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1

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008

COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

(Instrumentation & Control Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) Give the classical and axiomatic definitions of probability.

(c) List the axioms of the probability. [8+4+4]

2. (a) With neat diagram explain Three wired D.C Telemetry System.

(b) With neat diagram explain Three wired A.C Telemetry System. [8+8]

3. (a) Explain the generation of VSB modulated wave. With neat diagram also draw

the response of “Side band shaping filter”.

(b) Explain the demodulation of DSB-SC wave by using ‘Costas-loop’method.

[8+8]

index m=1,and a load resistance RL =10Ω, determine the power in the modu-

lated carrier and each side frequency, and sketch the power spectrum fort he

modulated wave.

(b) Describe the significance of the FM noise triangle. [10+6]

5. (a) State and Prove Sampling Theorem as applicable to Band Limited Signals.

(b) Find the Minimum Sampling Rate and Nyquist Interval for the Signals repre-

sented by

m(t) and m2 (t) where m(t)=Sin(300πt)/πt. [8+8]

6. (a) Describe Delta Modulation system what are its limitations? How can they be

overcome?

(b) A voice frequency signal band limited to 3KHz is transmitted with the use of

Delta Modulation systems. The pulse repetition frequency is 30,000 pulses/sec

and the step Size is 10mv.Determine the maximum permissible speech signal

amplitude to avoid a slope overload. [9+7]

(b) Write about MSK. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1 of 1

Code No: RR322205 Set No. 2

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008

COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

(Instrumentation & Control Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

fX (x) =e−x , x > 0

=0 , else where

Calculate the mean value of g(x) = e4X/3 .

(b) A random variable X has the PDF P(x) =1/2X ,where x=1,2,3,4,5..........

Find the moment generating function, mean and variance. [8+8]

2. (a) Explain why Hydraulic Systems are used rather than Pneumatic Systems in

Industrial Environment.

(b) Explain the disadvantages in Electrical Telemetry System. [16]

3. (a) Derive the formula for instantaneous value of A.M voltage.

(b) The antenna current of an AM transmitter is 8A when only the carrier is sent

but it increases to 8.93Amps when the carrier is modulated by a single sine

wave. Find the percentage modulation. Determine the antenna current when

the depth of modulation changes to 0.8. [10+6]

4. (a) An FM signal Xc(t)= Ao Cos(ωo t +β Sinωm t) is applied as input to an RC

high pass network. Assume that 1/ωRC >> 1 in the frequency band occupied

by Xc(t). Show that the output voltage of RC network is an AM signal. Find

the modulation index of AM signal.

(b) In a FM system the frequency deviation constant is 1KHz/V. A sinusoidal

modulating signal of amplitude 20Volts and frequency 3MHz is applied calcu-

late [8+8]

i. Peak frequency deviation

ii. Modulating index

iii. Bandwidth.

5. (a) The signals g1 (t)=10Cos (100πt) and g2 (t)=10 Cos (50πt) are both sampled

at the rate of 75 samples per second. Show that the two sequences of samples

thus obtained are identical. What is the reason for this phenomenon?

(b) The signal g(t)=10cos(60πt) cos2 (160πt) is sampled at the rate of 400 samples

per second. Determine the range of permissible cutoff frequencies for the ideal

reconstruction filter that may be used to recover g(t) from the sampled version.

[8+8]

6. (a) What is uniform and non uniform Quantization. Explain how to calculate the

Quantization noise power of uniform Quantization?

1 of 2

Code No: RR322205 Set No. 2

(b) Compare DPCM and PCM systems. [10+6]

√ symbol 1 is represented by

transmitting a sinusoidal carrier amplitude 2 Eb / Tb ,where Eb is the signal

energy per bit and Tb is the signal duration. Symbol ‘0’ is represented by

switching off the carrier. Assume That 1 and 0 occur with equal probability,

for an AWGN channel. Determine the Average probability of error for this

ASK system assuming

i. Coherent reception

ii. Non coherent reception, operating with a large value of bit energy-to-noise

density ratio.

√

Note: for large values of x I0(x) =exp(x)/( 2 Πx).

(b) A high frequency transmitter used in binary communication system is peak

power limited to 1KW. The power loss in the channel is 60 dBand the noise

power at the receiver input(ηrb ) is 10−4 watts. Assuming maximum signal-

ing rate and equi- probable message bits, find pe for non-coherent ASK and

coherent PSK Signaling schemes? [10+6]

8. What is the Major disadvantage in using NRZ encoding? How do RZ encoding and

biphase encoding attempt to solve the problem. [16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR322205 Set No. 3

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008

COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

(Instrumentation & Control Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Define the mean and the variance of a random variable. Calculate the mean

and the variance of a random variable x., Whose probability density function

is

f(x)=1/(b-a) a≤x≤b

=0 otherwise

(b) Two independent random variables X and Y have the probability density

functions

fx(x)= 1/a[4(x)-4(x-a)] And

fy(y)= 1/b[4(y)-4(y-b)] with 0< a <b.

Find the PDF of z such that z=x+y and plot it. [8+8]

2. Explain with neat diagram of Hydraulic Telemetry and explain its main consider-

ations taken using Hydraulic Telemetry System. [16]

3. (a) Derive the formula for instantaneous value of A.M voltage.

(b) The antenna current of an AM transmitter is 8A when only the carrier is sent

but it increases to 8.93Amps when the carrier is modulated by a single sine

wave. Find the percentage modulation. Determine the antenna current when

the depth of modulation changes to 0.8. [10+6]

4. (a) In an FM system, the modulating signal m(t)=2.4Cos(1000πt) and the fre-

quency deviation is 4.8 KHz. If the amplitude of the modulating signal is now

increased to 7.2V, what is the new deviation? Find the modulation index in

each case.

(b) For the balanced ring modulator circuit the carrier input frequency is fc =500KHz

and modulating input signal frequency ranges from 0 to 5KHz.Determine out-

put frequency range and output frequency for a single input frequency of

3.4KHz. [8+8]

5. (a) Plot the spectrum of PAM wave produced by Modulating wave m(t)=Am Cos(2π

mt).Assuming a modulating factor µ <1,modulating frequency fm =0.25Hz

,sampling period Ts =1 sec and pulse duration T=0.45 seconds.

(b) Using an ideal reconstruction filter, plot the spectrum of the filter output.

Compare this result with output that would be obtained if there was no aper-

ture effect. [10+6]

6. (a) Define the terms

Quantization Error and Inter symbol interference in Digital Communication

and discuss their reasons for their existence.

1 of 2

Code No: RR322205 Set No. 3

(b) Define Nyquist rate of sampling and derive the expression for it. [10+6]

7. (a) What is meant by power spectrum? Explain power spectrum of binary PSK

& FSK signals along with graphs

(b) Give the comparison of M-ary digital modulation techniques. [8+8]

8. Explain ON OFF signaling and show that it requires twice as much power as

polar signaling. [16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR322205 Set No. 4

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008

COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

(Instrumentation & Control Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) Calculate the mean and variance of [8+4+4]

i. Gaussian random variance.

ii. Poisson distribution.

Systems. [16]

3. (a) What are the different types of distortions in diode detectors and explain

them. Explain how to reduce distortions?

(b) Explain the envelope detection of AM signals. [8+8]

quency deviation is 4.8 KHz. If the amplitude of the modulating signal is now

increased to 7.2V, what is the new deviation? Find the modulation index in

each case.

(b) For the balanced ring modulator circuit the carrier input frequency is fc =500KHz

and modulating input signal frequency ranges from 0 to 5KHz.Determine out-

put frequency range and output frequency for a single input frequency of

3.4KHz. [8+8]

5. (a) What is meant by Natural Sampling and how it differs from Flattop Sampling?

explain

(b) For the Modulating signal m(t)=4cos80t+20cos1000Πt,determine the allow-

able Sampling rates and sampling intervals. [8+8]

6. (a) Consider a sine wave of frequency fm and amplitude Amax applied to a delta

modulator, with representation of levels at ±δ. Show that slope overload

distortion will occur if

Am > δ/2Πfm Ts where Ts is the sampling period.

(b) What is the maximum power that may be Transmitted without Slope overload

error? [12+4]

7. (a) Binary data is transmitted over a RF band pass channel with a usable band-

width of 10MHz at a rate of 4.8x106 bits per second using and ASK signaling

method. The carrier amplitude at the receiver antenna is 1mV and the noise

power spectral density at the receiver is 10−5 watts/Hz

1 of 2

Code No: RR322205 Set No. 4

i. Find the error probability of a coherent receiver and

ii. Find the error probability of a non coherent receiver

(b) Derive an expression for the probability of bit error in a PSK system. [10+6]

8. Explain ON OFF signaling and show that it requires twice as much power as

polar signaling. [16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

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