Code No: R05222401

Set No. 1

II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 AUTOMOTIVE ENGINES (Automobile Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is turbocharging? Explain the operating principle of turbocharging. (b) Differentiate between supercharging and turbocharging. 2. (a) Compare four-stroke and two-stroke cycle engines. (b) What is meant by scavenging? 3. (a) What are the materials used for crankshaft? (b) State the necessity of counter weights in a crankshaft? (c) Explain the working of poppet valve with a neat diagram. 4. (a) What are the basic types of carburettors? Explain (b) Why the rich mixture is required by engine during starting and acceleration. (c) What are the advantages of down draught carburattor over updraught carburettor. [8+4+4] 5. (a) Describe with a sketch working of any petrol injection system. (b) What are the disadvantages of petrol injection system? [10+6] [4+4+8] [12+4] [8+8]

6. (a) What are the functional requirements of an injection system in C.I. Engine (b) What are the main functions of the fuel injection system? 7. (a) Write briefly on “spray direction” (b) What is the importance of injection timing in C.I. Engines. 8. (a) What is crank case dilution? (b) How it effects the performance of an engine? (c) Differentiate between crank case dilution and crank case ventilation. [4+6+6] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8] [8+8]

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Code No: R05222401

Set No. 2

II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 AUTOMOTIVE ENGINES (Automobile Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) In what respects CI engine differ from that of SI engine? Explain. (b) Define compression ratio. What is its range for SI and CI engines? What factors limit the compression ratio in each type of engine? [8+8] 2. (a) Draw the port timing diagram of a two-stroke SI engine and explain the operations involved. (b) Briefly explain the classification of two-stroke engines based on scavenging process. [10+6] 3. (a) What is the function of the crank case, cylinder head and gasket? (b) Describe the wet cylinder liner with a sketch and compare it with a dry liner. [8+8] 4. (a) Which type of fuel pump is most commonly used in modern cars. Describe its working with a neat diagram. (b) Explain how the variation of the strength of air fuel mixture is accomplished in modern carburettors. [8+8] 5. (a) What are the sources from which pollutants are emitted from S.I. Engines (b) Explain in detail about crank case dilution. [8+8]

6. (a) What are the functional requirements of an injection system in C.I. Engine (b) What are the main functions of the fuel injection system? 7. (a) Write briefly on “spray direction” (b) What is the importance of injection timing in C.I. Engines. [8+8] [8+8]

8. (a) How mixing of additives can improve the lubricating properties of an oil? (b) Explain viscosity index and how viscosity rating is given? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: R05222401

Set No. 3

II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 AUTOMOTIVE ENGINES (Automobile Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Describe any one method of supercharging with a neat sketch (b) Explain briefly the thermodynamic cycle of supercharged engine on P-V diagram for an ideal Otto cycle. [8+8] 2. (a) Compare four-stroke and two-stroke cycle engines. (b) What is meant by scavenging? 3. (a) Explain various parts of a cylinder block with a diagram. (b) What is the function of the cylinder liner? State the materials used for cylinder liners. (c) State the materials used for inlet and exhaust manifolds. [8+4+4] [12+4]

4. (a) Define carburetion. Explain the factors that affect the process of carburetion. (b) Explain the following: i. Rich mixture ii. Stoichiometric mixture iii. Lean mixture. 5. (a) Explain the drawbacks of modern carburetor? (b) How the above draw backs can be avoided by fuel injection? 6. (a) Explain constructional details of diesel fuel injection pump. (b) How the helical groove of plunger controls fuel delivery? 7. (a) What are the faults in injection nozzles? (b) How they can be rectified? [8+8] [6+10] [6+10]

[10+6]

8. Discuss the demerits of overcooling and under cooling in an I.C. Engine. Explain how the engine performance affects in both the cases. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05222401

Set No. 4

II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 AUTOMOTIVE ENGINES (Automobile Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is turbocharging? Explain the operating principle of turbocharging. (b) Differentiate between supercharging and turbocharging. [8+8]

2. Describe the working of Wankel Rotary combustion engine. Show the four phases of operation of a Wankel engine with the help of neat sketches. [16] 3. (a) What is the difference between a wet liner and dry liner? What are the materials used. (b) Why are the bores of the cylinder blocks made of aluminum alloy plated with chromium. (c) What are the advantages of grey cast iron used for making cylinder blocks. [8+4+4] 4. (a) What do you understand by multi jet carburettor. (b) Sketch the electrical fuel pump and describe its working. State its advantages. [4+12] 5. (a) What are the methods to control S.I .Engine emissions? (b) How exhaust emission is controlled by fuel variation in S.I. Engines? [6+10] 6. Draw a neat sketch of felt type fuel filter and explain its functioning. 7. (a) Describe the requirements of air ideal injection systems? (b) What are the reasons for emitting excessive black smoke during acceleration? [8+8] 8. (a) How mixing of additives can improve the lubricating properties of an oil? (b) Explain viscosity index and how viscosity rating is given? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8] [10+6]

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