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Submitted by : Abdallah Kamal Abu Keshek Submitted to : Dr.Yasser El-Saie
All marine vessels ranging from say the smallest F1 Power Boat to the largest cruise liner of the world need repairs. The garage mechanic simply uses hydraulic aid to lift your car off the ground. 2 . According to a SOLAS requirement. This is usually asked to be done in case the ship has met with a collision. but the same cannot be said about big ships such as bulkers. Drydocking was mentioned as one of the methods and can be compared to taking your car to the garage for maintenance. Exceptions are provided only if the ship is well maintained and that too just by replacing one dry-dock with an in water survey. tankers.What is Dry-docks and why it is done? We learnt in another article about types of ship repairs and know that a ship needs to be kept in ship-shape by following various methods described over there. reefers or any type of ship for that matter and it is there that the concept of a dry-dock comes into the picture. Inspection during dry docking is also carried out if the ship is to be sold. Dry docks should also be carried out if demanded by the Classification Society. Dry dock is a large dock made out from the shore. the time gap between two dry-docks shouldn't be more than 3 years. Also. from which water can be pumped out in order to repair parts of the ship which are below the waterline. every sea going ship should be dry docked at least twice every 5 years. has been grounded in past or has a lousy maintenance practice.
The pontoon is divided into number of tanks. 3 . The four main types of Dry docking Methods are as follows: • • • • Floating Dock Excavated Dock Patent Slip Ship lift Floating Dock A Floating Dock is a kind of a pontoon with sponsons on both the sides.Dry Dock Methods The type of Dry docking method selected depends on the type of the ship and the severity of maintenance and repair required. The ship is then navigated into the dock and the tanks are emptied so that the dock rises above the water. the tanks are filled with water due to which the dock submerges into the water. When the ship has to be docked.
1)Keel Blocks 2)Side Blocks 3)Side Sponson 4)Rails for crains 4 .The pumping of water is done with the help of ballast pumps which are located in sponsons. The sponsons are also equipped with cranes and bollards. These keel blocks are placed on the tank tops. the water is also filled manually with the help of manual valves. For increased stability side blocks are also provided. Apart from the ballast pumps. keel blocks are provided. To prevent any movement of the ship. Special reinforcement material is provided to prevent this. Both the sponsons are connected with a bridge. The side blocks are provided in such a way that the forces they exert don't damage the hull.
5 . the dock is sloped slightly towards the opening and the ballast pumps are located near the door itself. Excavated dock can be a floating structure or a dock at the harbour. The Only difference is that it has a closing door at the opening. Also.Excavated Dock This method of docking is almost similar to that of Floating dock.
Once there. It works some thing like the "jack up" system. 6 . they are pulled in a perpendicular direction which brings the ship above the water surface. The system consists of cradles that move with the help of rails.Patent Slip This system is generally used for small ships of length 140 meters or less. The cradles roll into the water till they reach exactly beneath the ship.
below the ship.After that. It also consists of cradles which are used to slid a platform into the water. Approximately 14 cradles are used to move the platform. 7 . This system can lift ships only of length up to 125 meters. Once the platform reaches below the ship.Ship lift This system is somewhat similar to the Patent Ship method. Winches are used to lift the ship and to place it in the desired position. the ship is properly navigated on the platform.