Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2009.03.

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Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2009.03.33
Yves Duhoux, Anna Morpurgo Davies (ed.), A Companion to Linear B: Mycenaean Greek Texts and Their World, Volume 1. Bibliothèque des Cahiers de l'Institut de linguistique de Louvain. Antiquité 120. Louvain-la-Neuve/Dudley, MA: Peeters, 2008. Pp. x, 448. ISBN 9789042918481. €55.00 (pb).

Reviewed by Michael F. Lane, University of Maryland, Baltimore County (
Word count: 4855 words

Overview A Companion to Linear B (hereafter Companion) is, according to the foreword by the editors Morpurgo Davies and Duhoux (hereafter AMD and YD) "an up-to-date book which would inform both specialists and non-specialists (including graduate and undergraduate students who take their first course in Linear B) about the whole range of Mycenaean studies..." They add, "the information provided must be reliable and have sufficient authority to be trusted" (p. ix). They also mean for it to be a successor to the volume Linear B: A 1984 Survey, which they also edited (Morpurgo-Davies and Duhoux 1985). The present volume is supposed to be the first of two which, judging from the subtitle, put Linear B texts in their linguistic, socioeconomic, and archaeological contexts. The Companion contains, in serial order, chapters on the decipherment of Linear B (Maurice Pope), conventions and reference works for the study of Linear B (Ruth Palmer), the chronology of Linear B archives so far discovered (Jan Driessen), the "historical" context of the Linear B texts (Pia De Fidio), the social and political structures in which the archives were embedded (Cynthia Shelmerdine), the palatial economy (John Killen), technologies described in the Linear B texts (Alberto Bernabé and Eugenio Luján), vessels inscribed with Linear B (Peter van Alfen), and, lastly, an "anthology" (or chrestomathy) of Linear B texts (YD). YD has let it be known (pers. comm.) that the second volume will contain the following chapters: Writing (J.L. Melena); Scribes, scribal hands and palaeography (T.G. Palaima); Greek and the Linear B script (R. Viredaz); Language (AMD); Onomastics (J.-L. García Ramón); The geography of the Mycenaean kingdoms (D.J. Bennet); Religion (S. Hiller); Mycenaean and Homeric language (C.J. Ruijgh, dec.); Mycenaean and the world of Homer (D.J. Bennet); Interpreting the Linear B records: some guidelines (YD). It is due to be published in late 2009. The Companion is, in the final analysis, a commendable book, especially as it is more comprehensive than Linear B: A 1984 Survey. However, it suffers from several editorial problems that thwart the editors' express purposes. Some of the contributions flatly contradict each other at several levels, from the transcription of Linear B into Mycenaean Greek, to the

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it contains further historical details. Killen 2004). the circumflex above a Latin letter in transcription indicates a Mycenaean long vowel only. as well as to the various Linear B symbols. 107-8. Five of its nine chapters were first submitted for publication in 2001. and it pays due respect to Alice Kober and Emmett Bennett for their crucial work. but Driessen 2000). particularly to Mycenaean derivational morphology (relevant below). although I think it a helpful For evaluation only.html Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. with *120 (also denoted GRA) representing "barley" (not "wheat") and *121 (also denoted HORD) representing "wheat" (not "barley"). some of which have relatively recently come to light. perhaps because it is too short (165 pages) and non-specific (Palaeograeca et mycenaea). 77). Not only has he adopted Warren and Hankey's (1989) "low chronology" for the Late Bronze Age Aegean.) Perhaps because POPE is least tightly bound to Linear B studies.: In the transcriptions that follow.Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2009. I find it disconcerting that Palmer's recommended bibliography does not match the "General bibliography" at the end of the Companion. This chapter is well illustrated with line drawings of Linear B texts of different kinds. and grids displaying Linear B syllabograms. and three in 2002. the "Studies Bartonek" festschrift (Bartonek 1991) does not appear in the latter. because she is alone in the Companion in suggesting that the readings should be so reversed. 2 of 10 12/7/2010 5:55 PM . whereas the late Cornelis Ruijgh's Études sur la grammaire et le vocabulaire du mycénien (1967) seems to get short shrift (p. his chapter on the decipherment is one of the soundest in the Companion. 1990: esp. DRIESSEN's chapter includes a revision of his own dating of the Room of the Chariot Tablets (RCT) at Knossos (see Driessen 1988. Some conflicting interpretations arise because the Continental European contributors tend to draw from Continental sources. It should be noted that her presentation of the epigraphical conventions does not anticipate the notation of palimpsests and direction of rotation from recto to verso sides employed in the forthcoming (but long-awaited) Palace of Nestor at Pylos in Western Messenia IV (PoN IV). The chapter is copiously illustrated. not περισπωμένη accent. referring to Linear B texts lately discovered. as the editors remark in footnotes. logograms. standards of transliterating and transcribing these. and because her arguments have been challenged on agronomic and contextual grounds (see Halstead 1995.b. 33). while Anglophone contributors tend to prefer their own. PALMER's contribution is a careful and thorough introduction to pertinent literature and handbooks. critically linguistic interpretation of these transcriptions and the social relationships expressed or implied in the texts. Adding to problems of consistency is the fact that the first volume of the Companion was almost a decade in the making.foxitsoftware. and the relevant epigraphical conventions (the last two treatments constituting the "Wingspread Conventions"). weight and measure symbols. and numerals. It is an excellent summary of Michael Ventris's progress and achievement. Review Chapter by Chapter (N. She has argued elsewhere that the traditional readings should be switched (see Palmer 1992. one of the best to be found outside of Chadwick's The Decipherment of Linear B (1992 [1967]) and Ventris and Chadwick's Documents in Mycenaean Greek (1973). 48). Palmer asserts her doubts about the traditional interpretation of symbols *120 and *121 (p. Indeed.33 http://bmcr." reproduced from Ventris's own Work Notes (1988). 2008). For example. It is worth noting her assertion. YD and AMD have added a longer endnote to Driessen's article (p.brynmawr. including three stages of the famous "syllabic grid. but he also dates the RCT to the Late Minoan IIIA1 period (1390-1370 BCE in his framework).

rather than pursuing the archaeological implications of her observations about the roles of the "scribes" and their apparent social distance from the wanaks. fiscal evidence of shortfalls in agricultural and industrial production at the time of the destruction of the palace at Pylos (p. 81-2). adopting a "middle chronology" in contrast with Driessen).33 http://bmcr. she. The chronology chosen is nevertheless noteworthy because some contributors to the Companion adopt the "high chronology. inter alia.foxitsoftware. while others adhere to Driessen's earlier dates. up-to-date maps and plans embedded in the main text. edited by Cynthia Shelmerdine (2008)." let alone to his activities. like the stronghold of Gla (p. This discrepancy is perhaps a side effect of the time taken to publish the volume. 96-102). 104.g." whereby the LMII begins around 1490 BCE (or they have split the difference between the chronologies). noting. 103-5) with the usual suspects: economic collapse. DE FIDIO's "Mycenaean history" is a fairly conventional narrative of the Bronze Age Aegean. uses "redistribution" (p. if not fresh. Suffice it to refer the reader to the very useful new Cambridge Companion to the Aegean Bronze Age. Shelmerdine reviews a wide range of archaeological -. as she has before (see Shelmerdine 2007). Nonetheless. Driessen's chapter presents a very handy reference to the different dates of the discovered Linear B archives. the paucity of references to the wanaks (= ἄναξ) "king. She also astutely notes. because. The narrative ends (pp. not generally accepted. It is also possible that the archival system was less centralized than has generally been thought. and discusses especially Hittite-Mycenaean relations evident in the score or so of Hittite letters referring to Ahhiyawa (pp. I might add. which. For example.html Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. including select bibliographies for each of its sections." PY Na 520). and handsome." so too Killen p. especially to an American scholar's eye. like Killen in the Companion.03." p. 3 of 10 12/7/2010 5:55 PM . She plays confidently here. some references being conspicuously absent. The narrative is often framed in economic and sometimes social evolutionary terms ("recession and stagnation." p." De Fidio's penchant for sources from her own continent shows clearly. Several of Shelmerdine's interpretations of particular Linear B words and texts are problematic or idiosyncratic: e. in any Mycenaean archives. ki-ti-ta kti(s)tâs "landholder" (rather than "cultivator. pu2-te-re ki-ti-je-si *phûtêres ktiensi "planters are cultivating. 117). 91-6. unlike Driessen. 90). rather than to the LMII (1425-1390 BCE). and ki-ti-me-na ktimenâ "private" versus ke-ke-menâ "common" (of land. as others have. 144. is likely to have been a place for keeping landholding texts (though they may not be preserved). conclusions. Late Helladic IIIA-B (pp. natural disasters (though significant "climate change" is unlikely). SHELMERDINE's chapter on "Mycenaean society" is carefully laid out. I am no expert in the stratigraphy of Knossos. and mysterious marauding "Sea Peoples. Hence I agree with Shelmerdine that a Mycenaean site in an area of great agricultural potential. may explain the absence of a specific word for "scribe" in a considerable vocabulary of titles). 144) appropriately for the majority of transactions directly recorded in the Linear B archives. 115). 96. that the scribes were probably not akin to an anonymous typing pool for the palace but rather were part of the "administrative elite" (p. and arrives at some sound. I will not dispute his revision. 171. De Fidio is in her element when discussing the Palatial Period. It duly mentions the region's semi-periphery ("marginal") status with respect to the empires of the Ancient Near East (pp.including textual -evidence. "mentality already concerned with the marks of For evaluation only.Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2009. She nevertheless proceeds to detail evidence of the "palaces" as royal residences. cf.brynmawr. see De Fidio 1987). she notes (p.

03. defending his conclusions against a current trend toward finding and emphasizing differences among them (e. concern places close to Pylos.series) and miscellaneous tribute (M.foxitsoftware. KILLEN's chapter on the "Mycenaean economy" is an update of his still important article in Linear B: A 1984 Survey. 30 being particularly common. in fact.. In contrast. testament to how sound an example of scholarship the original version was. itself a sign of elite status.especially if they were part of the administrative elite writing for its own purposes.33 http://bmcr." his definition notwithstanding. Nakassis (2008) and I (2004) have observed separately that the collocation of the some of the same names in the coastguard and Aq texts in Pylian bronze allocation texts (Jn 725 and 750) -. and that some of these two-part names recur in the Pylos "Aq diptych" (Aq 64.and N. 131). this probably being true of all the Pylos E." although she admits that "another man" recorded in the Aq diptych "called son of Eteoklês is not a Follower" (p.series (p. A more systematic effort is required if we are to identify named persons with positions in a network of social relations.). perhaps in the same administrative district (pp. 661) are qualified with "patronymics" (names in -iyos). ko-re-te ?korestêr.records (and probably similar records at Knossos). Galaty and Parkinson 2007). as opposed to a selective one which just identifies names with persons. an understanding of which is critical to accurate translation. 654. Palmer (1963: 152) and Ventris and Chadwick (1973: 429) when she observes that these hekwetai are "cited with patronymics. 366-7). Shelmerdine joins L. the question remains as to why the scribes employed patronymics where they did -. recorded in the Na texts. he notes that individual localities' contributions of flax." which he compares (perhaps with a little cultural historical presumption) with the "palace/temple" economies of the Ancient Near East. the landholding texts constitute a "cadastre. In the latest version. It has long been noticed that some of the names of the e-qe-ta hekwetai "Followers" in the Pylos "coastguard" set (An 519. That so little has changed in over 20 years is. The round numbers suggest to him that these assessments are roughly calculated. 163).5-6 landholding "dispute. see Aura Jorro 1999: 337-9.html Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.brynmawr. mo-ro-qa morokwans vel sim.) He furthermore observes that it is reasonable to suppose that all Pylos E. Killen admits that De Fidio's (1977) analysis of the Er-Es-Un 718 series proves that landholding records were used to calculate taxes in kind precisely. For example. The scribes therefore probably used forms like e-te-wo-ke-re-we-i-jo Etewoklewêhios in the former for specific reasons. and her gloss on the famous Pylos Eb 297 / Ep 704. 165)." I concentrate here on her treatment of proper names. 4 of 10 12/7/2010 5:55 PM . Killen re-emphasizes the main role of the Mycenaean "palaces" as "redistributive centers. (To this extent. he suggests the method of taxation of agricultural land near Pylos (or other palace centers) is different from that of places recorded in the M. Granted that several persons named (without patronymics) in the Aq texts are assigned titles (i-je-re-u hiereus. are often multiples of 10 units. He likewise further underscores the similarities in the evidence of mechanisms of administration at the separate palaces.series) clearly include more distant statistically very unlikely to be a coincidence. including those of pa-ki-ja-na / -ne.g. 218).series (p. 164-5).Bryn Mawr Classical Review For evaluation only. in contradistinction to those made from the E. 657. With respect to Pylos.without patronymics -. 656. because I believe it betrays a surprisingly relaxed attitude toward the conventions of word formation in Mycenaean Greek.series. much as they used titles in them. This is hardly a coincidence. records of assessments of flax (N. not ours.

The selection overlaps with those of Hooker's Linear B: An Introduction (1980) and the "Chrestomathy" in Bartonek's Handbuch des mykenischen Griechisch (2003: 510-32). 239). His introductory section (pp.which. but it is substantially different. 239). then taxes within each district could be deduced as easily manageable even numbers and collected accordingly. as well as some innovative line numberings (e. however. The tribute calculated in the Es tablets. It consists of a selection of Linear B texts from Knossos. transliterations into Latin characters. given that ISJs may have been restricted to inter-elite exchanges.g.html Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. VAN ALFEN's contribution on the Linear B inscribed stirrup jars (ISJs) is a useful update to Hallager's and Haskell's work in the 1980s (e.Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2009.03. It is particularly significant because it critically reviews alternatives to readings of texts concerning these. that ISJs emanate exclusively from Crete because of the "large and potentially confusing number of managers and collectors" there. L. PY Tn 316. YD's "Mycenaean anthology" takes up nearly half of the Companion. For example. without unreasonable logistical trouble BERNABÉ and LUJÁN's discussion of "Mycenaean technology" deliberately focuses on direct Linear B evidence of moveable manufactures (except perhaps ships). On the contrary. even outside the Aegean. 322 -.g. adds up to multiples of GRA 10 (as product). The only formal oddity in YD's chapter is his choice of transcribing the palatal glide with j. 243-9) is the most accurate and precise part of the Companion as concerns Linear B writing and its transliteration and transcription.g. the multiples of 10 recorded may be a measure of the precision of computation.33 http://bmcr. which is difficult to reconcile with the spelling. since some readings have become sedimented in the scholarly literature. the Linear B inscriptions would often "simply have been seen as decoration" ( For evaluation only. is plausible (p. GRA 30. they revive Ruijgh's reading of we-je-ke-a2 as *wei-enkheha "turning on spear (type axles)" (of wheels. presented as line drawings (from various published sources). Likewise. and are derived from area GRA 30 (as seed-corn). He makes an important point about the multivalency of both the vessels (including their inscriptions) and their contents. and land is measured in multiples of division DA 10 in Pylos An 830. when the page number is in fact 380. cf. It is equally careful about Mycenaean syntax and reconstructed phonology. It contains many astute and inventive new readings. It may be a consequence of the eight years taken to publish Van Alfen's article that he does not mention the ISJ fragment from Gla in Boeotia. concerning a single locality (or district). DA 50). cited as Ruijgh 1967: 330. and particularly because of its treatment of tablets lately discovered at Thebes. However. which appears to bear the abbreviation WA for wanaks or wanakteron. and Thebes. translations into English. Haskell 1984) on this rather neglected sub-discipline of Linear B studies.foxitsoftware. Palmer 1963: 462). Hallager 1987.R. His suggestion. transcriptions into Mycenaean Greek.brynmawr. Driessen and Shelmerdine in do refer to this piece in their respective contributions to the Companion. I doubt that in Bronze Age contexts. as well as an expansion on his own recent research (Van Alfen 1998). Although this conforms with the standard 5 of 10 12/7/2010 5:55 PM . does not correspond to that in the forthcoming PoN IV). rather than (eh)u-weikeha "in (good) shape" (= ἐπιεικής). Mycenae. Pylos. all areas of land under cultivation recorded in Pylos Eq 213 are even amounts of major seed-corn unit GRA (multiples of 10 three of five times). but it probably does not do justice to the distinctions between types of "collectors" in the region that we are now beginning to discern. Hence it seems to me that if the palace knew what precisely measured part of any locality under its political control was subject to taxation (e. p.

Greek ζειά). As for contextual readings.(later zu-) -. Palmer's maverick interpretation of *120 as "barley" and *121 as some kind of "wheat" (see above) and Halstead's (1995) observations of evidence of the stem of a number of very ancient words of *121. 268). *69). He muddles the discussion somewhat by adducing R. while ke-re-na-i (TH Fq 126) is certainly not "to the cranes" (as if votive). He rightly points out that *129. He deals with the issues directly but more delicately than he and other have elsewhere (ibid. transliteration of the Linear B glide series. without fear of contradicting Homer's usage of ζειαί for "fodder" (pace YD) -. variously identified with barley. 2002-03. YD refers to Mycenaean ta-ra-si-ja tala(n)siâ as a term for corvée (p.or anything in the Linear B corpus. I will not comment on its applicability to Thebes Fq 126 (pp. 191-5 of the Companion). the wheat most often found on Greek Bronze Age sites (Halstead 1995). Proto-Indo-European *yewo.html Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. is frequently misconstrued as farina "flour. einkorn wheat. is how it is often glossed (Aura Jorro 1999: 319-20).suggesting what has been ground.not least because the word does not take the shape of a Mycenaean feminine noun of agency. and *129 (cf.alphabetic Greek ζειά being a likely cognate or descendant.33 http://bmcr. 354). contestable issues of morphology and lexical semantics.Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2009. cf. Godart. Suffice it to state that YD covers the major problems: the identity of sometimes written enclitic *65 and -u-*65 as "son" (not FAR) in the Theban "dialect" (pp. YD's lengthiest commentary is reserved for the ticklish subject of the interpretation of the Thebes tablets (Aravantinos. and *129 einkorn (T. could be an old abbreviation for the name of a grain beginning in yu. and Sacconi 2001). which resembles *69 ju." in Pylos Ta 711 was long ago undermined by evidence that the rest of the Ta set does not record funeral accoutrements (see Palaima 2004). 6 of 10 12/7/2010 5:55 PM ." Incidentally. 371. transcribed conventionally as FAR. I will not recite the arguments here.brynmawr. the case for dry unit GRA 1 = fraction T 10 at Thebes. or emmer wheat (Hittite ewan. 303-4). as elsewhere (pp. 276." rather than "installed (in office). However. YD evidently prefers Driessen's earlier dates for the RCT at Knossos (p.Latin far -. Palmer (1963: 340. to dependent or semi-dependent crafts-persons (see pp." particularly because of its juxtaposition with me-re-u-ro *meleuron on Pylos Un 718. with reference to Pylos tribute text Un 718 (pp. YD revives the interpretation. p. measured so as to prevent theft or fraud. 353-9). and Kore in the Thebes texts (pp. As YD points out. first suggested by L. This fits the Theophrastian description of ζειά. which. 361-71).03. 2003). Killen has more cautiously defined it as dispensation of amounts of material. I am content to think that *120 represents emmer (Triticum dicoccum). as distinct from GRAnum and HORDeum. it looks strange in Anglophone linguistics. Suffice it to reiterate that the case for "buried. Rather. The stem from which Greek words for "son" are derived is probably *suH-yus (not **suyus. 346-347). he may assume too much in this definition.foxitsoftware. Demeter. Palaima 2000-01. monococcum). it is meant to stand for just that -. James 2002-03. γέρανος: instrument for making ἄλφιτα) -. There are miscellaneous. which expects y or i with a "sub-breve. 355). Perhaps of greater interest to archaeologists. *121 some variety of barley. that te-ke thêke could be translated as "he buried" in funerary context. Probably the most useful discussion in YD's chapter is on the meaning of symbols *120. YD suggests that * For evaluation only. see above). and the case against identifying a holy trinity of Zeus. 360-1). to be fair. but these are scarce. Hsch. Hence all of YD's transcriptions of Mycenaean dialectal / idiolectal reflexes should contain long u or i from dissimilation and compensatory lengthening. neither is it likely to be "women making barley groats" (p. Sanskrit / Avestan yáva-.

Thèbes. and A. and good examples of contextual analysis of and economic inference into Linear B. Winter Universitätsverlag. the Companion comprises extensive and up-to-date bibliographies. 13).brynmawr. There is no legitimate excuse among the authors. especially non-linguists. whereas even a scholar with a firm foundation in Greek. shipwrek (p. 2001. F.Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2009.10). edition et commentaire. if not comparative Indo-European linguistics. and Linear B. 229. 341).com For evaluation only. Indogermanische Bibliotek. 334). I am eager to see the second volume of this already well-rounded work. high-quality photographs.g. Still. not least for the sake of the supposed readership.L. the Companion is a valuable single resource on the study of Linear B in its various aspects at the beginning of the twenty-first century.foxitsoftware. then a superscript h should be used for the aspirate series. is likely to find the inconsistencies in the techniques of presentation troublesome. dying (for dyeing. Duhoux passim. all classically educated. Handbuch des mykenischen Griechisch. Bartonek. that the Mycenaean Greek transcriptions are consistent with one another. the Companion could be more than adequate as a textbook for a course in Linear B and Mycenaean Greek. though this is inconsistently applied in the Companion. 225). 2003. 89 n. Galilea (for Galilee. 136) and "data does" (p. 7 of 10 12/7/2010 5:55 PM . 85). amphor (for amphora. Diccionario micénico. Finally. p. 1999.. Erste Reihe. for "data is" (p. Pisa / Rome: Instituti Editoriali e Poligrafici Internazionali.html Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. Errors of Copy Editing and Proofreading The editors could have ensured for the sake of non-specialist readers. Godart. Sacconi. Instead one finds labiovelars transcribed with both superscript u and superscript w. persistance (p. cultual (for cultic. A. anejo 1. one of its editors' express purposes. it seems the person who did the desktop layout forgot to toggle the "small caps" button for the running header on several pages of Van Alfen's article. weaved (for woven. 219. Summary Altogether. 252).33 http://bmcr. perhaps in combination with previously published chrestomathies. The inconsistency not just in transcription of Linear B but also in translation of important terms is bound to confuse or mislead non-specialists. 304!). References Cited Aravantinos. and it is well indexed in English. Pylian official described as "influent" (p. heroin (sic) ἰΦιμέδεια (p. if superscripts are to be used to represent phonemes. the Companion is rather lacking. pp. L. 223. V. In the company of a knowledgeable instructor. p. Aura Jorro. Diccionario griego-español. As a handbook for specialists and non-specialists. A minor error I noticed in Pope's contribution is his identification of Linear B a-to-po-qo artopokwos "(bread-)baker" with *ἀρτοπόκος. pp. 219). Heidelburg: C. Closer attention to editing the contributions of non-Anglophones might have prevented the appearance of some occasionally worrisome misspellings and solecisms: e. 89 n. except p. 377). Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.03. I hope that the editors will attend more to the details in that volume than in the present. fouilles de la Cadmée I: les tablettes en linéaire B de la Odos Pelopidou. Furthermore. The latter is unattested: only normally dissimilating Αρτοπόπος (kw > π before ο) and metathesizing and dissimilating (?) ἀρτοκόπος are attested (the last perhaps representing conflation with words like κρεοκόπος).

03. Leuven: Catholic University of Leuven. Caskey. P. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press. H. Minos Supplement 15. flour.L. Late Bronze Age grain crops and Linear B ideograms *65.T. Annual of the British School at Athens 90: 229-34. pp. Salamanca: Ed. J. Halstead. 1960. J. 1980. Universidad de Salamanca. and *121. Salamanca: Ed. The Decipherment of Linear B. An Early Destruction in the Mycenaean Palace at Knossos: A New Interpretation of the Excavation Field-notes of the South-east Area of the West Wing. The Early Helladic Period in the Argolid. P.L. 1988. Galaty. 123-165. Duhoux. 2007 introduction: Mycenaean palaces rethought. Killen. Universidad de Salamanca. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. In Texts. Acta Archaeologica Lovaniensia Monographiae 2. pp.W. Driessen. Minos 37/38: 397-418.A. Linear B: An Introduction. 2000. Canto barley. Fattori di crisi nella Messenia dell tarda Età del Bronzo. American Journal of Archaeology 91(2): 171-90. Killen.L. S. In Food. In Studies in Mycenaean and Classical Greek Presented to John Chadwick (= Minos 20-22) (ed. In Rethinking Mycenaean Palaces II: Revised and Expanded Edition (ed. 1992 (1967). Los Angeles: University of California at Los Angeles.T. Oxford: Oxbow Books. M.A.L. Y. 2007. Minos Supplement 10. 97-107. 1987. 2002-03.A.33 http://bmcr. Barrett). Dieux ou humains? Qui sont ma-ka. The Scribes of the Room of the Chariot Tablets at Knossos: Interdisciplinary Approach to the Study of a Linear B Deposit. 2002-03. Parkison. 2nd ed. Hesperia 29: 285-303. and W. J. Driessen.html Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. 1987. 1984. The scribes of the Room of the Chariot Tablets. 155-73. In Pylos Comes Alive: Industry + Administration in a Mycenaean Palace. 1990.F.C. Hooker. 2004.T. M.Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2009. Sheffield Studies in Aegean Archaeology 5. M. Papers of a Symposium of the New York Society of the Archaeological Institute of America and Fordham University. Wheat. Monograph 60. Haskell.brynmawr. The Thebes tablets and the Fq series: a contextual analysis. Bennett. 1-17.L. o-po-re-i et ko-wa dans les tablettes linéaire B de Thèbes? Minos 37/38: 173-254. Driessen. Names and Numbers: An Inquiry into Scribal Practice at Late Bronze Age 8 of 10 12/7/2010 5:55 PM .foxitsoftware. *120. olives. Lane. J. Hallager. and J. J. . Chadwick. Galaty and W. Cotsen Institute of For evaluation only. E. J. 1995. pp. Olivier). Salamanca: Universidad de Salamanca. Cuisine and Society in Prehistoric Greece (ed. Melena. James. Parkinson). P. J. Tablets and Scribes: Studies in Mycenaean Epigraphy and Economy offered to E. New York: Fordham University. 127-36. pp. Jr. Halstead and J. and figs in the Linear B tablets. J. De Fidio. J. Pylos: stirrup jars and the international oil trade. 2004. pp.-P. The inscribed stirrup jars: implications for Late Minoan IIIB Crete.

Number 60. L. J.D dissertation. édition et commentaire (Thèbes. Études sur la grammarie et le vocabulaire du grec mycénien. C.Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2009. Arbeiten zur Indogermanistik. Musik und Dichtung: Festschrift für Oswald Panagl zum 65. Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique Supplément 25. Linguistik. Godart. For evaluation only. Duhoux (ed. 20-25 febbraio 2006. Pisa / Rome: Fabrizio Serra Ed. A. R. Athens: École Française d'Athènes. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Parkinson). 2008. Vitoria-Gasteiz: Eusko Legebiltzarra / Parlamento Vasco. Sacconi.J. 621-40. T. Ta 709 and K(1) 740. Negri). II (ed. vol. 549-62. Amsterdam: Hakkert. A diachronic study in word formation. University of Sheffield.-P. D. BCH Supplement 25. Textos griegos micénicos comentados. Palmer. M. Louvain-la-Neuve: Peeters. Roma. del Freo. vol.L. Nakassis. fouilles de la Cadmée 1). A.L. Palaima. S-stem nouns and adjectives in Greek and Proto-Indo-European. 2000-01. Philologie.A. 9 of 10 12/7/2010 5:55 PM .33 http://bmcr. J. V.G. and M. The Interpretation of Mycenaean Greek Texts. Roma.G. J. Godart. Meissner.03. In Colloquium romanum: atti del XII colloquio internazionale di micenologia. Negri). Los Angeles: UCLA Press. T. Palaima. Stuttgart: Akademischer Verlag. R. 2007. M. 475-97. Morpurgo-Davies. and M. 1992 (ed. American Journal of Archaeology 107(1): 113-15. Wheat and barley in Mycenaean society. pp. C. Olivier). Pylos in the South-western Peloponnese. 2004. M. del In Mykenaïka: actes du IXe colloque international sur les textes mycéniens et égéens organisé par le Centre de l'Antiquité Grecque et Romaine de la Fondation Hellénique des Recherches Scientifiques et l'École française d'Athènes (Athènes. 2003. Athens: École Française.R. Bibliothèque des cahiers de l'Institut de linguistique de Louvain 26. 20-25 febbraio 2006.foxitsoftware. In Colloquium romanum: atti del XII colloquio internazionale di micenologia. 1963.L. Pisa / Rome: Fabrizio Serra Ed. Melena. T. Administration in the Mycenaean palaces: where's the chief? In Rethinking Mycenaean Palaces II: Revised and Expanded Second Edition (ed. fouilles de la Cadmée 1). pp. Wheat and barley in Mycenaean society 15 year later. Shelmerdine. Minos 35-36: 475-86. L. and Y. Olivier). Galaty and W. Palmer. Review of Les tablettes en linéaire B de la Odos Pelopidou. Band I.) 1985. édition et commentaire (Thèbes. Unpublished Ph. Sacconi. 2-6 octobre 1990) (ed.-P. L. pp. In Analecta homini universali dicata. II (ed. Linear B: A 1984 Survey. 2001.html Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.brynmawr. 1967.W. Center for Aegean Archaeology. 1992. T. Geburtstag. 40-46. Ruijgh. Syntax and context as tools for interpreting Mycenaean texts and scribal processes: Un 718. Palmer. UCLA Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Monograph Series. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Palaima. Review of Les tablettes en linéaire B de la Odos Pelopidou. 2006.G. Politik. pp. Named individuals and the Mycenaean state at Pylos.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Incunabula Graeca 90.foxitsoftware. A. Ventris. For evaluation only. The Cambridge Companion to the Aegean Bronze The Linear B inscribed stirrup jars as links in an administrative chain. C. and J. Minos 31-32: 251-74.M. Aegean Bronze Age Chronology. Rome: Ed.brynmawr. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press. Hankey.33 http://bmcr. P. M. Ventris. Monday. Documents in Mycenaean Greek. M. Warren.G. 2nd ed. Work Notes on Minoan Language Research and Other Unedited Papers (ed. Comment on this review in the BMCR blog Read Latest Index for Change Greek Archives 2009 Display Books Available for Review BMCR Home HTML generated at 11:58:43. P. 1989. Sacconi).03. Van Alfen. (ed. Chadwick. 20 July 2009 10 of 10 12/7/2010 5:55 PM . Shelmerdine.Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2009. 1973.W. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. dell'Ateneo. 1988. and V.html Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.) 2008.

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