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Set No. 1

III B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 AEROSPACE VEHICLE STRUCTURES-II (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Derive an expression for the angle of diagonal tension (b) Find the shear ﬂow in each web of the beam shown in the ﬁgure 1b. Plot the distribution of axial load along each stiﬀening member when P1 =25kN, P2 =15kN All dimensions are in cm. [6+10]

Figure 1b 2. (a) What are the various structural elements used in airplane. i. wings and ii. fuselage. (b) Find crippling stress for the sections shown in ﬁgure 2b, using Gerard’s method. [8+8]

Figure 2b 3. (a) Explain the diﬀerence in the buckling behaviour of solid and thin walled columns

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Code No: R05322102

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(b) Find the shear ﬂow in each web of the tapered beam shown in the ﬁgure 3b. Plot the distribution of axial load along each stiﬀening member when P1 =20kN and P2 =10kN. All dimensions are in cm. [6+10]

Figure 3b 4. (a) What do you mean by eﬀective width in a long ﬂat plate subjected to bending loads? (b) Determine the crippling stress of the panel, formed with hat-section stiﬀeners, as shown in ﬁgure 4b. Take σcy = 470MPa and E=70GPa for stiﬀeners while σcy =280MPa. [4+12]

Figure 4b 5. (a) What is symmetric and unsymmetric bending? Explain with the help of ﬁgures. (b) Derive the shear stress formula for a symmetric beam subjected to transverse shear force ‘F’. [4+12] 6. Uniform thickness t=5mm. Determine the shear centre for an air craft box beam Shown in ﬁgure 6. All dimensions are in mm. [16]

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Code No: R05322102

Set No. 1

Figure 6 7. The fuselage of light weight passenger carrying aircraft has the circular cross Section. The cross-sectional area of each stringer is 100 mm2 is subjected to a vertical load of 100 kN applied at a distance of 150 mm from the vertical axis of symmetry as shown in ﬁgure 7. Calculate the distribution shear ﬂow in the section. [16]

Figure 7 8. (a) Explain the following methods of reducing stress concentration i. Using undercut shoulders ii. Added grooves (b) A round shaft made of cold ﬁnished AISI 1020 steel is subjected to a variable torque whose maximum value is 700 KN-m. For a factor of safety of 1.5 on the Soderberg criterion, determine the diameter of the shaft if i. The torque is reversed ii. The torque varies from zero to maximum iii. The torque varies from 300 N m to a maximum.

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Code No: R05322102

Set No. 1

Assume, Correction factor for type of Loading other than bending=0.6 Size correction factor =0.85 Surface correction factor =0.87. Ultimate tensile strength =550MPa. Yield strength =460MPa. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

[4+12]

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Code No: R05322102

Set No. 2

III B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 AEROSPACE VEHICLE STRUCTURES-II (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What do you mean by i. shear resistant beam ii. complete diagonal tension ﬁeld beam and iii. incomplete diagonal tension ﬁeld beam. (b) Find the shear ﬂow in each web of the beam shown in the ﬁgure 1. Plot the distribution of axial load along each stiﬀening member when P1 =20kN and P2 =10kN. All dimensions are in cm. [6+10]

Figure 1 2. (a) Explain critical buckling stress for a stiﬀened panel and how it diﬀers from that of a ﬂat plate. (b) Find crippling stress for the angles shown in ﬁgure 2b, using Gerard’s method. [8+8]

Figure 2b 3. (a) What is buckling coeﬃcient? Plot its variation for a thin rectangular plate, simply supported along its four edges, as a function of ratio of its sides (b) A column of length ‘2L’ with doubly symmetrical cross section of a thin-walled column with doubly symmetric cross-section shown in ﬁgure 3b is compressed, preventing warping and twisting of its ends. Determine the average compressive stress at which the column ﬁrst buckles in torsion. Take L=500mm, b=25mm, t=2.5mm and E=70GPa. [6+10] 1 of 2

Code No: R05322102

Set No. 2

Figure 3b 4. (a) What do you mean by plastic buckling of a ﬂat sheet? Deﬁne L/ρ of equivalent column for diﬀerent conditions. (b) Determine the buckling strength of a panel, comprising ﬂat sheet and uniformly spaced stringers, a part of whose cross section is shown in ﬁgure 4b, under uniform compressive loads. Take E=70GPa and compressive stress=300MPa. All dimensions are in mm. [6+10]

Figure 4b 5. (a) What is symmetric and unsymmetric bending? Explain with the help of ﬁgures. (b) Derive the shear stress formula for a symmetric beam subjected to transverse shear force ‘F’. [4+12] 6. Explain the procedure of ﬁnding the shear ﬂow in to symmetric closed section, and location of shear centre for both single and multicell sections. [16] 7. Write short notes on the following: (a) Sketch tapered wing and fuselage (b) Sketch the shear ﬂow variation over the symmetrical wing and fuselage. [16] 8. Bending stress in a machine past ﬂuctuates between a tensile stress of 280MPa and compressive stress of 140MPa. What should be the minimum ultimate tensile strength to carry this ﬂuctuation I deﬁnitely according to: (a) Gerber’s formula (b) Goodman’s formula (c) Soderberg’s formula. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16]

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Code No: R05322102

Set No. 3

III B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 AEROSPACE VEHICLE STRUCTURES-II (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Derive the relationship for shear force at any section of a tapered diagonal tension ﬁeld beam, subjected to a load at its free end perpendicular to the axis in the plane of the beam. (b) Find the shear ﬂow in each web of the beam shown in the ﬁgure 1b. Plot the distribution of axial load along each stiﬀening member when P1 =20kN, P2 =15kN and P3 =10kN. All dimensions are in cm. [6+10]

Figure 1b 2. (a) Explain critical buckling stress for a stiﬀened panel and how it diﬀers from that of a ﬂat plate. (b) Find crippling stress for the angles shown in ﬁgure 2b, using Gerard’s method. [8+8]

Figure 2b 3. (a) What is buckling coeﬃcient? Plot its variation for a thin rectangular plate, simply supported along its four edges, as a function of ratio of its sides (b) A column of length ‘2L’ with doubly symmetrical cross section of a thin-walled column with doubly symmetric cross-section shown in ﬁgure 3b is compressed, preventing warping and twisting of its ends. Determine the average compressive stress at which the column ﬁrst buckles in torsion. Take L=500mm, b=25mm, t=2.5mm and E=70GPa. [6+10]

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Code No: R05322102

Set No. 3

Figure 3b 4. (a) Explain buckling waves in a simply supported ﬂat plate. (b) For the wing part shown in ﬁgure 4b, Radius of curvature ‘R’ = 1250mm, sheet thickness ‘t’ = 1.5mm, span between stringers ‘b’ = 150mm and the rib spacing ‘L’ = 450mm. Find the compressive stress in the skin at which buckling occurs, if E = 70GPa. [4+12]

Figure 4b 5. Determine the location of shear centre for the thin walled section shown in ﬁgure 5. [16]

Figure 5 6. Derive the equation for torque and angle of twist for two cell closed section. Also calculate the total strain energy stored. [16] 7. Explain in detail the stresses in the fuselage components due to air load? 8. (a) Sketch S-N curve of a ductile material (b) Deﬁne endurance limit [16]

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Code No: R05322102

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(c) Determine the diameter of a circular rod of ductile material with a fatigue strength (complete stress reversal) σe =280 MPa. and a tensile yield strength of 350MPa. The member is subjected to a varying axial load from 700kN to -300kN. Assume Kt =1.8 and factor of safety =2. [4+2+10] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05322102

Set No. 4

III B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 AEROSPACE VEHICLE STRUCTURES-II (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What do you mean by i. shear resistant beam ii. complete diagonal tension ﬁeld beam and iii. incomplete diagonal tension ﬁeld beam. (b) Find the shear ﬂow in each web of the beam shown in the ﬁgure 1b. Plot the distribution of axial load along each stiﬀening member when P1 =20kN, P2 =15kN and P3 =10kN. All dimensions are in cm. [6+10]

Figure 1b 2. (a) Explain critical buckling stress for a stiﬀened panel and how it diﬀers from that of a ﬂat plate. (b) Find crippling stress for the angles shown in ﬁgure 2b, using Gerard’s method. [8+8]

Figure 2b 3. (a) What is buckling coeﬃcient? Plot its variation for a thin rectangular plate, simply supported along its four edges, as a function of ratio of its sides (b) Find the shear ﬂow in each web of the tapered beam shown in the ﬁgure 3b. Plot the distribution of axial load along each stiﬀening member when P1 =20kN and P2 =10kN. All dimensions are in cm. [6+10]

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Code No: R05322102

Set No. 4

Figure 3b 4. The sheet stringer panel, consisting of 3 stringers of 250mm long located with 125mm spacing and sheet of 300mm x 250mm x 1mm as shown in ﬁgure 4c, is loaded in compression by means of rigid members. The sheet is assumed to be simply supported at the loaded ends and at the rivet lines and to be free at the sides. Each stringer has an area of 50mm2 . Assume E = 72.5 GPa for the sheet and stringers. Find the total compressive load P, (a) when the sheet ﬁrst buckles (b) when the stringer stress σc = 70 Mpa (c) when the stringer stress σc = 210 Mpa. [16]

Figure 4c 5. A steel-wide ﬂange beam is subjected to a shear of F= 80 KN. Plot the shear stress distribution acting over the beams cross sectional area. Also determine the shear force resisted by the web. The thickness, t= 20mm uniform. All dimensions are in mm. Shown in ﬁgure5. [16]

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Code No: R05322102

Set No. 4

Figure 5 6. Thin walled circular beam cross section is subjected to transverse load F. Determine the variation of shear ﬂow through out the cross-section as shown in ﬁgure 6. [16]

Figure 6 7. Write short notes on the following: (a) Sketch tapered wing and fuselage (b) Sketch the shear ﬂow variation over the symmetrical wing and fuselage. [16] 8. (a) Explain Goodman’s method to calculate the safe values of ﬂuctuating stress. For what materials it is applicable? (b) A simply supported beam has a concentrated load at the center, which ﬂuctuates from a value of P to 4 P. The span of the beam is 0.5m and its cross-section is circular with a diameter of 0.06 m. Taking for the beam material an ultimate stress of 700MPa, a yield stress of 500MPa, endurance limit of 330MPa for reversed bending, and a factor of safety of 1.3, calculate the maximum value of P. Take a size factor of 0.85 and a surface ﬁnish factor of 0.9. [6+10] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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