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Century Anglo-Irish poet, author and physician. For the Canadian poet of the 19th Century, see Oliver Goldsmith (Canadian poet). For other people named Goldsmith, see Goldsmith (disambiguation). Oliver Goldsmith Portrait 1769-70 by Joshua Reynolds Born November 10, 1730 (disputed) Either Ballymahon, County Longford, Ireland or Elphin, County Roscommon, Ireland April 4, 1774 (aged 43) London, Great Britain Author, playwright, poet, apothecary's assistant, busker English Irish B.A. Trinity College, Dublin The Club The Vicar of Wakefield, "The Deserted Village", The Good-Natur'd Man, She Stoops to Conquer
Resting place Temple Church, London Occupation Language Nationality Education Alma mater Literary movement Notable work(s)
Oliver Goldsmith (10 November 1730 ± 4 April 1774) was an Anglo-Irish writer, poet and physician known for his novel The Vicar of Wakefield (1766), his pastoral poem The Deserted Village (1770) (written in memory of his brother), and his plays The Good-Natur'd Man (1768) and She Stoops to Conquer (1771, first performed in 1773). He also wrote An History of the Earth and Animated Nature. He is thought to have written the classic children's tale The History of Little Goody Two-Shoes, the source of the phrase "goody two-shoes".
 Biography Goldsmith's birth date and year are not known with certainty. According to the Library of Congress authority file, he told a biographer that he was born on 29 November 1731, or perhaps in 1730. Other sources have indicated 10 November, on any year from 1727 to 1731. 10 November 1730 is now the most commonly accepted birth date. The location of his birthplace is also uncertain. He was born either in the townland of Pallas, near Ballymahon, County Longford, Ireland, where his father was the Anglican curate of the parish of Forgney,
County Roscommon where his grandfather Oliver Jones was a clergyman and master of the Elphin diocesan school. and set out on a walking tour of Flanders. During this period he used the pseudonym "James Willington" (the name of a fellow student at Trinity) to publish his 1758 translation of the autobiography of the Huguenot Jean Marteilhe. He settled in London in 1756. and She Stoops to Conquer. tried various professions without success.or at the residence of his maternal grandparents. The Good-Natur'd Man. with whom he was a founding member of "The Club". 'A literary party at Sir Joshua Reynolds's'. between Athlone and Ballymahon. also in Westminster Abbey with an epitaph  written by Samuel Johnson. He lived for a short time with his mother. including an apothecary's assistant and an usher of a school. at the Smith Hill House in the diocese of Elphin. they used this fictional . Dublin. where he briefly held various jobs. Goldsmith produced a massive output as a hack writer for the publishers of London. Neglecting his studies in theology and law. Goldsmith's father was appointed the rector of the parish of "Kilkenny West" in County Westmeath. and continued to live there until his father's death in 1747. studied medicine desultorily at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Leiden. Purportedly written by a Chinese traveler in England named Lien Chi. France. he fell to the bottom of his class. His premature death in 1774 may have been partly due to his own misdiagnosis of his kidney infection. In 1744 Goldsmith went up to Trinity College. but without the discipline or distinction that might have gained him entry to a profession in the church or the law. a congenial but impetuous and disorganised personality who once planned to emigrate to America but failed because he missed his ship. "HERE LIES/OLIVER GOLDSMITH". There is a monument to him in the center of Ballymahon. Goldsmith was buried in Temple Church. his education seemed to have given him mainly a taste for fine clothes. singing Irish airs and playing the flute. playing cards. His tutor was Theaker Wilder. He was graduated in 1749 as a Bachelor of Arts. Perennially in debt and addicted to gambling. Switzerland and Northern Italy. The inscription reads. living by his wits (busking with his flute). but his few painstaking works earned him the company of Samuel Johnson. The family moved to the parsonage at Lissoy. Goldsmith was described by contemporaries as prone to envy. The combination of his literary work and his dissolute lifestyle led Horace Walpole to give him the epithet inspired idiot.  Use a cursor to see who is who. When he was two years old.  The Citizen of the World In 1760 Goldsmith began to publish a series of letters in the Public Ledger under the title The Citizen of the World.  Works See The Vicar of Wakefield.
" Angelina spurns many wooers. published in 1770. he did indicate it was about 50 miles (80 km) from London and it is widely believed to have been Nuneham Courtenay in Oxfordshire. His poem The Deserted Village. sympathetic demeanor toward other people.  The Deserted Village In the 1760s Goldsmith witnessed the demolition of an ancient village and destruction of its farms to clear  land to become a wealthy man's garden.6 km) away to make the park for his  newly built Nuneham House. The Vicar of Wakefield." Edwin disappears and becomes a hermit. Burchell in Chapter 8 of Goldsmith's novel. a youth without wealth or power. The poem is notable for its interesting portrayal of a hermit. and the lovers never part again. However. not recognizing him. One day. An Elegy on the Death of a Mad Dog was published in 1766. The hero and heroine are Edwin. however. In keeping with eremitical tradition.  Other works The ironic poem.  Memorials concerning Oliver Goldsmith . Edwin then reveals his true identity. but refuses to make plain her love for young Edwin. Edwin the Hermit claims to "spurn the [opposite] sex. which Simon Harcourt. expresses a fear that the destruction of villages and the conversion of land from productive agriculture to ornamental landscape gardens would ruin the peasantry. The Deserted Village gave the demolished village the pseudonym "Sweet Auburn" and Goldsmith did not disclose the real village on which he based it.outsider's perspective to comment ironically and at times moralistically on British society and manners. 1st Earl Harcourt had demolished and moved 1 mile (1." This poem appears under the title of "A Ballad" sung by the character of Mr. Angelina turns up at his cell in boy's clothes and. baron de Montesquieu. "Quite dejected with my scorn. the daughter of a lord "beside the Tyne. and Angelina. Goldsmith is also thought to have written the classic children's tale The History of Little Goody TwoShoes. tells him her story. It was inspired by the earlier essay series Persian Letters by Charles de Secondat.  The Hermit Goldsmith wrote this romantic ballad of precisely 160 lines in 1765. who is fond of the natural world and his wilderness solitude but maintains a gentle.
physician. Goldsmith¶s rise from total obscurity was a matter of only a few years. He worked as an apothecary¶s assistant.A statue of Goldsmith at Trinity College. His name has been given to a new lecture theatre and student accommodation on the Trinity College campus: Goldsmith Hall. and unreliable. and above all in his Chinese Letters. Soon he emerged as an essayist. and readable style. A statue of him stands at the Front Arch of Trinity College. school usher. soon noticed by booksellers and the public. loveliest village on the plain. a minor work. lively. Somerset Maugham used the last line from An Elegy On The Death Of A Mad Dog in his novel The Painted Veil (1925). These essays were first published in the journal The<script . It remains amazing that this young Irish vagabond. In the play Marx In Soho by Howard Zinn. that his fellow literary hacks did not possess²the gift of a graceful. Alabama and Auburn University were named for the first line in Goldsmith's poem: "Sweet Auburn. His rise began with the Enquiry into the Present State of Polite Learning in Europe (1759). Much of his work was for Ralph Griffiths¶s Monthly Review. Auburn. unlearned. Such a rise was possible because Goldsmith had one quality. London between 1771±1774 and the Oliver Goldsmith Primary School there is named after him. was yet able within a few years to climb from obscurity to mix with aristocrats and the intellectual elite of London.' There is a statue in Ballymahon County Longford. in The Bee and other periodicals. and as a hack writer²reviewing. unknown. The character Walter Fane's last words are The dog it was that died. The Deserted  Village. London Underground locomotive number 16 (used on the Metropolitan line of the London Underground until 1962) was named Oliver Goldsmith. Marx makes a reference to Goldsmiths' poem. uncouth. Dublin. Goldsmith lived in Kingsbury. translating. and compiling." Auburn is still referred to as the 'loveliest village on the plains. Dublin.
and Burke. Edmund Burke. shocked and charmed²Samuel Johnson. These were mainly compilations of works by other authors.com/addyn/3. Esq. Already Goldsmith was acquiring those distinguished and often helpful friends whom he alternately annoyed and amused. Some of these makeshift compilations went on being reprinted well into the 19th century. however. The same year brought his Life of Richard Nash. Goldsmith could now afford to live more comfortably. Johnson.kvtopicid=237932. which met weekly for supper and talk. of Bath. Sir Joshua Reynolds.kvqsegs=D.misc=1311434940180"></script> Public Ledger and were collected as The Citizen of the World in 1762.grp=863. and James Boswell. translations.key =false. The obscure drudge of 1759 became in 1764 one of the nine founder-members of the famous Club.target=_blank. a select body. He thus produced histories of England and of ancient Rome and Greece. David Garrick. verse anthologies. and works of popular science.1/1371312/0/170/ADTECH. Thomas Percy.src="http://adserver. but his extravagance continually ran him into debt. including Reynolds. and he was forced to undertake more hack work.0/5308. biographies. .adtechus. which Goldsmith then distilled and enlivened by his own gift for fine writing.
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