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3Metaphysics is the study of the nature of reality, including the relationship between mind and body, substance and

accident, events and causation. Traditional branches are cosmology and ontology. 2.Epistemology is concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge, and whether knowledge is possible. Among its central concerns has been the challenge posed by skepticism and the relationships between truth, belief, and justification. 1.Ethics, or "moral philosophy", is concerned primarily with the question of the best way to live, and secondarily, concerning the question of whether this question can be answered. The main branches of ethics are meta-ethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics. Meta-ethics concerns the nature of ethical thought, such as the origins of the words good and bad, and origins of other comparative words of various ethical systems, whether there are absolute ethical truths, and how such truths could be known. Normative ethics are more concerned with the questions of how one ought to act, and what the right course of action is. This is where most ethical theories are generated.[7] Lastly, applied ethics go beyond theory and step into real world ethical practice, such as questions of whether or not abortion is correct.[8] Ethics is also associated with the idea of morality, and the two are often interchangeable. 4.Political philosophy is the study of government and the relationship of individuals (or families and clans) to communities including the state. It includes questions about justice, law, property, and the rights and obligations of the citizen. Politics and ethics are traditionally inter-linked subjects, as both discuss the question of what is good and how people should live. 5Aesthetics deals with beauty, art, enjoyment, sensory-emotional values, perception, and matters of taste and sentiment. 6.Logic is the study of valid argument forms. Beginning in the late 19th century, mathematicians such as Gottlob Frege focused on a mathematical treatment of logic, and today the subject of logic has two broad divisions: mathematical logic (formal symbolic logic) and what is now called philosophical logic. 7. philosophy of man8.ultimate principle given reality- agere sequitur esse. 9. a thing acts according to its nature- English word 10.karl popper or popper- man lives in three worlds.Physical world, internal world and social world. 11. universal- mans nature is characterized as 12.static13.somatic level 14. behavioral level 15. attitudinal level 16. body is capable of sensation- somatic level 17. refers to the mode of acting of every man- behavioral level 18.referS to the mental reaction of every man to a given stimulus- attitudinal level 19.thales- father of western philosophy / father of science 20. what is the urstuff of Anaximander?- apeiron 21. urstuff of thales- water 22. Heraclitus- fire 23. what is the main reason why thales comes up with the idea on number 21 as the urstuff of all things? Its because of what?- earthquakes 24. who said that there is only one single God- Xenophanes 25.for him numbers is the urstuff- Pythagoras.

26 urstuff of anaximenes- air 27. through the process of ----- all the elements including water earth stone will turn into air. 28. Empedocles- there are two forces who made the earth.. mainly love and strife 29 philia 30 neikos 31. Cosmic cycle 32. apeiron is indefinite, boundless, 33. Nous- mind 34. spermata35.that is 36. that is not 37.their belief is Brahman as the ground of all things- Hinduism 38. yoga 39.believed that Jesus is the messiah, savior 40. Taoism- all things originated from TAO 41mr. Democritus believed that all things came from atoms because of they are : immutable 42 shape 43 size 44 position 45 eternal II. Among the philosophers that we had discussed, who is your favorite western philosopher and why? 7