Summary

Piping Pressure Drop Template -- For Liquids or Gases
Version 2.19a
by Stephen M. Hall, PE
Copyright 1999, 2000

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DATA INPUT

Prepared by
Date
English

Project Data
S. Hall
Client
15-Mar-2003
W.O.
Unit
SI
Area
Line ID

Line Number:
Service:
Pipe Material Specification:

Sample
10314
Process
Tank Farm

Liquid Example
General Pipeline Data
Raw Material Transfer
<< 150 lb Carbon Steel
A
None

Insulation
Ambient Temp

(deg F)

80.00
Process Data

Fluid Name
Molecular Weight
Actual Flow
Maximum Flow
Flowing Temperature
Nominal Pressure
Specific Gravity
Absolute Viscosity

Optional Pulldown List of Fluids

Toluene
Liquid
(Entry Ignored>>>)
92.13
(gallons/minute)
100.00
Gas
(gallons/minute)
100.00
(deg F)
70.00
(psia)
14.70
0.87 (<<< Entry Ignored)
(centipoise)
0.779 (<<< Entry Ignored)
Size Selection Criteria

Toluene

Conversion from scfm to pph
Desired scfm:

150

Molecular weight:

92.13

Actual Flow (lb/h):

2,310

Conversion from acfm to pph
Economic

Specific Diameter

Target Velocity

Desired acfm:

3

Molecular weight:
Pressure (psia):

Physical Layout
Length of pipeline
90 deg Ell
Long Rad. Ell
45 deg Ell
180 deg Bend
TEE-Line Flow
TEE-Branch Flow
Bell Mouth Inlet
Square Mouth Inlet

(feet)
0 Globe Valve
0 Gate Valve
0 Ball Valve (reduced port)
0 Butterfly Valve
0 Plug Valve
0 Angle Valve
0 Swing Check Valve
0 Re-Entrant Pipe
Report Selection

Results Summary

LIQFLOW

Datasheet Style

EquivLength

Instructions

OPTLIQ

Page 1

Temperature (deg F):

1000
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Actual Flow (lb/h):

150
92.13
14.7
70
2,144

3/15/2003

36 23.Ball Valve (red. But/hr 1 in 1-1/2 in n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2 in n/a n/a n/a 3 in n/a n/a n/a Summary of Results ===> Nom.51 0.ft.939 3.) 0. Mouth Inlet . SPECIFICATION NO.97 2.10 lb/cu.34 2.0207 0.Gate Valve 45 deg Ell .PIPELINE SIZING CALCULATION REV 0 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 PREPARED BY S.5 in n/a n/a n/a Pipe is Uninsulated 1 in 1-1/2 in n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2 in n/a n/a n/a 3 in n/a n/a n/a Heat Loss (Gain).85 1.22 0.73 22.) 2.06 5.13 203.0198 Physical Layout 90 deg Ell . 10314 18103 UNIT AREA PROCURED BY INSTALLED BY Process Tank Farm APPROVAL General Raw Material Transfer A: 150 lb Carbon Steel 0. Eq Lgth Size (ft) 2 1.52 Plug Valve Angle Valve Swing Check Valve Re-Entrant Pipe feet - Heat Loss ===> Nom.TEE-Line Flow .583587 (gallons/minute) (gallons/minute) (deg F) (psia) (centipoise) Basis for Sizing: Optimum Economic Diameter ===> Nom. Ell .417) 0. Hall DATE 15-Mar-2003 Fluid Service Pipe Specification Surface Roughness Insulation Ambient Temperature Fluid Pumped Design Flow Rate Maximum Flow Rate Flowing Temperature Nominal Pressure Specific Gravity Viscosity CLIENT LINE NO. (in.336) (13.500 Wall (in.00015 None 80 (feet) (deg F) Process Data Toluene (liquid) 100 100 70 14.Bell Mouth Inlet .5 in n/a n/a n/a .218 0.54 19.) 1.237 I.53E+05 1.17E+05 Friction Factor 0.D.216 0.8 Bare (7.375 3.068 4.58 1000 Velocity (ft/sec) 10.7 (= 54.Globe Valve Long Rad.48 0.363) (11.000 3 1.) 0.O.8 8.026 Reynolds Number 2.867 0.19 5. Size 2 3 4 units Btu/hr-ft Btu/hr-ft Btu/hr-ft Bare (7) (11) (13) 0.7 2. (in.81 20.D.000 4 1.42E+05 1.500 4.0199 0. port) 180 deg Bend . REQUISITION NO. Size 2 3 4 Sched 80 40 40 O.58 234.27 0.Sq.Butterfly Valve Straight Feet of Pipe (measured through centerline of fittings): Pressure Drop/100 equiv ft (psi) (ft water) (ft liq) 8.87 4.TEE-Brnch Flow . Sample Liquid Example W.000 Pressure Drop (psi) (ft water) (ft liq) 88.

80 2.16 9.) Inside Diameter (in.10 lb/cu. REQUISITION NO. 40 4. Sample Liquid Example W.) Wall Thickness (in.60 1.14 0.79 10.00015 None 80 (feet) (deg F) (gallons/minute) (gallons/minute) (deg F) (psia) (centipoise) (in.218 1.919 Reynolds Number 15.41 2.91 1.0214 3.) 0.939 3 in.87 0.22 2.0260 0.25 0.536 217.0222 1.0215 0.0204 0.ft.19 0.447 91.862 116.344 193.15 1.0199 0.47 1.0250 0.0306 0.00 0.01 0.18 2.17 2.0201 0.0219 0.04 1.0207 8.210 104.09 0.56 0.43 3.51 0.0233 0.56 3.76 0.27 0.0198 0.27 6.0222 0.0227 0.32 2.69 16.0211 4.605 58.70 8.51 4.40 7.02 0.48 0. 10314 18103 UNIT AREA PROCURED BY INSTALLED BY Process Tank Farm 2 in.0240 0.06 1.0201 0.02 0.0217 2.316 137.95 0.03 0.651 23.35 0.289 30.192 48.960 145.53 0.895 Reynolds Number 11.34 Friction DeltaP/100 equiv ft Velocity Factor (psi) (ft water) (ft/sec) 0.579 45.) CLIENT LINE NO.737 107.35 5.87 Friction DeltaP/100 equiv ft Velocity Factor (psi) (ft water) (ft/sec) 0.05 0.0210 5.14 2.43 0.0213 0.78 20.) (in.50 0.41 0.23 2.17 0.43 7.576 96.303 34.158 76.500 0.17 0.0208 7.605 152.09 1.11 1.237 4.04 1.26 3.216 3.52 10. Hall DATE 15-Mar-2003 Fluid Service Pipe Specification Surface Roughness Insulation Ambient Temperature Fluid Pumped Design Flow Rate Maximum Flow Rate Flowing Temperature Nominal Pressure Specific Gravity Viscosity Smaller Pipe Size Schedule Outside Diameter Wall Thickness Inside Diameter Selected Pipe Size Schedule Outside Diameter Wall Thickness Inside Diameter APPROVAL General Raw Material Transfer A: 150 lb Carbon Steel 0.02 0.01 0.026 122.954 46.500 0.O.0241 0.0203 0. SPECIFICATION NO.026 Process Data Toluene (liquid) 100 100 70 14.11 1.30 0.00 0.76 0.) (in.50 0.01 0.559 93.) (in.EFFECT OF FLOW VARIATION REV 0 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 PREPARED BY S.068 4 in.52 .61 0.04 0.54 0.) Next Larger Pipe Size Schedule Outside Diameter (in.26 0.26 0.70 3.0270 0.17 0.01 0.09 0.0210 0.257 69.58359 Flow (gpm) 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow (gpm) 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow (gpm) 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Reynolds Number 24.) (in.0229 0.513 Friction DeltaP/100 equiv ft Velocity Factor (psi) (ft water) (ft/sec) 0.21 0.97 0.26 0.867 (= 54.0208 0. 40 3.61 13.75 0.0289 0.768 120.10 0.30 0.7 0.85 4.29 0.33 0.727 241.87 3.375 0.74 0.03 0.908 81.868 61.) (in.384 72.152 169.0206 0.33 0.08 1.31 5.

0 0.0 0.000 1.0 0.0 Straight Pipe 1. "K Value" data are from the Hydraulic Institute.0 0.0 0. 0. If the fitting/size combination does not appear in the table.EQUIVALENT LENGTH OF PIPE REV 0 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 PREPARED BY S.0 0.0 0. Ft.0 Qty 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 inch Equiv.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. 0. 0. port) Butterfly Valve Plug Valve Angle Valve Swing Check Valve Bell Mouth Inlet Square Mouth Inlet Re-Entrant Pipe CLIENT LINE NO.0 0. Ft.0 0.O.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.000 Total Equiv Feet 1000 1000 1000 Equivalent lengths are calculated using a table of values. .0 0. Hall DATE 15-Mar-2003 APPROVAL General Raw Material Transfer A: 150 lb Carbon Steel Fluid Service Pipe Specification Pipe Size Fittings 90 deg Ell Long Rad.0 0.0 Qty 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 inch Equiv. Ell 45 deg Ell TEE-Line Flow TEE-Branch Flow 180 deg Bend Globe Valve Gate Valve Ball Valve (red.0 0.0 0. the "K Value" method is used.0 0. Sample Liquid Example W.0 0.0 0.000 1.0 0.0 0. SPECIFICATION NO.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. Pipe Friction Manual. Ft. 10314 18103 UNIT AREA PROCURED BY INSTALLED BY Process Tank Farm Qty 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 inch Equiv.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. REQUISITION NO.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. regressed.0 0.0 0.

73 $13.026 2.75 5 1.30 35% 8. % of pipe cost $1.SELECTED PIPE DIAMETER REV PREPARED BY 0 S.895 0.87 241. Sample Liquid Example W.068 4.939 feet/second 10.32 $63.10 lb/cu.34 152.19 Peters & Timmerhaus Plant Design and Economics for Chemical Engineers 3 $1.854 2.02 $25.813 Selected Size 3 3.ft.513 0. cost of pipe Factor relating pipe cost to diameter (exponential) Frictional loss due to fittings and bends.20 $43.) 0.000 $0.85 $5.76 $9. % Annual fixed charges for maintenance.05 .0207 psi/100 equiv ft 8.80 $8. 10314 18103 UNIT AREA PROCURED BY INSTALLED BY Process Tank Farm General Raw Material Transfer A: 150 lb Carbon Steel 0.O. 1 inch diameter.52 116. Hall 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 DATE 15-Mar-2003 Fluid Service Pipe Specification Surface Roughness Insulation Ambient Temperature Fluid Pumped Design Flow Rate Maximum Flow Rate Flowing Temperature Nominal Pressure Specific Gravity Viscosity APPROVAL (feet) (deg F) (gallons/minute) (gallons/minute) (deg F) (psia) (centipoise) CLIENT LINE NO. $ per year per foot of installed piping: Pumping Cost Initial Piping Annual Piping Total Reference: (power) (capital expenditure) (maintenance) 2 $11.0199 0. $/ft Ratio of costs for fittings & installation to purch.66 $12. Friction Factor Pressure Drop inch nominal size 2 inch actual inside diameter 1.96 4 $0. % of straight pipe Operation. $/kwhr Efficiency of motor and pump.919 0.219 Calculated Costs.7 0.15 60% 20% Basis for Sizing: Optimum Economic Diameter Optimum diameter calculated using Peters & Timmerhaus formula Closest pipe size from specified material class Smaller Size Actual Size Velocity Reynolds No.58359 Economic Data Purchase cost of new pipe. hours/yr Cost of electricity. REQUISITION NO. SPECIFICATION NO.17 $16.59 3 Next Larger Size 4 4.867 (= 54.0198 0.00015 None 80 Process Data Toluene (liquid) 100 100 70 14.

00E+00 200 850 1200 -40 42 42 0. insert new row prior to end of table (at row 15 for instance).38E-09 1. per inch 0.165 1 1 0.39E-07 8.195 4.167 165 -65 0.82E-11 Intermediate Calculations Wind Factor 0 2*pi*(Ti-Ts) -62.230 250 -200 0.00E+00 1 0.425 0.00E+00 0.36E-07 2.174 -1.Insulation Material Data Table may be modified or supplemented.00E+00 0.73E-04 3.00E+00 0.00E-11 0.227 0. If adding new insulation material.00E+00 0.290 0.330 0. add new material.259 1 0.40E-11 0.289 5. Thickness (in) Calcium Silicate Cellular glass Elastometric foam Fiberglass Mineral Wool Perlite.369 1.83185307 K factor.00E-07 0.92E-07 9.228 3.02160625 Average temperature (fluid to ambient) 75 deg F .58E-04 3.5 1 1 Maximum Temperature Minimum Temperature Thermal Conductivity. expanded Phenolic foam Polystyrene foam Polyurethane/ Polyisocyanurat e foams Thermal Conductivity Coefficients 1 1 m p s t u 0.76E-13 0.55E-04 -3.14E-04 4. then sort the table alph Insulation Material Min.116667 6. K (ºF) (ºF) [Btu*in/ (h*ft2*ºF)] 1000 900 250 -450 0.27E-10 2.72E-04 6.383 0.67E-04 1000 300 250 75 0.06E-07 -8.00E+00 0.388 4.25E-04 0.

add new material. expanded Phenolic foam Polystyrene foam Polyurethane/ Polyisocyanurat e foams Thermal Conductivity Coefficients 1 1 m p s t u 0.39E-07 8.73E-04 3.00E+00 0.55E-04 -3.227 0.83185307 K factor.195 4.06E-07 -8.290 0. Thickness (in) Calcium Silicate Cellular glass Elastometric foam Fiberglass Mineral Wool Perlite. per inch 0.76E-13 0.00E-07 0.82E-11 Intermediate Calculations Wind Factor 0 2*pi*(Ti-Ts) -62.00E+00 1 0.72E-04 6.230 250 -200 0.165 1 1 0.00E+00 0.388 4.14E-04 4.00E+00 0.289 5.00E-11 0.27E-10 2.67E-04 1000 300 250 75 0.Insulation Material Data Table may be modified or supplemented.259 1 0.369 1.40E-11 0. insert new row prior to end of table (at row 15 for instance).330 0.00E+00 200 850 1200 -40 42 42 0. then sort the table alph Insulation Material Min.25E-04 0.92E-07 9.02160625 Average temperature (fluid to ambient) 75 deg F . If adding new insulation material.5 1 1 Maximum Temperature Minimum Temperature Thermal Conductivity.58E-04 3.00E+00 0.116667 6.36E-07 2.383 0.174 -1.167 165 -65 0.38E-09 1.425 0.00E+00 0. K (ºF) (ºF) [Btu*in/ (h*ft2*ºF)] 1000 900 250 -450 0.228 3.

50 8 0.89 316L SS Sanitary Tubing -100 450 150 0.89 Glass-lined Steel -20 450 150 0.000005 $4.89 FRP Pipe.000005 $4.3 316L SS Pipe -100 500 145 0.000015 $4.50 8 0. Thick Wall -20 275 150 0.0001 $4.or company-specific pipe specification designations.89 316L SS Zephyrweld Tubing -100 450 150 0.50 8 0.000015 $4.75 18 0.00015 $1.89 Type M Copper Water Tube -100 250 110 0. Keep it in alphabetical order by Spec.50 8 0.50 8 0.00015 $1. or edit the existing ones.50 8 0.75 5 1.3 300 lb Carbon Steel -20 750 300 0.000001 $4.89 Polypropylene-Line Pipe 0 225 150 0.89 Type L Copper Water Tube -100 250 110 0.89 Type K Copper Water Tube -100 250 110 0. Heavy Duty -20 275 150 0.000005 $4.89 CPVC Pipe 0 180 100 0. Epoxy Lining 0 225 150 0.50 8 0.00015 $1.000005 $4.89 PVDF-Lined Pipe.000005 $4.50 8 0.91 Polypropylene Pipe. Cost Factors Min Temp Max Temp Max Press Roughness Purchase Ratio Exponent deg F deg F psig ft $/ft (1 inch) Fittings 150 lb Carbon Steel -10 450 150 0.50 8 0. Add additional columns if necessary. SDR Sizes 0 200 150 0.50 8 0.50 8 0.50 8 0.Pipes Standard Specifications Modify this table to incorporate project.89 Spec Code Description A A3 B C CU D1 D2 F1 F2 F3 F4 G GL H1 H2 K L M Page 1 Size Table 2 2 2 8 6 15 14 9 10 11 12 13 7 16 17 3 4 5 .000005 $0.50 8 0. The column "Size Table" refers to the Pipe Specification Lookup Table section located below.75 5 1.000015 $4.000005 $4.000005 $4.000005 $4.3 125 lb Carbon Steel -10 450 125 0.89 PVDF-Lined Pipe.89 Copper Pipe -100 250 110 0.000005 $4.89 Teflon-Lined Pipe -20 500 170 0.75 5 1.50 8 0.

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