Code No: RR222103

Set No. 1

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 AEROSPACE MATERIALS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Why does not electrical Neutrality change in case of FRENKEL‘S defect and schottky defect. (b) From where do the point imperfection, originate with in the crystalline solid? What are their effects on properties of materials. (c) Define enthalpy of vacancy formation. How is temperature related to equilibrium concentration of vacancies. [6+6+4] 2. (a) “Even after thourough testing of metals and strict quality control the components fail in service” Explain why. (b) Which method do you think to be suitable for the quality inspection of welded Joints? Why? Explain the method fully. [6+10] 3. Explain with respect to age hardening operation. (a) Coherent lattice theory (b) Artificial Aging (c) Natural Aging (d) Retarded Aging. [4+4+4+4]

4. (a) Explain the calculation of potential of Hydrogen Electrode and oxygen electrode at PH =7. (b) Explain how corrosion behavior can be predicted. (c) Discuss in brief, concentration polarization. [5+5+6]

5. (a) Give the classification of Aluminium alloys. On what basis such a classification is made? (b) What are the castable type of aluminium alloys you know? Give the composition and industrial uses of 4 aluminium alloys? [8+8] 6. (a) What do you mean by a composite? Explain one method of fabrication of glass fiber reinforced plastic component. (b) Explain the mechanism by which GFRP show higher strength and toughness? [8+8] 7. Where do we use Magnesium alloys in aircraft industry? Explain. [16]

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Code No: RR222103

Set No. 1

8. (a) Name some of the super alloys which are used in aircraft industry? Give their nominal compositions. (b) Give the microstructure, composition of Nickel base and cobalt base heat resistant casting alloys. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR222103

Set No. 2

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 AEROSPACE MATERIALS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Classify and briefly explain crystal imperfections as exhaustively as you can. (b) The packing efficiency of a crystal is 68% and the closest distance of approach between its neighbouring atoms is 2.620 A. Calculate the density of the crystal if the mass of one atom is 50.04 amu. [8+8] 2. (a) “Even after thourough testing of metals and strict quality control the components fail in service” Explain why. (b) Which method do you think to be suitable for the quality inspection of welded Joints? Why? Explain the method fully. [6+10] 3. (a) Compare and contrast the following terms: i. Martensite and Tempered Martensite ii. Austenite and tempered Martensite. (b) An aircraft manufacturer receives a shipment of aluminium alloy rivets that are already age hardened. Can they be salvaged? Explain your answer.[10+6] 4. (a) What do you understand by the term corrosion? Explain the mechanism of corrosion in detail. (b) Explain why does corrosion generally occur at the anode. (c) Explain the mechanism of Electrochemical corrosion. [6+4+6]

5. (a) What are wrought Aluminium alloys? How is the temper of wrought alloys determined? (b) Explain precipitation hardening in Aluminium-copper 4.3% alloy? 6. (a) Explain how glass fibers are manufactured? (b) What are the characteristics and composition of e-glass fibers? 7. Where do we use Magnesium alloys in aircraft industry? Explain. [10+6] [16] [8+8]

8. What are the castable type of super alloys that are used in air space industry? Name a few components indicating their composition. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR222103

Set No. 3

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 AEROSPACE MATERIALS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) The lattice constant of Niobium is 3.30 A. Its density is 8.6 gm/cc. Calculate it‘s atomic mass. (b) Calculate the PLANAR atomic density in atoms per square millimetre for the following crystal planes in BCC Tungsten, which has a lattice constant of 3.20 A i. (100) ii. (110) iii. (111)

[6+10]

2. (a) Classify different types of deformations taking place in various materials and explain them. (b) Following observations are recorded on a Mild steel specimen of 13 mm gauge diameter and 60 mm gauge length during a tension test on UTM. Load at Yielding : 34 kN. Maximum load sustained : 61 kN. Load at Breaking : 46 kN. Final Length : 78 mm. Final diameter at NECK : 7 mm. Estimate the i. ii. iii. iv. v. yield stress Ultimate strength Breaking stress Percentage elongation. percentage reduction in cross sectional area.

[6+10]

3. (a) Hardened steel always requires tempering. Explain. (b) Explain heat treatment, properties and applications of Ti-6Al-4V alloy? Explain the difficulties involved in vacuum heat treatment. [6+10] 4. (a) Define corrosion. Explain how electrochemical corrosion differs from other types of corrosion. (b) Aluminium boats work more satisfactorily in fresh water lakes then in sea water. Explain. [8+8] 5. (a) Give the classification of Aluminium alloys. On what basis such a classification is made? 1 of 2

Code No: RR222103

Set No. 3

(b) What are the castable type of aluminium alloys you know? Give the composition and industrial uses of 4 aluminium alloys? [8+8] 6. (a) Give the classification of polymers? Explain the basis on which such a classification is made. (b) What are amorphous plastics? Give examples of atleast four plastics. [10+6] 7. (a) What are the various materials that are used in aircraft as structural materials? Classify them. (b) What type of Aluminum alloys are used in the fabrication of the following in aircrafts? i. ii. iii. iv. Fuse-lag Wings Windows Nose-Comb.

[8+8]

8. Name some heat resistant type of super alloys. Give the mechanical properties and applications of the above materials. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR222103

Set No. 4

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 AEROSPACE MATERIALS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Differentiate between the following (a) Climb up & climb down (b) Cross slip & Jog (c) Partial dislocations & mixed dislocations. 2. Explain the differences between the following (a) Recoverable and permanent deformation. (b) Elastic and Elastomeric deformation. (c) Time dependent and Time independent deformation. [6+5+5] [5+5+6]

3. (a) Compare the annealing and normalizing of plain carbon steels. Explaining the differences in thermal cycles given when the composition of steel increases from Hypoto Hyper Eutectoid. (b) Aluminium and Magnesium form 2 useful commercial alloy systems i.e. AlMg and Mg-Al alloys. Discuss the reasons for the development of these alloy systems. [8+8] 4. Write short notes on the following: (a) Laws of dry corrosion. (b) Differential aeration corrosion (c) Daniel cell (d) Factors affecting resistance of film. [4+4+4+4]

5. (a) How Aluminium alloys are welded? What are the difficulties that have encountered in welding heat treatable aluminium alloys. (b) Give the composition of any two high temperature resistance Aluminium alloys. What are their applications? [8+8] 6. (a) What are the elastomers? Explain. (b) What are the various synthetic rubbers you know? Explain? Give industrial applications of these. [6+10] 7. Explain the following composites. (a) Metal matrix composites. 1 of 2

Code No: RR222103 (b) Dispersion strengthened alloys.

Set No. 4
[8+8]

8. How are the nickel based super alloy structural components manufactured? Describe hot isostatic pressing of nickel based alloy powders. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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