The right triangle with the largest area will be an isosceles right triangle (where both the base and height are of equal length). Therefore, given the length of diagonal AB = 10, we can determine the largest possible area of triangle ABE by making it an isosceles right triangle. That important side ratio is where the two 1's represent the two legs (the base and

the height) and represents the diagonal. Thus if we are to construct an isosceles right triangle with a diagonal of 10, then, using the side ratios, we can determine that each leg will have a length of .

Now, we can calculate the area of this isosceles right triangle:

Since an isosceles right triangle will yield the maximum possible area, we know that 25 is the maximum possible area of a right triangle with a diagonal of length 10. Therefore we are able to answer our original question: Is the area of triangle ABE greater than 25? NO it is not greater than 25, because the maximum area is 25. Since we can answer the question using Statement (2) alone, the correct answer is B. 2.

(1): 5z = 2, z = 2/5; 5z = 10, z = 2… NS (2): 3z = 2, z = 2/3; 3z = 6, z = 2… NS

(C) 3.Av ------------------150000 salarys are the ratio M/D = 5000 / 15000 = 1/3 the number of mangers and directors will be in the inverse ratio M / D = 3/1 so directors will be 25% always. 36. Managers Count = M For Directors . Concept of weighted averages 5000-------. √5. (1): x3 could be 11 or 27 or 97… so not a unique value . Salary Avg = m = (x-5000). WRONG!!! Imagine y = √3. What is the sum of the digits of the positive integer n where n < 99? (1) n is divisible by the square of y.Combining: Subtract the two: 2z = even – even = even… so z has to be an integer… if z is an integer and 5z is even. So y4 = 9 or 25 or 49 and y2 = 3 or 5 or 7 or 9 … so n may be divisible by 3 or 5 or 7 or 9 … we are not sure what the sum of the digits of n will be … suppose n = 21 or 25 … we get different answers for the sum of digits as 3 or 7… Not sufficient. 4. Answer E. 27. 81. (2) y4 is a two-digit positive odd integer. z has to be even. It seems that (1) and (2) combined are enough to solve this question: y could be only equal to 3 or -3 so n will be divisible by 9 … and 9. 18. Salary Avg = d = (x+15000). 63. Directors Count = D We have a clue in stmt that they are talking abt averages so lets substitute in the formula Avg (x) = {M(x-5000) + D(x+15000) } / (M+D) After solving the above eqn you will get a relationship between M and D and it is M/D =1/3 and hence the answer is C. Ans. Total avg of Manager and Director = x For Managers . √7. 5. etc. 90 … all have a sum of digits as 9 … so we have a unique answer. 45. 72. 54. 3.

it is necessary to solve for x under both possible conditions. (2) The total value of the $0.40.40. the total value of the $0.95 to make $4.29 stamps must also be a dollar amount that ends in 5 or 0.15 stamps must be a dollar amount that ends in 5 or 0 (in the units cents position).40. then the equation is the same as 2 + x = 3 and x = 1. If 2 + x is positive. (2) SUFFICIENT: Absolute value problems often -. 15 $0. x can be -1. So 10 $0. The only possibility is that 10 of each stamp are purchased. Ans.40. leaving $1. if we consider the equation |2 + x| = 3. In order for the total value of both stamps to equal $4.95 is not a multiple of $0. If x3 and x4 both are integers.15 -. SUFFICIENT. Clearly not a multiple of $0. For example. 0. 10). and 1. (C) 6.15 would be purchased. But if 2 + x is negative. (10.but not always -. X can be only 3. (100. For the case where x > 0: x = 3x – 2 -2x = -2 x=1 .29 stamps = $2. INSUFFICIENT. we have to consider the possibility that 2 + x is already positive and the possibility that 2 + x is negative.05 to make $4. 5).have multiple solutions because the expression within the absolute value bars can be either positive or negative even though the absolute value of the expression is always positive.29 stamps are purchased. 10 $0. then it must equal -3 (since |-3| = 3) and so 2 + x = -3 and x = -5.45. But $2. So in the present case. That would only occur if a multiple of 5 $0.no good. leaving $2. x cannot be irrational. (1) Any number of stamps could be purchased (5. (1) INSUFFICIENT: This expression provides only a range of possible values for x … x could have infinite values.50 to make $4. in order to determine the possible solutions for x. 100) etc. The correct answer is B. 7. therefore. leaving $0.(2): x4 could be 11 or 27 or 97… so not a unique value (also.15 -.35. x could be positive or negative) Combining: x4 = x3 × x.29 stamps = $4.29 stamps = $1. For example. 5 $0.no good.90.

ab is even. Ans. The correct answer is B. (2) SUFFICIENT: It is probably easiest to test numbers in this expression to determine whether it implies that b is odd or even. the answer to this question will be no. so the 8th term will be the median.ab) is even. one must be odd and one must be even. If median is 10. We can first simplify the exponential expression in the question: ba+1 – bab b(ba) .ab) odd? Notice that if either b or ba .32) = -2 even even It turns out that for both scenarios. Therefore.31) = -2 3 2 2(23 .ab) So we can rewrite this question then as is b(ba . we must consider two scenarios. x = 2 – 3x 4x = 2 x = 1/2 Note however. 7 terms will be less than the median and 7 terms will be more than the median. B 9. that the second solution x = 1/2 contradicts the stipulation that x < 0. the expression b(ba . This is an AP … common difference either positive or negative.b(ab) b(ba .ab) odd/even 3 1 1(13 .8. which we are told is odd. then we know that 7 terms are more than 10 and 7 terms are less than 10. There are 15 terms. Therefore 5a must be odd. therefore b must be even. b b3 + 3b2 + 5b + 7 odd/even 2 23 + 3(22) + 5(2)+ 7 = 37 1 13 + 3(12) + 5(1) + 7 = 16 odd even We can see from the two values that we plugged that only even values for b will produce odd values for the expression b3 + 3b2 + 5b + 7. To determine whether or not this is enough to dictate the even/oddness of the expression b(ba . hence there is no solution for x where x < 0. (1) SUFFICIENT: If we simplify this expression we get 5a . 8. For the difference of two numbers to be odd. one with an odd b and one with an even b: a b b(ba . x = 1 is the only valid solution for (2). which means that a itself must be odd.ab). Knowing that b .For the case when x < 0: x = -1(3x – 2) We multiply by -1 to make x equal a negative quantity.

Therefore. it's impossible to know anything about x! + x + 1. (2) INSUFFICIENT: Statement (2) says that x is even. Since we found one case that gives a prime and one case that gives a non-prime. and one that says it's not prime. statement (1) is NOT sufficient. statement (2) is NOT sufficient. it is not a prime number. since both of its terms are divisible by 3. and the number 8 gives a nonprime.ab). likewise. Note that since the question is Yes/No. x! + x is definitely divisible by x. There is no obvious way to rephrase this question. (1) and (2) INSUFFICIENT: since the number 2 gives a prime. Note that x! is divisible by all integers up to and including x. Now consider x = 8: 8! + (8 + 1) = (8 × 7 × 6 × 5 × 4 × 3 × 2 × 1) + 9. (2) Takeaway #1: when you plug numbers on a DS problem. This expression must be divisible by 3. so first we'll consider x = 2. Since we found one value that says it's prime. b(ba . 11. (1) INSUFFICIENT: Statement (1) says that x < 10. Now consider x = 3. Therefore. which is not prime. the best approach will be to test numbers. all you need to do to prove insufficiency is to find one Yes and one No. both statements taken together are still insufficient. is even so we have a definitive answer to the question. which is prime.is even tells us that the product in the question. However. EACH statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question. you should be TRYING to get a 'no' answer to go . 2! + (2 + 1) = 5. Therefore. The correct answer is D. YOUR GOAL IS TO PROVE THAT THE STATEMENT IS INSUFFICIENT. as soon as you get a 'yes' answer. 3! + (3 + 1) = 6 + (3 + 1) = 10. which is prime. so let's again consider x = 2: 2! + (2 + 1) = 5. The correct answer is E. 10.

So let's let z = 4 (so that z^2 = 16. First. This means that we have to make z^4 as big as possible.along with it. y = 1. z = -100. per this statement. which is pretty . so. Insufficient. we need z^2 to be less than this. This means that we have to make z^4 as big as possible. y = 1. but the deal is still to make z as big as possible while still obeying the criterion. while still obeying the criterion x^2 + y^2 > z^2. we have to finesse this one a bit. y = 1. z = 0. This means that we have to try for a 'no' answer. because z^2 would then still be a giant positive number (thwarting our efforts at obeying the criterion). per this statement. This means that we have to try for a 'no' answer. x + y > z (satisfying statement two). In this case. but x^4 + y^4 is clearly less than z^4. Statement (2) you need to pick numbers such that x + y > z. Statement (2) you need to pick numbers such that x^2 + y^2 > z^2. NO to the prompt question. Now remember: your goal is to prove that the statement is INSUFFICIENT. since 1^4 + 1^4 is indeed greater than 0^4. Fortunately. Then x^2 + y^2 = 18. this is somewhat simple to do: just make z a big negative number. and. as soon as you get a 'no' answer. we can't just make z a huge negative number. Unfortunately. you should be TRYING to get a 'yes' answer to go along with it. First. z = 0 (the same set of numbers we picked last time). Now remember: your goal is to prove that the statement is INSUFFICIENT. Let's let x and y randomly be 3 and 3. while still obeying the criterion x + y > z. since 1^4 + 1^4 is indeed greater than 0^4. pick a completely random set of numbers that does this: how about x = 1. pick a completely random set of numbers that does this: how about x = 1. this isn't as easy to do as it was last time. but still as big as possible. So. These numbers give a YES answer to the prompt question. Try x = 1. These numbers give a YES answer to the prompt question.

which is pushing the limit of the first one. insufficient. 3. and a small number for z. -3 and T = -2.e. for instance. that realization is the crux of this problem. then you WILL be able to PROVE that it is. z = 0. Insufficient Answer = e 12. . if S = -3. examples: if S = 2. since average = (sum) / (# of data points). for positive numbers. you'll never get a statement that's sufficient. In other words. but for which you can only figure that out by number plugging. Therefore. 2. the SUM is the same for each of the two sets. x^4 + y^4 = 162. Try to make Z as big as possible while still satisfying the criteria (i. and clearly give a YES answer. In this case. the average of S is less (2 vs. we need z^2 less than 18. the average of S is less (-3 vs. you're trying for a NO answer. It's obvious that you can get a YES answer to the question. the problem is that this doesn't mean that the average is lower. NO to the prompt question.. the average will be CLOSER TO ZERO if there are more data points. -2. but they are not so for negative numbers (for which the the greater number is actually closer to zero). and S has more integers. Takeaway #2: if a statement is sufficient. Let's let x = y = 3 then to satisfy both statements. x^4 + y^4 = 81 + 81 = 162.close). less than x^2 + y^2). and z less than 6. then just the opposite will occur. -2). these two concepts are the same. 2 and T = 3. -2. algebraically or with some other form of theory. So. Answer = e. you must realize that "greater" is NOT the same thing as "farther away from zero". all you have to do is take ridiculously big numbers for x and y. therefore. but z^4 = 256. We'll take z = 4. x = y = 100. then the sums are both -6. which is much less than z^4 = 256. 3). to get at the heart of this problem. With these numbers. if the sum is negative. giving a NO answer. then the sums are both 6. satisfy both statements. so. then.

i. together: insufficient as nothing extra is added.49 For (1+r/100)^2 > 1. If r ≤ 8.. Just be careful to pick APPROPRIATE numbers. Assume (1+r/100)^2 = 1. answer = (e). (1) gives us a unique answer … there is no need to calculate it though … whatever the answer. this problem contains sums and differences. we will get NO … if r > 8. 2 2. Notice that we're dealing with a fractional inequality. which. "bigger" and "smaller" numbers) –– this is important because of addition and subtraction. (2) 1. so (1) is insufficient. we will get YES. it will be either < 8 or = 8 or > 8 … in all the three situations we will get a confirmed YES or confirmed NO. From (1) above. CAN'T be multiplied by the common denominator (since we don't know the sign of that denominator). A 14.07^2 = 114. (2) is also insufficient. So (1) is sufficient.16 solving for 'r'. –1 . we get r = 12 (greater than 8) So clearly insufficient since we get 2 different answers for the scenarios mentioned. pick numbers.64 and 1. Ans.08^2 = 116. we get r < 8 2. 13.15 :1.e. so i would pick: * POSITIVES AND NEGATIVES (as allowed by the statements) * DIFFERENT RELATIVE SIZES (i. 1 1.44 solving for 'r'..e. worse yet. –2 2. for statement (1).and S has fewer integers. so. i would pick: 1. as well as sign considerations. Assume (1+r/100)^2 = 1. Therefore.

and try numbers across those categories. note that this is a lot of plug–ins. –1 –1. 0 for statement (2). but you don't wind up trying them all – you STOP as soon as you get "insufficient". there are two things that matter in this problem (as may be deduced from an inspection of the problem + experience with these sorts of things): 1. GMAT's answer is (E) this is a difficult problem. therefore. –1). and smaller or bigger (or the same) in magnitude. because it resists simple algebra. statement (1) x must be positive. because the sign of that denominator is unknown. if x = 1 and y = 2 ––> answer = NO if x = 2 and y = 1 ––> answer = NO if x = 1 and y = –2 ––> answer = NO if x = 2 and y = –1 ––> answer = YES . but y could be positive or negative. –1 0. you CANNOT multiply through by the denominator (x + y). positive vs. which are (1. you have to leave the problem as written (ugly as it may be). i would pick: 1. a fallback is to recognize the types of numbers that are important in the problem.1. the relative magnitudes of x and y let's try numbers across both of these categories. since there's no simple algebraic solution. –2 –2. negative 2. –2 2. –2) and (2. –1 for "together" i would look at the two common elements.

say. but x could be positive or negative. if x = –1 and y = –2 ––> answer = NO if x = –2 and y = –1 ––> answer = NO if x = 1 and y = –2 ––> answer = NO if x = 2 and y = –1 ––> answer = YES insufficient together x must be positive and y must be negative. statement (1) let's just PICK A WHOLE BUNCH OF NUMBERS WHOSE GCF IS 2 and watch what happens.] statement (2) y must be negative. this fact proves that the answer is E right now. then go on. and smaller or bigger (or the same) in magnitude.insufficient [at this point you could notice that the last two examples also satisfy statement 2. JUST PLUG IN NUMBERS. but the relative magnitudes can go any way (bigger/smaller/same) if x = 1 and y = –2 ––> answer = NO if x = 2 and y = –1 ––> answer = YES insufficient ans (e) 15. if you don't notice this (most students won't). and therefore satisfy statements 1 and 2 together. and you're done. 4 and 6 6 and 8 8 and 10 . let's try to make the numbers diverse.

. notice the numbers selected above: 5 and 6 --> remainder = 1 10 and 15 --> remainder = 5 > 1 insufficient. sufficient. therefore... since the numbers in question must be even. in fact. which is that they're all even. in all nine of these examples. i just thought of this. so it's greater than 1.10 and 12 . 4 and 10 6 and 14 6 and 16 8 and 18 8 and 22 . in fact. both m and p are even. ans (a) 16.. done. the remainder is even. especially as pertaining to the averages of such sets. the remainders are greater than 1. this is another problem about a topic that is one of the darlings of the test authors: namely. sets of consecutive integers. there is an obvious pattern. more ground-level approach to statement one: in statement 1. which is a much nicer. -statement (2) just pick various numbers whose lcm is 30. here is the fact that you absolutely must know about these sets: .

which also means that the sumof the elements in set s is 0 (by the fact above).7. which means that the median of both sets is 0/7 = 0/5 = 0. therefore. If x is +ve. both of them are the middle number (for a set with an odd # of numbers in it) or halfway between the two middle numbers (for a set with an even # of numbers in it). it's tempting to say 'sufficient' here. you should be ultra-aware of this relationship. those test writers. There are umpteen other examples. insufficient. -remember that average = sum / number of data points.they're the same) of the numbers in set s is X/5. the vast majority of problems about the sum of a set are really concerned with the average . Ex: Set S could be 5.7 & 8 and these sets have equal sums. but they aren't: in the singular case X = 0. sufficient. (1) is clearly insufficient. "the sum of these two sets(sets of consecutive integers) will be equal only when the sum is zero.5. mean or median) of the numbers in set t is X/7. the two will be identical. they are tricky.3. y is +ve . because at first glance X/5 and X/7 appear to be necessarily different.8 & 9 while Set T could be 2. (together) this tells us that X = 0. let 'X' stand for the sum of each of the sets. as we know nothing whatsoever about set t.and vice versa. take the time to interpret it: it says that the middle number of set s is 0. (2) using the fact above.6. 17. " is INCORRECT LOGIC.the mean and the median of a set of consecutive integers are the same. we have that the average (whether mean or median . and the average (again.6.4. still.

The correct answer is C. we cannot determine the value of y. then 3 – y = -11 y = 14 Since there are two possible values for y. Of the two possible values. Therefore. however. we must consider both the positive and negative values of the absolute value expression: If 3 – y > 0. 19. We can. x + |x| = 0 For 2. (1) INSUFFICIENT: Since this equation contains two variables. noticed that y is an integer. y is 0 If x is 0. 3|x2 – 4| must be greater than or equal to 0. This does not allow us to determine whether n/18 is an integer. We can come up with one example where 5n/18 is an integer and where n/18 is NOT an integer.If x is –ve. (2) INSUFFICIENT: To solve this equation for y. (1) AND (2) SUFFICIENT: Statement (1) tells us that y is greater than or equal to 2. Answer is D 18. then 3 – y = 11 y = -8 If 3 – y < 0. note that the absolute value expression |x2 – 4| must be greater than or equal to 0. So y is not negative For 1. which in turn means that y – 2 must be greater than or equal to 0. x < 0. and statement (2) tells us that y = -8 or 14. Let's first look at an example where 5n/18 is equal to the integer 1. only 14 is greater than or equal to 2. We can come up with another example where 5n/18 is an integer and where n/18 IS an integer. y only can be 0. this statement is insufficient. then y > 2. (1) INSUFFICIENT: We are told that 5n/18 is an integer. y is 0. . If y – 2 > 0. y<1. Therefore. the two statements together tell us that y must equal 14.

x or y could be zero. n = (18/5)*integer. 20. Thus. (1) AND (2) SUFFICIENT: If 5n/18 and 3n/18 are both integers. Another way to understand this solution is to note that according to (1). x could be either positive or negative. The least common multiple of these two numbers is 18. This tells us n is a multiple of 6. Statement (1) is NOT sufficient. the correct answer is C. we can only determine that x is not equal to zero. If 3n/18 is equal to the integer 1. write 6 = 30/5. In this case n/18 IS an 3 integer. This question cannot be rephrased since it is already in a simple form. there are still two possibilites for x: x could be positive (y is zero). then n/18 is NOT an integer. x must be negative (|y| is never negative). In this case n/18 is NOT an integer. . and according to (2). The LCM of the numerators 18 and 30 is 90. n is a multiple of both 18/5 and 6. (2) INSUFFICIENT: By telling us that the expression x · |y| is not a positive number. we know that it must either be negative or zero. the difference of 5n/18 and 3n/18 will also be integer (integer – integer = integer) So 5n/18 – 3n/18 = 2n/18 = n/9 = integer… n is a multiple of 9… So n is a multiple of both 6 and 9… so n is a multiple of 18. then n/18 IS an integer. then n 18 = . In other words. n = 6*integer.5n If 18 = 1. 5n If 18 = 15. However if the expression is zero. (1) AND (2) INSUFFICIENT: We know from statement 1 that x cannot be zero. Again. In order to see this. however. If the expression is negative. or x could be negative (y is anything). (2) INSUFFICIENT: We can use the same reasoning for Statement (2) that we did for statement (1). Therefore. (1) INSUFFICIENT: Since x2 is positive whether x is negative or positive. Let's next look at an example where 5n/18 is equal to the integer 15. the LCM of the fractions is 90/5 = 18. The correct answer is E. If 3n/18 is equal to the integer 9. then n 18 = 1 5 .

The first 14 terms can be 130 each and the 15th term can be a large number so that the average is 150. then x^2 < 2x < 1/x (so 1 is possible) If x = 0.5. These can obviously both be satisfied at the same time. In order to solve the question easier. I. The first part gives 2x<x^2 or x>2. So II and III are not necessarily correct.9. 000 to 15.3 > 16. The second half gives x^2<1/x or x^3<1 or . E 23. the greatest possible value of sum of eight prices that no more than median is 13*8=104. Answer: only I must be true. we simplify the numbers such as 150. or x<1. so (1) works. the least value of sum of other seven homes that greater than median is (15*15-104) /7 = 17. Therefore. Initially water = 99.21. and so on. which should be 2% and the remaining water should be 98% Suppose x amount of water has evaporated So we have Solid/Water = 2/98 or 1/(99-x) = 2/98 or x = 50. then x^2 < 1/x < 2x (so 2 is possible) (1) x^2<2x<1/x This means that x^2<2x so divide by x to get x<2. Median is 13. The second half gives you 1/x<2x or 1<2(x^2) or x>1/sqrt(2).1. For I. 130. so. (3) 2x<x^2<1/x. The second one tells you that 2x<1/x which simplifies to x < 1/sqrt(2). Ans. (2) x^2<1/x<2x This means that x^2<1/x which gives x^3<1. It's true. If x = 0.000 to 13. So any number that satisfies 1/sqrt(2)<x<1 will work. solid = 1… Now solid = 1. 22.

Short-cut: The area of two similar figures will be in the ratio of squares of sides. 20. THIS IS AN 800 LEVEL PROBLEM. So the best guess answer is 16/9. 5 MULTIPLIED by 4 = 12. The Answer choice is (4). so these are the correct combinations. 4. we may make 3. 1 and 2 only 24. Innovative approach: Imagine right angled triangle with sides 12. (3) can not be satisfied. Now let’s check the perimeter.x<1. 4. As the smallest right triangle is 3. Innovative Approach . 16. 12. Since the regions x>2 and x<1 do not overlap. 15… and 3. Area ratio = (L1/L2)2 = (4/3)2 = 16/9. 5… and 12 is a multiple of 3 and 4 both. 4. 16 + 9 + 20 + 15 = 60. 25. 5 MULTIPLIED by 3 = 9.

Thus the average of the two bases is . The top base.We can use the Pythagorean Theorem to see the ED = 9. Multiplying this average by the height yields the area of the trapezoid: The correct answer is D. we can use the Pythagorean theorem to see the ED = 9. CD. The area of a trapezoid is equal to the average of the two bases multiplied by the height. from this we can deduce that CE = FD. Detailed Solution: By sketching a drawing of trapezoid ABDC with the height and diagonal drawn in. AB. meaning that AC = BD. . . The bottom base. We also know that ABDC is an isosceles trapezoid. 12*9 = 108. or 9 – x. Imagine that the left triangle were to be shifted and made the way it is mentioned in the diagram below: then we just have to find the area of the rectangle with sides 12 and 9… ans. a value we will call x. is the same as CE + ED. is the same as ED – FD. or x + 9.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful