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Code No: RR321805 Set No.

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III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
PLASTICS AND POLYMERIC MATERIALS
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
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1. (a) Explain the terms:


i. Degree of polymerization
ii. Number average molecular weight of polymer. [4+4]
(b) Explain why organic polymers unstable at high temperatures? [5]
(c) Explain the term ’functionality’ [3]

2. (a) Compare the crystalline state in metals and polymers.


(b) Compare the non crystalline state as it applies to polymers and ceramic glasses.
(c) Name and Explain three plastic properties that pertain to their ability to
withstand service at elevated temperatures. [6+6+4]

3. (a) Give and Explain the important characteristics of a plasticizer. [4]


(b) What plasticizer would you use with the following and why?
i. Poly vinyl chloride
ii. Cellulose acetate
iii. Nitro cellulose [4x3=12]

4. (a) What are laminated plastics? State their properties and uses.
(b) Write short notes on Bio degrading and photodegrading additives. [8+8]

5. (a) Give the structural formulae for vinyl chloride.


(b) Show how poly vinyl chloride can be prepared by chain polymerization.
(c) Schematically show how the monomer concentration varies with time, relative
to completion of the chain polymerization process. [5+5+6]

6. Give and Explain the polymerization reactions for the following thermo setting
plastics along with their properties and applications

(a) Phenol
(b) Urea- Formaldehyde resin. [8+8]

7. (a) Explain the principles of strengthening mechanisms operative in polymers.


Explain them.
(b) Illustrate the bonding between polymer chains of nylon 6,6. Why is the bond-
ing particularly strong. [8+8]

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Code No: RR321805 Set No. 1
8. What is a synthetic rubber? Why synthetic rubbers are becoming more and more
popular. How are they manufactured? Explain any two types of synthetic rubbers
[16]

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Code No: RR321805 Set No. 2
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
PLASTICS AND POLYMERIC MATERIALS
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. What are polymers? How do the thermo-plastics differ from thermosetting mate-
rials? State their properties and applications and molecular structures. [16]

2. (a) What is a crystal? Compare and contrast the crystalline state in metals and
polymers.
(b) Explain the differences in physical properties of linear and cross linked poly-
mers. [8+8]

3. (a) What is calendering? What shapes of plastics are produced by this process.
(b) Draw a schematic diagram of a calendering machine and Explain how the bulk
compainded polymeric material is calendared in to sheets.
(c) How Embossed sheets are produced in this process.
(d) What are the advantages and disadvantages of this method. [4+6+3+3]

4. Explain the properties, chemical formula, functional behavior and applications of


the following antioxidant additives in polymers.

(a) Arylamines
(b) Hindered phenols
(c) Peroxidolytic Antioxidants [5+6+5]

5. (a) What are the important properties and applications of polytetrafluoroEthylene?


(b) Define an Engineering thermoplastic Why is this definition arbitrary?
(c) How does increasing the temperature of thermoplastics affect their strength.
(d) What changes in bonding structure occur as thermoplastics are heated.[4x4=16]

6. (a) How much formaldehyde is required to completely crosslink 10kg of phenol to


produce a thermosetting polymer. How much by product is evolved?
(b) Describe the atomic structural arrangements of thermosetting plastics
(c) Describe with the help of a neat sketch compression molding process for ther-
mosetting plastics. What are its advantages and limitations. [6+5+5]

7. (a) What are some of the Engineering applications of Nylons.


(b) What part of the polycarbonate structure makes the molecule stiff? What
part of the poly carbonate molecule provides molecular flexibility?
(c) What are some Engineering applications of polycarbonates. [4+8+4]

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Code No: RR321805 Set No. 2
8. (a) How much sulphur must be added to 100gm of Butadiene rubber to cross link
3.0% of the mers. (Assume all sulphur is used to cross link the mers and only
one ‘S’ atom is involved in each cross linking bond).
(b) You want to extrude a complex component from an elastomer should you
Vulcanises the rubber before or after the Extrusion operation? Explain.[8+8]

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Code No: RR321805 Set No. 3
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
PLASTICS AND POLYMERIC MATERIALS
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) What are special properties of plastics that make them useful in Engineering
materials?
(b) What are lenier polymers? Explain the differences between addition and con-
densation polymerization. [8+8]

2. (a) Describe the relative tendencies of the following polymers to crystallize. Ex-
plain your answer.
i. Branched poly ethylene versus linear poly ethylene
ii. Poly ethylene versus polyethylene poly propylene. [2x5=10]
(b) Explain the function of the initiator catalyst for chain polymerization. [6]

3. Explain the following

(a) Plasticized polyvinyl chloride


(b) Main requirements of high temperature polymers.
(c) Compounding of Elastomers. [5+6+5]

4. Explain the following:

(a) Oxidative degradation of polymers


(b) Photodegradation of polymers
(c) Autoxidation. [5+6+5]

5. (a) Certain long chain polymers such as polypropylene and many biological poly-
mers, assume a helical chain conformation because of geometric hindrance of
the side groups is crystallinity favored or disfavored because of this? Why?[8]
(b) The degree of polymerization of poly tetra Fluoroethylene is 1500. If all the
polymer chains are the same length, calculate.
i. The molecular weight of the chains
ii. The total number of chains in 1000 gm of the polymer. [4+4=8]

6. (a) What are some advantages and disadvantages of transfer molding process.
(b) Describe the transfer molding process for the thermosetting plastics with the
help of a neat sketch. [8+8]

7. (a) What are some of the Engineering applications of Nylons.

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Code No: RR321805 Set No. 3
(b) What part of the polycarbonate structure makes the molecule stiff? What
part of the poly carbonate molecule provides molecular flexibility?
(c) What are some Engineering applications of polycarbonates. [4+8+4]

8. (a) What is natural rubber latex? Briefly describe how natural rubber is produced
in the bulk form.
(b) What is natural rubber mainly made of? What other components are present
in natural rubber?
(c) To what structural arrangement is the cooling of the natural rubber polymer
chains attributed. [6+5+5]

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Code No: RR321805 Set No. 4
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
PLASTICS AND POLYMERIC MATERIALS
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. Explain various polymerization mechanisms. Differentiate between addition and


condensation polymerization mechanisms. [16]

2. A polymer is said to be plasticized if it is made more pliable. Copolymerization


can serve this purpose. Alternatively, additives called plasticizers can be used. A
plasticizer is lower molecular weight substances added to the polymer usually a
nonvolatile solvent that partially remains in the system in the ultimate use.

(a) What effect should a plasticizer have on Tg? Why.


(b) How will a plasticzer effect crystallinity? Why?
(c) Can a network polymer be plasticized? Explain. [6+5+5]

3. (a) Discuss the function of


i. Fillers,
ii. Stabilizers and
iii. Antioxidants in polymers. [4x3=12]
(b) Explain why plasticizers are added to polymers? [4]

4. Explain the properties, chemical formula, functional behavior and applications of


the following antioxidant additives in polymers.

(a) Arylamines
(b) Hindered phenols
(c) Peroxidolytic Antioxidants [5+6+5]

5. (a) Describe the atomic structural arrangements of Thermoplastics.


(b) What type of atoms are bonded together in thermoplastic molecular chains.
What are the valences of these atoms in the molecular chains.
(c) What type of bonding exists within the molecular chains of thermoplastics.
[5+6+5]

6. (a) How much formaldehyde is required to completely crosslink 10kg of phenol to


produce a thermosetting polymer. How much by product is evolved?
(b) Describe the atomic structural arrangements of thermosetting plastics
(c) Describe with the help of a neat sketch compression molding process for ther-
mosetting plastics. What are its advantages and limitations. [6+5+5]

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Code No: RR321805 Set No. 4
7. (a) In the designation Nylon6,6, what does the 6,6 stand for
(b) What is the repeating structural unit for Nylon 6,6?
(c) How can Nylons 6,9, 6,10 and 6,12 can be synthesized?
(d) Write the reaction for the polymerization of nylon 6, from ∈-caprolactam.
[4x4=16]

8. (a) What materials are used in the compounding of rubber? Explain the function
of each.
(b) How can oxygen atoms cross link the rubber molecules? How can the cross
linking of rubber molecules by oxygen atoms be regarded. [8+8]

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