. #10 Checkball (372): Located in the valve body (300), it seats against the 4th fluid passage and directs 4th clutch fluid into the 4th or 4th clutch fluid passage. 4th or 4th clutch fluid is then routed to the 3-4 shift valve (362) where it exhausts.
SUMMARY:

Solenoid state is: solenoid A is OFF; solenoid B is OFF, PWM solenoid is OFF and the TCC solenoid is OFF. The torque converter clutch and the 4th clutch release. The 2nd clutch is applied and driving the input carrier while the 3rd clutch is applied to prevent the input sun gear from turning at a faster speed. The forward band is applied but the 1/2 support is overrunning.
SHIFT SOL "A" OFF SHIFT SOL "B" OFF 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH APPLIED

3RD CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH

2/1 BAND

FORWARD BAND

APPLIED HOLDING

OVERRUN APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

90A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - 4-3 DOWNSHIFT


(Torque Converter Clutch Released)

PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 32 33 34 38 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 SUCTION LINE PRN SOLENOID "B" SOLENOID "A" INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH PWM FEED PWM MODULATOR CONVERTER FEED REGULATED LINE RELEASE APPLY COOLER LUBE DECREASE D-4 DRIVE SERVO APPLY SERVO APPLY AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED PRIMARY TRIM 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND CLUTCH SOLENOID "B" OFF 3RD 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO-1ST TCC SIGNAL 4TH 4TH CLUTCH D-3 D-2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO FEED LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST VOID VENT THERMO ELEMENT AIR BLEED

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (374A) (374B) (382) (411) (412)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 CHECKBALL #6 FILTER, SOLENOID A FILTER, SOLENOID B SCREEN ASSEMBLY, CONVERTER CLUTCH ASM. PLUG, BORE PLUG, CUP (ORIFICED)

90B

OVERDRIVE RANGE 4-3 DOWNSHIFT


49

(Torque Coverter Clutch Released)


#5 47
48

#6 49 19 47 20 2
18

18
2

3 45 46

46
50 10 50 49 46

49

49 17

18 50 20

49

2 17 29 11 46 30

45

45 2 38 17 2 2 30

(219)

2 17 30 38 2 50 2 2 45 50

49

18

26

18

5 49 2

#7

2 50 43 4 44 #8

7 29 43 42 21 7 6 30
38

50
17

2 45 2 50 30
50

38

38

17 50 50

38

49

5 11 34 10

49 2 11 10 34 2

6 18
18 30 49 30 42

49

49

#10 #9 32

29

43

44

49

50

50 50

50 20 49 49 44 22 22 18 22 24 23 28

25 32 10 25 18

49 8

50

13 14 26

29

10 9

50

1 26 2 12 11 2

1 26 49 49 23

9 13

11

10 24 32

20

50 10

24 18 26 28 15 20

OPT. 49 12 10 11

12

50

50

12 1 2

34 14
13

15 15/13

34 50

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)


THERMAL ELEMENT

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Side)


48 47 4 48 48 4 7 43 29 44 44 44 33 25 22 18 25 10 32 26 26 25 32 10 24 24 28 24 20 18 26 20 1 14/13 13 15 34 34 34 43 6 42 38 40 38 49 6 18 49 30 32 10 42 30 30 10 16 53/9 10 9 13 14 26 9 12 11 10 49 11 12 18 26 11 26 10 10 34 49 8 8 10 2 8 8 46 18 18 19 19
19 19

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Channel Plate Side)


#3 3 49 2 19 18
43 42

47 47 4 47 48 19 2 7 29 44 43 44 32 25 22 44 22 22 23 23 24 22 10 24 24 10 18

18 19 18
19

18 2 2 20 11 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 45 46 5 2 46 10

29 46

43

43 6 42 38 38 38 6

49 18

11 34

26 10 10 34 10 2 2 8 49 8 8

18 49

42 30 30 18 30 2 10 10 13 26 28 18 26 20 1 20 14 9 30

48b/47b 48c/47c 19d/18f 3a 2c B 48a 18g 8 2d/11a 45a SOLENOID 11 47a 31 46e 6 19b 2e FILTER 18h/19a 7 12 (374B) 19c/18k 10 26a 46f 10a 18a 4 2f 4b 30a 19 46c 5b 19 5 13 29b 18m 19e/20a A 4a/2g 46b 5a/2b 7a 11b SOLENOID 43b FILTER 46d/45b 43a 29a 6b 46a (374A) 21 44c 42a 40a/38b 38d 49d 11c 26c 44b/43c 38a 18b 10f 2k 6a 40b/38c 10b 9 44a 10e 20 26b/34a 8a/2h 14 42b 18c 34b 30f 1 8b 49a 33a/32d 49c

19 2 2 2 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 46 46 5

32a/30c

30b
3

14 26 9 10 49 15/13 12 11

22a 44d 12 SLOT IN GASKET


19

32b/30d
27

22

25

25 32 32

18d 22b
16

25c

10h

17

23

9b 13c

15

28

13 15

34 34

34

23a 24b

28c

26g/28b 26f/28a

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

SPACER PLATE (370)

(37) (38)

51 2 3 48 42 10 2 7 (411) 49 49 49 40 50
10 49

(412) 49 (411) 49 49 49 2 50
10

10

33 33 40 40 25 28 1
28 24

49 53 49 13
13

50 52 13 15
49

40 40 28 1 44 20 28 32
24

23 24 33 16

28 32 44

15 50 CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF (28) 15

32

16

23

50 16 52

(411)

16

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

24 23 23 28 44 16

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

(29) 16

16 1 52 15 (28)

20 44 32

28 24 23

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) Channel Plate Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 88

FOLDOUT 91

44

20

23

20

11

22d 23b 18

10g 22c 24c 24a

10m
24

32c
26 25

32e
33

26e

18n
32

26h

20b

1 13b/14a

20c

REVERSE SERVO BORE 2

42

3 48
52

18e 25b

2a/16a

14b
28

10k

26d 9a 12a 49b 11e

8d
30

44 22 22 23 23 22

18

SLOT IN GASKET

8 26 12 11 49 34 34 15

14 9 53

12b 11d

13 50 13
14/13

13a 34e 34c 15a 34d ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Channel Plate)


FORWARD SERVO BORE

#1

CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

20 50 50 50 (128) 50

50

(126) 16

(130) 50 44
32

16
20

7 1 1 24
23 24

16

23 23

44

50

28 24 23 28

24

28

32

44

44 20 16

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

16 44 20 44 32 28 24 32 16 44 16

10

25a

30e

10c

45
46 10 5

48

10 5 46

46 18

18 11 46 29

2 19

47 4

(411)

29

26

7 43 29 46 50 7 50

50 2 (411) 49 8 50 10 49 34 10 18 14

30

50

49 6

42 40 38 44

44

18 10 30 30 16 42

46 33 #4

49 18 18 25 40 22
25

8c

44

32 10 26

18 16 28

18 20 26 1 15

32

24 28

22 23 24

44

(411) #2

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES - NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST
32

- EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN


(124) (125)

20

44 (126) 16 (125)

44 20 (124)

44 20

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

OVERDRIVE RANGE 3-2 DOWNSHIFT


INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST LUBE 2ND CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

APPLY 3RD CL

LUBE

EX

32a

LO-1ST

3RD CL

2ND CL

4TH CL

29b

11b

6b

20a 19e

18g

46e

48a

29a

45a

19b

47a

14b

11a

19a

18k

2a

CONV FD

47c

LO-1ST

LINE 2b

A SOL

CONV FD

LINE

PRN

LINE INPUT CL FEED INPUT CL FEED

LINE

D-4

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

D-4 18f

#9
30c

30d

SPACER PLATE (370)

49d

11c

30f

3a

10

11

12

7a

2c

2f

45b

47b

20b

LO

#7

#5

#6

PRN

32b

18h

30e

16a

46c

48b

19c

48c

GASKET (369)

46f

46d

6a

#3

REVERSE

19d

5b

2d

2e

LINE

LO

REV SRVO

D SRV AP

EX

REV

D-4

FWD BST

REV BST

LO

REV

PRESS REG
EX

B SOL
EX N.O.

32d 46a 46b

33a

EX

LO

EX

INPUT CL

D-4

4TH

MOD LINE

3RD IN CL FD

D-2

B SOL OFF

B SOL OFF

MOD

CONV FD

3RD

B SOL

DECREASE

RELEASE

3RD

APPLY

EX

EX

D-4

D-4

EX

3RD CL

LINE

14

3-4 ACCUM

4a 22a 10e

SOL B OFF

PWM FEED

MOD

2ND

3RD

LINE

MOD

EX

CONV CL

REG

LINE

25c

225a

SUCTION

PWM PWM MOD D-4 4TH OR 4TH CL 4TH EX

PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 AC

2-3 AC

EX

EX

MOD

MOD

D-4

D-4

EX

CONV FD

22b

LINE

2-3 ACCUM

MOD

MOD

LINE

D-4

12a REG

26d

28a

28b

49c

14a

38c

26b 34a

8b

11d

2k

10m

26g

26h

18e

18n

18d

10a

12b

9b

23b

#1
13b

38d

24c

10k

40b

8a

#10

40a

33

32

31

30

28

27

26

25

24

23

22

21

20

19

EX

GASKET (369)

26f

LINE

EX

EX

MOD

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE MODULATOR ACCUMULATOR A SOLENOID B SOLENOID

AIR BLEED

MOD

LINE

92

Figure 89

EX

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

COOLER

BOTTOM PAN (24)

EX

34

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

CHANNEL PLATE (400) CASE (3)

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (122)

2-3 ACC

2-3 ACCUM

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

2ND CL

2ND CL

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (124)

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

SLOT IN GASKET

D-4

D-4

1-2 ACCUM

CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

MOD

2ND 2ND

4TH CL

RELEASE

MOD MOD

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM 2ND CL SERVO APPLY COOLER

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

COOLER

MOD

EX

EX

LUBE COOLER

18m

49a

34b

34e

49b

30a

10b

28c

24b

30b

11e

38a

26a

26e

13a

15a

24a

23a

26c

13c

34c

10c

9a

8c

#2

8d

2h

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

GASKET (371)

SPACER PLATE (370)

1-2 ACCUM

38b

34d

D-4

APPLY

RELEASE

RELEASE

SLOT IN GASKET

4TH

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

22c

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

APPLY

APPLY

OFF

22d
18

TCC SIG

N.O.

CONV

CL

3RD CL

2ND CL

PRIMARY TRIM PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

17

4TH CL

C.C. SOL. EX

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

10h

R LINE

SERVO APPLY

3RD 3RD 2ND

LINE CONV FEED

EX

MOD

16 25b

10g

REGULATED LINE REG LINE

EX

10f 15

D-4

EX

D 2N

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

PWM MOD

MOD

1-2 ACCUM 1-2 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM MOD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

3RD

PWM SOL

CHANNEL PLATE (400)

B SOL OFF 3RD PWM FEED

EX

AUX INPUT CL FD PRIMARY TRIM

LINE

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (321)

44c

LINE

B OFF

B SOL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD LINE


2g

44d 44a

LINE

LINE

EX

B SOL OFF

D-2 #8
43c

43a 44b

D-2

3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

LUBE COOLER

3RD B SOL OFF

AIR BLEED

3RD

2ND

A SOL

4TH/4TH CL

D-3

D-3 D-4

OFF

43b

D-2

D-3 D-3

42a 42b

4TH CL

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

18c

PUMP BODY (202)

A SOL

LO-1ST A

32e
18b

EX

D-4

4TH CL

2ND CL

LO

4TH

INPUT CL AUX INPUT CL FD

3RD CL D-4 D-4

D-3

SERVO APPLY

PRN PRN REV

REV EX

32c

3-4 SHIFT

4-3 DOWN

4TH

4TH

LINE

LINE

ON

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX

MANUAL VALVE
EX

LO BLOW OFF VALVE (407)

LINE

13

#4

4b

B SOL B SOL

EX

12D DN R

18a

DECREASE

DECREASE

THERMO ELEMENT

EX

3RD CL/LO-1ST

5a

20c

D-4

D-4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

LINE REV SERVO

LINE

RELEASE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

LUBE

LUBE

COOLER

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

EX

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)


INPUT CL

COOLER

COOLER CHECK VALVE (28)

OVERDRIVE RANGE - 3-2 DOWNSHIFT


During all full throttle downshifts, engine manifold vacuum supply to the vacuum modulator (32) drops allowing the modulator valve (34) to move and increase modulator pressure to the line boost valve (304). A full throttle 3-2 downshift occurs when the PCM receives input signals from the appropriate sensors to turn solenoid B ON. With the solenoid operating in this state, line pressure is blocked from exhausting through the solenoid and forced into the solenoid B fluid passage. Modulator Valve (34): Moves deeper in its bore in response to lower engine manifold vacuum. This causes an increase in modulator pressure that feeds the line boost valve (304) and accumulator valves. Line Boost Valve (304): Moves in response to modulator pressure to increase line pressure through the pressure regulator valve (313). Pressure Regulator Valve (313): Provides increased line pressure in response to increased modulator pressure. Solenoid B (315): Operating in the ON mode, prevents line pressure from exhausting and directs it into the solenoid B passage. Solenoid B fluid is then routed to the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) and shifts the valve against spring force. Solenoid B fluid is also directed to the 3-2 manual downshift valve (356) and shifts the valve against line pressure. 3-2 Manual Downshift Valve (356): Solenoid B fluid forces the 3-2 manual downshift valve (356) and the 2-3 shift valve (357) into the downshifted position. 2-3 Shift Valve (357): D-4 fluid enters the auxiliary input clutch feed passage and is routed to the 2-3 accumulator valve (343) and 4-3 manual downshift valve (360). Line pressure enters the input feed passage and is directed to the 3-4 shift valve (362). 3-4 Shift Valve (362): Directs input clutch feed fluid into the input clutch passage and sends it to the #3 checkball (372). #3 Checkball (372): Located in the channel plate (400), it seats against the PRN fluid passage allowing input clutch fluid to apply the input clutch. #4 Checkball (372): Located in the channel plate (400), seats against the lo-1st fluid passage to allow 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid to enter the 3rd clutch fluid passage. 3rd clutch fluid, from the 2-3 accumulator assembly and #4 checkball (372), is then routed to the #9 checkball (372). 2-3 Accumulator Piston (136): Moved to the downshifted position by spring force and regulated 2-3 accumulator pressure. #9 Checkball (372): Located in the valve body (300), it seats against the 3rd fluid passage and directs 3rd clutch fluid through an exhaust orifice into the 3rd fluid circuit. 3rd fluid from the 1-2 shift valve (318) and 3-4 shift valve (362) is sent to the 2-3 shift valve (357) where it exhausts.
SUMMARY:

Solenoid state is: solenoid A is OFF and solenoid B is ON. The 3rd clutch releases as the input clutch applies, however the input sprag clutch overruns. The 2nd clutch is applied and driving the input carrier and the input sun gear overruns the input sprag clutch. The forward band is applied and the 1/2 support roller clutch is holding.

SHIFT SOL "A" OFF

SHIFT SOL "B" ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH APPLIED

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH *

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUN

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH HOLDING

FORWARD BAND APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

92A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - 3-2 DOWNSHIFT


PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 32 33 34 38 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 SUCTION LINE PRN SOLENOID "B" SOLENOID "A" INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH PWM FEED PWM MODULATOR CONVERTER FEED REGULATED LINE RELEASE APPLY COOLER LUBE DECREASE D-4 DRIVE SERVO APPLY SERVO APPLY AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED PRIMARY TRIM 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND CLUTCH SOLENOID "B" OFF 3RD 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO-1ST TCC SIGNAL 4TH 4TH CLUTCH D-3 D-2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO FEED LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST VOID VENT THERMO ELEMENT AIR BLEED

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (374A) (374B) (382) (411) (412)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 CHECKBALL #6 FILTER, SOLENOID A FILTER, SOLENOID B SCREEN ASSEMBLY, CONVERTER CLUTCH ASM. PLUG, BORE PLUG, CUP (ORIFICED)

92B

OVERDRIVE RANGE 3-2 DOWNSHIFT


#5 47
48

#6 49 19 47 20 2
18

18
2

3 45 46

46
50 10 50 49 46

49

49

49 17

18 50 20

49

2 17 29 11 46 30

45

45 2 38 17 2 2 30

(219)

2 17 30 38 2 50 2 2 45 50

49

18

26

18

5 49 2

#7

2 50 43 4 44 #8

7 29 43 42 21 7 6 30
38

50
17

2 45 2 50 30
50

38

38

17 50 50

38

49

5 11 34 10

49 2 11 10 34 2

6 18
18 30 49 30 42

49

49

#10 #9 32

29

43

44

49

50

50 50

50 20 49 49 44 22 22 18 22 24 23 28

25 32 10 25 18

49 8

50

13 14 26

29

10 9

50

1 26 2 12 11 2

1 26 49 49 23

9 13

11

10 24 32

20

50 10

24 18 26 28 15 20

OPT. 49 12 10 11

12

50

50

12 1 2

34 14
13

15 15/13

34 50

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)


THERMAL ELEMENT

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Side)


48 47 4 48 48 4 7 43 29 44 44 44 33 25 22 18 25 10 32 26 26 25 32 10 24 24 28 24 ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382) 20 18 26 20 1 14/13 13 15 34 34 34 43 6 42 38 40 38 49 6 18 49 30 32 10 42 30 30 10 16 53/9 10 9 13 14 26 9 12 11 10 49 11 34 34 15 12 18 26 11 26 10 10 34 49 8 8 SLOT IN GASKET 8 26 12 11 49 10 2 8 8 (411) 2 49 8 50 10 49 34 10 18 46 18 18 19 19
19 19

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Channel Plate Side)


#3 3 49 2 19 18
43 42

47 47 4 47 48 19 2 7 29 44 43 44 32 25 22 44 22 22 23 23 24 22 10 24 24 10 18

18 19 18
19

18 2 2 20 11 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 45 46 5 2 46 10

29 46

43

43 6 42 38 38 38 6

49 18

11 34

26 10 10 34 10 2 2 8 49 8 8

18 49

42 30 30 18 30 2 10 10 13 26 28 18 26 20 1 20 14 9 30

48b/47b 48c/47c 19d/18f 3a 2c B 48a 18g 8 2d/11a 45a SOLENOID 11 47a 31 46e 6 19b 2e FILTER 18h/19a 7 12 (374B) 19c/18k 10 26a 46f 10a 18a 4 2f 4b 30a 19 46c 5b 19 5 13 29b 18m 19e/20a A 4a/2g 46b 5a/2b 7a 11b SOLENOID 43b FILTER 46d/45b 43a 29a 6b 46a (374A) 21 44c 42a 40a/38b 38d 49d 11c 26c 44b/43c 38a 18b 10f 2k 6a 40b/38c 10b 9 44a 10e 20 26b/34a 8a/2h 14 42b 18c 34b 30f 1 8b 49a 33a/32d 49c

19 2 2 2 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 46 46 5

32a/30c

30b
3

14 26 9 10 49 15/13 12 11

22a 44d 12 SLOT IN GASKET


19

22

27

25

25 32 32

18d 22b
16

25c

10h

17

23

9b 13c

15

28

13 15

34 34

34

23a 24b

28c

26g/28b 26f/28a

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

SPACER PLATE (370)

(37) (38)

51 2 3 48 42 10 2 7 (411)

(412) 49
10 49

(411) 49

49 49

10

10

2 50 7

49 49 49 40

50

33 33 40 40 25 28 1
28 24

49 53 49 13
13

23

24
23

50 52 13 15
49

40

24 28 32 44

24

40 28 1
20

24

33 16

28
32

15 50 CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF (28) 15

32

16

23

24

50 16 52

(411)

16

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

24 23 23 28 44 16

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

(29) 16

16 1 52 15 (28)

20 44 32

28 24 23

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) Channel Plate Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 90

FOLDOUT 93

44

20

44 32

28

44

44 20 16

23

20

11

22d 23b 18

10g 22c 24c 24a

10m
24

32c
26 25

32e
33

26e

18n
32

26h

20b

1 13b/14a

20c

REVERSE SERVO BORE 2

42

3 48
52

18e 25b

32b/30d

2a/16a

14b
28

14 9 53

10k

26d 9a 12a 49b 11e

8d
30

44 22 22 23 23 22

18

12b 11d

13 50 13
14/13

13a 34e 34c 15a 34d

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Channel Plate)


FORWARD SERVO BORE

#1

CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

20 50 50 50 (128) 50

50

(126) 16

(130) 50 44
32

16
20

16

23 23

44

50

28 24 23 28

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

16 44 20 44 32 28 24 32 16 44 16

10

25a

30e

10c

45 46 10 5 10 5 46 50 46 18

48

18 11 46 30 29

2 19

47 4

(411)

29

26

7 43 29 46 50 7 50

50

49 6

42 40 38 44

44

18 10 14 30 30 16 42

46 33 #4

49 18 18 25 40 22
25

8c

44

32 10 26

18 16 28

18 20 26 1 15

32

24 28

22 23 24

44

(411) #2

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES - NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST
32

- EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN


(124) (125)

20

44 (126) 16 (125)

44 20 (124)

44 20

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

DRIVE RANGE MANUAL THIRD


TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

(From Overdrive Range Fourth Gear)

2ND CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST LUBE

EX

RELEASE

APPLY 3RD CL

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST

5a

LO-1ST

3RD CL

2ND CL

4TH CL

11b

29a

6b

20a 19e

18g

46e

48a

29b

45a

19b

47a

14b

11a

19a

18k

2a

CONV FD

30c

47c

LO-1ST

LINE 2b

A SOL

CONV FD

LINE

PRN

LINE INPUT CL FEED INPUT CL FEED

LINE

D-4

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

D-4 18f

#9

30d

SPACER PLATE (370)

49d

11c

30f

3a

10

11

12

45b

47b

7a

2c

2f

20b

LO

#7

#5

#6

PRN

32b

18h

30e

32a

16a

46c

48b

19c

48c

GASKET (369)

46f

46d

6a

#3

REVERSE

19d

5b

2d

2e

LINE

LO

REV SRVO

D SRV AP

EX

REV

D-4

FWD BST

REV BST

LO

REV

PRESS REG
EX

3RD IN CL FD

SERVO APPLY

D-2

2ND CL

B SOL OFF

B SOL OFF

MOD

CONV FD

3RD

SOL

DECREASE

3RD

RELEASE

APPLY

EX

OFF

A
4TH/4TH CL

43b

D-2

EX

D-4

LINE

LINE

EX

B SOL OFF

D-2

43a

D-2

3-4 ACCUM

D-4

EX

3RD CL

LINE

14

3-4 ACCUM

4a 22a 10e

PWM FEED

MOD

2ND

3RD

LINE

MOD

EX

CONV CL

REG

LINE

225a

SUCTION

PWM PWM MOD D-4 4TH OR 4TH CL 4TH EX

PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 AC

2-3 AC

EX

EX

MOD

D-4

D-4

EX

CONV FD

LINE

2-3 ACCUM

MOD

MOD

LINE

D-4

12a REG

26d

28a

28b

26b 34a

14a

38c

8b

11d

2k

10m

26g

26h

18e

18n

10a

12b

23b

9b

#1
13b

18d

38d

24c

10k

40b

8a

26f

COOLER

MOD

EX

EX

EX

LINE

EX

EX

MOD

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE MODULATOR ACCUMULATOR A SOLENOID B SOLENOID

AIR BLEED

MOD

LINE

94

Figure 91

EX

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

COOLER

BOTTOM PAN (24)

EX

34

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

CHANNEL PLATE (400) CASE (3)

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (122)

2-3 ACC 2ND CL

2-3 ACCUM

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

2ND CL

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (124)

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

SLOT IN GASKET

1-2 ACCUM D-4 D-4

CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

MOD

2ND 2ND

4TH CL

RELEASE

MOD MOD

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM 2ND CL SERVO APPLY COOLER

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

GASKET (369)

#10

40a

33

32

31

30

28

27

26

25

24

23

22

21

20

19

LUBE COOLER

30a

18m

49a

34b

49b

34e

10b

28c

24b

38a

30b

11e

26a

26e

13a

34c

15a

24a

23a

26c

13c

10c

49c

9a

8c

#2

8d

2h

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

GASKET (371)

SPACER PLATE (370)

1-2 ACCUM

38b

34d

D-4

RELEASE

RELEASE

APPLY

SLOT IN GASKET

4TH

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

22c 22b

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

APPLY

APPLY

OFF

MOD

22d
18

TCC SIG

N.O.

PRIMARY TRIM PRIMARY TRIM

4TH

CONV

CL

3RD CL

2ND CL

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

17

CL

C.C. SOL. EX

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

10h

R LINE

SERVO APPLY

3RD 3RD 2ND

LINE CONV FEED

EX

MOD

16 25b

10g

25c

REGULATED LINE REG LINE

EX

10f 15

D-4

EX

D 2N

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

PWM MOD

MOD

1-2 ACCUM 1-2 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM MOD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

3RD

PWM SOL

SOL B OFF

CHANNEL PLATE (400)

PWM FEED

B SOL OFF 3RD

EX

LINE

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (321)

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN

#8

43c

44b 44c 44d 44a

4TH CL

LINE

B OFF

B SOL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD LINE


2g

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

AUX INPUT CL FD PRIMARY TRIM

LUBE COOLER

3RD B SOL OFF


AIR BLEED

D-4

42b

3RD

2ND

A SOL

42a

D-3

D-3

D-3 D-3

4TH CL

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

18c

PUMP BODY (202)

A SOL

LO-1ST A

EX

D-4

4TH CL

LO

4TH

INPUT CL AUX INPUT CL FD

32e 18b

3RD CL D-4 D-4

D-3

PRN PRN REV

REV EX

32c

3-4 SHIFT

4-3 DOWN

4TH

4TH

LINE

LINE

OFF

46b

LO-1ST 3RD CL

B SOL

32d 46a

33a

EX

LO

EX

INPUT CL

D-4

MOD LINE

N.O. EX

4TH

EX

MANUAL VALVE

LO BLOW OFF VALVE (407)

LINE

13

#4

4b

B SOL B SOL

EX

12D DN R

EX

18a

DECREASE

DECREASE

THERMO ELEMENT

EX

20c

D-4

D-4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

LINE REV SERVO


EX

LINE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

LUBE

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

COOLER

LUBE

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)


INPUT CL

COOLER

COOLER CHECK VALVE (28)

DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL THIRD


(From Overdrive Range - Fourth Gear)

When the gear selector lever is moved to the Drive Range (D), the manual valve (404) moves and allows line pressure to enter the D-3 fluid circuit. The torque converter clutch releases in the same way as previously explained in the Overdrive Range - 4-3 Downshift hydraulic circuits. However, the torque converter clutch may re-apply in Manual Third when the appropriate operating conditions have been met. Manual Valve (404): Allows line pressure to enter the D-3 fluid circuit and routes it to the 3-4 shift valve (362) and the 2-3 shift valve (357). PWM Solenoid (325): Ramps down from its operating duty cycle to 0% duty cycle in order to modify PWM fluid pressure. When OFF, full line pressure passes through the solenoid to the converter clutch regulator valve (330). Converter Clutch Regulator Valve (330): Controlled by PWM fluid pressure, it allows line pressure into the regulated line passage. Regulated line is then routed to the converter clutch valve (335) where it stops. TCC Solenoid (315): Operating in the OFF mode, exhausts TCC signal fluid through the solenoid allowing line pressure and spring force to move the converter clutch valve (335). Converter Clutch Valve (335): When shifted, converter feed pressure enters the release passage and is routed to the #1 checkball (372) and seats it against the apply fluid passage. Release fluid is also sent to the TCC blow off checkball (420) and to the release side of the torque converter clutch plate. With the valve in this position, apply fluid from the torque converter is routed to the valve where it feeds into the cooler passage, through the cooler and into the lube circuit. #1 Checkball (372): Located in the channel plate (400), it seats against the converter apply passage. TCC Blow Off Checkball Lineup (417-420): Held closed by spring force, exhausts release fluid pressure in excess of 690 kPa (100 psi). Solenoid A (315): Operating in the OFF mode, allows solenoid A fluid from the 3-4 shift valve (362) to exhaust. 3-4 Shift Valve (362): When solenoid A fluid exhausts, spring force moves the valve to the downshifted position and D-3 assists in holding the valve in this position. 3-4 Accumulator Assembly (421-428): The 4th clutch releases when 4th clutch fluid is routed through the 3-4 accumulator assembly (421428) to the #10 checkball (372). Regulated 3-4 accumulator fluid pressure and spring force moves the 3-4 accumulator piston (428) to the downshift position. #10 Checkball (372): Located in the valve body (300), it seats against the 4th fluid passage and directs 4th clutch fluid into the 4th or 4th clutch fluid passage. 4th or 4th clutch fluid is then routed to the 3-4 shift valve (362) where it exhausts. 2-3 Shift Valve (357): D-3 fluid passes through the valve and enters the input feed passage. Input feed fluid is routed through the 3-4 shift valve (362) and into the input clutch fluid circuit to the #3 checkball (372). #3 Checkball (372): Located in the channel plate (400), seats against the PRN fluid passage allowing input clutch fluid to apply the input clutch.
SUMMARY:

Solenoid state is: solenoid A is OFF; solenoid B is OFF, PWM solenoid is OFF and the TCC solenoid is OFF. The torque converter clutch and the 4th clutch release. The 2nd clutch is applied and driving the input carrier while the 3rd clutch is applied to prevent the input sun gear from turning at a faster speed. The input clutch is applied to hold the input sprag clutch and input sun gear during engine compression braking. The forward band is applied but the 1/2 support is overrunning.
SHIFT SOL "A" @OFF SHIFT SOL "B" @OFF 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED HOLDING

OVERRUN APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

94A

DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL THIRD


(From Overdrive Range - Fourth Gear)

PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 32 33 34 38 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 SUCTION LINE PRN SOLENOID "B" SOLENOID "A" INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH PWM FEED PWM MODULATOR CONVERTER FEED REGULATED LINE RELEASE APPLY COOLER LUBE DECREASE D-4 DRIVE SERVO APPLY SERVO APPLY AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED PRIMARY TRIM 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND CLUTCH SOLENOID "B" OFF 3RD 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO-1ST TCC SIGNAL 4TH 4TH CLUTCH D-3 D-2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO FEED LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST VOID VENT THERMO ELEMENT AIR BLEED

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (374A) (374B) (382) (411) (412)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 CHECKBALL #6 FILTER, SOLENOID A FILTER, SOLENOID B SCREEN ASSEMBLY, CONVERTER CLUTCH ASM. PLUG, BORE PLUG, CUP (ORIFICED)

94B

DRIVE RANGE MANUAL THIRD


49

(From Overdrive Range Fourth Gear)


#5 47
48

#6 49 19 47 20 2
18

18
2

3 45 46

46
50 10 50 49 46

49

49 17

18 50 20

49

2 17 29 11 46 30

45

45 2 38 17 2 2 30

(219)

2 17 30 38 2 50 2 2 45 50

49

18

26

18

5 49 2

#7

2 50 43 4 44 #8

7 29 43 42 21 7 6 30
38

50
17

2 45 2 50 30
50

38

38

17 50 50

38

49

5 11 34 10

49 2 11 10 34 2

6 18
18 30 49 30 42

49

49

#10 #9 32

29

43

44

49

50

50 50

50 20 49 49 44 22 22 18 22 24 23 28

25 32 10 25 18

49 8

50

13 14 26

29

10 9

50

1 26 2 12 11 2

1 26 49 49 23

9 13

11

10 24 32

20

50 10

24 18 26 28 15 20

OPT. 49 12 10 11

12

50

50

12 1 2

34 14
13

15 15/13

34 50

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)


48b/47b 48c/47c 45 46 26 30 29 11 46 18 45 46 46 5 2 46 10 B SOLENOID FILTER (374B)
48a

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)


THERMAL ELEMENT 19d/18f 18g 2c

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Side)


48 18 19 19
19 19

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Channel Plate Side)


#3 3 49 2 19 18
43 42

47 47 4 47 48 19 2 7 29 44 43 44 32 25 22 44 22 22 23 23 24 22 10 24 24 10 18

18 19 18
19

18 2 2 20 11 18

3a 45a 26a 30a 11b


4

47a 4b

12

13

4a/2g 29a

18m

46b

43

43 6 42 38 38 38 6

43b 43a 42a 44b/43c 44a 33a/32d 25a 22a 44d 12 SLOT IN GASKET
19 22

6b
21

46a 49d 6a
9

46d/45b 26c 10f 26b/34a 10e 10b

49 18

11 34

44c 26 10 10 34 10 2 2 8 49 8 8

40a/38b 38d 38a

11c

18b

40b/38c

18 49

42 30 30 18 30 2 10 10 13 26 28 18 26 20 1 20 14 9 30

14

20

18c

42b 30f 49c

34b
30b

32a/30c

32b/30d
27

14 26 9 10 49 15/13 12 11

25

25 32 32

18d 22b
16

25c

10h

17

23

9b 13c

15

28

13 15

34 34

34

23a 24b

28c

26g/28b 26f/28a

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

SPACER PLATE (370)

(37) (38)

51 2 3 48

(412) 49 10 2
10 49

42 (411) 49

49 49

10

10

2 50 7

7 (411)

49 49 49 40

50

33 40

40 25 28

49 53 49 1
28 24

50 52 13 13 15
49

13

33 28 1
20

15 50 CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF (28) 15

16

32

16

23

24

50 16 52

(411)

16

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

24 23 23 28 44 16

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

(29) 16

16 1 52 15 (28)

20 44 32

28 24 23

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) Channel Plate Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 92

FOLDOUT 95

44

20

44 32

28

23

11

22d 23b 18

10g 22c 24c 24a

10m
24

32c
26 25

32e
33

26e

18n
32

26h

20b

1 13b/14a

20c

REVERSE SERVO BORE 2

42

3 48
52

40 40

18e 25b

2a/16a

14b
28

22

18 25 10 32 26 26 25 32 10 24 24 28 18 26

32 10

16 53/9 10 9 13

8 14 26 9 12 11 10 49 11 12 8

10k

26d 9a 12a 49b 11e

8d
30

44 22 22 23 23 24 22

18

SLOT IN GASKET

8 26 12 11 49

14 9 53

12b 11d

13 50 13
14/13

20 1 20 14/13 13 15 34 34 34

13a 34e 34c 15a 34d ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

34 34 15

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Channel Plate)


FORWARD SERVO BORE

#1

CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

20 50 50 50 (128) 50

50

(126) 16

(130) 50 44
32

16
20

1 33

1 24
23 24

16

23 23

44

50

23 24 28 32 44 20

28 24 23 28

24

28

32

44 20 16

44

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

16 44 20 44 32 28 24 32 16 44 16

10

30e

10c

8 2d/11a 11 19b 2e 18h/19a 7 10 19c/18k 18a 2f 19 19 29b 19e/20a 7a

19 2 2 2 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 46 46 5

46e

31

47 4

48 48 4

18

45
46 10 5

48

46f 10a 46c 5b 5 5a/2b A SOLENOID FILTER (374A)


43

10 5 46

46 18

18 11 46 29

2 19

47 4

(411)

29 7 29 44 44 44 33 25 43 6 42 38 40 38 49 6 18 49 30 42 30 30 18 26 11 26 46

26

7 43 29 46 50 7 50

50
10 10 34 10 49 10 2 8 8

30

50

49 6

42 40 38 44

44

2k 8a/2h 49a 8b 8c

2 (411) 49 8

50 10 49 34 10 18 14 10

18 42 30 30 16

46 33 #4

49 18 18 25 40 22
25

44

32 10 26

18 16 28

18 20 26 1 15

32

24 28

22 23 24

44

(411) #2

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES - NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST
32

- EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN


(124) (125)

20

44 (126) 16 (125)

44 20 (124)

44 20

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

DRIVE RANGE MANUAL SECOND


TORQUE CONVERTER (1)
INPUT CL

(From Drive Range Manual Third)


4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

COOLER

2ND CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

EX

APPLY 3RD CL

LUBE

EX

LO-1ST

3RD CL

2ND CL

32a

4TH CL

29b

11b

6b

20a 19e

18g

46e

48a

29a

45a

19b

47a

14b

11a

19a

18k

2a

CONV FD

47c

LO-1ST

LINE 2b

A SOL

CONV FD

LINE

PRN

LINE INPUT CL FEED INPUT CL FEED

LINE

D-4

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

D-4 18f

#9
30c

30d

SPACER PLATE (370)

49d

11c

30f

3a

10

11

12

7a

2c

2f

45b

47b

20b

LO

#7

#5

#6

PRN

32b

18h

30e

16a

46c

48b

19c

48c

GASKET (369)

46f

46d

6a

#3

REVERSE

19d

2d

5b

2e

LINE

LO

REV SRVO

D SRV AP

EX

REV

D-4

FWD BST

REV BST

LO

REV

PRESS REG
EX

B SOL
EX N.O.

32d 46a 46b

33a

EX

LO

EX

INPUT CL

D-4

4TH

MOD LINE

3RD IN CL FD

D-2

B SOL OFF

B SOL OFF

MOD

CONV FD

3RD

B SOL

DECREASE

3RD

RELEASE

APPLY

EX

EX

EX

D-4

D-4

EX

AUX INPUT CL FD PRIMARY TRIM

3RD CL

LINE

14

3-4 ACCUM

4a 22a 10e

SOL B OFF

PWM FEED

MOD

2ND

3RD

LINE

MOD

EX

CONV CL

REG

LINE

25c

225a

SUCTION

PWM PWM MOD D-4 4TH OR 4TH CL 4TH EX

PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 AC

2-3 AC

EX

EX

MOD

MOD

D-4

D-4

EX

CONV FD

22b

LINE

2-3 ACCUM

MOD

MOD

LINE

D-4

12a REG

26d

28a

28b

26b 34a

49c

14a

38c

8b

11d

2k

10m

26g

26h

18e

18n

18d

10a

12b

9b

23b

#1
13b

38d

24c

10k

40b

8a

#10

40a

33

32

31

30

28

27

26

25

24

23

22

21

20

19

26f

EX

GASKET (369)

COOLER

MOD

EX

EX

LINE

EX

EX

MOD

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE MODULATOR ACCUMULATOR A SOLENOID B SOLENOID

AIR BLEED

MOD

LINE

EX

96

Figure 93

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

COOLER

BOTTOM PAN (24)

EX

34

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

CHANNEL PLATE (400) CASE (3)

2ND CL

2ND CL

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (124)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (122)

2-3 ACC

2-3 ACCUM

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

SLOT IN GASKET

D-4

D-4

1-2 ACCUM

CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

MOD

2ND 2ND

RELEASE

4TH CL

MOD MOD

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM 2ND CL SERVO APPLY COOLER

LUBE COOLER

18m

49a

34b

30a

49b

30b

34e

10b

28c

24b

38a

11e

26a

26e

13a

15a

24a

23a

26c

13c

34c

10c

9a

8c

#2

8d

2h

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

GASKET (371)

SPACER PLATE (370)

1-2 ACCUM

38b

34d

D-4

APPLY

RELEASE

RELEASE

SLOT IN GASKET

4TH

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

22c

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

APPLY

APPLY

OFF

TCC SIG

22d
18

N.O.

CONV

CL

3RD CL

2ND CL

PRIMARY TRIM PRIMARY TRIM

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

17

4TH CL

C.C. SOL. EX

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

10h

R LINE

SERVO APPLY

3RD 3RD 2ND

LINE CONV FEED

EX

MOD

16 25b

10g

REGULATED LINE REG LINE

EX

10f 15

D-4

EX

D 2N

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

PWM MOD

MOD

1-2 ACCUM 1-2 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM MOD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

3RD

PWM SOL

CHANNEL PLATE (400)


B SOL OFF 3RD PWM FEED

EX

LINE

LINE

B OFF

B SOL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

44d

LINE

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (321)

44c

LINE

LINE

B SOL OFF

43a

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN

#8

43c

44b

44a 2g

D-2

D-2

3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

LUBE COOLER

3RD B SOL OFF

AIR BLEED

D-4

42b

3RD

2ND

A SOL

42a

D-3

4TH/4TH CL

D-3

OFF

43b

D-2

D-3 D-3

4TH CL

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

18c

PUMP BODY (202)

A SOL

LO-1ST A

32e
18b

EX

D-4

4TH CL

2ND CL

LO

4TH

INPUT CL AUX INPUT CL FD

3RD CL D-4 D-4

D-3

SERVO APPLY

PRN PRN REV

REV EX

32c

3-4 SHIFT

4-3 DOWN

4TH

4TH

LINE

LINE

ON

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX

MANUAL VALVE

LO BLOW OFF VALVE (407)

LINE

13

#4

4b

B SOL B SOL

EX

12D DN R

EX

18a

DECREASE

DECREASE

THERMO ELEMENT

EX

3RD CL/LO-1ST

5a

20c

D-4

D-4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

LINE REV SERVO

LINE

RELEASE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

LUBE

LUBE

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

COOLER

LUBE

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

INPUT CL

INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

COOLER CHECK VALVE (28)

DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL SECOND


(From Drive Range - Manual Third)

When the gear selector lever is moved to the Manual Second (2) gear range, the manual valve (404) moves and allows line pressure to enter the D-2 fluid circuit. Manual Valve (404): Allows line pressure to enter the D-2 fluid circuit and routes it to the #8 checkball (372). #8 Checkball (372): Located in the valve body (300), it seats against the manual 2-1 servo feed passage sending D-2 fluid to the 2-3 shift valve (357). 2-3 Shift Valve (357): Downshifted by D-2 fluid pressure allowing D-2 fluid to enter the manual 2-1 servo feed passage. Manual 2-1 servo feed fluid is then routed to the 2/1 manual servo piston (108). 2/1 Manual Servo Piston (108): Stroked by D-2 fluid, it applies the 2/1 band assembly (680) which holds the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678). Solenoid B (315): Operating in the ON mode, prevents line pressure from exhausting and directs it into the solenoid B passage. Solenoid B fluid is then routed to the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) and shifts the valve against spring force. Solenoid B fluid is also directed to the 3-2 manual downshift valve (356). 3-2 Manual Downshift Valve (356): Shifted by spring force and solenoid B fluid, it assists in holding the 2-3 shift valve (357) in the downshifted position. Solenoid B off fluid from the 1-2 shift valve (318) and the 2-3 accumulator valve (350) also exhausts through the valve. #4 Checkball (372): Located in the channel plate (400), seats against the lo-1st fluid passage to allow 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid to enter the 3rd clutch fluid passage. 3rd clutch fluid, from the 2-3 accumulator assembly and #4 checkball (372), is then routed to the #9 checkball (372). 2-3 Accumulator Piston (136): Moved to the downshifted position by spring force and regulated 2-3 accumulator pressure. #9 Checkball (372): Located in the valve body (300), it seats against the 3rd fluid passage and directs 3rd clutch fluid through an exhaust orifice into the 3rd fluid circuit. 3rd fluid from the 1-2 shift valve (318) and 3-4 shift valve (362) is sent to the 2-3 shift valve (357) where it exhausts.
SUMMARY:

Solenoid state is: solenoid A is OFF and solenoid B is ON. The 3rd clutch releases as the 2/1 band applies to hold the reaction sun gear drum assembly. The input clutch is applied however the input clutch sprag is overrun by the input sun gear. The 2nd clutch is applied and driving the input carrier and input sun gear. The forward band is applied and holding the 1/2 support outer race but the 1/2 support roller clutch is not effective.

SHIFT SOL "A" @OFF

SHIFT SOL "B" @ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH APPLIED

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH *

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

FORWARD BAND APPLIED

OVERRUN APPLIED HOLDING

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

96A

DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL SECOND


(From Drive Range - Manual Third)

PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 32 33 34 38 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 SUCTION LINE PRN SOLENOID "B" SOLENOID "A" INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH PWM FEED PWM MODULATOR CONVERTER FEED REGULATED LINE RELEASE APPLY COOLER LUBE DECREASE D-4 DRIVE SERVO APPLY SERVO APPLY AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED PRIMARY TRIM 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND CLUTCH SOLENOID "B" OFF 3RD 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO-1ST TCC SIGNAL 4TH 4TH CLUTCH D-3 D-2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO FEED LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST VOID VENT THERMO ELEMENT AIR BLEED

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (374A) (374B) (382) (411) (412)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 CHECKBALL #6 FILTER, SOLENOID A FILTER, SOLENOID B SCREEN ASSEMBLY, CONVERTER CLUTCH ASM. PLUG, BORE PLUG, CUP (ORIFICED)

96B

DRIVE RANGE MANUAL SECOND


49

(From Drive Range Manual Third)


#5 47
48

#6 49 19 47 20 2
18

18
2

3 45 46

46
50 10 50 49 46

49

49 17

18 50 20

49

2 17 29 11 46 30

45

45 2 38 17 2 2 30

(219)

2 17 30 38 2 50 2 2 45 50

49

18

26

18

5 49 2

#7

2 50 43 4 44 #8

7 29 43 42 21 7 6 30
38

50
17

2 45 2 50 30
50

38

38

17 50 50

38

49

5 11 34 10

49 2 11 10 34 2

6 18
18 30 49 30 42

49

49

#10 #9 32

29

43

44

49

50

50 50

50 20 49 49 44 22 22 18 22 24 23 28

25 32 10 25 18

49 8

50

13 14 26

29

10 9

50

1 26 2 12 11 2

1 26 49 49 23

9 13

11

10 24 32

20

50 10

24 18 26 28 15 20

OPT. 49 12 10 11

12

50

50

12 1 2

34 14
13

15 15/13

34 50

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)


48b/47b 48c/47c 45 46 26 30 29 11 46 18 45 46 46 5 2 46 10 B SOLENOID FILTER (374B)
48a

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)


THERMAL ELEMENT 19d/18f 18g 2c

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Side)


48 18 19 19
19 19

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Channel Plate Side)


#3 3 49 2 19 18
43 42

47 47 4 47 48 19 2 7 29 44 43 44 32 25 22 44 22 22 23 23 24 22 10 24 24 10 18

18 19 18
19

18 2 2 20 11 18

3a 45a 26a 30a 11b


4

47a 4b

12

13

4a/2g 29a

18m

46b

43

43 6 42 38 38 38 6

43b 43a 42a 44b/43c 44a 33a/32d 25a 22a 44d 12 SLOT IN GASKET
19 22

6b
21

46a 49d 6a
9

46d/45b 26c 10f 26b/34a 10e 10b

49 18

11 34

44c 26 10 10 34 10 2 2 8 49 8 8

40a/38b 38d 38a

11c

18b

40b/38c

18 49

42 30 30 18 30 2 10 10 13 26 28 18 26 20 1 20 14 9 30

14

20

18c

42b 30f 49c

34b
30b

32a/30c

32b/30d
27

14 26 9 10 49 15/13 12 11

25

25 32 32

18d 22b
16

25c

10h

17

23

9b 13c

15

28

13 15

34 34

34

23a 24b

28c

26g/28b 26f/28a

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

SPACER PLATE (370)

(37) (38)

51 2 3 48

(412) 49 10 2
10 49

42 (411) 49

49 49

10

10

2 50 7

7 (411)

49 49 49 40

50

33 33 40 40 25 28 1
28 24

49 53 49 13
13

23

24
23

50 52 13 15
49

40

24 28 32 44 20

24

40 28 1
20

24

33 16

28
32

15 50 CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF (28) 15

32

16

23

24

50 16 52

(411)

16

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

24 23 23 28 44 16

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

(29) 16

16 1 52 15 (28)

20 44 32

28 24 23

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) Channel Plate Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 94

FOLDOUT 97

44

20

44 32

28

44 20 16

44

23

11

22d 23b 18

10g 22c 24c 24a

10m
24

32c
26 25

32e
33

26e

18n
32

26h

20b

1 13b/14a

20c

REVERSE SERVO BORE 2

42

3 48
52

18e 25b

2a/16a

14b
28

22 26d 8d
30

18 25 10 32 26 26 25 32 10 24 24 28 18 26

32 10

16 53/9 10 9 13

8 14 26 9 12 11 10 49 11 12 8 SLOT IN GASKET 8 26 12 11 49 13 15 34 34 34 34 34 15

14 9 53

10k

9a 12a 49b 11e 13a 34e 34c 15a 34d ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382) 12b 11d 23

44 22 22 22 23 24

18

13 50 13
14/13

20 1 20 14/13

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Channel Plate)


FORWARD SERVO BORE

#1

CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

20 50 50 50 (128) 50

50

(126) 16

(130) 50 44
32

16
20

16

23 23

44

50

28 24 23 28

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

16 44 20 44 32 28 24 32 16 44 16

10

30e

10c

8 2d/11a 11 19b 2e 18h/19a 7 10 19c/18k 18a 2f 19 19 29b 19e/20a 7a

19 2 2 2 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 46 46 5

46e

31

47 4 A SOLENOID FILTER (374A)

48 48 4

18

45 46 10 5 10 5 46 50 46 18

48

46f 10a 46c 5b 5 5a/2b 43

18 11 46 30 29

2 19

47 4

(411)

29 7 29 44 44 44 33 25 43 6 42 38 40 38 49 6 18 49 30 42 30 30 18 26 11 26 46

26

7 43 29 46 50 7 50

50

49 6

42 40 38 44

44

2k 8a/2h 49a 8b 8c

10 10 34 10 49 10

2 8 8 (411)

2 49 8

50 10 49 34 10 18 14 10

18 42 30 30 16

46 33 #4

49 18 18 25 40 22
25

44

32 10 26

18 16 28 22 28 24 23

18 20 26 1 15

32

24

44

(411) #2

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES - NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST
32

- EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN


(124) (125)

20

44 (126) 16

(125)

44 20 (124)

44 20

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

DRIVE RANGE MANUAL FIRST


TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

(From Drive Range Manual Second)

3RD CL/LO-1ST

APPLY 3RD CL

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST

5a

LO-1ST

3RD CL

2ND CL

4TH CL

11b

6b

20a 19e

3a

18g

46e

48a

29a

29b

45a

19b

47a

14b

11a

19a

18k

2a

CONV FD

45b

47c

D-4 18f

#9 GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

30d

7a

SPACER PLATE (370)

10

11

12

49d

11c

30f

2c

2f

LO-1ST

LINE 2b

A SOL

30c

CONV FD

LINE

PRN

47b

LINE

D-4

LINE

LO

REV SRVO

D SRV AP

EX

REV

D-4

FWD BST

REV BST

EX

3RD IN CL FD

SERVO APPLY

D-2

2ND CL

B SOL OFF

B SOL OFF

MOD

CONV FD

3RD

B SOL

DECREASE

3RD

RELEASE

APPLY

EX

EX

EX

B SOL OFF

43a

D-4

LINE

LINE

D-4

EX

EX

AUX INPUT CL FD PRIMARY TRIM

3RD CL

LINE SOL B OFF

14

3-4 ACCUM

B SOL OFF 3RD PWM FEED

4a 22a 10e

PWM FEED

MOD

2ND

3RD

LINE

MOD

EX

SUCTION

2-3 AC

2-3 AC

EX

EX

MOD

MOD

22d
18

D-4

D-4

EX

APPLY CONV FD LINE


34d

2-3 ACCUM

MOD

MOD

LINE

D-4

12a REG

28c

26b 34a

8b

8d

11d

2k

10m

26g

26h

18e

18n

10a

12b

9b

23b

#1
13b

18d

38d

24c

10k

40b

8a

#10

40a

33

32

31

30

28

27

26

25

24

23

22

21

20

19

26f

GASKET (369)

COOLER

MOD

EX

EX

EX

LINE

EX

EX

MOD

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE MODULATOR ACCUMULATOR A SOLENOID B SOLENOID

AIR BLEED

MOD

LINE

EX

98

Figure 95

MODULATOR ASSEMBLY (32)

MOD

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

COOLER

BOTTOM PAN (24)

EX

34

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

CHANNEL PLATE (400) CASE (3)

2ND CL

2ND CL

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (124)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (122)

2-3 ACC

2-3 ACCUM

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382)

SLOT IN GASKET

1-2 ACCUM

D-4

D-4

CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)


TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

MOD

2ND 2ND

4TH CL MOD MOD


RELEASE

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM 2ND CL SERVO APPLY COOLER

LUBE COOLER

18m

49a

34b

34e

49b

26d

30a

10b

24b

38a

30b

11e

26a

26e

13a

15a

24a

23a

26c

13c

34c

49c

10c

9a

8c

#2

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

28b

28a

14a

2h

38c

GASKET (371)

SPACER PLATE (370)

1-2 ACCUM

38b

D-4

RELEASE

RELEASE

SLOT IN GASKET

4TH

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

22c 22b

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)


APPLY

APPLY

OFF

TCC SIG

N.O.

PRIMARY TRIM PRIMARY TRIM

CONV

CL

3RD CL

2ND CL

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

17

4TH CL

C.C. SOL. EX

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

10h

R LINE

SERVO APPLY

PWM PWM MOD D-4 4TH OR 4TH CL 4TH EX

PRIMARY TRIM

3RD 3RD 2ND

LINE CONV FEED

EX

MOD

16 25b

10g

CONV CL

REG

LINE

25c

225a

REGULATED LINE REG LINE

EX

10f 15

D-4

EX

D 2N

3-4 ACCUM

SEC 1-2 ACCUM

PWM MOD

MOD

1-2 ACCUM 1-2 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM 3-4 ACCUM MOD

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

3RD

PWM SOL

CHANNEL PLATE (400)


LINE

LINE

B OFF

B SOL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

44d

LINE

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (321)

44c

2-3 SHIFT

3-2 DOWN

#8

43c

44b

44a 2g

D-2

D-2

3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

LUBE COOLER

3RD B SOL OFF

AIR BLEED

D-4

42b

3RD

2ND

A SOL

42a

D-3

4TH/4TH CL

D-3

ON

43b

D-2

D-3 D-3

4TH CL

N.O. EX

1-2 SHIFT

18c

PUMP BODY (202)

A SOL

LO-1ST A

32e
18b

EX

D-4

4TH CL

LO

4TH

INPUT CL AUX INPUT CL FD

3RD CL D-4 D-4

D-3

PRN

PRN REV

REV EX

4TH

4TH

32c

3-4 SHIFT

LINE

LINE

ON

46b

4-3 DOWN

EX

N.O.

46a

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX
LO BLOW OFF VALVE (407)

LO

REV

PRESS REG

B SOL

32d

33a

EX

LO

EX

INPUT CL

MANUAL VALVE

D-4

4TH

MOD LINE

LINE

13

#4

4b

B SOL B SOL

EX

12D DN R

EX

18a

DECREASE

DECREASE

THERMO ELEMENT

EX

20c

D-4

D-4

LINE INPUT CL FEED INPUT CL FEED

20b

LO

#7

#5

#6

PRN

32b

18h

30e

16a

46d

46c

48b

19c

48c

GASKET (369)

46f

32a

6a

#3

REVERSE

19d

2d

5b

2e

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

LINE REV SERVO

EX

RELEASE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

LINE

LUBE

LUBE

COOLER

2ND CL

EX

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

LUBE

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)


INPUT CL

COOLER

COOLER CHECK VALVE (28)

DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL FIRST


(From Drive Range - Manual Second)

When the gear selector lever is moved to the Manual First (1) gear range, the manual valve (404) moves and allows line pressure to enter the Lo fluid circuit. Solenoid A is turned ON however a 2-1 shift does not occur until vehicle speed is below 56 kmh (35 mph). Manual Valve (404): Allows line pressure to enter the lo fluid circuit and routes it to the #7 checkball (372). #7 Checkball (372): Located in the valve body (300), it seats against the lo-1st fluid passage directing lo fluid to the 1-2 shift valve (318). Solenoid A (315): Operating in the ON mode, prevents line pressure from exhausting and directs it into the solenoid A passage. Solenoid A fluid shifts the 1-2 shift valve (318) and also feeds to the 3-4 shift valve (362). 1-2 Shift Valve (318): Shifted by solenoid A fluid pressure, it allows lo fluid to enter the lo-1st fluid passage. Lo-1st fluid is then routed to the pressure regulator valve train to boost line pressures. Lo-1st fluid is also sent to the lo blow off valve (407) and the #4 checkball (372). Lo Blow Off Valve (407): Held closed by spring force, it exhausts excess lo fluid pressures above 448 kPa (65 psi) in the 3rd clutch apply circuit. #4 Checkball (372): Located in the channel plate (400), it seats against 3rd clutch fluid allowing lo-1st fluid to enter the 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid passage to apply the 3rd clutch. #2 Checkball (372): Located in the channel plate (400), allows the 2nd clutch to release by seating it against the 2nd fluid passage. 2nd clutch fluid from the 1-2 accumulator assembly and the 2nd clutch is then forced through an orifice into the 2nd fluid passage. 1-2 Accumulator Piston (136): Moves to the downshifted position by spring force and regulated 1-2 accumulator pressure. It forces 2nd clutch fluid into the 2nd fluid passage and routes it to the 1-2 shift valve (318). 1-2 Shift Valve (318): Allows 2nd fluid to pass through the valve into the 3rd fluid passage. 3rd fluid is then routed to the 23 shift valve (357) where it exhausts.
SUMMARY:

Solenoid state is: solenoid A is ON and solenoid B is ON. The 2nd clutch releases as the 3rd clutch applies to hold the 3rd roller clutch and input sun gear during engine compression braking. The input clutch is applied and the input sprag clutch is driving the input sun gear when accelerating. The 2/1 band is applied and holds the reaction sun gear drum assembly. The forward band is applied and holding the 1/2 support outer race but the 1/2 support roller clutch is not effective.

SHIFT SOL "A" @ON

SHIFT SOL "B" @ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

FORWARD BAND APPLIED

APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED HOLDING

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

98A

DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL FIRST


(From Drive Range - Manual Second)

PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 32 33 34 38 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 SUCTION LINE PRN SOLENOID "B" SOLENOID "A" INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH PWM FEED PWM MODULATOR CONVERTER FEED REGULATED LINE RELEASE APPLY COOLER LUBE DECREASE D-4 DRIVE SERVO APPLY SERVO APPLY AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED PRIMARY TRIM 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND CLUTCH SOLENOID "B" OFF 3RD 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO-1ST TCC SIGNAL 4TH 4TH CLUTCH D-3 D-2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO FEED LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST VOID VENT THERMO ELEMENT AIR BLEED

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (374A) (374B) (382) (411) (412)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 CHECKBALL #6 FILTER, SOLENOID A FILTER, SOLENOID B SCREEN ASSEMBLY, CONVERTER CLUTCH ASM. PLUG, BORE PLUG, CUP (ORIFICED)

98B

DRIVE RANGE MANUAL FIRST


49

(From Drive Range Manual Second)


#5 47
48

#6 49 19 47 20 2
18

18
2

3 45 46

46
50 10 50 49 46

49

49 17

18 50 20

49

2 17 29 11 46 30

45

45 2 38 17 2 2 30

(219)

2 17 30 38 2 50 2 2 45 50

49

18

26

18

5 49 2

#7

2 50 43 4 44 #8

7 29 43 42 21 7 6 30
38

50
17

2 45 2 50 30
50

38

38

17 50 50

38

49

5 11 34 10

49 2 11 10 34 2

6 18
18 30 49 30 42

49

49

#10 #9 32

29

43

44

49

50

50 50

50 20 49 49 44 22 22 18 22 24 23 28

25 32 10 25 18

49 8

50

13 14 26

29

10 9

50

1 26 2 12 11 2

1 26 49 49 23

9 13

11

10 24 32

20

50 10

24 18 26 28 15 20

OPT. 49 12 10 11

12

50

50

12 1 2

34 14
13

15 15/13

34 50

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)


THERMAL ELEMENT

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Side)


48 47 4 48 48 4 7 43 29 44 44 44 33 25 22 18 25 10 32 26 26 25 32 10 24 24 28 24 ORIFICED TCC FILTER (382) 20 18 26 20 1 14/13 13 15 34 34 34 43 6 42 38 40 38 49 6 18 49 30 32 10 42 30 30 10 16 53/9 10 9 13 14 26 9 12 11 10 49 11 34 34 15 12 18 26 11 26 10 10 34 49 8 8 SLOT IN GASKET 8 26 12 11 49 10 2 8 8 (411) 2 49 8 50 10 49 34 10 18 46 18 18 19 19
19 19

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Channel Plate Side)


#3 3 49 2 19 18
43 42

47 47 4 47 48 19 2 7 29 44 43 44 32 25 22 44 22 22 23 23 24 22 10 24 24 10 18

18 19 18
19

18 2 2 20 11 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 45 46 5 2 46 10

29 46

43

43 6 42 38 38 38 6

49 18

11 34

26 10 10 34 10 2 2 8 49 8 8

18 49

42 30 30 18 30 2 10 10 13 26 28 18 26 20 1 20 14 9 30

48b/47b 48c/47c 19d/18f 3a 2c B 48a 18g 8 2d/11a 45a SOLENOID 11 47a 31 46e 6 19b 2e FILTER 18h/19a 7 12 (374B) 19c/18k 10 26a 46f 10a 18a 4 2f 4b 30a 19 46c 5b 19 5 13 29b 18m 19e/20a A 4a/2g 46b 5a/2b 7a 11b SOLENOID 43b FILTER 46d/45b 43a 29a 6b 46a (374A) 21 44c 42a 40a/38b 38d 49d 11c 26c 44b/43c 38a 18b 10f 2k 6a 40b/38c 10b 9 44a 10e 20 26b/34a 8a/2h 14 42b 18c 34b 30f 1 8b 49a 33a/32d 49c

19 2 2 2 18

3 45 46 26 30 46 18 11 46 46 5

32a/30c

30b
3

14 26 9 10 49 15/13 12 11

22a 44d 12 SLOT IN GASKET


19

22

27

25

25 32 32

18d 22b
16

25c

10h

17

23

9b 13c

15

28

13 15

34 34

34

23a 24b

28c

26g/28b 26f/28a

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

SPACER PLATE (370)

(37) (38)

51 2 3 48

(412) 49 10 2
10 49

42 (411) 49

49 49

10

10

2 50 7

7 (411)

49 49 49 40

50

33 40

40 25 28

49 53 49 1
28 24

50 52 13 13 15
49

13

33 28 1 44 20 28 32
24

15 50 CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF (28) 15

16

32

16

23

50 16 52

(411)

16

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

24 23 23 28 44 16

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

(29) 16

16 1 52 15 (28)

20 44 32

28 24 23

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) Channel Plate Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 96

FOLDOUT 99

44

20

23

11

22d 23b 18

10g 22c 24c 24a

10m
24

32c
26 25

32e
33

26e

18n
32

26h

20b

1 13b/14a

20c

REVERSE SERVO BORE 2

42

3 48
52

40 40

18e 25b

32b/30d

2a/16a

14b
28

14 9 53

10k

26d 9a 12a 49b 11e

8d
30

44 22 22 23 23 22

18

12b 11d

13 50 13
14/13

13a 34e 34c 15a 34d

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Channel Plate)


FORWARD SERVO BORE

#1

CONVERTER CLUTCH BLOW-OFF

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

20 50 50 50 (128) 50

50

(126) 16

(130) 50 44
32

16
20

1 33

1 24

16

23

44

50

23

23 24 28 32 44 20

23

28 24 23 28

24

24

28
32

44 20 16

44

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

16 44 20 44 32 28 24 32 16 44 16

10

25a

30e

10c

45 46 10 5 10 5 46 50 46 18

48

18 11 46 30 29

2 19

47 4

(411)

29

26

7 43 29 46 50 7 50

50

49 6

42 40 38 44

44

18 10 14 30 30 16 42

46 33 #4

49 18 18 25 40 22
25

8c

44

32 10 26

18 16 28

18 20 26 1 15

32

24 28

22 23 24

44

(411) #2

CHANNEL PLATE (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES - NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST
32

- EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN


(124) (125)

20

44 (126) 16

(125)

44 20 (124)

44 20

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

LUBRICATION POINTS
COOLER AND LUBRICATION CIRCUITS
COOLER CIRCUIT:

OIL PUMP BODY (202) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) CHANNEL PLATE (400) CASE (3)

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE (313)

LINE

LUBE

Line pressure from the pump assembly (200) is directed to the pressure regulator valve (313) located in the control valve body (300). Line pressure passes through the pressure regulator valve (313) and enters the converter feed passage. Converter feed fluid is routed to the converter clutch valve (335) where it passes through the valve into the release circuit. Release fluid passes through the control valve body (300), channel plate (400) and case (3) numerous times before passing between the oil pump drive shaft (227) and the turbine shaft (518). Release fluid flows along the pump shaft to the release side of the torque converter clutch plate, passes around the clutch plate and enters the apply side of the plate. Apply fluid from the torque converter (1) is then routed back to the converter clutch valve (335) where it passes through the valve and enters the cooler circuit. The cooler passage is routed through the channel plate (400) and case (3) to the cooler check valve (28).

Cooler fluid passes through the cooler check valve (28) and is sent to the transaxle cooler located inside the radiator.

LUBRICATION CIRCUITS:

Fluid leaving the transaxle cooler enters the lube circuit at the case (3) and is routed to the accumulator cover (132). Lube passes between the accumulator cover (132), accumulator housing (140) before exiting the accumulator cover (132) through the lube oil pipe (126). The lube oil pipe (126), connected to the final drive internal gear (693) provides lubrication to the final drive assembly (700) and other components along the output shaft (510). Filtered line pressure from the pump (200) passes through an orifice in the valve body spacer plate (370) and enters the (front) lube circuit in the channel plate (400). Lube then passes through the channel plate (400) and enters the driven sprocket support (609) where it flows throughout the transaxle.

LINE

LUBE FROM COOLER

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140) ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR (693) LUBE PIPE (126)

100

Figure 97

BUSHING, BEARING & WASHER LOCATIONS


517
368

514

521

674

685

695

630

676

691

715

503 431 505 508 606 611 629

723 644

671

698

714

368 431 503 505 508 514 517 521 606 611 629 630

BEARING AND SLEEVE, OIL PUMP DRIVE BEARING ASSEMBLY, 4TH CLUTCH SHAFT/ CHANNEL PLATE BEARING ASSEMBLY, 4TH CLUTCH WASHER, THRUST (4TH CL. HUB / DRIVEN SPROCKET) WASHER, THRUST (DRIVEN AND 2ND CL. DRUM) WASHER, THRUST (DRIVE SPROCKET/CHANNEL PLATE) WASHER, THRUST (DRIVE SPROCKET/SUPPORT) BEARING ASSEMBLY, DRIVE SUPPORT/SPROCKET (DRAWN CUP) BEARING ASSEMBLY, DRAWN CUP WASHER, THRUST (DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT/ 2ND CLUTCH DRUM) BEARING, THRUST (SUPPORT SPROCKET/ THRUST WASHER) WASHER, THRUST (BEARING/INPUT CLUTCH HUB) SELECTIVE

644 671 674 676 685 691 695 698 714 715 723

BEARING ASSEMBLY, THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY, THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY, THRUST (INPUT/ REACTION CARRIER) BEARING ASSEMBLY, THRUST (REACTION CARRIER/ SUN GEAR) BEARING ASSEMBLY, THRUST ASSEMBLY/LO RACE WASHER, THRUST (1/2 SUPPORT/INTERNAL GEAR) BEARING ASSEMBLY, THRUST (INTERNAL GEAR/ PARKING GEAR) BEARING ASSEMBLY, THRUST CARRIER/SUN GEAR WASHER, DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER/CASE (THRUST) BEARING ASSEMBLY, THRUST (DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER/CASE) BEARING, 4TH CLUTCH SHAFT TO INPUT HOUSING

SH1131-4T60-E

Figure 98

101

SEAL LOCATIONS

41

43 620 642

625 422 4 620 427

642 11

604

635

641

605

409

634

105 14 137 137 113 107 18

4 8 11 14 18 41 43 105 107 113 137 409

SEAL ASSEMBLY, AXLE OIL SEAL, EXTENSION TO CASE SEAL, O-RING SPEED SENSOR SEAL, O-RING (FORWARD SERVO COVER) RING, OIL SEAL (FORWARD SERVO PISTON) SEAL, O-RING (REVERSE SERVO COVER) RING, OIL SEAL (REVERSE SERVO PISTON) SEAL, SQUARE CUT (2/1 SERVO) SEAL, LIP (MANUAL 2/1 SERVO PISTON) SEAL, O-RING (MANUAL 2/1 SERVO COVER) RING, OIL SEAL ACCUMULATOR PISTON SEAL ASSEMBLY, AXLE OIL (LEFT SIDE)

422 427 525 604 605 620 634 635 641 642

SEAL, O-RING RING, OIL SEAL (3-4 ACCUM. PISTON) HELIX SEAL ASSEMBLY, CONVERTER OIL SEAL, 4TH CLUTCH PISTON (OUTER) SEAL, 4TH CLUTCH PISTON (INNER) PISTON, 2ND CLUTCH W/MOLDED SEAL SEAL, INPUT CLUTCH PISTON (INNER) SEAL, INPUT CLUTCH PISTON (OUTER) SEAL, 3RD CLUTCH PISTON (INNER) PISTON, SEAL AND BALL CAPSULE ASM., 3RD CLUTCH

RH1132-4T60-E

102

Figure 99

ILLUSTRATED PARTS LIST

103

CASE AND ASSOCIATED PARTS


373 374 206 226 SOME MODELS 58 207 224 225 207 205 203 55 390 391 52 59 53 50 51 57 56 46 SOME MODELS 30 37 31 30 35 49 36 17 45 8 32 33 34 372 227 228 5 372 29 450 ATW MODEL ONLY 27 400 3 101 100 26 19 17 18 12 22 4 7 6 10 11 48 38 47 54 39 40 41 42 43 44 9 2 SOME MODELS 9 1 SOME MODELS SOME MODELS 200 380 376 300 382 372 374 371 379 377 378 372

372

204 375 369 370

SOME MODELS

21

20

28

16

15

14

25 24

13

23

SH1122-4T60-E

104

Figure 100

CASE AND ASSOCIATED PARTS


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 CONVERTER ASSEMBLY, COMPLETE BUSHING, CONVERTER PUMP CASE, TRANSMISSION SEAL ASSEMBLY, AXLE OIL BOLT, CASE EXTENSION TO CASE M10 X 1.5 X 35.0 (4) EXTENSION, CASE BUSHING, DIFFERENTIAL TO CASE SEAL, EXTENSION TO CASE BOLT, SPEED SENSOR RETAINER TO CASE M8 X 1.25 X 12.0 (1) SPEED SENSOR ASSEMBLY, COMPLETE SEAL, O-RING SPEED SENSOR BOLT, FWD. SERVO COVER TO CASE M6 X 1.0 X 20.0 (3) COVER, FORWARD SERVO SEAL, O-RING (SERVO COVER) RING, INTERNAL RETAINING PISTON, SERVO FORWARD RETAINER, SERVO SPRING (1ST AND 2ND) RING, OIL SEAL PISTON SPRING, FORWARD SERVO CUSHION RETAINER, SERVO CUSHION SPRING PIN, FORWARD BAND APPLY SPRING, SERVO RETURN BOLT, SPECIAL, TRANS. OIL PAN TO CASE M8 X 1.25 X 18.0 (20) PAN, TRANSMISSION OIL GASKET, TRANSMISSION OIL PAN MAGNET, CHIP COLLECTOR WEIR, OIL RESERVOIR BALL, CHECK ASSEMBLY, COOLER LINE - 3/8 - 18 (1) CONNECTOR, COOLER-LINE (INVERTED FLARE TUBE) 1/4- 18 NPTF (1) BOLT, MODULATOR TO CASE - M8 X 1.25 X 20.0 (1) RETAINER, MODULATOR MODULATOR ASSEMBLY, TRANSMISSION SEAL, O-RING VALVE, MODULATOR CONNECTOR, ELECTRICAL (7 WAY) SEAL, O-RING VENT ASSEMBLY, TRANSMISSION PLUG, PIPE - PRESSURE SWITCH 1/8 - 27 DRYSEAL NPTF (2) RING, SERVO COVER RETAINING COVER, SERVO SEAL, O-RING (SERVO COVER) RING, INTERNAL RETAINING RING, OIL SEAL PISTON PISTON, SERVO REVERSE SPRING, REVERSE SERVO CUSHION RETAINER, SERVO CUSHION SPRING SPRING, REVERSE SERVO CURVED PIN, REVERSE APPLY (SELECTIVE) SPRING, SERVO RETURN
SH1123-4T60-E

50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 100 101 200 203 204 205 206 207 224 225 226 227 228 300 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 382 390 391 400 450

NUT, CASE SIDE COVER TO CHANNEL PLATE M6 X 1.0 (6) WASHER, CONICAL SCREW, AND CONICAL WASHER ASSEMBLY SIDE COVER TO CASE - M8 X 1.25 X 21.3 (17) PAN, CASE SIDE COVER GASKET, CASE SIDE COVER GASKET, INNER CASE SIDE COVER BOLT, STRUCTURAL SIDE COVER TO CASE (HEX) BOLT, STRUCTURAL SIDE COVER TO CASE (TORX) STUD, STRUCTURAL SIDE COVER TO CASE SEAL, STRUCTURAL SIDE COVER TO CASE FILTER ASSEMBLY, TRANSMISSION OIL SEAL ASSEMBLY, FILTER NECK TO CASE BODY ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP COMPLETE BOLT, PUMP BODY TO VALVE BODY M8 X 1.25 X 30.0 (1) BOLT, PUMP COVER TO VALVE BODY M6 X 1.0 X 45.0 (1) BOLT, PUMP COVER TO PUMP BODY M8 X 1.25 X 20.0 (2) BOLT, PUMP BODY TO CASE - M8 X 1.25 X 95.0 (2) BOLT, PUMP COVER TO CHANNEL PLATE M6 X 1.0 X 85.0 (10) HARNESS ASSEMBLY, WIRING CLIP, CONDUIT CLIP, CONDUIT SHAFT ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP DRIVE RING, OIL SEAL PUMP SHAFT BODY ASSEMBLY, CONTROL VALVE GASKET, CHANNEL PLATE/SPACER PLATE PLATE ASSEMBLY, VALVE BODY SPACER GASKET, VALVE BODY TO SPACER PLATE BALL, 0.25 DIA. BALL FILTER BOLT, VALVE BODY TO CASE - M8 X 1.25 X 70.0 (3) BOLT, VALVE BODY TO CHANNEL PLATE M6 X 1.0 X 35.0 (1) BOLT, VALVE BODY TO CHANNEL PLATE (TORX) M6 X 1.0 X 45.0 (2) BOLT, VALVE BODY TO CHANNEL PLATE M6 X 1.0 X 55.0 (6) BOLT, SPECIAL, VALVE BODY TO CASE M8 X 1.25 X 85.0 (1) BOLT, VALVE BODY TO DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT M8 X 1.25 X 90.0 (1) SCREEN ASM., CONVERTER CLUTCH ASM. CLIP, TEMPERATURE SENSOR SENSOR, TEMPERATURE CHANNEL PLATE ASSEMBLY, COMPLETE SENSOR, TEMPERATURE - 1/8 - 27 DRYSEAL SAE (1)

Figure 101

105

CASE AND ASSOCIATED PARTS


Drive Link Assembly, 4th Clutch, Accumulator Assemblies and Case Seals

400 500 431

501

502

501

502 503

504

3 524 434 436 520 522 521 525 808 810

526 519 507 516 517 518 526 102 510 123 115 512 508 505 506 140 138B 138A 137 136 135 133 134 136 137 139C 139B 135 131 132 126 103 133 127 128 127 104 129 139A 137 136 135 125
139D BLW & YMW MODELS

523

809

515 514 513

122 121

114 113 117 120 117 112 111 110 109

509

124 130

108 107 106 105

1-2 ACCUMULATOR AJW AND ATW MODELS

SH1127-4T60-E

106

Figure 102

CASE AND ASSOCIATED PARTS


Drive Link Assembly, 4th Clutch, Accumulator Assemblies and Case Seals
3 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 CASE, TRANSMISSION PIN, BAND ANCHOR (2-1 MANUAL) BOLT, 2-1 SERVO COVER TO CASE M8 X 1.25 X 25.0 (3) COVER, 2-1 MANUAL SERVO BODY SEAL, SQUARE CUT (2-1 SERVO) CLIP, RETAINING (BOTTOM) SEAL, LIP PISTON, 2-1 MANUAL SERVO SPRING, 2-1 MANUAL SERVO CUSHION RETAINER, INT. SERVO SPRING MANUAL CUSHION PIN, 2-1 MANUAL APPLY SPRING, 2-1 MANUAL SERVO RETURN SEAL, O-RING BODY, 2-1 MANUAL SERVO FILTER, 2-1 SERVO CLIP, RETAINING (TOP) PIN, BAND ANCHOR FORWARD AND REVERSE PIN WASHER ASM., THERMO ELEMENT THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT PLATE, THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT PIN, THERMAL ELEMENT PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL CLAMP, HOSE HOSE, LUBE OIL RETAINER, LUBE PIPE CLIP PIPE AND WASHER ASSEMBLY BOLT, ACCUMULATOR COVER TO CASE AND ACCUMULATOR HSG. - M6 X 1.0 X 28.0 (1) COVER, ACCUMULATOR GASKET, ACCUMULATOR COVER PLATE, ACCUMULATOR SPACER PIN, 2-3 ACCUMULATOR PISTON, 1-2 AND 2-3 ACCUMULATOR RING, OIL SEAL ACCUMULATOR PISTON 525 526 808 809 810 522 523 524 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 506 507 508 509 510 512 513 514 500 501 502 503 504 505 436 434 140 400 431 HOUSING, ACCUMULATOR (MACHINED) CHANNEL PLATE ASM., COMPLETE BEARING ASM., 4TH CHANNEL HUB/ CHANNEL PLATE BOLT, CHANNEL PLATE TO CASE M8 X 1.25 X 45.0 (6) BOLT, CHANNEL PLATE TO CASE M8 X 1.25 X 30.0 (4) PLATE, 4TH CLUTCH REACTION PLATE ASM., 4TH CLUTCH PLATE, 4TH CLUTCH APPLY BEARING ASM., 4TH CLUTCH SHAFT ASM., 4TH CLUTCH WASHER, THRUST (4TH CL. HUB TO DRIVEN SPROCKET) SPROCKET, DRIVEN LINK ASSEMBLY, DRIVE WASHER, THRUST (DRIVEN AND 2ND CL. DRUM) RING, OUTPUT SHAFT/DRIVE AXLE (SNAP) SHAFT, OUTPUT RING, OUTPUT SHAFT/DIFFER. INBOARD (SNAP) RING, OIL SEAL (TURBINE SHAFT/SLEEVE) (2) WASHER, THRUST (DRIVE SPROCKET/ CHANNEL PLATE) RING, TURBINE SHAFT TO DRIVE SPROCKET (SNAP) SPROCKET, DRIVE WASHER, THRUST (DRIVE SPROCKET/SUPPORT) SHAFT, TURBINE RING, OIL SEAL (TURBINE SHAFT/SUPPORT) SEAL, O-RING (TURBINE SHAFT/HUB) BEARING ASM., DRIVE SUPPORT/SPROCKET (DRAWN CUP) SUPPORT, DRIVE SPROCKET BUSHING, DRIVE SPROCKET SUPPORT BOLT, CASE TO DRIVE SPROCKET SUPPORT M8 X 1.25 X 23.5 (4) HELIX SEAL ASM., CONVERTER OIL PIN, DOWEL PIN, GUIDE RETAINING GUIDE, ACTUATOR SEAL, O-RING

138A SPRING, 2-3 ACCUMULATOR (INNER) 138B SPRING, 2-3 ACCUMULATOR (OUTER) 139A SPRING, 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 139B SPRING, 1-2 ACCUMULATOR (INNER) 139C SPRING, 1-2 ACCUMULATOR (OUTER) 139D SPRING AND RETAINER ASM., 1-2 ACCUMULATOR

SH1128-4T60-E

Figure 103

107

OIL PUMP ASSEMBLY

205

201

208 210 209

211

209

222 223

212 213 214

220

215 221

202

219

201 202 205 208 209 210 211 212

COVER, PUMP BODY, OIL PUMP BOLT, PUMP COVER TO PUMP BODY M8 X 1.25 X 20.0 (1) BUSHING, AUXILIARY VALVE BODY (PUMP SHAFT) RING, PUMP VANE ROTOR, OIL PUMP SELECTIVE VANE, PUMP SELECTIVE RING, OIL SEAL (SLIDE TO COVER - SELECTIVE)

213 214 215 219 220 221 222 223

SEAL, O-RING SLIDE OIL PUMP SELECTIVE PIN, PIVOT (PUMP SLIDE) SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE SEAL, PUMP SLIDE SUPPORT, OIL PUMP SLIDE SEAL SPRING, PUMP PRIMING (OUTER) SPRING, PUMP PRIMING (INNER)

SH1101-4T60-E

108

Figure 104

CONTROL VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY


368 301 SOME MODELS ONLY 385 345 344 385 366 367 357 367 363 365 364 316 315 SOL B 314 336 315 TCC SOL 335 316 334 314 383 332 331 325 PWM SOL 326 327 333 301 362 361 360 358 359 352 356 355 354 353 346 338 347 351 350 343 385 349 348 338 340 385 342 341 339 342 340 341 339

319

322 323 321

301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 331 332 333 334 335 336 338 339 340 341 342 343 344

384 320 317 BODY, CONTROL VALVE (MACHINED) 324 318 RETAINER, LINE BOOST VALVE AND BUSHING 316 BUSHING, LINE BOOST VALVE 315 VALVE, LINE BOOST SOL A 308 SPRING, PRESSURE REGULATOR MODULATOR BOOST 313 314 312 RETAINER, PRESSURE REGULATOR 311 302 SPRING, REVERSE BOOST 310 PIN, GROOVED 304 309 BUSHING, REVERSE BOOST VALVE 307 306 VALVE, REVERSE BOOST 305 SPRING, PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE (OUTER) SPRING, PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE ISOLATOR 303 VALVE, PRESSURE REGULATOR 345 BUSHING, 2-3 ACCUMULATOR VALVE RETAINER, SPRING CLIP 346 PLUG, 1-2 ACCUMULATOR (SECONDARY) SOLENOID ASSEMBLY 347 VALVE, 1-2 ACCUMULATOR (SECONDARY) SEAL, O-RING 348 SPRING, 1-2 ACCUMULATOR VALVE (SECONDARY) SPRING, 1-2 SHIFT VALVE 349 BUSHING, 1-2 ACCUMULATOR (SECONDARY) VALVE, 1-2 SHIFT 350 VALVE, 3-4 ACCUMULATOR PIN, COILED SPRING 351 SPRING, 3-4 ACCUMULATOR VALVE BUSHING, PUMP PRESSURE RELIEF 352 BUSHING, 3-4 ACCUMULATOR VALVE BALL, 0.375 DIA. 353 RETAINER, 2-3 SHIFT SEAT, SPRING 354 PLUG, BORE (2-3 SHIFT) SPRING, PUMP PRESSURE RELIEF 355 SPRING, 3-2 DOWNSHIFT VALVE RETAINER, SOLENOID (3-4 SHIFT) 356 VALVE, 3-2 MANUAL DOWNSHIFT SOLENOID ASSEMBLY, PWM 357 VALVE, 2-3 SHIFT O-RING, PWM SOLENOID 358 RETAINER, SPRING CLIP O-RING, PWM SOLENOID 359 PLUG, BORE (3-4 SHIFT) SPRING, ISOLATOR 360 VALVE, 4-3 MANUAL DOWNSHIFT VALVE, CONVERTER CLUTCH REGULATOR 361 SPRING, 4-3 MANUAL DOWNSHIFT SPRING, CONVERTER CLUTCH REGULATOR 362 VALVE, 3-4 SHIFT VALVE, ISOLATOR 363 PIN, COILED SPRING VALVE, CONVERTER CLUTCH 364 PLUG, BORE (REVERSE BOOST) SPRING, CONVERTER CLUTCH 365 SPRING, SERVO BOOST VALVE (REVERSE) RETAINER, 1-2 ACCUMULATOR PLUG 366 SPRING, SERVO BOOST VALVE (FORWARD) (PRIMARY AND SECONDARY) 367 VALVE, SERVO BOOST (FORWARD AND REVERSE) PLUG, 1-2 ACCUMULATOR (PRIMARY) 368 BEARING AND SLEEVE, OIL PUMP DRIVE SPRING, 1-2 ACCUMULATOR VALVE (PRIMARY) 383 RETAINER, CONVERTER CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE, 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 384 BUSHING, CONVERTER CLUTCH REGULATOR BUSHING, 1-2 ACCUMULATOR VALVE (PRIMARY) 385 RETAINER, ACCUMULATOR BUSHING ASSEMBLY VALVE, 2-3 ACCUMULATOR (2-3 AND 1-2 SECONDARY AND PRIMARY) SPRING, 2-3 ACCUMULATOR VALVE

Figure 105

109

CHANNEL PLATE ASSEMBLY


402 405 403 406 404 401 407 409

411 526 SOME MODELS 432 412 410

431 430

411

424 423 422 421

411

428 426 425 SOME MODELS 427 514 418 417

420 419 526

429

NOTE: 3-4 ACCUMULATOR SPRING (OUTER, MIDDLE AND/OR INNER) CONFIGUATION IS MODEL DEPENDANT.

401 402 403 404 405 406 407 409 410 411 412 417 418 419 420 421

CHANNEL PLATE LINK, MANUAL VALVE RETAINER, LINK (MANUAL VALVE) VALVE, MANUAL PLUG, LO BLOW OFF SPRING, LO BLOW OFF VALVE, LO BLOW OFF SEAL ASSEMBLY, AXLE OIL (LEFT SIDE) SLEEVE, CONTROL BODY ALIGNMENT PLUG, BORE PLUG, CUP (ORIFICED) PLUG, CUP (BLOW OFF) SPRING, TCC BLOW OFF SEAT, SPRING BALL, 0.375 DIA. CANISTER, 3-4 ACCUMULATOR

422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 514 526

SEAL, O-RING SPRING, 3-4 ACCUMULATOR (OUTER) SPRING, 3-4 ACCUMULATOR (MIDDLE) SPRING, 3-4 ACCUMULATOR (INNER) PIN, 3-4 ACCUMULATOR RING, OIL SEAL (3-4 ACCUM. PISTON) PISTON, 3-4 ACCUMULATOR GASKET, CHANNEL PLATE (LOWER) GASKET, CHANNEL PLATE (UPPER) BEARING ASM., 4TH CHANNEL HUB TO CHANNEL PLATE STUD, CHANNEL PLATE TO SIDE COVER M6 X 1.0 X 18.0 (6) WASHER, THRUST (DRIVE SPROCKET/ CHANNEL PLATE) PIN, DOWEL

SH1019-4T60-E

110

Figure 106

MANUAL SHAFT & PARK SYSTEM COMPONENTS

806

807

810 808

804 802 809

805 803

801

800

800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810

ACTUATOR ASSEMBLY, PARKING LOCK PIN, MANUAL SHIFT TO CASE LEVER, INSIDE DETENT NUT, MANUAL SHAFT/DETENT LEVER (HEX) M10 X 1.5 (1) SPRING AND ROLLER ASSEMBLY, MANUAL DETENT BOLT, MANUAL DETENT SPRING TO CHANNEL PLATE M6 X 1.0 X 16.0 (1) SEAL, MANUAL SHAFT SHAFT, MANUAL PIN, GUIDE RETAINING GUIDE, ACTUATOR SEAL, O-RING

PH1036-4T60-E

Figure 107

111

INTERNAL COMPONENTS
608 614 612 605 606 607 609 611

604 603 601 602

613 610 628 627 626 625 716 629 630

622 621 617 616 615 618 619 620

623

648 624 640 644 645 646

649

636 632 633 631 723 634 635

637

638

639

640

641

642

643

647 669 667 668

658 656 654 655

659

717

718

719

720

721

653

722

665

719

661

688 685 686 687

681 680 679 657 674 675 678 676 677

682

683

684

673 672 671

702 698 699 700 701

713 714 715

697 694 693 690 689 691 692 690 695 696

703 704

712

710 711 708 706 705

705 704 703

706

708

709

SH1125-4T60-E

112

Figure 108

INTERNAL COMPONENTS
601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 RING, SNAP (4TH CLUTCH RETURN SPRING) SPRING ASSEMBLY, 4TH CLUTCH PISTON RETURN PISTON, 4TH CLUTCH SEAL, 4TH CLUTCH PISTON (OUTER) SEAL, 4TH CLUTCH PISTON (INNER) BEARING ASSEMBLY, DRAWN CUP PLUG, CUP ORIFICED SCOOP, CHAIN SCAVENGING SUPPORT DRIVEN SPROCKET PLUG, CUP WASHER, THRUST (DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT/ 2ND CLUTCH DRUM) SEAL, RING FOUR LOBED RING, OIL SEAL BUSHING, DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT BAND ASSEMBLY, REVERSE BUSHING, 75.5 O.D. X 8.0 HOUSING, 2ND CLUTCH RETAINER AND BALL ASSEMBLY, CHECK VALVE (FORWARD CLUTCH) BUSHING, 70.0 O.D. X 11.0 PISTON, 2ND CLUTCH W/MOLDED SEAL APPLY RING AND RELEASE SPRING ASSEMBLY, 2ND CLUTCH RING, SNAP PLATE, 2ND CLUTCH (WAVED) PLATE ASSEMBLY, 2ND CLUTCH (FIBER) PLATE, 2ND CLUTCH REACTION (STEEL) PLATE, BACKING SUPPORT RING (STEEL) RING, SNAP 2ND CLUTCH (OUTER) RING, OIL SEAL (INPUT SHAFT) BEARING, THRUST (SUPPORT SPROCKET/ THRUST WASHER) WASHER, THRUST (BEARING/ INPUT CLUTCH HUB) SELECTIVE BUSHING, INPUT SHAFT HOUSING SLEEVE AND SHAFT ASM., INPUT RETAINER AND BALL ASM., CHECK VALVE SEAL, INPUT CLUTCH PISTON (INNER) SEAL, INPUT CLUTCH PISTON (OUTER) PISTON, INPUT CLUTCH SPRING AND RETAINER ASM., INPUT SEAL, O-RING HOUSING, 3RD CLUTCH PISTON RING, SNAP (3RD CL. PISTON HSG./INPUT SHAFT) SEAL, 3RD CLUTCH PISTON (INNER) PISTON, SEAL AND BALL CAPSULE ASM., 3RD CL. SPRING RETAINER AND GUIDE ASSEMBLY, 3RD CL. BEARING ASSEMBLY, THRUST PLATE, 3RD CLUTCH (WAVED) PLATE ASSEMBLY, 3RD CLUTCH (SPROCKET SUPPORT/SPLINE O.D.) PLATE ASSEMBLY, 3RD CLUTCH (SPROCKET SUPPORT/SPLINE l.D.) PLATE, BACKING RING, SNAP RACE, 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH (OUTER) PLATE, INPUT CLUTCH APPLY PLATE, INPUT CLUTCH, (WAVED) PLATE ASM., INPUT CLUTCH (FIBER) PLATE, INPUT CLUTCH (1.9 FLAT) PLATE, CLUTCH BACKING (STEEL) RING, SNAP 661 665 667 668 669 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 RACE, INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH (INNER) RACE, INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH (OUTER) SPACER, INPUT SUN GEAR GEAR, INPUT SUN DRUM, REVERSE REACTION BEARING ASM., THRUST CARRIER ASM., INPUT COMPLETE DAM, INPUT CARRIER TO REACTION CARRIER BEARING ASM., THRUST (INPUT/REACTION CARRIER) CARRIER ASSEMBLY, REACTION COMPLETE BEARING ASM., THRUST (REACTION CARRIER/ SUN GEAR) BUSHING, REACTION SUN GEAR (LEFT HAND) GEAR, DRUM BUSHING ASM., REACTION SUN BUSHING, REACTION SUN GEAR (RIGHT HAND) BAND ASSEMBLY, 2/1 RACE, 1/2 SUPPORT (INNER) RING, SNAP (1/2 ROLLER ASM.) ROLLER ASSEMBLY, 1/2 SUPPORT SPACER, 1/2 SUPPORT BEARING ASM., THRUST ASM./LO RACE BUSHING, 1/2 SUPPORT RACE, 1/2 SUPPORT (OUTER) BAND ASSEMBLY, FORWARD SHAFT, FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR BUSHING, FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR WASHER, THRUST (1/2 SUPPORT/INTERNAL GEAR) RING, SNAP (FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR SPROCKET) GEAR, FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL PAWL AND PIN ASM., PAWL LOCKOUT BEARING ASM., THRUST (INTERNAL GEAR/ PARKING GEAR) GEAR, PARKING GEAR, FINAL DRIVE SUN BEARING ASM., THRUST CARRIER/SUN GEAR RING, SPIRAL PIN RETAINING CARRIER ASSEMBLY, DIFFERENTIAL/ FINAL DRIVE COMP. SHAFT, DIFFERENTIAL PINION PIN, DIFFERENTIAL PINION SHAFT RETAINING WASHER, THRUST (DIFFERENTIAL PINION) GEAR, DIFFERENTIAL PINION GEAR, DIFFERENTIAL SIDE WASHER, THRUST (DIFFERENTIAL SIDE GEAR) BRONZE WASHER, PINION THRUST (STEEL) BEARING, ROLLER NEEDLE SPACER, PINION NEEDLE BEARING PINION, FINAL DRIVE PLANET PIN, PLANET PINION ROTOR, SPEED SENSOR (29 OR 30 T.) WASHER, DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER/CASE (THRUST) BEARING ASM., THRUST (DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER/CASE) PLATE, 2ND CL. APPLY REACTION (TAPERED) RING, SPIRAL LOCK RETAINER, 3RD CLUTCH SPRAG BEARING, END (2) 3RD SPRAG ASSEMBLY BEARING, CENTER SPRAG ASSEMBLY, INPUT BEARING, 4TH CLUTCH SHAFT TO INPUT HOUSING

RH1126-4T60-E

Figure 109

113

BASIC SPECIFICATIONS
Transaxle Drive Transverse Front Wheel Drive Transaxle Type 4T60-E Automatic Four Speed Overdrive With A Mechanical or Viscous Torque Converter Clutch Transfer Design 2-Axis Design, Link Chain Assembly Control Systems Shift Control Shift Pattern Shift Quality Torque Converter Clutch Gear Ratios 1st 2nd 3rd 4th Rev 2.921 1.568 1.000 0.705 2.385 Electronic Binary Solenoid Vacuum (Modulator) Electronic Converter K Factor Range 122 to 240
Not all K Factors are applicable across the entire range of Converter Stall Torque Ratios.

Transaxle Fluid Capacities (Approximate) Bottom Pan Removal: 5.7L (6 QT) Complete Overhaul: 7.6L (8 QT) Dry: 10.4L (11 QT) Transaxle Weight Dry: 83.4 Kg (183.90 LB) Wet: 92.5 Kg (203.96 LB) Chain Ratios* Final Drive Ratios 2.84 3.06 3.33 35/35 37/33 28/27 33/37

Overall Final Drive Ratios Available 2.84 3.06 3.33 2.53 2.73 2.97 2.74 2.95 3.21 3.18 3.43 3.73

*Designates the number of teeth on the drive / driven sprockets, respectively.

Maximum Engine Torque 319 Nm (235 LB-FT) Maximum Gearbox Torque 437 Nm (322 LB-FT) 3.33 Final Drive Ratio 480 Nm (354 LB-FT) 3.06 Final Drive Ratio 500 Nm (369 LB-FT) 2.84 Final Drive Ratio
The maximum torque limits are only to be used as a guide and may not always be applicable under certain conditions.

Transaxle Packaging Information Center Distance 233.36 mm (Reference) Engine Mounting Face to Side Cover 268.1 mm (Reference) Engine Mounting Face to Differential 395.0 mm (Reference) Overall Length 663.1 mm (Reference) Engine Centerline to Bottom Pan 209.5 mm (Reference) Engine Mounting Face to Converter Lug Determined by Customer 7 Position Quadrant (P, R, N, OD, D, 2, 1) Pressure Taps Available Line Pressure
Information may vary with application. All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this brochure are based on the latest product information available at the time of publication approval. The right is reserved to make changes at any time without notice.

Maximum Shift Speed 1-2 6,000 RPM 2-3 5,800 RPM 3-4 4,900 RPM
The maximum shift speed allowed in each engine application must be calculated.

Maximum Gross Vehicle Weight 2,903 Kg (6,400 LB) Transaxle Fluid Type Dexron III Converter Sizes Available 245 mm (Reference) Converter Bolt Circle Diameters 237.0 mm (Reference) Converter Stall Torque Ratio Range 1.60 to 2.70
114

HYDRA-MATIC PRODUCT DESIGNATION SYSTEM


The product designation system used for all Hydramatic transaxles and transmissions consists of a series of numbers and letters that correspond with the special features incorporated in that product line. The first character is a number that designates the number of forward gear ranges available in that unit. For example: 4 = four forward gear ranges. The second character is a letter that designates how the unit is mounted in the vehicle. When the letter T is used, it designates that the unit is transversely mounted and is used primarily for front wheel drive vehicles. The letter L designates that it is longitudinally mounted in the vehicle and it is used primarily for rear wheel drive vehicles. The letter M designates that the unit is a manual transaxle or transmission but not specific to a front or rear wheel drive vehicle application. The third and fourth characters consists of a set of numbers, (i.e. 60), that designate the transaxle or transmission Series number. This number signifies the relative torque capacity of the unit. The fifth character designates the major features incorporated into this unit. For example, the letter E designates that the unit has electronic controls. By using this method of classification, the Hydramatic 4T60-E is a 4-speed, transversely mounted, 60 series unit, with electronic controls.

HYDRA-MATIC 4T60-E HYDRA-MATIC 4 Number of Speeds: 3 4 5 V (CVT) T Type: T - Transverse L - Longitudinal M - Manual 60 Series: Based on Relative Torque Capacity E Major Features: E - Electronic Controls A - All Wheel Drive HD - Heavy Duty

115

GLOSSARY
Accumulator: A component of the transaxle that absorbs hydraulic pressure during the apply of a clutch or band. Accumulators are designed to control the quality of a shift from one gear range to another. Applied: An apply component that is holding another component to which it is splined or assembled with. Also referred to as engaged. Apply Components: Hydraulically operated clutches, servos, bands, and mechanical one-way roller or sprag clutches that drive or hold members of a planetary gear set. Apply Plate: A steel clutch plate in a clutch pack located next to the (apply) piston. Backing Plate: A steel plate in a clutch pack that is usually the last plate in that clutch assembly (farthest from the clutch piston). Band: An apply component that consists of a flexible strip of steel and friction material that wraps around a drum. When applied, it tightens around the drum and prevents the drum from rotating. Brake Switch: An electrical device that provides signals to the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) based on the position of the brake pedal. The PCM uses this information to apply or release the torque converter clutch (TCC). Centrifugal Force: A force that is imparted on an object (due to rotation) that increases as that object moves further away from a center/point of rotation. Check Ball: A spherical hydraulically controlled component (usually made of steel) that either seals off or opens fluid circuits. It is also referred to as a check valve. Clutch Pack: An assembly of components generally consisting of clutch plates, an apply plate and a backing plate. Clutch Plate: A hydraulically activated component that has two basic designs: (1) all steel, or (2) a steel core with friction material bonded to one or two sides of the plate. Component: Any physical part of the transaxle/ transmission. Control Valve Body: A machined metal casting that contains a number of valve trains that shift the transaxle. Converter: (See Torque Converter) Coupling Speed: The speed at which a vehicle is traveling and no longer requires torque multiplication through the torque converter. At this point the stator free wheels to allow fluid leaving the turbine to flow directly to the pump. (See torque converter) Deceleration: With foot off the throttle and light or no brake apply, vehicle will reduce speed and slow down. De-energize(d): To interrupt the electrical current that flows to an electronically controlled device making it electrically inoperable. Diaphragm: A flexible rubberized fabric (i.e. a component of the vacuum modulator used on the Hydra-matic 4T60-E transaxle). Direct Drive: A condition in a gear set where the input speed and torque equals the output speed and torque. The gear ratio through the gear set is 1:1. Downshift: A change in a gear ratio where input speed and torque increases. Duty Cycle: In reference to an electronically controlled solenoid, it is the amount of time (expressed as a percentage) that current flows through the solenoid coil. Energize(d): To supply a current to an electronically controlled device enabling it to perform its designed function. Engine Compression Braking: A condition where compression from the engine is used with the transaxle/transmission to decrease vehicle speed. Braking (slowing of the vehicle) occurs when a lower gear ratio is manually selected by moving the gear selector lever. Exhaust: The release of fluid pressure from a hydraulic circuit. (The words exhausts and exhausting are also used and have the same intended meaning.) Fail-Safe Mode: A condition whereby a component (i.e. engine or transaxle) will partially function even if its electrical system is disabled. Fluid: Generally considered a liquid or gas. In this publication fluid refers primarily to transaxle/ transmission fluid. Fluid Pressure: A pressure (in this textbook usually transaxle/transmission fluid) that is consistent throughout its circuit. Force: A measurable effort that is exerted on an object (component). Freewheeling: A condition where power is lost through a driving or holding device (i.e. roller or sprag clutches). Friction Material: A heat and wear resistant fibrous material bonded to clutch plates and bands.
117

GLOSSARY
Gear: A round, toothed device that is used for transmitting torque through other components. Gear Range: A specific speed to torque ratio at which the transmission is operating (i.e. 1st gear, 2nd gear etc.) Gear Ratio: Revolutions of an input gear as compared to the revolutions of an output gear. It can also be expressed as the number of teeth on a gear as compared to the number of teeth on a gear that it is in mesh with. Hydraulic Circuit: A fluid passage which often includes the mechanical components in that circuit designed to perform a specific function. Input: A starting point for torque, revolutions or energy into another component of the transmission. Internal Gear: The outermost member of a gear set that has gear teeth in constant mesh with planetary pinion gears of the gear set. Internal Leak: Loss of fluid pressure in a hydraulic circuit. Land (Valve Land): The larger diameters of a spool valve that contact the valve bore or bushing. Line Pressure: The main fluid pressure in a hydraulic system created by the pump and pressure regulator valve. (Mainline) Lube: A hydraulic circuit to distribute fluid throughout the transaxle which lubricates internal components. Manual Valve: A spool valve that distributes fluid to various hydraulic circuits and is mechanically linked to the gear selector lever. Orifice: A restricting device (usually a hole in the spacer plate) for controlling pressure build up into another circuit. Overdrive: An operating condition in the gear set allowing output speed to be higher than input speed and output torque to be lower than input torque. Overrunning: The function of a one-way mechanical clutch that allows the clutch to freewheel during certain operating conditions of the transmission. Pinion Gear: A small toothed gear that meshes with a larger gear. Planet Pinion Gears: Pinion gears (housed in a carrier) that are in constant mesh with a circumferential internal gear and centralized sun gear. Planetary Gear Set: An assembly of gears that consists of an internal gear, planet pinion gears with carrier, and a sun gear.
118

Powertrain Control Module: An electronic device that manages most of the electrical systems throughout the vehicle. Pressure: A measurable force that is exerted on an area and expressed as kilopascals (kPa) or pounds per square inch (psi). Pulse Width Modulated: An electronic signal that continuously cycles the ON and OFF time of a device (such as a solenoid) while varying the amount of ON time. Race (Inner or Outer): A highly polished steel surface that contacts bearings or sprag elements. Reduction (Gear Reduction): An operating condition in the gear set allowing output speed to be lower than input speed and output torque to be higher than input torque. Release: An apply component that is splined with or assembled with another component which allows it to rotate or spin freely. Residual Fluid Pressure: Excess pressure contained within an area after the supply pressure has been terminated. Roller Clutch: A mechanical clutch (holding device) consisting of roller bearings assembled between inner and outer races. Servo: A spring loaded device consisting of a piston in a bore that is operated (stroked) by hydraulic pressure to apply or release a band. Spool Valve: A round hydraulic control valve often containing a variety of land and valley diameters. Sprag Clutch: A mechanical clutch (holding device) consisting of figure eight like elements assembled between inner and outer races. Thermostatic Element: A bimetallic strip that reacts to hot and cold temperatures to control an orifice. Throttle Position: The travel of the throttle plate that is expressed in percentages. Torque: A measurable twisting force expressed in terms of Newton- meters (N.m), pounds feet (lbs. ft.) or pounds inches (lbs. in.). Torque Converter: A component of an automatic transmission, (attached to the engine flywheel) that transfers torque from the engine to the transmission through a fluid coupling. Vacuum Modulator: A two-compartmented mechanical device containing a diaphragm that responds to a constant supply engine manifold vacuum and/or opposing atmospheric pressure. Variable Capacity Pump: A device that provides a changeable volume of fluid for operating the hydraulic circuits in the transmission.

ABBREVIATIONS
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS WHICH MAY BE USED IN THIS BOOK A SOL - A Solenoid (circuit) ACC or ACCUM - Accumulator ALDL - Assembly Line Diagnostic Link APP - Apply ASM - Assembly AUX - Auxiliary B SOL - B Solenoid (circuit) BD - Band NC - Normally Closed NPTF - National Pipe Thread Fine N.m - Newton Meters NO - Normally Open PCM - Powertrain Control Module PRESS REG - Pressure Regulator PRN - Park, Reverse, Neutral (circuit) PSI - Pounds per Square Inch PWM - Pulse Width Modulated REG - Regulator or Regulated REL - Release (circuit) REV - Reverse REV BST - Reverse Boost RPM - Revolutions per Minute SIG - Signal SOL - Solenoid SRV - Servo SW - Switch TCC - Torque Converter Clutch TCC SIG - Torque Converter Clutch Signal (circuit) TPS - Throttle Position Sensor TRANS - Transaxle or Transmission V - Volts VCC - Viscous Converter Clutch VS - Vacuum Sensor VSS - Vehicle Speed Sensor 1ST - First Gear/Low Gear 2ND CL - Second Clutch 3RD CL - Third Clutch 4TH CL - Fourth Clutch

C - Degrees Celsius
C. C. - Converter Clutch CL - Clutch CONV - Converter CONV FD - Converter Feed (circuit) CTS - Coolant Temperature Switch D-2 - Drive 2 (circuit) D-3 - Drive 3 (circuit) D-4 - Drive 4 (circuit) DR SRV AP - Drive Servo Apply (circuit) ECM - Electronic Control Module EX - Exhaust (circuit)

F - Degrees Fahrenheit
FD - Feed (circuit) FWD BST - Forward Boost Hg - Mercury HSG - Housing Hz - Hertz IN CL FD - Input Clutch Feed (circuit) KMH - Kilometers Per Hour kPa - KiloPascals LBS. FT. - Pounds Foot LBS. IN. - Pounds Inch LO - Lo (circuit)/1st Gear MAP - Manifold Absolute Pressure MAN - Manual MOD - Modulator MM - Millimeter(s) MPH - Miles Per Hour

119

INDEX
A Abbreviations, 119 Accumulators, 40-41 1-2 accumulator, 40 2-3 accumulator, 41 3-4 accumulator, 41 Apply Components, 15-26 forward band, 25 forward servo, 25 input clutch, 22 input sprag clutch, 23 reverse band, 18 reverse servo, 18 reverse clutch, 18 1/2 support roller clutch, 26 2/1 band, 24 2/1 manual servo, 24 2nd clutch, 19 3rd sprag clutch, 21 3rd clutch, 20 4th clutch, 17 B Basic Specifications, 114 Bushing, Bearing and Washer Locations, 101 C Checkball Location & Function, 42-43 Color Legend, 10A-B Complete Hydraulic Circuits, 75-99 drive range manual first, 98-99 drive range manual second, 96-97 drive range manual third, 94-95 neutral, 80-81 overdrive first, 82-83 overdrive fourth, 88-89 overdrive second, 84-85 overdrive 3-2, 92-93 overdrive 4-3, 90-91 overdrive third, 86-87 park, 76-77 reverse, 78-79 Cross Sectional View, 8A D Differential Components, 31 E Electrical Components, 45-48 external to transaxle, 48 location of components, 45 pulse width modulated solenoid, 46 temperature sensors, 47 tcc solenoid, 46 speed sensor assembly, 47 shift solenoids, 46 F Final Drive Components, 30 First Gear, 56-57, 82-83 Forward Band Assembly, 25 Forward Servo, 25 G General Description, 9 Glossary Of Technical Terms, 117 H How To Use This Book, 4-5 Hydra-matic Product Designation System, 115 Hydraulic Control Components, 33-44 accumulators, 40-41 checkball location and function, 42-43 location of components, 33 oil pump assembly, 34 pressure regulation, 35 thermostatic elements, 44 vacuum modulator, 36 valves in channel plate, 37 valves in valve body, 38-39 I Illustrated Parts List, 103-113 Input Clutch, 22 Input Sprag Clutch, 23 Introduction, 3 L Lubrication Points, 100 M Major Mechanical Components, 10 Manual First, 72-73, 98-99 Manual Second, 70-71, 96-97 Manual Third, 68-69, 94-95 N Neutral, 54-55, 80-81 O Oil Pump Assembly, 34
121

INDEX
P Park, 50-51, 76-77 Planetary Gear Sets, 27-29 description, 27 direct drive, 28 overdrive, 28 reduction, 28 reverse direction of rotation, 28 Power Flow, 49-73 drive range manual first, 72-73 drive range manual second, 70-71 drive range manual third, 68-69 neutral, 54-55 overdrive first, 56-57 overdrive fourth, 64-65 overdrive second, 58-59 overdrive third, 60-61 overdrive third, TCC applied, 62B-63 overdrive third, TCC released, 62-62A overdrive 3-2 downshift, 66B-67 overdrive 4-3 downshift, 66-66A park, 50-51 reverse, 52-53 Preface, 1 Pressure Regulation, 35 Principles of Operation, 9A-48 apply components, 15-26 color legend, 10A-B differential components, 31 electrical components, 45-48 final drive components, 30 hydraulic control components, 33-44 major mechanical components, 10 planetary gear sets, 27-29 range reference charts, 11 & 74 torque converter, 12-14 Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) Solenoid, 46 R 3rd Sprag Clutch, 21 Range Reference Charts, 11 & 74 Reverse, 52-53 Reverse Band, 18 Reverse Clutch, 18 Reverse Servo, 18 Roller Clutch, 26 S 4th Servo, 19 Seal Locations, 102 Servos, See Apply Components 15-26 Shift Solenoids, 46 Speed Sensor Assembly, 47 Stator Assembly, 13 Support Roller Clutch, 26
122

T Table of Contents, 2 Temperature Sensors, 47 Thermostatic Elements, 44 Torque Converter Clutch, 12-14 converter pump and turbine, 12-13 pressure plate, 12 stator assembly, 13 torque converter, 12 viscous converter clutch, 14 Torque Converter Clutch Applied, 62B-63 Torque Converter Clutch Released, 62-62A Torque Converter Clutch (TCC) Solenoid, 46 U Understanding The Graphics, 6-8A V Vacuum Modulator, 36 Valves Located In The Channel Plate, 38-39 Valves Located In The Valve Body, 37 Viscous Converter Clutch, 14 1/2 Support Roller Clutch, 26 2/1 Band Assembly, 24 2/1 Manual Servo Assembly, 24 2nd Clutch, 19 overdrive second, 58-59, 84-85 3-2 Downshift, 66B-67, 92-93 3rd Clutch, 20 overdrive third, 60-61, 86-87

4-3 Downshift, 66-66A, 90-91 4th Band, 19 4th Clutch, 17 overdrive fourth, 64-65, 88-89

NOTES

123

NOTES

124