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Code No: 07A12102 Set No.

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I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY
(Bio-Technology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
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1. Viruses as agents of diseases. Explain your answer. [16]

2. Write an essay on the phenomenon of photoperiodism in plants. [16]

3. Write an account on the polyphyletic origin of metazoans. [16]

4. Define the structure and replication of DNA. [16]

5. Microtubules, microfilaments, and intermediate filaments are all main components


of the cytoskeleton. Explain. [16]

6. Enumerate on:

(a) Functional anatomy of cochlea


(b) Transmission of sound waves in cochlea. [8+8]

7. Define lithotrophy. List three different compounds that lithotrophs can oxidize as
sources of energy. What is the biological importance of lithotrophic metabolism?
[16]

8. Enumerate on the production and application of monoclonal antibodies. [16]

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Code No: 07A12102 Set No. 2
I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY
(Bio-Technology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. Would sexual or asexual reproduction occur in fungi? Give reasons for your answer.
[16]

2. Explain the Bentham and Hookers System of classification in detail. [16]

3. Comment on :

(a) Gemmules
(b) Heteronereis
(c) Salient features of porifera. [5+5+6]

4. Define translation and protein biosynthesis. [16]

5. How the nervous system does exert a profound influence on all digestive processes?
[16]

6. What is a synapse? How are they differentiated? Discuss in detailed about synaptic
transmission. [16]

7. (a) Explain the significance of the ATP/ADP cycle.


(b) Describe the nature of light and how it is associated with the release of elec-
trons from a photosystem. [8+8]

8. Biofertilizers for nutrient management in organic production of agri/horticultural


crops. Discuss? [16]

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Code No: 07A12102 Set No. 3
I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY
(Bio-Technology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. Can you explain why some protozoans are harmful to humans? [16]

2. (a) Define systemic botany? What are the objectives of classification?


(b) Discuss four types of classification and explain in detail.
(c) What are the objectives, goals and aim of plant systematic? [6+5+5]

3. Write the salient features of the class reptilia. [16]

4. Describe the mechanism of reverse transcription. [16]

5. Give the function and cellular location of the following basic eukaryotic organelles
and structures: cell membrane, nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lyso-
somes, mitochondria, ribosomes, chloroplasts, vacuoles, and cell walls. [16]

6. Give a detailed account on function of cerebral cortex in hearing. [16]

7. Describe the role that chlorophylls and the other pigments found in chloroplasts
play to initiate the light-dependent reactions. [16]

8. Discuss in detail about Monoclonal antibody therapy. [16]

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Code No: 07A12102 Set No. 4
I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY
(Bio-Technology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. Would sexual or asexual reproduction occur in fungi? Give reasons for your answer.
[16]

2. Describe the significance of cell division, cell elongation and cell differentiation in
plant growth. [16]

3. Write an account on the polyphyletic origin of metazoans. [16]

4. Define the one gene-one enzyme hypothesis. [16]

5. What triggers blood clotting? [16]

6. How hearing is performed by auditory system? [16]

7. Illustrate the differences between cyclic and noncyclic photophosphorylation. What


are the products? How and why water splits and oxygen releases? [16]

8. What are biofertilizers? Discuss on N2 -Fixing Cyanobacteria as Biofertilizers. [16]

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