# Code No: RR220403

Set No. 1

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 E M WAVES AND TRANSMISSION LINES ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Establish Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations from Gauss’s law. [8]

(b) Obtain the expressions for the far ﬁeld and the potential due to a small electric dipole oriented along Z-axis. [8] 2. (a) Find the magnetic vector potential and hence the magnetic ﬁeld due to a long straight wire carrying a current I in + Z direction. [8] (b) Compare the utility, requirements and applications of Ampere’s Circuital Law for static magnetic ﬁelds, with those of Gauss’s Law for electro static ﬁelds. [8] 3. (a) State the boundary conditions satisﬁed by electromagnetic ﬁelds E and H at the interface of air and a perfect dielectric. If the dielectric material is replaced by a perfect conductor, how do the boundary conditions get modiﬁed? [8] (b) In a medium of µr = 2, ﬁnd E,B and displacement current density if H = 25 Sin (2 x 108 t + 6x) y mA/m. [8] 4. Write short notes on: (a) Surface impedance (b) Brewster angle (c) Uniform plane wave characteristics (d) Total internal reﬂection. [4×4]

5. (a) In a perfect dielectric medium, the electric ﬁeld progressing in the Z-direction is given by the equation Ex = Exo Cos(wt−βZ) and the associated magnetic ﬁeld by Hy = Ex/η where Exo is the Peak Value of Ex at t = 0 and Z=0 and η is the intrinsic impedance of the dielectric. Prove that the average power 2 Ex0 S ﬂowing through an area S normal to the Z-axis is given by P z, ax = 2η [8] (b) In a non-magnetic medium, E = 4Sin(2π107 t − 0.8x)ZV /m. Determine H , dielectric constant, intrinsic impedance and the time average power carried by the wave. [8] 6. (a) Explain the signiﬁcance of TEM wave in a parallel plane guide, and derive an expression for the attenuation factor for TEM waves. [8] (b) Explain and sketch the nature of variations of attenuation with frequency in a parallel plate wave guide for TE, TM and TEM waves. [8] 1 of 2

Code No: RR220403

Set No. 1

7. (a) Deﬁne the i/p impedance of a transmission line and derive the expression for it. [8] (b) The characteristic impedance of a certain line is 710 |14 0 Ω and γ = 0.007 + j0.028 per km. The line is terminated in a 300 Ω resistor. Calculate the i/p impedance of the line if its length is 100 km. [8] 8. (a) Describe various methods used to match a transmission line terminated by a load impedance not equal to the characteristic impedance of the line. [8] (b) A dipole aerial whose input impedance is a pure resistance of 100 Ω is to be matched at a frequency of 100 MHz to by feeder having Z0 = 600 Ω by means of a quarter wave transformer. Determine the parameters of the transformer and mention its merits and demerits. [8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR220403

Set No. 2

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 E M WAVES AND TRANSMISSION LINES ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) A charge Q1 is at point (0,-1,0)m. Another charge Q2 is at the point (0,2,0)m. Find the ratio Q2 / Q1 resulting in zero force on a test charge at the origin. Q1 , Q2 and the test charge are all of the same sign. [8] (b) A circular disk of radius ‘a’ is uniformly charged with ρs C/m2 and is in z=0 plane. Find the Electric Field at the point (0, 0, h) along its axis. [8] 2. (a) Explain the nature of line, surface and volume current distributions as applicable to static magnetic ﬁelds. List out the expressions for the magnetic ﬁeld intensity in these three cases. [6] (b) Determine the voltage induced in a conducting bar positioned at y = 8 cm., in xy-plane, in a magnetic ﬁeld of 10000 Cos (106 t) Z A/m. What will be the result if the magnetic ﬁeld is stationary ? [5] (c) Sketch the electric and magnetic ﬁeld lines in the cross section of a coaxial cable. Hence compare the two types of ﬁeld distributions (no derivations) [5] 3. (a) In free space D = Dm Sin (wt +β z)ax . Determine B and displacement current density. [8] (b) Region 1, for which µr1 = 3 is deﬁned by X < 0 and region 2, X < 0 has µr2 = 5 given H1 = 4 ax + 3ay 6 az (A/m). Determine H2 for X > 0 and the angles that H1 and H2 make with the interface. [8] 4. A y-polarized uniform plane wave with ﬁelds (Ei , Hi ) and a frequency of 100 MHz propogates in air in the + x direction and impinges normally on a perfectly conducting plane at x = 0, assuming the amplitude of Ei to be 6 mV/m, write the phasor and instantaneous expressions for. [4×4=16] (a) Ei and Hi of the incident wave (b) Er and Hr of the reﬂected wave (c) ET and HT of the total wave in air (d) Determine the location nearest to the conducting plane where ET and HT are zero. 5. (a) State and Prove Poynting Theorem. [10]

(b) A Plane wave traveling in a free space has an average poynting vector of 5 watts/m2 . Find the average energy density. [6] 1 of 2

Code No: RR220403

Set No. 2

6. (a) Explain the factors on which cut oﬀ frequency of a parallel plate wave guide depend. [8] (b) Obtain the frequency in terms of cut oﬀ frequency fc at which the attenuation constant due to conductor losses for the T Mn mode is minimum for a parallel plate wave-guide. [8] 7. (a) List out the applications of transmission lines. (b) Draw an equivalent circuit of a two wire transmission line. [5] [5]

(c) A lossy cable which has R = 2.25 Ω /m, L = 1.0 µ H/m, C = 1 pF/m and G = 0 operates at f = 0.5 GHz. Find out the attenuation constant of the line. [6] 8. (a) Explain the principle of Impedance matching with Quarter wave Transformer? [8] (b) A 100 Ω loss less line connects a signal of 100 KHz to a load of 140 Ω. The load power is 100mW . Calculate [8] i. Voltage Reﬂection coeﬃcient, ii. VSWR, iii. Position of VM ax , IM ax Vmin and Imin. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR220403

Set No. 3

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 E M WAVES AND TRANSMISSION LINES ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) State the Coulomb’s law in SI units and indicate the parameters used in the equations with the aid of a diagram. [6] (b) Point charges Q1 and Q2 are respectively located at (4, 0, -3) and (2, 0, 1). If Q2 = 4 nC, ﬁnd Q1 such that. [10] i. The E at (5, 0, 6) has no Z-component. ii. The force on a test charge at (5, 0, 6) has no X-component. 2. An inﬁnitely long straight conducting rod of radius ‘a’ carries a current of I in + Z direction. Using Ampere’s Circuital Law, ﬁnd H in all regions and sketch the variation of H as a function of radial distance. If I = 3 mA. and a = 2 cm., ﬁnd H and β at ( 0, 1cm., 0) and (0, 4cm., 0). [16] 3. (a) From the Maxwell’s Curl’s equations, derive the wave equations for a plane wave traveling in the Positive X-direction in a medium with constants µ = µ0 , ε = ε0 and σ = 0. [10] (b) If distilled water has constants µr = 1, εr = 81 and Power factor = 0.05 at 1GHz, Calculate the Depth of penetration. [6] 4. A uniform plane wave of angular frequency ‘W’ in a medium 1 having a refractive index ‘n1 ’ is incident on a plane interface at z=0 with medium 2 having a refractive index ‘n2 ’ (< n1 ) at the critical angle. If Eio and Eto denote the amplitudes of the incident and refracted electric ﬁeld intensities respectively, Find [16] (a) the ratio Eto /Eio for perpendicular polarization (b) the ratio Eto /Eio for parallel polarization. 5. (a) What is meant by direction cosine of a vector and point out its advantages? [8] (b) Verify that the cosine of the angle between any vectors E1 and E2 is the sum of the products of the direction cosines of these vectors? [8] 6. (a) Explain the factors on which cut oﬀ frequency of a parallel plate wave guide depend. [8] (b) Obtain the frequency in terms of cut oﬀ frequency fc at which the attenuation constant due to conductor losses for the T Mn mode is minimum for a parallel plate wave-guide. [8] 1 of 2

Code No: RR220403

Set No. 3
[8]

7. (a) Derive a relation between reﬂection coeﬃcient and characteristic impedance. [8] (b) Determine the reﬂection coeﬃcients when i. ii. iii. iv. ZL = Z0 ZL = short circuit ZL = open circuit. Also ﬁnd out the magnitude of reﬂection coeﬃcient when ZL is purely reactive. [8]

8. (a) Explain the signiﬁcance and principles of single stub matching.

(b) A loss less transmission line, Zo = 50 Ω has a load impedance of 70 + j20 Ω. Design a single stub for achieving impedance matching at 100 MHz. [8] (Smith charts to be provided) ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR220403

Set No. 4

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 E M WAVES AND TRANSMISSION LINES ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) A charge Q1 is at point (0,-1,0)m. Another charge Q2 is at the point (0,2,0)m. Find the ratio Q2 / Q1 resulting in zero force on a test charge at the origin. Q1 , Q2 and the test charge are all of the same sign. [8] (b) A circular disk of radius ‘a’ is uniformly charged with ρs C/m2 and is in z=0 plane. Find the Electric Field at the point (0, 0, h) along its axis. [8] 2. (a) Deﬁne and explain the Biot-Savart’s Law. Hence obtain the ﬁeld due to a straight current carrying ﬁlamentary conductor of ﬁnite length. [8] (b) In a medium of ε= 5εo , µ= 2.5µo , σ= 0.2m mho/m., E = 20µV/m., ﬁnd the conduction current density. If this current density exists in a cylindrical rod of 2 cm. diameter, evaluate the current that can ﬂow through the rod. [8] 3. (a) Distinguish between good conductors and good dielectrics. Explain the wave propogation in good dielectrics. [8] (b) Explain the term ”Skin eﬀect Resistance” and obtain its value for copper at one Megahertz. Assume the conductivity of copper as 5.8 x 107 mhos/meter. [8] 4. (a) Derive wave equation in a conducting medium. [6]

(b) Show that electric and magnetic ﬁelds of uniform plane wave in free space are perpendicular to each other. [5] (c) Obtain wave equation in phasor form. 5. (a) Deﬁne plane of incidence and reﬂection coeﬃcient? [5] [6]

(b) Derive an expression for reﬂection when a wave is incident on a dielectric obliquely with parallel polarization. [10] 6. (a) Explain the causes for attenuation in Parallel plane wave guides. [4]

(b) Deﬁne and explain the signiﬁcance of the following terms as applicable to parallel plane guides: [12] i. Wave impedance. ii. Phase and group velocities iii. Principal wave and its characteristics 7. (a) Sketch the voltage and current distribution along matched, open and short circuited transmission lines. [6] 1 of 2

Code No: RR220403

Set No. 4

(b) A line 10 km long has the following line constants: Z0 = 600 |0 0 Ω α= 0.1neper/km Find the received current and voltage when 200 mA are β= 0.05radians/km sent down into one end, and the receiving end is shorted. [10]

8. (a) In a uniform line there exists, in general two traveling waves. Explain how the superposition of the two waves produces standing waves of voltage and current in a short circuited transmission line. [8] (b) An open wire unloaded line, 50 km long is operated at a frequency of 800 Hz. The open circuit impedance if found to be 330 −300 Ω and short circuit [8] impedance is S40 |7 0 Ω . Calculate the parameters of line. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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