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Bhagavad-gita Overview - Homework Answers Chapter 1
1.Significance of the names of the Lord: a) Acyuta: means infallible. Arjuna calls Krsna as Acyuta because He never fails in His affection for His devotees. Although He is the Supreme Lord, He accepts the subordinate position of charioteer in order to serve His devotee. At the same time He is also the supreme Lord (does not fall from His position). (1.21-22) b) Govinda: means object of pleasure for the cows and the senses. Arjuna calls Krsna by this name to indicate that Krsna should understand what will satisfy his senses (because he wants Krsna to satisfy his senses). (1.32,35) c) Madhava: means the husband of the goddess of fortune. Arjuna addresses Krsna as "Madhava" to point out that, as the husband of the goddess of fortune, He should not induce Arjuna to take up a matter which would ultimately bring about misfortune. (1.36) d) Hrsikesa: means owner and controller of all senses including the mind. Sanjaya uses this word for Krsna in verse 1.15. The significance is that being the controller and knower of the mind, He knows what is in Arjuna’s mind. (1.15,24) 2.Vikarna (before Gita was spoken, on Kaurava’s side; later joined the Pandava’s army.), Krpacarya, Jayadratha, Krtavarma, Bhurisrava, Somadatta. 3.Six kinds of aggressors: a poison giver, one who sets fire to the house, one who attacks with deadly weapons, one who plunders another’s riches, one who occupies another’s land, and one who kidnaps another’s wife. 4. Any two of these (or expansion of these): a) By calling Dhrstadyumna as "Drupada-putrena", in order to make sure that Dronacarya would not be lenient this time with the Pandavas. b) He mentioned all the great heroes from the Pandava’s side so that Dronacarya would take the war seriously (he says all of them are equal in fighting to Bhima and Arjuna). c) While mentioning the names of great heroes from his side, he first mentioned the name of Dronacarya even before Bhisma, who was eldest (because by mentioning the name of a brahmana before mentioning the name of a ksatriya is acceptable etiquette). d) He further mentioned the name of Krpacarya (Dronacarya’s brother-in-law) and Asvatthama (Dronacarya’s son) as chief captains. e) He mentioned the name of Vikarna (Duryodhana’s youngest brother), although he was not a maharathi, in order to inspire him to fight from his side (because he was the only one from Kaurava’s side who opposed the incident of disrobing Draupadi). f) He said, “There are many other heroes who are prepared to lay down their lives for my sake, well equipped with weapons and experienced in military science.” g) He used the word "aparyaptam" diplomatically, to inspire both Bhisma and Dronacarya (Bhisma took the meaning to be “immeasureable” and he felt satisfied, whereas Dronacarya took the meaning to be “insufficient”, hence Kaurava’s victory depends on his valor). h) He asked everyone to support and protect Bhisma from all sides, as he is old, and also the enemy can take advantage of his being engaged in fighting at one place. i) He inspired his army by saying that their strength is immeasurable and well protected by Bhisma, whereas the strength of the Pandavas is limited, under the protection of Bhima.
5. Killing of elders [which may mean a) killing physically, b) not properly respecting them, or c) if the elders get involved (if they kill themselves spiritually due to their weakness) in sense gratification] ê leads to destruction of family or dynasty. ê thus eternal family tradition is vanquished. ê family members become involved in irreligion, ê women become degraded (due to lack of proper protection and engagement), ê unwanted children are born (resulting in cessation of offering oblations to the forefathers, who then fall down), ê all kinds of community projects and family welfare activities are devastated, ê thus bringing about chaos in society (as we see in present society). 6.a) 2; b) 6; c) 7; d) 8; e) 11; f) 4; g) 5; h) 12; i) 10; j) 9,11 (Vyasadeva is also grandfather of Duryodhana, as Bhisma is. Bhisma’s father, Santanu (Bhisma is the son of Mother Ganges)‚ married Satyavati, who is the mother of Vyasadeva).
and because of this. .7.55) b) How does he speak and what is his language (how are his mentality and words affected by dealings of others)? (2. è which leads to delusion. 5.6-7) 2.a) Small well and reservoir of water: (2.7-8) c) Destruction of family will result. Similarly the senses of the Krsna conscious person are used only for some particular purpose in the service of the Lord. 4.13.67) As a strong wind sweeps away a boat on the water. è which leads to lust (a very deep longing. (1. understanding Krsna). è one develops attachment for them (the feeling stage). b) 2. è which leads to bewilderment of memory.3 Chapter 2 1. k) 2.46) A reservoir of water can easily fulfill the purpose of a small well. d) Boat on water: (2. 2. similarly one who understands the purposes of the Vedas can understand the goal of the Vedas. a Krsna conscious person may experience so many material desires.11. When lust is satisfied.5963) d) How does he walk (how does he engage his senses)? (2. c) Ocean: (2.3.47. even one of the roaming senses on which the mind focuses can carry away a man’s intelligence. e) 2.58) The tortoise can at any moment retract his limbs and exhibit them again at any time for a particular purpose. Similarly.29. è When lust is unsatisfied. 2.71-72 (also 66 related to the topic) 3. it results in anger. 2. but he remains unagitated due to being happy in the service of the Lord.37-43) d) Saintliness and fear of sinful reactions for destroying the family & society and killing superiors. j) 2. one whose consciousness is merged in transcendence. (1.12. h) 2.44-45. (2. (2. 2.3135. 2. 2.11. In other words.34.56-57) c) How does he sit (what is his mentality when his senses are restrained from their objects)? (2. i) 2.a) 2 . especially superiors like Bhisma and Drona. è and then one falls down into gross material existence. otherwise they are withdrawn.28) b) He will not be able to enjoy the kingdom if it is won at the cost of the lives of his relatives.28. kinsmen and relatives.(1. because he engaged all of his senses.45.26. è which leads to loss of intelligence. it is like adding fuel to a fire. which will bring irreligion and destruction of family tradition.2-3. which makes gratification unavoidable: the willing stage). all purposes served by a small well can at once be served by a great reservoir of water. mind and intelligence in the service of the Lord. which may mean positively or negatively).Arjuna askes four questions about sthita-prajna. Similarly. They are as follows (and Lord Krsna responds in the verses indicated): a) What are his symptoms (how is his position revealed)? (2. 2. yet it always remains unagitated and never overflows.40. f) 2.27.Maharaja Ambarisa was a sthita-prajna.64-71) 6.42-43. increasing the passion. The women will become polluted and thus unwanted progeny will be produced. he could remain tolerant to all of Durvasa Muni’s injustices to him. b) Tortoise: (2. c) 2. all the purposes of the Vedas can be served by one who knows the purpose behind them (namely. l) 2.a) Out of compassion for his own friends.By contemplation of the objects of the senses (the thinking stage.70) The ocean is constanly being filled with water from many rivers.33-36. g) 2. d) 2.5) e) Indecision whether to conquer the opposite party or be conquered by them.
b) Performance of yajna è eatables sanctified è existence purified è finer tissues in memory purified and thus memory get sanctified è one thinks of liberation èKrsna consciousness. in the same way.41. then it becomes spiritual intelligence) ê soul. one should.13. h) 3. but when it is connected to supersoul. he will be helping them change their bodies.40) the senses (weakest zone of lust).36) Arjuna inquired by what one is impelled to sinful acts. mind and intelligence). as mirror is covered by dust (birds and beasts).23. his eternal love for Krsna is transformed into lust. i. Arjuna considered buddhi yoga something like retirement from active life and practice of austerities in a secluded place. Origin of lust: (3.39-72) the Lord glorified buddhi-yoga.31-32. Lord Krsna replied that since the soul is active by nature. He asked Arjuna to fight either as fruitive work or detached work.a) 3.a) Living bodies è food grain è rains è performance of yajna è prescribed dutiesè Vedas è Lord. when in contact with sour tamarind.(3. Lord Krsna. as the soul cannot be killed. The soul is always in knowledge but he is covered as the sun is coverd by the clouds) b) 3. Then in verses 31-38.3. (exept for the soul.22. the eternal sense of love of God becomes transformed into lust when the living entity comes in contact with the mode of passion.41.4 Chapter 3 1. one can control the mind). engaging intelligently in Krsna’s service. renunciation of work (jnana yoga).3. as fire cannot be extinguished by constant supply of fuel. 22.214.171.124.Arjuna was confused by equivocal instructions of Krsna.20. i) 3. over the senses. .3.29. in association with the mode of passion.43) Lust. c) Lust is like fire. 3.33. How to conquer the lust: (3. e) 3. 6. After engaging one’s senses in the service of the Lord.9. which cannot be satisfied by the constant supply of sense enjoyment. d) 3.26. Sitting places of lust: (3. 4.16. the intelligence. among which detached work is better. f) 3. g) 3. as if by force. Therefore Arjuna could not understand how he could fight and still act in buddhi-yoga. the mind (main center of lust and its strongest zone). ii.a) Covering of lust: i. 2.25 (indirectly. 3. as embryo is covered by the womb (trees and plants). c) 3. is inferior to performing one’s prescribed duties with knowledge and detachment (niskama karma or karma-yoga). j) 3. the destroyer of jnana (material knowledge) and vijnana (spiritual or realized knowledge) should first be controlled by regulating the senses by engaging them in Krsna’s service (following four regulative principles and 64 items of devotional service). b) Just as milk is transformed into yogurt. iii. d) Dull matter ê senses (because bodily action means the functions of the body) ê sense objects (from Katha Upanisad. quoted in the purport) ê mind ê intelligence (this is material intelligence.e. in Chapter 2. first explained the eternal nature of the soul and said that Arjuna will not be killing the other warriors. this material creation. as fire is covered by smoke (human life). all are material. by deliberate spiritual intelligence (understanding properly the higher position of soul.21. steady (or control or fix) the mind in the Lord’s service (as per ch. if one’s heart is not yet clean. Rather. Thereafter (3. even unwillingly. by suitable practice of devotional service and detachment from matter.24). 3.3.37 verse & purport) When a living entity comes in contact with the material creation.20.
who are suffering because of separation from Him.4. 2)-D. 4)-A. g) Non-envious of Krsna (anasuyave). (4. 2. e) • By misinterpretation of verses • by deletion or rejection of some portion • by whimsical participation or speculation. a) Analogy of boat. g) 4. h) Satisfaction of the self-realized spiritual master.Krsna appears: a) To deliver the pious b) To annihilate the miscreants c) To reestablish the principles of religion. (4.a) Through a bonafide spiritual master in parampara.35) • attains supreme spiritual peace. (4.13. (4. b) The chain of disciplic succession was broken by the influence of time. n) 4.14) • one does not take birth again in this material world. j) 4.18. i) Blind following and absurd inquiries are condemned. Manu (Vaivasvata). f) Arjuna was most qualified to hear. l) 4. (4.36) • never fall again into such illusion.10) l) One who is faithful and dedicated to this transcendental knowledge and subdues his senses. 1)-C. 3)-F.10. (4. m) 4. i) 4. b) 4. c) The sun-god (Vivasvan).30. 3. knows he is an eternal servant of Krsna. and is not bound by work.9. (4. d) The saintly kings (rajarsis) and devotees. k) 4. has no doubts. e) 4. he was Krsna’s devotee and His friend.16.33.40. h) 4. k) • fire of knowledge.5 Chapter 4 1. 5.a) 4. j) Inquiring submissively and rendering service. d) 4.9) • one attains transcendental love for Krsna.37) • By the help of this boat of transcendental knowledge.15) • does not become entangled in the fruitive reaction of work.9) • one achieves Krsna’s abode. m) One who is successfully working in transcendental knowledge: desires no fruits. 4. f) 4.) Main reason for His appearance: to mitigate the anxieties of His pure devotees. 5)-E.32. burns to ashes all reactions to material activities. (4.19-22.4.39) • attains liberation. b) Analogy of fire. 6)-B.11. Iksvaku. (He descends whenever and wherever there is a decline in religious practice and a predominant rise of irreligion. c) 4.12.14. c) Analogy of weapon . (4.31.
In sankhya one finds the ultimate cause and goal as being Visnu (like finding the root of the tree). However. Examples: 5. 126.96.36.199) • one who controls his mind and senses. he gets the reaction. 6. In actuality karma yoga and Sankhya are the same path.7) • one whose intelligence.10. (5.Symptoms of self-realized soul are already given in the question.Verses talking about this: in Chapter 5.24. (5. 5. f) 5. . e) 5.6. Paramatma. and the modes of nature carry it out. (5. Main symptoms: • one who works in devotion.Peace formula: To know that Krsna is: a) the Supreme controller.15).18.24. intelligence. d) 5. to offer the results of all one’s activities to Him.19.11. whereas in devotional service one directly get attached to the Lord (detachment from matter occurs simultaneously).12: One who works in devotion.7. b) 5. 5. 188.8.131.52.19: Those whose minds are established in sameness and equanimity. 5.3: One who neither hates nor desires the fruits of his activities and who is free from all dualities.3.21.21-22. a) 5.12. 4. mind. Even when the modes influence someone.23) • one who sees all living entities on the spiritual basis and bestows mercy on everyone.13-14. but two different stages. Sankhya is a two-step method involving first detachment from matter and then attachment to the Lord. (5. devotional service is better in the sense that it is easier than Sankhya and it is safer because the senses are properly engaged and theree is less chance of falldown.17) • one who tolerates the urges of material senses and checks the forces of desire and anger (5. therefore He is not responsible for any reactions (5.16: Those who are enlightened by knowledge. g) 5.17. 2.27-28.17.29. texts 3.17: One whose mind. By following either of the two one achieves the result of both. does not interfere with the minute independence of the living entity.4). who is a pure soul and who controls his mind and senses. paramatma sanctions it according to the soul’s qualification . Since the living entity caused the action by desiring it. which will naturally follow if one is successful in searching after Him. c) Supersoul. 5.In every action there are three doers involved --a) living entity. b) material nature.6 Chapter 5 1.26. faith and refuge are all fixed in the Supreme.Devotional service (karma yoga) is non-differentt from Sankhya in the sense that they have the same result (5. The soul desires the action. being neutral. still they leave room for him to choose a specific action within the range of the modes.25.20.18) Other relevant verses in this chapter: 3. c) 5. b) the Supreme proprietor and c) the Supreme benefactor (our best well-wishing friend) and thus knowing all these.10.7. faith & refuge are all fixed on the Supreme. whereas in karma yoga one engages in the service of Visnu (like watering the root).
(Hatha-yoga is lower part of astanga-yoga. it is called bhaktiyoga. (As the mind dictates). although he is attached to sense gratification. no meat-eating. no gambling. up to pranayama.pratyahara to samadhi. the Supreme Lord. yoga begins when we come to know about the Supreme Lord and make Him our ultimate goal of life (as Brahman.-. From 6. the Supreme person).7 Chapter 6 1. When the linking process (yoga) is predominantly fruitive activities (either attached or detached from the fruit of the work) it is called karma-yoga. becomes the ultimate goal of life. Attachment to the fruit of one’s work and attachment to the work itself are characteristic of the person under the lower modes of passion and ignorance. Niskama-karma-yoga: He is detached from the fruit of his work (if his goal is bhakti-yoga then he offers the result to Krsna. Mind absorbed in sense objects is the cause of bondage (unconquered mind is ë ä realization Brahman realization (jnana yoga) ä ã ì Paramatma (astanga yoga) .Yoga: the process of linking oneself with the Supreme. and the mind is fixed on Him. mind is the cause of bondage and mind is the cause of liberation.47p: Yoga actually means bhakti-yoga.47p) When jnana-yoga increases in meditation on the Supersoul by different processes. Work (engaging the body) is said to be the means. Paramatma or Bhagavan). They don’t follow any scriptural injunctions and their goal is to enjoy the material life in their own whimsical way. it is called astanga yoga. sleeping. Their goal is to enjoy in this life and in the next life (taking birth in heavenly planets in order to enjoy heavenly pleasures). mating and defending.) 2.no illicit sex. Karma-yoga (sakama or niskama) Yoga begins here. When astanga yoga increases in loving devotional relationship with the Lord. (6. Karma-kanda: is for civilized human beings who follow the scriptural injunctions to fulfill their material desires. Sakama karma yoga: The difference between sakama karma-yogi and karma-kandi is that the former knows about the Supreme Lord and makes Him the ultimate goal of life. The beginning stage of the yoga-ladder is called yogaruruksa stage. no intoxication.i) Need of controlling the mind: (p. where cessation of all material activities is said to be the means (they engage in spiritual activities). namely. Raja-yoga is upper part of astangayoga . Animal life: human beings are uncivilized when their only concern is about the four basic activities. 313) “For man. The highest stage is called yogaruddha stage. when Krsna. Still he has attachment for the nature of the work. all other yogas are progression towards the destination of bhakti-yoga. eating. Different stages of yoga ladder: Bhagavan realization (bhakti-yoga) é é é ì niskama karma yoga é sakama karma yoga (beginning of yoga) é karma-kanda (civilized human beings) é animal life (uncivilized human beings) Among civilized human beings.46p) When karma-yoga increases in knowledge and renunciation (jnana & vairagya). that stage is called jnana-yoga. (6. They follow varnasrama-dharma and follow the regulative principles.
h) 46-47 . He revives his Krsna consciousness from his previous life and endeavors for complete success. 2. 4.] a) Verse 35. For one whose mind is unbridled. but if the mind is not under control. 4. (6. d) 8-9.35p) 3. or if fortunate (or more advanced).5-6) Or. Mind should be fixed on the self or Supreme alone (as self-realization and realization of the Lord go side by side) and should think of nothing else. Abandon all material desires and control all the senses on all sides by the mind. after long period of practice: (verse 42) He takes a rare birth directly (without going to heavenly planets) in a family of transcendentalists who are surely great in wisdom and thus he receives spiritual impetus from the very beginning of his life. From wherever the mind wanders due to its flickering and unsteady nature one must certainly withdraw it and bring it back under the control of the self. Engage in yoga with determination and faith. 5.34p) ii) Lord Krsna’s instruction on controlling the mind: [a) & b) 4 constitute the main part of the answer.4.a) mind and sense control.Unsuccessful yogi. After short practice: He takes birth in the heavenly planets and after many years of enjoyment there. f) 33-34. (6. and mind detached from sense objects is the cause of liberation (conquered mind is our greatest friend). c) 7. a) 1-2.” (Amrita-bindu Upanisad & Bg 6.(6. Intelligence is supposed to direct the mind. mind and self in relation to Krsna (or engage them in relationship with the Supreme). 3. This treatment is the process of Krsna consciousness.25. e) accept favorable and reject unfavorable conditions.36) Or. b) free from desire and feelings of possessiveness.8 our greatest enemy). he is born into a family of rich aristorcracy. into a family of righteous brahmanas or into a Vaisnava family. do not be deviated from the path. b) 5-6. self-realization is difficult work. g) 35. 26: some other suitable practices.6p. 1. c) he lives alone in a secluded place (or in the holy dhama). See Q5 (g) (main part of the answer) b) Verses 24. e) 20-23. it will dictate to the intelligence and will serve the senses rather than Krsna (thus remaining our greatest enemy). iii) Srila Prabhupada says that hearing about Krsna’s transcendental activities is expert treatment for the mad mind and eating foodstuff offered to Krsna is the appropriate diet for the suffering patient. f) make the Supreme the ultimate goal of life. d) he should fix his body.
10.6. the pure devotees of the Lord. (7.23.he who is searching for knowledge of Absolute ( jnana-misra devotees). son of Vasudeva) 26.30.foolish.21.13. devoid of passion and desire. best quote first) 7. the strength. 29. Krsna).a) 1. Differences of results of demigod worship and worship of Krsna: a) • Demigod worshippers get temporary material benefit mainly for sense gratification.a) tat srnu: meaning: try to hear that (from Me. artha-arthi . 4. d) 23.the inquisitive (karma-jnana misra devotee).21.24.) b) • Worshipper of demigod goes to the planet of the respective demigod (still in the material world). Two things the Lord does for the demigod worshippers: 1) Krsna endows the demigod worshippers with steady faith in a particular demigod. intelligence and false ego. significance: in Chapter 6.25.19 (Vasudevah.14 (The Lord is never under maya or the modes).those of demoniac principles. Among those pious men (the magnanimous souls) who begin to render devotional service. • Worshipper of Krsna gets his material desires (if any) fulfilled and simultaneously the purification of his heart takes place. The devotee becomes very dear to the Lord because his only purpose is to serve the Supreme Lord with love and devotion. asuram bhavam asritah . 13.12. That devotional service has nine processes. naradhamas lowest among mankind.grossly foolish.25) . f) 24. b) not contrary to religious principles c) the original fragrance d) the life. 28.12-13. b) abuddhayah . through the demigod.9 Chapter 7 1. Four classes of men who do surrender to the Lord: artha .the desirer of wealth or property (1st two are sakama or karma-misra devotees).24) c) mudhah .the distressed. the desired benediction.26.Alpa-medhasah (verse 23) . c) 20. In His absence one should hear from His representatives. 6. No one can be greater authority than Krsna and by hearing from Him one receives the greatest opportunity to become a perfectly Krsna conscious person.Four classes of men who never surrender to Lord: mudhas .25. whose intelligence has been stolen by material desires. (7.those who are deprived of knowledge.those whose knowledge is stolen by illusion. mayayapahrta-jnana . penances e) the prowess. 5. Mudha (verse 25) foolish.those of small intelligence. 2) He fulfills the worshipper’s desire by giving. Hrta-jnanah (verse 20) . 3. Krsna tells Arjuna that topmost yoga is to render devotional service unto Him with love. air and ether. 2. (The Lord mercifully takes away the material desires. 3.a) ability. that is why He is known as Hari. h) 19. of which hearing is the most important. Jnanis after many many births of practice become unalloyed pure devotees.3. e) 28.24. g) 14.a) Gross elements: (in ascending order from gross to subtle) earth. fire. jnani . 25. because he is in full knowledge and doesn’t approach the Lord for material gain.22. water. the jnani is the best. • Worshipper of Krsna goes to His eternal Supreme abode (spiritual world). b) para-prakrti: jivas (living entities). b) (In the order of importance. jijnasu . subtle elements: mind.19.unintelligent.
. h) 1..........000 1.....3 8....................y.1 8........... =4x k...... c) 10-13.......... =10x k.......................10 Chapter 8 1. and by strictly following the order of the bona fide spiritual master and previous Acaryas.... i) 28..... 40 billion earthly years e) # of cycles of divya yuga in 24 hours of Brahma = 1....... in the light......y...4..(1) H..........7.... how to remember Krsna at death.22.) c) Process for leaving body for devotees: By being always engaged in Krsna’s service..........a) Auspicious time for a yogi to leave the body: (8.... (Result: they reach to the moon planet but again come back after enjoying heavenly life.-8) Prayana-kala......1 8.. d) Brahma’s lifetime = 100 years of Brahmaloka = 311 trillion.000 (Kali+Dvarapa+Treta+Satya) b) & c) Brahma’s day = 12 hours of Brahmaloka = Brahma’s night = 1.296. although duration is the same as Brahma’s day) 4...........4 8..30 Inquiry 8.7.000 divya yugas = 10..........7...728.. g) 15......... b) Inauspicious time for yogi to leave the body: Passing away of the soul during the smoke.........2 Reply by Krsna 8..000 1....21..7.....30 6) Adhiyajna.. e) 15-19........4 8..... or six months when the sun travels in the south... or during the six months when the sun travels in the north... atma may also refer to (h). (6) F....................3 8..000 (no creation at night......8-9.....y. =2x k...1 8. d) 14....... (g).. b) 9......1 8.7.... (4) L.........5..21..) Dvapara yuga Treta yuga Satya (krta)yuga 432..... 5....000 earthly years 864......... (2) I... Divya yuga 4.....1 8.....320... (note: adhidaiva may also mean demigods.........29 3) Karma.. (3) M.29 2) Adhyatma....000 k..2 8. but here the answer is expected according to the subject matter of Ch................ 3.....a) Duration of yugas: Kali-yuga (k..... (5) G..30 7) Adhiyajna’s dwelling place in this body.........y..... =3x k......y.......y......... karma may refer to (c)...) .. especially chanting of Hare Krsna mantra.. the night...................7.. during the fortnight of the waxing moon.. f) 20........4 8.....30 5) Adhidaiva........ at an auspicious moment of the day...28 2.........4 8... 23-26. (e).29 4) Adhibhuta...8....... (8) B........7...(d)....a) 7.Eight questions: 1) Brahman.. (7) K... (9) J........ 8... the fortnight of the waning moon.3 8....15..........2 8..000 =1x k.22.....21..........y.24) Passing away of the soul from the world during the influence of fiery god......16.
someone is hanged or one may be awarded a huge amount of money -.a) 4-5. b) True.ch. d) True. 7 & 8. yet He remains aloof and is not touched by it. g) 23. d)16-19. avyayam (everlasting).unalloyed (pure) devotional service. it is still situated within the sky. It moves within the sky (space).diverse in many).1) One who worships himself as one with the Supreme Lord (ekatvena) . c) False. but it has no contact with it. h) 27-28. yet He remains aloof from the activities of the conditioned souls.Three degrees of knowledge: • Confidential knowledge . a) True. j) 13-14.Analogy of judge: A high-court judge affects the lives of so many people by his decisions -someone is put into jail. Similarly. . get liberated and comes to Krsna. 3) One who worships the Universal form (visvato-mukham) can only see the manifestation of the universe . e) ancestors. yet the smelling and fragrance are detached.worst among the three. Analogy of the fragrance of a flower: A person smells a flower without physically touching it. 7. c)12. d) true transcendental nature of Krsna. pratyaksa-avagamam (gives direct perception of self). Analogy of sky: Although the wind is great. Demigod worshipers come in this category. 9 . 2) One who concocts some form of the Supreme Lord and worships that (prthaktvena . f) love and devotion. 2. b)11. 4. k) 32-33.a) never envious.yet he personally remains neutral and unaffected. h) he is properly situated in his determination and he quickly becomes righteous and attains lasting peace. the Lord remains neutral although His hand is there in every sphere of life. specifically related to devotional service and which gives enlightenment in Krsna consciousness. su-sukham (joyfully performed).Similarly. g) freedom from bondage to work.l) 34. e) 16. e) True. dharmyam (perfection of religion).spiritual knowledge discussed in ch. f)True. lives with Him (Krsna). not a blade of grass moves without the sanction of the Lord. 6. Krsna creates this material world by His glance and ordains. 5. Similarly. • Most confidential knowledge .topics discussed in ch. 3.11 Chapter 9 1.best among the three categories. c) repeated birth and death. 2 & 3. i) 29. pavitram (pure). uttamam (transcendental). f) 22. • More confidential knowledge . raja-guhyam (most secret). The fragrance of a flower is touched by the smelling power of a person.a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) raja-vidya (king of knowledge). it is contained by the space. b) path of birth and death in this material world. takes birth among such beings.
3.Catur sloki: Krsna describes the opulences of His position as the source of all. The devotional service is like a seed. s) Brahma. The spiritual bhakti-lata plant gradually grows until it penetrates the covering of the material universe and enter into the brahmajyoti. Krsna is explaining about His opulences (including yogam aisvarya) out of affection for Arjuna (priyamananam) to make him more fixed and enthusiastic in devotional service. especially impersonalists who concern themselves mainly with the all-pervading nature of the Supreme.Thus they worship Him with the great desire as described in verse 9. just as a bee enters a lotus flower. i) bhaya. and thus it is possible for him to understand Krsna’s various opulences. but more so for the people in general.a) Marici. 2) Knowing Krsna as the source of all. one can attain the realization of verses 9. then the seed fructifies. f) Meru. i) 15. q) Gayatri. g) lion. Goloka Vrndavana.40-42. 12-13. f) 7. 2. b) jnanam. k) Narada. g) brahmana. b) Visnu. 4) The devotee with real intelligence. e) 4-5. 15. d) 6. 8. i) Garuda. that plant keep on growing until it reaches the highest planet. Finally the plant takes shelter under the lotus feet of Krsna and rests there. By knowing these opulences as the Lord’s. is awarded Krsna's entrance into his heart. Arjuna is not so much concerned about himself. d) spring. 3. l) Kapila.a) Lord Krsna has instructed Arjuna to be “man-mana”. d) “Gudakesa” means one who has conquered the darkness of sleep. e) Magasirsa. middle [maintenance] and end [destruction] of material creation) c) Analogy of sowing seed: Lord Caitanya compares transcendental devotional service to the sowing of a seed in the heart of the living entity. k) 19. h) 2. In the spiritual sky.a) buddhi. Krsna addresses Arjuna as Gudakesa.12 Chapter 10 1.34). (Beginning. the devotees cannot maintain their lives without Him. c) Lord Siva. r) silence. b) 2. o) Bhrgu. Therefore Arjuna requests Krsna to explain His opulences in this world by which he can meditate upon Him. b) verse 20: concerned with all beings. 5.a) 1. d) satyam. who overcomes the ignorance caked upon his heart by millions of births. h) brahmana or devotee of the Lord. g) 8-11. so that they can fix their minds on Krsna. as fish cannot live without water. as described in verse 10. m) Usana [Sukracarya]. [which is like watering the seed]. 3) Krsna reciprocates with such devotees by giving them direct inspiration and thus direct association with Him. His devotees’ eagerness to love and serve Him. e) ahimsa. .10 and 11. Connections: 1) All of Krsna’s opulences are summarized in verse 8. and His own reciprocation with that eagerness. t) ocean. j) Vasuki. 4. h) king. 17. f) yasa. p) Brhaspati.fix his mind on Him (9.40-42. n) Vyasadeva. because Arjuna is above the darkness of ignorance. just as the seed of a tree fructifies with regular watering. as described in verse 11. c) asammoha. middle and end of all beings) verse 32: concerned with creation (beginning [creation]. j) 18 c) 3. the Supreme planet of Lord Krsna. When it is sown in the heart of a living entity who goes on hearing and chanting Hare Krsna mahamantra and engages in practical devotional service.
c) 10-13. He can reveal Himself.27. d) 15-30. h) 48. g) 47-48. but because He is "Yogesvara". although He is apart from it. because Krsna has assured Him that He is the source of all material and spiritual creations and that although He is the cause of the material creation. c) Yogesvara (The Lord of all mystic power): The Lord is unlimited and inconceivable.29. • In verse 11. b) How Arjuna became completely convinced that he should fight: By seeing the "Kala-rupa" form. • Someone may claim that it is still refering to the four-armed form. Arjuna requests the Lord to mercifuly show His four-armed form. wherein Lord Krsna has shown that all Arjuna's opponents (his relatives and friends for whom he wanted to avoid fighting) are destined to die according to His plan. • Furthermore.50. He saw men from both parties being crushed in the jaws of the kala form of the Lord. He is aloof from it.a) 3-4. dasya (servitorship) 35-44. b) To set a criteria for knowing who is God. "svakam rupam darsayam asa bhuyah". • Still someone may say that "saumya-vapuh" is use for the four-armed form. Now Arjuna desires to see how He is acting from within the universe.46. The Lord says that with a peaceful mind Arjuna can see the form of his desire (idam rupam . the Lord winds up His Universal form.51 the word "manusam-rupam" (human-like form) is used. • In verse 11. 36.49. therefore "bhuyah" refers to this form. 4. 3.47-48.28. Kamala-patraksa (O lotus-eyed one): Arjuna addresses Lord Krsna as “lotus-eyed” (one whose eyes are like the petals of a lotus flower) out of his joy. Arjuna's relation with Krsna (two-armed form) is in friendship mood. by His causeless mercy. 5. but also to make Krsna actually reveal Himself as such). because Vasudeva (one of the catur-vyuha) has four arms. and thus Arjuna became assured that the Pandavas are going to be victorious in the battle (verses 7. • In verse 11.a) Main reason why Arjuna should fight: Because Krsna desires it. whether Arjuna fought or not. adbhuta (wonder) 14-22.52). • The Lord exhibits the Universal form in verses 11.Why Arjuna wanted to see the Universal form: a) So that in the future others would not think of Krsna as an ordinary person. (Because Arjuna is beginning the parampara system. the Lord explains that no one before Arjuna has seen this Univesal form. 2. • In verses 11. Why? To encourge the fearful Arjuna (asvasayam asa bhitam anam). 32-24. • In verse 11. . b) Savya-sacin: One who can shoot arrows very expertly in the battlefield.a) Specific plan of Krsna being carried out in this material world: This cosmic manifestation is a chance for the conditioned souls to prepare to go back to Krsna’s abode (by giving up their domineering mentality and fully surrendering to Krsna). e) 20-23.this form). • But "bhuyah" means again. the Lord was in two-armed form before. sakhya 45-55. which is the two-handed form. except for the Pandavas.30.13 Chapter 11 1. b) 5-46.34) Therefore it was best for Arjuna to be Krsna's instrument and render loving service to Him by fighting. 6. c) The Lord has described Himself and His glories and opulences in Chapter 10. f) 26-30. Sanjaya says :"bhutva punah (again become) saumya-vapuh (beautiful form)". he thinks it is necessary not only to receive the theoretical presentation of the Supreme. If in the future. bhayanak (fear) 23-34.he become equipoised in mind and restore to his original nature (sat cetah prakrtim gatah) Thus it is confirmed that the Lord displayed finally His most beautiful two-armed form which is so rare to see (11. Krsna shows His four-armed form and then His two-armed form.5-45. j) In different sections of the chapter different rasas are exhibited: sakhya (friendship) 1-13.so by seeing that form. i) 52-54. should be prepared to show their universal form to prove it. imposters who claim to be God. Nimita-matram: Just become an instrument.
b) Universal form is: not eternal but it is.. only in material universes • It is only in the material sphere (manifested for cosmic manifestation). . then the four-armed form and then again resumed His two-armed form. which He had shown by displaying His universal form. the Universal form is wound up. the Universal Form is also spiritual. • spiritual: Like the Deities of the Lord..a) Lord Krsna is the cause of all causes and Krsna is the origin of all incarnations (Krsnas tu bhagavan svayam). • real: not imaginary. Even the material world is real. why not the Universal form? • temporary: It manifests to help Brahma and the demigods to manifest the universe and with the end of it.14 6.. • material: it is material manifestation.
6. 8 Free from false ego. 15. (Sakama karma or any pious activities): Doing one’s duty by giving up the result of one’s work for some good cause. 28. 19 Pure. 26. Equal in both happiness and distress. 12 Engaged in devotional service. 32 Silent. verse 10. Advantage of worship of the personal form: • the process is easy and natural (as they accept the authentic form of the Lord. 7. 2. 3. may or may not be for Krsna. but the Lord very mercifully reduces the suffering to a great extent.Those engaged in the devotional service of the personal form of the Lord are more perfect.Different stages of devotional service (direct process) in ascending order: verse 11. capital. Fixing all one’s intelligence and mind in Krsna’s service. Neither rejoices.Devotee’s attitude towards suffering: Whenever a devotee is in distress or has fallen into difficulty. . • it is a difficult path for the embodied or conditioned beings (to fix the mind on inconceivable form). Renounces both auspicious 29 And inauspicious things. Non-envious. For whom no one is put into difficulty. • long practice is needed (to control the senses.15 Chapter 12 1. Devotee’s attitude towards enemies: A pure devotee is not envious of anyone. Tolerant. a) 3-5. Intelligence fixed on Him. e) 15. Not dependent on ordinary course of activities. organization or labor (engaging the fruit of one’s work in Krsna’s service). 34. 17 Equal in fear and anxiety. 5 Heat and cold. Does not consider himself a proprietor. Expert. (Sakama or niskama karma): Working for Krsna or helping the preaching movement through land. he should suffer more (he also thinks he deserves to suffer more because of his present wrong propensities). 10. Nor laments. He thinks that by his own previous karma. Honor and dishonor. So it’s better to suffer than to protest. 30 Free from all contaminating association. Mind and 14. 3. Always satisfied. 11 Self-controlled. verse 9. 13. 27 Nor desires. g) 20. Equal in fame and infamy. 18. Not striving for some result. • much penance (austerities) involved. He thinks that the person is acting as his enemy because of his (devotee’s own) past misdeeds. Fixed in knowledge.35 qualities of devotees: 1. 24. b) 1-7. f) 17. 2. 21. Not disturbed by anyone. (vaidhi or raganuga sadhana bhakti): Following the regulative principles of bhakti-yoga verse 8. Without cares. d) 12. he thinks that it is the Lord’s mercy upon him. authorized by scriptures) • Krsna helps those who desire to come in His service through this path as He is the swift deliverer from the ocean of birth and death. 5. Disadvantage of impersonal worship: • advancement is very troublesome. 31. Nor grieves. Nor does he become his enemy’s enemy. 23.25. 33. intelligence and mind). 4. 22. Equal to friends and enemies. 16. 20. 9. c) 6-7. Satisfied with anything. Free from all distress. Does not care for any residence. 4. Kind to all beings. 35.
3. ear.] Jnana-maya: (or mana-maya) thinking. [ego expands to family. e) F. touch. feeling and willing. philosophers (gradually becomming interested in spiritualism). • detachment from the general mass of people. (1) avyakta (unmanifested). h) Self-control. country. inferior energy of the Lord (gross and subtle elements)).4 c) Knowledge of all 6. kama. (5) voice. moksa and prema]. Interactions or manifestations of subtle body: living symptoms (consciousness) and the convictions. living in a solitary place. skin. legs. [begins to doubt about their real identity (whether they are really this body or something else). psychologists. • philosophical search for the Absolute Truth. i) Steadiness. water.2 (both material world and body are composed of prakrti.4-5). then insects. society planners. c) Humility. b) 1. cit. j) External cleanliness: bathing. genitals. happiness (sukha). b) • Accepting the importance of self-realization. trees and plants. humanism. sight. comprise all great scientists. f) Tolerance. 3. h) F. b) Accepting a bonafide spiritual master. taste.a) Five stages of Brahman realization: Anna-maya: seeing the Absolute in the food. artha. k) Tongue. or pradhana. g) Simplicity. Verse 6-7 describes that the elements and the material world is its manifestation) f) 1. (sambandha. artha. Dharma.a) 3. Bhagavan. tongue. air.6. f) T (based on 7. eyes. (5) smell. concerned with artha and kama (for self-pleasure)]. Prana-maya: realizing the Absolute Truth in the living symptoms or life forms. [mentally active stage or mental platform. e) Humility. Dharma. d) T. [selfcentered. nationalism. (3) mind. kama. intelligence. abhideya. kama. [sat. . distress (dukha). 2.16 Chapter 13 1A. sleeping. g) F. etc).a) Constant and unalloyed devotional service to Krsna. "athato brahma jijnasa" stage (spiritual inquiry). mainly concerned with maintaining one's body (eating. Paramatma. false ego. a) T.ananda vigraha realization Brahman. c) T.4 e) 2.4 1B. d) 25th element: soul. especially 5 d) 1.] Vijnana-maya: realization of distinction of living entity’s mind and life symptoms from self. moksa. 26th element: Supersoul. mating.] Ananda-maya: realization of the all-blissful nature. defending). b) Twenty four elements: gross: subtle: sense objects: knowledge-acquiring senses: working senses: rest: (5) earth. c) Interactions or manifestations of gross elements: desire (iccha). internal cleanliness: chanting Hare Krsna. society. ô ô ô ô ô (5) nose. prayojana). humanity and finally to all living symptoms (animals. fire. hands. anus. artha.6 (Prakrti is inferior energy of the Lord. sound. ether. etc). hatred (dvesa). the Supreme Lord. Dharma. b) T. Dependence upon food for existence. All philanthropic or altruistic activities (all -ism: communism. socialism. thinkers.
f) 14-17.24.17 l) Tongue: taking prasadam. h) 26. so does the soul illuminate the entire body by consciousness. ears: hearing Krsna-katha. j) 35. although it is all-pervading. • cultivation of knowledge (jnana-yoga or sankhya-yoga). b) 6-7. Verse 34. engaging in Krsna-katha & chanting. • the process of meditation (dhyana or astanga-yoga). Real ego means understanding that we are not the body but eternal servant of Krsna. g) 21-22.19. 4. the owner of the body (soul) and Supersoul.23.a) 2-3. n) Chanting Hare Krsna. nose: smelling flowers offered to Krsna. i) 28-32. similarly the soul situated in Brahman vision does not mix with the body. does not mix with anything. analogy of sky: Just as the sky. 5. eyes: seeing the Deity. eating only Krsna-prasad.13-18. c) Analogies used for the soul: Verse 33.28.a) Essence of Chapter 13: One should know the distinction between the body. although situated in that body. m) False ego means accepting the body as the self. and one should practice the process of liberation described in verses 8-12. b) Three processes to realize the Supersoul: • working without fruitive results (karma-yoga). e) 14. c) 8-12. analogy of sun: As the sun alone illuminates the entire universe.35. due to its subtle nature. Deity worship. discussing Srimad-Bhagavatam. . d) 13.
8-9) • One who is completely renounced materially. material nature is not the cause of the birth of living entities. g) G. j) G. the pious and the sinners. h) T. Process of transcending the modes: Continuous pure (unalloyed) devotional service. the neutral. • Treats or regards all these with an equal mind: honest well-wisher. h) G. o) G. b) P. k) P. p) P. • Steady. i) 27. friends and enemies. g) F. n) I.a) 1-2. m) P. i) T. 3. g) 20. 2. f) F. f) 19.a) G. c) I. the envious. d) 10. c) T.18 Chapter 14 1. affectionate benefactors. e) P. • Situated equally well in praise and blame. (6. 5. c) 4. • Equal toward the desirable and undesirable. h) 22-23. d) I. is the cause of the baby scorpions. l) P. 4. not the rice. • Equal in honor and dishonor.The scorpion lays its eggs in a pile of rice and sometimes it is said that the scorpion is born out of rice. The mother scorpion. mediators. These symptoms generally manifest step by step in sequence: • Regards alike happiness and distress. i) I. f) P. b) 3. a stone and a piece of gold with an equal eye. e) F. In the same way. The seed is given by the Supreme Personality of Godhead and they only seem to come out as a product of material nature. . d) T. b) T. • Looks upon a lump of earth. e) 11.a) F.
19 Chapter 15 1. 3. h) 9. d) 15. k) 8. f) 2. Supreme Soul. h) 14.62-63). moon and fire come from Krsna. i) 6. Digestion: Krsna is the fire of digestion in all living entities and He joins with the air of life to digest four kinds of foodstuff (those which are licked. lust and the dualities of happiness and distress. He understands the eternal (soul. e) 1-4. who has entered into the three worlds and is maintaining them. e) 7. b) 7. b) attachment to matter and possession of matter (caused by satisfying the propensity to lord it over material nature).1) Verse 1-5: Overcoming the weaknesses of the heart. Verse 19: One who knows Krsna is the knower of everything.19. 4. false association. j) 20. Entering into the moon: Lord Krsna becomes the moon and supplies the juice of life to all vegetables.4. there is the Supreme Lord.Splendor: The splendor of the sun.6. b) 11. drunk and sucked). (Process of spiritual fall-down: verses 2. He is celebrated as the Supreme Person in this world and in the Vedas. i) 15.4. and he engages in full devotional service to Him. c) 4.a) 5. g) 1. d) 10.One who has these qualities comes to know how to surrender unto the Supreme Person: Freedom from: false prestige. g) 10-11. chewed. Entering into the planets: Krsna enters into each planet.7. and by His energy they stay in orbit. c) 6.a) 6. Unbewildered. 2) Verse 6-20: Purusottama yoga: Explain the yoga of the Supreme Person. 5. Verse 17-18: Supreme Lord: Beyond both the fallible and infallible living entities. . which are of two kinds: a) the desire to lord it over material nature (defined as lust). 2. spiritual world). illusion.4. j) 3. 6.Verse 16: Two kinds of living entities: fallible (in material world) and infallible (in spiritual world). f) 8-9.17-18.
Untruthful. the mercy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. arrogance. Cause of demoniac life is ignorance and passion. b) fearlessness. c) Their beliefs: They say that the world is unreal. I am the richest man.a) 1-3. asuras. 4.a) sannyasi. They (the demons) achieve neither perfection. one can achieve all perfection. 10. the impermanent. Perform religious work like austerity. 2A. as are children. God is dead (maybe He existed in a previous age. strength. They should be given protection. 8. 7.Qualities of demoniac nature: (other than: pride. d) brahmanas (also sannyasis). Rather they suffer perpetually in hell. Those who deny the existence of the Lord. not knowing what is to be done and what is not to be done.a) sudras. sannyasi. nor the Supreme destination (verse 23). powerful and happy. They say it is produced from sex desire and has no cause other than lust. Whatever you like you can do. you are all God. . The aim of life is to gratify the senses to the fullest extent. I am the enjoyer. lust and anger. Don’t believe in God.a) Manu-samhita about women liberation: Women should not be given freedom. g) grhastha. then the husband. In youth a woman should be given protection by her father. Deluded by wealth. c) ksatriyas. 3. surrounded by aristrocratic relatives. Conceited. One must raise himself at least to the platform of goodness before the path to understanding the Lord can be opened. harshness and ignorance) 1. b) Conclusion of Chapter 16: Those who are devotees of the Lord accept the shelter of the Lord and the principles laid down by Him in scriptures. Self-complacent and always impudent. nor happiness. e) 6. b) vaisyas. Either they do not believe in God (atheist) or they are envious of Him (so instead of surrendering to the Supreme. They are dominated by lower modes of passion and ignorance. “Why are you seeking God elsewhere? You are God yourself. Overpowered by lust.8. wealth for sense gratification.7-20. give charity and thus I shall rejoice.11. If one takes shelter of a bonafide spiritual master and follows his guidance. They are devas. h) 23. horrible works. So one should take guidance from sastra (scripture). 4. i) vanaprastha. 5. e) brahmacari. hence attracted to unclean work. f) grhastha. c) he should not have intimate relationship with a woman. c) Cause of all falldown is aversion to the principles of understanding the Supreme Lord.23. j) sannyasi . and fail to follow the revealed scriptures are demons. for whatever reason. Unclean habits and improper behavior. k) sannyasi.5. d) 5. l) 3. with no foundation. hence. i) 21-22. power and false prestige (even using illegal means). 11. j) 19-20. Confused.” b) Their preaching: The demoniac person thinks of himself as the Supreme and he tells his followers. f) 7.20 Chapter 16 1. Throw away God. Bewildered by false ego. b) 4. pride. they want to kill God or take His place). 2B. c) 4. Fault-finding. conceit. 9. 5. g) 13-15. 12. I am perfect. then the grown up sons. demigods. “I am the lord of everything. I shall perform sacrifice. 6. anger. sacrifice or charity for name and fame only (not for spiritual benefit). h) grhastha.a) Thoughts of demoniac people: He thinks only to increase his wealth and power even to the point of killing his enemies (who are obstacles in the way of his sense gratification). 2. There is none so powerful and happy as I am. no God in control. d) intimate relations with women. but no more). Self-centered--work for their own or extended sense gratification & prosperity. engaged in unbeneficial.
non-duplicity). especially the spiritual master. b) Remnants of food may be eaten only when they are part of a meal that was first offered to the Supreme Lord or first eaten by saintly persons. Best training: Gravity of the mind. h) transcendence (because he has spiritual desire not material desire). j) goodness. f) ignorance. c) 4. cereals like rice and wheat. and palatable.a) ignorance. b) ignorance. They are sweet. d) mind. c) ignorance. f) speech. j) mind. juicy. fattening. all the above will naturally manifest. b) ignorance. i) body. d) 5-6. c) pure goodness or transcendental mode. Foods in the mode of passion cause distress. g) 25. misery and disease. e) body. c) control of the mind. k) transcendence (see e). b) ignorance. c) i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) ignorance passion goodness goodness goodness/transcendence (depends on purity of the offering) ignorance goodness/transcendence (depends on purity and position of devotee) 3. i) 28. f) goodness. h) ignorance. Otherwise the remnants of food are considered to be in the mode of darkness.21 Chapter 17 1.a) passion. fruits and vegetables are in goodness. e) philosophized Visnu. 2. a) passion and ignorance. f) 24. good health. and they increase infection or disease. or to make the mind devoid of duplicity or by thinking of the welfare of all. dahl. h) mind.a) The purpose of food is to increase the duration of life. 5B. g) passion. Less. d) detachment of the mind from sense gratification . d) passion. b) silence. or divert it to the Vedic literatures. purify the mind and aid bodily strength. e) taking the mind away from thoughts of sense enjoyment. f) transcendentally situated. 5A. b) body (simple living). d) goodness. Milk products. c) goodness. b) 2-3. h) 26-27. d) goodness.a) mind. By engaging the mind in Krsna's service. Food in the mode of goodness best fulfills these requirements.a) 1. e) transcendence (unless one has material expectation. 4A. k) body.a) faithlessness. g) ignorance. c) speech. 4B. e) 23. i) passion. mind (simplicity. five kinds of demigods. which may make it tinged with lower modes). . g) body. happiness and satisfaction. e) goodness.
a) peacefulness. to become a devotee of the Supreme Lord and to surrender to Him c) Essence of the 18th Chapter: Surrender to Krsna in devotional service in full consciousness of Him. b) F (passion).66. k) 72. resourcefulness. l) 73. e) 58-60. u) T (because determination is for spiritual purpose). a) T. e) Result of listening to the B.g. 3. 4. • not devoted. who dictates or controls the desire of the soul). m) 74-77. • not engaged in devotional service. 3. The various senses. work. d) i) Unqualified to hear B. b) Factors that motivate action: knowledge. m) I. object of knowledge. i) 66. d) labor and service to others. j) I. 5. h) 65. b) P.g. ii) Qualified to hear B. c) I. n) 78.goodness or transcendental (if movie is about Krsna or His devotees).65 and 18.22 Chapter 18 1. p) P. (endevor with the body. 2. Eternal time (kala). but depending on the purpose it can have the result of passion. Material nature (prakrti). The Supersoul. (including the mind). passion is always mixed up. l) P. austerity.g. (false ego. e) T (please note verse 7 and verse 8 (sanskrit) both words are used for the same meaning). . Many different kinds of endeavor. 3.g. f) 63. and taking help from others). (the Supreme Lord. doer. mind and intelligence. e) Anyone can attain perfection by worshiping the Lord with the fruit of one’s work. n) I (enjoyment for something which does not exist. b) determination. The place of action. i) I. c) 50-54. q) P. c) farming. the supreme sanctioner of the activities). 5. but are innocent. b) Instruction of the Bhagavad-gita that constitutes the supreme process of religion & morality: Verses 18. f) I.: He worships Krsna by his intelligence. 6.: • Those who are envious of the Lord.a) 40. g) 65-71. All kinds of activities (karma). The Supreme Personality of Godhead (isvara). f) Lord's opinion about one who studies this sacred conversation of B.: the devotees of the Lord. b) 47-48. honesty. j) 68-69. cow-protection. a) G. 2. iii) Why devotees hold open class: Devotees sometimes hold open classes to reach out to those who are not yet devotees. generosity. tolerance. d) P. d) 55.a) 5 factors of action are: 1. c) T.a) Five principal subject matters discussed in the Bhagavad-gita: 1. o) I. The living entities (jiva). g) P. r) G. c) Constituents of action: senses. with faith and without envy: One becomes free from sinful reactions and attains to the auspicious planets where the pious people dwell. t) P. 2. d) T. 4. knower. • not austere. 4. s) I. 5. e) G. The performer. h) G. (body and external environment). k) P.
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