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# Code No: RR222104 Set No.

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II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
ELCTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
(Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
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## 1. (a) Explain the current division in a parallel circuit.

(b) A series circuit with a resistor of 100 ohm capacitor of 25 micro Farad and
inductance of 0.15H is connected across 220V, 60Hz supply. Calculate
i. current
ii. power and
iii. power factor in the circuit. [6+10]

2. (a) How do you find critical field resistance of D.C. shunt generator? Explain.
(b) A 20kW, 4-pole shunt generator has a terminal voltage of 250V when running
at 400 rpm. The armature has a resistance of 0.16 Ω and consists of 652
conductors which are lap-wound. The diameter of the pole-shoe circle is 38cm.
The poles are 20cm long and subtend an angle of 600 . Calculate the flux
density in the air gap. Neglect shunt field current. [6+10]

3. (a) What are the various parts of transformer? Explain each part the function of.
(b) A 3300 / 400V single phase transformer takes 1A at p.f. of 0.2 on no-load.
Calculate the current drawn by the primary and its phase angle when the
secondary supplies a current of 60A at 0.8 p.f. lag. Draw vector diagram.
[6+10]

4. (a) A 3-phase, 16-pole alternator has a star connected winding with 144 slots and
10 conductors per slot. The flux per pole is 30mwb. The speed is 375 rpm.
Find frequency, phase and line emf.
(b) A three phase induction motor has an input of 100kW. The stator copper
losses are 2.2kW. find
i. the rotor copper loss per phase if the motor is running at slip of 4 percent
and
ii. the mechanical power developed by the motor. [8+8]

## 5. (a) Explain the following terms for P − N junction.

i. Potential barrier
ii. Depletion region
(b) The resistivities of the two sides of a step graded silicon diode are 2 ohm −
cm ( p - side ) and 1 ohm − cm ( n - side ). Calculate the height of Eo of the
potential energy barrier. . If µn = 1300 cm2 / volt - sec , µ p = 500cm2 /
volt − sec , ni = 1.5 × 1010 . Assume any necessary data. [8+8]

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Code No: RR222104 Set No. 1
6. (a) Explain the current components of a PNP transistor with neat sketch.
(b) For an NPN transistor if α = 0.98 and IE = 2mA find IC and IB .Neglect
reverse saturation current. [10+6]

## 7. (a) Classify different types FET’s with symbols.

(b) Draw and explain the V − I Characteristics of UJT. [8+8]

## 8. (a) Derive electrostatic deflection sensitivity.

(b) In a CRT the distance of the screen from centre of the magnetic field is 20
cm.The deflecting magnetic field of flux density 0.1 mWb / sq.m extends for a
length of 2cm along the tube axis. The final anode voltage is 800V. Calculate
the deflection of the spot. [12+4]

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Code No: RR222104 Set No. 2
II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
ELCTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
(Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

## 1. (a) Explain the current division in a parallel circuit.

(b) A series circuit with a resistor of 100 ohm capacitor of 25 micro Farad and
inductance of 0.15H is connected across 220V, 60Hz supply. Calculate
i. current
ii. power and
iii. power factor in the circuit. [6+10]

## 2. (a) Discuss the principle of operation of generator.

(b) In a long-shunt compound generator, the terminal voltage is 230V when gen-
erator delivers 150 A. Determine
i. induced e.m.f.
ii. total power generated and
iii. distribution of this power. Given that shunt field, series filed, divertor and
armature resistances are 92Ω , 0.015Ω , 0.03Ω and 0.032Ω respectively.
[6+10]

## 3. (a) Why is efficiency of transformer is generally high?

(b) A 200kVA, single phase transformer has an efficiency of 98 percent at F.L. if
the maximum efficiency occurs at 3/4 F.L. Calculate
i. the iron loss,
ii. the copper loss at F.L.
iii. the efficiency at half − load. Assume a p.f. of 0.8 at all loads. [6+10]

4. (a) The stator of a 3-phase, 8-pole synchronous generator driven at 750 rpm has
72 slots. The winding has been made with 36 coils having 10 turns per coil.
Calculate the rms value of induced emf per phase if the flux per pole is 0.162
web, sinusoidally distributed. Assume that full pitch coils have been used.
(b) The power input to the rotor of a 440V, 50Hz, 6-ple, 3-phase inductor motor
is 80KW. The rotor electromotive force is observed to make 100 complete
alternations per minute. Calculate
i. Slip
ii. rotor speed
iii. rotor copper losses per phase
iv. mechanical power developed and

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Code No: RR222104 Set No. 2
v. the rotor resistance per phase if the rotor current is 60A. [8+8]

5. (a) Explain the variations of charge density , electric field and potential of open
circuit P − N junction.
(b) The resistivities of the two sides of a step graded germanium diode are 2 ohm
− cm ( p - side ) and 1 ohm - cm ( n - side ). Calculate the height of Eo of
the potential energy barrier. I f n = 3800 cm2 / volt - sec , µ p = 1800 cm2 /
volt - sec , ni = 2.5 × 1013 . Assume any necessary data. [8+8]

tion. 

## 7. (a) Explain the zener and avalanche breakdown mechanisms.

(b) Give the applications of Varactor diodes. [10+6]

8. Sketch the block diagram of CRT, explain every part in it in detail. 

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Code No: RR222104 Set No. 3
II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
ELCTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
(Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

## 1. (a) Derive an expression for coefficient of coupling.

(b) A flux meter is connected to a search-coil having 600 turns and mean area of
4cm2 . The search coil is placed at the centre of an air-cored solenoid 1 meter
long and wound with 1000 turns. When a current of 4A is reversed, there is a
deflection of 20 scale divisions on the flux meter. Calculate the calibration in
Wb-turns per scale division. [6+10]

## 2. (a) What are the conditions to build up of generator voltage.

(b) A four-pole generator, having wave-wound armature winding has 51 slots,
each slot containing 20 conductors. What will be the voltage generated in the
machine when driven at 1500rpm assuming the flux per pole to be 7.0 mWb?
[6+10]

## 3. (a) What are the various losses in transformer? Explain.

(b) A 10KVA 2000/400V single phase transformer has the following data R1 =4
ohms, X1 =8 ohms, R2 =015 ohms, X2 =0.5 ohms. Determine the secondary
terminal voltage at full load 0.8 p.f. lagging when the primary supply voltage
is 2000V. [6+10]

4. (a) Calculate the rms value of the induced emf per phase of a 10-pole, 3-phase, 50
Hz alternator with 2 slots per pole per phase and 4 conductors per slot. The
coil span is 1500 , the flux per pole is 0.12 Wb.
(b) A 3-phase, star-connected alternator has the following data : Voltage required
to be generated on open circuit = 400V (at 50Hz) ; speed = 500 rpm ; stator
slots / pole / phase = 3; conductors / slot = 12. Calculate
i. Number of poles and
ii. Useful flux pole. [8+8]

5. (a) Explain the crystal structure of Intrinsic Semi Conductor with neat diagram.
(b) Find the concentration of holes and electrons in N − type germanium at 3000
K if the receptivity is 10 ohm − cm. If µ n = 3800 cm2 / volt - sec , µ p =
1800 cm2 / volt - sec , ni = 2.5 × 1013 . Assume any necessary data. [8+8]

## 6. (a) Elaborate the consequences of Early effect.

(b) For an circuit shown in figure 6b below , find all transistor currents. [8+8]

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Code No: RR222104 Set No. 3

Figure 6b
7. (a) Can depletion MOSFET can be used as enhancement MOSFET ? If so explain
how.
(b) Derive the expression for time period of UJT relaxation Oscillator. [8+8]

8. Sketch the block diagram of CRO, explain every part in it in detail. 

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Code No: RR222104 Set No. 4
II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
ELCTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
(Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. A mild steel ring of 30cm mean circumference has a cross sectional area of 6cm2 and
has a winding of 500 turns on it. The ring is cut through at a point so as to provide
an air-gap of 1mm in the magnetic circuit. It is found that a current of 4A in the
winding, produces a flux density of 1T in the air gap. Find
(a) the relative permeability of the mild steel and
(b) inductance of the winding. 
2. (a) Draw a neat diagram for various types of generators.
(b) An 8-pole d.c. shunt generator with 778 wave-connected armature conductors
and running at 500 rpm supplies a load of 12.5Ω resistance at terminal voltage
of 250V. The armature resistance is 0.24 ohms and the field resistance is 250Ω
. Find the armature current, the induced emf and the flux per pole. [6+10]
3. (a) How do you predetermine the efficiency of a transformer? Explain.
(b) A 25kVA, 2200/220V, 50Hz, single phase transformer has the following re-
sistance and leakage reactances. R1 =0.8 ohm, X1 =3.2 ohm, R2 =0.01ohm,
X2 =0.03 ohm. Calculate the equivalent resistance and reactance referred to
secondary side. [6+10]
4. (a) A 3-phase, 16-pole alternator has a star connected winding with 144 slots and
10 conductors per slot. The flux per pole is 30mwb. The speed is 375 rpm.
Find frequency, phase and line emf.
(b) A three phase induction motor has an input of 100kW. The stator copper
losses are 2.2kW. find
i. the rotor copper loss per phase if the motor is running at slip of 4 percent
and
ii. the mechanical power developed by the motor. [8+8]
5. (a) Explain the variations of charge density , electric field and potential of open
circuit P − N junction.
(b) The resistivities of the two sides of a step graded germanium diode are 2 ohm
− cm ( p - side ) and 1 ohm - cm ( n - side ). Calculate the height of Eo of
the potential energy barrier. I f n = 3800 cm2 / volt - sec , µ p = 1800 cm2 /
volt - sec , ni = 2.5 × 1013 . Assume any necessary data. [8+8]
6. Compare the input characteristics of CB and CE configurations. What is the effect
of base width modulation on these characteristics? 

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Code No: RR222104 Set No. 4
7. (a) How Zener diode can be used as voltage regulator.
(b) Sketch the V − I characteristics of photo diode and explain. [8+8]

## 8. (a) Compare the electrostatic and magnetic deflection systems.

(b) Explain horizontal deflection system of CRO. [8+8]

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