Navy SEAL Training - BUD/S and Beyond Congratulations: You’ve passed the SEAL PST and have graduated

Boot Camp. You now proudly wear the uniform of the U.S. Navy and are on your way to BUD/S (Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL) training. The Navy core values of Honor, Courage and Commitment are a minimum expectation of every SEAL and trainee. Now is the time to adopt the SEAL ethos – the mindset to never ever quit, and do whatever it takes to pull your teammates through. The BUD/S Instructors will be putting you through the very same training that they have gone through themselves. They will be testing and observing you to determine if they can trust you with their lives and your classmates. ’ There is a good chance, given the small size of the SEAL community, that you will serve in future combat operations with some of your instructors. These veterans of Afghanistan and Iraq know firsthand that, “the more you sweat in peacetime, the less you bleed in war. ” Do you have what it takes? Do you want it badly enough? To make it through BUD/S and “Hell Week” you will need great physical fitness and endurance, mental discipline, teamwork, character, mature judgment, and a fiery desire to be a SEAL. Young men of all physical builds, ethnicities, educational backgrounds, sports specialties and various ages have succeeded before you. With determination, you can too. Phases of SEAL Training BUD/S-Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL Training SQT-SEAL Qualification Training Advanced Training Ten Steps to Be A SEAL Operator 1. Sign up for the SEAL Challenge and make SEAL passing scores on the ASVAB test. 2. Train hard and consistently, and pass the Physical Screening Test (PST) for SEALs. 3. Attend Navy Recruit Training Command (12 weeks) and pass the SEAL PST again. 4. Take SEAL Indoctrination and Pre-Training (3-5 weeks) in Coronado, CA. 5. Enter BUD/S (6 months total) Phase 1 (8 weeks) Phase 2 (8 weeks) Phase 3 (9 weeks) 6. Complete U.S. Army Jump School (Ft. Benning, GA) or Naval Special Warfare Parachute Course (San Diego, CA) 7. SEAL Qualification Training (Coronado, CA) 8. Graduate w/your SEAL class and receive your Trident, the Navy's SEAL Insignia. 9. Start assignment to one of eight SEAL Teams or two SDV Teams in Coronado, CA, Virginia Beach, VA, or Pearl Harbor, HI. 10. Sharpen your war fighting skills in your SEAL Platoon or SDV Platoon. After a six-month “work-up,” deploy overseas to conduct Maritime Special Operations as

directed by senior military commanders in specified geographic regions overseas. BUD/S (Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL) Training BUD/S is a 6-month SEAL training course held at the Naval Special Warfare Training Center in Coronado, CA. You’ll start with five weeks Indoctrination and Pre-Training as part of a Navy SEAL Class, then go through the Three Phases of BUD/S. First Phase is the toughest. It consists of 8 weeks of Basic Conditioning that peaks with a grueling segment called “Hell Week” at the midway point, where you’ll be tested to your limits. Hell Week is a test of physical endurance, mental tenacity and true teamwork where 2/3 or more of your class may call it quits or “ring the bell ”. Physical discomfort and pain will cause many to decide it isn’t worth it. The miserable wet-cold approaching hypothermia will make others quit. Sheer fatigue and sleep deprivation will cause every candidate to question his core values, motivations, limits, and everything he’s made of and stands for. Those who grit it out to the finish will hear their Instructors yell the longed-for words, “Hell Week is secured!” There will be an exceptional few with burning desire who persevere when their bodies are screaming to quit, yet continue on. These men experience a tremendous sense of pride, achievement, brotherhood and a new self-awareness that, “I can do anything!!” The most outstanding among them -- that man whose sheer force of example inspires his classmates to keep going when they’re ready to quit – is the “Honor Man” of the Class. These determined men will proceed on to Second Phase (8 weeks of Diving) and Third Phase (9 weeks of Land Warfare). Most men who have succeeded in Hell Week make it through these phases. If not, it’s usually due to academic issues (e.g. , dive physics) in the Dive Phase, or weapons and demolitions safety/competency issues in the Land Warfare (weapons and tactics) Phase. After BUDS is completed, trainees go through 3 weeks of Basic Parachute Training. At this point, training shifts from testing how the men react in a high-stress “gut check” environment, to making sure the trainees are competent in their core tasks. The men go through a final 8 weeks of focused SEAL Qualification Training in mission planning, operations, and tactic, techniques and procedures. Upon completion, they are authorized to wear the coveted Navy SEAL Trident insignia on their uniform. SEAL training ends with the formal BUD/S Class Graduation. Here the proud few in their dress Navy uniforms are recognized for their achievement in the presence of family and senior SEAL leaders. The Commanding Officers and senior enlisted advisors of the Naval Special Warfare Groups and SEAL Teams attend. The BUD/s graduates, as their newest Teammates, will be reminded of the special group they have entered, to be worthy of the sacrifices of the courageous Frogmen who came before them, and the great honor it is to serve as a U.S. Navy SEAL. BUD/S PHASES

Phase 1 – Physical Conditioning (8 weeks) Running in the sand Swimming – up to 2 miles w/fins in the ocean Calisthenics Timed Obstacle Course Four-mile timed runs in boots Small boat seamanship Hydrographic surveys and creating charts Hell Week – Week 4 of Phase 1 5 ½ days of continuous training Four hours sleep, total Swimming Running Enduring cold, wet, and exhaustion Rock Portage in Rubber Raiding Craft Doing 10 times what you thought possible TEAMWORK! Phase 2 – Diving (8 weeks) Step up intensity of the physical training Focus on Combat Diving Open-Circuit (compressed air) SCUBA Closed-Circuit (100% oxygen) SCUBA Long-distance underwater dives Mission-focused combat swimming and diving techniques Phase 3 – Land Warfare (9 weeks) Increasingly strenuous physical training Weapons training Demolitions (military explosives) Small unit tactics Patrolling techniques Rappelling and fast rope operations Marksmanship SQT-SEAL Qualification Training Tired yet? Well the fun is just beginning. It takes about five years to train a SEAL up to a high level of competence in all skill and mission areas. BUD/S is BASIC individual training. Now the prospective SEAL must check into his SEAL Team, assume the "new guy" role and start to learn how to operate as an elite commando unit. This mandatory four-month course is the first step. SEAL Qualification Training primarily focuses on the basics, but takes the individual's

Land Warfare. Fastrope techniques. Land Warfare training is usually conducted at the Naval Special Warfare training facility at Niland. smoke grenades go off and pop flares light up the night sky then fizzle out. These drills become quite interesting at night using pop up targets and pop flares and smoke grenades . Students enhance their skills in patrolling. fear.present desire to perform the drill better each time because they know that their life depends upon the level of competence of the team in a real firefight. During combat swimmer training the class will conduct over 25 day and night compass dives. followed by six frogmen to chase it to the water. as you contemplate leaping out the door into the sky 1500 feet above the ground. for the West Coast Teams or at Camp A.except at a much more advanced level.a zodiac boat with motor and gear sent out of the back of a C-130 under canopy.P Hill for the East Coast teams. the "Special Insertion/Extraction" (SPIE) rig is introduced .especially during the famed "gauntlet" at Niland where the squad patrols through a course with multiple and simultaneous "hits" that they must analyze and react to. team members scream to communicate over the noise. Also. students start to learn how to operate as a team.this is Navy SEAL Training at it's best folks! Airborne Picture yourself standing in the side door of a C-141 cargo aircraft traveling at 120 knots.which emulates the "fog" of battle pretty well. Many things could go wrong . Ca. which have the team firing and maneuvering in well-choreographed sequences. Field Medicine. The course is a little over four months in length and starts with classroom training in mission planning and intelligence gathering/reporting. Maritime Operations (long range ocean navigation) and Submarine Lock-in/Lock-out. Your stomach is churning. along with the ever. Air Skills. and rappelling are taught. whereby a SEAL slides down a nylon rope for 80 feet using only gloved hands to brake. During Air week the class can expect to conduct day and night static line jumps. Finally. stalking. Often the squads get split up and disoriented . All this is going on while SEALs endure sweat. Communications. exhilaration and confusion. This training lasts three weeks and is similar in content to the San Clemente Land Warfare . suppress fire and get out of the kill zone! WOW. The windblast is deafening. Students then begin a series of "blocks" of training covering the major skills required to conduct SEAL missions. They begin to practice the fine art of live fire immediate action drills. Combat Swimmer. Train as you would fight . These include Hydrographic Reconnaissance. starting again from the basics and progressing to full mission profile combat swimmer submerged ship attacks against Naval Vessels. a water jump accompanied by a "rubber duck" . improvised booby traps.skill levels to a higher plateau.allowing six to eight SEALs to be removed from an area too rugged or dense to land a helicopter. what a rush! Bullets fly all over the place. The motto the more you sweat in peacetime the less you bleed in war is constantly drilled into your head.you . weaponry and military demolition.all creating confusion and chaos .

Accruing over 1. Through 1.because. the teams spent three days to teach this same skill. But as safety concerns overrode the Team's old ways.a super great guy though and just a little devious too. Jump. repetition is the mother of perfection. Man was that spooky . pitch black forest. three.S. Airborne school is meant to teach SEALs how to jump out of a perfectly good airplane at night with a full combat load.check canpoy. your static line could break. Look. Navy SEAL training! WOW what a glutton for punishment Jeff is .so you might expect a few butterflies on your first jump.000 free fall jumps and 50 . most SEAL Airborne students learn to enjoy jumping and are eager to get to Free Fall school when in the Teams. and U. Met by the organizer of this delightful event.000 feet. In the old days. ALONE. the students finally get to jump out of a REAL Airplane. your parachute could malfunction. The standing joke is that your first jump will be a night water jump . look for other jumpers. Ga.pretty close to what it was like in the jungles of Vietnam (well not really-but there is only so much you can do to simulate war in peacetime!). First Class Petty Officer Jefferey Kraus (who by the way is the only military man to hold the distinction of having attended U. told us there were dogs lined up to trail us in one hour. An Insert by Lieutenant Commander Mark Divine One particularly memorable portion of my SQT training was land navigation in Washington State. That first night it was so dark that I read my Sylva Ranger Compass upside down and .100 static line jumps is not uncommon during a career in the Teams. not much room to spare as you drift to the ground preparing to do a PLF (Parachute Landing Fall) or land on your fifth point of performance (your butt).S.no flashlights because it would blow your night vision . and jumping from or bouncing in every type of contraption you could imagine. Watch as it cuts away your main chute and deploys your reserve -1B parachute. the three weeks of airborne training kick in and you remember instinctively your points of performance in this situation. tower training. 500 feet. four. or.knowing you were being tracked by dogs and thinking that there were people out there looking for you .Congratulations! You have completed your first Airborne jump at Basic Airborne training in Fort Benning. Most claim it to be a hairy experience . Finally. Army Special Forces School. We parachuted into the pitch-black night and landed on a pitch black Drop Zone lit only by four chemlights. seconds tick away as the terror of the moment grips you.because your eyes will be closed and you will pee your pants! However. five . the Army was assigned basic jump training and they work hard to pack three days of training into three weeks! So prepare to be repetitious . grab and pull the reserve handles. reach.S. U. as they say. heaven forbid.said to be there before 9 am the next morning. ) Jeff handed us a coordinate of our destination . Army Ranger School.could trip and hit your head on the door. Reserve deployment. Four more to go and you can pin on the lead wings and report in to your SEAL Team for SQT. At the end of three weeks of ground school. uh oh. then sent us on our way through the thick. got a tear the size of the grand canyon and you are coming down fast. two. Grab your chute and report into the Army instructor .

through the farmers fields and over fences and by pure magic found my start point then started on my way in the right direction. Corpsman and Rear Security). My curiosity aroused. I wandered over to see my exact grid coordinates posted on the sign! God bless the Army! In the middle of the forest. the junior officer is his assistant. Responsibilities are divided into positions in a patrol (such as Point Man. The methods of delivery. The training that must be accomplished during the year-plus training cycle is based upon several factors: Advanced individual and platoon level skills necessary for the conduct of all Special Operations Missions. Army had the foresight to place a sign on a tree telling me EXACTLY where I was. which includes either a 12 or 18 month training work-up. A SEAL Platoon consists of two officers. jumping. diving. SEAL Platoons have a training cycle. lost with pretty much no hope of figuring out where the heck I was. What service! Platoon Training 18D SOF Medic SDV . So I ran with full rucksack . At about 0400 in the morning I was totally lost in the forest . now the SEAL gets to put his fledgling talent to work with seasoned veterans of Naval Special Warfare. the senior enlisted is the Platoon Chief and the next senior enlisted is the Leading Petty Officer who is in charge of the day-to-day management of the enlisted platoon members. insertion/extraction most likely to be utilized while on deployment. Air Department Head and Ordnance/Demo Department Head) and by rank.moved stealthily for six miles in the exact OPPOSITE direction I was supposed to move! When I finally figured this out I was in some farmer's back yard with his dog barking at me and I remember thinking that I shouldn't have to climb over so many fences in this exercise! Well I had to find my exact starting point if I had any hope of finding the target by 9 am in the morning . the U.so much for my navigation skills.SEAL Delivery Vehicle Platoon Training Platoon Training is where the rubber finally meets the road. Radio Man. Patrol Leader. . a feeling of desperation was coming over me when I looked up at a tree about 100 feet in front of me and saw a white sign. department leadership (such as Diving Department Head.S. one chief and thirteen enlisted men. The senior officer is the Platoon Commander. shooting and blowing things up. Armed with a year of individual skill training. 60 Gunner. These platoons are incredibly highly trained and can accomplish most any task thrown at them. then a 6 month deployment overseas in an operational ‘combat ready’ status at a Naval Special Warfare Unit or Detachment.a mere 7 hours away. The geographic area of responsibility of the SEAL Team. hardened by thousands of hours of physical training.

because compared to 99 percent of all the divers in the world.m. is another Combat Swimmer course. mission planning in a classroom environment followed by intelligence gathering and reporting. followed by a demanding turtleback (kicking on the surface toward the dive point in full dive gear). Insertion at 8:00 p. at which time you return to the team to post-dive the dive rig. The day dive takes place from about 10:00 a. Finally. make final preparations and depart for the night dive at 7:30 p. the platoon will seek . . however.m. and SEALs plan their dive profile for the day dive. then set it up again for the night dive. Training begins immediately after breakfast at 6:00 a. The typical training day begins at seven a. Next. Hydrographic reconnaissance is covered once again combined with underwater demolition of submerged obstacles. it is usually back to the basics. you can be pretty sure that the SEALs. Hill (sometimes at a different location like Camp Roberts in CA.including a Full Mission Profile.m. then a four hour. You return to the team at 6:00 p. This starts with the basics. qualifies as exercise! Land Warfare training occurs again out at Niland or Camp A.m. and dive until completion at about midnight. rappelling and SPIE rig. It takes several years before a SEAL becomes an ‘expert’ combat diver (expert is a relative term here. if it gets above 105 degrees during the day. where SEALs are inserted by aircraft or surface vessel for a 30 mile ‘over the horizon’ transit in the CRRC.m. you de-brief the dive and go home for five hours of much needed sleep before doing it all over again the next day. both day and night combat equipment parachute jumps. divers don't have the energy to PT much during Combat Swimmer. The platoon will conduct over 30 dives during three weeks . when you come into the team to set up your dive rigs and prepare you gear.P. then cut out for a couple of hours rest and much needed food. . Many SEALs say that the Combat Swimmer course is exhausting. until about 2:00 p.m. The officers then brief the dive. . some might say that swimming six to eight thousand yards underwater. Next.m. This training is as close to a 24-hour a day work schedule that you can get (besides being on a submarine). Then it is back to the team to post-dive the rigs and cleanup your gear. You re-prepare all of your gear. fast-roping.drops out of different aircraft. in small unit tactics and builds to Full Mission Profiles conducted in a simulated combat environment. There are breaks for lunch and dinner – and. a BUD/S student is an expert after Second Phase of BUD/S!). the following morning. . plan the night's dive. including several -Duck. and it continues until about 12:00 or 1:00 a. Needless to say. then extracting after evading the anti swimmer measures put in place by the training cadre. air training lasts two weeks and builds upon SQT skills. once again.m. often against the current. along with their Green Beret counterparts. multi-leg dive into the enemy harbor to emplace limpet mines on the hulls of the target ships. . Combat swimmer training in the platoon is a very arduous and intense training block. if the teams want a change of scenery). are either there now or were there first! For the first three months of the training cycle. for another dive brief.Wherever there are troops on the ground in the world.

which is supported by helicopter assets.just flat out disappeared. Each squad will conduct several independent missions . done that’ SEAL books. the environment of the Vietnam era that SEALs endured and thrived in. This training emulates. Operators from SEAL Team FOUR have also found this very valuable in their efforts fighting alongside the DEA and foreign nationals in the war against drugs. The platoon combines to conduct a platoon-size direct action mission. The platoon learns the value of a pump action shotgun to clear foliage when contacted – especially if you can't see your target and he may be only a few feet from the platoon. This mission is very comprehensive and. these jungles are said to be a living nightmare. they are ‘contacted’ with enemy fire from which they must utilize the fire and maneuver Immediate Action Drills learned during training and evade the pursuing force. Darryl Young's ‘The Element Of Surprise’ is excellent as is Dick Couch's SEAL Team ONE. Jungle hammocks are mandatory . as the point man cuts his way through the bamboo and vines .humidity of 100 percent will probably send a constant stream of sweat down your back. It provides the platoon with the foundation from which to conduct the remaining year and one half (or so) of training. The Army lost a man training there a couple of years ago . See the Navy SEAL Books section of this publication for a quick look at the other good ‘been there. Navy SEAL tactics cannot be discussed in this publication. Immediate Action Drills are again a favorite of the SEALs and are the most intense portion of the training.usually a special reconnaissance. and incorporates much of the training accomplished during the Land Warfare phase of training. In Navy SEAL lore.ask anyone who has attempted to sleep on the jungle floor . Man-eating crocodiles and poisonous sea snakes are just two of your bedfellows as you patrol through the rivers and streams deep within the dense jungle foliage. due to their sensitive nature and to protect the troops. Most SEALs say that this training is a great learning experience and superb conditioning for combat. Land Warfare training ends with a week long Field Training Exercise where the platoon is put in semi-isolation in a simulated combat environment. suffice it to say that SEAL IADs are unique and have been said to mislead an enemy force into believing that they are up against a whole company (100 men) of Army GIs. if the platoon is detected by the training cadre. Some other training highlights are Jungle Warfare Training in Central America. in many ways. There are some great books on the market by Vietnam era SEAL vets. The platoon will shoot thousands and thousands of rounds during this training and will blow up more demolitions than you could imagine.shelter in the classroom for some academic classes. stand-off weapons direct action raid. Desert Patrol Vehicle (only if a Desert Platoon). body snatch. point ambush or combat search and rescue (CSAR-downed pilot rescue).yikes! Patrolling one klick (one thousand yards) can take hours. SEAL Teams TWO and FIVE are responsible for regions of the world that are often blanketed in snow – so their platoons conduct extreme cold weather training and winter .

and the winter warfare platoons become quite adept at this unique form of warfare. With just your nose above the surface. and it can carry a SEAL squad of eight men. Upstate New York and Norway. but the U. while utilizing dry suits to preserve warmth. The chamber is pressurized with a well similar to the .S. Imagine being on a fast attack submarine at hover 100 feet below the surface of the ocean. the training covers cross country skiing.then so do you .but both are taught because the DDS equipped subs may not be available when required. You enter the escape trunk for a ‘Lock-Out’ cycle with a 35 HP motor and some other SEAL gear. building snow caves and fire and maneuver tactics on skis and snow shoes. SEAL Team TWO platoons often conduct joint training exercises with their Norwegian and German counterparts in the mountains of Europe. it's dark and the escape trunk hatch closes while you ‘flood the trunk’ with water. Montana. Returning to the trunk. winter orienteering and mountain warfare tactics. It has a Submariner pilot and SEAL navigator. Soon the SDV teams will take delivery of the first Advanced SEAL Delivery System (ASDS). The ASDS is the first dry submersible owned by the SEAL community.warfare training.and SEALs do a ton of it. The cadre's sole purpose is to train each platoon in the requirements of conducting commando missions in a mountainous environment. Winter survival and escape and evasion are particularly arduous skills to master. These men are quite adept at winter warfare. The submarine will have a relatively long range and high speed (these figures are classified) and can hover above a mother submarine or the bottom and send the combat swimmers out of the pressure chamber. The gear goes up . The remaining Teams that do not require a winter warfare background still attend cold weather training and cold weather maritime operations in Alaska. Navy SEALs hold their own and excel when put to the test . That is a small taste of what working off a submarine is like . supported by a Special Boat Team detachment of two Rigid Hull Inflatable Boats (RHIBS). Usually conducted in Alaska. Also. It's cold. This Naval Special Warfare Detachment has a seasoned training cadre. you then pressurize the trunk to depth until the outer door cracks open.blow and go to the surface to prepare for a long. You take a deep breath and submerge to push the door all the way open to reveal the dark and vast ocean depths. cold CRRC transit to your unknown fate on the enemy shore. or CRRC) and the very high threat ‘over the beach’ crossing in a cold weather environment. where the platoon needs to rope in and traverse steep cliffs and ravines in cold weather.as usual. you signal that you are ready to send the motor and gear to the surface on the tethered line set up by the two SEALs who went out before you. Submarine Lock Out/Lock In (LO/LI) and Dry Deck Shelter Mass Swimmer Lock Out/Lock In (DDS MSLO/LI) are another insertion skill practiced by the SEAL platoon during training work-up. snowshoeing. the platoons conduct long range maritime operations (over 60 mile open ocean transits in a Combat Rubber Raiding Craft. Sending a platoon of frogmen out of a large Dry Deck Shelter at the same time is a more time effective and endurance saving method than the escape trunk method .

has the platoon board a vessel at berth. Mission Specific Training .such as shooting. By this time. Technically. An at-sea terrorist situation may call for the ship to be boarded. CQB is a valuable skill when performing the fine art of Visit. Board. flash bangs (to stun any occupants). stand off weapons attacks. side arms and the CAR-15.Naval Special Warfare forces have five primary missions.these missions can consist of ambushes. target assaults on maritime and land based targets. mostly at night with MP-5 flashlight attachments. the regular Teams do not advertise target recognition in a room entry situation . The Assault force is launched under cover of darkness from an amphibious vessel or Aircraft Carrier.Seaquest DSV TV series so the SEALs just slide into the water and swim out the bottom. the bad guys should have been rounded up and hog-tied for interrogation. The sniper helos take up position and relay information to the assault team leader. while underway. or an airplane or bus in a hostage rescue. A typical VBSS mission includes a platoon of SEALs.this skill is a favorite and one in which Team guys take great pride in. Explosive Methods of Entry is a specialized skill taught in Close Quarter Battle training and other advanced courses. point and area recons. These include Unconventional Warfare (UW) . Direct Action (DA) which involves any mission that a SEAL element may undergo against an enemy target including the use or potential use of force . Counter Terrorist (CT) . At the target vessel. hostage rescue. demo and insertion/extraction methods (diving. The insert bird is escorted by two UH-1s or MH-60s for spotter and sniper support. patrolling. This is hot stuff.which is just what it sounds like and is the primary mission of DEVGRU. Desert Patrol . which are utilized regardless of the mission category . Search and Seizure (VBSS). covert or clandestine mission where the primary purpose is to gather information. securing a vessel space by space after boarding from the sea or air . an insertion helo (either a H-53 or H-46).which includes the training of foreign nationals and relationship building during peacetime. The focus is on room entry techniques utilizing MP-5 submachine guns. and taken control of through force. Taking down a house room by room. and finally Special Reconnaissance (SR) . This is a very dangerous proposition . Indications and Warning missions and any other overt. Close Quarter Battle . the SEALs can beon the deck in less than 15 seconds to set security. Foreign Internal Defense (FID) . amongst others. Once on the bridge. a follow on force like a Marine Maritime Special Purpose Force (MSPF) to secure the ship after taking control. SDV.which is basically behind the lines guerrilla warfare during times of conflict.as learned by the SEAL Team FIVE platoon in the movie Under Siege.everyone is expected to be a bad guy. Just another easy day in the life of a Navy SEAL! A related mission.which entails hydrographic reconnaissance and SDV Beach Feasibility studies. The platoon begins movement through the vessel toward the bridge. called shipboarding. parachuting. they will secure and stop the vessel and call in the follow on force to secure the ship. You can bet that other services and government agencies (read CIA) are salivating and can't wait for their first free bus ride. utilizing Close Quarter Battle skills. Most SEAL platoon work-up time is spent training to hone skills.these all require an incredible amount of training and experience.

NSW Communications school and Applied Explosive Techniques. and do whatever it takes to pull your teammates through. 18D SOF Medic Navy SEAL Training . The Navy core values of Honor. You now proudly wear the uniform of the U. Navy and are on your way to BUD/S (Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL) training. Sniper school. These veterans of Afghanistan and Iraq know firsthand that.BUD/S and Beyond Congratulations: You’ve passed the SEAL PST and have graduated Boot Camp. Submarine trunk operator (OJT).S. They will be testing and observing you to determine if they can trust you with their lives and your classmates. character. the less you bleed in war. . skiing etc). Courage and Commitment are a minimum expectation of every SEAL and trainee. Young men of all physical builds. Some of these include: SERE school. With determination. Sign up for the SEAL Challenge and make SEAL passing scores on the ASVAB test. Target Analysis. The BUD/S Instructors will be putting you through the very same training that they have gone through themselves. sports specialties and various ages have succeeded before you. mature judgment. SEALs attend most of the entire advanced individual training courses offered by the Teams and other Special Operations communities. Now is the time to adopt the SEAL ethos – the mindset to never ever quit. H & K repair. Intelligence Photography. Stinger Weapon School. However. Breacher. Therefore. Parachute Rigger. Free fall School and Free fall Jumpmaster. teamwork. that you will serve in future combat operations with some of your instructors. educational backgrounds. Army Ranger school. given the small size of the SEAL community. Hand to Hand Combat Fighting Course (formerly SCARS) 40 hour operator and 300 hour instructor courses. ” Do you have what it takes? Do you want it badly enough? To make it through BUD/S and “Hell Week” you will need great physical fitness and endurance.Vehicle. “the more you sweat in peacetime. Naval Gunfire Support. ’ There is a good chance. there are more specialized skills that must be learned in order to effectively conduct the broad range of missions that fall under the five categories mentioned above. and a fiery desire to be a SEAL. Static Line Jumpmaster. ethnicities. and more. Emergency Medical Technician. mental discipline. you can too. Phases of SEAL Training BUD/S-Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL Training SQT-SEAL Qualification Training Advanced Training Ten Steps to Be A SEAL Operator 1. Cooper/Shaw shooting school. Diving Supervisor.

9. SEAL Qualification Training (Coronado. CA) 8. achievement. If not. . Hell Week is a test of physical endurance. HI. Sharpen your war fighting skills in your SEAL Platoon or SDV Platoon. and pass the Physical Screening Test (PST) for SEALs. Complete U. the Navy's SEAL Insignia. trainees go through 3 weeks of Basic Parachute Training. Train hard and consistently. You’ll start with five weeks Indoctrination and Pre-Training as part of a Navy SEAL Class. where you’ll be tested to your limits. After BUDS is completed. 3. Start assignment to one of eight SEAL Teams or two SDV Teams in Coronado. First Phase is the toughest. Enter BUD/S (6 months total) Phase 1 (8 weeks) Phase 2 (8 weeks) Phase 3 (9 weeks) 6.that man whose sheer force of example inspires his classmates to keep going when they’re ready to quit – is the “Honor Man” of the Class. These determined men will proceed on to Second Phase (8 weeks of Diving) and Third Phase (9 weeks of Land Warfare). CA. 5. Graduate w/your SEAL class and receive your Trident. 4. Attend Navy Recruit Training Command (12 weeks) and pass the SEAL PST again. or Pearl Harbor. “Hell Week is secured!” There will be an exceptional few with burning desire who persevere when their bodies are screaming to quit. mental tenacity and true teamwork where 2/3 or more of your class may call it quits or “ring the bell ”. Army Jump School (Ft. The miserable wet-cold approaching hypothermia will make others quit.S. or weapons and demolitions safety/competency issues in the Land Warfare (weapons and tactics) Phase. Sheer fatigue and sleep deprivation will cause every candidate to question his core values. “I can do anything!!” The most outstanding among them -. BUD/S (Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL) Training BUD/S is a 6-month SEAL training course held at the Naval Special Warfare Training Center in Coronado. limits. . motivations. brotherhood and a new self-awareness that. yet continue on. Benning. then go through the Three Phases of BUD/S.g. These men experience a tremendous sense of pride. CA. CA) 7. dive physics) in the Dive Phase. Physical discomfort and pain will cause many to decide it isn’t worth it.” deploy overseas to conduct Maritime Special Operations as directed by senior military commanders in specified geographic regions overseas. and everything he’s made of and stands for. It consists of 8 weeks of Basic Conditioning that peaks with a grueling segment called “Hell Week” at the midway point. Most men who have succeeded in Hell Week make it through these phases. Those who grit it out to the finish will hear their Instructors yell the longed-for words. it’s usually due to academic issues (e. VA. Take SEAL Indoctrination and Pre-Training (3-5 weeks) in Coronado. Virginia Beach. CA. GA) or Naval Special Warfare Parachute Course (San Diego. 10. After a six-month “work-up.2.

BUD/S PHASES Phase 1 – Physical Conditioning (8 weeks) Running in the sand Swimming – up to 2 miles w/fins in the ocean Calisthenics Timed Obstacle Course Four-mile timed runs in boots Small boat seamanship Hydrographic surveys and creating charts Hell Week – Week 4 of Phase 1 5 ½ days of continuous training Four hours sleep.At this point. training shifts from testing how the men react in a high-stress “gut check” environment. The BUD/s graduates. and exhaustion Rock Portage in Rubber Raiding Craft Doing 10 times what you thought possible TEAMWORK! Phase 2 – Diving (8 weeks) Step up intensity of the physical training Focus on Combat Diving Open-Circuit (compressed air) SCUBA Closed-Circuit (100% oxygen) SCUBA Long-distance underwater dives Mission-focused combat swimming and diving techniques Phase 3 – Land Warfare (9 weeks) . will be reminded of the special group they have entered. Upon completion. to making sure the trainees are competent in their core tasks. techniques and procedures. wet. to be worthy of the sacrifices of the courageous Frogmen who came before them. Here the proud few in their dress Navy uniforms are recognized for their achievement in the presence of family and senior SEAL leaders. and tactic. they are authorized to wear the coveted Navy SEAL Trident insignia on their uniform. total Swimming Running Enduring cold. The Commanding Officers and senior enlisted advisors of the Naval Special Warfare Groups and SEAL Teams attend. The men go through a final 8 weeks of focused SEAL Qualification Training in mission planning. and the great honor it is to serve as a U. as their newest Teammates.S. SEAL training ends with the formal BUD/S Class Graduation. operations. Navy SEAL.

During combat swimmer training the class will conduct over 25 day and night compass dives. Maritime Operations (long range ocean navigation) and Submarine Lock-in/Lock-out. the "Special Insertion/Extraction" (SPIE) rig is introduced . Also. which have the team firing and maneuvering in well-choreographed sequences.a zodiac boat with motor and gear sent out of the back of a C-130 under canopy. Communications. It takes about five years to train a SEAL up to a high level of competence in all skill and mission areas. whereby a SEAL slides down a nylon rope for 80 feet using only gloved hands to brake. Ca. The course is a little over four months in length and starts with classroom training in mission planning and intelligence gathering/reporting. Combat Swimmer. This mandatory four-month course is the first step. These include Hydrographic Reconnaissance. starting again from the basics and progressing to full mission profile combat swimmer submerged ship attacks against Naval Vessels. a water jump accompanied by a "rubber duck" . Students enhance their skills in patrolling. During Air week the class can expect to conduct day and night static line jumps. and rappelling are taught. Students then begin a series of "blocks" of training covering the major skills required to conduct SEAL missions. SEAL Qualification Training primarily focuses on the basics. but takes the individual's skill levels to a higher plateau. students start to learn how to operate as a team.Increasingly strenuous physical training Weapons training Demolitions (military explosives) Small unit tactics Patrolling techniques Rappelling and fast rope operations Marksmanship SQT-SEAL Qualification Training Tired yet? Well the fun is just beginning. improvised booby traps. Fastrope techniques. Land Warfare training is usually conducted at the Naval Special Warfare training facility at Niland.allowing six to eight SEALs to be removed from an area too rugged or dense to land a helicopter. . Now the prospective SEAL must check into his SEAL Team. for the West Coast Teams or at Camp A. They begin to practice the fine art of live fire immediate action drills.P Hill for the East Coast teams. Land Warfare. BUD/S is BASIC individual training. assume the "new guy" role and start to learn how to operate as an elite commando unit.which emulates the "fog" of battle pretty well. weaponry and military demolition. followed by six frogmen to chase it to the water. These drills become quite interesting at night using pop up targets and pop flares and smoke grenades . Finally. Field Medicine. stalking.except at a much more advanced level. Air Skills.all creating confusion and chaos . This training lasts three weeks and is similar in content to the San Clemente Land Warfare .

Many things could go wrong . The standing joke is that your first jump will be a night water jump .100 static line jumps is not uncommon during a career in the Teams. as you contemplate leaping out the door into the sky 1500 feet above the ground. uh oh. as they say.you could trip and hit your head on the door. three. most SEAL Airborne students learn to enjoy jumping and are eager to get to Free Fall school when in the Teams. reach. the Army was assigned basic jump training and they work hard to pack three days of training into three weeks! So prepare to be repetitious . But as safety concerns overrode the Team's old ways. All this is going on while SEALs endure sweat. heaven forbid. Train as you would fight . Reserve deployment. repetition is the mother of perfection. The windblast is deafening. fear. Four more to go and you can pin on the lead wings and report in to your SEAL Team for SQT. two. got a tear the size of the grand canyon and you are coming down fast. not much room to spare as you drift to the ground preparing to do a PLF (Parachute Landing Fall) or land on your fifth point of performance (your butt). At the end of three weeks of ground school. smoke grenades go off and pop flares light up the night sky then fizzle out. seconds tick away as the terror of the moment grips you.because your eyes will be closed and you will pee your pants! However. An Insert by Lieutenant Commander Mark Divine One particularly memorable portion of my SQT training was land navigation in . the teams spent three days to teach this same skill.Congratulations! You have completed your first Airborne jump at Basic Airborne training in Fort Benning. along with the ever. the three weeks of airborne training kick in and you remember instinctively your points of performance in this situation. suppress fire and get out of the kill zone! WOW. Ga. Through 1. The motto the more you sweat in peacetime the less you bleed in war is constantly drilled into your head. five .especially during the famed "gauntlet" at Niland where the squad patrols through a course with multiple and simultaneous "hits" that they must analyze and react to. exhilaration and confusion. 500 feet. Look. Most claim it to be a hairy experience .Often the squads get split up and disoriented . or. Jump. In the old days. your static line could break.because.000 free fall jumps and 50 . Your stomach is churning. team members scream to communicate over the noise. Airborne school is meant to teach SEALs how to jump out of a perfectly good airplane at night with a full combat load. tower training.this is Navy SEAL Training at it's best folks! Airborne Picture yourself standing in the side door of a C-141 cargo aircraft traveling at 120 knots. Watch as it cuts away your main chute and deploys your reserve -1B parachute. Grab your chute and report into the Army instructor . what a rush! Bullets fly all over the place.so you might expect a few butterflies on your first jump. look for other jumpers. the students finally get to jump out of a REAL Airplane.check canpoy. your parachute could malfunction. and jumping from or bouncing in every type of contraption you could imagine. four. grab and pull the reserve handles. Finally.present desire to perform the drill better each time because they know that their life depends upon the level of competence of the team in a real firefight. Accruing over 1.000 feet.

Corpsman and Rear Security). Man was that spooky .knowing you were being tracked by dogs and thinking that there were people out there looking for you .no flashlights because it would blow your night vision .S.S. Navy SEAL training! WOW what a glutton for punishment Jeff is . then sent us on our way through the thick. ALONE.a super great guy though and just a little devious too. I wandered over to see my exact grid coordinates posted on the sign! God bless the Army! In the middle of the forest.so much for my navigation skills. Radio Man. jumping.said to be there before 9 am the next morning. My curiosity aroused. and U.SEAL Delivery Vehicle Platoon Training Platoon Training is where the rubber finally meets the road. shooting and blowing things up.Washington State. told us there were dogs lined up to trail us in one hour. Army Ranger School. Met by the organizer of this delightful event. Army had the foresight to place a sign on a tree telling me EXACTLY where I was. A SEAL Platoon consists of two officers. That first night it was so dark that I read my Sylva Ranger Compass upside down and moved stealthily for six miles in the exact OPPOSITE direction I was supposed to move! When I finally figured this out I was in some farmer's back yard with his dog barking at me and I remember thinking that I shouldn't have to climb over so many fences in this exercise! Well I had to find my exact starting point if I had any hope of finding the target by 9 am in the morning .S. U. hardened by thousands of hours of physical training. What service! Platoon Training 18D SOF Medic SDV . department leadership (such as . a feeling of desperation was coming over me when I looked up at a tree about 100 feet in front of me and saw a white sign. So I ran with full rucksack . Responsibilities are divided into positions in a patrol (such as Point Man. At about 0400 in the morning I was totally lost in the forest .S. pitch black forest. Patrol Leader. ) Jeff handed us a coordinate of our destination . the U. First Class Petty Officer Jefferey Kraus (who by the way is the only military man to hold the distinction of having attended U. Armed with a year of individual skill training. 60 Gunner. lost with pretty much no hope of figuring out where the heck I was. diving.pretty close to what it was like in the jungles of Vietnam (well not really-but there is only so much you can do to simulate war in peacetime!).through the farmers fields and over fences and by pure magic found my start point then started on my way in the right direction. We parachuted into the pitch-black night and landed on a pitch black Drop Zone lit only by four chemlights. Army Special Forces School.a mere 7 hours away. now the SEAL gets to put his fledgling talent to work with seasoned veterans of Naval Special Warfare. one chief and thirteen enlisted men.

air training lasts two weeks and builds upon SQT skills. where SEALs are inserted by aircraft or surface vessel for a 30 mile ‘over the horizon’ transit in the CRRC. along with their Green Beret counterparts. a BUD/S student is an expert after Second Phase of BUD/S!). These platoons are incredibly highly trained and can accomplish most any task thrown at them. Wherever there are troops on the ground in the world. . then set it up again for the night dive. The officers then brief the dive. fast-roping. because compared to 99 percent of all the divers in the world. . at which time you return to the team to post-dive the dive rig. mission planning in a classroom environment followed by intelligence gathering and reporting. it is usually back to the basics. .m. Next. then a four hour. SEAL Platoons have a training cycle. you can be pretty sure that the SEALs. until about 2:00 p. The day dive takes place from about 10:00 a. Combat swimmer training in the platoon is a very arduous and intense training block. You return to the team at 6:00 p.m. Many SEALs say that the Combat Swimmer course is exhausting. are either there now or were there first! For the first three months of the training cycle. The methods of delivery. It takes several years before a SEAL becomes an ‘expert’ combat diver (expert is a relative term here. insertion/extraction most likely to be utilized while on deployment. Air Department Head and Ordnance/Demo Department Head) and by rank.including a Full Mission Profile. for another dive brief. which includes either a 12 or 18 month training work-up.m. The platoon will conduct over 30 dives during three weeks . both day and night combat equipment parachute jumps. The typical training day begins at seven a.drops out of different aircraft. Hydrographic reconnaissance is covered once again combined with underwater demolition of submerged obstacles. then a 6 month deployment overseas in an operational ‘combat ready’ status at a Naval Special Warfare Unit or Detachment. plan the night's dive. and SEALs plan their dive profile for the day dive.m.Diving Department Head. then cut out for a couple of hours rest and much needed food. rappelling and SPIE rig. when you come into the team to set up your dive rigs and prepare you gear. is another Combat Swimmer course. including several -Duck. Next. the senior enlisted is the Platoon Chief and the next senior enlisted is the Leading Petty Officer who is in charge of the day-to-day management of the enlisted platoon members. followed by a demanding turtleback (kicking on the surface toward the dive point in full dive gear).m. You re-prepare all of your gear. then extracting after evading the anti swimmer measures put in place by the training cadre. the junior officer is his assistant. multi-leg dive into the enemy harbor to emplace limpet mines on the hulls of the target ships. The senior officer is the Platoon Commander. . make final preparations and depart for the night dive at 7:30 p. The training that must be accomplished during the year-plus training cycle is based upon several factors: Advanced individual and platoon level skills necessary for the conduct of all Special Operations Missions. The geographic area of responsibility of the SEAL Team.

Hill (sometimes at a different location like Camp Roberts in CA. if the teams want a change of scenery). The Army lost a man training there a couple of years ago . divers don't have the energy to PT much during Combat Swimmer. these jungles are said to be a living nightmare. Then it is back to the team to post-dive the rigs and cleanup your gear. which is supported by helicopter assets. due to their sensitive nature and to protect the troops. See the Navy SEAL Books section of this publication for a quick look at the other good ‘been there. Some other training highlights are Jungle Warfare Training in Central America. There are breaks for lunch and dinner – and. In Navy SEAL lore. Needless to say. It provides the platoon with the foundation from which to conduct the remaining year and one half (or so) of training. Training begins immediately after breakfast at 6:00 a. body snatch. they are ‘contacted’ with enemy fire from which they must utilize the fire and maneuver Immediate Action Drills learned during training and evade the pursuing force. This mission is very comprehensive and. stand-off weapons direct action raid. There are some great books on the market by Vietnam era SEAL vets. suffice it to say that SEAL IADs are unique and have been said to mislead an enemy force into believing that they are up against a whole company (100 men) of Army GIs. and it continues until about 12:00 or 1:00 a. Each squad will conduct several independent missions . you de-brief the dive and go home for five hours of much needed sleep before doing it all over again the next day.m.P. done that’ SEAL books. however. Immediate Action Drills are again a favorite of the SEALs and are the most intense portion of the training.Insertion at 8:00 p. Land Warfare training ends with a week long Field Training Exercise where the platoon is put in semi-isolation in a simulated combat environment. The platoon combines to conduct a platoon-size direct action mission. The platoon will shoot thousands and thousands of rounds during this training and will blow up more demolitions than you could imagine.just flat out . qualifies as exercise! Land Warfare training occurs again out at Niland or Camp A. Desert Patrol Vehicle (only if a Desert Platoon). the platoon will seek shelter in the classroom for some academic classes. Most SEALs say that this training is a great learning experience and superb conditioning for combat. and dive until completion at about midnight. once again. Darryl Young's ‘The Element Of Surprise’ is excellent as is Dick Couch's SEAL Team ONE. point ambush or combat search and rescue (CSAR-downed pilot rescue). the following morning. some might say that swimming six to eight thousand yards underwater.usually a special reconnaissance. This starts with the basics. . Navy SEAL tactics cannot be discussed in this publication.m. if the platoon is detected by the training cadre.m. . Finally. if it gets above 105 degrees during the day. and incorporates much of the training accomplished during the Land Warfare phase of training. This training is as close to a 24-hour a day work schedule that you can get (besides being on a submarine). often against the current. in small unit tactics and builds to Full Mission Profiles conducted in a simulated combat environment.

SEAL Team TWO platoons often conduct joint training exercises with their Norwegian and German counterparts in the mountains of Europe. Jungle hammocks are mandatory .ask anyone who has attempted to sleep on the jungle floor . The remaining Teams that do not require a winter warfare background still attend cold weather training and cold weather maritime operations in Alaska. the environment of the Vietnam era that SEALs endured and thrived in. This Naval Special Warfare Detachment has a seasoned training cadre. SEAL Teams TWO and FIVE are responsible for regions of the world that are often blanketed in snow – so their platoons conduct extreme cold weather training and winter warfare training. It's cold. but the U. as the point man cuts his way through the bamboo and vines . With just your nose above the surface. These men are quite adept at winter warfare. You enter the escape trunk for a ‘Lock-Out’ cycle with a 35 HP motor and some other SEAL gear. winter orienteering and mountain warfare tactics. you then pressurize the trunk to depth until the outer door cracks open. Upstate New York and Norway. Submarine Lock Out/Lock In (LO/LI) and Dry Deck Shelter Mass Swimmer Lock Out/Lock In (DDS MSLO/LI) are another insertion skill practiced by the SEAL platoon during training work-up.yikes! Patrolling one klick (one thousand yards) can take hours. where the platoon needs to rope in and traverse steep cliffs and ravines in cold weather. The platoon learns the value of a pump action shotgun to clear foliage when contacted – especially if you can't see your target and he may be only a few feet from the platoon. Man-eating crocodiles and poisonous sea snakes are just two of your bedfellows as you patrol through the rivers and streams deep within the dense jungle foliage. Navy SEALs hold their own and excel when put to the test . Operators from SEAL Team FOUR have also found this very valuable in their efforts fighting alongside the DEA and foreign nationals in the war against drugs. The cadre's sole purpose is to train each platoon in the requirements of conducting commando missions in a mountainous environment.humidity of 100 percent will probably send a constant stream of sweat down your back. supported by a Special Boat Team detachment of two Rigid Hull Inflatable Boats (RHIBS). while utilizing dry suits to preserve warmth. This training emulates. You take a deep . or CRRC) and the very high threat ‘over the beach’ crossing in a cold weather environment.as usual. snowshoeing. Winter survival and escape and evasion are particularly arduous skills to master. building snow caves and fire and maneuver tactics on skis and snow shoes.disappeared. and the winter warfare platoons become quite adept at this unique form of warfare. Also.S. the platoons conduct long range maritime operations (over 60 mile open ocean transits in a Combat Rubber Raiding Craft. in many ways. the training covers cross country skiing. Imagine being on a fast attack submarine at hover 100 feet below the surface of the ocean. Montana. Usually conducted in Alaska. it's dark and the escape trunk hatch closes while you ‘flood the trunk’ with water.

The ASDS is the first dry submersible owned by the SEAL community. By this time. You can bet that other services and government agencies (read CIA) are salivating and can't wait for their first free bus ride. mostly at night with MP-5 flashlight attachments. the SEALs can beon the deck in less than 15 seconds to set security. side arms and the CAR-15. a follow on force like a Marine Maritime Special Purpose Force (MSPF) to secure the ship after taking control. utilizing Close Quarter Battle skills. securing a vessel space by space after boarding from the sea or air . has the platoon board a vessel at berth. That is a small taste of what working off a submarine is like . Board. The sniper helos take up position and relay information to the assault team leader.this skill is a favorite and one in which Team guys take great pride in. Soon the SDV teams will take delivery of the first Advanced SEAL Delivery System (ASDS).blow and go to the surface to prepare for a long. called shipboarding. flash bangs (to stun any occupants). The chamber is pressurized with a well similar to the Seaquest DSV TV series so the SEALs just slide into the water and swim out the bottom.then so do you .but both are taught because the DDS equipped subs may not be available when required. .and SEALs do a ton of it. or an airplane or bus in a hostage rescue.these all require an incredible amount of training and experience. Explosive Methods of Entry is a specialized skill taught in Close Quarter Battle training and other advanced courses. The platoon begins movement through the vessel toward the bridge.as learned by the SEAL Team FIVE platoon in the movie Under Siege. the bad guys should have been rounded up and hog-tied for interrogation. Taking down a house room by room. and it can carry a SEAL squad of eight men. you signal that you are ready to send the motor and gear to the surface on the tethered line set up by the two SEALs who went out before you. This is hot stuff. and taken control of through force. The insert bird is escorted by two UH-1s or MH-60s for spotter and sniper support. Technically. The focus is on room entry techniques utilizing MP-5 submachine guns. A typical VBSS mission includes a platoon of SEALs. CQB is a valuable skill when performing the fine art of Visit. an insertion helo (either a H-53 or H-46). cold CRRC transit to your unknown fate on the enemy shore. they will secure and stop the vessel and call in the follow on force to secure the ship. Search and Seizure (VBSS). Sending a platoon of frogmen out of a large Dry Deck Shelter at the same time is a more time effective and endurance saving method than the escape trunk method . the regular Teams do not advertise target recognition in a room entry situation . Just another easy day in the life of a Navy SEAL! A related mission. At the target vessel. The submarine will have a relatively long range and high speed (these figures are classified) and can hover above a mother submarine or the bottom and send the combat swimmers out of the pressure chamber. Close Quarter Battle . An at-sea terrorist situation may call for the ship to be boarded. This is a very dangerous proposition .breath and submerge to push the door all the way open to reveal the dark and vast ocean depths. Once on the bridge. The Assault force is launched under cover of darkness from an amphibious vessel or Aircraft Carrier. Returning to the trunk.everyone is expected to be a bad guy. It has a Submariner pilot and SEAL navigator. The gear goes up . while underway.

Army Ranger school. Now is the time to adopt the SEAL ethos – the mindset to never ever quit. and finally Special Reconnaissance (SR) . Emergency Medical Technician. Most SEAL platoon work-up time is spent training to hone skills. Stinger Weapon School. Free fall School and Free fall Jumpmaster.Naval Special Warfare forces have five primary missions. covert or clandestine mission where the primary purpose is to gather information. that you will serve in future combat operations with some of your instructors. The BUD/S Instructors will be putting you through the very same training that they have gone through themselves. Intelligence Photography. hostage rescue. Breacher. Cooper/Shaw shooting school.which entails hydrographic reconnaissance and SDV Beach Feasibility studies. patrolling. You now proudly wear the uniform of the U. ’ There is a good chance. Foreign Internal Defense (FID) . Courage and Commitment are a minimum expectation of every SEAL and trainee. Naval Gunfire Support. H & K repair.S. and more. These veterans of Afghanistan and Iraq know firsthand that. Therefore. The Navy core values of Honor. which are utilized regardless of the mission category . Sniper school. SDV.which is basically behind the lines guerrilla warfare during times of conflict. Diving Supervisor. Some of these include: SERE school.such as shooting.these missions can consist of ambushes. Desert Patrol Vehicle. Direct Action (DA) which involves any mission that a SEAL element may undergo against an enemy target including the use or potential use of force . Static Line Jumpmaster. Hand to Hand Combat Fighting Course (formerly SCARS) 40 hour operator and 300 hour instructor courses. point and area recons.BUD/S and Beyond Congratulations: You’ve passed the SEAL PST and have graduated Boot Camp. skiing etc). Navy and are on your way to BUD/S (Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL) training. However. 18D SOF Medic Navy SEAL Training . given the small size of the SEAL community. there are more specialized skills that must be learned in order to effectively conduct the broad range of missions that fall under the five categories mentioned above. They will be testing and observing you to determine if they can trust you with their lives and your classmates.which is just what it sounds like and is the primary mission of DEVGRU. Counter Terrorist (CT) . demo and insertion/extraction methods (diving. parachuting.which includes the training of foreign nationals and relationship building during peacetime. Parachute Rigger. amongst others. NSW Communications school and Applied Explosive Techniques. and do whatever it takes to pull your teammates through. “the . target assaults on maritime and land based targets. SEALs attend most of the entire advanced individual training courses offered by the Teams and other Special Operations communities. stand off weapons attacks.Mission Specific Training . Submarine trunk operator (OJT). Target Analysis. These include Unconventional Warfare (UW) . Indications and Warning missions and any other overt.

Sign up for the SEAL Challenge and make SEAL passing scores on the ASVAB test. and pass the Physical Screening Test (PST) for SEALs. the Navy's SEAL Insignia. the less you bleed in war. VA. Benning. Attend Navy Recruit Training Command (12 weeks) and pass the SEAL PST again. Take SEAL Indoctrination and Pre-Training (3-5 weeks) in Coronado.more you sweat in peacetime. Graduate w/your SEAL class and receive your Trident. where you’ll be tested to your limits. First Phase is the toughest. Start assignment to one of eight SEAL Teams or two SDV Teams in Coronado. Phases of SEAL Training BUD/S-Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL Training SQT-SEAL Qualification Training Advanced Training Ten Steps to Be A SEAL Operator 1. CA. sports specialties and various ages have succeeded before you. 3. Sharpen your war fighting skills in your SEAL Platoon or SDV Platoon. Train hard and consistently. Virginia Beach. With determination. It consists of 8 weeks of Basic Conditioning that peaks with a grueling segment called “Hell Week” at the midway point. or Pearl Harbor. Hell Week is a test of physical endurance. mental discipline.S. 9. mature judgment. CA.” deploy overseas to conduct Maritime Special Operations as directed by senior military commanders in specified geographic regions overseas. 10. 2. After a six-month “work-up. Physical discomfort and pain will cause many to decide it isn’t worth it. educational backgrounds. GA) or Naval Special Warfare Parachute Course (San Diego. you can too. Complete U. CA) 8. Young men of all physical builds. You’ll start with five weeks Indoctrination and Pre-Training as part of a Navy SEAL Class. teamwork. ” Do you have what it takes? Do you want it badly enough? To make it through BUD/S and “Hell Week” you will need great physical fitness and endurance. BUD/S (Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL) Training BUD/S is a 6-month SEAL training course held at the Naval Special Warfare Training Center in Coronado. 4. then go through the Three Phases of BUD/S. and a fiery desire to be a SEAL. The miserable wet-cold approaching hypothermia will make others quit. CA) 7. Army Jump School (Ft. 5. Enter BUD/S (6 months total) Phase 1 (8 weeks) Phase 2 (8 weeks) Phase 3 (9 weeks) 6. HI. CA. Sheer fatigue and sleep deprivation will cause every . mental tenacity and true teamwork where 2/3 or more of your class may call it quits or “ring the bell ”. ethnicities. SEAL Qualification Training (Coronado. character.

to making sure the trainees are competent in their core tasks. The BUD/s graduates. These determined men will proceed on to Second Phase (8 weeks of Diving) and Third Phase (9 weeks of Land Warfare). they are authorized to wear the coveted Navy SEAL Trident insignia on their uniform.g. The Commanding Officers and senior enlisted advisors of the Naval Special Warfare Groups and SEAL Teams attend. Here the proud few in their dress Navy uniforms are recognized for their achievement in the presence of family and senior SEAL leaders.S. trainees go through 3 weeks of Basic Parachute Training. will be reminded of the special group they have entered. Upon completion. “Hell Week is secured!” There will be an exceptional few with burning desire who persevere when their bodies are screaming to quit. The men go through a final 8 weeks of focused SEAL Qualification Training in mission planning. it’s usually due to academic issues (e.candidate to question his core values. . “I can do anything!!” The most outstanding among them -. Those who grit it out to the finish will hear their Instructors yell the longed-for words. At this point. These men experience a tremendous sense of pride. training shifts from testing how the men react in a high-stress “gut check” environment. yet continue on. brotherhood and a new self-awareness that. After BUDS is completed. motivations. and the great honor it is to serve as a U. or weapons and demolitions safety/competency issues in the Land Warfare (weapons and tactics) Phase. Most men who have succeeded in Hell Week make it through these phases. and everything he’s made of and stands for. total . limits. operations. Navy SEAL. to be worthy of the sacrifices of the courageous Frogmen who came before them. BUD/S PHASES Phase 1 – Physical Conditioning (8 weeks) Running in the sand Swimming – up to 2 miles w/fins in the ocean Calisthenics Timed Obstacle Course Four-mile timed runs in boots Small boat seamanship Hydrographic surveys and creating charts Hell Week – Week 4 of Phase 1 5 ½ days of continuous training Four hours sleep. as their newest Teammates. and tactic. techniques and procedures. SEAL training ends with the formal BUD/S Class Graduation. If not.that man whose sheer force of example inspires his classmates to keep going when they’re ready to quit – is the “Honor Man” of the Class. achievement. dive physics) in the Dive Phase.

Fastrope techniques. Finally. but takes the individual's skill levels to a higher plateau. wet. Combat Swimmer. the "Special Insertion/Extraction" (SPIE) rig is introduced . It takes about five years to train a SEAL up to a high level of competence in all skill and mission areas. Maritime Operations (long range ocean navigation) and Submarine Lock-in/Lock-out.a zodiac boat with motor and gear sent out of the back of a C-130 under canopy.Swimming Running Enduring cold. Now the prospective SEAL must check into his SEAL Team. assume the "new guy" role and start to learn how to operate as an elite commando unit. During Air week the class can expect to conduct day and night static line jumps. Communications. Also. SEAL Qualification Training primarily focuses on the basics. a water jump accompanied by a "rubber duck" . The course is a little over four months in length and starts with classroom training in mission planning and intelligence gathering/reporting. Land Warfare. These include Hydrographic Reconnaissance. followed by six frogmen to chase it to the water. and exhaustion Rock Portage in Rubber Raiding Craft Doing 10 times what you thought possible TEAMWORK! Phase 2 – Diving (8 weeks) Step up intensity of the physical training Focus on Combat Diving Open-Circuit (compressed air) SCUBA Closed-Circuit (100% oxygen) SCUBA Long-distance underwater dives Mission-focused combat swimming and diving techniques Phase 3 – Land Warfare (9 weeks) Increasingly strenuous physical training Weapons training Demolitions (military explosives) Small unit tactics Patrolling techniques Rappelling and fast rope operations Marksmanship SQT-SEAL Qualification Training Tired yet? Well the fun is just beginning. BUD/S is BASIC individual training. and rappelling are taught. Air Skills. students start to learn how to operate as a team. Field Medicine.allowing six to eight SEALs to be removed from an area too . This mandatory four-month course is the first step. Students then begin a series of "blocks" of training covering the major skills required to conduct SEAL missions. whereby a SEAL slides down a nylon rope for 80 feet using only gloved hands to brake.

for the West Coast Teams or at Camp A.which emulates the "fog" of battle pretty well.especially during the famed "gauntlet" at Niland where the squad patrols through a course with multiple and simultaneous "hits" that they must analyze and react to. two. During combat swimmer training the class will conduct over 25 day and night compass dives.000 feet.P Hill for the East Coast teams. Many things could go wrong . the three weeks of airborne training kick in and you remember instinctively your points of performance in this situation.rugged or dense to land a helicopter. suppress fire and get out of the kill zone! WOW. as you contemplate leaping out the door into the sky 1500 feet above the ground. The windblast is deafening. four. Jump. They begin to practice the fine art of live fire immediate action drills. got a tear the size of the grand canyon and you are coming down fast.this is Navy SEAL Training at it's best folks! Airborne Picture yourself standing in the side door of a C-141 cargo aircraft traveling at 120 knots. reach. stalking. what a rush! Bullets fly all over the place.Congratulations! You have completed your first Airborne jump at Basic Airborne training in Fort Benning. Students enhance their skills in patrolling. starting again from the basics and progressing to full mission profile combat swimmer submerged ship attacks against Naval Vessels. weaponry and military demolition. Your stomach is churning. which have the team firing and maneuvering in well-choreographed sequences. Through 1. look for other jumpers. Ga. heaven forbid. Watch as it cuts away your main chute and deploys your reserve -1B parachute. not much room to spare as you drift to the ground preparing to do a PLF (Parachute Landing Fall) or land on your fifth point of performance (your butt). Look. Often the squads get split up and disoriented . grab and pull the reserve handles.check canpoy. This training lasts three weeks and is similar in content to the San Clemente Land Warfare . All this is going on while SEALs endure sweat. or. improvised booby traps. Reserve deployment. five . along with the ever. Finally. seconds tick away as the terror of the moment grips you. your static line could break. Train as you would fight . 500 feet. Land Warfare training is usually conducted at the Naval Special Warfare training facility at Niland. smoke grenades go off and pop flares light up the night sky then fizzle out. Ca. your parachute could malfunction.present desire to perform the drill better each time because they know that their life depends upon the level of competence of the team in a real firefight. uh oh.except at a much more advanced level. Airborne school is meant to teach SEALs how to jump out of a perfectly good airplane at . exhilaration and confusion.all creating confusion and chaos . Grab your chute and report into the Army instructor . These drills become quite interesting at night using pop up targets and pop flares and smoke grenades . Four more to go and you can pin on the lead wings and report in to your SEAL Team for SQT. team members scream to communicate over the noise. fear. The motto the more you sweat in peacetime the less you bleed in war is constantly drilled into your head.you could trip and hit your head on the door. three.

as they say. What . In the old days. Man was that spooky . Navy SEAL training! WOW what a glutton for punishment Jeff is .S. the Army was assigned basic jump training and they work hard to pack three days of training into three weeks! So prepare to be repetitious . At about 0400 in the morning I was totally lost in the forest .S.a super great guy though and just a little devious too. ) Jeff handed us a coordinate of our destination .so you might expect a few butterflies on your first jump.000 free fall jumps and 50 . Most claim it to be a hairy experience . Met by the organizer of this delightful event.because. The standing joke is that your first jump will be a night water jump .S.said to be there before 9 am the next morning. tower training. repetition is the mother of perfection. told us there were dogs lined up to trail us in one hour. the students finally get to jump out of a REAL Airplane. then sent us on our way through the thick. So I ran with full rucksack . U. That first night it was so dark that I read my Sylva Ranger Compass upside down and moved stealthily for six miles in the exact OPPOSITE direction I was supposed to move! When I finally figured this out I was in some farmer's back yard with his dog barking at me and I remember thinking that I shouldn't have to climb over so many fences in this exercise! Well I had to find my exact starting point if I had any hope of finding the target by 9 am in the morning .through the farmers fields and over fences and by pure magic found my start point then started on my way in the right direction. Army Special Forces School. ALONE. Accruing over 1. pitch black forest. Army Ranger School.night with a full combat load. We parachuted into the pitch-black night and landed on a pitch black Drop Zone lit only by four chemlights. the U. My curiosity aroused. At the end of three weeks of ground school.S. Army had the foresight to place a sign on a tree telling me EXACTLY where I was.pretty close to what it was like in the jungles of Vietnam (well not really-but there is only so much you can do to simulate war in peacetime!).so much for my navigation skills.knowing you were being tracked by dogs and thinking that there were people out there looking for you . But as safety concerns overrode the Team's old ways. First Class Petty Officer Jefferey Kraus (who by the way is the only military man to hold the distinction of having attended U. a feeling of desperation was coming over me when I looked up at a tree about 100 feet in front of me and saw a white sign. and U.because your eyes will be closed and you will pee your pants! However. lost with pretty much no hope of figuring out where the heck I was.a mere 7 hours away. I wandered over to see my exact grid coordinates posted on the sign! God bless the Army! In the middle of the forest. An Insert by Lieutenant Commander Mark Divine One particularly memorable portion of my SQT training was land navigation in Washington State. the teams spent three days to teach this same skill.no flashlights because it would blow your night vision . most SEAL Airborne students learn to enjoy jumping and are eager to get to Free Fall school when in the Teams. and jumping from or bouncing in every type of contraption you could imagine.100 static line jumps is not uncommon during a career in the Teams.

rappelling and SPIE rig. Corpsman and Rear Security). The methods of delivery. then a 6 month deployment overseas in an operational ‘combat ready’ status at a Naval Special Warfare Unit or Detachment. SEAL Platoons have a training cycle.service! Platoon Training 18D SOF Medic SDV . A SEAL Platoon consists of two officers. are either there now or were there first! For the first three months of the training cycle. including several -Duck. Hydrographic reconnaissance is covered once again combined with underwater demolition of submerged obstacles. Armed with a year of individual skill training. department leadership (such as Diving Department Head. shooting and blowing things up. insertion/extraction most likely to be utilized while on deployment. Air Department Head and Ordnance/Demo Department Head) and by rank. These platoons are incredibly highly trained and can accomplish most any task thrown at them. fast-roping. it is usually back to the basics. now the SEAL gets to put his fledgling talent to work with seasoned veterans of Naval Special Warfare. which includes either a 12 or 18 month training work-up. along with their Green Beret counterparts. hardened by thousands of hours of physical training.SEAL Delivery Vehicle Platoon Training Platoon Training is where the rubber finally meets the road. jumping. Next. Patrol Leader. diving. the junior officer is his assistant. is another Combat Swimmer course. Wherever there are troops on the ground in the world. Responsibilities are divided into positions in a patrol (such as Point Man. mission planning in a classroom environment followed by intelligence gathering and reporting. The senior officer is the Platoon Commander. both day and night combat equipment parachute jumps. Next. the senior enlisted is the Platoon Chief and the next senior enlisted is the Leading Petty Officer who is in charge of the day-to-day management of the enlisted platoon members. you can be pretty sure that the SEALs. air training lasts two weeks and builds upon SQT skills. The geographic area of responsibility of the SEAL Team. because compared to 99 percent of all the divers in the world. It takes several years before a SEAL becomes an ‘expert’ combat diver (expert is a relative term here. a BUD/S student is an expert after Second Phase of . The training that must be accomplished during the year-plus training cycle is based upon several factors: Advanced individual and platoon level skills necessary for the conduct of all Special Operations Missions. Radio Man. 60 Gunner. one chief and thirteen enlisted men.drops out of different aircraft.

and it continues until about 12:00 or 1:00 a.m. Then it is back to the team to post-dive the rigs and cleanup your gear. once again. You re-prepare all of your gear. often against the current. The platoon will conduct over 30 dives during three weeks .P. The platoon will shoot thousands and thousands of rounds during this training and will blow up more demolitions than you could imagine. Darryl Young's ‘The Element Of Surprise’ is excellent as is Dick Couch's SEAL Team ONE. and SEALs plan their dive profile for the day dive. where SEALs are inserted by aircraft or surface vessel for a 30 mile ‘over the horizon’ transit in the CRRC. . at which time you return to the team to post-dive the dive rig. Finally.BUD/S!). then a four hour. . This starts with the basics.m. then cut out for a couple of hours rest and much needed food. divers don't have the energy to PT much during Combat Swimmer. followed by a demanding turtleback (kicking on the surface toward the dive point in full dive gear). Training begins immediately after breakfast at 6:00 a. you de-brief the dive and go home for five hours of much needed sleep before doing it all over again the next day. the platoon will seek shelter in the classroom for some academic classes. if the teams want a change of scenery). Many SEALs say that the Combat Swimmer course is exhausting. the following morning. multi-leg dive into the enemy harbor to emplace limpet mines on the hulls of the target ships. when you come into the team to set up your dive rigs and prepare you gear. Insertion at 8:00 p. Needless to say. There are breaks for lunch and dinner – and. done that’ SEAL books. in small unit tactics and builds to Full Mission Profiles conducted in a simulated combat environment. qualifies as exercise! Land Warfare training occurs again out at Niland or Camp A. if it gets above 105 degrees during the day. Combat swimmer training in the platoon is a very arduous and intense training block. then set it up again for the night dive. make final preparations and depart for the night dive at 7:30 p. The typical training day begins at seven a. however. You return to the team at 6:00 p. See the Navy SEAL Books section of this publication for a quick look at the other good ‘been there. for another dive brief. suffice it to say that SEAL IADs are unique and have been said to mislead an enemy force into believing that they are up against a whole company (100 men) of Army GIs. some might say that swimming six to eight thousand yards underwater. due to their sensitive nature and to protect the troops. until about 2:00 p. Hill (sometimes at a different location like Camp Roberts in CA. The day dive takes place from about 10:00 a.m.m. This training is as close to a 24-hour a day work schedule that you can get (besides being on a submarine). There are some great books on the market by Vietnam era SEAL vets.m. plan the night's dive. Land Warfare training ends with a week long Field Training Exercise where the platoon .including a Full Mission Profile. .m. and dive until completion at about midnight. then extracting after evading the anti swimmer measures put in place by the training cadre. Navy SEAL tactics cannot be discussed in this publication. . . Immediate Action Drills are again a favorite of the SEALs and are the most intense portion of the training. The officers then brief the dive.m.m.

Montana. The cadre's sole purpose is to train each platoon in the requirements of conducting commando missions in a mountainous environment. Most SEALs say that this training is a great learning experience and superb conditioning for combat. Usually conducted in Alaska. winter orienteering and mountain warfare tactics. This Naval Special Warfare Detachment has a seasoned training cadre. SEAL Teams TWO and FIVE are responsible for regions of the world that are often blanketed in snow – so their platoons conduct extreme cold weather training and winter warfare training. Winter survival and escape and evasion are particularly arduous skills to master. point ambush or combat search and rescue (CSAR-downed pilot rescue).ask anyone who has attempted to sleep on the jungle floor . where the platoon needs to rope in and traverse steep cliffs and ravines in cold weather. The platoon learns the value of a pump action shotgun to clear foliage when contacted – especially if you can't see your target and he may be only a few feet from the platoon. as the point man cuts his way through the bamboo and vines . Each squad will conduct several independent missions .usually a special reconnaissance.yikes! Patrolling one klick (one thousand yards) can take hours. It provides the platoon with the foundation from which to conduct the remaining year and one half (or so) of training. building snow caves and fire and maneuver tactics on skis and snow shoes. The Army lost a man training there a couple of years ago . and incorporates much of the training accomplished during the Land Warfare phase of training.humidity of 100 percent will probably send a constant stream of sweat down your back. The platoon combines to conduct a platoon-size direct action mission. The remaining Teams that do not require a winter warfare background still attend cold weather training and cold weather maritime operations in Alaska. . Operators from SEAL Team FOUR have also found this very valuable in their efforts fighting alongside the DEA and foreign nationals in the war against drugs. This training emulates.is put in semi-isolation in a simulated combat environment. In Navy SEAL lore. these jungles are said to be a living nightmare.just flat out disappeared. Upstate New York and Norway. body snatch. the environment of the Vietnam era that SEALs endured and thrived in. Desert Patrol Vehicle (only if a Desert Platoon). snowshoeing. and the winter warfare platoons become quite adept at this unique form of warfare. This mission is very comprehensive and. if the platoon is detected by the training cadre. stand-off weapons direct action raid. the training covers cross country skiing. Jungle hammocks are mandatory . they are ‘contacted’ with enemy fire from which they must utilize the fire and maneuver Immediate Action Drills learned during training and evade the pursuing force. Man-eating crocodiles and poisonous sea snakes are just two of your bedfellows as you patrol through the rivers and streams deep within the dense jungle foliage. in many ways. which is supported by helicopter assets. Some other training highlights are Jungle Warfare Training in Central America.

The gear goes up . You can bet that other services and government agencies (read CIA) are salivating and can't wait for their first free bus ride.but both are taught because the DDS equipped subs may not be available when required. . You take a deep breath and submerge to push the door all the way open to reveal the dark and vast ocean depths. while utilizing dry suits to preserve warmth. Technically. Close Quarter Battle . These men are quite adept at winter warfare. securing a vessel space by space after boarding from the sea or air . supported by a Special Boat Team detachment of two Rigid Hull Inflatable Boats (RHIBS). Soon the SDV teams will take delivery of the first Advanced SEAL Delivery System (ASDS). you signal that you are ready to send the motor and gear to the surface on the tethered line set up by the two SEALs who went out before you. or CRRC) and the very high threat ‘over the beach’ crossing in a cold weather environment. the platoons conduct long range maritime operations (over 60 mile open ocean transits in a Combat Rubber Raiding Craft.these all require an incredible amount of training and experience. but the U. With just your nose above the surface. This is hot stuff. Taking down a house room by room. side arms and the CAR-15.this skill is a favorite and one in which Team guys take great pride in. Sending a platoon of frogmen out of a large Dry Deck Shelter at the same time is a more time effective and endurance saving method than the escape trunk method .S. Explosive Methods of Entry is a specialized skill taught in Close Quarter Battle training and other advanced courses. Returning to the trunk.Also. Navy SEALs hold their own and excel when put to the test . the regular Teams do not advertise target recognition in a room entry situation . The submarine will have a relatively long range and high speed (these figures are classified) and can hover above a mother submarine or the bottom and send the combat swimmers out of the pressure chamber.as usual. SEAL Team TWO platoons often conduct joint training exercises with their Norwegian and German counterparts in the mountains of Europe. The ASDS is the first dry submersible owned by the SEAL community. That is a small taste of what working off a submarine is like . You enter the escape trunk for a ‘Lock-Out’ cycle with a 35 HP motor and some other SEAL gear. The chamber is pressurized with a well similar to the Seaquest DSV TV series so the SEALs just slide into the water and swim out the bottom. Submarine Lock Out/Lock In (LO/LI) and Dry Deck Shelter Mass Swimmer Lock Out/Lock In (DDS MSLO/LI) are another insertion skill practiced by the SEAL platoon during training work-up. or an airplane or bus in a hostage rescue. Imagine being on a fast attack submarine at hover 100 feet below the surface of the ocean.everyone is expected to be a bad guy. It has a Submariner pilot and SEAL navigator. cold CRRC transit to your unknown fate on the enemy shore. you then pressurize the trunk to depth until the outer door cracks open. it's dark and the escape trunk hatch closes while you ‘flood the trunk’ with water. It's cold. The focus is on room entry techniques utilizing MP-5 submachine guns.then so do you .and SEALs do a ton of it. flash bangs (to stun any occupants). and it can carry a SEAL squad of eight men. mostly at night with MP-5 flashlight attachments.blow and go to the surface to prepare for a long.

Indications and Warning missions and any other overt. which are utilized regardless of the mission category . target assaults on maritime and land based targets. The sniper helos take up position and relay information to the assault team leader. H & K repair. The platoon begins movement through the vessel toward the bridge.as learned by the SEAL Team FIVE platoon in the movie Under Siege. stand off weapons attacks. Parachute Rigger. An at-sea terrorist situation may call for the ship to be boarded. Diving Supervisor. Some of these include: SERE school. Submarine trunk operator (OJT). NSW Communications school and Applied Explosive Techniques. Mission Specific Training . utilizing Close Quarter Battle skills. A typical VBSS mission includes a platoon of SEALs. However. This is a very dangerous proposition . The Assault force is launched under cover of darkness from an amphibious vessel or Aircraft Carrier. . while underway. an insertion helo (either a H-53 or H-46). has the platoon board a vessel at berth. demo and insertion/extraction methods (diving. and more. covert or clandestine mission where the primary purpose is to gather information. Free fall School and Free fall Jumpmaster. Army Ranger school. Just another easy day in the life of a Navy SEAL! A related mission. there are more specialized skills that must be learned in order to effectively conduct the broad range of missions that fall under the five categories mentioned above. Therefore. a follow on force like a Marine Maritime Special Purpose Force (MSPF) to secure the ship after taking control.CQB is a valuable skill when performing the fine art of Visit. Target Analysis. Stinger Weapon School. amongst others. point and area recons. Hand to Hand Combat Fighting Course (formerly SCARS) 40 hour operator and 300 hour instructor courses. and taken control of through force. These include Unconventional Warfare (UW) . parachuting. hostage rescue. Most SEAL platoon work-up time is spent training to hone skills. Sniper school. and finally Special Reconnaissance (SR) . Direct Action (DA) which involves any mission that a SEAL element may undergo against an enemy target including the use or potential use of force . Naval Gunfire Support.which is basically behind the lines guerrilla warfare during times of conflict. Cooper/Shaw shooting school. At the target vessel. The insert bird is escorted by two UH-1s or MH-60s for spotter and sniper support. Search and Seizure (VBSS). Breacher. Intelligence Photography. called shipboarding. they will secure and stop the vessel and call in the follow on force to secure the ship. Foreign Internal Defense (FID) . SDV.Naval Special Warfare forces have five primary missions. the bad guys should have been rounded up and hog-tied for interrogation.which entails hydrographic reconnaissance and SDV Beach Feasibility studies. the SEALs can beon the deck in less than 15 seconds to set security. By this time. Once on the bridge. skiing etc). Board. Desert Patrol Vehicle. Static Line Jumpmaster. Counter Terrorist (CT) .these missions can consist of ambushes. patrolling.which is just what it sounds like and is the primary mission of DEVGRU. SEALs attend most of the entire advanced individual training courses offered by the Teams and other Special Operations communities.which includes the training of foreign nationals and relationship building during peacetime. Emergency Medical Technician.such as shooting.

SEALs are expected to perform at a high level. Air Force PJs.18D Medic Those that have made it through the gauntlet of BUD/S and SQT and have the disire to be SEAL medics will be sent to Ft. much of what is learned in the classroom is practiced in the field under realistic conditions of war on each other.SEAL Delivery Vehicle SEAL Delivery Vehicle School: BUD/S graduates who receive orders to SEAL Delivery Vehicle Team ONE in Hawaii or TWO in Little Creek. medics second. Since this training is highly technical and very dangerous. One important thing to remember is that every SEAL is a warrior. . to advance emergency medicine and battlefield trauma life support. Marine Corps Recon. Ca. Va. it is not unheard of to be expelled from this training. blindfolded. This course provides indepth training in conventional and unconventional medical skills ranging from diagnosis and treatment of nearly every known condition. SDV . and Navy SEALs. must attend the three month SDV School in Coronado. and in war the best preventative medicine is superior fire power. 18D is a joint SOF course where the student and instructor staff is made up of Army SF. This course teaches the students how to dive the MK-16 mixed gas dive rig and to pilot and navigate the MK-VIII SEAL Delivery Vehicle. To be known as a good "operator" is as highly coveted in the Teams as a six-figure paycheck is on Wall Street! Many aspects of the SEAL Delivery Vehicle program are classified and beyond what we can discuss here . North Carolina for an additional six months of advance medical training known as 18D (pronounced "delta"). it is considerably more relaxed and is a refreshing transition for the BUD/S graduate from the harassment of BUD/S training to the professional attitude at the SEAL Teams. they also use it to secretly deliver SEALs and other agents onto enemy territory from a submarine or other vessel at sea.so you will have to join the Navy to find out. and reputation is the cornerstone of the professional SEAL's career. Still. 18D SEALs are shooters first. It takes a formidable amount of training to be able to pilot and navigate the SDV well. This is not your standard school book training. Also the new SEALs reputation starts while he is at BUD/S. By the time SEALs are ready to graduate 18D they can start an IV in the smallest of veins with one arm tied behind their back. which SEALs use to conduct 100 percent long-range submerged missions. We discuss the SDV more in the equipment section of this site. The SDV is a "wet" submersible. and the best SDVers usually stay at an SDV Team for the bulk of their SEAL careers. Bragg.

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