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# Sag Tension Calculation

CHANGED DATA (2011/01/24)

SAG TENSION CALCULATION FOR CONDUCTOR
Temperature (degree) = 32 Wind Pressure (kg/m2) = 75 Span (m)= 300

1. Route Input ;
Span = l= 300 m

2. Conductor Input ;
Type = Outer Diameter = Area of CS = Unit Weight = Coeff. Linear Expansion = Modulus of Elasticity = Ultimate Strength = ACSR d= A= w= α= E= Tu = BEAR 23.45 mm 326.10 mm2 1.214 kg/m 1.78E-05 per degree 8.20E+09 kg/m2 11340.00 kg

3. Formula ;
A.For Tension Calculation: Tr2 ( Tr - (K1 - α E A t ) ) = l2 w2 qr2 E A / 24 K1 = T1 - (( l2 w2 q12 E A ) / ( 24 T12 )) T1 & Tr = Initial & Final Tension q1 & qr = Initial & Final Loading Factor t = Temperature Difference B.For Sag Calculation: S = w qr l2/ ( 8 Tr )

4. Initial Conditions ;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Assumed Tension = Wind on Conductor = Loading Factor =

Everyday temperature and still air t1 = 32.00 oC p1 = T1 = P1 = q1 = K1 = Sag = d*p1 = sqrt(w2+P12)/w = 0.00 kg/m2 2268.00 kg 0.00 kg/m 1.00 -605.08 6.02 m 32 75 d*pr = sqrt(w2+Pr2)/w = t r - t1 1.76 1.76
o o

FOS. = 5.00

5. Final Conditions;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Wind on conductor = Loading Factor = tr = pr = Pr = qr = C kg/m2 kg/m C

Temperature change = t= 0.00 To solve cubic equation of Tr Newton Rapson Method is applied f(Tr) = Tr3 - aTr2 - b = 0 f'(Tr) = 3Tr2 - 2aTr Where a= b= Max. Tension allowed = Tr max = Tr = Final Tension = Sd = Final Deflected Sag = Deviation angle = Sv = Final Vertical Sag =

K1 - EAαt = -6.05E+02 l2w2qr2EA/24 = 4.58E+10 EAαt = 0.00E+00 Tu/2.5 4536 kg 3386.99 kg 7.10 m 55.38 Degree 4.03 m

Deflected

Sag Tension Calculation

FOS =

3.35

OK

Converged

xn (T2)
2268.00 3.97E+03 3.47E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03

f(xn)
-3.10E+10 2.65E+10 3.11E+09 6.52E+07 3.08E+04 6.89E-03 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

f '(xn)
1.82E+07 5.22E+07 4.02E+07 3.86E+07 3.85E+07 3.85E+07 3.85E+07 3.85E+07 3.85E+07 3.85E+07

f(xn)/ f'(xn)
-1.71E+03 5.09E+02 7.73E+01 1.69E+00 8.00E-04 1.79E-10 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

xn+1
3.97E+03 3.47E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03

x2-x1
1.71E+03 Not Converged -5.09E+02 Not Converged -7.73E+01 Not Converged -1.69E+00 Not Converged -8.00E-04 Not Converged -1.79E-10 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged

3386.993

Sag Tension Calculation

Sag Tension Calculation

Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged

Sag Tension Calculation

SAG TENSION CALCULATION FOR CONDUCTOR
Temperature (degree) = 32 Wind Pressure (kg/m2) = 0 Span (m)= 300

1. Route Input ;
Span = l= 300 m

2. Conductor Input ;
Type = Outer Diameter = Area of CS = Unit Weight = Coeff. Linear Expansion = Modulus of Elasticity = Ultimate Strength = ACSR d= A= w= α= E= Tu = BEAR 23.45 mm 326.10 mm2 1.214 kg/m 1.78E-05 per degree 8.20E+09 kg/m2 11340.00 kg

3. Formula ;
A.For Tension Calculation: Tr2 ( Tr - (K1 - α E A t ) ) = l2 w2 qr2 E A / 24 K1 = T1 - (( l2 w2 q12 E A ) / ( 24 T12 )) T1 & Tr = Initial & Final Tension q1 & qr = Initial & Final Loading Factor t = Temperature Difference B.For Sag Calculation: S = w qr l2/ ( 8 Tr )

4. Initial Conditions ;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Assumed Tension = Wind on Conductor = Loading Factor =

Everyday temperature and still air t1 = 32.00 oC p1 = T1 = P1 = q1 = K1 = Sag = d*p1 = sqrt(w2+P12)/w = 0.00 kg/m2 2268.00 kg 0.00 kg/m 1.00 -605.08 6.02 m 32 0 d*pr = sqrt(w +Pr2)/w =
2 o

FOS. = 5.00

5. Final Conditions;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Wind on conductor = Loading Factor = tr = pr = Pr = qr = C kg/m2 kg/m
o

0 1

t r - t1 Temperature change = t= 0 To solve cubic equation of Tr Newton Rapson Method is applied f(Tr) = Tr3 - aTr2 - b = 0 f'(Tr) = 3Tr2 - 2aTr Where a= b= Max. Tension allowed = Tr max = Tr = Final Tension = Sd = Final Deflected Sag = Deviation angle = Sv = Final Vertical Sag = FOS =

C

K1 - EAαt = -6.05E+02 l2w2qr2EA/24 = 1.48E+10 EAαt = 0.00E+00 Tu/2.5 4536 kg 2268.00 kg 6.02 m 0.00 Degree 6.02 m 5.00 OK

Sag Tension Calculation

Converged

xn (T2)
2268 2268 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03

f(xn)
0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

f '(xn)
1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07

f(xn)/ f'(xn)
0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

xn+1
2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03

x2-x1
0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged

Sag Tension Calculation

Sag Tension Calculation

Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged

Sag Tension Calculation

SAG TENSION CALCULATION FOR CONDUCTOR
Temperature (degree) = -5 Wind Pressure (kg/m2) = 75 full Span (m)= 300

1. Route Input ;
Span = l= 300 m

2. Conductor Input ;
Type = Outer Diameter = Area of CS = Unit Weight = Coeff. Linear Expansion = Modulus of Elasticity = Ultimate Strength = ACSR d= A= w= α= E= Tu = BEAR 23.45 mm 326.10 mm2 1.214 kg/m 1.78E-05 per degree 8.20E+09 kg/m2 11340.00 kg

3. Formula ;
A.For Tension Calculation: Tr2 ( Tr - (K1 - α E A t ) ) = l2 w2 qr2 E A / 24 K1 = T1 - (( l2 w2 q12 E A ) / ( 24 T12 )) T1 & Tr = Initial & Final Tension q1 & qr = Initial & Final Loading Factor t = Temperature Difference B.For Sag Calculation: S = w qr l2/ ( 8 Tr )

4. Initial Conditions ;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Assumed Tension = Wind on Conductor = Loading Factor =

Everyday temperature and still air t1 = 32.00 oC p1 = T1 = P1 = q1 = K1 = Sag = d*p1 = sqrt(w2+P12)/w = 0.00 kg/m2 2268.00 kg 0.00 kg/m 1.00 -605.08 6.02 m -5 75 d*pr = sqrt(w +Pr2)/w =
2 o

FOS. = 5.00

Given

5. Final Conditions;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Wind on conductor = Loading Factor = tr = pr = Pr = qr = C kg/m2 kg/m
o

1.76 1.76

t r - t1 Temperature change = t= -37 To solve cubic equation of Tr Newton Rapson Method is applied f(Tr) = Tr3 - aTr2 - b = 0 f'(Tr) = 3Tr2 - 2aTr Where a= b= Max. Tension allowed = Tr max = Tr = Final Tension = Sd = Final Deflected Sag = Deviation angle = Sv = Final Vertical Sag = FOS =

C

K1 - EAαt = 1.16E+03 l2w2qr2EA/24 = 4.58E+10 EAαt = -1.76E+03 Tu/2.5 4536 kg 4007.53 kg 6.00 m 55.38 Degree 3.41 m 2.83 OK

Deflected

Sag Tension Calculation

Converged

xn (T2)
2268 6.20E+03 4.73E+03 4.12E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03

f(xn)
-4.01E+10 1.48E+11 3.44E+10 4.65E+09 1.39E+08 1.39E+05 1.38E-01 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

f '(xn)
1.02E+07 1.01E+08 5.63E+07 4.15E+07 3.90E+07 3.89E+07 3.89E+07 3.89E+07 3.89E+07 3.89E+07

f(xn)/ f'(xn)
-3.93E+03 1.47E+03 6.11E+02 1.12E+02 3.57E+00 3.57E-03 3.56E-09 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

xn+1
6.20E+03 4.73E+03 4.12E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03

x2-x1
3.93E+03 Not Converged -1.47E+03 Not Converged -6.11E+02 Not Converged -1.12E+02 Not Converged -3.57E+00 Not Converged -3.57E-03 Not Converged -3.56E-09 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged

4007.531

Sag Tension Calculation

Sag Tension Calculation

Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged

Sag Tension Calculation

SAG TENSION CALCULATION FOR CONDUCTOR
Temperature (degree) = 80 Wind Pressure (kg/m2) = 75 Span (m)= 300

1. Route Input ;
Span = l= 300 m

2. Conductor Input ;
Type = Outer Diameter = Area of CS = Unit Weight = Coeff. Linear Expansion = Modulus of Elasticity = Ultimate Strength = ACSR d= A= w= α= E= Tu = BEAR 23.45 mm 326.10 mm2 1.214 kg/m 1.78E-05 per degree 8.20E+09 kg/m2 11340.00 kg

3. Formula ;
A.For Tension Calculation: Tr2 ( Tr - (K1 - α E A t ) ) = l2 w2 qr2 E A / 24 K1 = T1 - (( l2 w2 q12 E A ) / ( 24 T12 )) T1 & Tr = Initial & Final Tension q1 & qr = Initial & Final Loading Factor t = Temperature Difference B.For Sag Calculation: S = w qr l2/ ( 8 Tr )

4. Initial Conditions ;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Assumed Tension = Wind on Conductor = Loading Factor =

Everyday temperature and still air t1 = 32.00 oC p1 = T1 = P1 = q1 = K1 = Sag = d*p1 = sqrt(w2+P12)/w = 0.00 kg/m2 2268.00 kg 0.00 kg/m 1.00 -605.08 6.02 m 80 75 d*pr = sqrt(w +Pr2)/w =
2 o

FOS. = 5.00

Given

5. Final Conditions;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Wind on conductor = Loading Factor = tr = pr = Pr = qr = C kg/m2 kg/m
o

1.76 1.76

t r - t1 Temperature change = t= 48 To solve cubic equation of Tr Newton Rapson Method is applied f(Tr) = Tr3 - aTr2 - b = 0 f'(Tr) = 3Tr2 - 2aTr Where a= b= Max. Tension allowed = Tr max = Tr = Final Tension = Sd = Final Deflected Sag = Deviation angle = Sv = Final Vertical Sag = FOS =

C

K1 - EAαt = -2.89E+03 l2w2qr2EA/24 = 4.58E+10 EAαt = 2.28E+03 Tu/2.5 4536 kg 2829.68 kg 8.50 m 55.38 Degree 4.83 m 4.01 OK

Deflected

Sag Tension Calculation

Converged

xn (T2)
2268 2.94E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03

f(xn)
-1.93E+10 4.72E+09 1.40E+08 1.37E+05 1.31E-01 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

f '(xn)
2.85E+07 4.30E+07 4.05E+07 4.04E+07 4.04E+07 4.04E+07 4.04E+07 4.04E+07 4.04E+07 4.04E+07

f(xn)/ f'(xn)
-6.75E+02 1.10E+02 3.47E+00 3.39E-03 3.23E-09 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

xn+1
2.94E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03

x2-x1
6.75E+02 Not Converged -1.10E+02 Not Converged -3.47E+00 Not Converged -3.39E-03 Not Converged -3.23E-09 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged

2829.676

Sag Tension Calculation

Sag Tension Calculation

Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged