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Set No. 1

II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 ELECTRO MECHANICS-II (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the functions of the following in a transformer i. Breather ii. Conservator iii. Oil (b) Draw and explain phasor diagram of transformer on lagging load. [2] [2] [2] [4+6]

2. (a) Explain various losses and derive the condition for minimum eﬃciency of a transformer . (b) The eﬃciency at unity power factor of 6600/384 volts 100 KVA 50 Hz single phase transformer is 98% both at full load and at half full load. The power factor on no load is 0.2 and the full load regulation at a lagging power factor of 0.8 is 4 %. Draw the equivalent circuit referred to L.V. side and insert all the values. [6+10] 3. (a) Explain the procedure for conducting OC and SC tests with neat diagrams. [4+4] (b) A 20 KVA, 2500/250V, 50Hz, Single phase transformer gave the following test results: OC test (LV side): 250V, 1.6A, 110W; SC test (HV side): 90V, 7A, 300W. Compute the parameters of the approximate equivalent circuit referred to LV side. [8] 4. (a) What are the conditions required for the parallel operation of two transformers. (b) Derive the equations for the currents supplied by each transformer when two transformers are operating in parallel with equal voltage ratios. [6+10] 5. (a) With the help of neat sketch, explain the constructional features of a threephase induction motors. (b) A 3-phase, 4-pole, 415 V, 50 Hz, delta connected induction motor running at a slip of 4%. The stator winding is delta connected with 240 conductors per phase, and the rotor winding is star connected with 48 conductors per phase. The per phase rotor winding resistance is 0.013 ohms and a leakage reactance of 0.048 ohms at standstill. Calculate the following: [8+8] i. The per phase rotor emf at standstill with the rotor open circuit, ii. The rotor emf and current at 4% slip, iii. The phase diﬀerence between the rotor emf and rotor current at 4% slip. 1 of 2

Code No: RR220205

Set No. 1

6. A 420V, 6-pole,50Hz, star connected induction motor has a stator impedance of 0.07+j0.300.and standstill rotor impedance referred to stator is 0.08+j0.370. The magnetizing current is neglected. Determine (a) The maximum internal power developed and the corresponding slip and (b) The maximum internal torque and the slip at which it occurs. [8+8]

7. A 4KW, 400V, 3-phase, delta connected slip ring induction motor gave the following test results. No load test : 210V, 16A, power factor = 0.45 Blocked rotor test :400V, 3.3A, power factor =0.174 Draw circle diagram and ﬁnal maximum torque and corresponding eﬃciency and line current. At stand still rotor and stator resistances are equal. [8+8] 8. The rotor of 3-phase slip ring induction motor has an induced voltage of 100V and impedance of 0.2 + j1 ohm at stand still. The induction motor has full load slip of 0.04 driving constant torque load and running at 1440 rpm. Calculate the voltage to be injected if the motor is to be driven at (a) 800 rpm (b) 1000 rpm. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: RR220205

Set No. 2

II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 ELECTRO MECHANICS-II (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the principle of operation of transformer. Deduce its equivalent circuit. [8] (b) The equivalent circuit of a single phase transformer is shown. Figure relates to primary side. The ratio of secondary to primary turns is 10 and load is inductive. (ﬁgure 1) [8] Find i. Secondary terminal voltage ii. Primary current iii. Eﬃciency

Figure 1 2. (a) Explain various losses and derive the condition for minimum eﬃciency of a transformer . (b) The eﬃciency at unity power factor of 6600/384 volts 100 KVA 50 Hz single phase transformer is 98% both at full load and at half full load. The power factor on no load is 0.2 and the full load regulation at a lagging power factor of 0.8 is 4 %. Draw the equivalent circuit referred to L.V. side and insert all the values. [6+10] 3. (a) What are the applications of auto transformers? [6]

(b) A 20 KVA, 2400/240V two winding step down transformer is connected as an auto transformer with additive polarity. Compute: [2+2+2+2+2] i. Original current capacity of HV winding ii. Original current capacity of LV winding 1 of 2

Code No: RR220205

Set No. 2

iii. KVA rating of auto transformer using current capacity of LV winding as calculated in ii iv. percent increase in KVA capacity of auto transformer as compared to original two winding transformer v. percent overload of 2400V winding when used as an auto transformer. 4. (a) What are the conditions required for the parallel operation of two transformers. (b) Derive the equations for the currents supplied by each transformer when two transformers are operating in parallel with equal voltage ratios. [6+10] 5. (a) Explain how the torque is produced in the rotor of an induction motor? (b) i. Show that the relative speed between resultant rotor ﬁeld and resultant stator ﬁeld of a 3-phase induction motor is zero, ii. Derive the expression for the rotor e.m.f and rotor current of an induction motor. [6+5+5]

6. A 4-pole, 3-phase slip ring induction motor is coupled mechanically with a synchronous motor having 2 poles. The synchronous motor and stator of the induction motor are fed from 50Hz voltage source. What will be the frequency of the emfs at the rotor terminals if the synchronous motor is driven? (a) In a direction opposite to the induction motor stator rotating ﬁeld. (b) In a direction of the induction motor stator rotating ﬁeld. If the frequency of the rotor voltage is required to be 300Hz, then calculate (c) The number of poles that the induction motor must have. 7. (a) Draw and explain the phasor diagram of 3-phase induction motor. (b) Discuss the phenomenon of crawling and cogging in an induction motor. [8+8] 8. (a) An Induction motor rated 3-phase, 400V, 50HZ, 4HP is running at full load slip of 5%. The rotation losses are 360 Watts and stator copper loss of 200 watts. What is the eﬃciency of the machine of is it is run as induction generator at same slip. (b) What are the modes of operation of 3φ induction. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8] [6+6+4]

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Code No: RR220205

Set No. 3

II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 ELECTRO MECHANICS-II (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain why hysteris and eddy current losses occur in a transformer. [6]

(b) A transformer on load takes 1.5 amps at a power factor of 0.2 lagging when connected across 50 Hz 230 V supply. The ratio between primary and secondary number of turns is 3. Calculate the value of primary current when secondary is supplying a current of 40 amps at a power factor of 0.8 lagging. Neglect the voltage drop in the windings. Draw the relevant phasor diagram. [8+2] 2. (a) Deﬁne eﬃciency and regulation of a transformer. Show how the power factor aﬀects both of them. [2+2+2] (b) The maximum eﬃciency of 50 KVA transformer is 97.4 % and occurs at 90 % of the full load. Calculate the eﬃciency of transformer at i. Full load 0.8 power factor lagging ii. Half full load 0.9 power factor [5+5]

3. Explain the test procedure to separate the iron losses of a transformer with neat circuit diagram, Tabulation and Model graph. [8+8] 4. (a) Discuss in detail the eﬀect of i. current harmonics, ii. voltage harmonics on the performance of three phase transformers. (b) Explain how the harmonics can be suppressed using Star/Delta earthing transformer. Draw the relevant connection diagram. [8+8] 5. (a) Explain why the rotor of polyphase induction motor can never attain synchronous speed (b) The rotor of a slip ring induction motor is connected to an AC source, where as its stator winding is short circuited. If rotating magnetic ﬁeld produced by rotor winding’ rotates clock wise, Explain the direction in which rotor must revolve. [8+8] 6. (a) Compare the construction and principle of an induction motor with that of a transformer. (b) An 8-pole, 3 phase, 50Hz induction motor runs at a sped of 710 rpm with an input power of 35Kw. The stator copper loss at this operating condition is 1200W while the rotational losses are 600W. Find [8+8] 1 of 2

Code No: RR220205 i. ii. iii. iv. Rotor copper loss. Gross torque developed. Gross mechanical power developed and Net torque and mechanical power output.

Set No. 3

7. (a) Draw and explain the phasor diagram of 3-phase induction motor. (b) Discuss the phenomenon of crawling and cogging in an induction motor. [8+8] 8. The rotor of 3-phase slip ring induction motor has an induced voltage of 100V and impedance of 0.2 + j1 ohm at stand still. The induction motor has full load slip of 0.04 driving constant torque load and running at 1440 rpm. Calculate the voltage to be injected if the motor is to be driven at (a) 800 rpm (b) 1000 rpm. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

2 of 2

Code No: RR220205

Set No. 4

II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 ELECTRO MECHANICS-II (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the working principle of transformer and derive the emf equation. [3] (b) A single phase 50 Hz transformer has 100 turns on the primary and 400 turns on the secondary winding. The net cross-sectional area of core is 250 cm2 . If the primary winding is connected to a 230 V 50 Hz supply, determine [5] i. The EMF induced in the secondary winding ii. The maximum value of ﬂux density in the core. [4+4]

2. (a) Explain various losses and derive the condition for minimum eﬃciency of a transformer . (b) The eﬃciency at unity power factor of 6600/384 volts 100 KVA 50 Hz single phase transformer is 98% both at full load and at half full load. The power factor on no load is 0.2 and the full load regulation at a lagging power factor of 0.8 is 4 %. Draw the equivalent circuit referred to L.V. side and insert all the values. [6+10] 3. A 4KVA, 200/400V, 50Hz, single phase transformer gave the following test results: No-load : low voltage data, 200V, 0.7A, 60W., Short-circuit : High voltage data, 9V, 6A, 21.6W. Calculate (a) The magnetizing current and the component corresponding to iron loss at normal voltage and frequency, (b) The eﬃciency on full load at unity power factor, (c) The secondary terminal voltage on full-load at power factors of unity, 0.8 lagging and 0.8 leading. [5+5+6] 4. (a) Discuss in detail the eﬀect of i. current harmonics, ii. voltage harmonics on the performance of three phase transformers. (b) Explain how the harmonics can be suppressed using Star/Delta earthing transformer. Draw the relevant connection diagram. [8+8] 5. (a) With the help of neat sketch, explain the constructional features of a threephase induction motors. (b) A 3-phase, 4-pole, 415 V, 50 Hz, delta connected induction motor running at a slip of 4%. The stator winding is delta connected with 240 conductors per phase, and the rotor winding is star connected with 48 conductors per phase. The per phase rotor winding resistance is 0.013 ohms and a leakage reactance of 0.048 ohms at standstill. Calculate the following: [8+8] 1 of 2

Code No: RR220205

Set No. 4

i. The per phase rotor emf at standstill with the rotor open circuit, ii. The rotor emf and current at 4% slip, iii. The phase diﬀerence between the rotor emf and rotor current at 4% slip. 6. (a) What are the factors that govern the operating characteristics of poly phase induction motors. (b) In case of polyphase induction motors, explain why the rotor speed falls as the load torque is increased. (c) Power factor of a polyphase induction motor is low at no-load, but it improves as the load on the motor is increased. Explain. [6+5+5] 7. (a) Draw and explain the phasor diagram of 3-phase induction motor. (b) Discuss the phenomenon of crawling and cogging in an induction motor. [8+8] 8. (a) A 10KW, 400V.3-phase induction motor has full load eﬃciency of 0.87 and power factor 0.85. At stand still at rated voltage the motor draws 5 times full load current and develops a starting torque of 1.5 times full load torque. An autotransformer is installed to reduce the starting current to give full load torque at the time of starting. Calculate the voltage applied line current. [6] (b) A 3-phase squirrel cage induction motor has maximum torque equal to thrice the full load torque. Determine the ratio of starting torque to full load torque if started by i. DOL starter ii. Star delta starter. The maximum torque occurs at 0.1 slip ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [5+5]

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