# Code No: R05322103

Set No. 1

III B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 AEROSPACE PROPULSION-II (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Starting from the ﬁrst principles and with the help of neatly drawn velocity triangles obtain the following relationship: Ψ = 2 Φ (tan β2 + tan β3 ) where ‘Ψ’ is the blade loading coeﬃcient, ‘Φ’ is the ﬂow coeﬃcient, β2 and β3 are the air angels. [16] 2. Discuss in detail about the quasi-steady and periodic ﬂuctuating type of stresses acting on a conventional turbine blade, which could lead to crack initiation and eventual failure of the blade. [16] 3. Write a detailed note on the following thrust vector control methods: (a) Jet exhaust deﬂection (b) Spoilers (c) Fluid injection (d) Ball and socket type nozzle. [4+4+4+4]

4. A ramjet engine operates at M = 1.5 at an altitude of 6.5 km. The diameter of the inlet diﬀuser at entry is 0.5 m and the stagnation temperature at the nozzle entry is 1600 K. The caloriﬁc value of the fuel used is 40 MJkg-1. The properties of the combustion gases are same as those of air, i.e. g = 1.4, R = 287 kJkg-1K-1. The velocity of air at the diﬀuser exit is negligible. Assuming, hD = 0.90, hB = 0.98, hj = 0.96, stagnation pressure loss in the combustion chamber = 0.002 p02, calculate the following: (a) Eﬃciency of the ideal cycle (b) Fuel-air ratio (c) Diﬀuser pressure ratio (d) Propulsive eﬃciency (e) Nozzle pressure ratio (f) Nozzle jet Mach number (g) Thrust produced (h) Air ﬂow rate. [16]

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Code No: R05322103

Set No. 1

5. Explain the rocket engine principle. Classify the rockets and write their salient features. [16] 6. Explain the components of solid rockets and for which applications the rockets are used. [16] 7. (a) Compare the merits and demerits of liquid oxygen and nitric acid as rocket oxidizers. (b) Why does heat transfer increase during combustion instability? [8+8]

8. With the help of a diagram explain a typical ion propulsion system. What are the sources of losses in the system and how they are prevented? [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05322103

Set No. 2

III B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 AEROSPACE PROPULSION-II (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Write short notes on the following aspects related to the overall blade loss coeﬃcient Y or λ: (a) Proﬁle loss (b) Annulus loss (c) Secondary ﬂow loss (d) Tip clearance loss. 2. How do you estimate gas bending stresses in a rotor blade? [4+4+4+4] [16]

3. What are the modiﬁcations in the nozzle design could provide thrust vector control to the rocket vehicle. [16] 4. (a) Deﬁne ‘Gross thrust’ of a ramjet engine and derive an expression for it. (b) Write a detailed note on ‘variable geometry ramjet engine’. [8+8]

5. A rocket nozzle has a throat area of 18 cm2 and combustion chamber pressure 0f 25 bar. If the speciﬁc impulse is 127.42 seconds and Weight ﬂow rate 44.145 N/s. determine (a) The thrust coeﬃcient, (b) Propellant weight ﬂow coeﬃcient, (c) Speciﬁc propellant consumption, and (d) The characteristic velocity. 6. Classify and explain the nozzles used in solid propellant rockets. [16] [16]

7. Describe the construction features of propellant feeding devices for liquid rocket engines. How the positive expulsion of propellant is achieved. [16] 8. Describe the principles of electro magnetic thrusters and the ionization schemes used there in. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05322103

Set No. 3

8. What are the sub-systems of a typical electrical propulsion system? How will you relate them to solid propellant rocket motor sub systems? [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05322103

Set No. 4

III B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 AEROSPACE PROPULSION-II (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Explain the signiﬁcance of ﬂow coeﬃcient and blade loading coeﬃcient with the help of Ψ − Φ diagram for a 50% reaction turbine stage. [16] 2. With the help of neat sketches, explain in detail the various methods of blade cooling. Further, explain how does the performance of a gas turbine is aﬀected by cooling of the blades? [16] 3. Explain the basic concepts of thrust augmentation through after burning concept, and discuss in detail about the associated pressure losses. [16] 4. A ramjet is to propel an aircraft at Mach 3 at high altitude where the ambient pressure is 8.5 kPa and the ambient temperature Ta is 220 K. The turbine inlet temperature T is 2540 K. If all components are ideal, i.e. frictionless determine the following: (a) The thermal eﬃciency (b) The propulsion eﬃciency (c) The overall eﬃciency Let the speciﬁc heat ratio (γ) be 1.4 and fuel-to-air ratio, f = 0.03. 5. A rocket has the following data: Propellant ﬂow rate = 5.0 kg/s Nozzle exit diameter = 10 cm Nozzle exit pressure = 1.02 bar Ambient pressure = 1.013 bar Thrust chamber pressure = 20 bar Thrust = 7 kN (a) Determine the eﬀective jet velocity, actual jet velocity, speciﬁc impulse, and the speciﬁc impulse and the propellant consumption. (b) Recalculate the values of thrust and sp. Impulse for an altitude where the ambient pressure is 10 mbar. [16] 6. (a) Explain the salient features of a solid rocket motor with the help of a suitable diagram. (b) Explain the following with respect to the solid propellant rocket motor: i. Relationship between the burning rate and chamber pressure. 1 of 2 [16]

Code No: R05322103

Set No. 4
[8+4+4]

ii. Relationship between the burning rate and temperature.

7. Describe the applications of small liquid thrusters in attitude control and orbit adjustments. [16] 8. Explain the diﬀerent types of electric propulsion devices. What are the typical applications of electric propulsion? [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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