Cable Sizing for High Voltage Motor | PANKAJ PAL

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PANKAJ PAL
B.E Electrical Student of L.D College of Engineering, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. Trainee Engg. at Linde Engineering India Pvt. Ltd. visit our site www.jagteraho.co.in our own NGO named NAMMI - a touch of care

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Cable Sizing for High Voltage Motor

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Cable Sizing for High Voltage Motor Minimum Size of Cable required to withstand short-circuit : Entries (rss) Comments (rss) Minimum Cross Section Area of HV Cable = (If x √t)/k Where, Maximum Fault level at 6600 V - 457 MVA (Assumed) If = 40 kA at 6.6kV k = Material Constant = 0.094 (for aluminium cables) t = Fault withstand time in sec. = 0.25 sec (Assumed) Minimum Cross Section Area of HV Cable = (40 x √0.25)/0.094 = 212.76 mm2 Next available standard size is 240 mm2 Hence, minimum cross sectional area for HV cables is 240 sq. mm Now, we have to check three parameters : a)Able to withstand continuous current rating b)Voltage Drop (During Normal Running Condition) c)Voltage Drop (During Starting Condition) a)Able to withstand continuous current rating : Rating = 210 kW Power Factor = 0.88 Efficiency = 93% Rated current = 210 / (√3 x 6.6x 0.88 x 0.93) = 22.44 Amp Required current rating of cable, after adjusting for derating factor (Derating factor is explained at bottom) = 22.4/ 0.579 = 38.76 Amp Continuous current rating of 3Cx240 sq mm, 6.35/11kV A2XFY cables is 326 Amp (Data is available from cable manufacturer catalogue) which is higher than the required current rating. Hence, we can use 1 Run of 3Cx240 sqmm A2XFY cable. Now, this cable size shall be checked for voltage drop during normal running and motor starting conditions as per following. b)Voltage Drop (During Normal Running Condition) : % V. D = (√3 x I x ( RcosØ + XsinØ ) /V sys )xL x 100/1000 Where, L : Length of Cable in meters = 385 m (assumed) cosØ : Power Factor of motor = 0.88 (assumed) I : Rated Current = 22.44Amp V sys : Rated Voltage = 6600 volts R : Cable Resistance =0.162 Ω/km (Data from Cable manufacturer) X : Cable Reactance = 0.072 Ω/km (Data from Cable manufacturer) Ltd. View my complete profile

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